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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36704840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Photosensitivity is one of the most common manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), yet its pathogenesis is not well understood. Normal-appearing epidermis of patients with SLE exhibits increased UVB-driven cell death that persists in cell culture. Here we investigate the role of epigenetic modification and Hippo signaling in enhanced UVB-induced apoptosis seen in SLE keratinocytes. METHODS: DNA methylation was analyzed using bisulfite sequencing from cultured SLE keratinocytes compared to healthy control (n=6, each). Protein expression was validated in cultured keratinocytes using immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. An immortalized keratinocyte line overexpressing WWC1 was generated via lentiviral vector. WWC1-driven changes were inhibited using a LATS1/2 inhibitor (TRULI) and siRNA. YAP-TEAD interaction was inhibited via overexpression of TEADi protein. Apoptosis was assessed using cl-caspase 3/7 and TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Hippo signaling is the top differentially methylated pathway in SLE versus control keratinocytes. SLE keratinocytes show significant hypomethylation (Δß = -0.153) and thus overexpression of the Hippo regulator WWC1 (p=0.002, n=6). WWC1 overexpression increases LATS1/2 kinase activation, leading to YAP cytoplasmic retention and altered pro-apoptotic transcription in SLE keratinocytes. Accordingly, UVB-mediated apoptosis in keratinocytes can be enhanced by WWC1 overexpression or YAP-TEAD inhibition, mimicking SLE keratinocytes. Importantly, chemical and siRNA-mediated LATS1/2 inhibition effectively eliminates enhanced UVB-apoptosis in SLE keratinocytes. CONCLUSION: Our work unravels a novel driver of photosensitivity in SLE: overactive Hippo signaling in SLE keratinocytes restricts YAP transcriptional activity, leading to shifts that promote UVB-apoptosis.

2.
Org Lett ; 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705938

RESUMO

An efficient TMSOTf-promoted selective triple consecutive insertions of tert-butyl isocyanide into aldehydes has been developed, affording pharmacological interesting 4-cyanooxazoles in high yields in a one pot manner. The given method encompasses a wide range of substrates with tert-butyl isocyanide serving as sources of critical "CN" and "C-N═C" moieties. The versatile transformations of the resulting 4-cyanooxazoles were demonstrated. The key reaction intermediates for plausible mechanisms were determined.

3.
Exp Neurol ; : 114324, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electro-acupuncture (EA) is an effective and safe treatment for ischemic stroke. It is not only capable of reducing cerebral damage but also alleviating intestinal inflammation. However, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: All rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups: the SHAM group, the MCAO group, and the MEA (MCAO+EA) group. Ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced by MCAO surgery. Rats in the MEA group were treated with EA stimulation in the "Baihui" acupoint (1 mA, 2/15 Hz,20 min for each time). The Real-time (RT)-qPCR was used to evaluate the mRNA expression of inflammation factors in the ischemic brain and the small intestine after I/R injury. In addition, our research evaluated the effects of EA on regulatory T cells (Tregs) and γδ T cells in the small intestine and brain via Flow cytometry analysis. Finally, we applied CM-Dil and CFSE injection and explored the potential connections of T cells between the ischemic hemisphere and the small intestine. RESULTS: Our results suggested that EA treatment could significantly reduce the inflammation response in the ischemic brain and small intestine 3 days after I/R injury in rats. To be specific, EA increased the percentage of Tregs in the brain and the small intestine and decreased intestinal and cerebral γδ T cells. Concomitantly, after EA treatment, the percentage of cerebral CD3+TCRγδ+CFSE+ cells dropped from 12.06% to 6.52% compared with the MCAO group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings revealed that EA could regulate the Tregs and γδ T cells in the ischemic brain and the small intestine, which indicated its effect on inhibiting inflammation. And, EA could inhibit the mobilization of intestinal T cells, which may contribute to the protection of EA after ischemic stroke.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 637: 10-19, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682114

RESUMO

Platinum group metal (PGM)-free catalysts represented by nitrogen and iron co-doped carbon (Fe-N-C) catalysts are desirable and critical for metal-air batteries, but challenges still exist in performance and stability. Here, cerium oxides (CeOx) are incorporated into a two-dimensional Fe-N-C catalyst (FeNC-Ce-950) via a host-guest strategy. The Ce4+/Ce3+ redox system creates a large number of oxygen vacancies for rapid O2 adsorption to accelerate the kinetics of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Consequently, the as-synthesized FeNC-Ce-950 catalyst exhibits a half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.921 V and negligible decay (<2 mV for ΔE1/2) after 5,000 accelerated durability cycles, significantly outperforming most of ORR catalysts reported in recent years and precious metal counterparts. When applied in a zinc-air battery, it demonstrates a peak power density of 175 mW cm-2 and a specific capacity of 757 mAh gZn-1. This study also provides a reference for the exploration of Fe-N-C catalysts decorated with variable valence metal oxides.

5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 248: 115081, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623328

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are two emerging flaviviruses mostly transmitted by mosquitos. ZIKV is associated with microcephaly in newborns and the less-known USUV, with its reported neurotropism and its extensive spread in Europe, represents a growing concern for human health. There is still no approved vaccine or specific antiviral against ZIKV and USUV infections. The main goal of this study is to investigate the anti-ZIKV and anti-USUV activity of a new library of compounds and to preliminarily investigate the mechanism of action of the selected hit compounds in vitro. Two potent anti-ZIKV and anti-USUV agents, namely ZDL-115 and ZDL-116, were discovered, both presenting low cytotoxicity, cell-line independent antiviral activity in the low micromolar range and ability of reducing viral progeny production. The analysis of the structure-activity relationship (SAR) revealed that introduction of 2-deoxyribose to 3-arene was fundamental to enhance the solubility and improve the antiviral action. Additionally, we demonstrated that ZDL-115 and ZDL-116 are significantly active against both viruses when added on cells for at least 24 h prior to viral inoculation or immediately post-infection. The docking analysis showed that ZDL-116 could target the host vitamin D receptor (VDR) and viral proteins. Future experiments will be focused on compound modification to discover analogues that are more potent and on the clarification of the mechanism of action and the specific drug target. The discovery and the development of a novel anti-flavivirus drug will have a significant impact in a context where there are no fully effective antiviral drugs or vaccines for most flaviviruses.

6.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Eletroacupuncture (EA) has a favorable impact on blood glucose stability. Blood glucose homeostasis is linked to sexual dimorphism. The majority of research has, however, focused on male participants, and sex differences have not been adequately taken into account. METHODS: Here, we investigated how EA intervention affected pancreatic metabolic stress and explored if there were any sex-related changes in the maintenance of pancreatic function following intraperitoneal injection of a 10 g/kg glucose solution. RESULTS: The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) -calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-ß cell pathway of the male pancreas is vital to maintain glucose metabolism in mice. In contrast, there is a sex bias in TRPV1, which implies that female mice have additional routes for preserving glucose homeostasis. EA is ineffective on Trpv1-/- male mice also revealed that TRPV1 in male mice served as a crucial mediator for the EA control of blood glucose. Meanwhile, the sympathetic marker tyrosine hydroxylase showed higher expression in the male pancreas, while the cholinergic marker choline acetyltransferase is expressed predominantly in female mice. Injecting γ-aminobutyric acid into the paraventricular nucleus of male mice caused a disruption in blood glucose and a lack of response to EA. It verified that male mice had a more pronounced sympathetic innervation of the pancreas than female mice. CONCLUSION: Our research has demonstrated that the TRPV1 sensory afferent nerve and sympathetic efferent nerve are capable of maintaining glucose homeostasis, exhibiting a distinct sexual dimorphism. Furthermore, this regulation is contingent on the EA effect.

7.
Brain Res ; : 148233, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623758

RESUMO

Electro-acupuncture (EA) has an anti-inflammatory role in ischemic stroke, but whether the protective effect of EA involves the regulation of the intestine barrier and Treg/ γδ T cells is unclear. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) for 2 hours followed by reperfusion for 24 hours. The rats have treated with EA at the "Baihui" acupoint(GV20). Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and Longa neurologic score were performed to evaluate the outcomes after ischemic stroke. Inflammatory factor expression levels in the serum, ischemic hemisphere brain, and small intestine were detected by ELISA or RT-qPCR. Additionally, the morphology change of the small intestine was evaluated by analyzing villus height and smooth muscle thickness. Meanwhile, the expression of tight-junction proteins, including Zonula Occludens-1 (ZO-1), Occludin, and Claudin-1, were detected to evaluate the impact of EA on mucosal permeability in the small intestine. The percentages of regulatory T cells (Tregs) (CD45+CD4+Foxp3+) and γδ T cells (CD45+CD4-γδ T+) were measured to assess the effect of EA on intestinal T cells. EA decreased the brain infarction volume and intestine barrier injury in ischemic stroke rats. At the same time, it effectively suppressed the post-stroke inflammation in the brain and small intestine. More importantly, EA treatment increased the percentage of Tregs in the small intestine while reducing the rate of γδ T cells, and ultimately increased the ratio of Treg/ γδ T cells. These results demonstrated that EA ameliorated intestinal inflammation damage by regulating the Treg/ γδ T cell polarity shift and improving the intestine barrier integrity in rats with I/R injury. This may be one of the mechanisms underlying the anti-ischemic injury effects of acupuncture on stroke.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594582

RESUMO

To reduce the risk of relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), there have been continuing efforts to optimize the conditioning regimens. Our study aimed to analyze the risk factors associated with the relapse of relapsed/refractory (R/R), high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) post-transplant and the efficacy of a new conditioning regimen involving decitabine and cladribine. Clinical data of 125 patients with R/R AML, high-risk AML and high-risk MDS who underwent allo-HSCT were collected. In addition, 35 patients with R/R AML, high-risk AML and high-risk MDS received treatment with a new conditioning regimen including decitabine and cladribine. Cox regression analysis was used to identify risk factors associated with OS, RFS and relapse. Among 125 patients who underwent allo-HSCT, CR before allo-HSCT and matched sibling donors were independent protective factors for OS. DNMT3A abnormality was an independent risk factor for both relapse and RFS. Among 35 patients who received a new conditioning regimen containing decitabine and cladribine, only six patients relapsed and 1-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 11.7%. Moreover, this new regimen showed efficient MRD clearance early after allo-HSCT. The combined decitabine- and cladribine-based conditioning regimen showed a low relapse rate and a high survival without an increased incidence of GVHD or adverse effects and thus has potential for use in allo-HSCT for R/R AML, high-risk AML and high-risk MDS.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690857

RESUMO

2,4,6-Trichloroanisole (2,4,6-TCA) has aroused a special concern for their odor problem and potential threats. In this study, the degradation of 2,4,6-TCA by UV/chlorination with different UV sources was compared, including low-pressure mercury lamp (LPUV, 254 nm) and ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED, 275 and 285 nm). The maximum removal of 2,4,6-TCA can be achieved by 275-nm UV-LED/chlorination in neutral and alkaline conditions which was 80.0%. The reaction, kinetics, and water matrix parameters on 2,4,6-TCA degradation were also evaluated. During UV-LED (275 nm)/chlorination, 2,4,6-TCA degradation was mainly caused by direct UV photolysis and indirect hydroxyl radical (HO·) oxidation, while reactive chlorine radicals (RCSs) had a negligible contribution. The second-order rate constant between HO· and 2,4,6-TCA was determined as 3.1 × 109 M-1 s-1. Increasing initial chlorine dosage and decreasing 2,4,6-TCA concentration or pH value significantly promoted 2,4,6-TCA degradation during UV/chlorination process. The presence of natural organic matter (NOM) and bicarbonate (HCO3-) can inhibit 2,4,6-TCA degradation, while chloride ion (Cl-) had a negligible effect. The kinetic model for 2,4,6-TCA degradation was established and validated, and the degradation pathways were proposed based on the identified intermediates. Furthermore, UV-LED (275 nm)/chlorination also exhibited a promising effect on 2,4,6-TCA removal in real water, which can be used to control 2,4,6-TCA pollution and odor problems.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674820

RESUMO

Although several therapeutic options have been shown to improve survival of most patients with prostate cancer, progression to castration-refractory state continues to present challenges in clinics and scientific research. As a highly heterogeneous disease entity, the mechanisms of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) are complicated and arise from multiple factors. Among them, noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), the untranslated part of the human transcriptome, are closely related to almost all biological regulation, including tumor metabolisms, epigenetic modifications and immune escape, which has encouraged scientists to investigate their role in CRPC. In clinical practice, ncRNAs, especially miRNAs and lncRNAs, may function as potential biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of CRPC. Therefore, understanding the molecular biology of CRPC will help boost a shift in the treatment of CRPC patients. In this review, we summarize the recent findings of miRNAs and lncRNAs, discuss their potential functional mechanisms and highlight their clinical application prospects in CRPC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , RNA Longo não Codificante , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
12.
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol ; 39: 100571, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36605290

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of subsequent elective nodal radiotherapy (ENRT) for nodal recurrences after previous radiotherapy with a defined planning approach for a gapless radiation field junction. Methods: Patients with 1) previous radiotherapy of prostate or prostatic fossa and subsequent pelvic ENRT or 2) previous pelvic radiotherapy and subsequent ENRT to paraaortic lymph nodes (LN) and gapless junction of both radiation fields were analyzed. The cumulative maximum dose (Dmax-cum) and the maximum cumulative dose in 1 cc (D1cc-cum) were estimated. Absolute toxicity and the toxicity exceeding baseline were evaluated. Results: Twenty-two patients with PSMA-PET/CT-staged nodal oligorecurrence after prior radiotherapy were treated with pelvic (14 patients) or paraaortic ENRT (9 patients). One patient was treated sequentially at both locations. Median time between first and second RT was 20.2 months. Median doses to the lymphatic pathways and to PET-positive LN were 47.5 Gy and 64.8 Gy, respectively. The planning constraint of an estimated Dmax-cum ≤ 95 Gy and of D1cc-cum < 90 Gy were achieved in 23/23 cases and 22/23 cases, respectively. Median follow-up was 33.5 months. There was no additional acute or late toxicity ≥ grade 3. Worst acute toxicity exceeding baseline was grade 1 in 68.2% and grade 2 in 22.7% of patients. Worst late toxicity exceeding baseline was grade 1 in 31.8% and grade 2 in 18.2% of patients. Conclusion: ENRT for nodal recurrences after a previous radiotherapy with gapless junction of radiation fields seems to be feasible, applying the dose constraints Dmax-cum ≤ 95 Gy and D1cc-cum < 90 Gy without grade 3 acute or late toxicities exceeding baseline.

13.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0137822, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602351

RESUMO

Accurate and timely etiological diagnosis is crucial for bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to their high disability and mortality. We conducted a single-center prospective cohort study to compare the digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) assay with traditional blood culture. A total of 169 blood samples from 122 patients with suspected BSIs were collected, mostly from the department of infectious diseases, the emergency department, and the intensive care units, and the clinical data were also recorded. Nucleic acid was extracted from the blood samples, and a 5-fluorescent-channel droplet digital PCR assay was performed and then fed back with the pathogen and its copies. In BSI patients, ddPCR reported an overall 85.71% (12/14) (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.15 to 97.48%) sensitivity, 100% (7/7) (95% CI, 56.09 to 100.00%) and 71.43% (5/7) (95% CI, 30.26 to 94.89%) sensitivity in patients without empirical treatment and in empirically treated patients, respectively. Compared to traditional blood culture, the overall detection rate of ddPCR was significantly higher, 11.27% (16/142) (95% CI, 6.78 to 17.93%) versus 30.28% (43/142) (95% CI, 23.01 to 38.64%), and the extra detection rate of ddPCR was 19.01% (27/142) (95% CI, 13.11 to 26.63%). Of the ddPCR-positive culture-negative cases, 74.19% (23/31) (95% CI, 55.07 to 87.46%) were consistent with the final clinical diagnosis, including 10 bacteria and fungi. The detection rate of ddPCR was significantly higher in patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts of >10 · 109/L, C-reactive protein (CRP) of >70 mg/L, or procalcitonin (PCT) of >0.9 ng/L. Pathogen loads detected by ddPCR are correlated with WBC, CRP, and especially, PCT levels, precisely and rapidly reflecting clinical disease progression. ddPCR has an important guiding value for the clinical use of antibiotics to achieve the best pathogen coverage and the antibacterial effect. Collectively, ddPCR showed a great diagnostic performance in BSIs and had an overall higher detection rate than blood culture. In addition, ddPCR could be used to dynamically monitor the disease progression and provide medication guidance on antibiotic use. IMPORTANCE ddPCR is a promising method to address the current challenges of BSI diagnosis and precise treatment, as it is highly efficient in DNA detection. It shortens the identification of BSI-related pathogens from several days of traditional bacterial culture to 4 to 5 h. It is extremely sensitive and more tolerant to PCR inhibitors, which may facilitate the amplification and enable the detection of a meager amount of DNA fragments in detecting BSI-related pathogens and drug-resistant genes. It can identify almost 20 pathogens in one reaction, which reduces the usage of clinical blood samples to no more than 2 mL. Additionally, dynamic monitoring, assessment of pathogens, and antibiotic resistance genes in patients could be used to guide timely and precise adjustment of antimicrobial prescription. The short turnaround time of ddPCR may have the potential to guide antimicrobial treatment in the very early stage of sepsis and reduce the mortality and disability rate of sepsis.

14.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655864

RESUMO

The effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) for constipation have been confirmed by numerous clinical studies and experiments, and there are also studies on the efficacy of EA for Parkinson's disease (PD) motor symptoms. However, there are few researches on EA for PD constipation. Autophagy is thought to be involved in the mechanistic process of EA in the central nervous system (CNS) intervention in Parkinson's pathology. However, whether it has the same effect on the enteric nervous system (ENS) has not been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated whether EA at Tianshu (ST25) acupoint promotes the clearance of α-Syn and damaged mitochondria aggregated in the ENS in a model of rotenone-induced PD constipation. This study evaluated constipation symptoms by stool characteristics, excretion volume, and water content, and the expression levels of colonic ATG5, LC3II, and Parkin were detected by Western Blot (WB) and Real-Time Quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The relationship between the location of α-Syn and Parkin in the colonic ENS was observed by immunofluorescence (IF). The results showed that EA intervention significantly relieved the symptoms of rotenone-induced constipation in PD rats, reversed the rotenone-induced down-regulation of colonic ATG5, LC3II, and Parkin expression, and the positional relationship between colonic α-Syn and Parkin proved to be highly correlated. It is suggested that EA might be helpful in treating PD constipation by modulating Parkin-induced mitochondrial autophagy.

15.
Environ Technol ; : 1-12, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601874

RESUMO

The efficient removal of 2-Methylisoborneol (2-MIB), a typical odour component, in water treatment plants (WTPs), poses a great challenge to conventional water treatment technology due to its chemical stability. In this study, the combination of ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED) and chlorine (UV-LED/chlorine) was exploited for 2-MIB removal, and the role of ultraviolet (UV) wavelength was investigated systematically. The results showed that UV or chlorination alone did not degrade 2-MIB effectively, and the UV/chlorine process could degrade 2-MIB efficiently, following the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The 275 nm UV exhibited higher 2-MIB degradation efficiency in this UV-LED/chlorine system than 254 nm UV, 265 nm UV and 285 nm UV due to the highest mole adsorption coefficient and quantum yield of chlorine in 275 nm UV. ·OH and ·Cl produced in the 275 nm UV/chlorine system played major roles in 2-MIB degradation. HCO3- and Natural organic matter (NOM), prevalent in water, consumed ·OH and ·Cl, thus inhibiting the 2-MIB degradation by UV-LED/chlorine. In addition, NOM and 2-MIB could form a photonic competition effect. The degradation of 2-MIB by UV-LED/chlorine was done mainly through dehydration and demethylation, and odorous intermediates, such as camphor, were produced. 2-MIB was degraded through the α bond fracture and six-membered ring opening to form saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbons and aldehydes. Four DBPs, chloroform (CF), trichloroacetaldehyde (TCE), trichloroacetone (TCP) and dichloroacetone (DCP), were mainly generated, and CF was the most significant by-product.

16.
EMBO Mol Med ; : e16235, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652375

RESUMO

Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors (PARPi) have shown great promise for treating BRCA-deficient tumors. However, over 40% of BRCA-deficient patients fail to respond to PARPi. Here, we report that thioparib, a next-generation PARPi with high affinity against multiple PARPs, including PARP1, PARP2, and PARP7, displays high antitumor activities against PARPi-sensitive and -resistant cells with homologous recombination (HR) deficiency both in vitro and in vivo. Thioparib treatment elicited PARP1-dependent DNA damage and replication stress, causing S-phase arrest and apoptosis. Conversely, thioparib strongly inhibited HR-mediated DNA repair while increasing RAD51 foci formation. Notably, the on-target inhibition of PARP7 by thioparib-activated STING/TBK1-dependent phosphorylation of STAT1, triggered a strong induction of type I interferons (IFNs), and resulted in tumor growth retardation in an immunocompetent mouse model. However, the inhibitory effect of thioparib on tumor growth was more pronounced in PARP1 knockout mice, suggesting that a specific PARP7 inhibitor, rather than a pan inhibitor such as thioparib, would be more relevant for clinical applications. Finally, genome-scale CRISPR screening identified PARP1 and MCRS1 as genes capable of modulating thioparib sensitivity. Taken together, thioparib, a next-generation PARPi acting on both DNA damage response and antitumor immunity, serves as a therapeutic potential for treating hyperactive HR tumors, including those resistant to earlier-generation PARPi.

17.
Exp Anim ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642541

RESUMO

Uterine adhesion (IUA), a leading cause of uterine infertility, is characterized by endometrial fibrosis. Implementing an appropriate animal model is essential for the research on the mechanisms of IUA. In the present study, we establish and evaluate different intrauterine adhesion modeling procedures in rats to provide a reference for researchers. Rat IUA models were established by mechanical injury, 95% ethanol injection, and dual (mechanical and infectious) injury. After two estrus cycles, the female rats were mated with sexually mature male rats and uterine tissues were obtained on the 5th day of pregnancy. HE staining and immunohistochemical detection of cytokeratin 19 and vimentin were performed to assess the morphology of the endometrium. The Masson staining and the expression of transforming growth factor -ß1 and collagen Ι were used to assess the endometrium fibrosis. The expression of integrin avß3, LIF, and HOXA10 in rat endometrium was used to evaluate the endometrial receptivity. In addition, the efficiency of embryo implantation was examined in the uterus on the 8th day of pregnancy. In conclusion, our study found that mechanical injury caused by the curette can be completely repaired after two estrus cycles. However, dual injury (mechanical injury with infection) and 95% ethanol injection can be used to establish the IUA rat model, and the dual damage is closer to the clinic-pathological characteristics of IUA.

18.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615656

RESUMO

Radioactive iodine-capturing materials are urgently needed for the emerging challenges in nuclear waste disposal. The various pore structures of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) render them promising candidates for efficient iodine adsorption. However, the detailed structure-property relationship of COFs in iodine adsorption remains elusive. Herein, two polymorphic COFs with significantly different crystalline structures are obtained based on the same building blocks with varied molecular ratios. The two COFs both have high crystallinity, high specific surface area, and excellent chemical and thermal stability. Compared with the [C4+C4] topology (PyT-2) with an AA stacking form, the [C4+C2] topology (PyT-1) with an AB stacking form has more twisted pore channels and complex ink-bottle pores. At ambient conditions, PyT-1 and PyT-2 both exhibit good adsorption properties for iodine capture either in a gaseous or liquid medium. Remarkably, PyT-1 presents an excellent maximum adsorption capacity (0.635 g g-1), and the adsorption limit of PyT-2 is 0.445 g g-1 in an n-hexane solution with an iodine concentration of 400 mg L-1, which is highly comparable to the state-of-the-art iodine absorption performance. This study provides a guide for the future molecular design strategy toward novel iodine adsorbents.

19.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(1): 53-9, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the hypoglycemic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Tianshu" (ST 25) combined with metformin on rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as its effect on expression of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) in liver and pancreas. METHODS: Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (6 rats) and a model establishing group (30 rats). The rats in the model establishing group were fed with high-fat diet and treated with intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) to establish T2DM model. The rats with successful model establishment were randomly divided into a model group, a control group, a metformin group, an EA group and a combination group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA at "Tianshu" (ST 25), dense-disperse wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency and 2 mA in current intensity, 20 min each time. The rats in the metformin group were treated with intragastric administration of metformin (190 mg/kg) dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride solution (2 mL/kg). The rats in the combination group were treated with EA at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and intragastric administration of metformin. The rats in the control group were treated with intragastric administration of 0.9% sodium chloride solution with the same dose. All the treatments were given once a day for 5 weeks. After the intervention, the body mass and random blood glucose were detected; the serum insulin level was detected by ELISA; the expression of AMPK and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) in liver and pancreas was detected by Western blot method; the expression of protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) was detected by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: ①Compared with the blank group, the body mass in the model group was decreased (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the body mass in the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05); the body mass in the EA group and the combination group was lower than the metformin group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the random blood glucose in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the random blood glucose in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.01). The random blood glucose in the combination group was lower than the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ②Compared with the blank group, the insulin level in the model group was decreased (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the insulin level in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was all increased (P<0.05). The insulin level in the combination group was higher than the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ③Compared with the blank group, the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05), and the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in pancreatic tissue was increased (P<0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group was increased (P<0.05); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05); the protein expression of p-AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05). The protein expression of AMPK and p-AMPK in liver tissue in the combination group was higher than that in the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05); the protein expression of AMPK in pancreatic tissue in the EA group and the combination group was less than that in the metformin group (P<0.05), and the expression of p-AMPK protein in pancreatic tissue in the combination group was less than that in the metformin group and the EA group (P<0.05). ④Compared with the blank group, the expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group, the expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the metformin group, the EA group and the combination group was decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of PGP9.5 in pancreatic tissue in the EA group was lower than the metformin group and the combination group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture at "Tianshu" (ST 25) could promote the effect of metformin on activating AMPK in liver tissue of T2DM rats, improve the negative effect of metformin on AMPK in pancreatic tissue, and enhance the hypoglycemic effect of metformin. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of pancreatic intrinsic nervous system.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Eletroacupuntura , Insulinas , Metformina , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Neurosurgery ; 92(2): 421-430, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MR vascular wall imaging (VWI) may have prognostic value in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of VWI as a predictor of surgical outcome in patients with UIAs. METHODS: This prospective cohort study evaluated surgical outcomes in consecutive patients with UIAs who underwent surgical clipping at a single center. All participants underwent high-resolution VWI and were followed for at least 6 months. The primary clinical outcome was modified Rankin scale (mRS) score 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: The number of patients in the no wall enhancement, uniform wall enhancement (UWE), and focal wall enhancement (FWE) groups was 37, 145, and 154, respectively. Incidence of postoperative complications was 15.5% in the FWE group, 12.4% in the UWE group, and 5.4% in the no wall enhancement group. The proportion of patients with mRS score >2 at the 6-month follow-up was significantly higher in the FWE group than in the UWE group (14.3% vs 6.9%; P = .0389). In the multivariate analysis, FWE (odds ratio, 2.573; 95% CI 1.001-6.612) and positive proximal artery remodeling (odds ratio, 10.56; 95% CI 2.237-49.83) were independent predictors of mRS score >2 at the 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: Preoperative VWI can improve the surgeon's understanding of aneurysm pathological structure. Type of aneurysmal wall enhancement on VWI is associated with clinical outcome and incidence of salvage anastomosis and surgical complications.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
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