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1.
Int Angiol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia may affect vascular factors and promote arteriosclerosis. Microparticles (MPs) are a heterogeneous group of bioactive small vesicles that can be found in blood and body fluids following activation, necrosis or apoptosis of virtually any eukaryotic cells. MPs are believed to participate in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Few studies have been concerned with the microparticle level in patients with sleep disorder. The purpose of the present study is to measure the levels of endothelial microparticles (EMPs), platelet microparticles (PMPs) and leukocyte-derived microparticles (LMPs) in middle-aged and elderly patients with or without insomnia. METHODS: Patients with insomnia (n=30) and without insomnia (n=18) were enrolled. The insomnia group covered patients with chronic insomnia (n=16) and acute insomnia (n=14). Levels of EMPs (CD31 +, CD62E +) and PMPs (CD41a +, CD42a +) and granulocyte-derived (CD11a +) MPs were measured. Flow cytometry was performed on the Beckman Coulter analyzer. Reference gate was defined for the level of MPs using 0.22-0.45-0.88µm microspheres, and the size gate for MPs was 0.5-1.0µm. RESULTS: Of all types of MPs detected, the levels of CD31 +MPs, CD62E +MPs and CD11a +MPs were significantly higher in the insomnia group than in the non-insomnia group (P<0.05). Besides, compared with acute insomnia, the levels of CD31 + MPs and CD11a +MPs were significantly higher in chronic insomnia (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In insomnia patients, atherosclerosis progression may be increased by the CD31+ EMPs-mediated apoptosis and endothelial injury. The level of CD11a+ LMPs kept increasing as insomnia persisted, which may indicate atherosclerosis progression.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e1907791, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058647

RESUMO

Organic photodetectors with UV-sensitivity are of great potential for various optoelectronic applications. Integration of high charge carrier mobility, long exciton diffusion length as well as unique UV-sensitivity for active materials is crucial for construction of UV-sensitive devices with high performance, however, very few organic semiconductors can integrate these properties simultaneously. Herein, two novel organic semiconductors containing large steric hindrance triphenylamine groups, 1,6-distriphenylamineethynylpyrene (1,6-DTEP) and 2,7-distriphenylamineethynylpyrene (2,7-DTEP) are designed and synthesized. It demonstrates that the single crystals of both 1,6-DTEP and 2,7-DTEP exhibit superior integrated optoelectronic properties of high charge carrier mobility, unique UV absorption, high photoluminescence quantum yields as well as small exciton binding energies. Organic phototransistors constructed using 1,6-DTEP and 2,7-DTEP single crystals show ultrasensitive performance with ultra-high photoresponsivity of 2.86 × 106 and 1.04 × 105 A W-1 , detectivity (D*) of above 1.49 × 1018 and 5.28 × 1016 Jones under 370 nm light illumination, respectively. It indicates the great potential of 1,6-DTEP and 2,7-DTEP-based phototransistors for organic UV-photodetector applications and also provides a new design strategy to develop series of better performance UV photoelectric organic materials for related research in organic optoelectronics.

3.
Environ Toxicol ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061141

RESUMO

Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent neurotoxin,which leads to a wide range of intracellular effects. The molecular mechanismsassociated to MeHg-induced neurotoxicity have not been fully understood.Oxidative stress, as well as synaptic glutamate (Glu) dyshomeostasis have beenidentified as two critical mechanisms during MeHg-mediated cytotoxicity. Here,we developed a rat model of MeHg poisoning to evaluate its neurotoxic effectsby focusing on cellular oxidative stress and synaptic Glu disruption. Inaddition, we investigated the neuroprotective role of alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA), a natural antioxidant, todeeply explore the underlying interaction between them. Fifty-six rats wererandomly divided into four groups: saline control, MeHg treatment (4 or 12µmol/kg MeHg), and α-LApre-treatment (35 µmol/kg α-LA+12µmol/kg MeHg). Rats exposed to 12 µmol/kg MeHg induced neuronal oxidativestress, with ROS accumulation and cellular antioxidant system impairment. Nrf2 andxCT pathways were activated with MeHg treatment. The enzymatic or non-enzymaticof cellular GSH synthesis were also disrupted by MeHg. On the other hand, the abnormalactivities of GS and PAG disturbed the "Glu-Gln cycle", leading to NMDARsover-activation, Ca2+ overload, and the calpain activation, which acceleratedNMDARs degradation. Meanwhile, the high expressions of phospho-p44/42 MAPK,phospho-p38 MAPK, phospho-CREB, and the high levels of caspase 3 and Bax/Bcl-2 finallyindicated the neuronal apoptosis after MeHg exposure. Pre-treatment with α-LA significantly preventedMeHg-induced neurotoxicity. In conclusion, the oxidative stress and synapticGlu dyshomeostasis contributed to MeHg-induced neuronal apoptosis. Alpha-LAattenuated these toxic effects through mechanisms of anti-oxidation andindirect Glu dyshomeostasis prevention.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003960

RESUMO

Development of a simple and efficient strategy for improving the catalytic activity of cobalt-based catalysts toward hydrogen evolution from sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is paramount but remains challenging. Here, we reported a facile and efficient approach to tune the catalytic performance for NaBH4 hydrolysis with Co-based catalysts prepared by using cobalt sulfate as a precursor or a mixture of sulfur-containing sodium salts/cobalt salts as a raw material. With the use of cobalt sulfate as the precursor, the CoSO4-doped Co3O4 sample was formed and it exhibited excellent activity with the generation of ∼500 mL of hydrogen gas from NaBH4 hydrolysis under mild conditions. In terms of sulfur-free cobalt salts (e.g., cobalt chloride, cobalt nitrate, and cobalt acetate) as precursors, the obtained Co-based samples were found to be entirely ineffective for hydrogen production. Interestingly, during the cobalt-based catalyst preparation, the introduction of sodium sulfate or sodium sulfide can considerably accelerate hydrogen production. On the contrary, adding sulfur-bearing salts did not inspire any activity improvement only during the hydrogen generation reaction. Control experiments indicate that during catalyst preparation, the presence of Na2SO4 and Na2S is beneficial for the in situ transformation of Co3O4 into catalytically active Co-B alloys, accompanying a positive change in surface morphology during the NaBH4 hydrolysis, thereby inducing an excellent hydrogen generation rate of up to 4425 mL·min-1·gcat-1.

5.
Histochem Cell Biol ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078038

RESUMO

Serine-52 (Ser52) is the major physiologic site of keratin 18 (K18) phosphorylation. Here, we report that serine-52 phosphorylated K18 (phospho-Ser52 K18) accumulated on centrosomes in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Moreover, we found that phospho-Ser52 K18 was located at the proximal end of the mother centriole. Transfection with the K18 Ser52 → Ala (K18 S52A) mutant prevented centriole localization of phospho-Ser52 K18 and resulted in separation of the mother-daughter centrioles. Inhibition of microtubule polymerization led to the disappearance of aggregated phospho-Ser52 K18 on the centrosome; removal of inhibitors resulted in reaccumulation of phospho-Ser52 K18 in microtubule-organizing centers. Transfection with a K18 S52A mutant inhibited microtubule nucleation. These results reveal a cell cycle-dependent change in centrosome localization of phospho-Ser52 k18 and strongly suggest that the phosphorylation status of Ser52 K18 of mother centrioles plays a critical role in maintaining a tight engagement between mother and daughter centrioles and also contributes to microtubule nucleation.

6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 101, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the maximal sectional area (SA) of the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi) muscle and its potential correlation with to be named ligament (TBNL) in the suboccipital area using 3D MR imaging. METHODS: A total of 365 subjects underwent sagittal 3D T2WI MR imaging of the RCPmi and TBNL. Among them, 45 subjects were excluded due to a particular clinical history or poor image quality. Finally, 320 subjects met the inclusion criteria, including 138 men and 182 women. The 624 RCPmi muscles were classified into positive and negative groups according to their attachment to the TBNL. Two experienced radiologists manually measured the maximum SA of the RCPmi muscle on the parasagittal image with a 30° deviation from the median sagittal plane. The correlations between the SA and the subject's age, height, BMI, gender, handedness, and age-related disc degeneration were tested by Spearman analysis. The SA differences between different groups were compared using independent samples t-test. RESULTS: A total of 123 RCPmi-TBNL attachments were identified in the positive group, while 501 RCPmi muscles were identified in the negative group. The SA of the 624 RCPmi muscles was 62.71 ± 28.72 mm2 and was poorly correlated with the subject's age, BMI, or handedness, with no correlation with age-related disc degeneration. A fair correlation was found between the SA and the body height in the whole group, and poor correlation in each male/female group. The SA of the RCPmi muscle in males was significantly bigger than that in women ([75.54 ± 29.17] vs. [52.74 ± 24.07] mm2). The SA of RCPmi muscle in the positive group was significantly smaller than that in the negative group ([55.95 ± 26.76] mm2 vs. [64.37 ± 28.97] mm2). CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed a significantly smaller SA of the RCPmi in subjects with RCPmi-TBNL attachment. Besides, a larger SA of the RCPmi was correlated with the male gender. These findings suggest that the SA of the RCPmi ought to be interpreted with care for each patient since there could be considerable variations.

7.
Life Sci ; 246: 117432, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061867

RESUMO

Our previous studies have shown that prenatal cold stress leads to placental inflammatory response and induces anxiety-like behavior reduced in offspring rats. However, the role and mechanisms by which prenatal cold stress affects offspring remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the metabolic profiles from the maternal serum and helpful in understanding the role and mechanisms by which prenatal cold stress affects the offspring. In this study, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) was used to analyze serum metabolites, and PCA, PLS-DA, and OPLS-DA were performed to analyze changes in metabolites in the maternal serum after cold stress of 3 or 7 days. The results showed that 19 metabolites in the CS (cold stress 7 days)-NS (control) group and 23 metabolites in the CT (cold stress 3 days)-NT (control) group were significantly altered. These metabolites were mainly associated with unsaturated fatty acid synthesis, and arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, and glutamine and glutamate metabolism. The data indicated that prenatal cold stress not only affected the maternal neuroendocrine system, but also affected the immune system, and lipid and amino acid metabolism. These results further supported the findings of our previous studies on the effects of prenatal cold stress on the mother and offspring. A more comprehensive understanding of these data may lead to maternal intervention that can reverse the damage of prenatal stressors.

8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1009, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081882

RESUMO

The MEN1 gene, a tumor suppressor gene that encodes the protein menin, is mutated at high frequencies in neuroendocrine (NE) tumors; however, the biological importance of this gene in NE-type lung cancer in vivo remains unclear. Here, we established an ATII-specific KrasG12D/+/Men1-/- driven genetically engineered mouse model and show that deficiency of menin results in the accumulation of DNA damage and antagonizes oncogenic Kras-induced senescence and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition during lung tumorigenesis. The loss of menin expression in certain human primary lung cancers correlates with elevated NE profiles and reduced overall survival.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18744, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000378

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To the best of our knowledge, there is no consensus on dose-response between smoking, alcohol drinking, and bone healing. The aim of the present study is to conduct a comprehensive systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of studies to estimate the influence of smoking and alcohol use on the success of non-pathologic bone fracture healing in adult patients. METHODS: A systematic search will be performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL, and AMED databases to identify randomized controlled trials and observational studies which have assessed the effect of smoking or alcohol drinking on fracture healing. Primary outcomes include delayed union or nonunion rate and time to union. Secondary outcomes are common complications which occur during bone healing including malunion and wound infection. Risk of bias will be evaluated using the Quality In Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) tool for quality assessment of each study. Dose-response meta-analysis will be performed between smoking, alcohol drinking, and bone healing. Evaluation of the quality of evidence will be conducted using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. RESULTS: The present study will assess the effects of smoking and alcohol drinking on non-pathologic bone fracture healing in adult patients. CONCLUSION: We hope that this systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis will provide high quality evidence on dose-response between smoking, alcohol drinking, and bone fracture healing. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019131454.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas não Consolidadas/etiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 293-300, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957407

RESUMO

It is important to reveal the interspecific association and correlation of main species for deep understanding of fish community structure and function. Based on data collected from the bottom trawl surveys from 2013 to 2017 in the Haizhou Bay and the adjacent waters, we analyzed interspecific association of main species using Chi-square test, Jaccard index, and Spearman rank correlation coefficient. There were consistent results from χ2-test, Jaccard index, and Spearman's rank correlation analysis. The proportion of positively correlated species pairs was high in different years, whereas the number of significant or extremely significant species pairs was low. There were 9, 6, 7, 1, 0 significant or extremely significant species pairs over different years based on Jaccard index. There were 12, 20, 13, 5, 6 significant or extremely significant species pairs over different years based on Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. While there were inter-annual changes in related species pairs, the relationship between significant species pairs was relatively stable, indicating a relatively stable interspecific association in the main fish communities. The species within the same ecological type could replace each other in the niche, which have adapted to environmental changes in Haizhou Bay and its adjacent waters.


Assuntos
Baías , Peixes , Animais , Ecologia , Estações do Ano
11.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown that the short-term efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic radical gastrectomy (LG) is comparable to that of two-dimensional (2D)-LG. Whether 3D-LG affects the recurrence patterns of gastric cancer (GC) patients has not been investigated. METHODS: From January 2015 to April 2016, a total of 419 patients were recruited for a phase III clinical trial (NCT02327481), which compared the short-term outcomes between the 2D and 3D groups. The long-term efficacy including recurrence patterns was compared between the 2D and 3D groups in this retrospective study. Multivariate analyses were performed to determine whether 3D-LG affects the recurrence patterns. RESULTS: Ultimately, 401 patients were analyzed (197 in the 2D-LG group and 204 in the 3D-LG group), and no differences were observed in the clinicopathological data between the two groups. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the recurrence types, first recurrence time or recurrence-free survival (RFS) (all p > 0.05). According to the 7th American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system, both groups were stratified into pathological stages I, II, and III. The stratified analysis showed no significant differences in RFS or overall survival (OS) among patients in each subgroup (all p > 0.05). The multivariate analysis of RFS showed that tumor diameter, pTNM stage, lymphovascular invasion, and adjuvant chemotherapy were independent factors (all p < 0.05). The multivariate analysis of post-recurrence survival (PRS) showed that adjuvant chemotherapy was an independent protective factor (p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: 3D-LG for GC did not differ significantly from 2D-LG in the effects on 3-year recurrence patterns, RFS and OS, which provides more tumor-related evidence for 3D technology. And due to the technological similarity, it may have certain reference value for robotic-assisted gastrectomy. Further multicenter, large-scale clinical trials are warranted.

12.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metastasis to the gastrostomy site in patients with upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) malignancies is a rare but devastating adverse event that has been poorly described. Our aim was to determine the overall incidence and clinicopathological characteristics observed with development of gastrostomy site metastasis in patients with UADT cancers. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of 6,138 studies retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Register after being queried for studies including gastrostomy site metastasis in patients with UADT malignancies. RESULTS: The final analysis included 121 studies. Pooled analysis showed overall event rate gastrostomy site metastasis to be 0.5% (95% CI, 0.4%-0.7%). Subgroup analysis showed an event rate of 0.56% (95% CI, 0.40%-0.79%) with the pull technique and 0.29% (95% CI, 0.15%-0.55%) with the push technique. Clinicopathological characteristics observed with gastrostomy site metastasis included: late stage disease (T3/T4) (57.8%), positive lymph node status (51.2%), and no evidence of systemic disease (M0) (62.8%) at initial presentation. Average time from gastrostomy placement to diagnosis of metastasis was 7.78 ± 4.9 months, average tumor size on detection was 4.65 (SD, 2.02) cm, and average length of survival was 7.26 (SD, 6.23) months. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrostomy site metastasis is a rare, but serious adverse event that occurs at an overall rate of 0.5%, particularly in patients with advanced stage disease, and is observed with a very poor prognosis. These findings emphasize a need for clinical practice guidelines to include a regular assessment of the PEG site and highlight the importance of detection and management of gastrostomy site metastasis by the multidisciplinary care oncology team.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 20, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes play crucial roles in regulating the crosstalk between normal and cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment, and in regulating cancer proliferation, migration and invasion through their cargo molecules. METHODS: We analyzed the pro-invasiveness of exosomal circRNA-100,338 in HCC using the transwell invasion assay. The co-culture of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and exosomes derived from HCC cell lines were used to evaluate the impact of HCC derived exosomes on HUVEC. Nude mice models were used to validate the findings in vitro. Clinically, quantitative RT-PCR was used to quantify the expression of serum exosomal circRNA-100,338 in HCC patients at both pre-surgery within one week and post-surgery within three weeks. RESULTS: We aim to investigate the pro-invasive role of exosomal circRNA-100,338 in HCC metastasis. We for the first time demonstrated that circRNA-100,338 was highly expressed in both highly metastatic HCC cells and their secreted exosomes. The transwell invasion assay showed that the overexpression or knockdown of exosomal circRNA-100,338 significantly enhanced or reduced the invasive abilities of HCC cells. Subsequently, in vitro and in vivo assays showed that exosomal circRNA-100,338 affected the cell proliferation, angiogenesis, permeability, and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation ability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), and tumor metastasis. Furthermore, we also observed that the persistent high expression of exosomal circRNA-100,338 in serum of HCC patients who underwent curative hepatectomy may be a risk indicator of pulmonary metastasis and poor survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that metastatic ability of HCC cells could be enhanced by transferring exosomal circRNA-100,338 to recipient HUVECs, which could affect proangiogenic activity by regulating angiogenesis.

14.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer samples were studied to determine the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and its relationship with prognosis, and to explore the effect and potential mechanism of a PARP inhibitor combined with PD-L1 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of ovarian cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PD-L1 expression in paraffin-embedded tissues of ovarian cancer was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Flow cytometry was used to detect PD-L1 expression in TILs. Furthermore, we investigated the mechanism of the upregulation of PD-L1 expression by PARP inhibitors in vitro and verified the combined effect in vivo. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that PD-L1 expression in ovarian cancer tissues was associated with the FIGO stage (P = 0.026). OS was significantly lower in high PD-L1 expression group than in the low expression group (P = 0.0005, HR = 2.689), PD-L1 high expression (P = 0.023, HR = 2.275) and FIGO stage (P = 0.024, HR = 11.229) were independent risk factors affecting the survival and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. Flow cytometry test suggested that PD-L1+ expression was negatively correlated with CD8+ T cell count in ovarian cancer cells (P = 0.054, r = -0.624). In vitro experiments revealed that PD-L1 expression of ovarian cancer cell lines was upregulated after intervention with PARP inhibitors through the Chk1 pathway. The results of in vivo experiments suggested that the growth volume and quality of tumors in the combination group were significantly lower than those in control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PARP inhibitors could induce upregulation of PD-L1 expression by promoting phosphorylation of chk1. Antagonistic PD-L1 could reverse the inhibitory effect of PARP inhibitors on CD8+T cells, and had synergistic antitumor effect with PARP inhibitors.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(4): 1786-1791, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922738

RESUMO

Self-trapped exciton (STE) emissions derived from inorganic octahedral units make metal halide perovskites promising photoluminescence materials for light-emitting applications. However, there is still little understanding of the intrinsic STE emissions in metal halide perovskites or derivatives with nonoctahedral units. In this work, via high pressure compression, remarkable STE emission enhancement is, for the first time, realized in one-dimensional CsCu2I3 crystals with {CuCl4} tetrahedral units. The intertetrahedral distortion is believed to induce the slight emission enhancement of the ambient phase under initial compression. Notably, the obvious structural distortions of both inter- and intratetrahedra are responsible for the significant emission enhancement of the high pressure phase. This work not only sheds light on the structure-optical property relationships of tetrahedron-based halide complexes, but also may provide guidance for the design and fabrication of highly luminescent metal halides.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 712: 136480, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931206

RESUMO

Overexposure to manganese (Mn) can result in neurotoxicity and is associated with manganism, a Parkinson's-like neurological disorder. In addition, Mn can induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy. In this study, we used C57BL/6 mice to establish a model of manganism and found that Mn could induce cell injury. Our results also showed that Mn could initiate the unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling and autophagy, via initiation of the UPR signaling occurring earlier than autophagy. We further investigated the intrinsic relationship between the endoplasmic reticulum to nucleus 1(ERN1, also known as inositol requiring enzyme 1, IRE1) signaling pathway and autophagy induction in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to Mn. Our results revealed that autophagy activation was a protective response in Mn-induced toxicity. Additionally, we found that Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibition downregulated autophagy and interaction of c-Jun with the Beclin1 promoter. In addition, knockdown of IRE1 with the LV-IRE1 shRNA suppressed the expression of IRE1, TRAF2, p-ASK1, and p-JNK in Mn-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, the expression of proteins associated with ASK1-TRAF2 complex formation and autophagy activation were reversed by the LV-IRE1 shRNA. These findings suggest that IRE1 was involved in the activation of JNK through the formation of the ASK1-TRAF2 complex, and JNK activation led to the induction of autophagy, which required Beclin1 transcription by c-Jun. In this study, we demonstrated that the IRE1 signaling pathway mediated the activation of JNK signaling via the formation of the ASK1-TRAF2 complex which could initiate autophagy and the protein c-Jun which regulates Beclin1 transcription in Mn-induced neurotoxicity.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943604

RESUMO

Constructing single-molecule parallel circuits with multiple conduction channels is an effective strategy to improve the conductance of a single molecular junction, but rarely reported. We present a novel through-space conjugated single-molecule parallel circuit (f-4Ph-4SMe) comprised of a pair of closely parallelly aligned p-quaterphenyl chains tethered by a vinyl bridge and end-capped with four SMe anchoring groups. Scanning-tunneling-microscopy-based break junction (STM-BJ) and transmission calculations demonstrate that f-4Ph-4SMe holds multiple conductance states owing to different contact configurations. When four SMe groups are in contact with two electrodes at the same time, the through-bond and through-space conduction channels work synergistically, resulting in a conductance much larger than those of analogous molecules with two SMe groups or the sum of two p-quaterphenyl chains. The system is an ideal model for understanding electron transport through parallel π-stacked molecular systems and may serve as a key component for integrated molecular circuits with controllable conductance.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 59(3): 1715-1722, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967455

RESUMO

Negative linear compressibility (NLC) is a rare high-pressure observation that lattice contraction is accompanied by the structural expansion along a specific direction. Generally, this counterintuitive phenomenon only derives from the intrinsic structural characteristics of materials and cannot be tuned by external perturbations. Searching for an effective method to control NLC effect is still a challenge in both chemical and material science. Here, we successfully discover and select the NLC behaviors in the metal-organic framework (MOF) of [Cu(4,4'-bpy)2(H2O)2]·SiF6 (Cu(bpy)·SiF) through controlling the pressure conditions therein. The NLC effect of Cu(bpy)·SiF originates from the wine-rack mechanism that quasi-square grids transfer to rhombic ones with the structural expansion along the diagonal direction at high pressure. Meanwhile, both of the pressure range and magnitude of the NLC responses are enlarged with optimized pressure conditions. This study not only presents the intriguing selected NLC behaviors of a MOF but also proves the effects of pressure conditions on NLC, which offers promising strategies for further design and applications of NLC materials.

19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy combined with catheter-directed thrombolysis is one of the most important methods for deep venous thrombosis treatment. Spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma is remarkably rare complication in the thrombolysis process with catastrophic consequences, as shown in this case report. METHODS: Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy, percutaneous angioplasty and catheter-directed thrombolysis were performed for the patient. Postoperatively, the patient was diagnosed with spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma and received a series of medical treatments and surgical interventions. RESULTS: The patient was still paraplegic and incontinent at the postoperative 7-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Neurologic symptoms must be monitored carefully both during and after the thrombolysis procedure. The onset of spinal neurologic deficits in any patient must raise the suspicion that a spinal subdural hematoma has occurred. Surgical decompression beyond 24 hours may cause permanent neurological damage.

20.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917707

RESUMO

Polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) shows histologic diversity with streaming and targetoid features whereas cribriform adenocarcinoma of salivary gland (CASG) demonstrates predominantly cribriform and solid patterns with glomeruloid structures and optically clear nuclei. Opinions diverge on whether CASG represents a separate entity or a variant of PAC. We aimed to assess the level of agreement among 25 expert Head and Neck pathologists in classifying these tumors. Digital slides of 48 cases were reviewed and classified as: PAC, CASG, tumors with ≥50% of papillary architecture (PAP), and tumors with indeterminate features (IND). The consensus diagnoses were correlated with a previously reported molecular alteration. The consensus diagnoses were PAC in 18/48, CASG in16/48, PAP in 3/48, and IND in 11/48. There was a fair interobserver agreement in classifying the tumors (κ=0.370). The full consensus was achieved in 3 (6%) cases, all of which were classified as PAC. A moderate agreement was reached for PAC (κ=0.504) and PAP (κ=0.561), and a fair agreement was reached for CASG (κ=0.390). IND had only slight diagnostic concordance (κ=0.091). PAC predominantly harbored PRKD1 hotspot mutation, whereas CASG was associated with fusion involving PRKD1, PRKD2, or PRKD3. However, such molecular events were not exclusive as 7% of PAC had fusion and 13% of CASG had mutation. In conclusion, a fair to moderate interobserver agreement can be achieved in classifying PAC and CASG. However, a subset (23%) showed indeterminate features and was difficult to place along the morphologic spectrum of PAC/CASG among expert pathologists. This may explain the controversy in classifying these tumors.

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