Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 552: 633-638, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170616

RESUMO

Integrating nanoscale active materials on conductive holey reduced graphene oxide (RGO) framework is an effective strategy to synthesize composite electrode materials for advanced lithium-ion batteries. Herein, a composite of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles stabilized by the engineered holes on RGO was successfully synthesized by using a facile in-situ etching route, which exhibited high lithium storage performance. The fundamental insight of its enhancement mechanism was discussed. This work offers a newly route to synthesize the composite of holey RGO confined metal oxide nanoparticles for the applications in lithium ion batteries and beyond.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 552: 651-658, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173993

RESUMO

In this work, we have firstly achieved the construction of bismuth oxyiodide (Bi5O7I)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/ZnO Z-scheme photoelectrochemical (PEC) system without backward reactions through loading large-area ZnO quantum dots (QDs)/rGO films on Bi5O7I nanosheets. Single-crystal porous Bi5O7I nanosheets with numerous oxygen vacancies (OVs) were firstly fabricated through the calcination of BiOI in reductive glycols. The single-crystal facilitates charge transport, nanoporous structure promotes light absorption and OVs improves charge separation efficiency. As a result, single-crystal porous Bi5O7I nanosheets with OVs exhibited higher PEC performance than other morphologies reported before. Moreover, The PEC activity of Bi5O7I can be further enhanced through loading large-area ZnO QDs/rGO films to construct a pure Z-scheme charge transfer system, which not only achieves efficient separation of electron-hole pairs but also retains its excellent redox ability. To the best of our knowledge, the photocurrent density of Bi5O7I/rGO/ZnO heterostructures is the highest among Bi5O7I-based samples. For comparison, an opposite Z-scheme model has also been built up by replacing Bi5O7I with WO3, in which the photocurrent density decreased conversely. Therefore, it can be known that a pure Z-scheme system without backward reactions can be successfully prepared through loading ZnO QDs/rGO films on photoelectrodes.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 548: 233-243, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004956

RESUMO

A novel and simple approach to preparing hierarchical zinc oxide/reduced graphene oxide (ZnO/RGO@RGO) composite is demonstrated using few-layered graphene oxide (GO) and metal zinc as starting materials following combined processes, including in-situ metal zinc reduction and catalyzed GO deoxygenation. Metal zinc can directly reduce GO sheets in aqueous GO suspension at room temperature to obtain a porous composite precursor (ZnO/RGO) with ZnO nanoparticles anchored on the RGO sheets. Then another RGO protecting layer is directly coated on the ZnO/RGO precursor to obtain the hierarchical ZnO/RGO@RGO composite. In this step, the exposed ZnO nanoparticles on the surface of ZnO/RGO play the role of catalyst to accelerate the deoxygenation of GO from the extra added GO aqueous suspension under mild hydrothermal condition. The reaction mechanism of metal zinc with GO aqueous suspension has been explored and the catalyst role of ZnO has been verified in this work. The prepared ZnO/RGO@RGO composite exhibited both stable cycling performance and good rate capability as anode for lithium-ion batteries. The method to prepare ZnO/RGO composite is economic and eco-friendly, and the ZnO catalyzing GO reduction opens a new approach to prepare graphene derivates.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 537: 366-374, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453230

RESUMO

Twisted PdCu nanochains are synthesized successfully via a staged thermal treatment route, offering rich twin boundaries as catalytic "active sites" and modified electronic effects. Toward formic acid oxidation, the twisted PdCu nanochains hold the highest catalytic peak current density (1108.2 mA mg-1Pd) over previous reported PdCu alloy catalysts, and also much higher catalytic activity and durability comparing with Pd nanochains and commercial Pd/C. The catalytic enhancement mechanism to PdCu nanochains is proposed and discussed. Additionally, we found that the formation of PdCu nanochains follows a typical anisotropic growth approach, and the multiple steps of staged thermal treatment route displays a vital role in fabricating the unique PdCu nanochains while the introduced Cu precursors might affect the reduction rate of Pd species and act as deposition or nucleation sites for twisted structure in terms of rich twin boundaries. This work describes an efficient, low-Pd loading catalyst for electrooxidation of formic acid, and also demonstrates a universal method to fabricate other defect-rich catalysts for broad applications in energy conversion and storage systems and sensing devices.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(10)2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30261632

RESUMO

Ni3S2 nanocrystals wrapped by thin carbon layer and anchored on the sheets of reduced graphene oxide (Ni3S2@C/RGO) have been synthesized by a spray-coagulation assisted hydrothermal method and combined with a calcination process. Cellulose, dissolved in Thiourea/NaOH aqueous solution is chosen as carbon sources and mixed with graphene oxide via a spray-coagulation method using graphene suspension as coagulation bath. The resulted cellulose/graphene suspension is utilized as solvent for dissolving of Ni(NO3)2 and then used as raw materials for hydrothermal preparation of the Ni3S2@C/RGO composites. The structure of the composites has been investigated and their electrochemical properties are evaluated as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The Ni3S2@C/RGO sample exhibits increasing reversible capacities upon cycles and shows a superior rate performance as well. Such kinds of promising performance have been ascribed to the wrapping effect of carbon layer which confines the dislocation of the polycrystals formed upon cycles and the enhanced conductivity as the integration of RGO conductive substrate. Discharge capacities up to 850 and 630 mAh·g-1 at current densities of 200 and 5000 mA·g-1, respectively, are obtained. The evolution of electrochemical performance of the composites with structure variation of the encapsulated Ni3S2 nanocrystals has been revealed by ex-situ TEM and XRD measurements.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 530: 189-195, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982010

RESUMO

Unique and novel Pd4Sn nanochain networks were successfully synthesized with an average diameter of 5 nm, rendering a modified Pd electronic structure with rich defects such as atomic corners, steps or ledges as catalytic active sites for great enhancement of charge transfer and electrode kinetics. The prepared Pd4Sn nanochain networks held an electrochemically active surface area as high as 119.40 m2 g-1, and exhibited higher catalytic activity and stability toward formic acid oxidation compared with Pd3Sn nanochain networks, Pd5Sn nanochain networks, Pd4Sn dendrites and Pd/C. The fundamental insight of the enhancement mechanism is discussed, and this work offers a novel, less expensive but highly active catalyst for direct formic acid fuel cells.

7.
J Biosci ; 42(1): 103-111, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28229969

RESUMO

MicroRNA 144 (miR-144), a small non-coding RNA, is frequently dysregulated in human several tumour progression, but its role and the underlying mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly investigated. In the present study, the expression of miR-144 was firstly analysed in datasets derived from GSE21362 and TCGA, and then detected in HCC tissues and cell lines by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis. MiR-144 was shown to be significantly down-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Subsequently, overexpression of miR-144 was transfected into HCC cell lines so as to investigate its biological function, including MTT, colony formation, and transwell assays. Gain of function assay revealed miR-144 remarkably inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In addition, bioinformatical analysis and luciferase reporter assay identified ZFX as a novel target of miR-144 in HCC cells, as confirmed by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Furthermore, ZFX was found to be significantly up-regulated using Oncomine database analysis. Loss of function assay further indicated knockdown of ZFX had similar effects of miR-144-mediated HCC cell proliferation and invasion. Therefore, miR-144 has been demonstrated to act as a tumour suppressor in HCC cell growth and motility by directly targeting ZFX, which implicates its potential applications in the development of HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/biossíntese , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética
8.
Nanoscale ; 6(2): 986-95, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24287590

RESUMO

In this work, mesoporous carbon-coated LiFePO4 nanocrystals further co-modified with graphene and Mg(2+) doping (G/LFMP) were synthesized by a modified rheological phase method to improve the speed of lithium storage as well as cycling stability. The mesoporous structure of LiFePO4 nanocrystals was designed and realized by introducing the bead milling technique, which assisted in forming sucrose-pyrolytic carbon nanoparticles as the template for generating mesopores. For comparison purposes, samples modified only with graphene (G/LFP) or Mg(2+) doping (LFMP) as well as pure LiFePO4 (LFP) were also prepared and investigated. Microscopic observation and nitrogen sorption analysis have revealed the mesoporous morphologies of the as-prepared composites. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement data demonstrated that the Mg-doped LiFePO4 is a single olivine-type phase and well crystallized with shortened Fe-O and P-O bonds and a lengthened Li-O bond, resulting in an enhanced Li(+) diffusion velocity. Electrochemical properties have also been investigated after assembling coin cells with the as-prepared composites as the cathode active materials. Remarkably, the G/LFMP composite has exhibited the best electrochemical properties, including fast lithium storage performance and excellent cycle stability. That is because the modification of graphene provided active sites for nuclei, restricted the in situ crystallite growth, increased the electronic conductivity and reduced the interface reaction current density, while, Mg(2+) doping improved the intrinsically electronic and ionic transfer properties of LFP crystals. Moreover, in the G/LFMP composite, the graphene component plays the role of "cushion" as it could quickly realize capacity response, buffering the impact to LFMP under the conditions of high-rate charging or discharging, which results in a pre-eminent rate capability and cycling stability.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Grafite/química , Ferro/química , Lítio/química , Magnésio/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Fosfatos/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Íons/química , Porosidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA