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1.
Food Chem ; 400: 133950, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055137

RESUMO

Effect of soluble soybean polysaccharides (SSPS) and acidic condition on the bread staling of crumb and crust were evaluated in bread characteristics, water migration, starch retrogradation, and flavor. Bread characteristic analysis showed SSPS and acidic conditions significantly improved bread quality during storage, maintaining crumb softness. The staling rate of the synergistic group under SSPS and acidic condition decreased by 49.46% compared to the control group. This retardation was associated with water migration and starch retrogradation. SSPS and acidic conditions restricted the water migration from crumb to crust. A synergy between SSPS and acidification restrained the relative crystallinity and retrogradation enthalpy in bread crumbs and crust during storage. The scores plot and heat map analysis indicated SSPS and acidic condition was facilitated the flavors retention in the crumb and crust after stored 7-days. This study suggested SSPS and acidic conditions might be beneficial for extending bread shelf-life.


Assuntos
Pão , Soja , Amido , Triticum , Água
2.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116372, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252327

RESUMO

Although lakes dominated by macrophytes are conducive to ecological balance, this balance is easily disrupted by excessive nutrients flowing into the lake. However, knowledge of whether excessive nutrients lead to different microbial environmental vulnerabilities in the lake sediment between macrophyte-dominated areas and macrophyte-free areas is a prerequisite for the implementation of targeted protection measures. In this study, we investigated bacterial communities in sediments using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. Our results showed that the sources of total nitrogen (TN) and organic matter (OM) were related to the macrophytes. The structure, drivers, and interspecific associations of bacterial community, which were more susceptible to increased changes in TN and OM, differed significantly between macrophyte-dominated areas and macrophyte-free areas. More precisely, the lake edge, where was occupied by macrophytes, had a higher proportion of deterministic phylogenetic turnover (88.89%) than other sites, as well as a wider ecological niche and a tighter network structure. Further, as the difference in TN increased, the main assembly processes in surface sediments changed from stochastic to deterministic. However, the majority of phyla from the lake edge showed a greater correlation with excessive nutrients, and the selection of the community by excessive nutrients was more obvious at the edge of the lake. In addition, our results demonstrated that the stability of the bacterial community in macrophyte-free areas is greater than in macrophyte-dominated areas, while an excessively high deterministic process ratio and nutrient (TN and OM) concentration significantly reduced bacterial community stability at macrophyte-dominated areas. Taken together, these results provide a better understanding of the effects of excessive nutrients derived from macrophytes on bacterial community patterns, and highlight the importance of avoiding the accumulation of TN and OM in macrophyte-dominated areas to enhance the sustainability of the ecosystem after restoration of lakes with macrophytes.


Assuntos
Lagos , Microbiota , Ecossistema , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Nitrogênio , Bactérias/genética , Nutrientes , China , Fósforo
3.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1034211, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330154

RESUMO

The East Friesian sheep is one of the important high-yielding dairy sheep breeds, but still little is known about their genetic and genomic variation during domestication. Therefore, we analyzed the genomic data of 46 sheep with the aim of identifying candidate genes that are closely related to milk production traits. Our genomic data consisted of 20 East Friesian sheep and 26 Asian Mouflon wild sheep. Finally, a total of 32590241 SNPs were identified, of which 0.61% (198277) SNPs were located in exonic regions. After further screening, 122 shared genomic regions in the top 1% of F ST and top 1% of Nucleotide diversity ratio were obtained. After genome annotation, these 122 candidate genomic regions were found to contain a total of 184 candidate genes. Finally, the results of KEGG enrichment analysis showed four significantly enriched pathways (P < 0.05): beta-Alanine metabolism (SMOX, HIBCH), Pathways in cancer (GLI2, AR, TXNRD3, TRAF3, FGF16), Non-homologous end-joining (MRE11), Epstein-Barr virus infection (TRAF3, PSMD13, SIN3A). Finally, we identified four important KEGG enrichment pathways and 10 candidate genes that are closely related to milk production in East Friesian sheep. These results provide valuable candidate genes for the study of milk production traits in East Friesian sheep and lay an important foundation for the study of milk production traits.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323380

RESUMO

Bronchiectasis is a complex and heterogeneous disease with a myriad of pulmonary and extrapulmonary etiologies. Bronchiectasis has a predominantly neutrophilic inflammatory profile. However, eosinophilic inflammation has also been documented in both the airways and the systemic circulation. Various diseases (eg, asthma, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps) characterized by heightened type 2 airway inflammatory responses, including blood or sputum eosinophilia, may coexist with bronchiectasis. Apart from those eosinophilic etiologies or comorbidities related to bronchiectasis, around 20% of patients with bronchiectasis have peripheral eosinophilia (at least 3% or 300 eosinophils/µL) with no identified concomitant disease (also termed "eosinophilic bronchiectasis"), whose roles have not been fully understood. The two key points regarding these observations are that eosinophils confer both bactericidal and antiviral properties against common pathogenic microorganisms that are usually detected in bronchiectasis, and that eosinophilic bronchiectasis has been associated with better therapeutic response to inhaled corticosteroids and other anti-TH2 profile treatments. In this review, we summarize the most significant evidence regarding the role of eosinophils in patients with bronchiectasis, including the association of bronchiectasis with eosinophilic diseases (as etiologies or comorbidities), and existing data on eosinophilic bronchiectasis not related to eosinophilic disorders.

5.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-8, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384395

RESUMO

Feed efficiency makes up a large part of sheep production, which also has a crucial impact on the economic benefits of producers. This study explores the polymorphism of Adenylyl cyclase 8 gene associated with feed efficiency and detects the expression characteristics of ADCY8 in ten tissues of Hu sheep. The polymorphism of ADCY8 was recognized by using PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing, KASPar technology was used for genotyping subsequently, and the relationship between SNP and RFI is also studied. The results indicated that an intronic mutation g.24799148 C > T (rs 423395741) was identified in ADCY8, and association analysis showed that the SNP g.24799148 C > T (rs 423395741) was significantly associated with RFI at 100-120, 100-140, 100-160, and 100-180 days (p < 0.05). The quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) result showed that ADCY8 was expressed in ten tissues, and the expression of ADCY8 gene in rumen tissue was significantly higher than in the other tested tissues. Therefore, these results indicated that the ADCY8 mutation locus may be used as a candidate molecular marker for evaluating the feed efficiency of Hu sheep.

6.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-7, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346056

RESUMO

Growth traits are important economic characteristics of livestock and poultry. In the present study, the expression features of KLF15 and the relationship between KLF15 gene polymorphisms and growth traits in Hu sheep were investigated by using real-time quantitative PCR technology (qPCR), Sanger sequencing, and Kaspar genotyping technology. The qPCR results showed that the KLF15 gene is expressed widely in the tested tissues of Hu sheep, and the expression level of the KLF15 gene in the heart and the muscle was significantly higher than in other tissues (p < 0.05). Missense mutation c.62565119 A > G was found in KLF15, and an association analysis showed that it was correlated with the growth traits (body weight, body height, and body length) of Hu sheep (p < 0.05). The body weight, body height, and body length of the sheep carrying the AA genotype were remarkably higher than those of the GG and AG genotypes (p < 0.05). These results showed that novel polymorphisms at the KLF15 gene can be used as a genetic marker of growth traits of Hu sheep.

7.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 1022101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389233

RESUMO

A key functional effect of intranasal administration of the neuropeptide oxytocin is on top-down control of social attention. However, an oro-mucosal administration route may be better tolerated for chronic therapeutic use and evidence suggests that some functional effects of oxytocin can be mediated via peripheral routes. The current study investigated if oxytocin administered orally using medicated lollipops can both increase blood oxytocin concentrations and influence social attention and state anxiety. In a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial adult male participants received oral oxytocin (24IU) or placebo 30-min before completing a well-established anti-saccade paradigm which can assess treatment effects on both top-down and bottom-up attention. Oxytocin administration modulated top-down social attentional processing by increasing anti-saccade error rates on both social and non-social stimuli although it only increased response latencies for social cues. Anti-saccade errors were also positively associated with the proportionate increase in plasma oxytocin concentrations. A comparison analysis showed that oral oxytocin administration increased blood concentrations to a similar degree as given by lingual spray, although less than when given intranasally. Importantly, attentional and anxiolytic effects of oxytocin in the anti-saccade task were similar across intranasal, lingual, and oral administration routes. These findings demonstrate that oral administration of oxytocin, similar to via intranasal and lingual routes, can modulate top-down social attention and state anxiety and support its potential for therapeutic use. They also provide further evidence that functional effects of exogenously administered oxytocin can be mediated indirectly either by crossing the blood brain barrier or producing receptor mediated vagal stimulation, as opposed to via direct entry into the brain.

8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6911, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376324

RESUMO

Precise understanding of interfacial metal-hydrogen interactions, especially under in operando conditions, is crucial to advancing the application of metal catalysts in clean energy technologies. To this end, while Pd-based catalysts are widely utilized for electrochemical hydrogen production and hydrogenation, the interaction of Pd with hydrogen during active electrochemical processes is complex, distinct from most other metals, and yet to be clarified. In this report, the hydrogen surface adsorption and sub-surface absorption (phase transition) features of Pd and its alloy nanocatalysts are identified and quantified under operando electrocatalytic conditions via on-chip electrical transport measurements, and the competitive relationship between electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction (CO2RR) and hydrogen sorption kinetics is investigated. Systematic dynamic and steady-state evaluations reveal the key impacts of local electrolyte environment (such as proton donors with different pKa) on the hydrogen sorption kinetics during CO2RR, which offer additional insights into the electrochemical interfaces and optimization of the catalytic systems.

9.
Neuropharmacology ; 223: 109331, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amoxicillin has been widely used to treat infectious diseases during pregnancy. Current studies suggest that amoxicillin exposure during pregnancy could lead to developmental disorders in the offspring and increase the incidence of long-term complications such as asthma and kidney damage in adulthood. However, the adverse effects of prenatal amoxicillin exposure (PAmE) including administration stage, doses and courses on fetal hippocampal neurodevelopment and its function in the offspring have not been elucidated. In this study, we intend to investigate the effects of PAmE on fetal hippocampal development and its possible mechanisms. METHOD: Pregnant Kunming mice were given intragastric administration with amoxicillin at different administration stage, doses and courses, and GD (gestational day) 18 offspring hippocampus was collected for morphological and development-related functional assays, and the molecular mechanisms were explored. RESULTS: PAmE induced hippocampal hypoplasia in the offspring with suppressed hippocampal neuronal cell proliferation and impaired neuronal synaptic plasticity comparatively; hippocampal astrocyte and microglia were damaged to varying degrees. The developmental toxicity of PAmE in fetal mices varies by time, dose, and course of treatment. The most severe damage was observed in the late gestation, high dose, and multi-course dosing groups. The significant reduction either in SOX2, an essential gene in regulating neural progenitor cell proliferation, and reduction of genes related to the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway may suggest that the key role of SOX2/Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in impaired hippocampal development in the offspring due to PAmE. CONCLUSION: In this study, PAmE was found to be developmentally toxic to the hippocampus thus to induce developmental damage to various hippocampal cells; Even with current clinically safe doses, potential hippocampal damage to offspring may still present; This study provides a theoretical and experimental basis for guiding the rational usage of drugs during pregnancy and giving effectively assessment of the risk on fetal hippocampal developmental toxicity.

10.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360127

RESUMO

The objective of the current study was to evaluate the feasibility of papery food with Pleurotus eryngii (P. eryngii) as a raw material using the papermaking process. The physical, chemical, structural, and thermal degradation properties were studied as well as the sensory evaluation of the papery food from P. eryngii mycelia (PMP), stems (PSP), caps (PCP), and whole fruiting bodies (PEP). The results indicated that the colors from PSP, PCP, and PEP were clearly different from PMP. Thicker PSP and PMP had a smoother surface and better crispness compared to PCP. Moreover, PSP had better moisture resistance and thermal decomposition performance compared to the other groups. Nutritional composition and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy suggested abundant polysaccharide and protein content in all of the papery food. Finally, sensory evaluation showed that the formability, mouth feel, and overall palatability of PSP and PMP were more popular among consumers. Overall, this study provides a novel method for the preparation of papery food and provides a potential new mechanism for the further development and utilization of the fruiting bodies and mycelium of P. eryngii.

11.
Potato Res ; : 1-20, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275407

RESUMO

Potatoes play an important role in ensuring food security. During the COVID-19 epidemic, consumption of processed potato products decreased, and consumption of fresh potatoes increased. China is the world's largest potato producer with more than 4.81 million hectares of area under potato production and 90.32 million metric tonnes of potatoes produced in 2018. This accounts for 27.36% of the world's planting area and 24.53% of the world's potato production. The proportion of potatoes processed in China was about 12% in 2017, mostly dominated by starch production. However, the recent policy of the Chinese government to popularise potato as a staple food has created new markets for processed potato products other than starch. A very few reports have analysed these future trends of the rapidly growing Chinese potato processing industry and its impact within and outside China. This paper provides an overview of the latest developments with a focus on processed potato products such as potato chips, French fries and dehydrated potatoes, and also, due to the unique Chinese diet culture, it highlights the need for more scientific research dedicated towards the development of novel potato-based healthy foods.

12.
Hum Cell ; 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308681

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly frequent disease occurred during pregnancy. HOXC8 has been disclosed to take part in the regulation of cancers. Additionally, the HOXC8 expression was dramatically decreased in the placenta of pre-eclampsia patients, but its expression and function have not been investigated in GDM. In this work, it was demonstrated that the mRNA and protein expression of HOXC8 was lower in GDM placenta tissues and GDM cell model. In addition, HOXC8 facilitated trophoblast cell proliferation and weakened trophoblast cell mitochondrial apoptosis. HOXC8 enhanced trophoblast cell migration and angiogenesis. Moreover, HOXC8 activated the TGFß1-mediated Notch1 signaling pathway. Results showed that the mRNA and protein expressions of TGFß1 and Notch1 were both lower in the GDM group than that in the NP group. Besides, there were positive correlations among HOXC8, TGFß1 and Notch1. Inhibition of TGFß1 (SB202190 treatment) reversed the effects of HOXC8 on trophoblast cells through modulating cell proliferation, mitochondrial apoptosis, migration and angiogenesis. At last, through in vivo experiments, it was identified that HOXC8 relieved GDM symptoms in vivo. In conclusion, HOXC8 alleviated HG-stimulated damage of trophoblast cells during GDM through activating TGFß1-mediated Notch1 pathway. This discovery may provide a novel and useful bio-target for GDM treatment.

13.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(10)2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298469

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has imposed enormous morbidity and mortality burdens. Patients with rheumatic diseases (RDs) are vulnerable to the COVID-19 infection, given their immunocompromised status. Ensuring acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine is important and has attracted attention by health professionals. In this study, we designed an online cross-sectional survey that used an online questionnaire from 8 May 2021 to 4 October 2021. Attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccination, personal information, current disease activity status, adverse events (AEs), and knowledge sources of vaccines were collected. Descriptive statistics, nonparametric tests, and ordinal logistic regression were used to analyze the data. A total of 1022 questionnaires were received, among which 70.2% (720/1022) of patients with RDs agreed to vaccination, while only 31.6% of patients were actually vaccinated. Male, employed, high-income patients and those with inactive disease showed a more positive attitude. Concerns of AEs and disease flare were the main factors affecting vaccination willingness. Only 29.6% (304/1022) of patients thought they had received enough information about the COVID-19 vaccine from their doctors. In conclusion, most patients with RDs in China intended to get vaccinated, although the vaccination rate in this particular population was low. Rheumatologists should take more responsibility in COVID-19 vaccination education of patients with RDs.

14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6358, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289219

RESUMO

In addition to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, variants of the TNFAIP3 gene encoding the ubiquitin-editing enzyme A20 are also associated with fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, it remains unclear how genetic factors contribute to SSc pathogenesis, and which cell types drive the disease due to SSc-specific genetic alterations. We therefore characterize the expression, function, and role of A20, and its negative transcriptional regulator DREAM, in patients with SSc and disease models. Levels of A20 are significantly reduced in SSc skin and lungs, while DREAM is elevated. In isolated fibroblasts, A20 mitigates ex vivo profibrotic responses. Mice haploinsufficient for A20, or harboring fibroblasts-specific A20 deletion, recapitulate major pathological features of SSc, whereas DREAM-null mice with elevated A20 expression are protected. In DREAM-null fibroblasts, TGF-ß induces the expression of A20, compared to wild-type fibroblasts. An anti-fibrotic small molecule targeting cellular adiponectin receptors stimulates A20 expression in vitro in wild-type but not A20-deficient fibroblasts and in bleomycin-treated mice. Thus, A20 has a novel cell-intrinsic function in restraining fibroblast activation, and together with DREAM, constitutes a critical regulatory network governing the fibrotic process in SSc. A20 and DREAM represent novel druggable targets for fibrosis therapy.


Assuntos
Receptores de Adiponectina , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Animais , Camundongos , Bleomicina , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores de Adiponectina/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Pele/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo
15.
Brain Topogr ; 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315300

RESUMO

Whether sleep deprivation affects aggressive behaviour is still under debate. The present study examined the influence of individual differences in reactive aggressive behaviour after sleep deprivation and preliminarily explored an electrophysiological marker to identify individuals with more aggressive behaviour after sleep deprivation. Thirty participants performed the Taylor Aggression Paradigm task under two sleep conditions: normal sleep (NS, one night of regular sleep) and total sleep deprivation (SD, 30 h of wakefulness), and 5-minute resting-state electroencephalogram (EEG) acquisition was completed under the NS condition. The results found that although sleep deprivation did not have significant effects on aggressive behaviour in the overall analysis, the participants can be classified as an increased group (n = 16) and a no-increased group (n = 14) by different changes in the two sleep conditions (SD-NS). In addition, prefrontal gamma (γ) power was significantly lower in the increased group than in the no-increased group, which may reflect the difference in ability on inhibition. Furthermore, more critical is that γ power was significantly negatively correlated with change in the reactive aggressive behaviour. These results indicate that the effect of SD on reactive aggression varies between individuals, and prefrontal γ power may be an effective electrophysiological marker for identifying people at risk of aggressive behaviour after SD.

16.
BMJ Open ; 12(10): e062992, 2022 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316066

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The increasing ageing population has become a substantial challenge for both healthcare and social services in many Asian countries. There is a high incidence of chronic diseases and comorbidities in older populations, leading to impairments and functional disability. Functional disability may result in loss of independence, reduced quality of life and increased care needs. Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) provides rehabilitation to improve physical, mental and social outcomes. However, there is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of CBR for improving older adults' physical fitness. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesise the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions delivered by CBR centres on physical fitness of community-dwelling older adults in Asian countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A search on four English databases (CINAHL, Medline, Scopus and Proquest) and two Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Internet and Wanfang Database) will be conducted from inception to 15 November 2021. Both English and Chinese publications will be included. Studies conducted in Asian countries using either experimental or quasi-experimental designs, with any type of control group, will be included. The primary outcomes are physical fitness (capacity to perform activities and tasks). Secondary outcomes are performance of activities of daily living and health-related quality of life. The quality of all included studies will be assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute standardised critical appraisal tools. Two reviewers will independently complete study screening, selection, quality appraisal and data extraction. Quantitative data where possible will be pooled in statistical meta-analysis. All statistical analyses will be performed using Review Manager (Rev Man) V.5.3 software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required for this review. Findings of the review will be disseminated electronically through a peer-reviewed publication and conference presentations. This review will provide high-quality evidence for CBR in Asian countries with growing ageing populations. Clinical and research recommendations will provide guidance for policy makers and clinical programmes in Asian healthcare systems. Findings will also inform healthcare systems in other countries that use CBR. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021292088.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Vida Independente , Humanos , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida , Centros de Reabilitação , Aptidão Física , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Metanálise como Assunto
17.
Biomaterials ; 290: 121842, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206665

RESUMO

Hydrogels loaded with ampicillin, vancomycin or other antibiotics are one of the most widely used therapeutic agents for keratitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. However, emergence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) makes infections harder to be treated by antibiotic-based hydrogels, urging the development of novel antibacterial materials. Inspired by mammalian ferroptosis, we determined the bactericidal effects of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) on S. aureus, and evaluated the therapeutic potential of FeSO4-loaded hydrogel in a mouse keratitis model. The results showed that FeSO4 facilitated ferroptosis-like cell death in S. aureus with the key characteristics of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and lipid peroxidation. Notably, FeSO4 also efficiently killed persisters and MRSA, and eliminated biofilms of S. aureus. RNA profiles demonstrated that ferroptosis-related genes were significantly up-regulated, and the genes responsible for cell wall and cell membrane biosynthesis were down-regulated after exposure to Fe2+, supporting the occurrence of ferroptosis and cell lysis. We further prepared a FeSO4-loaded hydrogel by using hyaluronic acid (HA) and ascorbate. The FeSO4 hydrogel has the characteristics of injectability, self-healing, uniform distribution of Fe2+ in the three-dimensional gel structure, appropriate fluidity, high-water retention, high efficacy to kill MRSA, and excellent biocompatibility. In a mouse keratitis model, we showed that treatment of animals with FeSO4 hydrogel led to a rapid recovery of from keratitis, prevented the dissimilation of MRSA to the lung, and alleviated systemic inflammation, demonstrating the therapeutic potential of FeSO4 hydrogel. Taken together, our results indicated that FeSO4 hydrogel is a promising alternative to current antibiotics-dependent therapeutic materials for the treatment of infections by MRSA.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Ceratite , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Camundongos , Animais , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/fisiologia , Hidrogéis/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Ceratite/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/química , Mamíferos
18.
J Intell ; 10(4)2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36278610

RESUMO

In order to meet industrial demands, some colleges and universities have offered interdisciplinary programs that integrate design, engineering, and business. However, how many changes these programs have brought to students, and whether students participating in these programs have had better interdisciplinary ability than students involved in a single discipline study have always been questions that many researchers want to explore. In a university that offers an interdisciplinary program, we found that there is no significant difference in interdisciplinary integration ability between the students participating in the interdisciplinary program and the students involved in a single discipline study through quantitative comparisons of 91 student questionnaires and analyses of interviews with nine teachers of interdisciplinary courses and other related staff members. This may result from the students' lack of motivation, lack of prior experience, the influence of individual traits, the increase of learning pressure and academic burden, and the interference of disciplinary factors during interdisciplinary learning. The research finding is intended to improve student interdisciplinary learning effectiveness by facilitating interdisciplinary teachers' understanding of the influencing factors of student interdisciplinary learning, and by providing a reference for interdisciplinary teaching design.

19.
Appl Opt ; 61(13): 3589-3597, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256397

RESUMO

To reduce the output power ununiformity mainly caused by the exponential attenuation of pump power in a distributed feedback fiber laser (DFB FL) sensor array, a power equalization method based on array structure optimization is proposed. By analyzing the influencing factors of the output power flatness of the array, an output power prediction model of a DFB FL wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) array is established, and the standard deviation coefficient of the output power is proposed as the main evaluating indicator for assessing the output power flatness. An array structure optimization scheme based on the simulated annealing algorithm is designed, and the optimized array structure of the 64-element DFB FL sensor array is achieved. The results show that the power fluctuation of the optimized array is significantly reduced from universal 5-10 dB to smaller than 2.6 dB, while the performance of the DFB FL sensor array is improved with better noise floor and increased multiplexing capacity, as well as improved array design efficiency.

20.
Anim Reprod ; 19(3): e20220038, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189166

RESUMO

Photoperiod is an important environmental factor affecting animal physiological function. Melatonin is an endogenous hormone that plays an important role in circadian and seasonal (or cyclical) rhythms and seasonal reproduction in mammals. To investigate the effects of melatonin on the reproductive performance of adult male mice under different photoperiods, sixty mice were randomly allotted to six groups: control (Light Dark, 12 L:12 D), control plus melatonin (MLD, 12 L:12 D), 24-hour continuous light (LL, 24 L:0 D), 24-hour continuous light plus melatonin (MLL 24 L:0 D), constant darkness (DD, 0 L:24 D), and constant darkness plus melatonin (MDD, 0 L:24 D). Normal saline (100 µL) was injected into the LD, LL, and DD groups at noon each day; the MLD, MLL, and MDD groups were injected with melatonin (1 mg/mL; 2 mg/kg·body weigh). After 24 hours of prolonged light exposure, testis morphology decreased, convoluted seminiferous tubules became sparse, the diameter of convoluted seminiferous tubules decreased, and the level of sex hormones decreased. After the administration of exogenous melatonin, testicular morphology and sex hormone levels decreased in the MLD group under normal light conditions. In the MLL group, the testicular tissue morphology returned to normal, the diameter of convoluted tubules increased, the hormone levels of LH (Luteinizing hormone) and MTL (melatonin) significantly increased (P<0.05), and th0e gene expressions of LHß and Mtnr1A (Melatonin receptors 1A) increased. There was almost no difference in the MDD group under continuous darkness. In conclusion, melatonin can damage the reproductive performance of male mice under normal light conditions, while exogenous melatonin can alleviate and protect the testicular injury of male mice under continuous light conditions.

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