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1.
Cells ; 11(7)2022 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406650

RESUMO

Autophagy is a conserved process that delivers cytoplasmic components to the vacuole/lysosome. It plays important roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis and conferring stress resistance. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, autophagy is important for cell survival under nutrient depletion and ER stress conditions. Experimental analyses of fission yeast autophagy machinery in the last 10 years have unveiled both similarities and differences in autophagosome biogenesis mechanisms between fission yeast and other model eukaryotes for autophagy research, in particular, the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. More recently, selective autophagy pathways that deliver hydrolytic enzymes, the ER, and mitochondria to the vacuole have been discovered in fission yeast, yielding novel insights into how cargo selectivity can be achieved in autophagy. Here, we review the progress made in understanding the autophagy machinery in fission yeast.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe , Schizosaccharomyces , Autofagia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Schizosaccharomyces/metabolismo , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/metabolismo
2.
Arch Med Sci ; 18(2): 422-431, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316902

RESUMO

Introduction: The present study aims to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of elite biopsy, to provide a reference for selecting the puncture method. Material and methods: A total of 802 patients with a BI-RADS grade ≥ 4, as evaluated by the molybdenum target, and measurable lesions revealed by colour Doppler ultrasound, who were admitted at our department from January 2017 to January 2018, were enrolled in the present study. These patients were randomly divided into three groups: elite, Mammotome and core needle biopsy groups. The pathological underestimation rate, diagnostic accordance rate, haematoma incidence rate, and costs of these three biopsy methods were compared. Results: The difference in diagnostic accordance rates between the elite biopsy group and core needle biopsy group was statistically significant (98.9% vs. 94.7%, p = 0.003), as well as between the Mammotome biopsy group and core needle biopsy group (99.6% vs. 94.7%, p < 0.001). The difference in pathological underestimation rates between the elite biopsy group and core needle biopsy group was statistically significant (7.2% vs. 37.3%, p < 0.001), as well as between the Mammotome biopsy group and core needle biopsy group (1.6% vs. 7.2%, p < 0.001). The difference between the Mammotome biopsy group and elite biopsy group was not statistically significant. The incidence of haematoma in the Mommotome, elite, and core needle groups was 15.9%, 13%, and 21.7%, respectively (13% vs. 21.7%, p = 0.021). Conclusions: Elite biopsy has a low rate of pathological underestimation and low incidence of haematoma, can improve the breast conserving rate, and has an affordable cost. As a biopsy method with high accuracy, safety, and economy, elite biopsy can be widely used in clinics.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 38: 102830, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341979

RESUMO

Cancer remains a health-related concern globally. The application of light to be used as therapeuticagent including cancer has been used for several thousand years. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a modern, non-invasive therapeutic modality for the treatment of various cancers and infections by bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Mitochondria are subcellular, double-membrane organelles that have a role in cancer and anticancer therapy. Mitochondria play a key role in regulation of apoptosis and these organelles produce most of the cell's energy which enhance its targeting objective. The role of mitochondria in anticancer approach is achieved by targeting its metabolism (glycolysis and TCA cycle) and apoptotic and ROS homeostasis. The role of mitochondria-targeted cancer therapies in photodynamic therapy have proven to be more effective than other similar non-targeting techniques. Particularly in PDT, mitochondria-targeting sensitizers are important as they have a crucial role in overcoming the hypoxia factor, resulting in high efficacy. IR-730 and IR-Pyr are the indocyine derivatives photosensitizers that play a crucial role in targeting mitochondria because of their better photostability during laser irradiation. Clinical and pre-clinical trials are going on this approach to target different solid tumors using mitochondrial targeted photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico
4.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(3): 232, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222709

RESUMO

Sorafenib is currently used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the development of chemoresistance to sorafenib is a major limitation for sorafenib-based therapy in patients with HCC. In the present study, the effect of the combination therapy of sorafenib and wh-4 on the proliferation of liver cancer cells was investigated. The results showed that sorafenib with wh-4 additively suppressed the proliferation of liver cancer cells. The colony formation of liver cancer cells decreased significantly in response to the combination treatment of sorafenib with wh-4, and it also induced the apoptosis of liver cancer cells. Western blot analysis demonstrated decreased expression of Bcl2, and increased expression of Bax in liver cancer cells treated with a combination of sorafenib and wh-4. Moreover, the migration of liver cancer cells was inhibited. The combination treatment of sorafenib with wh-4 reduced the expression levels of ABCB1 and ABCG2 which are responsible for resistance. Finally, STAT3 overexpression abolished the proliferation inhibition effect of sorafenib with wh-4 on liver cancer cells, and sorafenib and wh-4 suppressed the proliferation of liver cancer cells by STAT3 pathway. Together, these results suggest that sorafenib-wh4 combination treatment is a potential novel therapeutic approach to suppress the proliferation of liver cancer cells.

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(12): 4195-4202, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951260

RESUMO

Subalpine meadow is extremely sensitive to climate change. Few studies, however, focused on the responses of subalpine meadow to climatic factors in subtropical regions. It is still a challenge to extract the biophysical parameters from optical remote sensing imagery during the growing season. Based on the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) time series dataset from the MOD13Q1 vegetation index products and meteorological data, we analyzed the changes of vegetation growth of subalpine meadow at Huanggang Mountain in the top of Wuyishan National Park from 2000 to 2019, its responses to climate factors and the time lag effects. The results showed that NDVI in summer increased insignificantly during 2000-2019, and that NDVI in the growing season, spring, and autumn increased significantly. The enhancement of NDVI was mainly contributed by the increasing temperature (0.026 ℃·a-1) from 2000 to 2019. The increasing temperature in spring and autumn influenced meadow growth more than that in summer and growing season. NDVI of the growing season in subalpine meadow was sensitive to precipitation,indicating that the growth of subalpine meadow was strongly affected by precipitation even in the subtropical region with sufficient precipitation. Temperature and precipitation in different growth periods had different time lag effects on the NDVI of subalpine meadowo. The time lag effects of temperature on subalpine meadow were 0-1 month, and that of precipitation were 2-3 month.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pradaria , China , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(5): 706-715, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728031

RESUMO

Objective To establish a human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU resistant to 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and explore the relationship between runt-related transcription factor 3(RUNX3)and drug resistance of colorectal cancer.Methods The human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU with resistance to 5-FU was established by low concentration gradient increment combined with high-dose intermittent shock.CCK-8 method was used to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC50)of 5-FU on the parent line HCT-116 and drug-resistant line HCT-116/5-FU.The cell growth curve was established for the calculation of population doubling time(TD).The mRNA levels and protein levels of RUNX3,P-glycoprotein(P-gp),multidrug resistance-associated protein 1(MRP1),and lung resistance-related protein(LRP)in HCT-116 and HCT-116/5-FU cells were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blotting,respectively.The RUNX3 expression in HCT-116 cells was knocked down by siRNA technique,and the cells were divided into RUNX3 knockdown groups(si-RUNX3-1 group and si-RUNX3-2 group)and negative control group(si-NC group).The knockdown efficiency was verified by qRT-PCR at the mRNA level and Western blotting at the protein level.The IC50 in si-RUNX3 groups and si-NC group was determined with CCK-8 method,and the expression of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP in the two groups was detected by Western blotting.Results A stable human colon cancer drug-resistant cell line HCT-116/5-FU was successfully constructed.HCT-116/5-FU showed the TD 1.38 times as long as that of HCT-116(P=0.002)and changed morphology.The mRNA level of RUNX3 in HCT-116/5-FU cells was significantly lower than that in HCT-116 cells(P=0.048),and those of P-gp(P=0.008),MRP1(P=0.001),and LRP(P=0.001)showed the opposite trend.The protein level of RUNX3 in HCT-116/5-FU cells was significantly lower than that in HCT-116(P<0.001),and those of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP presented the opposite trend(all P<0.001).The HCT-116 cell model with low expression of RUNX3 was successfully established.The mRNA level of RUNX3 had no significant difference between si-RUNX3-1 group and si-NC group(P=0.064),while the level in si-RUNX3-2 group was significantly lower than that in si-NC group(P=0.034).The protein levels of RUNX3 in si-RUNX3-1 group and si-RUNX3-2 group were lower than that in si-NC group(both P<0.001).The results demonstrated higher knocking efficiency in si-RUNX3-2 group,which was thus selected to complete the follow-up test.The IC50 of si-RUNX3 group was significantly higher than that of si-NC group(P<0.001),which indicated that the down-regulated expression of RUNX3 could reduce the sensitivity of HCT-116 cells to 5-FU.The relative protein levels of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP in si-RUNX3 group were significantly higher than those in si-NC group(all P<0.001).Conclusion The down-regulation of RUNX3 expression can reduce the sensitivity of HCT-116 cells to 5-FU,which is considered to be related to the up-regulated expression of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Fator 3 de Transcrição , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Humanos
7.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1322, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630676

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC), which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, is a chronic intestinal disorder of multifactorial etiology. Numerous studies have indicated an association between UC and intestinal bacteria. However, a limited number of studies regarding the expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) in association with intestinal bacteria have been performed. The aim of the current study was to investigate the gut microbiota alterations in patients with UC, at a number of taxonomic levels, and their relationship with intestinal inflammation by analyzing the protein expression of IL-17 and IL-23. Specimens were collected from 10 healthy controls and 16 patients with UC. A histological examination was performed in colonic tissues, IL-17 and IL-23 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry, fecal samples were sequenced using 16S rDNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis was performed. The UC group exhibited an increased histological score (P<0.01) and upregulated IL-17 and IL-23 expression (P<0.01). At the order level, the bacterial diversity of the UC group was decreased. ß-diversity analyses, including principal component analysis, principal coordinate analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling, demonstrated that the two groups of samples were separated into two taxonomic categories, as distinct variations were observed in the analysis of group differences (P=0.001). Regarding the differences in species composition between the groups, Enterococcus was indicated to be the species with the greatest difference in abundance compared with the healthy control group (P<0.01), followed by Lactobacillus (P<0.05), Escherichia-Shigella (P<0.05), Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides. In addition, the average optical density of IL-17 was positively correlated with the histological score (ρ=0.669; P=0.035), Enterococcus (r=0.843; P<0.001), Lactobacillus (r=0.737; P=0.001), Bifidobacterium (r=0.773; P<0.001) and Escherichia-Shigella (r=0.663; P=0.005), and the average optical density of IL-23 was positively correlated with the histological score (ρ=0.733; P=0.016), Enterococcus (r=0.771; P<0.001), Lactobacillus (r=0.566; P=0.022), Bifidobacterium (r=0.517; P=0.041) and Escherichia-Shigella (r=0.613; P=0.012). The results of the present study indicated that the intestinal microbiota of patients with UC differed from that of healthy controls at multiple taxonomic levels. The alterations of the intestinal microflora were closely associated with the degree of inflammation. The IL-23/IL-17 axis, as a key factor in the development of UC, maybe associated with the alterations of intestinal microflora. The interaction between intestinal microflora and the IL-23/IL-17 axis may serve an important role in the pathogenesis of UC.

8.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 125-134, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672149

RESUMO

Objective: The new theory of holistic integrative physiology and medicine, which describes the integrative regulation of respiratory, circulatory and metabolic systems in human body, generates the hypothesis of that breath is the origin of variability of circulatory parameters. We investigated the origin of heart rate variability by analyzing relationship between the breath and heart rate variability (HRV) during sleep. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 8 normal subjects (NS) and 10 patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (CDs-no-SA). After signed the informed consent form, they performed cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in Fuwai Hospital and monitored polysomnography (PSG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) during sleep since 2014. We dominantly analyzed the correlation between the respiratory cycle during sleep and the heart rate variability cycle of the ECG R-R interval. The HRV cycle included the HR increase from the lowest to the highest and decrease from the highest to the lowest point. The number of HRV (HRV-n), average HRV time and other parameters were calculated. The breath cycle included complete inhalation and subsequent exhalation. The number of breath (B-n), average breath time and other breath parameters were analyzed and calculated. We analyzed each person's relationship between breath and HRV; and the similarities and differences between the NS and CDs-no-SA groups. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis, with P<0.05. Results: CPET core parameter such as Peak VO2 (83.8±8.9)% in NS were significantly higher than that (70.1±14.9)% in patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (P<0.05), but there was no difference between their AHI (1.7±1.3) in NS and AHI (2.9±1.2) in CDs-no-SA (P>0.05). The B-n and the HRV-n (6581.63±1411.90 vs 6638.38±1459.46), the average B time and the average HRV time (4.19±0.57)s vs (4.16±0.62)s in NS were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The comparison of the numbers in CDs-no-SA were the number (7354.50±1443.50 vs 7291.20±1399.31) and the average times ((4.20±0.69)s vs (4.23±0.68)s) of B and HRV were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The ratios of B-n/HRV-n in NS and CDs-no-SA were (0.993±0.027 vs 1.008±0.024) and both were close to 1 and similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The average magnitude of HRV in NS ((5.74±3.21) bpm) was significantly higher than that in CDs-no-SA ((2.88±1.44) bpm) (P<0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the functional status of NS and CDs-no-SA, there is a similar consistency between B and HRV. The origin of initiating factors of HRV is the respiration.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono
9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 135-141, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672150

RESUMO

Objective: Based on the hypothesis that respiration causes variability of circulatory indicators proposed by the holistic integrated physiology and medicine theory, the correlation between respiration and heart rate variability during sleep in chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing is analyzed. Methods: Eleven chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 times/hr are recruited. After signing the informed consent, they completed the standardized symptomatic restrictive extreme exercise cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and sleep breathing monitoring Calculate and analyze the rules of respiratory nasal airflow and ECG RR interval heart rate variability during the oscillatory breathing (OB) phase and the normal steady breathing phase of the patient during sleep, and use the independent sample t test to compare with normal people and no sleep breathing abnormalities in the same period in this laboratory. Of patients with chronic diseases are more similar and different. Results: The peak oxygen uptake and anaerobic threshold (AT) of CPET in chronic patients with abnormal sleep apnea were (70.8±13.6)% Pred and (71.2±6.1)% Pred; 5 cases of CPET had exercise induced oscillatory breathing (EIOB), 6 An example is unstable breathing, which indicates that the overall functional status is lower than normal. In this group of patients with chronic diseases, AHI (28.8±10.0) beats/h, the ratio of the total time of abnormal sleep breathing to the total time of sleep (0.38±0.25); the length of the OB cycle (51.1±14.4)s. The ratio (Bn/HRV-B-n) of the number of breathing cycles in the normal and steady breathing period to the number of heart rate variability cycles in this group of patients with chronic diseases is 1.00±0.04, and the CV (SD of HRV-B-M/x) is (0.33 ±0.11), blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) did not decrease significantly, the average amplitude of heart rate variability (HRV-B-M) of each respiratory cycle rhythm was (2.64±1.59) bpm, although it was lower than normal people (P<0.05) , But it was similar to chronic patients without sleep apnea (P>0.05). In this group of patients with chronic diseases, the ratio of the number of respiratory cycles to the number of heart rate variability cycles (OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n) during OB is (1.22±0.18), and the average amplitude of heart rate variability for each respiratory cycle rhythm in OB (OB -HRV-B-M) is (3.56±1.57)bpm and its variability (OB-CV = SD of OB-HRV-B-M/x) is (0.59±0.28), the average amplitude of heart rate variability in each OB cycle rhythm (OB-HRV-OB-M) is (13.75±4.25)bpm, SpO2 decreases significantly during hypoventilation during OB, and the average decrease in SpO2 during OB (OB-SpO2-OB-M) is (4.79±1.39)%. The OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n ratio, OB-HRV-OB-M and OB-SpO2-OB-M in the OB period are all significantly higher than the corresponding indicators in the normal stable breathing period Large (P<0.01). Although OB-HRV-B-M has no statistically significant difference compared with HRV-B-M in normal stable breathing period (P>0.05), its variability OB-CV is significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: The heart rate variability of chronic patients with abnormal sleep breathing in the OB phase is greater than that of the normal stable breathing period. When the breathing pattern changes, the heart rate variability also changes significantly. The number of breathing cycles in the stable breathing period is equal to the number of heart rate variability cycles.The ratio is the same as that of normal people and chronically ill patients without sleep apnea, confirming that heart rate variability is respiratory origin; and the reduction of heart rate variability relative to the respiratory cycle during OB is directly caused by hypopnea or apnea at this time, and heart rate variability is also breathing source.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Polissonografia , Respiração
10.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 154-161, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672153

RESUMO

Objective: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) was used to investigate the exercise pathophysiology of mitral regurgitation. Methods: 26 patients with moderate and severe mitral regurgitation who completed standardized extreme exercise CPET under strict quality control after signing informed consent since 2016, and 11 normal subjects in the same period as the control group. The core indexes of CPET were analyzed and calculated according to the standard method and compared with normal subjects for intergroup statistical independent sample t-test. At the same time, the patients with heart failure and exercise oscillation breathing (OB) were divided into two subgroups: 11 cases without heart failure, 15 cases with heart failure, 8 cases with non-OB and 18 cases with OB, and their similarities and differences were compared between each subgroup. Results: The core indexes of CPET, such as peak oxygen uptake (85.60 ±9.06)%pred and anaerobic threshold (AT, (87.59 ±15.38)%pred) were normal. The peak oxygen uptake of CPET in patients with mitral regurgitation was (48.15 ±12.11)%pred, peak oxygen pulse was (66.57 ±12.20)%pred, AT was (56.75 ±11.50)%pred, oxygen uptake efficiency plateau was (88.24 ±16.42)%pred , lowest value of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (125.89 ±27.05)%pred and slope of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (128.31 ±31.68)%pred. Among them, only oxygen uptake efficiency plateau (OUEP) was normal and low, and the other indexes were significantly abnormal. There were significant differences between the patients and the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the non-OB group and the OB group, but there was significant difference between the non-OB group and the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the heart failure group, but there was significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the control group. Conclusion: All the core indexes of cardiopulmonary exercise are significantly abnormal in patients with mitral regurgitation who are significantly lower than those in normal subjects except for the low effectiveness of oxygen ventilation. And with or without heart failure and OB did not affect the cardiopulmonary function.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Exercício Físico , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Relatório de Pesquisa
11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 177-188, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672156

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and changes after a single individualized exercise in patients with long-term chronic diseases. Methods: We selected 16 patients with chronic disease (disease duration ≥5 years) who have been clearly diagnosed as hypertension and/or diabetes and/or hyperlipemia, and first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Then a single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30 min after exercise, then obtained each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E). The raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1, ΔYPL, ΔYP2, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1, S2 ,ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators. Then calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest. Finally we analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each patient before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 patients with long-term chronic diseases (males 14, females 2), ages (53.7±12.6, 28~80) years old, height (171.7±6.6, 155~183) cm, body weight (80.0±13.5, 54~98) kg. 2YB (91.5±10.8, 71.1~108.6), YP1 (203.6±24.7, 162.7~236.3), YPL (127.1±6.2, 118.2~140.3), YP2 (125.9±6.2, 115.7~137.7), TP1 ( 137.2±22.3, 103.0~197.1), TPL (368.7±29.5, 316.3~434.0), TP2 (422.7±32.8, 376.9~494.7), TE (883.4±95.0, 672.2~1003.3), ΔYP1 (112.1±33.8, 60.3~ 157.5), ΔYPL (35.5±14.2, 17.5~66.2), ΔYP2 (34.4±13.3, 20.0~62.9), TE-TPL (514.6±85.4, 341.4~621.9), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.4±0.2, 1.0~1.7), pulse rate (68.8±8.4, 59.8~89.3), S1 (0.9±0.3, 0.4~1.4), S2 (0.0±0.0, -0.1~0.0), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (-1.2±2.6,- 6.5 ~ 2.5), TP2-TPL (54.0 ± 10.8, 33.6 ~ 81.1). ③10min after exercise, YB, YPL, YP2, TPL, TE decreased, YP1 increased. ΔYPL, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL decreased, and ΔYP1, pulse rate, S1, ΔYP2-ΔYPL, TP2 -TPL increased (all P<0.05). The change trend of pulse wave at 20min and 30min after exercise was consistent with that at 10min after exercise, but most indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise from 10 min. ④The appearance rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest in 16 patients with long-term chronic disease at rest was 28.6%, and the appearance rate of 10 min (65.7%), 20 min (77.1%), 30 min (73.7%) after exercise was significantly increased (all P< 0.01). In 6 patients, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks after exercise was significantly increased, and it could continue until 30 minutes. In 3 patients, the incidence increased significantly 10 minutes after exercise, and began to decrease at 20 minutes. In 1 patient, the rate of appearance only started to increase 20 minutes after exercise. In 2 patients, the incidence increased 10 minutes after exercise and then decreased. In 1 patient, the rate of occurrence increased briefly 20 minutes after exercise and then decreased. The incidence of 1 patient dropped after exercise and began to rise at 20 minutes. In 2 cases, the incidence rate did not increase after exercise, and it increased slightly after 30 minutes. Conclusion: In patients with long-term chronic diseases, the radial artery pulse wave is short and the dicrotic wave is not obvious or even disappears. After a single precise power exercise, the main wave increases, the position of the dicrotic wave decreases, and the amplitude increases. The specific response should be analyzed individually.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 208-218, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672160

RESUMO

Objective: Under the guidance of the new theory of holistic integrated physiology and medicine, the effect of individualized accurate exercise program on the overall functional state was studied according to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Methods: Li xx, female, 31 years old, has a fast heart rate since childhood (90~100 bpm), usually feel cold, especially in autumn and winter, and general health good. CPET was performed after signing the informed consent form at Fuwai Hospital in September 2019. Peak oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold (AT), and peak cardiac output were (69~72)% pred, respectively, and the oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency were basically normal (96~100)% pred. The resting heart rate was fast, the blood pressure was low, the blood pressure response was weak during exercise, and the heart rate was mainly increased. The holistic integrated physiology medical theory pointed out that she was in weak health and heart weakness was the main manifestation. CPET was used to guide individualized precise exercise intensity titration, combine continuous beat-by-beat blood pressure, ECG, pulse and blood glucose dynamic monitoring to formulate an holisticplan of individualized quantitative exercise .Reexamine CPET after 8 weeks' strengthening management. Results: After 8 weeks of intensive holistic management, the limbs were warm and the cold symptoms disappeared. Re-examination of CPET peak oxygen uptake, AT and peak cardiac output were (90~98)% pred, which increased by (30~36)% respectively, and the holistic weak functional status was significantly improved; basically normal oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency also increased by (10~37)% respectively; resting heart rate and blood pressure basically returned to normal, and blood pressure and heart rate response during exercise were normal. Continuous ambulatory blood glucose monitoring indicated that the average blood glucose level decreased slightly and became more stable. Repeated measurement results of continuous ECG and beat-to-beat blood pressure also indicated a decrease in heart rate and an increase in blood pressure during rest, exercise and during sleep, and radial pulse wave. The amplitude of the dicrotic wave increases and becomes more pronounced. Conclusion: The new theoretical system to guide CPET to formulate an holistic plan for individualized precision exercise can safely and effectively enhance myocardial contractility, increase stroke volume, increase blood pressure, lower heart rate, stabilize and slightly lower blood glucose, and improve holistic functional status.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Criança , Feminino , Estado Funcional , Humanos
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672458

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and the pulse wave changes after a single individualized exercise in young healthy normal subjects. Methods: We selected 16 young healthy graduate students, advanced training doctors, and visiting scholars from Fuwai Hospital without any disease diagnosis and low daily exercise. They first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). A single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50 s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30min after exercise, let the instrument automatically fix the point and then manually recheck to obtain each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E), and the raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1 (YP1-YB), ΔYPL (YPL-YB), ΔYP2 (YP2-YB), TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1 (the slope of main wave ascending branch), S2 (the slope of dicrotic ascending branch), ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators; defined the dicrotic wave with obvious crest as YP2>YPL, and calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest (number of waveforms with YP2>YPL in 50 s /total number of waveforms×100%). We analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each subject before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 healthy young subjects (males 10, females 6), age (30.6±6.4, 24~48) years old; height (170.4±8.2, 160~188) cm; body mass (63.9±12.8, 43~87) kg. ②YB (87.2±5.8, 78.1~95.9), YP1 (223.5±15.8, 192.7~242.3), YPL (122.8±7.8, 110.0~133.8), YP2 (131.4±4.9, 116.7~137.5), TP1 (126.2±42.2, 94.2~280.0), TPL (360.2±44.8, 311.5~507.3), TP2 (432.4±50.8, 376.2~589.0), TE (899.7±86.9, 728.3~1042.0). ΔYP1 (136.3±19.9, 96.8~ 158.6), ΔYPL (35.7±10.7, 16.0~55.7), ΔYP2 (44.3±8.1, 22.5~56.5), TE-TPL (539.5±79.3, 405.9~691.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.5±0.3, 0.8~2.0), pulse rate (67.3±6.6, 57.6~82.4), S1 (1.1±0.2, 0.6~1.4), S2 (0.1±0.1, 0.0~0.2), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (8.6±6.1, 0.9 ~19.8), TP2-TPL (72.3±19.9, 38.3~108.4). ③10 min after exercise, YPL (97.0±13.2 vs 122.8±7.8), YP2 (109.6±12.8 vs 131.4±4.9), ΔYPL (6.6±9.8 vs 35.7±10.7), ΔYP2 (19.3±11.2 vs 44.3±8.1), TE (667.8±123.1 vs 899.7±86.9), TE-TPL (330.2±128.4 vs 539.5±79.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.0±0.4 vs 1.5±0.3) decreased, while the pulse rate (92.2± 14.0 vs 67.3±6.6), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (12.7±9.7 vs 8.6±6.1), TP2-TPL (98.0±38.1 vs 72.3±19.9) increased (all P<0.05). The trend of pulse wave changes at 20 min and 30 min after exercise was consistent with that at 10 min after exercise, but from 20 min, most of the indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise. ④The incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks in 16 young healthy persons at rest was 94.5%, and increased at 10 min (96.3%), 20 min (98.5%), and 30 min (99.8%) after exercise (all P<0.01). Among them, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks before and after exercise was maintained at about 100% in 10 subjects. The appearance rate of 2 cases had reached 100% before exercise, but it decreased at 10 minutes after exercise, and then continued to increase, at 30 minutes recovered to 100%. Three subjects had a low resting rate and started to increase after exercise. In 1 case, the rate was low only 20 minutes after exercise, considering the influence of human factors. Conclusion: The influence of exercise on the pulse wave of normal people is mainly reflected in the dicrotic wave. On the whole, after a single precise power exercise, the position of the dicrotic wave is reduced, the amplitude is deepened, and the appearance rate of the dicrotic wave with obvious crest is generally increased, and this change can be maintained for at least 30 minutes. From an individual point of view, the response trend of each subject is different.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Artérias , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
J Cell Sci ; 134(19)2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499173

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions are vital for executing nearly all cellular processes. To facilitate the detection of protein-protein interactions in living cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, here we present an efficient and convenient method termed the Pil1 co-tethering assay. In its basic form, we tether a bait protein to mCherry-tagged Pil1, which forms cortical filamentary structures, and examine whether a GFP-tagged prey protein colocalizes with the bait. We demonstrate that this assay is capable of detecting pairwise protein-protein interactions of cytosolic proteins and nuclear proteins. Furthermore, we show that this assay can be used for detecting not only binary protein-protein interactions, but also ternary and quaternary protein-protein interactions. Using this assay, we systematically characterized the protein-protein interactions in the Atg1 complex and in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns3K) complexes and found that Atg38 is incorporated into the PtdIns3K complex I via an Atg38-Vps34 interaction. Our data show that this assay is a useful and versatile tool and should be added to the routine toolbox of fission yeast researchers. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe , Schizosaccharomyces , Citoesqueleto , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares , Schizosaccharomyces/genética , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/genética
15.
Vascular ; : 17085381211039939, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455818

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Various inflammatory factors are closely associated with the incidence of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs). Furthermore, the severity of inflammation is closely related to the absolute value and proportion of each leukocyte subgroup. Only few reports have analyzed the importance of lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) as a potential inflammatory marker in vascular diseases. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of peripheral blood LMR on thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with TAA. METHODS: A retrospective study of the clinical data collected in our hospital between January 2016 and January 2021 was performed on 162 patients with TAA treated with TEVAR, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria for patient selection. Based on whether the patient had the clinical symptoms at admission and the occurrence of type I endoleaks during operation, patients were divided into two groups, respectively: an intraoperative type I endoleak group (n = 34) and a group without intraoperative type I endoleak (n = 128), and a group with clinical symptoms (n = 31) and a group without clinical symptoms (n = 131). The clinical data of these two groups were compared, the free from second intervention rates related to endoleak and the preoperatively LMR of the two groups was calculated. LMR was calculated preoperatively. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the cut-off for preoperative LMR values. Based on the cut-off point, patients were divided into a high LMR group (n = 34) and a low LMR group (n = 128). The clinical data of the two groups were compared, and further stratified analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 162 patients were included in the analysis. All patients were successfully implanted with a thoracic aorta stent graft. The preoperative LMR level and postoperative endoleak-related secondary intervention rate were higher in the type I endoleak group than those in the group without intraoperative type I endoleaks. The preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level of patients with TAA with clinical symptoms was higher than that of asymptomatic patients. There was a negative correlation between preoperative CRP and LMR levels. In addition, in symptomatic or asymptomatic patients, the LMR level was associated with the occurrence of intraoperative type I endoleaks. After excluding the influence of type of endografts, our results showed that the clinical symptoms did not affect the occurrence of the intraoperative type I endoleak, and patients with intraoperative type I endoleak had a higher rate of postoperative secondary intervention. CONCLUSION: Patients with TAA with type I endoleaks during TEVAR had an increased rate of secondary intervention related to endoleaks. Patients with TAA with high LMR levels before TEVAR were more likely to have endoleaks during operation.

16.
Neuroreport ; 32(11): 918-924, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132705

RESUMO

Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations occur frequently in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This study aims to identify potential crucial genes and pathways associated with GBA mutations in patients with PD and to further analyze new molecular mechanisms related to the occurrence of gene mutations from the perspective of bioinformatics. Gene expression profiles of datasets GSE53424 and GSE99142 were acquired from the Gene Expression Ominibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected, using the 'limma' package in R, comparing IDI-PD 1 (idiopathic PD patients) and GBA-PD 1 [PD patients with heterozygous GBA mutations (GBA N370S)] group samples. The functions of top modules were assessed using the DAVID, whereas gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed. Protein-protein interaction networks were assembled with Cytoscape software and separated into subnetworks using the Molecular Complex Detection Algorithm. Data from GSE53424 and GSE99142 were also extracted to verify our findings. There were 283 DEGs identified in PD patients heterozygous for GBA mutations. Module analysis revealed that GBA mutations in PD patients were associated with significant pathways, including Calcium signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Hub genes of the two modules were corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and Melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B). The expression of CRH was downregulated, whereas that of MTNR1B was upregulated in PD patients with GBA mutations. The expression of CRH and MTNR1B has diagnostic value for PD patients with heterozygous GBA mutations. Novel DEGs and pathways identified herein might provide new insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms of heterozygous GBA mutations in PD patients.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Glucosilceramidase/genética , Mutação/fisiologia , Doença de Parkinson/enzimologia , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/fisiologia
17.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(3)2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808531

RESUMO

K48-linked ubiquitination determining antigen degradation and the endosomal recruitments of p97 and Sec61 plays vital roles in dendritic cell (DC) cross-presentation. Our previous studies revealed that nicotine treatment increases bone marrow-derived dendritic cell (BM-DC) cross-presentation and promotes BM-DC-based cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) priming. But the effect of nicotine on K48-linked ubiquitination and the mechanism of nicotine-increased BM-DC cross-presentation are still uncertain. In this study, we first demonstrated that ex vivo nicotine administration obviously increased K48-linked ubiquitination in BM-DC. Then, we found that K48-linked ubiquitination was essential for nicotine-augmented cross-presentation, BM-DC-based CTL priming, and thereby the superior cytolytic capacity of DC-activated CTL. Importantly, K48-linked ubiquitination was verified to be necessary for nicotine-augmented endosomal recruitments of p97 and Sec61. Importantly, mannose receptor (MR), which is an important antigenic receptor for cross-presentation, was exactly catalyzed with K48-linked ubiquitination by the treatment with nicotine. Thus, these data suggested that K48-linked ubiquitination contributes to the superior adaptive immunity of nicotine-administrated BM-DC. Regulating K48-linked ubiquitination might have therapeutic potential for DC-mediated immune therapy.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16222, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004842

RESUMO

Internet addiction (IA) is common among adolescents and significantly determined by sociocultural and economic factors. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of IA among adolescents between Macau and mainland China and also examine its association with quality of life. A total of 2892 secondary school students were included. Standardized instruments were used to measure IA, depressive symptoms and quality of life. The overall prevalence of IA was 23.7%, with 32.5% in Macau and 19.8% in mainland China. Students in Macau were more likely to suffer from IA than those in mainland China (OR = 2.15, p < 0.001). Correlates of IA included being in higher school grades, poor academic performance, and more severe depressive symptoms. Students with IA reported lower quality of life in physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains. IA is common among Chinese adolescents, particularly in Macau. Considering the negative impact of IA on health and quality of life, regular screening and effective interventions should be undertaken for young Internet users.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Macau/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16705, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028907

RESUMO

The Yunnan province has one of the most serious outbreaks of the plague epidemic in China. Small mammals and fleas are risk factors for the occurrence of plague in commensal plague foci. Understanding the relationship between fleas and small mammals will help control fleas and prevent the onset of the plague. Four hundred and twenty-one small mammals, belonging to 9 species, were captured. Of these, 170 small mammals (40.4%) were found infested with fleas. A total of 992 parasitic fleas (including 5 species) were collected. The number of Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis accounted for 91.03% (903/992). The final multiple hurdle negative binomial regression model showed that when compared with Rattus tanezumi, the probability of flea infestation with Mus musculus as well as other host species decreased by 58% and 99%, respectively, while the number of flea infestations of the other host species increased by 4.71 folds. The probability of flea prevalence in adult hosts increased by 74%, while the number of fleas decreased by 76%. The number of flea infestations in small male mammals increased by 62%. The number of fleas in small mammals weighing more than 59 g has been multiplied by about 4. R. tanezumi is the predominant species in households in the west Yunnan province, while L.segnis and X. cheopis were dominant parasitic fleas. There is a strong relationship between the abundance of fleas and the characteristics of small mammals (e.g. Species, age, sex, and body weight).


Assuntos
Infestações por Pulgas/parasitologia , Insetos Vetores , Peste/parasitologia , Doenças dos Roedores/parasitologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Infestações por Pulgas/epidemiologia , Mamíferos , Peste/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia , Sifonápteros
20.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 8(3)2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957586

RESUMO

Cross-presentation in dendritic cells (DC) requires the endosomal relocations of internalized antigens and the endoplasmic reticulum protein Sec61. Despite the fact that endotoxin-containing pathogen and endotoxin-free antigen have different effects on protein kinase B (Akt) and I-kappa B Kinase α/ß (IKKα/ß) activation, the exact roles of Akt phosphorylation, IKKα or IKKß activation in endotoxin-containing pathogen-derived cross-presentation are poorly understood. In this study, endotoxin-free ovalbumin supplemented with endotoxin was used as a model pathogen. We investigated the effects of endotoxin-containing pathogen and endotoxin-free antigen on Akt phosphorylation, IKKα/ß activation, and explored the mechanisms that the endotoxin-containing pathogen orchestrating the endosomal recruitment of Sec61 of the cross-presentation in bone marrow precursor cells (BMPC). We demonstrated that endotoxin-containing pathogen and endotoxin-free antigen efficiently induced the phosphorylation of Akt-IKKα/ß and Akt-IKKα, respectively. Endotoxin-containing pathogen derived Akt+ IKKα/ß+ Rab5+ signalosome, together with augmented the recruitment of Sec61 toward endosome, lead to the increased cross-presentation in BMPC. Importantly, the endosomal recruitment of Sec61 was partly mediated by the formation of Akt+ IKKα/ß+ signalosome. Thus, these data suggest that Akt+ IKKα/ß+ Rab5+ signalosome contribute to endotoxin-containing pathogen-induced the endosomal recruitment of Sec61 and the superior efficacy of cross-presentation in BMPC.

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