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1.
Br J Cancer ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy has revolutionised the field of cancer therapy and immunology, but has demonstrated limited therapeutic efficacy in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). METHODS: Multi-omics data of 495 TCGA HGSOC tumours and RNA-seq data of 1708 HGSOC tumours were analyzed. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and meta-analyses were used to identify prognostic genes. The immune microenvironment was characterised using the ssGSEA methods for 28 immune cell types. Immunohistochemistry staining of tumour tissues of 14 patients was used to validate the key findings further. RESULTS: A total of 1142 genes were identified as favourable prognostic genes, which are prevailing in immune-related pathways and the infiltration of most immune subpopulations was observed to be associated with a favourable prognosis suggesting that tumour immunogenicity was the most prominent factor associated with improved clinical outcomes and response to chemotherapy of HGSOC. We identified multiple genomic and transcriptomic determinants of immunogenicity, including the copy loss of chromosome 4q and deficiencies of the homologous recombination pathway. Finally, an immunological subtype characterised by increased infiltration of activated CD8 T cells and decreased Tregs was associated with favourable prognosis and improved therapeutic efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Our study characterised the immunogenomic landscape and refined the immunological classifications of HGSOC. This may improve the selection of patients with HGSOC who are suitable candidates for immunotherapy.

2.
Environ Pollut ; : 118771, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007677

RESUMO

Energy resource scarcity and sediment pollution perniciousness have become enormous challenges, to which research has been focused on energy recovery and recycle technologies to solve both above problems. The organic matter stored in anoxic sediments of freshwater ecosystem represents a tremendous potential energy source. The system of aquatic plant coupled with sediment microbial fuel cell (AP-SMFC) has attracted much attention as a more feasible, economical and eco-friendly way to remediate sediment and surface water and generate electricity. However, the research on AP-SMFC has only been carried out in the last decade, and relevant studies have not been well summarized. In this review, the advances and prospects on AP-SMFC were systematically introduced. Firstly, the annual publication counts and keywords co-occurrence cluster of AP-SMFC were identified and visualized by resorting to the CiteSpace software, and the result showed that the research on AP-SMFC increased significantly in the last decade on the whole and will continue to increase. The bibliometric results provided valuable references and information on potential research directions for future studies. And then, the research progress and reaction mechanism of AP-SMFC were systematically described. Thirdly, the performance of AP-SMFC, including nutrients removal, organic contaminants removal, and electricity generation, was systematically summarized. AP-SMFC can enhance the removal of pollutants and electricity generation compared with SMFC without AP, and is considered to be an ideal technology for pollutants removal and resource recovery. Finally, the current challenges and future perspectives were summarized and prospected. Therefore, the review could serve as a guide for the new entrants to the field and further development of AP-SMFC application.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 812: 152554, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952087

RESUMO

Sulfamethoxazole (SMX), a typical sulfonamide antibiotic, is ubiquitous in secondary effluent and may pose undesirable effects on the aquatic ecosystem and human health. Constructed wetland (CW) is more and more applied in advanced sewage treatment, and the substrate plays an important role in removing pollutants. Manganese (Mn) ore has been widely concerned as a new type of substrate to remove pollutants in CW due to its high adsorption and redox properties. However, the removal mechanism of antibiotics by Mn ore CW is still unclear. In this study, Mn ore was selected as the substrate of a vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW) while gravel substrate was selected as a control group, and the removal efficiencies of SMX in two VFCWs were investigated and compared. Experimental devices were layered as different regions, including anaerobic (0-32 cm), anoxic (32-64 cm) and aerobic (64-80 cm) zones, to examine the removal characteristics of SMX in different regions. And the removal mechanism of SMX was also explored by examining the adsorption and oxidation of Mn ore and the microbial degradation performance. The results showed that the final removal efficiency of SMX in CW filled with Mn ore substrate (M-CW) (48.4%) increased by 39.6%, compared with CW filled with gravel substrate (G-CW) (8.8%). According to the calculation of mass balance, the total loss of SMX caused by the oxidation of Mn ore and biodegradation accounted for 33.0% of the total SMX input in M-CW, the SMX loss caused by the biodegradation in G-CW accounted for 13.0%, and the substrate adsorption in M-CW and G-CW occupied 15.0% and 7.0% of the total SMX input, respectively. Mn(II) was formed during the oxidation of SMX by Mn(III, IV) and dissimilated Mn(III, IV) reduction by microorganisms in anaerobic environment (0-32 cm). Whereafter, the produced Mn(II) entered into the aerobic zone (64-80 cm) with the water flow and was re-oxidized into biogenic Mn oxides (BioMnOx) which had high adsorption and oxidation performance for SMX. Therefore, Mn ore could enhance SMX removal efficiency in anaerobic and aerobic zones by Mn redox process.

4.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 22(12): 1060-1064, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904418

RESUMO

Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is a clinically effective therapy in anemia, for example in patients with malignancies (Shander et al., 2020), bleeding (Odutayo et al., 2017), and preoperative anemia (Padmanabhan et al., 2019). The past few decades have witnessed a shortage of blood for transfusion due to limited health insurance coverage for blood use and the rapid expansion of hospitals (Chen et al., 2011; Shi et al., 2014). Blood donation levels may easily be affected by general changes in the environment, policy, major events such as disasters, and public sentiment (Hu et al., 2019). Meanwhile, the transfusion of allogeneic RBC is a double-edged sword, increasing the possibility of infectious and immunological complications, and also leading to higher morbidity and mortality after transfusion (Frank et al., 2012). Considering that the continual shortfall has been increasingly prominent, identifying the factors associated with RBC transfusion could help blood transfusion departments to improve their supply of blood products as well as their inventory management (O'Donnell et al., 2018).

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(12): 4195-4202, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951260

RESUMO

Subalpine meadow is extremely sensitive to climate change. Few studies, however, focused on the responses of subalpine meadow to climatic factors in subtropical regions. It is still a challenge to extract the biophysical parameters from optical remote sensing imagery during the growing season. Based on the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) time series dataset from the MOD13Q1 vegetation index products and meteorological data, we analyzed the changes of vegetation growth of subalpine meadow at Huanggang Mountain in the top of Wuyishan National Park from 2000 to 2019, its responses to climate factors and the time lag effects. The results showed that NDVI in summer increased insignificantly during 2000-2019, and that NDVI in the growing season, spring, and autumn increased significantly. The enhancement of NDVI was mainly contributed by the increasing temperature (0.026 ℃·a-1) from 2000 to 2019. The increasing temperature in spring and autumn influenced meadow growth more than that in summer and growing season. NDVI of the growing season in subalpine meadow was sensitive to precipitation,indicating that the growth of subalpine meadow was strongly affected by precipitation even in the subtropical region with sufficient precipitation. Temperature and precipitation in different growth periods had different time lag effects on the NDVI of subalpine meadowo. The time lag effects of temperature on subalpine meadow were 0-1 month, and that of precipitation were 2-3 month.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pradaria , China , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(5): 706-715, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728031

RESUMO

Objective To establish a human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU resistant to 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and explore the relationship between runt-related transcription factor 3(RUNX3)and drug resistance of colorectal cancer.Methods The human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU with resistance to 5-FU was established by low concentration gradient increment combined with high-dose intermittent shock.CCK-8 method was used to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC50)of 5-FU on the parent line HCT-116 and drug-resistant line HCT-116/5-FU.The cell growth curve was established for the calculation of population doubling time(TD).The mRNA levels and protein levels of RUNX3,P-glycoprotein(P-gp),multidrug resistance-associated protein 1(MRP1),and lung resistance-related protein(LRP)in HCT-116 and HCT-116/5-FU cells were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blotting,respectively.The RUNX3 expression in HCT-116 cells was knocked down by siRNA technique,and the cells were divided into RUNX3 knockdown groups(si-RUNX3-1 group and si-RUNX3-2 group)and negative control group(si-NC group).The knockdown efficiency was verified by qRT-PCR at the mRNA level and Western blotting at the protein level.The IC50 in si-RUNX3 groups and si-NC group was determined with CCK-8 method,and the expression of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP in the two groups was detected by Western blotting.Results A stable human colon cancer drug-resistant cell line HCT-116/5-FU was successfully constructed.HCT-116/5-FU showed the TD 1.38 times as long as that of HCT-116(P=0.002)and changed morphology.The mRNA level of RUNX3 in HCT-116/5-FU cells was significantly lower than that in HCT-116 cells(P=0.048),and those of P-gp(P=0.008),MRP1(P=0.001),and LRP(P=0.001)showed the opposite trend.The protein level of RUNX3 in HCT-116/5-FU cells was significantly lower than that in HCT-116(P<0.001),and those of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP presented the opposite trend(all P<0.001).The HCT-116 cell model with low expression of RUNX3 was successfully established.The mRNA level of RUNX3 had no significant difference between si-RUNX3-1 group and si-NC group(P=0.064),while the level in si-RUNX3-2 group was significantly lower than that in si-NC group(P=0.034).The protein levels of RUNX3 in si-RUNX3-1 group and si-RUNX3-2 group were lower than that in si-NC group(both P<0.001).The results demonstrated higher knocking efficiency in si-RUNX3-2 group,which was thus selected to complete the follow-up test.The IC50 of si-RUNX3 group was significantly higher than that of si-NC group(P<0.001),which indicated that the down-regulated expression of RUNX3 could reduce the sensitivity of HCT-116 cells to 5-FU.The relative protein levels of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP in si-RUNX3 group were significantly higher than those in si-NC group(all P<0.001).Conclusion The down-regulation of RUNX3 expression can reduce the sensitivity of HCT-116 cells to 5-FU,which is considered to be related to the up-regulated expression of P-gp,MRP1,and LRP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Fator 3 de Transcrição , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Humanos
7.
Microsyst Nanoeng ; 7: 92, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804586

RESUMO

Monitoring biophysical signals such as body or organ movements and other physical phenomena is necessary for patient rehabilitation. However, stretchable flexible pressure sensors with high sensitivity and a broad range that can meet these requirements are still lacking. Herein, we successfully monitored various vital biophysical features and implemented in-sensor dynamic deep learning for knee rehabilitation using an ultrabroad linear range and high-sensitivity stretchable iontronic pressure sensor (SIPS). We optimized the topological structure and material composition of the electrode to build a fully stretching on-skin sensor. The high sensitivity (12.43 kPa-1), ultrabroad linear sensing range (1 MPa), high pressure resolution (6.4 Pa), long-term durability (no decay after 12000 cycles), and excellent stretchability (up to 20%) allow the sensor to maintain operating stability, even in emergency cases with a high sudden impact force (near 1 MPa) applied to the sensor. As a practical demonstration, the SIPS can positively track biophysical signals such as pulse waves, muscle movements, and plantar pressure. Importantly, with the help of a neuro-inspired fully convolutional network algorithm, the SIPS can accurately predict knee joint postures for better rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery. Our SIPS has potential as a promising candidate for wearable electronics and artificial intelligent medical engineering owing to its unique high signal-to-noise ratio and ultrabroad linear range. An ultrabroad-linear range (1 MPa) iontronic pressure sensor with superior sensitivity (12.43 kPa-1) and stretchability (up to 20%) was proposed for biophysical monitoring and deep learning-based knee-rehabilitation training.

8.
Acta Trop ; 226: 106224, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Snails that host the parasitic worm Schistosoma were once controlled or eliminated in Wuhan, China. However, safety measures associated with the outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) halted snail detection and extermination efforts. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on urban schistosomiasis transmission remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate snail density and the associated risk of a schistosomiasis outbreak in Wuhan. METHODS: The density and infection status of snails were monitored by global positioning system satellites, and outbreak risk was calculated by adjusting the Kaiser model. SigmaPlot was used to create a three-dimensional risk matrix. RESULTS: The living snail frame occurrence rate was 1.48%, and the average living snail density was 0.054/0.11 m2 in 2020, indicating an increase relative to the respective 2019 values (0.019/0.11 m2). No infectious snails were observed in the survey area. The possibility, harmfulness, and uncontrollability indicator values were 0.842, 0.870, and 0.866, respectively. The areas at greatest risk were the northern bank of Tianxingzhou and the Tianxingzhou and Hongshan districts overall. The existing snail sites in the northern bank of Tianxingzhou exhibited the highest risk scores, followed by those in Pak Sha Chau, with the highest risk score found in Yangsiji Village. The events likely to occur in Hongshan District were also likely to have high severity. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 outbreak, the risk of schistosomiasis increased due to snail colonies returning to their sites of origin in Wuhan, suggesting a need for strengthened infection control and prevention measures.

9.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(11): 4604-4616, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737927

RESUMO

Background: Ectosomes are recognized as shedding from the plasma membranes into the extracellular environment. Recent research has demonstrated that ectosomes are surrounded by phospholipid membranes containing lipid rafts and caveolae. Some ectosomes contain cytokines in the lumen and have high levels of phosphatidylserine exposed to the outer membrane. Intracellular vesicles share both characters with ectosomes. Why the plasma membrane-derived ectosomes have the same characteristics as intracellular vesicles remain largely unknown. Methods: Using live-cell dynamic imaging, we recorded the process of ectosome biogenesis and release in primary cultured neural cells. Results: Our results show two different ectosome release methods: slow-releasing and fast-releasing. In the slow-releasing, multiple ectosomes emerge almost simultaneously on the cell surface and are released by outward budding from the plasma membrane. In the fast releasing, ectosomes squeeze out of the membrane domain and pinch off from a cell's surface. Using ER-tracker for live-cell imaging, we directly observed the process that intracellular vesicles jump out of the plasma membrane for release. This type of ectosomes has a reverse array of membrane proteins and phospholipids compared to the plasma membrane. So ectosomes should be divided into two groups: plasma membrane-derived and intracellular membrane-derived ectosomes. Conclusions: Both slow releasing and fast releasing EVs imply mechanisms of human diseases and for diagnostics and drug delivery.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 731100, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603308

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a serious infectious disease that has led to a global pandemic with high morbidity and mortality. High-affinity neutralizing antibody is important for controlling infection, which is closely regulated by follicular helper T (Tfh) cells. Tfh cells play a central role in promoting germinal center reactions and driving cognate B cell differentiation for antibody secretion. Available studies indicate a close relationship between virus-specific Tfh cell-mediated immunity and SARS-CoV-2 infection progression. Although several lines of evidence have suggested that Tfh cells contribute to the control of SARS-CoV-2 infection by eliciting neutralizing antibody productions, further studies are needed to elucidate Tfh-mediated effector mechanisms in anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunity. Here, we summarize the functional features and roles of virus-specific Tfh cells in the immunopathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection and in COVID-19 vaccines, and highlight the potential of targeting Tfh cells as therapeutic strategy against SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares/imunologia , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/citologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares/citologia
11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 125-134, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672149

RESUMO

Objective: The new theory of holistic integrative physiology and medicine, which describes the integrative regulation of respiratory, circulatory and metabolic systems in human body, generates the hypothesis of that breath is the origin of variability of circulatory parameters. We investigated the origin of heart rate variability by analyzing relationship between the breath and heart rate variability (HRV) during sleep. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 8 normal subjects (NS) and 10 patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (CDs-no-SA). After signed the informed consent form, they performed cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in Fuwai Hospital and monitored polysomnography (PSG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) during sleep since 2014. We dominantly analyzed the correlation between the respiratory cycle during sleep and the heart rate variability cycle of the ECG R-R interval. The HRV cycle included the HR increase from the lowest to the highest and decrease from the highest to the lowest point. The number of HRV (HRV-n), average HRV time and other parameters were calculated. The breath cycle included complete inhalation and subsequent exhalation. The number of breath (B-n), average breath time and other breath parameters were analyzed and calculated. We analyzed each person's relationship between breath and HRV; and the similarities and differences between the NS and CDs-no-SA groups. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis, with P<0.05. Results: CPET core parameter such as Peak VO2 (83.8±8.9)% in NS were significantly higher than that (70.1±14.9)% in patients of chronic diseases without sleep apnea (P<0.05), but there was no difference between their AHI (1.7±1.3) in NS and AHI (2.9±1.2) in CDs-no-SA (P>0.05). The B-n and the HRV-n (6581.63±1411.90 vs 6638.38±1459.46), the average B time and the average HRV time (4.19±0.57)s vs (4.16±0.62)s in NS were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The comparison of the numbers in CDs-no-SA were the number (7354.50±1443.50 vs 7291.20±1399.31) and the average times ((4.20±0.69)s vs (4.23±0.68)s) of B and HRV were similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The ratios of B-n/HRV-n in NS and CDs-no-SA were (0.993±0.027 vs 1.008±0.024) and both were close to 1 and similar without significant difference (P>0.05). The average magnitude of HRV in NS ((5.74±3.21) bpm) was significantly higher than that in CDs-no-SA ((2.88±1.44) bpm) (P<0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the functional status of NS and CDs-no-SA, there is a similar consistency between B and HRV. The origin of initiating factors of HRV is the respiration.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono
12.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 135-141, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672150

RESUMO

Objective: Based on the hypothesis that respiration causes variability of circulatory indicators proposed by the holistic integrated physiology and medicine theory, the correlation between respiration and heart rate variability during sleep in chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing is analyzed. Methods: Eleven chronically ill patients with abnormal sleep breathing and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 times/hr are recruited. After signing the informed consent, they completed the standardized symptomatic restrictive extreme exercise cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and sleep breathing monitoring Calculate and analyze the rules of respiratory nasal airflow and ECG RR interval heart rate variability during the oscillatory breathing (OB) phase and the normal steady breathing phase of the patient during sleep, and use the independent sample t test to compare with normal people and no sleep breathing abnormalities in the same period in this laboratory. Of patients with chronic diseases are more similar and different. Results: The peak oxygen uptake and anaerobic threshold (AT) of CPET in chronic patients with abnormal sleep apnea were (70.8±13.6)% Pred and (71.2±6.1)% Pred; 5 cases of CPET had exercise induced oscillatory breathing (EIOB), 6 An example is unstable breathing, which indicates that the overall functional status is lower than normal. In this group of patients with chronic diseases, AHI (28.8±10.0) beats/h, the ratio of the total time of abnormal sleep breathing to the total time of sleep (0.38±0.25); the length of the OB cycle (51.1±14.4)s. The ratio (Bn/HRV-B-n) of the number of breathing cycles in the normal and steady breathing period to the number of heart rate variability cycles in this group of patients with chronic diseases is 1.00±0.04, and the CV (SD of HRV-B-M/x) is (0.33 ±0.11), blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) did not decrease significantly, the average amplitude of heart rate variability (HRV-B-M) of each respiratory cycle rhythm was (2.64±1.59) bpm, although it was lower than normal people (P<0.05) , But it was similar to chronic patients without sleep apnea (P>0.05). In this group of patients with chronic diseases, the ratio of the number of respiratory cycles to the number of heart rate variability cycles (OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n) during OB is (1.22±0.18), and the average amplitude of heart rate variability for each respiratory cycle rhythm in OB (OB -HRV-B-M) is (3.56±1.57)bpm and its variability (OB-CV = SD of OB-HRV-B-M/x) is (0.59±0.28), the average amplitude of heart rate variability in each OB cycle rhythm (OB-HRV-OB-M) is (13.75±4.25)bpm, SpO2 decreases significantly during hypoventilation during OB, and the average decrease in SpO2 during OB (OB-SpO2-OB-M) is (4.79±1.39)%. The OB-Bn/OB-HRV-B-n ratio, OB-HRV-OB-M and OB-SpO2-OB-M in the OB period are all significantly higher than the corresponding indicators in the normal stable breathing period Large (P<0.01). Although OB-HRV-B-M has no statistically significant difference compared with HRV-B-M in normal stable breathing period (P>0.05), its variability OB-CV is significantly increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: The heart rate variability of chronic patients with abnormal sleep breathing in the OB phase is greater than that of the normal stable breathing period. When the breathing pattern changes, the heart rate variability also changes significantly. The number of breathing cycles in the stable breathing period is equal to the number of heart rate variability cycles.The ratio is the same as that of normal people and chronically ill patients without sleep apnea, confirming that heart rate variability is respiratory origin; and the reduction of heart rate variability relative to the respiratory cycle during OB is directly caused by hypopnea or apnea at this time, and heart rate variability is also breathing source.


Assuntos
Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Polissonografia , Respiração
13.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 154-161, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672153

RESUMO

Objective: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) was used to investigate the exercise pathophysiology of mitral regurgitation. Methods: 26 patients with moderate and severe mitral regurgitation who completed standardized extreme exercise CPET under strict quality control after signing informed consent since 2016, and 11 normal subjects in the same period as the control group. The core indexes of CPET were analyzed and calculated according to the standard method and compared with normal subjects for intergroup statistical independent sample t-test. At the same time, the patients with heart failure and exercise oscillation breathing (OB) were divided into two subgroups: 11 cases without heart failure, 15 cases with heart failure, 8 cases with non-OB and 18 cases with OB, and their similarities and differences were compared between each subgroup. Results: The core indexes of CPET, such as peak oxygen uptake (85.60 ±9.06)%pred and anaerobic threshold (AT, (87.59 ±15.38)%pred) were normal. The peak oxygen uptake of CPET in patients with mitral regurgitation was (48.15 ±12.11)%pred, peak oxygen pulse was (66.57 ±12.20)%pred, AT was (56.75 ±11.50)%pred, oxygen uptake efficiency plateau was (88.24 ±16.42)%pred , lowest value of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (125.89 ±27.05)%pred and slope of carbon dioxide ventilatory efficiency was (128.31 ±31.68)%pred. Among them, only oxygen uptake efficiency plateau (OUEP) was normal and low, and the other indexes were significantly abnormal. There were significant differences between the patients and the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the non-OB group and the OB group, but there was significant difference between the non-OB group and the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the heart failure group, but there was significant difference between the non-heart failure group and the control group. Conclusion: All the core indexes of cardiopulmonary exercise are significantly abnormal in patients with mitral regurgitation who are significantly lower than those in normal subjects except for the low effectiveness of oxygen ventilation. And with or without heart failure and OB did not affect the cardiopulmonary function.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Exercício Físico , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Relatório de Pesquisa
14.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 177-188, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672156

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and changes after a single individualized exercise in patients with long-term chronic diseases. Methods: We selected 16 patients with chronic disease (disease duration ≥5 years) who have been clearly diagnosed as hypertension and/or diabetes and/or hyperlipemia, and first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Then a single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30 min after exercise, then obtained each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E). The raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1, ΔYPL, ΔYP2, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1, S2 ,ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators. Then calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest. Finally we analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each patient before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 patients with long-term chronic diseases (males 14, females 2), ages (53.7±12.6, 28~80) years old, height (171.7±6.6, 155~183) cm, body weight (80.0±13.5, 54~98) kg. 2YB (91.5±10.8, 71.1~108.6), YP1 (203.6±24.7, 162.7~236.3), YPL (127.1±6.2, 118.2~140.3), YP2 (125.9±6.2, 115.7~137.7), TP1 ( 137.2±22.3, 103.0~197.1), TPL (368.7±29.5, 316.3~434.0), TP2 (422.7±32.8, 376.9~494.7), TE (883.4±95.0, 672.2~1003.3), ΔYP1 (112.1±33.8, 60.3~ 157.5), ΔYPL (35.5±14.2, 17.5~66.2), ΔYP2 (34.4±13.3, 20.0~62.9), TE-TPL (514.6±85.4, 341.4~621.9), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.4±0.2, 1.0~1.7), pulse rate (68.8±8.4, 59.8~89.3), S1 (0.9±0.3, 0.4~1.4), S2 (0.0±0.0, -0.1~0.0), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (-1.2±2.6,- 6.5 ~ 2.5), TP2-TPL (54.0 ± 10.8, 33.6 ~ 81.1). ③10min after exercise, YB, YPL, YP2, TPL, TE decreased, YP1 increased. ΔYPL, TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL decreased, and ΔYP1, pulse rate, S1, ΔYP2-ΔYPL, TP2 -TPL increased (all P<0.05). The change trend of pulse wave at 20min and 30min after exercise was consistent with that at 10min after exercise, but most indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise from 10 min. ④The appearance rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest in 16 patients with long-term chronic disease at rest was 28.6%, and the appearance rate of 10 min (65.7%), 20 min (77.1%), 30 min (73.7%) after exercise was significantly increased (all P< 0.01). In 6 patients, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks after exercise was significantly increased, and it could continue until 30 minutes. In 3 patients, the incidence increased significantly 10 minutes after exercise, and began to decrease at 20 minutes. In 1 patient, the rate of appearance only started to increase 20 minutes after exercise. In 2 patients, the incidence increased 10 minutes after exercise and then decreased. In 1 patient, the rate of occurrence increased briefly 20 minutes after exercise and then decreased. The incidence of 1 patient dropped after exercise and began to rise at 20 minutes. In 2 cases, the incidence rate did not increase after exercise, and it increased slightly after 30 minutes. Conclusion: In patients with long-term chronic diseases, the radial artery pulse wave is short and the dicrotic wave is not obvious or even disappears. After a single precise power exercise, the main wave increases, the position of the dicrotic wave decreases, and the amplitude increases. The specific response should be analyzed individually.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 208-218, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672160

RESUMO

Objective: Under the guidance of the new theory of holistic integrated physiology and medicine, the effect of individualized accurate exercise program on the overall functional state was studied according to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Methods: Li xx, female, 31 years old, has a fast heart rate since childhood (90~100 bpm), usually feel cold, especially in autumn and winter, and general health good. CPET was performed after signing the informed consent form at Fuwai Hospital in September 2019. Peak oxygen uptake, anaerobic threshold (AT), and peak cardiac output were (69~72)% pred, respectively, and the oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency were basically normal (96~100)% pred. The resting heart rate was fast, the blood pressure was low, the blood pressure response was weak during exercise, and the heart rate was mainly increased. The holistic integrated physiology medical theory pointed out that she was in weak health and heart weakness was the main manifestation. CPET was used to guide individualized precise exercise intensity titration, combine continuous beat-by-beat blood pressure, ECG, pulse and blood glucose dynamic monitoring to formulate an holisticplan of individualized quantitative exercise .Reexamine CPET after 8 weeks' strengthening management. Results: After 8 weeks of intensive holistic management, the limbs were warm and the cold symptoms disappeared. Re-examination of CPET peak oxygen uptake, AT and peak cardiac output were (90~98)% pred, which increased by (30~36)% respectively, and the holistic weak functional status was significantly improved; basically normal oxygen uptake ventilation efficiency and carbon dioxide exhaust ventilation efficiency also increased by (10~37)% respectively; resting heart rate and blood pressure basically returned to normal, and blood pressure and heart rate response during exercise were normal. Continuous ambulatory blood glucose monitoring indicated that the average blood glucose level decreased slightly and became more stable. Repeated measurement results of continuous ECG and beat-to-beat blood pressure also indicated a decrease in heart rate and an increase in blood pressure during rest, exercise and during sleep, and radial pulse wave. The amplitude of the dicrotic wave increases and becomes more pronounced. Conclusion: The new theoretical system to guide CPET to formulate an holistic plan for individualized precision exercise can safely and effectively enhance myocardial contractility, increase stroke volume, increase blood pressure, lower heart rate, stabilize and slightly lower blood glucose, and improve holistic functional status.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Criança , Feminino , Estado Funcional , Humanos
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672458

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and study the resting radial artery pulse wave and the pulse wave changes after a single individualized exercise in young healthy normal subjects. Methods: We selected 16 young healthy graduate students, advanced training doctors, and visiting scholars from Fuwai Hospital without any disease diagnosis and low daily exercise. They first completed the symptom-restricted limit cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). A single individualized exercise with Δ50% power as the exercise intensity was completed within one week after CPET. We measured and recorded 50 s pulse wave data before exercise and 10 min, 20 min, 30min after exercise, let the instrument automatically fix the point and then manually recheck to obtain each pulse wave characteristic point: starting point (B), main wave peak point (P1), trough of a repulse point (PL), crest of a repulse point (P2), and end point (E), and the raw data of the abscissa (time T) and ordinate (amplitude Y) corresponding to each point were derived from the instrument. We treated the end point E of the previous pulse wave as the start point B of the next wave, returned TB to zero, and got the main observation indicators: YB, YP1, YPL, YP2 and TP1, TPL, TP2, TE, and calculated out ΔYP1 (YP1-YB), ΔYPL (YPL-YB), ΔYP2 (YP2-YB), TE-TPL, (TE-TPL)/TPL, pulse rate, S1 (the slope of main wave ascending branch), S2 (the slope of dicrotic ascending branch), ΔYP2-ΔYPL and TP2-TPL as secondary observation indicators; defined the dicrotic wave with obvious crest as YP2>YPL, and calculated the occurrence rate of dicrotic wave with obvious crest (number of waveforms with YP2>YPL in 50 s /total number of waveforms×100%). We analyzed individually the 50 s pulse wave data of each subject before and after exercise, and then averaged all the data for overall analysis. Results: ①16 healthy young subjects (males 10, females 6), age (30.6±6.4, 24~48) years old; height (170.4±8.2, 160~188) cm; body mass (63.9±12.8, 43~87) kg. ②YB (87.2±5.8, 78.1~95.9), YP1 (223.5±15.8, 192.7~242.3), YPL (122.8±7.8, 110.0~133.8), YP2 (131.4±4.9, 116.7~137.5), TP1 (126.2±42.2, 94.2~280.0), TPL (360.2±44.8, 311.5~507.3), TP2 (432.4±50.8, 376.2~589.0), TE (899.7±86.9, 728.3~1042.0). ΔYP1 (136.3±19.9, 96.8~ 158.6), ΔYPL (35.7±10.7, 16.0~55.7), ΔYP2 (44.3±8.1, 22.5~56.5), TE-TPL (539.5±79.3, 405.9~691.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.5±0.3, 0.8~2.0), pulse rate (67.3±6.6, 57.6~82.4), S1 (1.1±0.2, 0.6~1.4), S2 (0.1±0.1, 0.0~0.2), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (8.6±6.1, 0.9 ~19.8), TP2-TPL (72.3±19.9, 38.3~108.4). ③10 min after exercise, YPL (97.0±13.2 vs 122.8±7.8), YP2 (109.6±12.8 vs 131.4±4.9), ΔYPL (6.6±9.8 vs 35.7±10.7), ΔYP2 (19.3±11.2 vs 44.3±8.1), TE (667.8±123.1 vs 899.7±86.9), TE-TPL (330.2±128.4 vs 539.5±79.3), (TE-TPL)/TPL (1.0±0.4 vs 1.5±0.3) decreased, while the pulse rate (92.2± 14.0 vs 67.3±6.6), ΔYP2-ΔYPL (12.7±9.7 vs 8.6±6.1), TP2-TPL (98.0±38.1 vs 72.3±19.9) increased (all P<0.05). The trend of pulse wave changes at 20 min and 30 min after exercise was consistent with that at 10 min after exercise, but from 20 min, most of the indicators gradually recovered to the resting level before exercise. ④The incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks in 16 young healthy persons at rest was 94.5%, and increased at 10 min (96.3%), 20 min (98.5%), and 30 min (99.8%) after exercise (all P<0.01). Among them, the incidence of dicrotic waves with obvious peaks before and after exercise was maintained at about 100% in 10 subjects. The appearance rate of 2 cases had reached 100% before exercise, but it decreased at 10 minutes after exercise, and then continued to increase, at 30 minutes recovered to 100%. Three subjects had a low resting rate and started to increase after exercise. In 1 case, the rate was low only 20 minutes after exercise, considering the influence of human factors. Conclusion: The influence of exercise on the pulse wave of normal people is mainly reflected in the dicrotic wave. On the whole, after a single precise power exercise, the position of the dicrotic wave is reduced, the amplitude is deepened, and the appearance rate of the dicrotic wave with obvious crest is generally increased, and this change can be maintained for at least 30 minutes. From an individual point of view, the response trend of each subject is different.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Artérias , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; 108(4): e21848, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676595

RESUMO

Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) infection causes a series of physiological and pathological changes in Bombyx mori (B. mori). Here, a metabolomic study of the innate immunity organs including hemolymph, fat body, and midgut of the silkworm strain Dazao following BmNPV challenge was conducted to reveal the metabolic variations in B. mori. Compared to the control, 4964 and 4942 features with 4077 and 4327 high-quality features were generated under positive and negative modes, respectively, from BmNPV-infected larvae. The principal component analysis and supervised learning method using partial least squares discrimination analysis demonstrated good analytical stability and experimental reproducibility of the metabolic profiles. Based on database annotations, a total of 296, 108, and 215 differential expressed metabolites (DEMs) were identified from BmNPV-infected group of hemolymph, fat body, and midgut, respectively, which were all mainly grouped into carboxylic acids and derivatives, fatty acyls, and glycerophospholipids. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Database enrichment analysis of the DEMs showed that amino acid metabolism was increased at 24 h after BmNPV infection. BmNPV induction was adopted to significantly alter a series of immune-related pathways including phospholipase D signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, melanogenesis, membrane transport, carbohydrate metabolism, and lipid metabolism. The different levels of expression of several DEMs including l-glutamate, naphthalene, 3-succinoylpyridine 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate, and l-tyrosine which were involved in those pathways exhibited the immune responses of B. mori to BmNPV infection. Our findings are valuable for a better understanding of the antiviral mechanism of B. mori underlying the interaction between the silkworm and BmNPV.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Imunidade Inata , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Nucleopoliedrovírus , Animais , Bombyx/imunologia , Bombyx/metabolismo , Bombyx/virologia , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Corpo Adiposo/metabolismo , Hemolinfa/metabolismo , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Metaboloma/imunologia , Metabolômica/métodos , Nucleopoliedrovírus/imunologia
18.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151167, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699824

RESUMO

Epidemiological evidence linking metals bound to ambient particulate matters with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and maternal thyroid function is limited. In this study, we investigated the association of PM2.5-bound metals with maternal thyroid hormones (TH) during the first trimester. We retrospectively reviewed data for 2528 pregnant women attending prenatal care in Jinhua Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Jinhua, China, from January to December 2018. Information including thyroid hormone levels and demographics was retrieved from existing medical records. We analyzed the concentration of 10 metals for collected particulate samples, and estimated their exposure levels during the first trimester for each woman. We employed multivariate linear regression models to estimate the association of exposure to individual PM2.5-bound metals with serum levels of maternal TH, and weighted quantile sum (WQS) to estimate the overall association of exposure to PM2.5-bound metals within a mixture. Higher exposures to most of the PM2.5-bound metals were associated with lower levels of maternal free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3). The thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) or thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) status had no effect modification on the observed associations. WQS analyses further suggested that Be, Ni, Tl and Ba contributed the most to the associations. These findings highlight the associations of exposure to PM2.5-bound metals with maternal thyroid function, and emphasize the public health significance of commitments to improve air quality.

19.
J Cell Sci ; 134(19)2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499173

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions are vital for executing nearly all cellular processes. To facilitate the detection of protein-protein interactions in living cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, here we present an efficient and convenient method termed the Pil1 co-tethering assay. In its basic form, we tether a bait protein to mCherry-tagged Pil1, which forms cortical filamentary structures, and examine whether a GFP-tagged prey protein colocalizes with the bait. We demonstrate that this assay is capable of detecting pairwise protein-protein interactions of cytosolic proteins and nuclear proteins. Furthermore, we show that this assay can be used for detecting not only binary protein-protein interactions, but also ternary and quaternary protein-protein interactions. Using this assay, we systematically characterized the protein-protein interactions in the Atg1 complex and in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns3K) complexes and found that Atg38 is incorporated into the PtdIns3K complex I via an Atg38-Vps34 interaction. Our data show that this assay is a useful and versatile tool and should be added to the routine toolbox of fission yeast researchers. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe , Schizosaccharomyces , Citoesqueleto , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares , Schizosaccharomyces/genética , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/genética
20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 15063-15072, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499495

RESUMO

Micro/nanomotors (MNMs) are miniaturized devices capable of performing self-propelled motion and on-demand tasks, which have brought revolutionary renovations in nanomedicine, environmental remediation, biochemical sensing, etc. Numerous methods of either chemical synthesis or physical fabrications have been extensively investigated to prepare MNMs of various shapes and functions. However, MNMs with replaceable engines that can be flexibly assembled and disassembled, resembling that of a macroscopic machine, have not been achieved. Here, for the first time, we report a demonstration of control over the engine replacement of self-propelled nanomotors based on hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNPs) via supramolecular machine-based host-guest assembly and disassembly between azobenzene (Azo) and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD). Nanomotors with different driving mechanisms can be rapidly constructed by selecting corresponding ß-CD-modified nanoengines of urease, Pt, or Fe3O4, to assemble with the azobenzene-modified HMSNPs (HMSNPs-Azo). In virtue of photoresponsive cis/trans isomer conversion of azobenzene molecules, engine switching can be accomplished by remote light triggered host-guest assembly or disassembly between HMSNPs-Azo and ß-CD-modified engines. Moreover, this method can quickly include multiple engines on the surface of the HMSNPs-Azo to prepare a hybrid MNM with enhanced motion capability. This strategy not only is cost-effective for the rapid and convenient preparation of nanomotors with different propulsion mechanism but also paves a new path to future multiple functionalization of MNMs for on-demand task assignment.

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