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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2953-2959, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602839

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the protective effect and preliminary mechanism of Danzhi Jiangtang Capsules( DJC) on liver of hyperlipidemic rats. The hyperlipidemia models were successfully made by high-fat diet for 12 weeks in male SD rats,and then divided into model control group and DJC treatment groups( 500 and 1 000 mg·kg~(-1)·d-1) via gavage administration for additional 8 weeks.The levels of serum lipid and liver metabolism indices were detected; HE and oil red O staining were used to observe the pathological changes of liver. Expression levels of extracellular regulated protein kinase 1/2( ERK1/2),c-Jun N-terminal kinase( JNK),and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase( p38 MAPK) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction( RT-PCR). Expression of MCP-1,phosphorylated ERK( p-ERK),phosphorylated JNK( p-JNK),and phosphorylated p38 MAPK( p-p38) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that DJC decreased body weight and serum levels of total cholesterol( TC),triglyceride( TG),alanine aminotransferase( ALT),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),increased serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol( HDL-C) level,ameliorate injury and lipid deposition in the liver induced by the high-fat diet,decreased mRNA expression of ERK1/2,JNK and p-38 MAPK as well as protein expression of p-ERK,p-JNK,p-p38,and MCP-1,somewhat showing a dose-dependent effect. Therefore,DJC has an obvious protective effect on liver of hyperlipidemic rats with certain dose-dependent effect,and the mechanism may be related with inhibiting MAPK pathways and inflammation.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Animais , Cápsulas , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Inflamação , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 3028-3038, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529878

RESUMO

Reasonable rotation is of great significance to grassland management. We examined the distribution characteristics, stability, organic carbon content and contribution rate of 0-30 cm soil aggregates in the forbidding grazing, continuous grazing, and rotation in the two-paddock, four-paddock and six-paddock rotational districts in a desert steppe in Ningxia. The results showed that except for the forbidding grazing grassland that was dominated by mechanically stable large aggrega-tes, other water-stable aggregates were mainly composed of microaggregates. Increasing the rotational grazing zoning was conducive to maintain the content of water-stable aggregates in the surface soil and increase the content of large aggregates. The mechanical stability aggregate fractal dimension was the largest in continuous grazing, increased the fractal dimension of the rotation and shepherd partition to reduce the trend, but the fractal dimension of water-stable aggregates did not change. The average weight diameter (MWD) and geometric mean diameter (GMD) of the aggregates were the largest in the pastoral grassland and increased with the increases of the rotational grassland partition. MWD and GMD were negatively correlated with the microaggregate content. The organic carbon content in water-stable large aggregate was higher in the six-paddock rotational district and forbidding grazing, and the two-paddock rotational grazing and continuous grazing were lower. The contribution rate of micro-aggregates organic carbon to soil organic carbon content was higher in this region. In the 0-20 cm soil layer, the contribution rate of organic carbon in large aggregates increased with the increases of rotation. Considering the characteristics of soil aggregates and their organic carbon, the rotation of six-paddock was the most suitable method for rotational grazing in the desert steppe of the study area.


Assuntos
Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos , Carbono , Herbivoria , Solo , China , Clima Desértico , Fractais , Água
3.
Exp Ther Med ; 17(3): 1825-1830, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30783455

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the correlation between the dynamic serum levels of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R), aldose reductase (AR) and superoxide dismutase 2(SOD2) antibodies with disease activity and treatment response in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). The present study included 56 patients with IMN who were diagnosed through a renal biopsy and presenting with nephrotic syndrome. The patients were divided into two treatment groups: One treated with cyclophosphamide (CTX) and one with tacrolimus (FK506). Serum was collected prior to treatment, and at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the start of the 12-month-long therapy. Samples were tested by ELISA to measure anti-PLA2R, anti-AR and anti-SOD2 antibody titers. In addition, urinary protein excretion, serum albumin (Alb) and other blood biochemical indexes were measured. Theanti-PLA2R antibody positivity rate was 71.43% in the patients prior to treatment. After 12 months of treatment, proteinuria and PLA2R antibody levels were decreased, whereas serum Alb was increased. There was no significant difference of remission rates between the CTX and FK506 groups. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that the anti-PLA2R antibody level is correlated with the severity of IMN, whereas anti-AR and anti-SOD2 antibody levels are not. In addition, there was no significant difference between the CTX and FK506 groups in regards to the remission rates of patients with IMN.

4.
Schizophr Res ; 195: 488-494, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29056492

RESUMO

Patients with schizophrenia have a high prevalence of developing osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures. We examined the prevalence of osteoporosis and its clinical correlates in Chinese patients with schizophrenia, which is not well-studied. A total of 199 inpatients (males/females=132/67; average age: 54.5±11.1years) and 107 healthy controls (males/females=22/85; average age: 41.7±11.9years) were recruited. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by ultrasonography of the calcaneus. The prevalence of osteoporosis and low BMD (osteoporosis and osteopenia) was 23.1% and 65.3% for the patient group, versus 7.5% and 39.3% for the control group (both p<0.001). Further, the average BMD T-score in patients was significantly lower than in controls (p<0.05). There was gender difference in the prevalence of low BMD conditions for the patients (males: 56.1% versus females: 76.1%; p<0.01) as well as the BMD T-score (p<0.001). Several risk factors correlated with the osteoporosis classification in the patient group: older age (58.9±11.2years vs. 53.3±11.0years), lower weight (63.7±12.2kg vs. 70.4±15.2kg) and body mass index (BMI) (22.8±4.1kg/m2 vs. 24.2±4.7kg/m2; all p<0.01) than those without osteoporosis. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that age, weight and BMI remained significantly associated with osteoporosis. In addition, correlation analysis showed significant correlations between BMD T-score and the following parameters: gender, age and drug type (clozapine versus non-clozapine) (Bonferroni corrected p's<0.05). Our results suggest a higher prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in Chinese schizophrenic inpatients, with both the expected risk factors of gender and age, as well as drug type.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/etiologia , Esquizofrenia/complicações , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 4(4): 254-259, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30603743

RESUMO

Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Previous studies have indicated that clustering of major CVD risk factors is common. We aimed to explore the association of clustering of CVD risk factors with arterial stiffness in adults. Methods: A total of 9984 adults were enrolled. We investigated clustering of four major CVD risk factors (defined as two or more of the following: hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and high body mass index) and their association with arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness was evaluated using the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Results: In the study group (52.2% men, the mean age was 55.4 ± 10.5 years; only 11.9% of participants were free of any pre-defined CVD risk factors and 61.8% of participants had clustering of CVD risk factors. The cfPWV was significantly higher in the clustered risk factors group than in the no risk factor or the single risk factor groups (16.1 ± 3.1, 13.4 ± 2.2, and 14.3 ± 2.6 m/s, respectively; P < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that age, gender, clustering of CVD risk factors, serum uric acid, and decreased renal function positively correlated with cfPWV. For a categorical outcome, the highest cfPWV quartile (cfPWV ≥ 16.9 m/s) was compared with the lower three quartiles. After adjusting for potential confounders, clustering of CVD risk factors significantly correlated with increased cfPWV compared with that in the no risk factor group, with an odds ratio of 5.76 (95% confidence interval: 4.46-7.44). Conclusions: Clustering of CVD risk factors significantly correlated with arterial stiffness; this confirms the importance of lifestyle modification to reduce the burden of CVD.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 37(2): 189-197, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30650272

RESUMO

Objective To observe the effects of active ingredients of Qingxin Kaiqiao Recipe (QKR) , such as saponins, volatile oils, effective compositions of polysaccharides, on expressions of Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) , B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) , cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3) , and ß-amyloid precursor protein (pAPP) in hippocampus of Ap1_40-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats. Methods Totally 112 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 7 groups, i.e., the normal control group, the sham-operation group, the model group, the Aricept group, the saponin group, the volatile oil group, the polysaccharide group, 16 in each group. The AD rat model was established by injecting Aß1₋40 from bilateral hippocampus. Equal volume of double distilled water was administered to rats by gastrogavage in the normal control group, the sham-operation group, the model group from the 2nd day after modeling, once per day for 2 successive weeks (at 10:00 am). Aricept (Donepezil Hydrochloride Tablet, 1. 67 mg/kg per day) , saponin (9 mL/kg per day) , benzene (3. 33 mL/kg per day) , and polysaccharides (8. 33 mL/kg per day) was administered to rats by gastro- gavage to the Aricept group, the saponin group, the volatile oil group, the polysaccharides group, re- spectively, once per day for 2 successive weeks (at 10:00 am). By the end of gastrogavage spatial learning and memory capacities were detected using Morris water maze (MWZ). Apoptosis in hippocam- pal CAI region was detected using TUNEL staining. Expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, and PAPP were measured via Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results There was no statistical difference in pre-modeling escape latency and times of crossing platforms among groups at the same time point (P >0. 05). Besides, escape latency was gradu- ally shortened as time went by. Compared with the model group, escape latency was shortened, and times of crossing platforms was significantly increased in the Aricept group and the saponin group (P < 0. 05, P <0. 01). Compared with the model group, the amount of apoptotic cells in hippocampal CA1 re- gion was obviously reduced (P <0. 05, P <0. 01) , expressions levels of Bax, Caspase-3, and pAPP were down-regulated, Bcl-2/Bax ratio was obviously elevated in the saponin group, the volatile oil group, the polysaccharide group (P <0. 05, P <0. 01). Conclusion Three active ingredients (spaonins, benzene, and polysaccharides) of QKR could improve spatial memory and learning capacities to different degrees, which might be possibly achieved by decreasing expressions of Bax, Caspase-3, PAPP in hippocampal CA1 region, elevating Bcl-2 expression, and inhibiting apoptosis in hippocampus.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hipocampo , Aprendizagem Espacial , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
7.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(10): 3197-201, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222299

RESUMO

Cu(InxGa1-x)Se2(CIGS) precursor films were prepared on ITO glass with potentiostatic electrodeposition. High quality CIGS films were obtained by selenization of the precursor films at high temperature in tubular furnace full of argon gas. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy were used to characterize the structure, morphology, composition and Vis-NIR absorption of CIGS films, respectively. XRD results show the selenized CIGS films have a preferential orientation (112) with average crystallite of 24.7 nm. Raman spectroscopy reveals that the CIGS films are pure quaternaryphases with chalcopyrite structure, and without binary or ternary phases in the films. Vis-NIR measurements determine that the bandgap of CIGS increases with the increase of Ga concentration in the film. When the Ga concentration is 5.41%, its bandgap is about 1.11 eV, and the calculated ratio of Ga to (Ga+In) is 16.3%, which is less than the ratio of Ga to (Ga+In), 21.4%, measured by SEM. This indicates that crystallinity of CIGS filmsneeds to be further improved. All the measurements demonstratethat optimum ITO/CIGS has a promising application in bifacial solar cells. In this paper, we provide a newmethodtoelectrodeposit low cost CIGS precursor films and a new method forselenization ofthe precursor films at high temperature. As a result, theuniform and compact CIGS films with good adhesion on ITO are successfully fabricated by these methods. The above characterization show that we have obtained CIGS films with high crystallinity, near stoichiometry, few impurity phases and superior light absorption. Electrodeposition, like magnetron sputtering, is very suitable for large-scale industrial production. The research work in this paper is therefore important and considerable to massive production of electrodeposition of CIGS films.

8.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(10): 3197-201, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30246510

RESUMO

Cu(InxGa1-x)Se2(CIGS) precursor films were prepared on ITO glass with potentiostatic electrodeposition. High quality CIGS films were obtained by selenization of the precursor films at high temperature in tubular furnace full of argon gas. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy were used to characterize the structure, morphology, composition and Vis-NIR absorption of CIGS films, respectively. XRD results show the selenized CIGS films have a preferential orientation (112) with average crystallite of 24.7 nm. Raman spectroscopy reveals that the CIGS films are pure quaternaryphases with chalcopyrite structure, and without binary or ternary phases in the films. Vis-NIR measurements determine that the bandgap of CIGS increases with the increase of Ga concentration in the film. When the Ga concentration is 5.41%, its bandgap is about 1.11 eV, and the calculated ratio of Ga to (Ga+In) is 16.3%, which is less than the ratio of Ga to (Ga+In), 21.4%, measured by SEM. This indicates that crystallinity of CIGS filmsneeds to be further improved. All the measurements demonstratethat optimum ITO/CIGS has a promising application in bifacial solar cells. In this paper, we provide a newmethodtoelectrodeposit low cost CIGS precursor films and a new method forselenization ofthe precursor films at high temperature. As a result, theuniform and compact CIGS films with good adhesion on ITO are successfully fabricated by these methods. The above characterization show that we have obtained CIGS films with high crystallinity, near stoichiometry, few impurity phases and superior light absorption. Electrodeposition, like magnetron sputtering, is very suitable for large-scale industrial production. The research work in this paper is therefore important and considerable to massive production of electrodeposition of CIGS films.

9.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 2(1): 55-60, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29063026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have revealed inconsistent results regarding the association between occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, we conducted a prospective cohort study to evaluate the association between occult HBV infection and CKD. METHODS: A total of 4329 adults, aged 46.2 ± 13.7 years, without CKD at baseline were enrolled while undergoing physical examinations. Occult HBV infection was defined as seropositivity for antibody to HBV core antigen. CKD was defined as decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR < 60 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2) or presence of proteinuria ≥1+, assessed using a repeated dipstick method. eGFR was computed using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. RESULTS: The prevalence of occult HBV infection was 8.1% (352/4329). During 5 years of follow-up, 165 patients (3.8%) developed CKD. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that occult HBV infection was positively associated with decreased eGFR, with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.15 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-4.11). In contrast, occult HBV infection was not associated with either proteinuria or CKD (P > 0.05). After adjustment for potential confounders in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis, age, hypertension, diabetes, and the highest quartile of uric acid were associated with CKD, with ORs of 1.04 (95% CI: 1.02-1.05), 2.1 (95% CI: 1.46-3.01), 2.02 (95% CI: 1.36-2.99), and 1.86 (95% CI: 1.17-2.95), respectively. However, occult HBV infection was not associated with CKD, with an OR of 1.12 (95% CI: 0.65-1.95). CONCLUSIONS: This study did not find an association between occult HBV infection and CKD. However, high-risk patients infected with HBV should still be targeted for monitoring for the development of CKD.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24963762

RESUMO

Lepturichthys fimbriata is an endemic and an important commercial fish which distributes in the upper stream of the Yangtze River. In this study, the complete mitogenome sequence of L. fimbriata has been first sequenced by DNA sequencing based on the PCR fragments. The mitogenome, consisting of 16,567 base pairs (bp), includes 13 protein coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and a non-coding control region (CR). The overall base composition of L. fimbriata is 30.4% A, 28.7% C, 16.5% G, and 24.4% T, with a relatively a slight AT bias of 54.7%. CR of 903 bp length is located between tRNA(Pro) and tRNA(Phe). The complete mitochondrial genome sequence would be useful for further studies on conservation genetics and resource management in L. fimbriata.


Assuntos
Peixes/genética , Genes Mitocondriais/fisiologia , Genoma Mitocondrial/fisiologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA/genética , RNA Mitocondrial , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25103447

RESUMO

Homatula potanini is an endemic and one of ornamental fishes in the upper stream of the Yangtze River and its tributaries. However, wild populations of H. potanini declined sharply due to anthropological activity in the Jinsha River during the past decades. In present study, the complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequence of H. potanini was first determined by DNA sequencing based on the PCR fragments. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence is a circular molecule of 16,569 bp in size. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and a control region (D-loop). The gene nucleotide composition of H. potanini is 30.1% A, 26.9% C, 16.7% G, and 26.3% T, with a relatively high A + T content (56.4%). The results could provide useful data for studies on genetic structure and rational resource conservation in H. potanini.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Animais , Composição de Bases , Tamanho do Genoma , Mitocôndrias/genética
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24865916

RESUMO

Schizothorax chongi is an endemic and important polyploidy fish in the upper stream of the Yangtze River. S. chongi represents a typical model species to study historical adaptation and evolution in the Tibetan Plateau. In this study, the complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequence of S. chongi was first determined by DNA sequencing based on the PCR fragments. The complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome sequence of S. chongi is a circular molecule of 16,584 bp in length. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and a control region (D-loop). The gene nucleotide composition of S. chongi is 29.6% A, 27.1% C, 17.9% G, and 25.4% T, with a high AT content (55.0%). The results could provide useful data for further studies on phylogenetics, conservation genetics and rational resource management for S. chongi.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Animais , Composição de Bases/genética , Sequência de Bases , Tamanho do Genoma , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , Tibet
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24919506

RESUMO

Triplophysa anterodorsalis is an endemic fish in the upper stream of the Yangtze River, Jinsha River and its tributaries. However, wild populations of T. anterodorsalis declined sharply due to cascade hydropower stations constructed successively in the Jinsha River during the past decades. In the present study, the complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequence of T. anterodorsalis was first determined by DNA sequencing based on the PCR fragments. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of T. anterodorsalis is a circular molecule of 16,567 bp in size. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and a control region (D-loop). The gene nucleotide composition of T. anterodorsalis is 27.37% A, 25.68% C, 18.37% G, and 28.57% T, with a relatively a relatively high A + T content (55.94%). The results could provide useful data for studies on genetic structure and diversity and rational resource conservation in T. anterodorsalis.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Animais , Composição de Bases/genética , Ordem dos Genes/genética , Tamanho do Genoma/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24937572

RESUMO

Jinshaia sinensis is an endemic and typical fish which is successfully adaptive to mountain torrents in the upper stream of the Yangtze River and its tributaries. In this study, the complete mitogenome sequence of J. sinensis has been first sequenced by DNA sequencing based on the PCR fragments. The mitogenome, consisting of 16,567 base pairs (bp), had typical vertebrate mitochondrial gene arrangement, including 13 protein coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and a noncoding control region (CR). The overall base composition of J. sinensis is 30.37% A, 28.82% C, 16.59% G, and 24.22% T, with a relatively a slight AT bias of 54.59%. CR of 903 bp length is located between tRNA(Pro) and tRNA(Phe). The complete mitochondrial genome may provide fundamental informative data not only for unravel the population structure and differentiation, but also for further conservation genetics studies on this balitorid species.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Animais , Composição de Bases/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(9): 3029-3034, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732869

RESUMO

In order to reveal the toxicity effect and risk of co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos in the current soil environment of China, using the earthworm Eisenia fetida as model organism, the effect of single, and co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos on the growth and antioxidant response of earthworm were analyzed by using the methods of filter paper test and artificial soil test. The results showed that the growth rate of earthworm tended to decrease with the increase of single exposure concentrations of Cu and chlorpyrifos in artificial soil test. The mass of earthworm had a relatively flat changing rate with the co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos. Using the addition of probability, the q values of different concentration groups of Cu and chlorpyrifos on the earthworm mass were less than 0.55, which indicated significant antagonistic effect. The joint effect of Cu and chlorpyrifos on the activities of CAT and SOD indicated antagonistic effect in filter paper test, while the effects of co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos on the contents of GSH and MDA showed a synergy effect of low concentrations and antagonism effect of high concentrations.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Cobre/toxicidade , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Animais , China , Solo
16.
Molecules ; 20(11): 19929-35, 2015 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26556327

RESUMO

Sedum sarmentosum is an important Chinese medicinal herb that exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-nociceptive properties. However, little is known about its genetic background. The first set of 14 microsatellite markers were isolated and characterized for S. sarmentosum using an SSR-enriched library. Fourteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were acquired with satisfactory amplifications and a polymorphic pattern in 48 S. sarmentosum individuals. The number of alleles ranged from 3 to 15. The observed and expected heterozygosities varied from 0.0833 to 0.8750 and 0.2168 to 0.9063, respectively. Two loci showed significant departure from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Cross-species amplification was carried out in other Sedum species. High rates of cross-species amplification were observed. The transferability value ranged from 85.7% in S. lineare to 64.3% in S. ellacombianum. These markers will be valuable for studying the genetic variation, population structure and germplasm characterization of S. sarmentosum and related Sedum species.


Assuntos
Cruzamentos Genéticos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Sedum/genética , Variação Genética
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 35(5): 595-602, 2015 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of three kinds extracts (saponins, volatile components, polysaccharide components) of Qingxin Kaiqiao Recipe (QKR) in improving learning and memory capabilities of Alzheimer's disease (AD) rats. METHODS: A controlled comparison method was used. Totally 56 male SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, i.e., the normal control group, the sham-operation group, the model group, the Aricept group, the saponin group, the benzene group, and the polysaccharide group, 8 in each group. AD rat model was established by bilateral hippocampus injection of Aß1-40 (2 µL, 2.5 µg/µL). The next day after modeling rats in the saponin group, the benzene group, and the polysaccharide group, the saponin group, the Aricept group were intragastrically administered with saponin (at the daily dose of 9 mL/kg, 2.1 g/mL) , benzene (at the daily dose of 3.33 mL/kg, 5.7 g/mL) , polysaccharide (at the daily dose of 8.33 mL/kg, 2.28 g/mL), Aricept (at the daily dose of 1.67 mg/kg), respectively, once a day for 2 consecutive weeks from 10 am every day. Equal volume of normal saline was intragastrically administered to rats in the normal control group and the model group. Learning and memory capabilities were detected using water maze 2 weeks later. Expression levels of synaptotagmin-1 (Syt-1), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), glia fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and ß-amyloid precursor protein (ßAPP) in the cortex and hippocampus of AD rats were detected using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Learning and memory capabilities could be improved by three kinds extracts of QKR. There was no statistical difference in the escape latency between the polysaccharide group and the model group (P >0. 05). The escape lacency was shortened in the rest treatment groups (P < 0.05). The escape latency was obviously prolonged in three kinds extracts of QKR groups, when compared with the Aricept group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, times for crossing platforms were significantly increased in the saponin group and the Aricept group (P < 0.05). Compared with the Aricept group, average times for crossing platforms were significantly lessened in three kinds extracts of QKR groups (P < 0.01). Compared with the sham-operation group, expression levels of Syt-1, IL-1ß, GFAP, and ßAPP in the cortex and hippocampus were increased in the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of cortical Syt-1 increased in the saponin group and the benzene group; the expression of cortical IL-1ß increased in the benzene group and the polysaccharide group; the expression of hippocampal GFAP increased in the three kinds extracts of QKR groups; expression levels of Syt-1, IL-1ß, GFAP, and ß-APP in the cortex and hippocampus decreased in the rest treatment groups (all P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the Aricept group, expression levels of Syt-1, IL-1ß, GFAP, and ßAPP in the cortex and hippocampus were significantly increased in three kinds extracts of QKR groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Three kinds extracts of QKR might play roles in anti-AD possibly by decreasing expression levels of Syt-1, IL-1ß, GFAP, and ßAPP in the cortex and hippocampus.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Aprendizagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide , Animais , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida , Hipocampo , Interleucina-1beta , Masculino , Memória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 36(1): 280-5, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25898676

RESUMO

Combined pollution of heavy metal and pesticide had posed a serious threat to soil ecology and human living environment. As two common types of pollutants in soil environment, the environmental effects of combined pollution of Cu and chlorpyrifos are worth for attention. The acute lethal effects and avoiding behavior of single and co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos on earthworms were analyzed by using the methods of standard OECD filter paper test and artificial soil test. Results showed that the LC(50,48 h) and LC(50,14 d) of the acute toxicity of Cu on earthworm in filter paper test and in artificial soil test were 2.23 microg x cm(-2) and 496.05 mg x kg(-1), respectively. The LC(50,48 h) and LC(50,14 d) of the acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos on earthworm in filter paper test and in artificial soil test were 5.94 microg x cm(-2) and 186.07 mg x kg(-1), respectively. In filter paper test and artificial soil test, the joint acute toxicity of Cu and chlorpyrifos showed an additive effect while the concentration was 1:1. The type of combined effects of co-exposure of Cu and chlorpyrifos was synergistic effect and antagonistic effect in filter paper test and artificial soil test, respectively, while the toxicity was 1:1. The results of avoidance behavior test showed that the joint effect of Cu and chlorpyrifos on the avoidance behavior of earthworms was antagonistic.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Cobre/toxicidade , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resíduos de Praguicidas/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Animais , Dose Letal Mediana , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Solo/química
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(9): 3386-90, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24288980

RESUMO

Tetracycline antibiotics are a group of antibiotics which has been extensively used in most countries and are also the most widely used veterinary drugs and food additives in aquaculture and livestock industries of China. Because the substances are poorly adsorbed in the gut of animals and are only partially eliminated in sewage treatment plants, the antibiotics and their metabolites reach surface water where they may affect the aquatic organisms and human health. Herein, using green algae as test organisms, we studied the effects of tetracycline (TC), chlortetracycline (CTC) and deoxyteracycline (DC) on the cell permeability and growth inhibition of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Scenedesmus obliquus. After 96 h of antibiotics exposure, the permeability of the cell membranes of both algae was decreased in the entire concentration range of doxycycline and was increased after exposure to a low concentration of tetracycline and chlortetracycline, then was decreased with the increase of the two antibiotics concentrations. The growth inhibiting effects of these three antibiotics on Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Scenedesmus obliquus were in an order of DC > TC > CTC. The ecotoxic response of Scenedesmus obliquus to tetracycline antibiotics was more sensitive than Chlorella pyrenoidosa.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Chlorella/efeitos dos fármacos , Scenedesmus/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , China , Testes de Toxicidade
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