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1.
Gene ; 808: 145966, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530089

RESUMO

This study was designed to construct a prognostic risk model to predict prognosis and immunotherapy response of bladder cancer (BCa) patinets. 350 differential expressed immune-related genes (DEIRGs) were obtained according to the transcriptome profiling and immune-related genes from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and ImmPort database, respectively. A prognostic risk model was constructed based on 15 hub genes through univariate, multivariate, and LASSO Cox regression analyses. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.743, indicating the superiority of the model. The scatter plot showed that as the risk score increased, the overall survival decreased significantly. In addition, all results were internally verified by the TCGA cohort. The model showed that the higher the grade, clinical stage, and TNM stage of BCa, the higher the risk score of patients. The tumor mutation burden of the low-risk group was generally higher than that of the high-risk group. Immune cell infiltration analysis showed that CD8 T cells, naive CD4 T cells, follicular helper T cells and M0 Macrophage were significantly different between the two groups. Several key immune checkpoint genes were found to be significantly different between the two groups, such as CTLA4, PD-L1, CD47, CD276, CXCL8, and HAVCR2/TIM3. Finally, the analysis of immunotherapy revealed that the efficacy of CTLA4 or PD1 blockers alone was better in the low-risk group than in the high-risk group. Taken together, we developed and validated a prognostic risk model based on 15 hub genes, which performed well in predicting prognosis and immunotherapy response of BCa patients.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 275: 118697, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742424

RESUMO

Ionic conductive hydrogels have been widely applied in sensors, energy storage and soft electronics recently. However, most of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based ionic hydrogels are mainly fabricated by soaking the hydrogels in high concentration electrolyte solution which can induce the waste of electrolyte and solvent. Herein, we have designed cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) and ZnSO4 reinforced PVA based hydrogels through a one-pot simple freezing-thawing method at low ZnSO4 concentration without any soaking process. Furthermore, the hydrogel with 0.4% CNF exhibited stress up to 0.79 MPa (242% strain) and high ionic conductivity of 0.32 S m-1 (0.07 M ZnSO4). Moreover, hydrogel sensor displayed high linear gauge factor 1.70 (0-200% strain), excellent stability, durability and reliability. The integrated hydrogel sensor also showed excellent sensor performance for human motion monitoring. This work provides a new prospect for the design of cellulose reinforced conductive hydrogels via a facile method.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126022, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600092

RESUMO

Microwave-assisted guanidine hydrochloride deep eutectic solvents (DESs) was developed for rapid and efficient pretreatment of castor stalk. The DES synthesized with guanidine hydrochloride and lactic acid showed a better delignification (92.02%) and enzymatic saccharification yield (96.3%) than choline chloride and lactic acid DES resulted. In addition, high-purity (up to 98%) lignin was recovered from the pretreatment liquor. The good recyclability of the guanidine hydrochloride-based DES was also proven with up to 90% cellulose hydrolysis with third-time recycled DES without post purification. The proposed microwave-assisted guanidine hydrochloride/lactic acid DES showed its great potentials as a highly effective and recyclable pretreatment solvent for future biorefinery strategies.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126122, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653625

RESUMO

The lignin-first biorefinery approach was desirable to produce lignin-derived products by protecting the linkages of lignin and reducing condensation reaction. However, so far lignin-first strategy studies were mainly carried out under harsh conditions, causing serious destruction of lignin structure and reduction of chemically labile linkages, which was not conducive to enhance value of lignin adequately. In this work, mild fractionation of poplar via lignin-first strategy using dioxane/methanol at 80 °C was developed for purposely extracting reactive lignin with a relatively higher yield (>50%), purity (>99%), ß-O-4' linkages and p-hydroxybenzoate group as compared with controlled sample. In addition, glucose yield of cellulose-rich residue under lignin-first strategy was significantly enhanced to 98.57% due to the superior cellulase adsorption abilities, which was obviously higher than the controlled group (53.88%). Overall, this mild lignin-first strategy was promising to fractionate lignocellulose into reactive lignin and fermentable glucose, thereby achieving full utilization of lignocellulose biomass.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103030, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719884

RESUMO

Detection of biomarkers associated with body conditions provides in-depth healthcare information and benefits to disease management, where the key challenge is to develop a minimally invasive platform with the ability to directly detect multiple biomarkers in body fluid. Dermal tattoo biosensor holds the potential to simultaneously detect multiple health-related biomarkers in skin interstitial fluid because of the features of minimal invasion, easy operation, and equipment-free result reading. Herein, a colorimetric dermal tattoo biosensor fabricated by a four-area segmented microneedle patch is developed for multiplexed detection of health-related biomarkers. The biosensor exhibits color changes in response to the change of biomarker concentration (i.e., pH, glucose, uric acid, and temperature), which can be directly read by naked eyes or captured by a camera for semi-quantitative measurement. It is demonstrated that the colorimetric dermal tattoo biosensor can simultaneously detect multiple biomarkers in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo, and monitor the changes of the biomarker concentration for at least 4 days, showing its great potential for long-term health monitoring.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 724471, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721021

RESUMO

Aim: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (HIR) induces remote organs injury, including the brain. The homeostasis of the brain is maintained by the blood-brain barrier (BBB); thus, we aimed to investigate whether HIR impaired BBB and attempted to elucidate its underlying mechanism. Methods: Cell viability of human cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3) was measured following 24 h incubation with a serum of HIR rat undergoing 1 h ischemia and 4 h reperfusion, liver homogenate, or lysate of primary hepatocytes of the rat. The liver homogenate was precipitated using (NH4)2SO4 followed by separation on three columns and electrophoresis to identify the toxic molecule. Cell activity, apoptosis, proliferation, cell cycle, and expressions of proteins related to cell cycle were measured in hCMEC/D3 cells incubated with identified toxic molecules. HIR rats undergoing 1 h ischemia and 24 h reperfusion were developed to determine the release of an identified toxic molecule. BBB function was indexed as permeability to fluorescein and brain water. Endothelial cell proliferation and expressions of proteins related to the cell cycle in cerebral microvessels were measured by immunofluorescence and western blot. Results: Toxic molecule to BBB in the liver was identified to be arginase. Arginase inhibitor nor-NOHA efficiently attenuated hCMEC/D3 damage caused by liver homogenate and serum of HIR rats. Both arginase and serum of HIR rats significantly lowered arginine (Arg) in the culture medium. Arg addition efficiently attenuated the impairment of hCMEC/D3 caused by arginase or Arg deficiency, demonstrating that arginase impaired hCMEC/D3 via depriving Arg. Both arginase and Arg deficiency damaged hCMEC/D3 cells by inhibiting cell proliferation, retarding the cell cycle to G1 phase, and downregulating expressions of cyclin A, cyclin D, CDK2, and CDK4. HIR notably increased plasma arginase activity and lowered Arg level, increased the BBB permeability accompanied with enhanced brain water, and decreased the proliferative cells (marked by Ki67) in cerebral microvessels (marked by CD31) and protein expressions of cyclin A, cyclin D, CDK2 and CDK4 in isolated brain microvessels. Oral supplement of Arg remarkably attenuated these HIR-induced alterations. Conclusion: HIR leads to substantial release of arginase from the injured liver and then deprives systemic Arg. The Arg deficiency further impairs BBB via inhibiting the proliferation of brain microvascular endothelial cells by cell cycle arrest.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 743259, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721032

RESUMO

Background: Dual antiplatelet therapy combining aspirin with a P2Y12 adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor is a therapeutic mainstay for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the optimal choice of P2Y12 adenosine diphosphate receptor inhibitor in elderly (aged ≥65 years) patients remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in elderly patients with ACS. Methods: We comprehensively searched in Web of Science, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane databases through 29th March, 2021 for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor or clopidogrel plus aspirin in elderly patients with ACS. Four studies were included in the final analysis. A fixed effects model or random effects model was applied to analyze risk ratios (RRs) and hazard ratios (HRs) across studies, and I2 to assess heterogeneity. Results: A total number of 4429 elderly patients with ACS were included in this analysis, of whom 2170 (49.0%) patients received aspirin plus ticagrelor and 2259 (51.0%) received aspirin plus clopidogrel. The ticagrelor group showed a significant advantage over the clopidogrel group concerning all-cause mortality (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.63-0.96, I2 = 0%; RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.95, I2 = 0%) and cardiovascular death (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.56-0.91, I2 = 0%; RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.62-0.94, I2 = 5%) but owned a higher risk of PLATO major or minor bleeding (HR 1.46, 95% CI 1.13-1.89, I2 = 0%; RR 1.40, 95% CI 1.11-1.76, I2 = 0%). Both the groups showed no significant difference regarding major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.68-1.65, I2 = 77%; RR 1.04, 95% CI 0.69-1.58, I2 = 77%). Conclusion: For elderly ACS patients, aspirin plus ticagrelor reduces cardiovascular death and all-cause mortality but increases the risk of bleeding. Herein, aspirin plus ticagrelor may extend lifetime for elderly ACS patients compared with aspirin plus clopidogrel. The optimal DAPT for elderly ACS patients may be a valuable direction for future research studies.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 759007, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722313

RESUMO

Objectives: To develop and validate a deep learning (DL)-based primary tumor biopsy signature for predicting axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis preoperatively in early breast cancer (EBC) patients with clinically negative ALN. Methods: A total of 1,058 EBC patients with pathologically confirmed ALN status were enrolled from May 2010 to August 2020. A DL core-needle biopsy (DL-CNB) model was built on the attention-based multiple instance-learning (AMIL) framework to predict ALN status utilizing the DL features, which were extracted from the cancer areas of digitized whole-slide images (WSIs) of breast CNB specimens annotated by two pathologists. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) were analyzed to evaluate our model. Results: The best-performing DL-CNB model with VGG16_BN as the feature extractor achieved an AUC of 0.816 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.758, 0.865) in predicting positive ALN metastasis in the independent test cohort. Furthermore, our model incorporating the clinical data, which was called DL-CNB+C, yielded the best accuracy of 0.831 (95%CI: 0.775, 0.878), especially for patients younger than 50 years (AUC: 0.918, 95%CI: 0.825, 0.971). The interpretation of DL-CNB model showed that the top signatures most predictive of ALN metastasis were characterized by the nucleus features including density (p = 0.015), circumference (p = 0.009), circularity (p = 0.010), and orientation (p = 0.012). Conclusion: Our study provides a novel DL-based biomarker on primary tumor CNB slides to predict the metastatic status of ALN preoperatively for patients with EBC.

9.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 223, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, an increasing mental health issue, is a core feature of the aging brain and neurodegenerative diseases. Industrialized nations especially, have experienced a marked decrease in dietary fiber intake, but the potential mechanism linking low fiber intake and cognitive impairment is poorly understood. Emerging research reported that the diversity of gut microbiota in Western populations is significantly reduced. However, it is unknown whether a fiber-deficient diet (which alters gut microbiota) could impair cognition and brain functional elements through the gut-brain axis. RESULTS: In this study, a mouse model of long-term (15 weeks) dietary fiber deficiency (FD) was used to mimic a sustained low fiber intake in humans. We found that FD mice showed impaired cognition, including deficits in object location memory, temporal order memory, and the ability to perform daily living activities. The hippocampal synaptic ultrastructure was damaged in FD mice, characterized by widened synaptic clefts and thinned postsynaptic densities. A hippocampal proteomic analysis further identified a deficit of CaMKIId and its associated synaptic proteins (including GAP43 and SV2C) in the FD mice, along with neuroinflammation and microglial engulfment of synapses. The FD mice also exhibited gut microbiota dysbiosis (decreased Bacteroidetes and increased Proteobacteria), which was significantly associated with the cognitive deficits. Of note, a rapid differentiating microbiota change was observed in the mice with a short-term FD diet (7 days) before cognitive impairment, highlighting a possible causal impact of the gut microbiota profile on cognitive outcomes. Moreover, the FD diet compromised the intestinal barrier and reduced short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. We exploit these findings for SCFA receptor knockout mice and oral SCFA supplementation that verified SCFA playing a critical role linking the altered gut microbiota and cognitive impairment. CONCLUSIONS: This study, for the first time, reports that a fiber-deprived diet leads to cognitive impairment through altering the gut microbiota-hippocampal axis, which is pathologically distinct from normal brain aging. These findings alert the adverse impact of dietary fiber deficiency on brain function, and highlight an increase in fiber intake as a nutritional strategy to reduce the risk of developing diet-associated cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases. Video Abstract.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 728300, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776954

RESUMO

Sevoflurane can induce memory impairment during clinical anesthesia; however, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. TASK-3 channels are one of the potential targets of sevoflurane. Accumulating evidence supports a negative role of intracranial theta rhythms (4-12 Hz) in memory formation. Here, we investigated whether TASK-3 channels contribute to sevoflurane-induced memory impairment by regulating hippocampal theta rhythms. In this study, the memory performance of mice was tested by contextual fear conditioning and inhibitory avoidance experiments. The hippocampal local field potentials (LFPs) were recorded from chronically implanted electrodes located in CA3 region. The results showed that sevoflurane concentration-dependently impaired the memory function of mice, as evidenced by the decreased time mice spent on freezing and reduced latencies for mice to enter the shock compartment. Our electrophysiological results revealed that sevoflurane also enhanced the spectral power of hippocampal LFPs (1-30 Hz), particularly in memory-related theta rhythms (4-12 Hz). These effects were mitigated by viral-mediated knockdown of TASK-3 channels in the hippocampal CA3 region. The knockdown of hippocampal TASK-3 channels significantly reduced the enhancing effect of sevoflurane on hippocampal theta rhythms and alleviated sevoflurane-induced memory impairment. Our data indicate that sevoflurane can increase hippocampal theta oscillations and impair memory function via TASK-3 channels.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784463

RESUMO

Direct emission of circularly polarized light from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is a research hotspot as it could increase the efficiency and significantly simplify device architecture of OLED-based 3D displays. In this study, R/S-OBS-Cz and R/S-OBS-TCz with axial chirality were efficiently prepared by using a stable chiral octahydro-binaphthol unit, carbazole/3,6-ditert-butylcarbazole donors, and a 5,5,10,10-tetraoxide acceptor. The chiral unit-acceptor-donor structure provides them not only thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) characteristics with minor singlet-triplet energy gaps of 0.04 and 0.05 eV but also obvious circularly polarized photoluminescence (CPPL) phenomenon with dissymmetry factors of 8.7 × 10-4 and 6.4 × 10-4 in codoped films. Meanwhile, the CP-OLEDs prepared by enantiomers exhibit good device performances with the maximum external quantum efficiency reaching 20.3% and ideal efficiency roll-off as well as obvious CPEL properties with a |gEL| factor up to 1.0 × 10-3.

12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 11006-11012, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin inflammation with a heterogeneous immunological profile. Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a liver-derived multifunctional cytokine that has been studied due to its important role in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, the relationship between AD and LECT2 has not been defined. This study was performed to investigate the levels of LECT2 in patients with AD and to determine whether it was associated with the severity and clinical characteristics of AD. METHODS: The study included 42 AD patients and 30 healthy controls from the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Ningbo University. Participants' serum levels of LECT2 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. The values in the patient group and control group were statistically compared. The relationships between the different markers were evaluated by correlation analysis. RESULTS: The serum levels of LECT2 were significantly higher in AD patients than those in the controls. In addition, LECT2 was significantly correlated with the Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index, the level of immunoglobulin E (IgE), and eosinophils (P<0.01, for all 3). CONCLUSIONS: Serum LECT2 levels were evaluated in AD patients. The results showed that LECT2 may be a useful biomarker of AD, and may participate in the occurrence and regulation of inflammation in AD progression.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Biomarcadores , Fatores Quimiotáticos , Eosinófilos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Contagem de Leucócitos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Nano Lett ; 21(22): 9651-9660, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767374

RESUMO

Flexible aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) are considered as promising energy storage devices for wearable electronics due to their cost-effectiveness, environmental friendliness, and high theoretical energy density. Herein, a flexible fiber-shaped aqueous ZIB is demonstrated by using a self-assembled Co3O4 nanosheet array on a carbon nanotube fiber as the cathode and Zn nanosheets deposited on a carbon nanotube fiber as the anode. The cycle life span of the fiber-shaped battery is largely enhanced by a simple electrolyte dynamics engineering strategy of preadding a trace amount of Co2+ cations in the mild aqueous electrolyte. The assembled fiber-shaped ZIB shows a high specific capacity (158.70 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1), superior rate capacity, and excellent cycling life span (97.27% capacity retention after 10,000 cycles). Additionally, the fiber-shaped ZIB also shows superior flexibility, which can charge a smart watch under deformed states. This work provides new opportunities for the development of flexible, safe, and high-performance energy storage devices for wearable electronics.

14.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 197: 113777, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781177

RESUMO

Wearable sensors in healthcare monitoring have recently found widespread applications in biomedical fields for their non- or minimal-invasive, user-friendly and easy-accessible features. Sensing materials is one of the major challenges to achieve these superiorities of wearable sensors for healthcare monitoring, while graphene-based materials with many favorable properties have shown great efficiency in sensing various biochemical and biophysical signals. In this paper, we review state-of-the-art advances in the development and modification of graphene-based materials (i.e., graphene, graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide) for fabricating advanced wearable sensors with 1D (fibers), 2D (films) and 3D (foams/aerogels/hydrogels) macroscopic structures. We summarize the structural design guidelines, sensing mechanisms, applications and evolution of the graphene-based materials as wearable sensors for healthcare monitoring of biophysical signals (e.g., mechanical, thermal and electrophysiological signals) and biochemical signals from various body fluids and exhaled gases. Finally, existing challenges and future prospects are presented in this area.

15.
J Microbiol Methods ; : 106380, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813868

RESUMO

In this study, we found that it is possible to screen Lactobacillus strains that enhance the immune function of mice using HCT-8 cells. Lactobacillus were co-incubated with intestinal epithelial HCT-8 cells to detect and screen the strains that induced more interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the culture supernatant. Simultaneously, a mouse model of low immunity was established to administer the screened lactobacilli by gavage. After 4 weeks of continuous gavage, related cytokines in blood and immune cell indexes in organs were detected to comprehensively evaluate the feasibility of in vitro cell culture model for screening immune-enhancing strains. The content of IL-6 in the culture supernatant of HCT-8 cells induced by the three tested strains increased approximately 5, 8 and 15 fold compared with that of the control group. IL-6 content in serum of mice was significantly higher than that of the control group provided with cyclophosphamide (CTX). Lactobacillus paracasei ZLPC01 presented a higher ability to protect against the immune damage of CTX by decreasing the serum IgG level, increasing the transformation of mouse splenocytes, and the activity of NK cells. Furthermore, L. paracasei ZLPC01 increased cytokine content in serum (IL-6, IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ) and colon (IL-6 and TNF-α) in CTX-treated mice. Screening strains that enhance immunity via an in vitro cell-line is simple in operation, and the results are well correlated with those of animal experiments, which is feasible and effective in practice. In addition, L. paracasei ZLPC01 could have the potential to enhance the immunity of mice effectively through inducing intestinal cells to produce L-6, TNF-α and other cytokines.

16.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; : 110987, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auricular reconstruction is the sole therapy for external ear deformities. The flap pocket method and the expansion method are currently the two principal auricular reconstruction methods in microtia. The efficacy and safety of these two surgical techniques has long been a subject of controversy, bedeviled by a lack of objective comparative evidence. METHODS: The authors searched the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases for clinical studies on auricular reconstruction in microtia updated to Jan 1, 2021. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the major outcomes for patient convenience, incidence of complications and postoperative patient satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of twenty-two articles involving 7963 patients were included in this study. Nine studies involving 2475 patients concerned the flap pocket method and thirteen studies involving 5488 patients concerned the expansion method. The pooled patient satisfaction rate was higher using the flap pocket method than the expansion method (90.5% versus 83.3%, p = 0.000). Total complication incidence was lower using the flap pocket method than with the expansion method (6.8% versus 9.5%, p = 0.000). There were zero expander-related complications using the flap pocket method, but a 4% complication incidence using the expansion method. The total treatment period for the flap pocket method was 5.57 ± 1.13 months, much shorter than the 10.75 ± 3.54 months (p < 0.05) of the expansion method. CONCLUSIONS: In microtia, the flap pocket method scores higher on patient satisfaction, while having lower post-operative complications and a shorter treatment period compared with the expansion method.

17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 678252, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805193

RESUMO

Background: Patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who require continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) have a high risk of in-hospital mortality. It is clinically important to screen high-risk patients using a model or scoring system. This study aimed to develop and validate a simple-to-use nomogram consisting of independent prognostic variables for the prediction of in-hospital mortality in patients with AHF undergoing CRRT. Methods: We collected clinical data for 121 patients with a diagnosis of AHF who underwent CRRT in an AHF unit between September 2011 and August 2020 and from 105 patients in the medical information mart for intensive care III (MIMIC-III) database. The nomogram model was created using a visual processing logistic regression model and verified using the standard method. Results: Patient age, days after admission, lactic acid level, blood glucose concentration, and diastolic blood pressure were the significant prognostic factors in the logistic regression analyses and were included in our model (named D-GLAD) as predictors. The resulting model containing the above-mentioned five factors had good discrimination ability in both the training group (C-index, 0.829) and the validation group (C-index, 0.740). The calibration and clinical effectiveness showed the nomogram to be accurate for the prediction of in-hospital mortality in both the training and validation cohort when compared with other models. The in-hospital mortality rates in the low-risk, moderate-risk, and high-risk groups were 14.46, 40.74, and 71.91%, respectively. Conclusion: The nomogram allowed the optimal prediction of in-hospital mortality in adults with AHF undergoing CRRT. Using this simple-to-use model, the in-hospital mortality risk can be determined for an individual patient and could be useful for the early identification of high-risk patients. An online version of the D-GLAD model can be accessed at https://ahfcrrt-d-glad.shinyapps.io/DynNomapp/. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT0751838.

18.
Gland Surg ; 10(9): 2673-2685, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733717

RESUMO

Background: Three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography (3D EIT) is a novel, non-invasive, radiation-free imaging technology for breast cancer screening. This study aimed to identify characteristics and classification of 3D EIT breast cancer imaging that could provide diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value for breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 645 suspicious breast lesions [Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) III, IV, V] identified by mammography or ultrasound were examined with 3D EIT (MEIK, SIM-Technika, Yaroslavl, Russia). Breast tissue conductivity was quantified using MEIK 5.6 software. Diagnostic performance of visually interpreted 3D EIT was assessed using histology (surgical excision or vacuum core biopsy) and clinical follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates. Hazard ratio (HR) with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for various clinicopathological variables were determined using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. Results: Breast cancer was confirmed in 272 of 645 patients by histopathology and other diagnostic imaging modalities. Among the confirmed cases, 218 patients had positive 3D EIT findings. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive likelihood, and negative likelihood ratios of 3D EIT were 80.1%, 75.1%, 77.2%, 70.1%, and 83.8%. There were no significant differences in the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, or specificity between 3D EIT and mammography, ultrasound, or combined mammography and ultrasound. 3D EIT breast cancer images were classified into 3 different types, including Ia [non-complicated breast cancer (NCBC), 62 cases], Ib [complicated breast cancer (CBC), 131 cases], and Ic [edematous-infiltrative breast cancer (EIBC), 25 cases], which were associated with tumor size (P<0.001), TNM stage (P<0.001), and lymph node metastasis (P=0.012). At 5-year follow-up, multivariate analysis demonstrated that breast cancer 3D EIT imaging classification was an independent predictor for decreased OS (HR: 2.399, 95% CI: 1.035, 5.564, P=0.041) and PFS (HR: 2.836, 95% CI: 1.555, 5.172, P=0.012) in patients with breast cancer. Conclusions: 3D EIT breast cancer images were classified into 3 types based on different image characteristics. 3D EIT appeared to be useful in clinical diagnostic performance and prognostic evaluation in patients with breast cancer.

19.
Am J Nephrol ; : 1-10, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transplant glomerulopathy (TG) is a morphological lesion resulting from chronic glomerular endothelium injury, and it is strongly associated with poor graft survival. TG coexisting with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) can be found in renal allograft biopsies, but few related studies are available. METHODS: Consecutive kidney transplant recipients with biopsy-proven TG were studied retrospectively. Patients concomitant with FSGS were identified and compared with those without FSGS. The influence of FSGS on allograft outcomes was assessed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models. RESULTS: Of the 66 patients with TG, 40 (60.6%) had concomitant FSGS. TG patients with FSGS had higher proteinuria (median, 2.6 vs. 0.8 g/24 h, p < 0.001) and serum creatinine levels (median, 2.5 vs. 2.1 mg/dL, p = 0.04), lower serum albumin levels, higher chronic glomerulopathy (cg) score, larger glomerular tuft area, lower number of podocytes, and higher incidences of podocyte hyperplasia, pseudotubule formation, and diffuse foot process effacement than those without FSGS (all p < 0.05). The kidney allograft loss rate of patients with FSGS was higher than that of patients without FSGS (65.7% vs. 37.5%, p = 0.03). The presence of FSGS was independently associated with allograft loss in TG (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.42, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30-8.98, p = 0.01). Other independent predictors were proteinuria (HR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.02-1.37, p = 0.02), estimated glomerular filtration rate (HR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91-0.97, p < 0.001), and panel reactive antibody (HR = 3.99, 95% CI: 1.14-13.99, p = 0.03). Moreover, FSGS (odds ratio (OR) = 4.39, 95% CI: 1.29-14.92, p = 0.02) and cg (OR = 5.36, 95% CI: 1.56-18.40, p = 0.01) were independent risk factors for proteinuria. CONCLUSION: In this cohort of patients with TG, the presence of FSGS was strongly associated with more severe clinicopathological features and worse allograft survival.

20.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt A): 131405, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742045

RESUMO

Pyrimidines are critical nutrients and key biomolecules in nucleic acid biosynthesis and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Here, we proposed the concept of the pyrimidine metabolome, which covers 14 analytes in pyrimidine de novo and salvage synthetic pathways, and established a novel analytical strategy with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to efficiently illustrate pyrimidine transient distribution and dynamic balance. The lower limits of quantification (LLOQs) of all analytes were less than 10 ng/mL. Acceptable inter- and intra-day relative deviation (<15%) was detected, and good stability was obtained under different storage conditions. Metabolomics analysis revealed pyrimidine metabolic diversity in the plasma and brain among species, and a visualization strategy exhibited that pyrimidine biosynthetic metabolism is quite active in brain. Distinct metabolic features were also observed in cells with pyrimidine metabolomic disorders during proliferation and apoptosis. Absolute concentrations of pyrimidine metabolites in different bio-samples offered reference data for future pyrimidine studies.

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