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1.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1164, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783810

RESUMO

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported the following error is the article.

2.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803960

RESUMO

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a powerful new technology allowing the analysis of transcriptomes from individual cell and is ideally suited to dissect immune cell heterogeneity. ScRNA-seq has already been applied to identify novel immune cell subsets, elaborate cellular differentiation trajectories, and elucidate immunopathogenic mechanisms. Here, we briefly discuss the recent progresses and challenges in the scRNA-seq technology including the workflow, recent applications in immunology, and potential hurdles that need to be overcome. This review will highlight how single cell technology promotes our understanding of human immunology.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135013, 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757543

RESUMO

Electron beam (EB) has proven to be an effective advanced oxidation reduction process (AORP) to degrade the psychiatric drug carbamazepine (CBZ); however, the degradation mechanism and the toxicity of the final reaction solutions to aquatic microorganisms needed further investigation. In this study, CBZ was eventually degraded and even mineralized by EB treatment, where the degradation of CBZ followed the pseudo-first-order kinetics with R2 > 0.98. Acidic conditions, presence of an additional oxidant (2.5 mmol L-1 H2O2), and O2/air-saturated conditions improved the degradation efficiency of CBZ, as well as the radiation chemical yield (G-value defined as the efficiency of the irradiation process). Concentrations of transient reactive species (TRS) caused by EB were quantified under different conditions at doses of 0.956 and 3.17 kGy, and the apparent quantum yield of CBZ degradation was in the order of OH > H > eaq-. However, the contribution of these species to CBZ degradation was in the order of OH > eaq- >H due to the generation of only a small amount of H. Findings regarding the changes of in CBZ degradation intermediates, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and total organic carbon showed that CBZ can gradually be mineralized into CO2/CO32-, H2O, and NH3/NH4+ by the EB process. Additionally, an excellent rotifer survival rate after 5-day culturing in the reaction solutions resulting from 5-kGy treatment indicated that EB can be a safe AORP to mineralize CBZ in solution. These findings provide scientific proof for the EB being an effective AORP for removal of psychiatric drugs from aqueous solutions, laying the foundation for future remediation research.

4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 19(1): 369, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Involuntary subordination is a mechanism that switches off fighting behaviors when a losing organism is unable to continue in a struggle. The study aim was to investigate the association between involuntary subordination and the common mental disorders of anxiety and depression among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 547 MSM in four Shanghai districts. Sociodemographic and psychosocial participant data were collected. Logistic regression was used to assess the association between anxiety, depression, and involuntary subordination. RESULTS: 12.2 and 30.9% Of the MSM demonstrated high levels of anxiety and depression respectively. Univariate analysis showed that involuntary subordination and the involuntary subordination constructs of defeat, social comparison, submissive behavior, and entrapment were associated with anxiety and depression. Multivariate analysis indicated that defeat (ORm = 1.091, 95% CI = 1.004-1.185) and entrapment (ORm = 1.174, 95% CI = 1.079-1.278) were significantly associated with anxiety. Defeat (ORm = 1.265, 95% CI = 1.166-1.372), social comparison (ORm = 1.119, 95% CI = 1.061-1.181), entrapment (ORm = 1.132, 95% CI = 1.047-1.224), and submissive behavior (ORm = 0.897, 95% CI = 0.825-0.975) were significantly associated with depression. CONCLUSIONS: The findings confirmed an association between anxiety, depression, and involuntary subordination among MSM. These findings could form the basis of a new, integrated, and holistic approach to the identification of high-risk groups and the development of interventions for anxiety and depression among MSM.

5.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 150: 110666, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669713

RESUMO

Un-restored (R0) and restored (in 2006 (R2006) and in 2002, (R2002)) coastal wetlands were selected to study phosphorus (P) storage capacity and the risk of P loss in the Yellow River Delta (YRD). The results showed that the maximum P sorption capacity (Qmax) in the wetland sediments varied between 201.8-1168.6 mg kg-1; the average value was 576.2 mg kg-1. Qmax increased with increasing time since restoration (R2002 > R2006 > R0). The eutrophication risk index (ERI) ranged between 0.27-2.07% and decreased with increasing time since restoration, but the relationship was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). A correlation analysis demonstrated that Feox, Mg, and Alox are the main P sorption agents in wetland sediments, whereas TOC, pH, and clay particles have an important effect on P sorption and release. The analysis suggests that we should restore degraded coastal wetlands to help reduce the P load to offshore waters.

6.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 150: 110642, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733437

RESUMO

The pollution of continental shelf sea sediments has always been an important issue for scientists because it can directly affect marine life and marine ecology. Thus, we carried out detailed studies of environmental magnetism and heavy metals in 145 surface sediment samples from the area southeast of the Zhoushan Islands in the East China Sea. The magnetic minerals in the sediments are mainly magnetite with a small amount of goethite and hematite. The magnetic mineral particles are mainly pseudosingle domain and contain a certain amount of superparamagnetic particles. The distribution of the magnetic mineral content shows a gradual decreasing trend from land to sea, which is closely related to the sediment transport pattern. The anhysteretic remanent magnetization (χARM) and χARM ratio to magnetic susceptibilities (χARM/χ) were more sensitive than other indexes to sediment pollution and could be used as indicators for environmental pollution in the nearshore area. Additionally, a correlation analysis with the major elements showed that the χARM ratio to saturation isothermal remanence (χARM/SIRM) can well explain the sources of terrigenous sediment. Therefore, the environmental magnetic parameters in the continental shelf area can be used as a precursor for geochemical research and provide data support for further research.

7.
J Card Surg ; 34(12): 1556-1562, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with unoperated functional single ventricle (FSV) rarely survive into adulthood with good functional status and there are few reports about surgical results of adult patients with FSV. This study retrospectively reviews our experience with surgery in adult patients with FSV. METHODS: From January 2008 to September 2017, 65 adult patients with FSV underwent surgery in our hospital. Twenty underwent Blalock-Taussig shunt or bidirectional Glenn procedures in other hospitals prior, and four were lost to follow-up. Finally, 41 patients were included in this study. RESULTS: The early postoperative mortality was 7.3% (3/41). Postoperative systemic arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2 , 83.7% ± 4.8%) was significantly higher than preoperative SpO2 (77.9% ± 10.1%, P < .01). The mean follow-up time was 3.9 ± 3.1 years (range 1-11 years). There was only one case of late mortality and massive hemoptysis was the cause of death. Right ventricular morphology and severe atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) were the risk factors of postoperative death for patients with pulmonary stenosis(PS). There was no death case in patients who received Fontan procedure. In a follow-up, we found the grade of AVVR was reduced and the grade of heart function (New York Heart Association) was improved. CONCLUSIONS: Adult patients with FSV can also undergo surgery. The mortality was acceptable and late results were satisfactory. After surgery, oxygen saturations increased, grades of AVVR decreased and the heart functions improved. Right ventricular morphology and severe AVVR were risk factors for patients with PS.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(15): 156801, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702286

RESUMO

We propose a realization of the lattice-symmetry-assisted second-order topological superconductors with corner Majorana zero modes (MZM) based on two-dimensional topological insulators (2DTI). The lattice symmetry can naturally lead to the anisotropic coupling of edge states along different directions to the in-plane magnetic field and conventional s-wave pairings, thus leading to a single MZM located at the corners for various lattice patterns. In particular, we focus on the 2DTI with D_{3d} lattice symmetry and found different types of gap opening for the edge states along the armchair and zigzag edges in a broad range of parameters. As a consequence, a single MZM exists at the corner between the zigzag and armchair edges, and is robust against weakly broken lattice symmetry. We propose to realize such corner MZMs in a variety of polygon patterns, such as triangles and quadrilaterals. We further show their potentials in building the Majorana network through constructing the Majorana Y junction under an in-plane magnetic field.

9.
PLoS Med ; 16(11): e1002955, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Kidney Failure Risk Equation (KFRE) uses the 4 variables of age, sex, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to predict the risk of end stage renal disease (ESRD), i.e., the need for dialysis or a kidney transplant, within 2 and 5 years. Currently, national guideline writers in the UK and other countries are evaluating the role of the KFRE in renal referrals from primary care to secondary care, but the KFRE has had limited external validation in primary care. The study's objectives were therefore to externally validate the KFRE's prediction of ESRD events in primary care, perform model recalibration if necessary, and assess its projected impact on referral rates to secondary care renal services. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Individuals with 2 or more Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) eGFR values < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 more than 90 days apart and a urine ACR or protein-to-creatinine ratio measurement between 1 December 2004 and 1 November 2016 were included in the cohort. The cohort included 35,539 (5.6%) individuals (57.5% female, mean age 75.9 years, median CKD-EPI eGFR 51 ml/min/1.73 m2, median ACR 3.2 mg/mmol) from a total adult practice population of 630,504. Overall, 176 (0.50%) and 429 (1.21%) ESRD events occurred within 2 and 5 years, respectively. Median length of follow-up was 4.7 years (IQR 2.8 to 6.6). Model discrimination was excellent for both 2-year (C-statistic 0.932, 95% CI 0.909 to 0.954) and 5-year (C-statistic 0.924, 95% 0.909 to 0.938) ESRD prediction. The KFRE overpredicted risk in lower (<20%) risk groups. Reducing the model's baseline risk improved calibration for both 2- and 5-year risk for lower risk groups, but led to some underprediction of risk in higher risk groups. Compared to current criteria, using referral criteria based on a KFRE-calculated 5-year ESRD risk of ≥5% and/or an ACR of ≥70 mg/mmol reduced the number of individuals eligible for referral who did not develop ESRD, increased the likelihood of referral eligibility in those who did develop ESRD, and referred the latter at a younger age and with a higher eGFR. The main limitation of the current study is that the cohort is from one region of the UK and therefore may not be representative of primary care CKD care in other countries. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort, the recalibrated KFRE accurately predicted the risk of ESRD at 2 and 5 years in primary care. Its introduction into primary care for referrals to secondary care renal services may lead to a reduction in unnecessary referrals, and earlier referrals in those who go on to develop ESRD. However, further validation studies in more diverse cohorts of the clinical impact projections and suggested referral criteria are required before the latter can be clinically implemented.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The modified extracardiac Fontan of direct total cavopulmonary connection (dTCPC) with entirely autologous vessels is a better solution in selected patients with functionally univentricular hearts because it combines the advantages of a tubular connection and of full growth potential. We investigated the mid-term to long-term outcomes of the physical condition of patients who had the dTCPC and assessed the growth potential of the autologous dTCPC pathway. METHODS: From July 2005 to June 2014, 31 patients, aged 1.8-14.0 years, underwent a modified extracardiac Fontan with dTCPC at our institution. Twenty-two patients underwent a 1-stage dTCPC and 9 patients underwent a 2-stage dTCPC. The preoperative and postoperative data were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: There were 17 (54.8%) boys and 14 (45.2%) girls, with a median age of 6.4 years (range 1.8-14.0 years) and a mean weight of 17.8 kg (range 9-41 kg). The mean follow-up period was 6.0 years (range 2.1-10.2 years). There was 1 early death and 2 late deaths. The event-free survival rate for the 31 patients was 88.9% at 10 years during the follow-up period. Late protein-losing enteropathy, thromboembolism, arrhythmia or heart failure were not observed. There was a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative data for body mass index and the diameters of the autologous dTCPC pathway and pulmonary artery branches, confirming that the growth potential of the autologous dTCPC pathway was realized. CONCLUSIONS: The dTCPC procedure could be performed with satisfactory midterm to long-term outcomes in selected patients. It has the potential of retaining the advantage of the extracardiac Fontan operation together with the potential for growth and the avoidance of prosthetic materials.

11.
J Card Surg ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692110

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The "modified single-patch" technique (Nunn's technique) has become more widely adopted, especially in small infants with common atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). In this study, we retrospectively reviewed our surgical experiences of the "modified single-patch" technique with CAVSD patients, including newborns and adults, to reveal the early and midterm clinical results. METHODS: There were 233 cases diagnosed with CAVSD undergoing biventricular repair in our hospital from June 2009 to 2016. A total of 197 cases (84.5%) with the "modified single-patch" technique were enrolled in the final analysis, including type A in 106 cases (53.8%), type B in 13 cases (6.6%), type C in 15 cases (7.6%), and intermediate type in 63 cases (32%). Major associated cardiovascular malformations included five cases of unroofed coronary sinus syndrome with LSVC (UCS), five cases of coarctation of the aorta and one case of translocation of the great artery. The median age at operation of the studied 197 cases was 44.3 ± 103.3 months (ranging from 18 days to 58 years old), including two newborns. Detailed information on the "modified single-patch" procedure was described previously, and the other cardiac malformations were repaired simultaneously with surgical repair. RESULTS: There were 14 (7.1%) early deaths and 3 (1.5%) late deaths at 3 months and 1 year after the initial operation, respectively. The total mortality rate was 8.1%, and there was no significant difference in mortality among the different age groups (P = .291). Five patients (2.5%) underwent reoperation because of severe mitral insufficiency (MI), and another patient was reoperated for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction 3 years after the initial surgery. Long-term survival in the <3 months group was significantly lower than that in the group of older children (1-18 years old). Of the 180 survivors who were followed up for at least 1 year, the proportion of severe MI began to drop from 26.2% before the operation to 13.8% just 1-week postoperation and continued to decline to the lowest level, 3.4%, at 3 months postoperation. However, MI began to rebound at 3 months and reached 20.8% at 1-year postoperation. The rebound of MI was evident in the (3 months, 6 months) age group and the >18 years age group. However, compared to the preoperation situation, the proportion of severe tricuspid insufficiencies decreased each month from 24.8% to 0.0% until 3 months after the operation and remained at a relatively low level within 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, age is not a limitation of the modified single-patch technique, and patients even in adults with surgical indications can apply this technique. In older children and adults, we should pay more attention to atrioventricular valve annuloplasty. Infants may suffer from severe residual left atrioventricular valve regurgitation, especially in the <3 months age group, so we should improve postoperative follow-up work during infancy.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15973, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685957

RESUMO

Jatropha curcas, an economically important biofuel feedstock with oil-rich seeds, has attracted considerable attention among researchers in recent years. Nevertheless, valuable information on the yield component of this plant, particularly regarding ovule development, remains scarce. In this study, transcriptome profiles of anther and ovule development were established to investigate the ovule development mechanism of J. curcas. In total, 64,325 unigenes with annotation were obtained, and 1723 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between different stages. The DEG analysis showed the participation of five transcription factor families (bHLH, WRKY, MYB, NAC and ERF), five hormone signaling pathways (auxin, gibberellic acid (GA), cytokinin, brassinosteroids (BR) and jasmonic acid (JA)), five MADS-box genes (AGAMOUS-2, AGAMOUS-1, AGL1, AGL11, and AGL14), SUP and SLK3 in ovule development. The role of GA and JA in ovule development was evident with increases in flower buds during ovule development: GA was increased approximately twofold, and JA was increased approximately sevenfold. In addition, the expression pattern analysis using qRT-PCR revealed that CRABS CLAW and AGAMOUS-2 were also involved in ovule development. The upregulation of BR signaling genes during ovule development might have been regulated by other phytohormone signaling pathways through crosstalk. This study provides a valuable framework for investigating the regulatory networks of ovule development in J. curcas.

13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 366, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) can be used for bone regeneration in the specified condition. Osteogenic differentiation of BMMSCs is controlled by microRNAs (miRNAs) and other factors. This study was aimed to identify the role and mechanism of miR-889 in regulating the osteogenic differentiation of BMMSCs. METHODS: Osteoporosis patients and normal control bone tissues were collected and used PCR techniques to identify the change of miR-889 and WNT7A. Moreover, the dynamic change of miR-889 and WNT7A during osteogenic differentiation of BMMSCs was also measured. Bioinformatic analysis was performed to identify the target genes and potential pathways of miR-889. Then, we constructed miR-889 mimic and inhibitor, ALP staining, ARS, osteoblastic-related protein, and Wnt ß-catenin signaling pathway-related protein were also measured. WNT7A siRNA was also used to verify the function of miR-889. RESULTS: In the present study, we showed that miR-889 expression was upregulated in osteoporosis patients than healthy control. However, the miR-889 expression was downregulated during osteogenic differentiation. Bioinformatics analysis found that miR-889 targets 666 genes and mainly through Wnt ß-catenin signaling pathway. Administrated miR-889 mimic, the ALP activity, and calcium deposition were decreased than the control group, while miR-889 inhibitor shown the opposite trend. And miR-889 could bind the 3'UTR of WNT7A. We further used WNT7A siRNA to explore the function of miR-889, and the results revealed that co-cultured with miR-889 inhibitor and WNT7A siRNA was associated with a reduction of ALP activity and calcium deposition and osteoblastic-related proteins than miR-889 inhibitor alone. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that miR-889 plays a negative role in inducing osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs through Wnt ß-catenin signaling pathway.

14.
Ann Med ; 51(7-8): 333-344, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714153

RESUMO

Albumin is the most abundant plasma protein and albumin infusion is commonly used. Conventionally, the biologic and therapeutic effects of albumin have been thought to be due to its oncotic properties. However, albumin has a variety of biologic functions, including molecular transport, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, endothelial stabilisation, anti-thrombotic effects, and the adjustment of capillary permeability. Despite this, the functions of albumin have not been thoroughly investigated. Recent studies have shown non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver failure to be associated with impairments in albumin function, which are associated with impairments in liver function and disease prognosis. Post-translational modifications of albumin cause structural modifications that affect protein function. Recently, the concentration of albumin associated with normal function, the 'efficient albumin concentration', has been attracting more interest. In addition, although many biologic markers, including albumin concentration, are widely used for the assessment of early liver dysfunction in patients with liver diseases, the predictive values are unsatisfactory. However, clinical evidence has suggested that albumin function may represent a novel biomarker of early impairment in liver function. In this review, we summarise the factors affecting albumin function and discuss the clinical significance of impairments in albumin function in various liver diseases.Key messagesThe importance of albumin depends not only on its concentration, but also on its various physiological functions.Impaired albumin function has been reported in a variety of liver diseases, and is associated with disease severity and prognosis, thereby proposing the concept of 'effective albumin concentration'.Albumin dysfunction occurs earlier than other conventional indicators, and albumin dysfunction may be a new biomarker of early impairment in liver function.Many exogenous and endogenous factors lead to post-translational modifications of albumin, which alters the three-dimensional structure of albumin, resulting in a decrease in its biological activity.

15.
Synapse ; : e22143, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706260

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the performance of acellular nerves prepared by different decellularization methods, screening out the optimal decellularization protocol, repairing the sciatic nerve defects in rats by the allogeneic transplantation, and evaluating the effect of regenerative nerve on the function reconstruction. The Sondell, SB-SDS, TnBP, and the high/low permeation methods were used to decellularize donor nerves. Nerves without any treatment were as the control group. The histological results were evaluated by HE staining and toluidine blue (TB) staining. The proliferation activity of L929 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The adhesion of Schwann cells was observed and quantified by SEM. Balb/c mice were used to evaluate the cellular and humoral immunogenicity of the nerve scaffolds. The rat sciatic nerve defect model was applied to observe the repair effect of acellular nerve scaffold in vivo. To SB-SDS group, it remained the original state of the nerves, with no observed nucleus and axons, the neurotoxicity grade detected by CCK-8 being almost 0, and it kept the largest number of Schwann cells adhered to the acellular nerve and the better morphology. Further, it showed that the selected SB-SDS rats acellular nerve scaffold could promote the nerve repair of the rats by HE staining and TB staining. We could conclude that the acellular nerve matrix prepared by the SB-SDS method effectively removes the cellular components in the nerve tissue and retains the main components of the extracellular matrix of the nerve tissue, whose rats decellularized nerve scaffold could promote the sciatic nerve repair better.

16.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21625, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565815

RESUMO

In insects, neuropeptides constitute a group of signaling molecules that act in regulation of multiple physiological and behavioral processes by binding to their corresponding receptors. On the basis of the bioinformatic approaches, we screened the genomic and transcriptomic data of the parasitoid wasp, Pteromalus puparum, and annotated 36 neuropeptide precursor genes and 33 neuropeptide receptor genes. Compared to the number of precursor genes in Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera), Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera), Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera), Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera), Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera), and Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera), P. puparum (Hymenoptera) has the lowest number of neuropeptide precursor genes. This lower number may relate to its parasitic life cycle. Transcriptomic data of embryos, larvae, pupae, adults, venom glands, salivary glands, ovaries, and the remaining carcass revealed stage-, sex-, and tissue-specific expression patterns of the neuropeptides, and their receptors. These data provided basic information about the identity and expression profiles of neuropeptides and their receptors that are required to functionally address their biological significance in an endoparasitoid wasp.

17.
Virology ; 538: 71-85, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580973

RESUMO

In order to confirm the existence of W protein in Avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1) infected cells, two monoclonal antibodies were prepared. The presence of W protein in cells infected with lentogenic genotype II strain La Sota or velogenic genotype VII strain SG10 was confirmed with immunofluorescence and western blotting assays. WSG10 localized to the cytoplasm, whereas WLa Sota localized to the nucleus. The influence of W protein was investigated in vitro and in vivo with two AAvV-1 strains defective in the W C-terminus. The growth kinetic curves and pathogenicity tests in 3-week-old SPF chickens both showed that the replication abilities of strains with C-terminally deleted W proteins were lower than that of the parental strain. Restoring the appropriate dose of W protein increased the viral titers of these strains. The expression validation and functional exploration of W protein will facilitate our understanding of pathogenic mechanism of AAvV-1.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595640

RESUMO

Single-ligand-based electronically conductive porous coordination polymers/metal-organic frameworks (EC-PCPs/MOFs) fail to meet the requirements of numerous electronic applications owing to their limited tunability in terms of both conductivity and topology. In this study, a new 2D π-conjugated EC-MOF containing copper units with mixed trigonal ligands was developed: Cu3 (HHTP)(THQ) (HHTP=2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydrotriphenylene, THQ=tetrahydroxy-1,4-quinone). The modulated conductivity (σ≈2.53×10-5  S cm-1 with an activation energy of 0.30 eV) and high porosity (ca. 441.2 m2 g-1 ) of the Cu3 (HHTP)(THQ) semiconductive nanowires provided an appropriate resistance baseline and highly accessible areas for the development of an excellent chemiresistive gas sensor.

19.
Viruses ; 11(10)2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652591

RESUMO

Some coronaviruses (CoVs) have an extra furin cleavage site (RRKR/S, furin-S2' site) upstream of the fusion peptide in the spike protein, which plays roles in virion adsorption and fusion. Mutation of the S2' site of QX genotype (QX-type) infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) spike protein (S) in a recombinant virus background results in higher pathogenicity, pronounced neural symptoms and neurotropism when compared with conditions in wild-type IBV (WT-IBV) infected chickens. In this study, we present evidence suggesting that recombinant IBV with a mutant S2' site (furin-S2' site) leads to higher mortality. Infection with mutant IBV induces severe encephalitis and breaks the blood-brain barrier. The results of a neutralization test and immunoprotection experiment show that an original serum and vaccine can still provide effective protection in vivo and in vitro. This is the first demonstration of IBV-induced neural symptoms in chickens with encephalitis and the furin-S2' site as a determinant of neurotropism.

20.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21634, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587360

RESUMO

Pteromalus puparum is a gregarious pupal endoparasitoid with a wide host range. It deposits eggs into pierid and papilionid butterfly pupae. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of multifunctional detoxification enzymes that act in xenobiotic metabolism in insects. Insect genome projects have facilitated identification and characterization of GST family members. We identified 20 putative GSTs in the P. puparum genome, including 19 cytosolic and one microsomal. Phylogenetic analysis showed that P. puparum GSTs are clustered into Hymenoptera-specific branches. Transcriptomic data of embryos, larvae, female pupae, male pupae, female adults, male adults, venom glands, carcass, salivary glands, and ovaries revealed stage-, sex-, and tissue-specific expression patterns of GSTs in P. puparum. This is the most comprehensive study of genome-wide identification, characterization, and expression profiling of GST family in hymenopterans. Our results provide valuable information for understanding the metabolic adaptation of this wasp.

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