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1.
Brain Res ; 1772: 147663, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555415

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain is a common complication of diabetes mellitus with poorly relieved by conventional analgesics. Metformin, a first-line drug for type 2 diabetes, reduces blood glucose by activating adenosine monophosphate protein kinase (AMPK) signalling system. However, the effect of Metformin on diabetic neuropathic pain is still unknown. In the present study, we showed that Metformin was capable of attenuating diabetes induced mechanical allodynia, and the analgesia effect could be blocked by Compound C (an AMPK inhibitor). Importantly, Metformin enhanced the phosphorylation level of AMPK in L4-6 DRGs of diabetic rats but not affect the expression of total AMPK. Intrathecal injection of AICAR (an AMPK agonist) could activate AMPK and alleviate the mechanical allodynia of diabetic rats. Additionally, phosphorylated AMPK and NF-κB was co-localized in small and medium neurons of L4-6 DRGs. Interestingly, the regulation of NF-κB in diabetic rats was obviously reduced when AMPK was activated by AICAR. Notably, Metformin could decrease NF-κB expression in L4-6 DRGs of diabetic rats, but the decrease was blocked by Compound C. In conclusion, Metformin alleviates diabetic mechanical allodynia via activation of AMPK signaling pathway in L4-6 DRGs of diabetic rats, which might be mediated by the downregulation of NF-κB, and this providing certain basis for Metformin to become a potential drug in the clinical treatment of diabetic neuropathic pain.

2.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 716996, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421688

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to examine how body image, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints, the feeling of being anxious, depression, fatigue, quality of sleep, and pain influence the quality of life (QoL) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling was conducted from March 2019 and December 2019, 603 patients with RA from five hospitals were evaluated using the Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Short Form 36 Health Survey, and Global Pain Scale. The relationship between quality of life and other variables was evaluated by using the structural equation model (SEM). Results: A total of 580 patients were recruited. SEM fitted the data very well with a root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) of 0.072. Comparative fit index of 0.966, and Tucker-Lewis index of 0.936. The symptoms and the normalized factor load of six variables showed that the normalized factor load of pain was 0.99. Conclusions: The QoL model was used to fit an SEM to systematically verify and analyze the population disease data, biological factors, and the direct and indirect effects of the symptom group on the QoL, and the interactions between the symptoms. Therefore, the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of RA is a long-term, dynamic, and complex practical process. Patients' personal symptoms, needs, and experiences also vary greatly. Comprehensive assessment of patients' symptoms, needs, and experiences, as well as the role of social support cannot be ignored, which can help to meet patients' nursing needs, improve their mood and pain-based symptom management, and ultimately improve patients' QoL.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 572: 98-104, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is one of the most severe types of chronic pain which the involved mechanisms are largely unknown. LncRNA has been found to play critical roles in chronic pain. However, its function in peripheral nervous system in CIBP remains unknown. Identifying the different lncRNA expression pattern is essential for understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of CIBP. METHODS: The model was induced by injection of Walker 256 cells into the rat tibia canal. Behavior tests and X-ray microtomography (MicroCT) analysis were performed to verify the model's establishment. L2-L5 DRGs were harvested at 14-day post operation and the differential lncRNA and mRNA expression patterns were investigated by microarray analyses. RT-qPCR analysis and RNA interference were performed for expression and function verifications. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted for further function study. RESULTS: CIBP rats showed hyperalgesia and the MicroCT analysis showed tibia destruction. A total of 73 lncRNAs and 187 mRNAs were dysregulated. The expressions of several lncRNAs and mRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR experiment. Biological analyses showed that the changed mRNAs were mainly related to cellular and single-organism process, cell and cell part, binding function and immune system pathway. The top 30 lncRNA-predicted mRNAs are mainly related to peroxisome, DNA-dependent DNA replication, double-stranded RNA binding, tuberculosis and purine metabolism. 56 lncRNAs (30 downregulated and 26 upregulated) and 179 DEGs (35 downregulated and 144 upregulated) have a significant correlation and constructed a co-expression network. Downregulation of lncRNA NONRATT021203.2 by siRNA intrathecal injection increased PWL and WBD in CIBP rats, alleviating cancer induced bone hyperalgesia. CONCLUSION: LncRNA played important roles in regulation of CIBP or mRNA expression in peripheral neuropathy in CIBP. These alterd mRNAs and lncRNAs might be potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of CIBP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Dor do Câncer/genética , Gânglios Espinais/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Animais , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Dor do Câncer/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Ratos
4.
J Neurophysiol ; 125(5): 1787-1797, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760644

RESUMO

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common challenging diseases for clinical treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has analgesic effect on visceral hypersensitivity (VH) in an animal model of IBS as well as the underlying mechanism. As the activation of GluN2B in anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) takes part in VH, we examined whether and how GluN2B in ACC takes part in the effect of tDCS. Neonatal maternal deprivation (NMD), a valuable experimental model to study the IBS pathophysiology, was used to induce visceral hypersensitivity of rats. We quantified VH as colorectal distention threshold and performed patch-clamp recordings of ACC neurons. The expression of GluN2B were determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The GluN2B antagonist Ro 25-6981 was microinjected into the rostral and caudal ACC. tDCS was performed for 7 consecutive days. It was found that NMD decreased expression of GluN2B, which could be obviously reversed by tDCS. Injection of Ro 25-6981 into rostral and caudal ACC of normal rats induced VH and also reversed the analgesic effect of tDCS. Our data sheds light on the nonpharmacological therapy for chronic VH in pathological states such as IBS.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by visceral hypersensitivity. This study showed a decrease of GluN2B expression and neural activity in ACC of IBS-model rats, which could be obviously reversed by tDCS. In addition, blockade of GluN2B in rostral and caudal ACC induced VH of normal rats. Furthermore, analgesic effect of tDCS on NMD rats was reversed by GluN2B antagonist.

5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686244

RESUMO

Cardiovascular safety assessment is vital for drug development, yet human cardiovascular cell models are lacking. In vitro mass-generated human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-derived cardiovascular cells are a suitable cell model for preclinical cardiovascular safety evaluations. In this study, we established a preclinical toxicology model using same-origin hPSC-differentiated cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs) and endothelial cells (hPSC-ECs). For validation of this cell model, alirocumab, a human antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9), was selected as an emerging safe lipid-lowering drug; atorvastatin, a common statin (the most effective type of lipid-lowering drug), was used as a drug with reported side effects at high concentrations, while doxorubicin was chosen as a positive cardiotoxic drug. The cytotoxicity of these drugs was assessed using CCK8, ATP, and lactate dehydrogenase release assays at 24, 48, and 72 h. The influences of these drugs on cardiomyocyte electrophysiology were detected using the patch-clamp technique, while their effects on endothelial function were determined by tube formation and Dil-acetylated low-density lipoprotein (Dil-Ac-LDL) uptake assays. We showed that alirocumab did not affect the cell viability or cardiomyocyte electrophysiology in agreement with the clinical results. Atorvastatin (5-50 µM) dose-dependently decreased cardiovascular cell viability over time, and at a high concentration (50 µM, ~100 times the normal peak serum concentration in clinic), it affected the action potentials of hPSC-CMs and damaged tube formation and Dil-Ac-LDL uptake of hPSC-ECs. The results demonstrate that the established same-origin hPSC-derived cardiovascular cell model can be used to evaluate lipid-lowering drug safety in cardiovascular cells and allow highly accurate preclinical assessment of potential drugs.

6.
Eur J Pain ; 25(6): 1254-1263, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory pain is a severe clinical problem that affects the quality of life in patients. However, the currently available treatments for inflammatory pain have limited effect and even causes severe side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of miRNA-107 and glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1) in the inflammatory pain of rats induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). METHODS: Paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) of rats was measured by von Frey Filaments. The expressions of miRNA-107 and GLT-1 in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn (L4-L6) were measured with real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting analysis. Fluorescent in situ hybridization and fluorescent-immunohistochemistry were employed to detect the expression of miRNA-107, GLT-1 and co-location of miRNA-107 with GLT-1. RESULTS: Injection of CFA significantly reduced PWT of rats. The miRNA-107 expression level was obviously up-regulated while the GLT-1 expression level was decreased in the spinal dorsal horn of CFA rats. miRNA-107 and GLT-1 were co-expressed in the same cells of the spinal dorsal horn in CFA rats. Ceftriaxone, a selective activator of GLT-1, obviously increased the PWT of CFA rats. Furthermore, antagomir of miRNA-107 reversed the down-regulation of GLT-1 and alleviated CFA-induced mechanical allodynia of CFA rats. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that an increase of miR-107 contributes to inflammatory pain through downregulating GLT-1 expression, implying a promising strategy for pain therapy. SIGNIFICANCE: The currently available treatments for inflammatory pain has limited effect even causes severe side effects. MiRNAs may have important diagnostic and therapeutic potential in inflammatory pain. In present study, we show a potential spinal mechanism of allodynia in rat inflammatory pain model induced by CFA. Increased miR-107 contribute to inflammatory pain by targeting and downregulating GLT-1 expression, implying a promising strategy for inflammatory pain.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Qualidade de Vida , Animais , Humanos , Hiperalgesia/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Dor/genética , Células do Corno Posterior , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal
7.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(2): 244-255, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314662

RESUMO

AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by abdominal pain. Our recent study has shown that the acid-sensitive ion channel 1 (ASIC1) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is involved in stomachache of adult offspring rats subjected with prenatal maternal stress (PMS). MiR-485 is predicted to target the expression of ASIC1. The aim of the present study was designed to determine whether miR-485/ASIC1 signaling participates in enterodynia in the spinal dorsal horn of adult offspring rats with PMS. METHODS: Enterodynia was measured by colorectal distension (CRD). Western blotting, qPCR, and in situ hybridization were performed to detect the expression of ASICs and related miRNAs. Spinal synaptic transmission was also recorded by patch clamping. RESULTS: PMS offspring rats showed that spinal ASIC1 protein expression and synaptic transmission were significantly enhanced. Administration of ASICs antagonist amiloride suppressed the synaptic transmission and enterodynia. Besides, PMS induced a significant reduction in the expression of miR-485. Upregulating the expression markedly attenuated enterodynia, reversed the increase in ASIC1 protein and synaptic transmission. Furthermore, ASIC1 and miR-485 were co-expressed in NeuN-positive spinal dorsal horn neurons. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these data suggested that miR-485 participated in enterodynia in PMS offspring, which is likely mediated by the enhanced ASIC1 activities.

9.
J Pain Res ; 13: 3013-3022, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33239909

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory pain is the most common type of pain treated clinically. However, the currently available treatments for inflammatory pain have limited effects and can cause severe side effects. The aim of this study is to describe the effect of miRNA-485-5p on osteoarthritis-related inflammatory pain. Methods: Paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) of rats was measured by von Frey filaments. The expressions of miRNA-485-5p and acid-sensing ion channel 1 (ASIC1) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) were measured with real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting analysis. Fluorescent in situ hybridization and fluorescent immunohistochemistry were employed to detect expression of miRNA-485-5p, acid-sensing ion channelASIC1 and co-location of miRNA-485-5p with ASIC1. Results: The PWT of rats was significantly reduced after complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injection. The miRNA-485-5p expression level clearly decreased while the ASIC1 expression level was upregulated in the L4-6 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of CFA rats. MiRNA-485-5p and ASIC1 were co-expressed in the same DRG cells of CFA rats. Amiloride, an inhibitor of ASIC1, clearly increased the PWT of CFA rats. Further, miRNA-485-5p agomir reversed the upregulation of ASICI1 and alleviated CFA-induced mechanical hypersensitivity of CFA rats. Conclusion: These results suggest that reduced expression of miRNA-485-5p contributes to inflammatory pain through upregulating ASIC1 expression, implying a promising strategy for pain therapy.

10.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(11): 1271-1280, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909219

RESUMO

Chronic visceral pain is one of the primary symptoms of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which affects up to 15% of the population world-wide. The detailed mechanisms of visceral pain remain largely unclear. Our previous studies have shown that neonatal maternal deprivation (NMD) followed by adult multiple stress (AMS) advances the occurrence of visceral pain, likely due to enhanced norepinephrine (NE)-ß2 adrenergic signaling. This study was designed to explore the roles of P2X3 receptors (P2X3Rs) in the chronic visceral pain induced by combined stress. Here, we showed that P2X3Rs were co-expressed in ß2 adrenergic receptor (ß2-AR)-positive dorsal root ganglion neurons and that NE significantly enhanced ATP-induced Ca2+ signals. NMD and AMS not only significantly increased the protein expression of P2X3Rs, but also greatly enhanced the ATP-evoked current density, number of action potentials, and intracellular Ca2+ concentration of colon-related DRG neurons. Intrathecal injection of the P2X3R inhibitor A317491 greatly attenuated the visceral pain and the ATP-induced Ca2+ signals in NMD and AMS rats. Furthermore, the ß2-AR antagonist butoxamine significantly reversed the expression of P2X3Rs, the ATP-induced current density, and the number of action potentials of DRG neurons. Overall, our data demonstrate that NMD followed by AMS leads to P2X3R activation, which is most likely mediated by upregulation of ß2 adrenergic signaling in primary sensory neurons, thus contributing to visceral hypersensitivity.


Assuntos
Privação Materna , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Fisiológico , Dor Visceral , Animais , Gânglios Espinais , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(12): 1524-1537, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710307

RESUMO

Following intrathecal injection of fluorescent tracers, ex vivo imaging of brain vibratome slices has been widely used to study the glymphatic system in the rodent brain. Tracer penetration into the brain is usually quantified by image-processing, even though this approach requires much time and manual operation. Here, we illustrate a simple protocol for the quantitative determination of glymphatic activity using spectrophotofluorometry. At specific time-points following intracisternal or intrastriatal injection of fluorescent tracers, certain brain regions and the spinal cord were harvested and tracers were extracted from the tissue. The intensity of tracers was analyzed spectrophotometrically and their concentrations were quantified from standard curves. Using this approach, the regional and dynamic delivery of subarachnoid CSF tracers into the brain parenchyma was assessed, and the clearance of tracers from the brain was also determined. Furthermore, the impairment of glymphatic influx in the brains of old mice was confirmed using our approach. Our method is more accurate and efficient than the imaging approach in terms of the quantitative determination of glymphatic activity, and this will be useful in preclinical studies.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema Glinfático , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria , Animais , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Sistema Glinfático/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Camundongos
12.
Mol Pain ; 16: 1744806920930858, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484026

RESUMO

AIMS: The arcuate nucleus is a vital brain region for coursing of pain command. G protein-coupled kinase 6 (GRK6) accommodates signaling through G protein-coupled receptors. Studies have demonstrated that GRK6 is involved in inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain. The present study was designed to explore the role and the underlying mechanism of GRK6 in arcuate nucleus of chronic visceral pain. METHODS: Chronic visceral pain of rats was induced by neonatal maternal deprivation and evaluated by monitoring the threshold of colorectal distension. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction techniques, and Nissl staining were employed to determine the expression and mutual effect of GRK6 with nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). RESULTS: Expression of GRK6 in arcuate nucleus was significantly reduced in neonatal maternal deprivation rats when compared with control rats. GRK6 was mainly expressed in arcuate nucleus neurons, but not in astrocytes, and a little in microglial cells. Neonatal maternal deprivation reduced the percentage of GRK6-positive neurons of arcuate nucleus. Overexpression of GRK6 by Lentiviral injection into arcuate nucleus reversed chronic visceral pain in neonatal maternal deprivation rats. Furthermore, the expression of NF-κB in arcuate nucleus was markedly upregulated in neonatal maternal deprivation rats. NF-κB selective inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate suppressed chronic visceral pain in neonatal maternal deprivation rats. GRK6 and NF-κB were expressed in the arcuate nucleus neurons. Importantly, overexpression of GRK6 reversed NF-κB expression at the protein level. In contrast, injection of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate once daily for seven consecutive days did not alter GRK6 expression in arcuate nucleus of neonatal maternal deprivation rats. CONCLUSIONS: Present data suggest that GRK6 might be a pivotal molecule participated in the central mechanisms of chronic visceral pain, which might be mediated by inhibiting NF-κB signal pathway. Overexpression of GRK6 possibly represents a potential strategy for therapy of chronic visceral pain.


Assuntos
Núcleo Arqueado do Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Dor Crônica/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Quinases de Receptores Acoplados a Proteína G/genética , Privação Materna , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética , Dor Visceral/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Dor Crônica/complicações , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases de Receptores Acoplados a Proteína G/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tiocarbamatos/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Visceral/complicações
14.
Psychol Health Med ; 25(10): 1179-1191, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129673

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on the psychological and physiological health of rheumatoid arthritis patients. An extensive literature search was conducted, using the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI Scholar, WanFang, and VIP databases, from inception to December2018. The quality of the studies was evaluated by 2 independent authors, according to the basic criteria provided by the Cochrane Handbook for evaluating randomized trials. Meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager 5.3. Six randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria of the current study. Using standard mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), our results showed that cognitive behavioral therapy could significantly reduce levels of anxiety (SMD = -0.30, 95% CI [-0.52, -0.09], P= 0.005) and depression (SMD = -0.48, 95% CI [-0.70, -0.27], P< 0.00001), and relieve fatigue symptoms (SMD = -0.35, 95% CI [-0.60, -0.10], P= 0.006) in rheumatoid arthritis patients.This is the first known assessment of the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy on rheumatoid arthritis patients using meta-analysis. Large-scale randomized controlled trials need to be implemented to further explore this issue.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/reabilitação , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/reabilitação , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Fadiga/reabilitação , Humanos
15.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 26(7): 762-772, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32175676

RESUMO

AIMS: Painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a refractory complication of diabetes. The study aimed to investigate the role of α-lipoic acid (ALA) on the regulation of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats with diabetes. METHODS: Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were employed to measure neuronal excitability in DiI-labeled DRG neurons of control and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays were used to determine the expression and location of NF-κBp65 and TRPV1. RESULTS: STZ-induced hindpaw pain hypersensitivity and neuronal excitability in L4-6 DRG neurons were attenuated by intraperitoneal injection with ALA once a day lasted for one week. TRPV1 expression was enhanced in L4-6 DRGs of diabetic rats compared with age-matched control rats, which was also suppressed by ALA treatment. In addition, TRPV1 and p65 colocated in the same DRG neurons. The expression of p65 was upregulated in L4-6 DRGs of diabetic rats. Inhibition of p65 signaling using recombinant lentiviral vectors designated as LV-NF-κBp65 siRNA remarkably suppressed TRPV1 expression. Finally, p65 expression was downregulated by ALA treatment. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that ALA may alleviate neuropathic pain in diabetes by regulating TRPV1 expression via affecting NF-κB.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Gânglios Espinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Canais de Cátion TRPV/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Tióctico/farmacologia
16.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(7): 719-732, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198702

RESUMO

Purinergic receptors have been reported to be involved in brain disorders. In this study, we explored their roles and mechanisms underlying the memory impairment in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM rats exhibited a worse performance in the T-maze and Morris water maze (MWM) than controls. Microglia positive for P2X purinoceptor 4 (P2X4R) in the hippocampus were reduced and activated microglia were increased in T2DM rats. Long Amplicon PCR (LA-PCR) showed that DNA amplification of the p2x4r gene in the hippocampus was lower in T2DM rats. Minocycline significantly reduced the number of activated microglia and the mean distance traveled by T2DM rats in the MWM. Most importantly, P2X4R overexpression suppressed the activated microglia and rescued the memory impairment of T2DM rats. Overall, T2DM led to excessive activation of microglia in the hippocampus, partly through the DNA damage-mediated downregulation of P2X4Rs, thus contributing to memory impairment.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4 , Animais , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hipocampo , Masculino , Microglia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4/genética
17.
Epigenomics ; 12(10): 843-857, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212929

RESUMO

Aim: To study the expression pattern of circular RNAs in diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Materials & methods: Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructure of sciatic nerves and dorsal root ganglion (DRGs). circRNAs in DRGs were identified with high-throughput RNA sequencing. Whole-genome mRNAs were detected by a chip scan. Results: The ultrastructure of sciatic nerves and DRGs in diabetes mellitus mice changed significantly. A total of 11,004 circRNAs and 15 differentially expressed circRNAs, as well as 35,368 mRNAs and 133 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified in DRGs between wild-type and diabetes mellitus mice. 11 circRNAs and 14 mRNAs have a significant correlation using strict coexpression analysis. The expression of circRNA.4614 was validated to be upregulated significantly. Conclusion: Our study suggested that circRNAs might be involved in the regulation of mRNA expressions in diabetic peripheral neuropathy.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Diabéticas/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Animais , Gânglios Espinais/ultraestrutura , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nervo Isquiático/ultraestrutura
18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 524(4): 983-989, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061390

RESUMO

Cancer-induced pain (CIP) is a kind of chronic pain that occurs during cancer progression over time. However, the mechanisms are largely unknown, and clinical treatment remains challenging. LncRNAs have been reported to play critical roles in various biological processes, including chronic pain. The aim of our study was to investigate whether lncRNAs participate in the development of CIP by regulating the expression levels of some molecules related to pain modulation. The CIP model was established by injecting Walker 256 mammary gland tumor cells into the tibial canal of rats. In this study, we found that lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2 was increased in the CIP rats and that lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2-siRNA could relieve hyperalgesia in these rats. For elucidation of the underlying mechanism, we showed that lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2 could target C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 9 (CXCL9), which was increased in the CIP rats, and that CXCL9-siRNA could relieve hyperalgesia. At the same time, silencing lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2 expression decreased the mRNA and protein levels of CXCL9. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that CXCL9 was mainly expressed in the CGRP-positive and IB4-positive DRG neurons. Further research showed that lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2 and CXCL9 were colocalized in the DRG neurons. Our data suggested that lncRNA-NONRATT021203.2 participated in the CIP in rats and likely mediates the upregulation of CXCL9. The present study provided us with a new potential target for the clinical treatment of cancer-induced pain.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/genética , Quimiocina CXCL9/genética , Gânglios Espinais/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Dor do Câncer/patologia , Feminino , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Regulação para Cima
19.
Pain ; 161(5): 989-1004, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895269

RESUMO

Functional dyspepsia is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder. Gastric hypersensitivity (GHS) is a hallmark of this disorder, but the cellular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Stressors during gestational period could have effects on the offspring's tissue structure and function, which may predispose to gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this study was to test whether prenatal maternal stress (PMS) induces GHS and to investigate role of acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling by examining Asic1 methylation status in adult offspring rats. Gastric hypersensitivity in response to gastric distension was examined by electromyography recordings. Changes in neuronal excitability were determined by whole-cell patch-clamp recording techniques. Demethylation of CpG islands of Asic1 was determined by methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing assay. Prenatal maternal stress produced GHS in adult offspring rats. Treatment with amiloride, an inhibitor of ASICs, significantly attenuated GHS and reversed hyperexcitability of gastric-specific dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons labeled by the dye DiI. Expression of ASIC1 and NF-κBp65 was markedly enhanced in T7 to T10 DRGs. Furthermore, PMS led to a significant demethylation of CpG islands in the Asic1 promoter. A chromatin immunoprecipitation assay showed that PMS also enhanced the ability of NF-κBp65 to bind the promoter of Asic1 gene. Blockade of NF-κB using lentiviral-p65shRNA reversed upregulation of ASIC1 expression, GHS, and the hyperexcitability of DRG neurons. These data suggest that upregulation of ASIC1 expression is attributed to Asic1 promoter DNA demethylation and NF-κB activation, and that the enhanced interaction of the Asic1 and NF-κBp65 contributes to GHS induced by PMS.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética , Estômago , Estresse Fisiológico , Canais Iônicos Sensíveis a Ácido/genética , Animais , Feminino , Gânglios Espinais , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Gravidez , Ratos , Regulação para Cima
20.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(2): 110-120, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428926

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and incurable autoimmune neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. Although the symptoms of MS can be managed by vitamin D3 treatment alone, this condition cannot be completely eradicated. Thus, there might be unknown factors capable of regulating the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Genome-wide analysis showed that miRNAs were associated with VDRs. We sought to determine the role and mechanism of action of miRNA-125a-5p and VDRs in a model of MS, mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 peptides. EAE mice showed decreased mean body weight but increased mean clinical scores compared with vehicle or control mice. And inflammatory infiltration was found in the lumbosacral spinal cord of EAE mice. In addition, VDR expression was significantly lower while the expression of miR-125a-5p was markedly higher in the spinal ventral horn of EAE mice than in vehicle or control mice. Importantly, activation of VDRs by paricalcitol or inhibition of miR-125a-5p by its antagomir markedly decreased the mean clinical scores in EAE mice. Interestingly, VDR and miR-125a-5p were co-localized in the same neurons of the ventral horn. More importantly, inhibition of miR-125a-5p remarkably blocked the decrease of VDRs in EAE mice. These results support a critical role for miR-125a-5p in modulating VDR activity in EAE and suggest potential novel therapeutic interventions.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/genética , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Região Lombossacral , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Corno Ventral da Medula Espinal/metabolismo
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