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1.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113924, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731947

RESUMO

The present paper aimed to investigate the roles of quinones contained in wastewater and the enhanced effects on microbial fuel cells (MFCs) under different redox conditions. The feasibility of using wastewater rich in quinones to act as co-substrate and redox mediators (RMs) library to strengthen the synergistic removal of azo dye in MFCs was evaluated. The results demonstrated that quinones achieved enhanced effects on electricity generation and COD removal of MFC better at higher current intensity. The addition of pure quinone decreased electron transfer resistance (Rct) of MFCs from 4.76 Ω to 2.13 Ω under 1000 Ω resistance and 1.16 Ω-0.75 Ω under 50 Ω resistance. Meanwhile, higher coulombic efficiency was achieved. Compared with sodium acetate, using quinone-rich traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) wastewater as the co-substrate enhanced the synergistic removal of reactive red 2 (RR2) in MFCs from 79.58% to 92.45% during 24 h. RR2 was also degraded more thoroughly due to the accelerated electron transfer process mediated by RMs. Microbial community analysis demonstrated that the presence of quinone in TCM wastewater can enrich different exoelectrogens under varied redox conditions and thus influenced the enhanced effects on MFC. Metagenomic functional prediction results further indicated that the abundance of functional genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism, membrane transport metabolism, biofilm formation, and stress tolerance increased significantly in presence of RMs. Redundancy analyses revealed that RMs addition was the more important factor driving the variation of the microorganism community. This study revealed the potential effect of quinones as redox mediators on the bioelectrochemical system for pollutants removal.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Compostos Azo , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Oxirredução , Quinonas , Águas Residuárias
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126890, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418839

RESUMO

A novel and efficient Ti/SnO2-Sb/PbO2-GO-Ce electrode was successfully fabricated based on the co-deposition of Ce ions and graphene oxide (GO) into ß-PbO2 crystals and used as an anode for electrocatalytic oxidation of phenol. The electrodeposition mechanism, parameter optimization, mechanism analysis, and potential degradation pathways were discussed in depth. The co-doping of GO and Ce resulted in the high directional specificity of ß(301), orderly and dense grain arrangement of PbO2 crystals. At the same time, the oxygen evolution potential, •OH generation capacity and lifetime were also improved. The effects of experimental parameters on phenol removal efficiency were evaluated, including the applied current density, electrode gap, supporting electrolyte, initial NaCl concentration, initial pH, and initial phenol concentration. Under the optimal conditions, the removal efficiency of phenol can reach 375.6 g m-2 h-1 for 20 min electrolysis, which is about 1.2 times that of the pure PbO2 electrode. The active oxygen species (•OH, ClO- and HClO) were important attributes to the degradation of phenol. Additionally, a potential degradation pathway for phenol was proposed. After 10 successive recycles, there was no significant difference of the electro-generated •OH, cell voltage and phenol removal rate, which confirms the stability and admirable reusability of Ti/SnO2-Sb/PbO2-GO-Ce electrode.

3.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761859

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of brain injury caused by carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is very complex, and there is no exact and reliable treatment in clinic. In the present study, we screened the therapeutic target and related signal pathway of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for acute COP brain injury, and clarified the pharmacological mechanism of multicomponent, multitarget, and multisignal pathway in Salvia Miltiorrhiza by network pharmacology. To further verify the therapeutic effect of Salvia Miltiorrhiza on acute brain injury based on the results of network analysis, a total of 216 male healthy Sprague Dawley rats were collected in the present study and randomly assigned to a normal control group, a COP group and a Tanshinone IIA sulfonate treatment group (72 rats in each group). The rat model of acute severe COP was established by the secondary inhalation in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber. We found that Salvia Miltiorrhiza had multiple active components, and played a role in treating acute brain injury induced by COP through multiple targets and multiple pathways, among them, MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway was one of the most important. COP can start apoptosis process, activate the MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway, and promote the expression of VEGF-A protein and the formation of brain edema. Tanshinone IIA can effectively inhibit apoptosis, up-regulate the expressions of VEGF-A, P-MEK1/2 and P-ERK1/2 proteins, thereby protect endothelial cells, promote angiogenesis and microcirculation, and finally alleviate brain edema.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259671, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780518

RESUMO

The effects of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) together with antibiotics leaking into wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), especially the partial nitrification (PN) process remain unclear. To evaluate the combined impact and mechanisms of nano-TiO2 and antibiotics on PN systems, batch experiments were carried out with six bench-scale sequencing batch reactors. Nano-TiO2 at a low level had minimal effects on the PN system. In combination with tetracycline and erythromycin, the acute impact of antibiotics was enhanced. Both steps of nitrification were retarded due to the decrease of bacterial activity and abundance, while nitrite-oxidizing bacteria were more sensitive to the inhibition than ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Proteobacteria at the phylum level and Nitrosospira at the genus level remained predominant under single and combined impacts. The flow cytometry analysis showed that nano-TiO2 enhanced the toxicity of antibiotics through increasing cell permeability. Our results can help clarify the risks of nano-TiO2 combined with antibiotics to PN systems and explaining the behavior of nanoparticles in WWTPs.

5.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 30: 9429-9441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757906

RESUMO

Accurate coronary lumen segmentation on coronary-computed tomography angiography (CCTA) images is crucial for quantification of coronary stenosis and the subsequent computation of fractional flow reserve. Many factors including difficulty in labeling coronary lumens, various morphologies in stenotic lesions, thin structures and small volume ratio with respect to the imaging field complicate the task. In this work, we fused the continuity topological information of centerlines which are easily accessible, and proposed a novel weakly supervised model, Examinee-Examiner Network (EE-Net), to overcome the challenges in automatic coronary lumen segmentation. First, the EE-Net was proposed to address the fracture in segmentation caused by stenoses by combining the semantic features of lumens and the geometric constraints of continuous topology obtained from the centerlines. Then, a Centerline Gaussian Mask Module was proposed to deal with the insensitiveness of the network to the centerlines. Subsequently, a weakly supervised learning strategy, Examinee-Examiner Learning, was proposed to handle the weakly supervised situation with few lumen labels by using our EE-Net to guide and constrain the segmentation with customized prior conditions. Finally, a general network layer, Drop Output Layer, was proposed to adapt to the class imbalance by dropping well-segmented regions and weights the classes dynamically. Extensive experiments on two different data sets demonstrated that our EE-Net has good continuity and generalization ability on coronary lumen segmentation task compared with several widely used CNNs such as 3D-UNet. The results revealed our EE-Net with great potential for achieving accurate coronary lumen segmentation in patients with coronary artery disease. Code at http://github.com/qiyaolei/Examinee-Examiner-Network.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1274, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study compared the effectiveness and toxicity of two treatment modalities, namely radiotherapy combined with nimotuzumab (N) and chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LR-NPC). METHODS: Patients with LR-NPC who were treated with radiotherapy were retrospectively enrolled from January 2015 to December 2018. The treatment included radiotherapy combined with N or platinum-based induction chemotherapy and/or concurrent chemotherapy. The comparison of survival and toxicity between the two treatment modalities was evaluated using the log-rank and chi-squared tests. Overall survival (OS) was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: A total of 87 patients were included, of whom 32 and 55 were divided into the N group and the CRT group, respectively. No significant differences were noted in the survival rate between the N and the CRT groups (4-year OS rates, 37.1% vs. 40.7%, respectively; P = 0.735). Mild to moderate acute complications were common during the radiation period and mainly included mucositis and xerostomia. The majority of the acute toxic reactions were tolerated well. A total of 48 patients (55.2%) demonstrated late radiation injuries of grade ≥ 3, including 12 patients (37.5%) in the N group and 36 patients (66.5%) in the CRT group. The CRT group exhibited significantly higher incidence of severe late radiation injuries compared with that of the N group (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy combined with N did not appear to enhance treatment efficacy compared with CRT in patients with LR-NPC. However, radiotherapy combined with N may be superior to CRT due to its lower incidence of acute and late toxicities. Further studies are required to confirm the current findings.

7.
Molecules ; 26(22)2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834071

RESUMO

A series of novel 3-phenoxy-4-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)pyridazines 2-5 were designed, based on the structure of our previous lead compound 1 through the in silico structure-guided optimization approach. The results showed that some of these new compounds showed a good herbicidal activity at the rate of 750 g ai/ha by both pre- and post-emergence applications, especially compound 2a, which displayed a comparable pre-emergence herbicidal activity to diflufenican at 300-750 g ai/ha, and a higher post-emergence herbicidal activity than diflufenican at the rates of 300-750 g ai/ha. Additionally, 2a was safe to wheat by both pre- and post-emergence applications at 300 g ai/ha, showing the compound's potential for weed control in wheat fields. Our molecular simulation studies revealed the important factors involved in the interaction between 2a and Synechococcus PDS. This work provided a lead compound for weed control in wheat fields.

8.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724163

RESUMO

Need for closure (NFC) reflects stable individual differences in the desire for a quick, definite, and stable answer to a question. A large body of research has documented the association between NFC and various cognitive, emotional and social processes. Despite considerable interest in psychology, little effort has been made to uncover the neural substrates of individual variations in NFC. Herein, we took a data-driven approach to predict NFC trait combining machine learning framework and the whole-brain grey matter volume (GMV) features, which represent a reliable brain imaging measure and have been commonly employed to explore neural basis underlying individual differences of cognition and behaviors. Brain regions contributing to the prediction were then subjected to functional connectivity and decoding analyses for a quantitative inference on their psychophysiological functions. Our results indicated that multivariate patterns of GMV derived from multiple regions across distributed brain systems predicted NFC at individual level. The contributing regions are distributed across the emotional processing network (e.g., striatum), cognitive control network (e.g., lateral prefrontal cortex), social cognition network (e.g., temporoparietal junction) and perceptual processing network (e.g., occipital cortex). The current study provided the first evidence that dispositional NFC is embodied in multiple large-scale brain networks, helping to delineate a more complete picture about the neuropsychological processes that support individual differences in NFC. Beyond these findings, the current interdisciplinary approach to constructing and interpreting neuroimaging-based prediction model of personality traits would be informative to a wide range of future studies on personality.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(18): 187004, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767411

RESUMO

The superconductivity of a kagome superconductor CsV_{3}Sb_{5} is studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy at ultralow temperature with high resolution. Two kinds of superconducting gaps with multiple sets of coherent peaks and residual zero-energy density of states (DOS) are observed on both half-Cs and Sb surfaces, implying multiband superconductivity. In addition, in-gap states can be induced by magnetic impurities but not by nonmagnetic impurities, suggesting a sign-preserving or s-wave superconducting order parameter. Moreover, the interplay between charge density waves (CDW) and superconductivity differs on various bands, resulting in different density-of-states distributions. Our results suggest that the superconducting gap is likely isotropic on the sections of Fermi surface that play little roles in CDW, and the superconducting gaps on the sections of Fermi surface with anisotropic CDW gaps are likely anisotropic as well. The residual spectral weights at zero energy are attributed to the extremely small superconducting gap on the tiny oval Fermi pockets. Our study provides critical clues for further understanding the superconductivity and its relation to CDW in CsV_{3}Sb_{5}.

11.
Chem Sci ; 12(40): 13373-13378, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777755

RESUMO

Due to increasing concentrations in the atmosphere, carbon dioxide has, in recent times, been targeted for utilisation (Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage, CCUS). In particular, the production of CO from CO2 has been an area of intense interest, particularly since the CO can be utilized in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Herein we report that CO2 can also be used as a source of atomic oxygen that is efficiently harvested and used as a waste-free terminal oxidant for the oxidation of alkenes to epoxides. Simultaneously, the process yields CO. Utilization of the atomic oxygen does not only generate a valuable product, but also prevents the recombination of O and CO, thus increasing the yield of CO for possible application in the synthesis of higher-order hydrocarbons.

12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(36): 6064-6078, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The 5-year survival rate of patients with early-stage CRC could reach 90%, but it is very low in patients with advanced-stage CRC. Recent studies have shown that circular RNAs play important roles in regulating the migration and invasion of CRC cells. AIM: To elucidate the role of circRNA_0084927 (circ_0084927) in the migration and invasion of CRC cells and its underlying mechanism. METHODS: Clinical tissue samples and cells were collected, and the expression of circ_0084927 was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The diagnostic performance of circ_0084927 was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The role of circ_0084927 in CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion was determined using cell counting kit-8 assay, wound healing assay, and transwell assay, respectively. The regulatory relationship among circ_0084927, miRNA-20b-3p (miR-20b-3p), and glutathione S-transferase mu 5 (GSTM5) was identified using databases, luciferase reporter assay, qPCR, and Western blot analysis. AKT-mTOR signaling was also verified after circ_0084927 knockdown or miR-20b-3p mimic treatment. RESULTS: The expression of circ_0084927 was significantly increased in CRC tissues and cells, and it was higher in advanced-stage CRC compared with early-stage CRC. The area under the curve (AUC) of circ_0084927 was 0.806 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.683-0.896]. In addition, the AUC was 0.874 (95%CI: 0.738-0.956) in patients with advanced-stage CRC and 0.713 (95%CI: 0.555-0.840) in those with early-stage CRC. Knockdown of circ_0084927 inhibited the migration and invasion of HCT116 cells. Moreover, circ_0084927 was found to act as a sponge of miR-20b-3p. MiR-20b-3p activation reduced the circ_0084927 level, whereas miR-20b-3p inhibition increased the circ_0084927 level. But the effect was not found after circ_0084927 mutation. In addition, miR-20b-3p expression in CRC patients was also reduced and negatively correlated with circ_0084927 expression. The function of circ_0084927 in HCT116 cells with circ_0084927 knockdown was rescued by miR-20b-3p. Moreover, GSTM5 expression was significantly decreased after overexpressing miR-20b-3p or inhibiting circ_0084927, but its expression was rescued when circ_0084927 and miR-20b-3p were both inhibited. Finally, AKT-mTOR signaling was markedly regulated by circ_0084927 and miR-20b-3p. CONCLUSION: The expression of circ_0084927 is significantly increased in CRC and higher in advanced-stage CRC than in early-stage CRC. Moreover, circ_0084927 potentially regulates CRC cell migration and invasion via the miR-20b-3p/GSTM5/ AKT/mTOR pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glutationa Transferase , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Circular
13.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(9): nwab004, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691732

RESUMO

Synaptic associativity, a feature of Hebbian plasticity wherein coactivation of two inputs onto the same neuron produces synergistic actions on postsynaptic activity, is a primary cellular correlate of associative learning. However, whether and how synaptic associativity are implemented into context-dependent relapse of extinguished memory (i.e. fear renewal) is unknown. Here, using an auditory fear conditioning paradigm in mice, we show that fear renewal is determined by the associativity between convergent inputs from the auditory cortex (ACx) and ventral hippocampus (vHPC) onto the lateral amygdala (LA) that reactivate ensembles engaged during learning. Fear renewal enhances synaptic strengths of both ACx to LA and the previously unknown vHPC to LA monosynaptic inputs. While inactivating either of the afferents abolishes fear renewal, optogenetic activation of their input associativity in the LA recapitulates fear renewal. Thus, input associativity underlies fear memory renewal.

14.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 409, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A simplified magnetic resonance index of activity (MaRIAs) was recently proposed. Our aim was to verify whether MaRIAs can accurately assess the activity degree of CD. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the MRI, ileocolonoscopy, fecal calprotectin (FC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) data of 93 CD patients. With the SES-CD as the gold standard, MaRIAs' accuracy, the correlation of MaRIAs and SES-CD, FC, ESR, CRP, and interevaluator reliability were assessed. RESULTS: MaRIAs ≥ 1 detected segments with active CD with 90.80% specificity and 81.37% sensitivity (area under the curve was 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.87-0.94). MaRIAs score of 2 or more detected severe lesions with 88.89% specificity and 95.12% sensitivity (AUC was 0.96, 95% confidence interval was 0.94-0.98). The MaRIAs score showed a high correlation with the SES-CD in the terminal ileum, transverse colon, right colon, and left colon (r = 0.85, 0.91, 0.88, 0.86, P < 0.001) and a moderate correlation with the SES-CD in the rectum (r = 0.74, P < 0.001). The global MaRIAs score was highly correlated with the global SES-CD (r = 0.90, P < 0.001). The global MaRIAs score was positively correlated with the fecal calprotectin (FC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) (r = 0.77, r = 0.64, and r = 0.68). The intragroup correlation coefficient (ICC) of the two physicians was nice in the terminal ileum, the right colon, the transverse colon, the left colon and was moderately good in the rectum. CONCLUSION: MaRIAs can accurately evaluate the disease activity level of CD and are highly correlated with SES-CD and biomarkers. The interrater reliability of the two physicians was moderately good to nice.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Biomarcadores/análise , Colonoscopia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico por imagem , Fezes/química , Humanos , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumour progression relies on the ability of cancer cells to penetrate and invade neighbouring tissues. E-cadherin loss is associated with increased cell invasion in gastric carcinoma, and germline mutations of the E-cadherin gene are causative of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. Although E-cadherin dysfunction impacts cell-cell adhesion, cell dissemination also requires an imbalance of adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: To identify ECM components and receptors relevant for adhesion of E-cadherin dysfunctional cells, we implemented a novel ECM microarray platform coupled with molecular interaction networks. The functional role of putative candidates was determined by combining micropattern traction microscopy, protein modulation and in vivo approaches, as well as transcriptomic data of 262 gastric carcinoma samples, retrieved from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: Here, we show that E-cadherin mutations induce an abnormal interplay of cells with specific components of the ECM, which encompasses increased traction forces and Integrin ß1 activation. Integrin ß1 synergizes with E-cadherin dysfunction, promoting cell scattering and invasion. The significance of the E-cadherin-Integrin ß1 crosstalk was validated in Drosophila models and found to be consistent with evidence from human gastric carcinomas, where increased tumour grade and poor survival are associated with low E-cadherin and high Integrin ß1 levels. CONCLUSIONS: Integrin ß1 is a key mediator of invasion in carcinomas with E-cadherin impairment and should be regarded as a biomarker of poor prognosis in gastric cancer.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125864, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492812

RESUMO

Reactive red 2 (RR2) is a highly recalcitrant and toxic azo dye that can cause the collapse of biological treatment system. Although MFC can decolorize RR2 effectively, its performance is still inevitably affected by toxicity. Anthraquinone can enhance MFCs' performance through mediating electron transfer. In this study, an anthraquinone-rich natural plants (B.rheum (Rheum offcinale Baill)) was extracted and then added to MFCs. The optimal dosage was selected and the enhanced effects were investigated. The results showed that adding 5%(V/V) extract resulted in the optimal performance elevation of MFC. When 5% extract was added together with RR2, 15.63% and 1.33-fold improvement in RR2 decolorization efficiency and rate were achieved compared with the control group. Meanwhile, higher power density (2.75 W/m3), coulombic efficiency (6.45%), and lower internal resistance (233.69 Ω) were also observed when 5% B.rheum extract and RR2 were added. B.rheum extract in MFCs enhanced microbial activity and enriched the dye-degrading microorganisms, such as Enterobacter, Raoultella, Comamonas and Shinella. B.rheum extract acts as "antidote" in alleviating the biotoxicity of RR2 was firstly illustrated in this study. The results provided a new strategy for using plant-source electron mediators to simultaneously improve biological detoxification, bioelectricity generation and dye decolorization in bioelectrochemical system.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Compostos Azo/toxicidade , Corantes/toxicidade , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Transporte de Elétrons , Elétrons
18.
Adv Mater ; 33(42): e2103383, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468056

RESUMO

Ultrathin 2D metal nanostructures have sparked a lot of research interest because of their improved electrocatalytic properties for fuel cells. So far, no effective technique for preparing ultrathin 2D Pd-based metal nanostructures with more than three compositions has been published. Herein, a new visible-light-induced template technique for producing PdAuBiTe alloyed 2D ultrathin nanosheets is developed. The mass activity of the PdAuBiTe nanosheets against the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is 2.48 A mgPd -1 , which is 27.5/17.7 times that of industrial Pd/C/Pt/C, respectively. After 10 000 potential cyclings, there is no decrease in ORR activity. The PdAuBiTe nanosheets exhibit high methanol tolerance and in situ anti-CO poisoning properties. The PdAuBiTe nanosheets, as cathode electrocatalysts in direct methanol fuel cells, can thus give significant improvement in terms of power density and durability. In O2 /air, the power density can be increased to 235.7/173.5 mW cm-2 , higher than that reported in previous work, and which is 2.32/3.59 times higher than Pt/C.

19.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 13: 17588359211042304, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539817

RESUMO

Introduction: Given the metachronous and multifocal occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and colorectal cancer metastases in the liver (CRLM), this study aimed to compare intrahepatic progression patterns after computed tomography (CT)-guided high dose-rate brachytherapy. Patients and methods: This retrospective analysis included 164 patients (114 HCC, 50 CRLM) treated with brachytherapy between January 2016 and January 2018. Patients received multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before, and about 8 weeks after brachytherapy, then every 3 months for the first, and every 6 months for the following years, until progression or death. MRI scans were assessed for local or distant intrahepatic tumor progression according to RECIST 1.1 and electronic medical records were reviewed prior to therapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Specifically, local and distant intra-hepatic PFS were assessed to determine differences between the intrahepatic progression patterns of HCC and CRLM. Secondary endpoints included the identification of predictors of PFS, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS). Statistics included Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression modeling. Results: PFS was longer in HCC [11.30 (1.33-35.37) months] than in CRLM patients [8.03 (0.73-19.80) months, p = 0.048], respectively. Specifically, local recurrence occurred later in HCC [PFS: 36.83 (1.33-40.27) months] than CRLM patients [PFS: 12.43 (0.73-21.90) months, p = 0.001]. In contrast, distant intrahepatic progression occurred earlier in HCC [PFS: 13.50 (1.33-27.80) months] than in CRLM patients [PFS: 19.80 (1.43-19.80) months, p = 0.456] but without statistical significance. Multivariate Cox regression confirmed tumor type and patient age as independent predictors for PFS. Conclusion: Brachytherapy proved to achieve better local tumor control and overall PFS in patients with unresectable HCC as compared to those with CRLM. However, distant progression preceded local recurrence in HCC. As a result, these findings may help design disease-specific surveillance strategies and personalized treatment planning that highlights the strengths of brachytherapy. They may also help elucidate the potential benefits of combinations with other loco-regional or systemic therapies.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 50(37): 13052-13058, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581350

RESUMO

Several FeS-derived intercalated compounds (C2H8N2)xFeS and Ax(C2H8N2)yFeS (A = Li, Na) were successfully synthesized via a novel ammonothermal method. The powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements reveal that the FeS intercalated samples have the same tetragonal crystal structure as the parent FeS. After intercalation, these three as-synthesized samples do not show superconductor behavior, which is confirmed by the magnetization and the electrical resistivity measurements. (C2H8N2)xFeS exhibits paramagnetic semiconductor behavior, while the newly synthesized Ax(C2H8N2)yFeS (A = Li, Na) shows antiferromagnetic semiconductor behavior. The absence of superconductivity in these FeS-derived compounds should be closely related to the iron vacancies in the FeS layer.

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