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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113703, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Duzhi Wan (DZW) has been extensively used in the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke, but the mechanisms underlying its effects remain unclear. In this study, a combination of transcriptomics, metabolomics and network analysis was applied to identify the preventive mechanism of DZW in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: The mice were divided into five groups: the sham group, I/R group, I/R + Ginaton group, I/R+DZW-L group, and I/R+DZW-H group. Neurological deficit scores and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Nissl staining results were evaluated. Transcriptomics analysis and metabolomics analysis were applied to identify the key genes and metabolites, and qRT-PCR, ELISA, and immunofluorescence were applied to verify the key targets. RESULTS: DZW significantly decreased the infarction size and neurological deficit scores, increased the rCBF percentage and neuronal number and improved neuronal morphology after MCAO. Transcriptomics and metabolomics analysis revealed that C3 and C5ar1 were core targets of DZW and indirectly regulated downstream purine metabolism, the pentose phosphate pathway, and glycerophospholipid metabolism-associated pathways via inflammatory cells. Moreover, ELISA, qRT-PCR, and immunofluorescence further confirmed that DZW significantly decreased the expression of C3, C5ar1, C5 and downstream inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, IL-1ß and MMP-9, at the gene and protein levels, suggesting that DZW decreased neuroinflammation and inhibited related metabolic pathways. CONCLUSION: C3 and C5 play important roles in the neuroprotective and antineuroinflammatory effects of DZW in protecting against cerebral I/R. This study provides novel insights into the neuroprotective effects of DZW and its clinical application.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121735, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049297

RESUMO

A novel surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) method was developed based on Ag nanowires embedded into functionalized metal-organic framework ZIF-67 (ZIF-67@Ag NWs) composite as substrate, which was applied for rapid recognition and sensitive detection of six PAEs. The Raman signals for PAEs detection were gained at ZIF-67@Ag NWs substrate mainly due to the "sharp tip effect" of rough Ag nanowires and excellent absorptive capacity of ZIF-67 to capture targeted molecules into the electromagnetic field. Different structural PAEs, including carbon chain lengths, isomers, and substituents, were evaluated for SERS performance and characteristic peaks under the optimal conditions. The SERS spectra proved that different PAEs exhibited some typically characteristic peaks in favor of recognizing and distinguishing them. The ZIF-67@Ag NWs as SERS substrate was successfully applied to detect six PAEs and exhibited wide linear ranges, low detection limit (LOD), excellent repeatability and stability (such as dibutyl phthalate DBP: linear range of 10-2 âˆ¼ 10-12 mol/L, LOD 3 × 10-13 mol/L). The ZIF-67@Ag NWs substrate by SERS was implemented to determine trace DBP in plastics with satisfactory recoveries of 82.5 % ∼ 108.3 %. The proposed ZIF-67@Ag NWs substrate may provide an effective and promising SERS platform for recognition and quantitative determination of different structural PAEs in environment.

3.
EClinicalMedicine ; 53: 101662, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147628

RESUMO

Background: Accurate identification of ovarian cancer (OC) is of paramount importance in clinical treatment success. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a potentially reliable assistant for the medical imaging recognition. We systematically review articles on the diagnostic performance of AI in OC from medical imaging for the first time. Methods: The Medline, Embase, IEEE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane library databases were searched for related studies published until August 1, 2022. Inclusion criteria were studies that developed or used AI algorithms in the diagnosis of OC from medical images. The binary diagnostic accuracy data were extracted to derive the outcomes of interest: sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), and Area Under the Curve (AUC). The study was registered with the PROSPERO, CRD42022324611. Findings: Thirty-four eligible studies were identified, of which twenty-eight studies were included in the meta-analysis with a pooled SE of 88% (95%CI: 85-90%), SP of 85% (82-88%), and AUC of 0.93 (0.91-0.95). Analysis for different algorithms revealed a pooled SE of 89% (85-92%) and SP of 88% (82-92%) for machine learning; and a pooled SE of 88% (84-91%) and SP of 84% (80-87%) for deep learning. Acceptable diagnostic performance was demonstrated in subgroup analyses stratified by imaging modalities (Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or Computed Tomography), sample size (≤300 or >300), AI algorithms versus clinicians, year of publication (before or after 2020), geographical distribution (Asia or non Asia), and the different risk of bias levels (≥3 domain low risk or < 3 domain low risk). Interpretation: AI algorithms exhibited favorable performance for the diagnosis of OC through medical imaging. More rigorous reporting standards that address specific challenges of AI research could improve future studies. Funding: This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82073647 to Q-JW and No. 82103914 to T-TG), LiaoNing Revitalization Talents Program (No. XLYC1907102 to Q-JW), and 345 Talent Project of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University (No. M0268 to Q-JW and No. M0952 to T-TG).

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203388, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055796

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 continues to spread worldwide. Given the urgent need for effective treatments, many clinical trials are ongoing through repurposing approved drugs. However, clinical data regarding the cardiotoxicity of these drugs are limited. Human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hCMs) represent a powerful tool for assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity. Here, by using hCMs, it is demonstrated that four antiviral drugs, namely, apilimod, remdesivir, ritonavir, and lopinavir, exhibit cardiotoxicity in terms of inducing cell death, sarcomere disarray, and dysregulation of calcium handling and contraction, at clinically relevant concentrations. Human engineered heart tissue (hEHT) model is used to further evaluate the cardiotoxic effects of these drugs and it is found that they weaken hEHT contractile function. RNA-seq analysis reveals that the expression of genes that regulate cardiomyocyte function, such as sarcomere organization (TNNT2, MYH6) and ion homeostasis (ATP2A2, HCN4), is significantly altered after drug treatments. Using high-throughput screening of approved drugs, it is found that ceftiofur hydrochloride, astaxanthin, and quetiapine fumarate can ameliorate the cardiotoxicity of remdesivir, with astaxanthin being the most prominent one. These results warrant caution and careful monitoring when prescribing these therapies in patients and provide drug candidates to limit remdesivir-induced cardiotoxicity.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141524

RESUMO

The problem of environmental pollution caused by the abuse of antibiotics has received increasing attention. However, only in recent years have antibiotic pollution and its risk assessment to the environment been deeply studied. Although there has been a large number of reports about the input, occurrence, destination, and influence of antibiotics in the past 10 years, systemic knowledge of antibiotics in the groundwater environment is still lacking. This review systematically expounds the sources, migration and transformation, pollution status, and potential risks to the ecological environment of antibiotics in groundwater systems, by integrating 10 years of existing research results. The results showed that 47 kinds of antibiotics in four categories, mainly sulfonamides and fluoroquinolones, have been detected; antibiotics in groundwater species will induce the production of resistance genes and cause ecological harm. In view of the entire process of antibiotics entering groundwater, the current antibiotic control methods at various levels are listed, including the control of the discharge of antibiotics at source, the removal of antibiotics in water treatment plants, and the treatment of existing antibiotic contamination in groundwater. Additionally, the future research direction of antibiotics in groundwater is pointed out, and suggestions and prospects for antibiotic control are put forward.

6.
Metabolites ; 12(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144191

RESUMO

A substantial decline in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) has been reported in brain tissue homogenates or neurons isolated from Alzheimer's disease (AD) models. NAD, together with flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), critically supports energy metabolism and maintains mitochondrial redox homeostasis. Optical redox imaging (ORI) of the intrinsic fluorescence of reduced NAD (NADH) and oxidized FAD yields cellular redox and metabolic information and provides biomarkers for a variety of pathological conditions. However, its utility in AD has not been characterized at the tissue level. We performed ex vivo ORI of freshly dissected hippocampi from a well-characterized AD mouse model with five familial Alzheimer's disease mutations (5XFAD) and wild type (WT) control littermates at various ages. We found (1) a significant increase in the redox ratio with age in the hippocampi of both the WT control and the 5XFAD model, with a more prominent redox shift in the AD hippocampi; (2) a higher NADH in the 5XFAD versus WT hippocampi at the pre-symptomatic age of 2 months; and (3) a negative correlation between NADH and Aß42 level, a positive correlation between Fp and Aß42 level, and a positive correlation between redox ratio and Aß42 level in the AD hippocampi. These findings suggest that the ORI can be further optimized to conveniently study the metabolism of freshly dissected brain tissues in animal models and identify early AD biomarkers.

7.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 902, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056135

RESUMO

An unprecedented number of COVID-19 vaccination campaign are under way worldwide. The spike protein of SARS-CoV-2, which majorly binds to the host receptor angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) for cell entry, is used by most of the vaccine as antigen. ACE2 is highly expressed in the heart and has been reported to be protective in multiple organs. Interaction of spike with ACE2 is known to reduce ACE2 expression and affect ACE2-mediated signal transduction. However, whether a spike-encoding vaccine will aggravate myocardial damage after a heart attack via affecting ACE2 remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that cardiac ACE2 is up-regulated and protective after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Infecting human cardiac cells or engineered heart tissues with a spike-based adenovirus type-5 vectored COVID-19 vaccine (AdSpike) does not affect their survival and function, whether subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation injury or not. Furthermore, AdSpike vaccination does not aggravate heart damage in wild-type or humanized ACE2 mice after I/R injury, even at a dose that is ten-fold higher as used in human. This study represents the first systematic evaluation of the safety of a leading COVID-19 vaccine under a disease context and may provide important information to ensure maximal protection from COVID-19 in patients with or at risk of heart diseases.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Traumatismos Cardíacos , Adenoviridae/genética , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Camundongos , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo
8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109580

RESUMO

Sorafenib, which inhibits multiple kinases, is an effective frontline therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ferroptosis is a form of iron-dependent programmed cell death regulated by lipid peroxidation, which can be induced by sorafenib treatment. Oncoprotein hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) participates in multiple biological pro-tumor processes, including growth, metastasis, drug resistance, and metabolic reprogramming. However, the role of HBXIP in sorafenib-induced ferroptotic cell death remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that HBXIP prevents sorafenib-induced ferroptosis in HCC cells. Sorafenib decreased HBXIP expression, and overexpression of HBXIP blocked sorafenib-induced HCC cell death. Interestingly, suppression of HBXIP increased malondialdehyde (MDA) production and glutathione (GSH) depletion to promote sorafenib-mediated ferroptosis and cell death. Ferrostatin-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, reversed the enhanced anticancer effect of sorafenib caused by HBXIP silencing in HCC cells. Regarding the molecular mechanism, HBXIP transcriptionally induced the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) via coactivating the transcriptional factor ZNF263, resulting in the accumulation of free fatty acids and suppression of ferroptosis. Functionally, activation of the HBXIP/SCD axis reduced the anticancer activity of sorafenib and suppressed ferroptotic cell death in vivo and in vitro. HBXIP/SCD axis-mediated ferroptosis can serve as a novel downstream effector of sorafenib. Our results provide new evidence for clinical decisions in HCC therapy.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080119

RESUMO

Achieving multiple vortex beams with different modes in a planar microstrip array is pivotal, yet still extremely challenging. Here, a hybrid method combining both Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) phase that is induced by the rotation phase and excitation phase of a feeding line has been proposed for decoupling two orthogonal circularly polarized vortex beams. Theoretical analysis is derived for array design to generate quad vortex beams with different directions and an arbitrary number of topological charges. On this basis, two 8 × 8 planar arrays were theoretically designed in an X band, which are with topological charges of l1 = -1, l2 = 1, l3 = -1, and l4 = 1 in Case I and topological charges of l1 = -1, l2 = 1, l3 = -1, and l4 = 1 in Case II. To further verify the above theory, the planar array in Case I is fabricated and analyzed experimentally. Dual-LP beams are realized by using rectangular patch elements with two orthogonally distributed feeding networks on different layers based on two types of feeding: proximity coupling and aperture coupling. Both the numerical simulation and experimental measurement results are in good agreement and showcase the corresponding quad-vortex-beam characteristics within 8~12 GHz. The array achieves a measured S11 < -10 dB and S22 < -10 dB bandwidth of more than 33.4% and 29.2%, respectively. In addition, the isolation between two ports is better than -28 dB. Our strategy provides a promising way to achieve large capacity and high integration, which is of great benefit to wireless and radar communication systems.

10.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2201150, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074801

RESUMO

Stroke patients with diabetes have worse neurological outcomes than non-diabetic stroke patients, and treatments beneficial for non-diabetic stroke patients are not necessarily effective for diabetic stroke patients. While stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) show potential for treating stroke, the results remain unsatisfactory due to the lack of approaches for retaining and controlling EVs released into the brain. Herein, a glucose/reactive oxygen species dual-responsive hydrogel showing excellent injectability, biocompatibility, and self-healing capability is introduced as an EVs-loading vehicle and an intelligent EVs sustained releasing system in the brain. These EVs-hydrogels are developed via crosslinking of phenylboronic acid-modified hyaluronic acid and Poly vinyl alcohol, and fusion with neural stem cell-derived EVs. The results show EVs are stably incorporated into the hydrogels and can be controllably released in response to the brain microenvironment after stroke in type 2 diabetic mice. The EVs-hydrogels exert an excellent angiogenic effect, increasing the migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In addition, injection of EVs-hydrogels into the ischemic mouse brain enhances EVs retention and facilitates sustained release, promotes angiogenesis, and improves neurobehavioral recovery. These results suggest such a microenvironment responsive and sustained release EVs-hydrogel system offers a safe, and efficient therapy for diabetic stroke.

11.
J Biomed Opt ; 27(8)2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945669

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: Stratification of malignancy is valuable for cancer treatment. Both optical redox imaging (ORI) indices and nuclear-to-cytoplasmic volume/area ratio (N:C ratio) have been investigated to differentiate between cancers with varying aggressiveness, but these two methods have not been directly compared. The redox status in the cell nucleus has not been studied by ORI, and it remains unknown whether nuclear ORI indices add new biological information. AIM: We sought to compare the capacity of whole-cell and subcellular ORI indices and N:C ratio to differentiate between breast cancer subtypes with varying aggressiveness and between mitotic and nonmitotic cells. APPROACH: ORI indices for whole cell, cytoplasm, and nucleus as well as the N:C area ratio were generated for two triple-negative (more aggressive) and two receptor-positive (less aggressive) breast cancer cell lines by fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: We found positive correlations between nuclear and cytoplasmic ORI indices within individual cells. On average, a nuclear redox status was found to be more oxidized than cytoplasm in triple-negative cells but not in receptor-positive cells. Whole-cell and subcellular ORI indices distinguished between the receptor statuses better than the N:C ratio. However, N:C ratio was a better differentiator between nonmitotic and mitotic triple-negative cells. CONCLUSIONS: Subcellular ORI analysis differentiates breast cancer subtypes with varying aggressiveness better than N:C area ratio.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Oxirredução
12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 7272371, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36035204

RESUMO

Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a common public safety threat with high morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients worldwide. Qinbaohong Zhike oral liquid (QBH), a marketed traditional Chinese medicine product, has been widely used to cure respiratory diseases. QBH is reported to have antitussive, expectorant, and antiasthmatic properties. However, its treatment effect against ARIs is not elucidated. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic efficacy of QBH in the treatment of ARIs-induced pneumonia. Network pharmacology was used to predict the possible targets of QBH against ARIs. Next, the tracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS-)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) immature rat model was constructed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of QBH. Tandem mass tag (TMT-)-based quantitative proteomics was then used to screen the in-depth disease targets of QBH. QBH exerted a protective effect against LPS-induced ALI by inhibiting pulmonary pathological damage. QBH also reduced the levels of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the serum and IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and GM-CSF in the lung tissue. Based on proteomic data, olfactomedin 4 (OLFM4) related to immunity and inflammation was selected as a potential target. Western blot analysis further confirmed the moderating effect of QBH downregulation on OLFM4 in the lung tissue. Our findings demonstrated that QBH alleviated lung tissue damage and inflammatory reaction via inhibiting OLFM4 expression in LPS-challenged immature rats. Our research indicates that QBH may have therapeutic potential for treating ARIs-related ALI in pediatric patients, which also serves as a candidate target for drug therapy of ALI by intervening OLFM-related signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Lipopolissacarídeos , Animais , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Pulmão , Proteômica , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
Waste Manag ; 152: 6-16, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964401

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the impact of possible subsidy and preferential tax policies on mobile phone (MP) recycling industries in China using system dynamics methodology, aiming to offer a reference for the construction of a reasonable policy system for MP recycling. First, different subsidy and preferential tax policies were introduced to establish a system dynamics model. Then the impact of policies proposed on MP recycling industries was analyzed using the model. The results showed that: (1) newly discarded MPs could be completely recycled annually if recyclers could achieve a RMB10 recycling subsidy for each MP formally recycled; (2) an initial subsidy policy can effectively increase the number of remanufacturers, but is harmful to remanufacturing capacity; (3) stage R&D subsidy policy outperforms equalization R&D subsidy policy. Additionally, more subsidies allocated to remanufactures means more profit when R&D subsidy is limited; (4) more tax benefits provide more output and profit. Remanufacturers are more sensitive to tax benefits than recovery enterprises in the short run. Finally, several suggestions related to the construction of MP recycling policy systems were put forward based on evaluation results.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Reciclagem , China , Indústrias , Políticas
14.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 7593750, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990251

RESUMO

The deep learning methods for various disease prediction tasks have become very effective and even surpass human experts. However, the lack of interpretability and medical expertise limits its clinical application. This paper combines knowledge representation learning and deep learning methods, and a disease prediction model is constructed. The model initially constructs the relationship graph between the physical indicator and the test value based on the normal range of human physical examination index. And the human physical examination index for testing value by knowledge representation learning model is encoded. Then, the patient physical examination data is represented as a vector and input into a deep learning model built with self-attention mechanism and convolutional neural network to implement disease prediction. The experimental results show that the model which is used in diabetes prediction yields an accuracy of 97.18% and the recall of 87.55%, which outperforms other machine learning methods (e.g., lasso, ridge, support vector machine, random forest, and XGBoost). Compared with the best performing random forest method, the recall is increased by 5.34%, respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that the application of medical knowledge into deep learning through knowledge representation learning can be used in diabetes prediction for the purpose of early detection and assisting diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
15.
Anal Methods ; 14(31): 3000-3010, 2022 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916060

RESUMO

Herein, a high-performance electrochemical sensor was constructed based on a metal-organic framework (Zr-UiO-66)/multi-carbon nanotubes/gold nanoparticles (Zr-UiO-66/MWCNTs/AuNPs) composite modified glassy carbon electrode for sensitive determination of tetracycline. The morphology, structure, and performance of Zr-UiO-66/MWCNTs/AuNPs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and electrochemical techniques. The Zr-UiO-66/MWCNTs/AuNPs nanohybrids exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of tetracycline, mainly because of the synergistic effect of the MOFs, MWCNTs, and gold nanoparticles. The electrochemical kinetics and catalytical mechanism of tetracycline were demonstrated, proving that tetracycline's electrocatalytic oxidation reaction was an absorption-controlled two-step process involving the transfer of two protons and two electrons, respectively. Furthermore, a simple and facile method was used to achieve the regeneration of the absorbed saturated electrode. A low concentration of tetracycline was detected by amperometry with the linear ranges of 5 × 10-7 to 2.25 × 10-4 mol L-1 (R2 = 0.9941), the sensitivity was 45.4 mA L mol-1, and the limit of detection was as low as 1.67 × 10-7 mol L-1 (S/N = 3). In addition, the composite electrode demonstrated high selectivity (interference deviation of ± 5%), satisfactory reproductivity (RSD of 5.31%), and long-term stability (easy regeneration) and was successfully applied in the analysis of tetracycline antibiotics in actual samples. Thus, the proposed electrode provides a promising and prospective MOFs-based sensing platform for the detection of tetracyclines in the environment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanotubos de Carbono , Antibacterianos , Eletrodos , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Ácidos Ftálicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tetraciclina
16.
Front Nutr ; 9: 891936, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967803

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have suggested that dietary acid load (DAL) might be related to the risk and prognosis of cancer, whereas the evidence is contentious. Several high-quality observational studies have been published following a prior systematic review with only one study included. Consequently, we conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to comprehensively investigate the relationship between DAL and cancer risk and prognosis. A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases from inception to 26 October 2021. Summary relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs were calculated using a random-effects model. Publication bias, subgroup, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyses were also conducted. Ten observational studies (six cohorts and four case-control studies) with 227,253 participants were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The summary RRs revealed a statistically significant associations between DAL and cancer risk (RR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.23-2.05, I 2 = 71.9%, n = 7) and prognosis (RR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.10-2.13, I 2 = 77.1%, n = 3). No evidence of publication bias was observed in the current analysis. Positive associations were observed in most subgroup analyses stratified by predefined factors, including region, study design, study quality, study population, participants' gender, age of participants, cancer type, DAL assessment indicator, and adjustment of potential confounding parameters. No evidence of heterogeneity between subgroups was indicated by meta-regression analyses. The high DAL might be associated with an increased risk of cancer, as well as a poor prognosis of cancer. More high-quality prospective studies are warranted to further determine the associations between DAL and risk and prognosis for specific cancers.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(8): 2097-2104, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043815

RESUMO

To study the responses of radial growth of Juniperus przewalskii to climate factors of the different periods (pre-growing season (February-April), growing season (May-July)), and the vulnerability (resistance, RT; recovery, RC) of J. przewalskii to different drought events (precipitation, temperature and the both caused), we used tree ring width data of J. przewalskii from 17 sampling sites across the northeastern Tibetan Plateau to analyze the correlation between radial growth and climate factors of different periods, and the vulnerability in different drought events. The results showed that radial growth of J. przewalskii had significant positive correlation with drought index and negative correlation with temperature in the growing season (P<0.1). The vulnerability of J. przewalskii to drought events of different periods had significant difference. In the pre-growing season drought events, the RT of J. przewalskii at low altitude was 2.3% higher than that at high altitude, the RC of J. przewalskii at low altitude was 25.1% lower than that at high altitude. For drought events in the growing season, the RT of J. przewalskii at low altitude was 23.7% lower than that at high altitude, the RC of J. przewalskii at low altitude was 107.1% higher than that at high altitude. The mean RC(1.68) of J. przewalskii in precipitation-caused drought events was strong, while the mean RT(1.43) of J. przewalskii in temperature-caused drought events was strong. The growth of J. przewalskii, especially for that at low altitude, would be largely limited by drought caused by global warming in the future.


Assuntos
Juniperus , China , Clima , Mudança Climática , Secas , Tibet , Árvores
18.
Front Nutr ; 9: 872773, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35782924

RESUMO

The ovarian cancer (OC) follow-up study (OOPS) is an on-going hospital-based large prospective longitudinal cohort study aimed to explore the relationship between pre/post-diagnostic biological, clinical, environmental, and lifestyle factors with focus on the diet and OC prognosis (including drug resistance, relapse, and mortality). Patients recruited during the baseline survey were between 18 and 79 years old, with histologically confirmed OC diagnosis. Their follow-up and medical treatment were conducted at the gynecological oncology ward at Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China after 2015. A total of 703 OC patients made up the final OOPS study population. The follow-up stage was conducted in both passive and active modes. In the passive mode, the follow-up was performed by linkage to the Liaoning Providence Center for Disease Control and Prevention every 6 months to obtain health outcome results. The status of lifestyle factors was re-estimated using the same measurements as those in the baseline survey. OC participants in the OOPS study completed a questionnaire and anthropometric examinations. In addition, biological specimens were collected during the baseline survey, which included blood, urine, and stool samples that were stored for further use. This article is intended to serve as an introduction to this project and to provide details for investigators who may be carry out related analysis.

19.
Neurobiol Dis ; 172: 105824, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35878744

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common type of dementia in the elderly, is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder with no effective disease-modifying treatments to date. Studies have shown that an imbalance in brain metal ions, such as zinc, copper, and iron, is closely related to the onset and progression of AD. Many efforts have been made to understand metal-related mechanisms and therapeutic strategies for AD. Emerging evidence suggests that interactions of brain metal ions and apolipoprotein E (ApoE), which is the strongest genetic risk factor for late-onset AD, may be one of the mechanisms for neurodegeneration. Here, we summarize the key points regarding how metal ions and ApoE contribute to the pathogenesis of AD. We further describe the interactions between metal ions and ApoE in the brain and propose that their interactions play an important role in neuropathological alterations and cognitive decline in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Humanos , Íons/uso terapêutico , Zinco
20.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 151(6): 3807, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778212

RESUMO

A piezoelectric acoustic absorber composed of double micro-perforated panels (MPPs) and their back cavity is studied in this paper. The outer layer of the MPP absorber is a common metal MPP, and the inner layer is a piezoelectric MPP made of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) film. When an alternating voltage is applied to the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-micro-perforated panel (MPP), it can be excited to generate different structural vibration modes, which can bring an additional absorption peak to the absorption performance curve of the piezoelectric acoustic absorber. The numerical simulation and experimental results indicate that the frequency and sound absorption coefficient of the additional sound absorption peak are closely related to the voltage parameters. Especially when the frequency of the alternating voltage is close to the eigen-frequency of PVDF-MPP, the additional sound absorption peak is more significant. Therefore, the absorption coefficient of the piezoelectric acoustic absorber at the corresponding frequency can be effectively enhanced by appropriately adjusting the parameters of the excitation voltage. This method of selectively and specifically improving the sound absorption performance of the required frequency band is very effective in reducing the noise in the dynamic change.

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