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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(19): 10015-10021, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer (TC) is a common malignant tumor of the endocrine system, and its morbidity and mortality are in the high places. Recent studies have focused on exploring biological markers and targeted therapy for TC. This research aims to elucidate the role of LINC00106 in the progression of TC and the regulatory mechanisms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Differential level of LINC00106 in a downloaded profile containing TC and normal tissues from GEPIA database was analyzed. Subsequently, its level in TC tissues and cell lines was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between LINC00106 level and clinical data of TC patients was assessed, including age, tumor staging, lymphatic metastasis, and overall survival. After transfection of si-LINC00106, TC cell metastasis was evaluated by wound healing and transwell assay. Relative levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, ß-catenin, and Vimentin regulated by LINC00106 were determined using qRT-PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: LINC00106 was downregulated in TC tissues than normal ones. Its level was correlated to tumor staging, lymphatic metastasis and overall survival in TC patients. The knockdown of LINC00106 in BCPCP and TPC-1 cells enhanced migratory and invasive abilities and triggered the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). CONCLUSIONS: LINC00106 is lowly expressed in TC specimens, which attenuates migratory and invasive abilities in TC by inhibiting EMT as a tumor suppressor.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(19): 10134-10142, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the ability of gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogel eye pads loaded with amniotic extract to prevent symblepharon in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight rabbits were divided into 3 groups. After ocular alkali burn, Group A (n=16) was treated with amniotic extract-loaded hydrogel eye pads placed in the conjunctival sac, Group B (n=16) was treated with amniotic membrane transplantation, and Group C (n=16) received no treatment. At 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks post-injury, 4 rabbits from each group were selected to evaluate for symblepharon, determine epithelial healing rate and corneal neovascularization, conduct histopathology, and to quantify the expression of TGF-ß1. RESULTS: At 1 week post-injury, the epithelial healing rate in Groups A and B was higher than Group C (p=0.002, 0.001, respectively). At 2 weeks, corneal neovascularization in Group B was less than Group C (p=0.004). At 3 and 4 weeks, no symblepharon has been found in Group A, but it was found in some eyes in Group B and C (p=0.009, 0.013). Further, the expression of TGF-ß1 in Group A was lower than in Group B and C (p<0.001). H&E staining showed that the controls in Group C had more edema and inflammatory cell infiltration in the first 2 weeks, relative to Groups A and B. At 4 weeks, Masson's Trichrome staining showed that fibers were most regularly aligned in Group A and that immuno-histochemical staining found that proliferating cell nuclear antigen was highest expressed in Group C. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with GelMA hydrogel eye pads loaded with amniotic extract shortly after chemical injury prevented symblepharon in rabbits.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(39): 3093-3098, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105961

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the safety and outcomes between keyhole surgery and total laminectomy for resection of intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumors. Methods: Retrospectively collected the clinical data of 102 patients with intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumors(≤3 cm) treated by surgery in Department of Orthopedics in Fujian Provincial Hospital from January 2014 to January 2017. Fifty cases underwent the keyhole surgery and the other 52 received total laminectomy. The operation time, volume of intraoperative bleeding, the leaving bed time, the length of postoperative hospital stay, drainage, postoperative complications, intraoperative neuroelectrophysiological monitoring (IONM), preoperative and postoperative visual analogue score (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), Oswestry disability index (ODI), McCormick spinal cord function grading were analyzed and compared between the two groups to evaluate the safety and clinical outcomes. The data of two groups were compared by t, χ(2) or rank sum test. Results: The keyhole group was followed up for (30±15) months and the total laminectomy group was followed up for (45±15) months. All the tumors were completely resected. All the incision healed well and no cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred. There was no statistically significant differences in baseline data, operation time, the results of IONM, preoperative and 3 months, 6 months, 12 months postoperative VAS, NDI (cervical tumors), ODI (thoracic and lumbar tumors), McCormick spinal cord function grading, tumor recurrence between the two groups (all P>0.05). The keyhole group had less intraoperative bleeding than that in the total laminectomy group ((73±24) ml vs (136±26) ml, t=-12.610, P<0.05), earlier postoperative leaving bed time ((1.4±0.6) d vs (6.5±1.0) d, t=-31.822, P<0.05), and the postoperative hospital stay was shorter ((4.3±0.8) d vs (11.2±2.0) d, t=-22.319, P<0.05), and it was more advantageous in terms of drainage. The VAS, NDI and ODI in the keyhole group improved significantly compared with those in the total laminectomy group 2 weeks post operation (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with the total laminectomy, keyhole surgery is suitable for the treatment of intradural extramedullary spinal cord tumors with small size and limited location, and it is equivalently safe with faster functional recovery.

4.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 913-920, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036505

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy, safety and advantages of gasless unilateral axillary approach (GUAA) in endoscopic thyroid surgery. Methods: A total of 334 patients who underwent the GUAA endoscopic thyroid surgery (GUAA group) or conventional open thyroid surgery (OS group) in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2017 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 289 females, aged from 12 to 72 years old, of whom 139 patients were assigned to GUAA group and 195 patients to OS group. Pathological results included papillary thyroid carcinoma (282 cases), nodular goiter (41 cases) and thyroid adenoma (11 cases). Surgical exploration development curve of GUAA group was drawn and was divided into two parts: the technical exploration stage and the technical stable stage. Surgical efficiency, incidences of complications, and incision satisfaction were compared between GUAA group in technical stable stage and OS group. SPSS 25.0 software was adopted for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age in GUAA group was younger than that in OS group, with a significant difference [(35.3±9.5) years vs. (48.1±10.6) years, t=11.31, P<0.01]. The cases in the endoscope group were divided into technical exploration stage for 51 cases and technical stable stage for 88 cases according to the exploration and development curve. In unilateral radical thyroidectomy and unilateral thyroid lobectomy, the mean operation time [(90.6±18.6) min and (93.5±22.0) min] and postoperative drainage volumes [(121.5±87.6) ml and (155.5±69.1) ml] of GUAA group in the stable stage were more than those of OS group [(61.6±15.6) min and (46.5±8.4) min] and [(93.2±42.3) ml and (78.9±48.7) ml]. The difference was statistically significant (t=12.28, 7.23, 3.35 and 3.05 respectively, all P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in surgical bleeding volumes between two groups [(12.7±6.8) ml vs. (13.5±7.7) ml, t=0.74, P>0.05 and (16.3±14.1) ml vs. (11.9±5.1) ml, t=1.05, P>0.05]. Compared with OS group, GUAA group had the lower incidence of anterior cervical discomfort during swallowing (2.3% vs. 29.2%, P<0.01) and the higher incision satisfaction score (1.1±0.5 vs. 2.8±0.7, t=21.12, P<0.01), however, GUAA group had the higher incidence of supraclavicular (or infraclavicular) numbness after surgery (5.7% vs. 0, P<0.01). And there was no significant difference in the incidences of temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, bleeding, hematoma, infection, lymphatic leakage or chylous leakage after surgery between two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: GUAA endoscopic thyroid surgery is a safe method with high cosmetic satisfaction.

5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1471-1476, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076601

RESUMO

Objective: To accurately estimate the health burden and corresponding economic loss attributed to PM(2.5) pollution in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) area in China in 2015. Method: By using satellite-retrieved PM(2.5) concentration data and population data provided by NASA (the spatial resolution was 1 km×1 km), this study estimated excess mortality attributed to long-term PM(2).5 exposure in BTH area in 2015 based on Global Exposure Mortality Model (GEMM). Besides, Value of Statistic Life (VSL) method was used to evaluate the corresponding health economic loss. Result: In BTH area, the population-weighted average PM(2.5) concentration during 2012-2014 was 46.25 µg/m(3), and 56.6% of total population lived in the area where annual average PM(2.5) concentration exceeded Grade Ⅱ of National Ambient Air Quality Standard in China (35 µg/m(3)); The PM(2.5)-related premature deaths amounted to 193.8 thousand (95%CI: 140.9 thousand-233.3 thousand), Beijing, Tianjin, Baoding, Shijiazhuang, and Handan were the top five cities with high incidences of PM(2.5)-related premature deaths; The corresponding health economic loss was about 35.934 billion (95%CI: 26.099 billion - 43.255 billion) RMB, accounting for 0.70% (95%CI: 0.51%-0.85%) of the area's GDP in 2015, Beijing, Tianjin, Baoding, Shijiazhuang, and Cangzhou were the top five cities with high health economic loss. Conclusions: PM(2.5) pollution has caused severe disease and economic burden in BTH area. Its spatial distribution suggested that it is particularly necessary to develop the air pollution prevention and control policies for key cities.

6.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(8): 832-838, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) is new criteria for diagnosing malnutrition that need validation adjusted to race. Our aim is to determine the optimal reference values of calf circumference (CC), investigate the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition based on different screening tools in inpatients over 70 years old in China and assess its relationship with clinical outcomes. METHODS: We designed two continuity studies by analyzing a prospective multicenter database. First, we estimated and validated the CC cut-off values by receiver operating characteristic analyses against in-hospital mortality. Then the patients who were at risk by NRS 2002, MNA-SF and MUST were assessed by the GLIM criteria using the new CC values. Some clinical parameters and outcome data were evaluated. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off values of CC were 29.6 cm for male patients and 27.5 cm for female patients. The prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition was 27.5% by using NRS2002, 32.6% by using MNA-SF and 25.4% by using MUST. Patients with GLIM-defined malnutrition showed significantly worse values in BMI, total protein, albumin, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, CC, rate of complication, in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and total hospital cost than normal patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed the odds ratio of in-hospital mortality was significantly associated with GLIM defined malnutrition by using MNA-SF [OR = 1.231, 95%CI (1.022, 1.484), P = 0.029]. CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese reference values of CC for inpatients over 70 years old were validated by in-hospital mortality, which could be implemented in GLIM criteria. And this population possessed a high prevalence of nutrition risk and malnutrition. GLIM criteria with MNA-SF seems to be the first choice to diagnose malnutrition.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the prevalence of dental anxiety (DA) in patients with third molar extractions and its influence factors and the correlation between DA levels and postoperative pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive clinical study was performed. All patients who underwent the impacted third molar extraction from October 2017 to February 2019 were enrolled. DA levels were assessed by virtue of the modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS) and pain was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: A total of 150 patients were investigated and 136 valid questionnaires were retrieved, with an effective rate of 90.7%. The independent sample t-test and ANOVA results showed that the anxiety level of patients with the third molar extractions was statistically different in gender, teeth extraction experience and self-assessment oral health status. Multiple linear regression analysis with DA as a dependent variable showed that gender and teeth extraction experience were independent factors influencing DA in patients with third molar extractions. Pearson's test showed that there was a significant correlation between DA level in patients and the postoperative pain on the first day (r=0.542, p=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: For patients (females, poor oral hygiene and no teeth extraction experience), surgeon should pay more attention to DA of such patients and take measures to reduce the anxiety when removing the third molars. Furthermore, surgeon can recommend oral administration ibuprofen sustained release capsules after surgery.

8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1027-1030, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992417

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of fibrin-associated diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) arising within concurrent atrial myxoma. Methods: Six cases of fibrin-associated DLBCL arising within concurrent atrial myxoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Guangdong General Hospital, from 2006 to 2019 were included. The histology, immunophenotype, treatment and prognoses were analyzed. Results: The patients' age ranged from 46 to 78 years (mean 59 years). There were 3 males and 3 females. The tumors were all discovered incidentally on histological examination of surgical pathology specimens excised for atrial myxoma. All patients appeared to have morphological features of DLBCL, B lineage immunophenotype, high proliferative index and latency type III of Epstein-Barr viral infection. They had complete tumor resections without adjuvant chemotherapy and were healthy at 5- to 120-month follow-ups. Conclusions: Fibrin-associated DLBCL arising within concurrent atrial myxoma is an unusual form of DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation, and its clinical outcome is indolent. The findings suggest that this type of lymphoma does not warrant excessive or unnecessary treatments after complete resection.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Mixoma/complicações , Mixoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Fibrina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 758-764, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993262

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma at multiple centers in China. Methods: Between December 2015 and August 2019, the clinical data of 143 patients who underwent LRHC in Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Affiliated Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Zhejiang University, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were collected prospectively. There were 92 males and 51 females with age of (64±11) years (range: 53 to 72 years). Bismuth type: type I, 38 cases (26.6%), type Ⅱ, 19 cases (13.3%), type Ⅲa, 15 cases (10.5%), type Ⅲb, 28 cases (19.6%) and type Ⅳ, 43 cases (30.0%). The patients within the first 10 operation cases in each operation time (the first 10 patients in each operation team) were divided into group A (77 cases), and the patients after 10 cases in each operation time were classified as group B (66 cases); the cases with more than 10 cases in the center were further divided into group A(1) (116 cases), and the center with less than 10 cases was set as group A(2) (27 cases). T test or Wilcoxon test was used to compare the measurement data between groups, and the chi square test or Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the counting data between groups. Kaplan Meier curve was used for survival analysis. Results: All patients successfully completed laparoscopic procedure. The mean operation time was (421.3±153.4) minutes (range: 159 to 770 minutes), and the intraoperative blood loss was 100 to 1 500 ml (median was 300 ml) .Recent post-operative complications contained bile leakage, abdominal bleeding, abdominal infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, and delay gastric emptying, pulmonary infection, liver failure, et al.The post-operative hospital stay was (15.9±9.2) days. The operation time in group B was relatively reduced ( (429.5±190.7)minutes vs. (492.3±173.1)minutes, t=2.063, P=0.041) and the blood loss (465 ml vs. 200 ml) was also reduced (Z=2.021, P=0.043) than that in group B. The incidence of postoperative biliary fistula and lung infection in patients in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (χ(2)=4.341, 0.007; P=0.037, 0.047) .Compared with group A(2), the operation time in group A(1) was relatively reduced( (416.3±176.5)minutes vs. (498.1±190.4)minutes, t=2.136, P=0.034) , the incidence of bile leakage and abdominal cavity infection in group A(1) was lower than that in group A(2) (χ(2)=7.537, 3.162; P=0.006, 0.046) . Kaplan Meier survival curve showed that the difference of short-term survival time between group A and group B was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusions: The completion of laparoscopic hilar cholangiocarcinoma radical surgery is based on improved surgical skills, and proficiency in standardized operation procedures.It is feasible for laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma to well experienced surgeon with cases be strictly screened, but it is not recommended for widespread promotion at this exploratory stage.

10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 114: 110903, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994002

RESUMO

Some ß-Ti alloys, such as Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr (TNTZ) alloys, exhibit a low Young's modulus and excellent biocompatibility. These alloys are promising new generation biomedical implant materials. Selective laser melting (SLM) can further enable customer-specific manufacturing of ß-Ti alloys to satisfy the ever-increasing need for enhanced biomedical products. In this study, we quantitatively determined the relationships between porosity, yield strength, and Young's modulus of SLM-prepared TNTZ lattices. The study constitutes a critical step toward understanding the behavior of the lattice and eventually enables tuning the Young's modulus to match that of human bones. Fatigue properties were also investigated on as-printed lattices in terms of the stress limit. The biocompatibility study included a routine evaluation of the relative cell growth rate and a proteomics analysis using a common mouse fibroblast cell line, L929. The results indicated that the as-printed TNTZ samples exhibited evidence of protein proliferation of the L929 cells, particularly P06733, and that those proteins are responsible for biological processes and molecular functions. They in turn may have promoted cell regeneration, cell motility, and protein binding, which at least partially explains the good biocompatibility of the as-printed TNTZ at the protein level. The study highlights the promising applications of additively manufactured TNTZ as a bone-replacing material from mechanical and biocompatibility perspectives.

11.
Sci Adv ; 6(37)2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917699

RESUMO

Cellular reprogramming suffers from low efficiency especially for the human cells. To deconstruct the heterogeneity and unravel the mechanisms for successful reprogramming, we adopted single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) and single-cell assay for transposase-accessible chromatin (scATAC-Seq) to profile reprogramming cells across various time points. Our analysis revealed that reprogramming cells proceed in an asynchronous trajectory and diversify into heterogeneous subpopulations. We identified fluorescent probes and surface markers to enrich for the early reprogrammed human cells. Furthermore, combinatory usage of the surface markers enabled the fine segregation of the early-intermediate cells with diverse reprogramming propensities. scATAC-Seq analysis further uncovered the genomic partitions and transcription factors responsible for the regulatory phasing of reprogramming process. Binary choice between a FOSL1 and a TEAD4-centric regulatory network determines the outcome of a successful reprogramming. Together, our study illuminates the multitude of diverse routes transversed by individual reprogramming cells and presents an integrative roadmap for identifying the mechanistic part list of the reprogramming machinery.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(17): 8902-8910, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964980

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the diagnostic and prognostic values of Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5 (LPAR5) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its regulatory effects on biological functions of NSCLC cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NSCLC and adjacent non-tumoral tissues were collected for analyzing differential levels of LPAR5 by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Clinical information of recruited NSCLC patients was collected for assessing the diagnostic and prognostic values of LPAR5. In vitro regulation of LPAR5 on proliferative and migratory potentials of H1299 and SPC-A1 cells was examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assay, respectively. In addition, in vivo regulation of LPAR5 on the growth rate of NSCLC in nude mice was detected by tumorigenicity assay. The interaction between LPAR5 and its downstream target MLLT11 was determined by rescue experiments. RESULTS: LPAR5 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues than adjacent non-tumoral ones. High level of LPAR5 predicted higher rates of lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis, as well as worse overall survival and progression-free survival in NSCLC. Knockdown of LPAR5 not only attenuated in vitro proliferative and migratory abilities in H1299 and SPC-A1 cells, but also slowed down in vivo growth of NSCLC in nude mice. MLLT11 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues, and displayed a positive correlation to LPAR5. Overexpression of MLLT11 was able to reverse the attenuated in vitro proliferative and migratory abilities, and the suppressed in vivo growth of NSCLC because of LPAR5 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: LPAR5 stimulates proliferative and migratory potentials in NSCLC by positively regulating MLLT11, which can be served as an effective diagnostic marker for early stage NSCLC.

14.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962807

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the imaging characteristics of simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) accelerated diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with decreased section thickness, with and without motion correction, in comparison to conventional DWI (cDWI) for the detection of lesions in patients with neuroendocrine tumour (NET) liver metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with NET liver metastases underwent cDWI (section thickness [SL]=4 mm) and SMS-DWI (SL=2 mm). Non-linear motion-corrected (Moco)-SMS-DWI was generated in addition to the original series. Qualitative imaging characteristics (five-point Likert scale), the number of high signal lesions, and the detectability and delineation of lesions were evaluated and compared using the Friedman and the Dunn-Bonferroni tests. The test-retest variability (TRV) of the cDWI and SMS-DWI techniques was investigated among 11 healthy volunteers who underwent cDWI (SL=4 mm) and SMS-DWI (SL=4 mm) twice. The Friedman and the Dunn-Bonferroni post-hoc tests were used to compare the mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and the TRV in different liver regions between the three series. RESULTS: Moco-SMS-DWI demonstrated significantly superior overall image quality (p<0.001) with significantly fewer artefacts (p=0.003) than cDWI. The number of lesions detected by cDWI, SMS-DWI, and Moco-SMS-DWI were 348, 504, and 523, respectively. The detectability and delineation of the lesions and the ADC values were significantly higher on the SMS-DWI and Moco-SMS-DWI images than on the cDWI images (all p<0.001). Moco-SMS-DWI showed significantly higher TRV than cDWI in regions near the liver edge (p=0.018). CONCLUSIONS: SMS-DWI achieves higher spatial resolution than cDWI within the same acquisition time, detects more lesions, and provides better lesion delineation. By applying motion correction, the TRV of DWI could be enhanced in regions near the liver edge.

15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1341-1344, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867447

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the molecular characteristics and correlation among isolated strains of Brucella melitensis (BM) so as to improve the strategies on prevention and control of the disease in Jiangxi province. Methods: A total of 25 strains of BM isolated from human in 17 counties of Jiangxi province were analyzed by multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) method. Results: A total of 25 strains of BM were classified into 24 independent genotypes with similarities between 67.00% and 100.00% and Simpson index between 0.000 and 0.773. There were 3 genotypes in MLVA8, including 60.00% (15/25) as 42 genotype, 32.00% (8/25) as 43 genotype, and 8.00% (2/25) as 63 genotype, respectively. There were 7 genotypes in MLVA11 identified, with 116 genotype and 125 genotype the main genotypes, accounting for 56.00% (14/25) of all the identified strains. Conclusions: Genes from all the 25 strains of BM that isolated from human being were with high genetic diversities, and various, genotypes. However, no obvious epidemiological correlation was noticed among these strains, indicating the complexity of the source of infection on Brucella in Jiangxi province.


Assuntos
Brucella melitensis/genética , Brucelose/microbiologia , Brucella melitensis/isolamento & purificação , Brucelose/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Repetições Minissatélites/genética , Epidemiologia Molecular
16.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(10): 839-843, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992437

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinic features of isolated myeloid sarcoma (IMS) involving the pleural cavity. Methods: A case of pleural isolated myeloid sarcoma (PIMS) with pleural effusion as the first manifestation was described. The related cases in literatures were reviewed with"myeloid sarcoma"and"pleural effusions"as the keywords to search China HowNet, Wanfang database and PubMed database. Results: A 59-year-old man complained of right chest pain for 2 months and worsening pain with distress and shortness of breath for 2 weeks. The chest CT scan showed pleural effusion on the right side. Flow cytometric analysis of pleural fluid showed that a population of blasts with CD34 expressing was 37.6% of the total nucleated cells. The pleural biopsy through medical thoracoscopy indicated lymphoproliferative lesions by pathological examination. Immunohistochemistry was performed on pleural histological sections and cell blocks of pleural effusions, which showed CD34 and CD117 positive expression. The diagnosis of PIMS was finally made. Two literature papers with 2 complete cases were found and reviewed. The 3 cases were analyzed. There were 2 males and 1 female. The age was 59, 51, 56 years respectively. One case was a patient with 3 weeks of right upper quadrant and epigastric pain, nausea, and weight loss. Cytological examination of the pleural fluid showed numerous poorly differentiated malignant cells. Histology from an open laparotomy in duodenal biopsies, gallbladder, and mesenteric lymph nodes supported the diagnosis of IMS. The other case was a patient with 6 weeks of dyspnea and a large swelling in the upper vestibular region. Thoracentesis showed 82% myeloid blasts in the pleural fluid. A gingival biopsy showed a diffuse infiltration by cells with a blastic appearance and supported IMS. Conclusion: PIMS was a very rare cause of pleural effusions. The cytological and histopathological evidences were useful to diagnose IMS involving the pleural cavity.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Sarcoma Mieloide/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pleura , Sarcoma Mieloide/patologia , Toracoscopia
17.
BJOG ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether pre-eclampsia (PE)-related placental/extraplacental membrane findings are linked to moderately elevated blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy and later-life hypertension. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: 52 prenatal clinics, 5 Michigan communities. SAMPLE: The POUCH Study recruited women at 16-27 weeks' gestation (1998-2004) and studied a sub-cohort in depth. This sample (n = 490) includes sub-cohort women with detailed placental assessments and cardiovascular health evaluations 7-15 years later in the POUCHmoms follow-up study. METHODS: PE-related placental/extraplacental membrane findings (i.e. mural hyperplasia, unaltered/abnormal vessels or atherosis in decidua; infarcts) were evaluated in relation to pregnancy BP and odds of Stage 2 hypertension at follow up using weighted polytomous regression. Follow-up hypertension odds also were compared in three pregnancy BP groups: normotensives (referent) and moderately elevated BP with or without PE-related placental/extraplacental membrane findings. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Stage 2 hypertension (SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg, or using antihypertensive medications) at follow up. RESULTS: After excluding women with pregnancy hypertension (i.e. chronic, PE, gestational), mural hyperplasia and unaltered/abnormal decidual vessels were each associated with Stage 2 hypertension at follow up: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.7, 95% CI 1.1-6.6, and aOR = 1.7 (95% CI 0.8-3.4), respectively. Women with moderately elevated BP in pregnancy and evidence of mural hyperplasia or unaltered/abnormal decidual vessels had greater odds of Stage 2 hypertension at follow up: aOR = 4.5 (95% CI 1.6-12.5 and aOR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-5.9, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PE-related placental/extraplacental membrane findings help risk-stratify women with moderately elevated BP in pregnancy for later development of hypertension. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Placental findings associated with mother's risk of later-life hypertension.

18.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890446

RESUMO

AIM: To design and assess a novel protocol that employs isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) for rapid detection of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producers in clinical pathogens. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 69 clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates were examined in the new ESBL-ITC test by examining the heat profiles associated with enzyme hydrolysis of different substrates (imipenem, cefotaxime and clavulanic acid). The presence of ß-lactamase genes in the bacteria tested was confirmed by PCR and DNA sequencing. Comparative analysis between ESBL-ITC and conventional minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC)/combined disk method (CDM) showed high agreement between the two assays. However, the ESBL-ITC test had a remarkable advantage of providing testing result within 1 h, in comparison to the 32-48 h required by MIC/CDM. CONCLUSIONS: The ESBL-ITC test developed in this work offers a new option for rapid and accurate detection of ESBL-producers. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Timely detection of ESBL-producers is vital to guide the decision-making process in clinical treatment as well as in hospital-infection control. The new ESBL-ITC test provides a rapid phenotypic assay that can be further adapted for clinical diagnosis of ESBL-producing pathogens.

19.
Diabet Med ; : e14375, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745282

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between newly diagnosed diabetes or prediabetes and depressive symptoms among individuals with risk factors for diabetes in China. We also investigated the associations of depressive symptoms with pancreatic ß-cell function and insulin resistance. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Shanghai High-Risk Diabetic Screen (SHiDS) project. Between 2014 and 2017, a total of 1728 participants were enrolled in this study and underwent an oral glucose tolerance test to screen for diabetes and prediabetes. Insulin resistance was evaluated using the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance and the modified Matsuda index. Pancreatic ß-cell function was calculated using the homeostatic model assessment of ß-cell function, Stumvoll first- and second-phase indexes. Elevated depressive symptoms were determined using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10). RESULTS: The prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms in the total study population was 4.8% (83 of 1728). Compared with the normal glucose tolerance group, individuals with newly diagnosed diabetes were less likely to have elevated depressive symptoms even after controlling for potential confounders [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18-0.68; P = 0.002]. However, prediabetes was not associated with depressive symptoms. The odds for elevated depressive symptoms were increased in individuals with higher levels of the Stumvoll first-phase index. No association was observed between depressive symptoms and insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: Elevated depressive symptoms were less prevalent in Chinese individuals with newly diagnosed diabetes among a high-risk population for diabetes.

20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(7): 774-778, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842301

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effects of exposure of fine particle matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) in Beijing as the main pollutants on olfaction of SD rats. Methods: In October 16, 2018, twenty 8-week-old SD rats were randomly divided into two groups, 10 rats in the exposure group and 10 rats in the control group. They were fed in air pollutant exposure system and clean experimental environment respectively, and the concentrations of PM2.5 and O3 in each system were measured. The degree of olfaction damage of SD rats at different feeding time was assessed by using the buried food test (BFT). The difference of BFT time between the two groups was analyzed by performing the repeated measures analysis of variance. Results: The results showed that the concentrations of PM2.5 and O3 in the exposure group were (22.65±11.47) µg/m3 and (12.36±5.87) µg/m3, respectively, while those in the control group were both 0 µg/m3. The repeated measures analysis of variance showed that the time of BFT in the exposure group was longer than that in the control group (F=6.49, P=0.031). With the increase of feeding time, the time of BFT was prolonged (F=61.69, P<0.001). Conclusion: Exposure to PM2.5 and O3 in the atmosphere might lead to olfaction damage in rats.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/análise , Animais , Pequim , Material Particulado/análise , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Olfato
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