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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641665

RESUMO

The development of wearable electronic skins (E-skins) requires devices with high flexibility, breathability, and antibacterial activity, as in sports sensing technology. Here, we report a flexible, breathable, and antibacterial triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)-based E-skin for self-powered sensing in volleyball reception statistics and analytics, which is fabricated by sandwiching a silver nanowire (Ag NW) electrode between a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) sensing layer and a poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan (PVA/CS) substrate. Benefiting from an outstanding breathability of 10.32 kg m-2 day-1 and biocidal properties of CS and Ag NW, the E-skin offers excellent thermal-moisture comfort and a remarkable antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. A pressure sensitivity of 0.3086 V kPa-1 is demonstrated in the sensing range of 6.65-19.21 kPa. Besides, a volleyball reception statistical and analytical system is further developed based on a 2 × 3 E-skin array. According to this work, the integration of wearable electronic devices with self-powered sensors may expand practical applications in sports.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127182, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537640

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) and other heavy metals usually coexist in soils. Effects of coexisting heavy metals on the accumulation and transfer of Cd in field soils by wheat remain poorly understood. Here we revealed changeable effects of coexisting Pb, Zn and Cu on the Cd transfer from soils to wheat grains. Soil burdens of Cd were found to exhibit positive correlations (r = 0.459-0.946) with those of coexisting Pb, Zn and Cu (particularly Pb). Effects of three coexisting metals on to the uptake of Cd by wheat varied in the directions and/or extents with types of metals and transfer processes of Cd. Coexisting Zn inhibited the uptake of Cd by wheat grains to higher extent than Pb and Cu. Soil Zn, along with soil Cd, soil pH and soil Ca, was used to construct the predictive model of grain Cd (R2 = 0.868). External verifications of the model on 572 datasets of large representation performed well. The predictive accuracy was about 54%, 73% and 89% for a factor of 1, 2 and 5 above and below the ideal fit, respectively. This finding has practical interest in risk assessments and remediation measures of Cd-contaminated soil sites in regional scales.

3.
Chem Asian J ; 16(18): 2596-2609, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403201

RESUMO

Solar-driven photocatalysis holds great potential for energy conversion, environmental remediation, and sustainable chemistry. However, practical applications of conventional photocatalytic systems have been constrained by their insufficient ability to harvest solar radiation in the infrared spectrum. Lanthanide-doped upconversion materials possess high photostability, tunable absorption, and the ability to convert low-energy infrared radiation into high-energy emission, making them attractive for infrared-driven photocatalysis. This review highlights essential principles for rational design of efficient photocatalysts. Particular emphasis is placed on current state-of-the-arts that offer enhanced upconversion luminescence efficiency. We also summarize recent advances in lanthanide-doped upconversion materials for photocatalysis. We conclude with new challenges and prospects for future developments of infrared-driven photocatalysts.

4.
J Biol Chem ; 297(3): 101076, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391777

RESUMO

Inwardly rectifying potassium channels (Kirs) are important drug targets, with antagonists for the Kir1.1, Kir4.1, and pancreatic Kir6.2/SUR1 channels being potential drug candidates for treating hypertension, depression, and diabetes, respectively. However, few peptide toxins acting on Kirs are identified and their interacting mechanisms remain largely elusive yet. Herein, we showed that the centipede toxin SsTx-4 potently inhibited the Kir1.1, Kir4.1, and Kir6.2/SUR1 channels with nanomolar to submicromolar affinities and intensively studied the molecular bases for toxin-channel interactions using patch-clamp analysis and site-directed mutations. Other Kirs including Kir2.1 to 2.4, Kir4.2, and Kir7.1 were resistant to SsTx-4 treatment. Moreover, SsTx-4 inhibited the inward and outward currents of Kirs with different potencies, possibly caused by a K+ "knock-off" effect, suggesting the toxin functions as an out pore blocker physically occluding the K+-conducting pathway. This conclusion was further supported by a mutation analysis showing that M137 located in the outer vestibule of the Kir6.2/ΔC26 channel was the key residue mediating interaction with SsTx-4. On the other hand, the molecular determinants within SsTx-4 for binding these Kir channels only partially overlapped, with K13 and F44 being the common key residues. Most importantly, K11A, P15A, and Y16A mutant toxins showed improved affinity and/or selectivity toward Kir6.2, while R12A mutant toxin had increased affinity for Kir4.1. To our knowledge, SsTx-4 is the first characterized peptide toxin with Kir4.1 inhibitory activity. This study provides useful insights for engineering a Kir6.2/SUR1 channel-specific antagonist based on the SsTx-4 template molecule and may be useful in developing new antidiabetic drugs.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4413, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285210

RESUMO

Enhanced neovasculogenesis, especially vasculogenic mimicry (VM), contributes to the development of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Breast tumor-initiating cells (BTICs) are involved in forming VM; however, the specific VM-forming BTIC population and the regulatory mechanisms remain undefined. We find that tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) is abundantly expressed in TNBC and serves as a marker for VM-forming BTICs. Mechanistically, TEM8 increases active RhoC level and induces ROCK1-mediated phosphorylation of SMAD5, in a cascade essential for promoting stemness and VM capacity of breast cancer cells. ASB10, an estrogen receptor ERα trans-activated E3 ligase, ubiquitylates TEM8 for degradation, and its deficiency in TNBC resulted in a high homeostatic level of TEM8. In this work, we identify TEM8 as a functional marker for VM-forming BTICs in TNBC, providing a target for the development of effective therapies against TNBC targeting both BTIC self-renewal and neovasculogenesis simultaneously.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/antagonistas & inibidores , Mama/patologia , Mama/cirurgia , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Autorrenovação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Camundongos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/antagonistas & inibidores , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
6.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 3294-3308, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224318

RESUMO

Circadian rhythm pathway was demonstrated pathological functions in glioma on single-gene level. We aim to depict the multi-omics landscape of circadian rhythm pathway alteration in glioma using bioinformatic analyses. Multi-omics data were obtained from "cBioPortal" database. Comparisons were done regarding clinical parameters, differential-expressed genes and functional annotations. A pathway index was generated using the expression data from TCGA and GTEx to quantify the general alteration level of the pathway with clinical association of circadian rhythm pathway index explored. A total of 30 genes were mapped on the circadian rhythm pathway. Genomic profile ofcircadian rhythm pathway genes exhibited distinct characteristics on multiple levels between lower grade glioma (LGG) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients. LGG patients presented significantly higher frequencies of multi-omics mutations, as well as significant clinical relevance, on single-gene level. Differential-expressed genes between LGG and GBM patients revealed different functions between subtypes that related to the alteration of circadian rhythm pathway. LGG have significantly higher pathway index than normal brain tissue, while GBM significantly lower than normal tissue (P < 0.01), indicating distinctly altered circadian pathway in LGG. Circadian rhythm pathway index correlated with the prognosis of LGG, but not GBM, patients, with higher score indicating better survival outcome (LGG: HR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.26 - 0.59, P < 0.001). In conclusion, LGG have more multi-omics alterations of circadian rhythm pathway than GBM. Quantification of circadian rhythm pathway using pathway index demonstrated hyperactivated pathway status in LGG and correlated with the prognosis of LGG patients.

7.
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs ; 18(4): 290-298, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fracture is a serious complication of osteoporosis. The long-term therapy process and the heavy restriction to physical activities give rise to a psychological burden on osteoporotic fracture patients, especially older adult patients. Psychological nursing interventions significantly alleviate negative emotional reactions in cancer patients. This research aimed to investigate the function of psychological nursing interventions in the reduction of depression and anxiety and the improvement of quality of life in older adult patients with osteoporotic fracture. METHODS: Osteoporotic fracture patients (n = 106) were divided into control group (n = 53) or intervention group (n = 53). In the control group, the participants were given conventional nursing care. In the intervention group, the participants were given psychological nursing interventions. Anxiety, depression, and quality of life were evaluated and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: After 5 weeks of psychological nursing intervention, the anxiety and depression scores significantly decreased in the intervention group. The Mental Function in Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis score also decreased in the intervention group. LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Psychological nursing interventions alleviate anxiety and depression in older adult osteoporotic fracture patients and enhance their mental function.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/enfermagem , Transtorno Depressivo/enfermagem , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/normas , Fraturas por Osteoporose/enfermagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/psicologia , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/normas , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117716, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247003

RESUMO

Despite the importance of bioavailability for organic chemical bioaccumulation by terrestrial and benthic invertebrates, the principles of bioavailability for organic chemical bioaccumulation remain poorly understood. Here we use large-scale databases with contrasting geographic, compound and organism coverage (from 925 sites, 446 compounds and 184 invertebrate species), and report that bioavailability for organic chemical bioaccumulation follows the power law. It represents that the internal concentration of organic chemicals is the composite power function of the lipid fraction of invertebrates, bulk site concentration of compounds, and organic carbon content of soils/sediments. This law directly links environmental exposures and body burdens of organic chemicals in contaminated sites, and provides a method for enabling case-specific risk assessments of a vast number of organic chemicals and contaminated sites. Our findings may pave the way for translating bioavailability knowledge into risk-oriented regulation of organic chemicals and contaminated sites.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Disponibilidade Biológica , Invertebrados , Compostos Orgânicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3704, 2021 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140483

RESUMO

Exploration of upconversion luminescence from lanthanide emitters through energy migration has profound implications for fundamental research and technology development. However, energy migration-mediated upconversion requires stringent experimental conditions, such as high power excitation and special migratory ions in the host lattice, imposing selection constraints on lanthanide emitters. Here we demonstrate photon upconversion of diverse lanthanide emitters by harnessing triplet exciton-mediated energy relay. Compared with gadolinium-based systems, this energy relay is less dependent on excitation power and enhances the emission intensity of Tb3+ by 158-fold. Mechanistic investigations reveal that emission enhancement is attributable to strong coupling between lanthanides and surface molecules, which enables fast triplet generation (<100 ps) and subsequent near-unity triplet transfer efficiency from surface ligands to lanthanides. Moreover, the energy relay approach supports long-distance energy transfer and allows upconversion modulation in microstructures. These findings enhance fundamental understanding of energy transfer at molecule-nanoparticle interfaces and open exciting avenues for developing hybrid, high-performance optical materials.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9450, 2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941813

RESUMO

Pear [Pyrus bretschneideri cv. Dangshan Su] fruit quality is not always satisfactory owing to the presence of stone cells, and lignin is the main component of stone cells in pear fruits. Caffeoyl shikimate esterase (CSE) is a key enzyme in the lignin biosynthesis. Although CSE-like genes have been isolated from a variety of plant species, their orthologs are not characterized in pear. In this study, the CSE gene family (PbCSE) from P. bretschneideri was identified. According to the physiological data and quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), PbCSE1 was associated with lignin deposition and stone cell formation. The overexpression of PbCSE1 increased the lignin content in pear fruits. Relative to wild-type (WT) Arabidopsis, the overexpression of PbCSE1 delayed growth, increased the lignin deposition and lignin content in stems. Simultaneously, the expression of lignin biosynthetic genes were also increased in pear fruits and Arabidopsis. These results demonstrated that PbCSE1 plays an important role in cell lignification and will provide a potential molecular strategy to improve the quality of pear fruits.

11.
Cells ; 10(5)2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946480

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) refer to a subpopulation of cancer cells responsible for tumorigenesis, metastasis, and drug resistance. Increasing evidence suggests that CSC-associated tumor neovascularization partially contributes to the failure of cancer treatment. In this review, we discuss the roles of CSCs on tumor-associated angiogenesis via trans-differentiation or forming the capillary-like vasculogenic mimicry, as well as the roles of CSCs on facilitating endothelial cell-involved angiogenesis to support tumor progression and metastasis. Furthermore, we discuss the underlying regulation mechanisms, including the intrinsic signals of CSCs and the extrinsic signals such as cytokines from the tumor microenvironment. Further research is required to identify and verify some novel targets to develop efficient therapeutic approaches for more efficient cancer treatment through interfering CSC-mediated neovascularization.

12.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 33-47, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029692

RESUMO

Dysfunction in macrophages is involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including Crohn's disease (CD). Previously, we found that advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) were predominantly deposited in macrophages in the intestinal lamina propria of CD patients. However, whether AOPPs contributes to macrophage dysfunction in CD and the underlying mechanism remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of AOPPs on macrophages functions in CD. In the present study, we discovered increased AOPPs levels were positively correlated with impaired autophagy in macrophages of CD patients. AOPPs could impair autophagic flux by inducing lysosomal dysfunction in RAW264.7 cell line and macrophages in AOPPs-treated mice, evidenced by increased number of autophagosomes, blocked degradation of autophagy-related proteins (LC3B-II and SQSTM1/p62), and decreased activity of lysosomal proteolytic enzymes after AOPPs challenge. Besides, AOPPs could also promote M1 polarization in RAW264.7 cells and bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) in AOPPs-treated mice. In addition, our study revealed that PI3K-AKT-mTOR-TFEB pathway was activated by AOPPs in macrophages. Inhibition of the PI3K pathway effectively alleviated AOPPs-induced autophagy impairment and M1 polarization both in vitro and in vivo, thus reducing intestinal inflammation in AOPPs-challenged mice. Together, this study demonstrates that AOPPs-induced autophagy impairment in macrophages is crucial for CD progression.


Assuntos
Produtos da Oxidação Avançada de Proteínas , Doença de Crohn , Animais , Autofagia , Humanos , Lisossomos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 785: 147279, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Numerous epidemiological studies have investigated the effects of short-term and long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on hypertension and blood pressure among children and adolescents. However, the results were controversial. To provide researchers reliable evidence, this meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: We searched all published studies in four databases examining the effects of particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1.0), nitrogen oxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) on hypertension and blood pressure in children and adolescents. Overall risk estimates associated with per 10 µg/m3 increase of air pollution were analyzed by a random-effect model for articles with significant heterogeneity, otherwise, a fixed-effect model was applied. Subgroup analysis was conducted for studies with significant heterogeneity. RESULTS: Of 3918 identified literatures, 154 were evaluated in-depth with 15 satisfying inclusion criteria. Increased risk of hypertension was associated with long-term PM10 exposure (OR = 1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.13, 1.21). For systolic blood pressure (SBP), significant results were found for short-term PM10 (ß = 0.26, 95% CI: -0.00, 0.53) exposure, long-term PM2.5 (ß = 1.80, 95% CI: 0.94, 2.65) and PM10 (ß = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.19, 0.81) exposure. The corresponding estimates of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were 0.32 mmHg (95% CI: 0.19, 0.45) for short-term PM10 exposure, 1.06 mmHg (95% CI: 0.32, 1.80), 0.34 mmHg (95% CI: 0.11, 0.57) and 0.44 mmHg (95% CI: 0.25, 0.63) for long-term PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 exposure, respectively. Stratified analyses showed stronger effects of PM10 on blood pressure among studies with ≥50% boys' percentage (0.57 mmHg [95% CI: 0.44, 0.70] for SBP, 0.44 mmHg, [95% CI: 0.34, 0.54] for DBP, respectively) and articles using models to estimate exposure (0.90 mmHg [95% CI: 0.20 1.59] for SBP). CONCLUSION: Ambient air pollution was associated with higher hypertension prevalence and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ozônio , Adolescente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , China , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise
14.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 12(9): 1519-1527, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886267

RESUMO

The increase of HIV infection in macrophages results in HIV proteins being released, like HIV Tat which impairs the function of monoamine transporters. HIV-infected patients have displayed increased synaptic levels of dopamine (DA) due to reduced binding and function of monoamine transporters such as the norepinephrine transporter (NET) and the dopamine transporter (DAT). Development of a three-dimensional model of the HIV-1 Tat-human NET (hNET) binding complex would help reveal how HIV-1 Tat causes toxicity in the neuron by affecting DA uptake. Here we use computational techniques such as molecular modeling to study microscopic properties and molecular dynamics of the HIV-1 Tat-hNET binding. These modeling techniques allow us to analyze noncovalent interactions and observe residue-residue contacts to verify a model structure. The modeling results studied here show that HIV-1 Tat-hNET binding is highly dynamic and that HIV-1 Tat preferentially binds to hNET in its outward-open state. In particular, HIV-1 Tat forms hydrogen bond interactions with side chains of hNET residues Y84, K88, and T544. The favorable hydrogen bonding interactions of HIV-1 Tat with the hNET side chain residues Y84 and T544 have been validated by our subsequently performed DA uptake activity assays and site-directed mutagenesis, suggesting that the modeled HIV-1 Tat-hNET binding mode is reasonable. These mechanistic and structural insights gained through homology models discussed in this study are expected to encourage the pursuit of pharmacological and biochemical studies on HIV-1 Tat interacting with hNET mechanisms and detailed structures.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Dopamina , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Dopamina/genética , Humanos , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Norepinefrina , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Norepinefrina
15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(4)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806024

RESUMO

Accurate monitoring of motion and sleep states is critical for human health assessment, especially for a healthy life, early diagnosis of diseases, and medical care. In this work, a smart wearable sensor (SWS) based on a dual-channel triboelectric nanogenerator was presented for a real-time health monitoring system. The SWS can be worn on wrists, ankles, shoes, or other parts of the body and cloth, converting mechanical triggers into electrical output. By analyzing these signals, the SWS can precisely and constantly monitor and distinguish various motion states, including stepping, walking, running, and jumping. Based on the SWS, a fall-down alarm system and a sleep quality assessment system were constructed to provide personal healthcare monitoring and alert family members or doctors via communication devices. It is important for the healthy growth of the young and special patient groups, as well as for the health monitoring and medical care of the elderly and recovered patients. This work aimed to broaden the paths for remote biological movement status analysis and provide diversified perspectives for true-time and long-term health monitoring, simultaneously.

16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2022, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795669

RESUMO

Controlling nonlinear optical signals electrically offers many opportunities for technological developments. Lanthanide-activated nanoparticles have recently emerged as leading platforms for nonlinear upconversion of infra-red excitation within nanometric volumes. However, manipulation of upconversion emission is restricted to varying percentages of component materials, nanocrystal structure, and optical pumping conditions. Here, we report temporal modulation of anti-Stokes luminescence by coupling upconversion nanoparticles with an electrochemically responsive molecule. By electrically tailoring orbital energy levels of the molecules anchored on nanoparticle surfaces, we demonstrate reversible control of molecular absorption, resulting in dynamic colour editing of anti-Stokes luminescence at single-particle resolution. Moreover, we show that a programmable logic gate array based on opto-electrochemical modulation can be constructed to convert information-encrypted electrical signals into visible patterns with millisecond photonic readout. These findings offer insights into precise control of anti-Stokes luminescence, while enabling a host of applications from low-threshold infrared logic switches to multichannel, high-fidelity photonic circuits.

17.
Scand J Immunol ; 94(1): e13047, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914954

RESUMO

Perforin, a pore-forming glycoprotein, has been demonstrated to play key roles in clearing virus-infected cells and tumour cells due to its ability of forming 'pores' on the cell membranes. Additionally, perforin is also found to be associated with human diseases such as tumours, virus infections, immune rejection and some autoimmune diseases. Until now, plenty of perforin genes have been identified in vertebrates, especially the mammals and teleost fish. Conversely, vertebrate homologue of perforin gene was not identified in the invertebrates. Although recently there have been several reviews focusing on perforin and granzymes in mammals, no one highlighted the current advances of perforin in the other vertebrates. Here, in addition to mammalian perforin, the structure, evolution, tissue distribution and function of perforin in bony fish are summarized, respectively, which will allow us to gain more insights into the perforin in lower animals and the evolution of this important pore-forming protein across vertebrates.


Assuntos
Peixes/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Perforina/metabolismo , Animais , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Humanos
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(28): 37172-37181, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712948

RESUMO

Land use pattern is increasingly regarded as an important determinant of environmental quality and regional ecosystems. Understanding the correlation between land use metrics and water quality is essential to improve water pollution prediction and provide guidance for land use planning. Here, we examined the land use metrics and water quality parameters (i.e., dissolved oxygen, DO; pH; ammonia nitrogen NH4+-N; permanganate index, CODMn), as well as their relationships in the Yangtze River basin. The DO and pH exhibited the notable spatio-temporal variability, suggesting that anthropogenic land uses (farmland and urban land) greatly impacted riverine water quality. The catchment and riparian scales respectively showed a high potential in explaining water quality in the dry and wet seasons. The land use metrics were tightly linked to water quality in the dry season, indicating that intensive farming activities led to high loadings of agriculture-related chemicals and thus water quality deterioration. Our results provided useful information regarding riverine water quality response to land use metrics at multi-spatial scales.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Qualidade da Água , Benchmarking , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rios , Estações do Ano , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(6): 1212-1220, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743180

RESUMO

It is unclear whether there are different body mass index (BMI) trajectories among a population with normal BMI levels, and the association between BMI patterns and incident hypertension is not well characterized. This prospective cohort study includes surveys conducted at baseline and three follow-ups. 3939 participants who are free of hypertension at baseline or first two follow-ups were enrolled. At baseline, the age of participants ranged from 35 to 82 years and the mean age was 45.9 years. The BMI trajectories were identified using latent mixture modeling with data from the baseline and first two follow-ups. The effects of different BMI trajectories on the development of hypertension were analyzed using a Cox proportional hazard model. Four distinct BMI trajectories were identified over the study period (2004-2010): normal-stable (n = 1456), normal-increasing (n = 2159), normal-fluctuated (n = 166), and normal-sharp-increasing (n = 158). Relative to the normal-stable BMI group, the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjustment for confounding factors of the normal-increasing, normal-fluctuated, and normal-sharp-increasing groups were 1.244 (1.103-1.402), 1.331 (1.008-1.756), and 1.641 (1.257-2.142), respectively. Additionally, subgroup analysis showed that the normal-fluctuated BMI trajectory was associated with a significantly higher risk of hypertension only in women (HR = 1.362; 95% CI = 1.151-1.611). The BMI trajectories were significant predictors of hypertension incidence, and increasing BMI trajectories within the currently designated normal range were associated with an increased hypertension risk, especially in women.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 101, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a key stage in leading development of non-alcoholic simple fatty liver (NAFL) into cirrhosis and even liver cancer. This study aimed at exploring the lncRNAs expression profile in NASH and the biological function of a novel LncRNA-gm9795. METHODS: Microarray analysis was performed to compare the expression profiles of lncRNAs in the liver of NASH, NAFLD and normal mice (5 mice for each group). Methionine-choline-deficient Medium (MCD) with Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or palmitic acid (PA)were used to built NASH cell models. The role and mechanism of LncRNA-gm9795 in NASH were explored by knocking down or over-expressing its expression. RESULTS: A total of 381 lncRNAs were found to be not only highly expressed in NAFLD, but also is going to go even higher in NASH. A novel LncRNA-gm9795 was significantly highly expressed in liver tissues of NASH animal models and NASH cell models. By staining with Nile red, we found that gm9795 did not affect the fat accumulation of NASH. However, gm9795 in NASH cell models significantly promoted the expression of TNF [Formula: see text], IL-6, IL-1[Formula: see text], the important inflammatory mediators in NASH. At the same time, we found that gm9795 upregulated the key molecules in endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), while NF-[Formula: see text]B/JNK pathways were also activated. When ERS activator Thapsigargin (TG) was introduced in cells with Ggm9757 si-RNA, NF-[Formula: see text]B and JNK pathways were activated. Conversely, ERS inhibitor Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) inhibited NF-kB and JNK pathways in cells with gm9795 overexpression plasmid. CONCLUSION: LncRNA-gm9795 promotes inflammatory response in NASH through NF-kB and JNK pathways by ERS, which might provide theoretical basis for revealing the pathogenesis of NASH and discovering new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
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