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1.
Chemosphere ; 248: 125986, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006831

RESUMO

The processes of (n)ZVI/AC((nano)zero valent iron/activated carbon)micro-electrolysis were applied for nitrate removal from groundwater, aiming to reduce nitrate to N2, an environmentally friendly end product. (n)ZVI was utilized and combined with selected commercial AC to form the micro-electrolysis. Effect of different operational parameters, including reductant dosage, (n)ZVI/AC ratios, and reaction pH, on nitrate and TN removal were cleared. The results showed that nZVI presents higher reaction activities than ZVI in micro-electrolysis. With the increase of the (n)ZVI/AC mass ration from 1:2 to 2:1, the TN removal increased from 16.8% to 38.9%, then declined with the further increase of the ratio. The nitrate removal was negatively correlated with the initial pH of the solution. Compared to ZVI particles, even with a lower dosage, nZVI presented 100% nitrate removal at acidic and neutral pH conditions, and TN removal could maintain higher than 35% with pH lower than 9.0. A kinetic model was also established to explain the pathways of nitrate removal, and the results indicated that AC not only enriched nitrate as an adsorbent but also present highly potential in catalytic converting nitrate to N2. The technique presented great potentials in removing nitrate from water and a promising application prospect.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031949

RESUMO

A high-performance, wide dynamic range, fully-integrated neural interface is one key component for many advanced bidirectional neuromodulation technologies. In this paper, to complement the previously proposed frequency-shaping amplifier (FSA) and high-precision electrical microstimulator, we will present a proof-of-concept design of a neural data acquisition (DAQ) system that includes a 15-bit, low-power Delta-Sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and a real-time spike processor based on one exponential component-polynomial component (EC-PC) algorithm. High-precision data conversion with low power consumption and small chip area is achieved by employing several techniques, such as opamp-sharing, multi-bit successive approximation (SAR) quantizer, two-step summation, and ultra-low distortion data weighted averaging (DWA). The on-chip EC-PC engine enables low latency, automatic detection and extraction of spiking activities, thus supporting closed-loop control, real-time data compression and/or neural information decoding. The prototype chip was fabricated in a 0.13µm CMOS process and verified in both bench-top and In-Vivo experiments. Bench-top measurement results indicate the designed ADC achieves a peak signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR) of 91.8dB and a dynamic range of 93.0dB over a 10kHz bandwidth, where the total power consumption of the modulator is only 20µW at 1.0V supply, corresponding to a figure-of-merit (FOM) of 31.4fJ/conversion-step. In In-Vivo experiments, the proposed DAQ system has been demonstrated to obtain high-quality neural activities from a rat's motor cortex and also greatly reduce recovery time from system saturation due to electrical microstimulation.

3.
Biomaterials ; 238: 119828, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045781

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg)-based biometal attracts clinical applications due to its biodegradability and beneficial biological effects on tissue regeneration, especially in orthopaedics, yet the underlying anabolic mechanisms in relevant clinical disorders are lacking. The present study investigated the effect of magnesium (Mg) and vitamin C (VC) supplementation for preventing steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) in a rat experimental model. In SAON rats, 50 mg/kg Mg, or 100 mg/kg VC, or combination, or water control was orally supplemented daily for 2 or 6 weeks respectively. Osteonecrosis was evaluated by histology. Serum Mg, VC, and bone turnover markers were measured. Microfil-perfused samples prepared for angiography and trabecular architecture were evaluated by micro-CT. Primary bone marrow cells were isolated from each group to evaluate their potentials in osteoblastogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. The mechanisms were tested in vitro. Histological evaluation showed SAON lesions in steroid treated groups. Mg and VC supplementation synergistically reduced the apoptosis of osteocytes and osteoclast number, and increased osteoblast surface. VC supplementation significantly increased the bone formation marker PINP, and the combination significantly decreased the bone resorption marker CTX. TNFα expression and oxidative injury were decreased in bone marrow in Mg/VC/combination group. Mg significantly increased the blood perfusion in proximal tibia and decreased the leakage particles in distal tibia 2 weeks after SAON induction. VC significantly elevated the osteoblast differentiation potential of marrow cells and improved the trabecular architecture. The combination supplementation significantly inhibited osteoclast differentiation potential of marrow cells. In vitro study showed promoting osteoblast differentiation effect of VC, and anti-inflammation and promoting angiogenesis effect of Mg with underlying mechanisms. Mg and VC supplementation could synergistically alleviate SAON in rats, indicating great translational potentials of metallic minerals for preventing SAON.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2509, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054922

RESUMO

NJ001 is a monoclonal antibody that can specifically recognize the SP70 antigen on lung adenocarcinoma cells. The goal of this study was to explore its utility in targeted imaging. Subcutaneous xenograft and orthotopic lung tumor implantation BALB/c mouse models were established. Near-infrared fluorescent CF750-labeled NJ001 was injected into two tumor mouse models. Mice that received orthotopic lung tumor implantation were also injected with NJ001-conjugated nanomagnetic beads intravenously, and then underwent micro-CT scanning. Meanwhile, mice with lung tumor were intravenously injected with normal saline and bare nanomagnetic beads as a control. Fluorescence could be monitored in the mice detected by anti-SP70 fluorescence imaging, which was consistent with tumor burden. Signal intensities detected with SP70-targeted micro-CT scans were greater than those in control mice. More importantly, orthotopic tumor lesions could be found on the fourth week with SP70-targeted imaging, which was 2 weeks earlier than detection in the control. Our results suggest that SP70 is a promising target for molecular imaging, and molecularly targeted imaging with an NJ001-labeled probe could be applied for the early detection of lung adenocarcinoma.

5.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058643

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that multidrug resistance may be induced by the high stemness of cancer cells. In previous study, we found bufalin could reverse multidrug resistance and inhibit cancer cell stemness in colorectal cancer, but the relationship between them was unclear. Here we identified over-expressing CD133 increases levels of Akt/NF-κB signaling mediators and MDR1, while increasing cell chemoresistance. Furthermore, bufalin reverses colorectal cancer multidrug resistance by regulating cancer cell stemness via the CD133/NF-κB/MDR1 pathway in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our results suggest that bufalin could be developed as a novel two-pronged drug that targets CD133 and MDR1 to eradicate MDR cells and could ultimately be combined with conventional chemotherapeutic agents to improve treatment outcomes for patients with CRC.

6.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 25, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: pWB980 derived from pUB110 is a promising expression vector in Bacillus for its high copy number and high stability. However, the low transformation rate of recombinant plasmids to the wild cells limited the application of it. On the basis of pWB980, constructing an E. coli-B. subtilis shuttle plasmid could facilitate the transformation rate to Bacillus cells. Because the insertion site for E. coli replication origin sequence (ori) is not unique in pWB980, in order to investigate the best insertion site, eight shuttle plasmids (pUC980-1 ~ pUC980-8) containing all possible insertion sites and directions were constructed. RESULTS: The results showed that all the selected insertion sites could be used to construct shuttle plasmid but some sites required a specific direction. And different insertion sites led to different properties of the shuttle plasmids. The best shuttle plasmids pUC980-1 and pUC980-2, which showed copies more than 450 per cell and segregational stabilities up to 98%, were selected for heterologous expressions of an alkaline pectate lyase gene pelN, an alkaline protease spro1 and a pullulanase gene pulA11, respectively. The highest extracellular activities of PelN, Spro1 and PulA11 were up to 5200 U/mL, 21,537 U/mL and 504 U/mL correspondingly after 54 h, 60 h and 48 h fermentation in a 10 L fermentor. Notably, PelN and Spro1 showed remarkably higher yields in Bacillus than previous reports. CONCLUSION: The optimum ori insertion site was the upstream region of BA3-1 in pWB980 which resulted in shuttle plasmids with higher copy numbers and higher stabilities. The novel shuttle plasmids pUC980-1 and pUC980-2 will be promising expression vectors in B. subtilis. Moreover, the ori insertion mechanism revealed in this work could provide theoretical guidance for further studies of pWB980 and constructions of other shuttle plasmids.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 260: 114045, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045968

RESUMO

The increasing release of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) or their sulfidized forms into soils have raised concerns about their potential risks to soil ecosystems. Hence, there is a need for novel strategies to remediate metallic NPs pollution in soils. In this study, to explore the feasibility of using earthworm Eisenia fetida to manage soils contaminated with metallic NPs, we simultaneously investigated the chronic soil toxicities of ZnO NPs and ZnS NPs to E. fetida, and the effects of E. fetida on Zn extractability in soils amended with ZnO NPs and ZnS NPs. After a 28 d exposure, survival rate and weight loss of earthworms were not impacted by either ZnO NPs or ZnS NPs at a concentration of 400 mg Zn per kg soil. Further, while ZnO NPs activated earthworm antioxidative system, ZnS NPs resulted in significant alleviation of oxidative damage in earthworm. The presence of earthworms significantly decreased the bioavailability of Zn in ZnO NPs contaminated soil, whereas significantly increased the bioavailability of Zn in ZnS NPs contaminated soil. These findings implied that the earthworm E. fetida could play an important role in altering the mobilization of metals originating from metallic NPs in soils, which may further aid in the development of a method for the treatment of metallic NPs pollution in soils.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of cardiovascular surgery that is associated with increased mortality, especially after surgeries involving the aorta. Early detection and prevention of AKI in patients with aortic dissection may help improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to develop a practical prediction score for AKI after surgery for Stanford type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that included 2 independent hospitals. A larger cohort of 326 patients from The Second Hospital of Jilin University was used to identify the risk factors for AKI and to develop a risk score. The derived risk score was externally validated in a separate cohort of 102 patients from the other hospital. RESULTS: The scoring system included the following variables: (i) age >45 years; (ii) body mass index >25 kg/m2; (iii) white blood cell count >13.5 × 109/l; and (iv) lowest perioperative haemoglobin <100 g/l, cardiopulmonary bypass duration >150 min and renal malperfusion. On receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the score predicted AKI with fair accuracy in both the derivation [area under the curve 0.778, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.726-0.83] and the validation (area under the curve 0.747, 95% CI 0.657-0.838) cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a convenient scoring system to identify patients at high risk of developing AKI after surgery for TAAAD. This scoring system may help identify patients who require more intensive postoperative management and facilitate appropriate interventions to prevent AKI and improve patient outcomes.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(2): 1843-1856, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005028

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Emerging evidences has demonstrated that dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is critically involved in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) progression. However, the function of lncRNA PSMA3-AS1 in ESCC is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to explore the functions and potential mechanisms of PSMA3-AS1 in ESCC cells progression. RESULTS: Here, we found that PSMA3-AS1 expression was significantly up-regulated in ESCC tissues. Forced PSMA3-AS1 expression was correlated with tumor size, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis in ESCC patients. Functionally, PSMA3-AS1-overexpression promoted ESCC cells proliferation, invasion, and migration in vitro. Mechanistically, PSMA3-AS1 up-regulated EZH2 expression by competitively binding to miR-101. CONCLUSION: PSMA3-AS1 is significantly up-regulated in ESCC tissues, and the PSMA3-AS1/miR-101/EZH2 axis plays a critical role in ESCC progression. Taken together, our results may provide promising targets for ESCC therapy. METHODS: PSMA3-AS1 and miR-101 expression were explored using qRT-PCR in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Immunohistochemistry assays were carried out to analyze EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog) protein expression. RIP, dual-luciferase reporter, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and biotin pull-down assays were used to detect the interactions of PSMA3-AS1, miR-101 and EZH2. The biological functions of PSMA3-AS1 in PSMA3-AS1-altered cells were explored using CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing, and transwell assays in vitro.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986506

RESUMO

Electrochemical etching of silicon carbide (SiC) material has received increasing attention in recent years, due to its simple procedure, low cost and significance in exploring novel optoelectronic devices. In this paper, 4H-SiC substrates were electrochemically etched at a constant current of 1.0 A in an electrolyte made up of hydrofluoric acid and deionized water. The layering of SiC porous layer and the periodic fluctuation of the voltage were witnessed for the first time, and the layering phenomenon corresponded well to the voltage period. However, no such phenomenon was observed when the SiC substrates were anodic etched under the same conditions with magnet stirring. As a result, the periodic variation of voltage was hypothesized to be the cause of regular layering during the constant-current electrochemical etching. Electrochemical etching in potentiostatic mode was thus performed at different voltages. We found that the diameter of the SiC nanopores increased while the thickness of the sidewall decreased with the increasing voltage. Based on the experimental findings, a model of mass transport was proposed. The mass transport process would lead to the periodic changes in resistance, hence the periodic change in voltage. It explained the reason of the layering successfully. Furthermore, SiC substrates were also electrochemically etched at high and low currents to find that the threshold current existed for the occurrence of the layering. The energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis showed that the composition of SiC porous layer remained unchanged comparing to pure SiC wafer, implying that the peeling-off SiC porous layer obtained by electrochemical etching can be directly adopted for use on devices requiring SiC porous structure.

11.
Trials ; 21(1): 107, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent class of lifetime disorders in China, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common but frequently overlooked anxiety disorders. Conventional pharmacological treatments for GAD have varying degrees of side effects, dependency, and/or withdrawal syndromes. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is considered a valuable therapeutic option for anxiety disorders and a potentially effective technique to reduce the side effects associated with antipsychotic drugs. This trial aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Antianxiety Granule, a granular Chinese medicine compound, for treatment of GAD. METHODS/DESIGN: The current work is a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial with a 6-week treatment schedule. The study consists of three periods: a 1-7-day screening period, a 6-week primary treatment period, and a 1-week follow-up period. Follow-up assessments will be conducted 1 week after the last visit with a face-to-face interview or by telephone. The clinical efficacy of Antianxiety Granule for the treatment of GAD will be evaluated by examining the change in the Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score, state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) score, and TCM symptom scale in patients with GAD who receive daily TCM treatment. Moreover, an intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis will also be used in this randomized controlled trial (RCT). DISCUSSION: Our study is a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Antianxiety Granule for the treatment of GAD. The results of this trial will provide valuable clinical evidence for the treatment of GAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800016039. Registered on 8 May 2018.

12.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894398

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a new type of intracellular regulator that have been widely identified in animals and plants by high-throughput sequencing. However, there are still few functional studies on circRNAs in plants. To better understand maize circRNAs and their potential functions, we identified 1199 circRNAs in maize from RiboMinus RNA-Seq transcriptome data, and found distinct features of splicing site selection bias, longer flanking introns, and miniature inverted-repeat transposable element (MITE) insertions in flanking introns in maize circRNAs compared to other plant circRNAs. In total, 31 and 36 orthologous circRNAs were identified in rice and maize, respectively, but the orthologous parental genes could not produce orthologous circRNAs, mostly because of long-sequence insertions/deletions at flanking introns and approximately 24.3% of them contained MITE sequences. The majority of maize circRNAs showed high diversity of expression under different treatments and/or in different genetic backgrounds, implying that circRNAs could be involved in various regulatory networks. Twenty-six ecircRNAs were predicted to contain one or more target mimics, and 229 circRNAs had high coding potential, indicating that circRNAs could perform peptide-encoding functions in plants. These results will broaden understanding of the roles of circRNAs in plants and support further functional work on maize.

13.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between dynamic changes of myocardial injury in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and long-term prognosis is still unclear. PURPOSE: To evaluate the extracellular volume fraction (ECV) in the differentiation of reversible from irreversible myocardial injury and the prediction value of left ventricular adverse remodeling in patients with STEMI after reperfusion. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Twenty-four STEMI patients after reperfusion were included FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T, T1 mapping, ECV, T2 -STIR, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). ASSESSMENT: All the patients underwent cardiac MRI at four timepoints (days 1, 3, and 7, and at 6 months). The regions of interest (ROIs) were selected at the infarcted myocardium (with/without intramyocardial hemorrhage [IMH] and microvascular obstruction [MVO]). STATISTICAL TESTS: One-way analysis of variance and the Kruskal-Wallis test were used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Native T1 of MI (without MVO/IMH) gradually decreased after reperfusion (P < 0.05). The ECV of MI increased during the first 3 days and then slowly declined. Native T1 of MI with MVO/IMH was the lowest (1184 msec; 1108.5-1266), while ECV (78%; 65.5-87%) was the highest, P < 0.001. Native T1 and ECV of salvageable myocardium were higher than those of the remote myocardium but lower than those of the MI without MVO or IMH (P < 0.001). ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of ECV (0.85, P < 0.001) for differentiating infarcted and salvageable myocardium was higher than that of native T1 mapping (AUC: 0.63, P < 0.001) in the first week after STEMI (P < 0.0001). T1 and ECV differed significantly between patients with and without left ventricle adverse remodeling (P < 0.05). DATA CONCLUSION: Dynamic temporal changes in reversibly and irreversibly damaged myocardia were differentiated via native T1 and ECV mapping after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in STEMI patients. ECV may better reflect microvascular injury severity and myocardial viability. MI with higher native T1 and ECV or with severe microvascular injury (MVO and IMH) was correlated with adverse LV remodeling. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy Stage: 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2020.

14.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951031

RESUMO

Fermentation is a traditional processing method that can impact the abundance of relevant components in Chinese herbal medicines. Huafeng Dan Yaomu was processed by fermentation. In this study, we investigated changes in toxic alkaloids using HPLC and analyzed the changes in microbial communities during fermentation of Huafeng Dan Yaomu by Illumina MiSeq platform. The results indicated that highly toxic alkaloid compounds including aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine were decreased while benzoylmesaconine and benzoylhypaconitine were increased during fermentation. The dominant bacterial genera in the raw material (day 0) were Bacillus (58.38%), Enterobacter (16.05%), Enterococcus (4.10%), and others (11.48%). After 7 days of fermentation, Pediococcus predominated, increasing from 98.26% to 99.97%. The dominant fungal genera in the raw material (day 0) were Incertae_Sedis_incertae_sedis (45.36%), Eurotiales_unclassified (20.63%), Millerozyma (15.58%), and Saccharomycopsis (10.64%). After 7 days of fermentation, Saccharomycopsis was increased to 90.84%. After 14 days of fermentation, Pichia became the main fungal genera in the fermentation process. There were 16 bacterial genera and 7 fungal genera that displayed significant correlation with toxic alkaloids. The dynamics of the microbiota and chemical compounds during fermentation of Huafeng Dan Yaomu were revealed, providing a foundation for further investigation of the effects of microbes on chemical compounds and insights into the manufacturing of Huafeng Dan Yaomu.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931329

RESUMO

The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is a promising expression system for the production of recombinant proteins, but the purification of these proteins is not easy because of the large amount of host proteins present. To investigate purity, recovery and scale-up ability of the purification of recombinant proteins expressed in silkworm larval hemolymph without any affinity tags, we used mCherry, a red fluorescence protein, as a model. The host cell proteins could be greatly reduced using a three-step chromatography protocol consisting of hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC), size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and heparin chromatography after heat pretreatment. The thermal treatment had the greatest impact on the removal of host cell extracellular proteins and increasing purity. There were still some minor traces of host cell proteins in the purified sample, which showed that the purification of recombinant proteins from the silkworm hemolymph was still challenging. The proposed protocol and affinity tag purification reduced the overall protein content by 99.84% and 99.95%, respectively, while the amount of DNA was reduced by 98.41% and 99.53%, respectively. Purities of our proposed protocol based on SDS-PAGE and capillary electrophoresis (CE) analyses were 85.45% and 43.60%, respectively, while those of Strep-tag affinity purification were 100% or 63.69%, respectively. Using densitometry, the overall recovery was calculated was 5.78%, which was higher than 4.09% using Strep-tag affinity purification. This proposed protocol, mainly based on thermal treatment, HIC, SEC and HiTrap Heparin HP column chromatography, is applicable to an upscalable purification for the silkworm expression system without employing affinity tag chromatography process.

16.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929131

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore whether volumetric measurements of 3D-CUBE sequences based on baseline and early treatment time can predict neoadjuvent chemotherapy (NCT) efficacy of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). MATERIAL AND METHOD: 73 patients with LARC were enrolled from February 2014 to January 2018. All patients underwent MRIs during the baseline period before NCT (BL-NCT) and the first month of NCT (FM-NCT), and tumor volume (TV) was measured using 3D-CUBE, and tumor volume reduction (TVR) and tumor volume reduction rate (TVRR) were calculated. In addition, tumor invasion depth, tumor maximal length, range of tumor involvement in the circumference of intestinal lumen and distance from inferior part of tumor to the anal verge were measured using baseline high-spatial-resolution T2-weighted MRIs. All patients were categorized into sensitive and insensitive groups based on post-surgical pathology after completion of the full courses of NCT. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of different MRI parameters in predicting efficacy of NCT. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences in TV of BL-NCT, TVR and TVRR from BL-NCT to FM-NCT were detected between sensitive and insensitive groups (P < 0.05, respectively). The areas under the curves (AUC) of ROC of TVR and TVRR in predicting efficacy of NCT (0.890 [95% CI, 0.795∼0.951], 0.839 [95% CI, 0.735∼0.915]) were significantly better than that of TV (0.660 [95% CI, 0.540∼0.767]) (P < 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of 3D-CUBE volume in the first month of NCT is necessary, and both TVR and TVRR can be used as early predictors of NCT efficacy.

17.
Asian J Androl ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929198

RESUMO

To evaluate whether prostate volume (PV) would provide additional predictive utility to the prostate health index (phi) for predicting prostate cancer (PCa) or clinically significant prostate cancer, we designed a prospective, observational multicenter study in two prostate biopsy cohorts. Cohort 1 included 595 patients from three medical centers from 2012 to 2013, and Cohort 2 included 1025 patients from four medical centers from 2013 to 2014. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) and logistic regression models were used to evaluate the predictive performance of PV-based derivatives and models. Linear regression analysis showed that both total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) and free PSA (fPSA) were significantly correlated with PV (all P < 0.05). [-2]proPSA (p2PSA) was significantly correlated with PV in Cohort 2 (P< 0.001) but not in Cohort 1 (P= 0.309), while no significant association was observed between phi and PV. When combining phi with PV, phi density (PHID) and another phi derivative (PHIV, calculated as phi/PV0.5) did not outperform phi for predicting PCa or clinically significant PCa in either Cohort 1 or Cohort 2. Logistic regression analysis also showed that phi and PV were independent predictors for both PCa and clinically significant PCa (all P < 0.05); however, PV did not provide additional predictive value to phi when combining these derivatives in a regression model (all models vs phi were not statistically significant, all P > 0.05). In conclusion, PV-based derivatives (both PHIV and PHID) and models incorporating PV did not improve the predictive abilities of phi for either PCa or clinically significant PCa.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 134(2): 155-167, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934723

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancies in adults. Similar to other solid tumors, CRC cells show increased proliferation and suppressed apoptosis during the development and progression of the disease. Previous studies have shown that a novel tumor oncogene, spermatogenic basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor zip 1 (SPZ1), can promote proliferation. However, it is unclear whether SPZ1 plays a role in suppressing apoptosis, and the molecular mechanism behind SPZ1's suppression of apoptosis in CRC remains unclear. Here, we found that silencing endogenous SPZ1 inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis, and overexpression of SPZ1 promotes cell growth. These findings were corroborated by in vitro and in vivo studies. Interestingly, SPZ1 overexpressing cells were resistant to 5-fluorouracil, a drug commonly used to treat cancer. Moreover, knocking down SPZ1 led to the activation of caspase through the deregulation of Bim by ERK1/2, we found that CRC tissues had significantly higher SPZ1 and lower Bim expression, and SPZ1HBimL were associated with advanced clinical stage of CRC. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that SPZ1 contributes to tumor progression by limiting apoptosis. SPZ1 reduces apoptosis by altering the stability of Bim, suggesting SPZ1 may serve as a biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.

19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970902

RESUMO

Macrophage activation participates in the pathogenesis of pulmonary inflammation. As a coenzyme, vitamin B6 (VitB6) is mainly involved in the metabolism of amino acids, nucleic acids, glycogen and lipids. We have previously reported that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) produces anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Whether VitB6 via AMPK activation prevents pulmonary inflammation remains unknown. The model of acute pneumonia was induced by injecting mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The inflammation was determined by measuring the levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) using real time PCR, ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Exposure of cultured primary macrophages to VitB6 increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) Thr172 phosphorylation in a time/dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by compound C. VitB6 downregulated the inflammatory gene expressions including IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in macrophages challenged with LPS. These effects of VitB6 were mirrored by AMPK activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR). However, VitB6 was unable to inhibit LPS-induced macrophage activation if AMPK was in deficient through siRNA-mediated approaches. Further, the anti-inflammatory effects produced by VitB6 or AICAR in LPS-treated macrophages were abolished in DOK3 gene knockout (DOK3-/- ) macrophages, but were enhanced in macrophages if DOK3 was overexpressed. In vivo studies indicated that administration of VitB6 remarkably inhibited LPS-induced both systemic inflammation and acute pneumonia in wild-type mice, but not in DOK3-/- mice. VitB6 prevents LPS-induced acute pulmonary inflammation in mice via the inhibition of macrophage activation.

20.
FEBS Lett ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945190

RESUMO

Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved stress response that promotes the lysosomal degradation of intracellular components. The bone marrow stromal cell-derived growth inhibitor (BDGI) functions as a stress sensor which is upregulated by oxidative stress and DNA damage. However, the role of BDGI in autophagic response to certain stresses remains unknown. Here, our results demonstrate that BDGI defines the impact of autophagy induction under stresses. Overexpression of BDGI promotes, while knockdown of BDGI impairs, autophagy. Mechanistically, BDGI localizes to the nucleus and interacts with the transcription factor transcription factor EB to increase the expression of multiple autophagy- and lysosome-related genes. In addition, BDGI regulates autophagy in a p53-dependent manner. Furthermore, BDGI-induced autophagy enables cell survival under stress conditions. Taken together, our study demonstrates that BDGI is a stress sensor that positively regulates autophagy.

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