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1.
Nanoscale ; 12(3): 1448-1454, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829376

RESUMO

Intercalation has proven to be a powerful strategy for physical and chemical property modulation in two dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) materials. Traditional gaseous and chemical intercalation methods offer the ability for mass production, and the electrochemical method provides reversible fine tuning for in situ material investigation. Spatial control, or even direct patterning, of ions is widely required for practical device fabrication and integration; yet it is not realized. Here we demonstrate a self-driven ion (Co2+, Sn4+, and Cu2+) intercalation approach with patterning ability on vdW α-MoO3. It is proved that the self-driven intercalation was enabled by the formation of a local galvanic cell and could be controlled by the metal electrode potential and the solution concentration. The universality of self-intercalation was confirmed in various types of 2D materials (MoS2, WS2, MoSe2, WSe2 and graphene). Furthermore, the feasibility of building heterostructures by multiple species (Sn & Co) intercalation in a single nanosheet was demonstrated for broadband photodetection. The enhancement of conductivity and photoresponse was found to be due to the synergistic effect of lattice distortion from Sn intercalation and the d orbital from the Co atom. This approach offers a feasible way for direct nano-fabrication in 2D vdW material and functional device integration.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(2): 2892-2902, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860260

RESUMO

Conventional polymer composites normally suffer from undesired thermal conductivity enhancement which has hampered the development of modern electronics as they face a stricter heat dissipating requirement. It is still challenging to achieve satisfactory thermal conductivity enhancement with reasonable mechanical properties. Herein, we present a three-dimensional (3D), lightweight, and mechanically strong boron nitride (BN)-silicon carbide (SiC) skeleton with aligned thermal pathways via the combination of ice-templated assembly and high-temperature sintering. The sintering has introduced atomic-level coupling at the BN-SiC junction which contributes to efficient phonon transport via the newly formed borosilicate glass BCxN3-x (0 ≤ x ≤ 3) and SiCxN4-x (0 ≤ x ≤ 4) phases, leading to much lower interfacial thermal resistance. Thus, the obtained BN-SiC skeleton shows satisfactory thermal performance. The prepared 3D BN-SiC/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) composites exhibit a maximum through-plane thermal conductivity of 3.87 W·m-1·K-1 at a filler loading of only 8.35 vol %. The thermal conductivity enhancement efficiency reaches 220% per 1 vol % filler when compared to pure PDMS matrix, superior to other reported BN skeleton-based composites. The feature of our strategy is to allow the oriented three-dimensional skeleton to be strongly bonded by a sintered ceramic phase instead of polymer-like adhesive, namely, to improve the intrinsic thermal conductivity of the skeleton to the greatest extent. This strategy can be applied to develop novel thermal management materials that are lightweight and mechanically tough that rapidly transfer heat. It represents a new avenue to addressing the heat challenges in traditional electronic products.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0224136, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805060

RESUMO

Taking the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration, with its rapid economic and social development and dramatic changes in land use, as an example with which to conduct this research, this paper analyzes the influence of traffic accessibility on land use and socioeconomic development by using Internet maps, points of interest (POI), and data about land use and socioeconomic development. The results of this study are as follows: (1) the calculation results of traffic accessibility can reflect the real situation because spatial distribution has an obvious feature of circle-like structure, and the development level of each township has high consistency; (2) major change characteristics in land use are that cultivated and forest lands are decreasing, and construction land is increasing, and it is obvious that the increase of construction land is featured by spatial autocorrelation and clusters of construction areas along the city borders; (3) traffic accessibility has a significant impact on land use status and changes and socioeconomic development, while the number of facilities has weak impact on land use, which is a reflection of advanced infrastructure in the urban agglomeration; and (4) the construction of transport infrastructure promotes the transformation of land use from water to construction land, therefore, more emphasis should be placed on protecting the river system in future infrastructure construction so as to improve the ecological benefits in the river basin.

4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5589, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811122

RESUMO

Excitons in two-dimensional (2D) materials are tightly bound and exhibit rich physics. So far, the optical excitations in 2D semiconductors are dominated by Wannier-Mott excitons, but molecular systems can host Frenkel excitons (FE) with unique properties. Here, we report a strong optical response in a class of monolayer molecular J-aggregates. The exciton exhibits giant oscillator strength and absorption (over 30% for monolayer) at resonance, as well as photoluminescence quantum yield in the range of 60-100%. We observe evidence of superradiance (including increased oscillator strength, bathochromic shift, reduced linewidth and lifetime) at room-temperature and more progressively towards low temperature. These unique properties only exist in monolayer owing to the large unscreened dipole interactions and suppression of charge-transfer processes. Finally, we demonstrate light-emitting devices with the monolayer J-aggregate. The intrinsic device speed could be beyond 30 GHz, which is promising for next-generation ultrafast on-chip optical communications.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(50): 47501-47506, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741390

RESUMO

Charge transfer across the interface and interlayer coupling in the graphene van der Waals heterostructure, which is constructed by graphene and semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), is critical for their electronic and optoelectronic applications. Photo-induced charge injection from TMDC to graphene has been studied in several heterostructure photodetectors. However, the response time significantly varies among different reports, ranging from microseconds to milliseconds. In this work, using a graphene/WSe2 heterostructure as an example, we directly observe the carrier density change in graphene by time-resolved optical-pump terahertz (THz)-probe spectroscopy and show the ultrafast picosecond photoresponse of graphene. In the absence of photoexcitation, THz time-domain spectroscopic measurements show that WSe2 can transfer holes to graphene and pull down the Fermi level of graphene. After excitation by the ultrafast laser pulse, the transient THz response shows a rapid (∼0.35 ps) increase in the graphene conductivity mainly due to the hole injection from WSe2 into graphene. Unlike previous reports on band bend as the guidance mechanism for charge transfer, our results show that the relevant mechanism is the band offset across the atomically sharp interface.

6.
iScience ; 21: 217-227, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675551

RESUMO

The inorganic metal oxides (IMOs), including titanium dioxide (TiO2) and tin dioxide (SnO2), inevitably induce decomposition of perovskite under UV illumination owing to their photocatalytic activity, and the use of a UV filter will add extra cost and reduce the effective power output. Here, we first reveal that the weak Pb-I bond in I-based perovskite is prone to breakage under UV photocatalysis, leading to serious degradation of the SnO2/perovskite interface. We introduced a chlorine-rich mixed-halide perovskite interlayer (ClMPI), which possesses an excellent tolerance to photocatalysis owing to the strong Pb-Cl bond, between the SnO2 and I-based perovskite. The ClMPI-based device achieves an enhanced efficiency of up to 21.01% (certified 20.17%). Most importantly, the resultant devices can maintain >94% of their initial performance after 180 h under outdoor solar irradiation, >80% after 500 h under UV irradiation, and 500 h under continuous full spectrum illumination at their maximum power points.

7.
Lab Chip ; 19(22): 3870-3879, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638632

RESUMO

Droplet microfluidics is an emerging tool in many biological and chemical application areas such as digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in vitro diagnosis because of its extremely small sample volume and wide range of possibilities for on-demand adjustment of droplet properties. Although centrifugal microfluidics has been reported as a viable scheme for droplet generation, there is not much progress as far as droplet manipulation and droplet-based reactions are concerned. In this paper, we report a microfluidic pressure regulator scheme along with the use of microcapillaries for periodic droplet generation and the subsequent fusion. This scheme enables fine control over droplet generation and the fusion process by varying the rotational frequency. To control the solution concentration in droplets, we have implemented several fusion devices, including one-to-one mode using a symmetric structure and ratio-adjustable mode with an asymmetric structure. As an application example, we performed cell transfection using the reported droplet-based technique, which resulted in considerable improvement in terms of transfection efficiency compared to the traditional bulk approach. In another example, we synthesized quasi-2D perovskites with controllable compositions and tunable photoluminescence peaks, thus confirming the volumetric accuracy of this approach down to the nano-liter scale. Compared to the common pressure pulsation approach, our centrifugal force actuation scheme offers the advantages of compactness and highly parallel batch processing. We anticipate that the new scheme will find many applications in cell biology and chemical synthesis.

8.
J Health Psychol ; : 1359105319882741, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621414

RESUMO

This article explores how older Buddhists in Singapore use Buddhist beliefs and practices to cope with stress. Semi-structured interviews with six older Buddhists were conducted. Interview transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Data analysis identified three ways of Buddhist-oriented religious coping: meaning-making coping, meditative coping, and ego-transcendence coping. In meaning-making coping, participants employed the notions of karma and duhkha to make sense of stress. Participants' meditative coping methods included visualization and mantra meditation. During ego-transcendence coping, participants drew on the notion of non-attachment to the ego. The three ways of Buddhist-oriented religious coping can be examined in a Buddhism-as-cognitive-schema perspective.

9.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaaw3896, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663014

RESUMO

Noncanonical Wnt signaling in stem cells is essential to numerous developmental events. However, no prior studies have capitalized on the osteoinductive potential of noncanonical Wnt ligands to functionalize biomaterials in enhancing the osteogenesis and associated skeleton formation. Here, we investigated the efficacy of the functionalization of biomaterials with a synthetic Wnt5a mimetic ligand (Foxy5 peptide) to promote the mechanosensing and osteogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells by activating noncanonical Wnt signaling. Our findings showed that the immobilized Wnt5a mimetic ligand activated noncanonical Wnt signaling via the up-regulation of Disheveled 2 and downstream RhoA-ROCK signaling, leading to enhanced intracellular calcium level, F-actin stability, actomyosin contractility, and cell adhesion structure development. This enhanced mechanotransduction in stem cells promoted the in vitro osteogenic lineage commitment and the in vivo healing of rat calvarial defects. Our work provides valuable guidance for the developmentally inspired design of biomaterials for a wide array of therapeutic applications.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 37892-37900, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560511

RESUMO

Flexible thermoelectric materials that can harvest waste heat energy have attracted great attention because of the rapid progress of flexible electronics. Ag2Te nanowires (Ag2Te NWs) are considered as promising thermoelectric materials to fabricate flexible thermoelectric film and device because of their high Seebeck coefficient, but poor contact between the Ag2Te NWs results in low electrical conductivity. Generally, hot or cold pressing can increase the electrical conductivity between the Ag2Te NWs. However, these process tend to destroy the initial morphology of the Ag2Te NWs and/or cause only physical contact between the Ag2Te NWs. Herein, we report an approach to the room-temperature welding of Ag2Te NWs to enhance their contacts by facile combination of vacuum filtration and drop-coating methods. The obtained Ag2Te NWs film exhibits excellent Seebeck coefficient of -99.48 µV/K and high electrical conductivity of 15 335.05 S/m at room temperature, which gives the power factor of 151.76 µW m-1 K-2. Surprisingly, an optimal Seebeck coefficient of -154.96 µV/K and electrical conductivity of 14 982.42 S/m can be obtained at 420 K, giving a power factor of 359.76 µW m-1 K-2. Moreover, the electrical resistance of the Ag2Te NWs film was only 1.3 times of the initial electrical resistance after 1000 bending cycles, indicating good flexibility of the film. A finger-touch test is conducted by using the Ag2Te NWs film as thermoelectric power generator, which achieves a stable output voltage of about 0.52 mV, suggesting its great potential applications in self-powered flexible electronic devices.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17178, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517873

RESUMO

The role of palliative primary tumor resection (PPTR) in improving survival in patients with synchronous unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is controversial. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether our novel scoring system could predict survival benefits of PPTR in mCRC patients.In this retrospective cohort study consecutive patients with synchronous mCRC and unresectable metastases admitted to Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital between January 2005 and December 2013 were identified. A scoring system was established by the serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Patients with scores of 0, 1-2, or 3-4 were considered as being in the low, intermediate, and high score group, respectively. Primary outcome was overall survival (OS).A total of 138 eligible patients were included in the analysis, of whom 103 patients had undergone PPTR and 35 had not. The median OS of the PPTR group was better than that of the Non-PPTR group, with 26.2 and 18.9 months, respectively (P < .01). However, the subgroup of PPTR with a high score (3-4) showed no OS benefit (13.3 months) compared with that of the Non-PPTR group (18.9 months, P = .11). The subgroup of PPTR with a low score (52.1 months) or intermediate score (26.2 months) had better OS than that of the Non-PPTR group (P < .001, P = .017, respectively).A novel scoring system composed of CEA, CA19-9, NLR, and LDH values is a feasible method to evaluate whether mCRC patients would benefit from PPTR. It might guide clinical decision making in selecting patients with unresectable mCRC for primary tumor resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Metástase Neoplásica/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 224: 115198, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472878

RESUMO

In this contribution, citrate-based fluorophore (CF)-modified cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were prepared in a facile manner using sulfuric acid hydrolysis of citric acid/cysteine-treated microcrystalline celluloses. These rod-like CNCs have an average length of 156 nm and an average width of 7.9 nm. Because of conjugated CFs, these CNCs exhibit typical fluorescence characteristics, including a maximum excitation wavelength at 350 nm, maximum emission wavelength at 435 nm, high quantum yield of 83%, and good photostability. More importantly, these fluorescent CNCs exhibit a selective quenching effect toward Fe3+ ions; meanwhile, these CNCs exhibit negligible cytotoxicity and were internalized by cells. Therefore, these CNCs can be used as a fluorescence probe for detecting Fe3+ ions in living cells.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 378, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cripto-1 (CR-1) has been reported to be involved in the development of several human cancers. The potential role of CR-1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still not clear. METHODS: CR-1 expression was evaluated in ccRCC tissues by Real-time quantitative PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Serum levels of CR-1 were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The clinical significance of CR-1 was analyzed. The effects of CR-1 on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis were investigated in ccRCC cell lines in vitro and in vivo, and markers of the epithelial -mesenchymal transition (EMT) were analyzed. The impact of CR-1 on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway was also evaluated in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: CR-1 expression was elevated in ccRCC tumor tissues and serum samples. CR-1 expression was correlated with aggressive tumor phenotype and poor survival. Ectopic expression of CR-1 significantly promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis whereas knockdown of CR-1 inhibited these activities both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we found that CR-1 induced EMT and activated Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CR-1 is likely to play important roles in ccRCC development and progression, and that CR-1 is a prognostic biomarker and a promising therapeutic target for ccRCC.

14.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 105(5): 531-545, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435709

RESUMO

Anti-resorptive agents like bisphosphonates have been widely used for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. However, their long-term safety and efficacy are still controversial. This study is to examine the effect of Asiatic acid (AA) in osteoclastic differentiation, and further to investigate its effect on bone quality in animals. Effect of AA on osteoclastic differentiation was measured by Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase stain, bone resorption pit assays, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling were measured by western blot before and after AA treatment. Ovariectomized (OVX) wild-type or Smad7 partially knock out mice were used to evaluate the effects of AA on bone quality by micro-computed tomography, mechanical test, and histomorphometry. Results revealed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect of AA on osteoclastic differentiation. After AA treatment, Smad7 was upregulated, while NF-κB and TGF-ß signaling were inhibited during osteoclastic differentiation. Results from animal study revealed that AA prevented bone from further loss caused by OVX and increased the mechanical properties of femur in wild-type animals. AA also prevented bone loss in the Smad7-deficient animals. When combining with OVX in the Smad7-deficient mice, AA could only partially preserve their bone mass. Taken together, we found that AA effectively inhibited osteoclastic differentiation and attenuated osteoporosis, which effects may be through TGF-ß and NF-κB pathways. This study reveals that AA may be a potential anti-resorptive agent for postmenopausal osteoporosis.

15.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 103: 109835, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349495

RESUMO

Hydrogels are promising soft materials for the delivery of therapeutic cells and cargo molecules. Inspired by mussel adhesion chemistry, hydrogels based on catechol (Cat)-modified polysaccharides have been developed to enhance hydrogel-tissue interactions. However, due to the inevitable side reactions such as self-polymerization of dopamine involved in the conventional catechol conjugation process, the efficiency of catechol conjugation to polymers is typically low, leading to insufficient stability, low mechanical strength, and poor adhesiveness of these catechol-modified hydrogels. In this study, we report a new approach to synthesize catechol-functionalized hyaluronic acid with improved degree of substitution. Due to the significantly increased conjugated Cat groups, the obtained HA-Cat hydrogels not only can adhere to tissue samples under wet conditions but also can capture cell adhesion proteins to enhance cell attachment and spreading. Meanwhile, owing to the extensive Cat-protein interactions, these hydrogels can also facilitate long-term release of protein-based therapeutic cargoes, such as the osteoinductive BMP-2 protein, thereby effectively promoting osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. These findings show that the HA-Cat hydrogels are ideal carriers of therapeutic cells and drugs for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Catecóis/química , Adesão Celular , Células Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células Imobilizadas/citologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 221: 117167, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170604

RESUMO

It is an easy task to simulate the spectrum properties for the organic dyes applied in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) if the suitable method is chosen. However, it is still difficult to quantitatively determine the overall performance for them. In this work, the short-circuit photocurrent density (JSC) and open circuit photovoltage (VOC) are quantitatively calculated by combination of the density functional theory and first principle for DSSCs based on four different organic dyes, 2-((4'-((4-(bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)diazenyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methylene)but-3-ynoic acid (1), 2-((5-(4-((4-(bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)thiophen-2-yl)methylene)but-3-ynoic acid (2), 3-(7-(4-((4-(bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)diazenyl)-4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b']-dithiophene)-2-cyanoacrylic acid (3), and 3-(7-(4-((4-(bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)diazenyl)phenyl)-2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-2-cyanoacrylic acid (4), in which the triarylamine is donor and the cyanoacrylic acid is acceptor along with variable π group. The 3 and 4 are new theoretically designed organic dyes on the basis of 1 and 2 with different electron-rich group as π group. Both JSC and VOC of 3 and 4 are improved as compared with those of 1 and 2, which breaks the normal "trade-off" rule. As a result, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3 and 4 is improved, especially for 3. The aggregation effect is also considered to evaluate the overall performance, which is favorable to further enhance the reliability of theoretical design.

17.
Adv Mater ; 31(33): e1902543, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231879

RESUMO

Currently, photovoltaic/electroluminescent (PV/EL) perovskite bifunctional devices (PBDs) exhibit poor performance due to defects and interfacial misalignment of the energy band. Interfacial energy-band engineering between the perovskite and hole-transport layer (HTL) is introduced to reduce energy loss, through adding corrosion-free 3,3'-(2,7-dibromo-9H-fluorene-9,9-diyl) bis(n,n-dimethylpropan-1-amine) (FN-Br) into a HTL free of lithium salt. This strategy can turn the n-type surface of perovskite into p-type and thus correct the misalignment to form a well-defined N-I-P heterojunction. The tailored PBD achieves a high PV efficiency of up to 21.54% (certified 20.24%) and 4.3% EL external quantum efficiency. Free of destructive additives, the unencapsulated devices maintain >92% of their initial PV performance for 500 h at maximum power point under standard air mass 1.5G illumination. This strategy can serve as a general guideline to enhance PV and EL performance of perovskite devices while ensuring excellent stability.

18.
ACS Nano ; 13(7): 7402-7409, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203604

RESUMO

Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs), structural analogues of carbon nanotubes, have attracted significant attention due to their superb thermal conductivity, wide bandgap, excellent hydrogen storage capacity, and thermal and chemical stability. Despite considerable progress in the preparation and surface functionalization of BNNTs, it remains a challenge to assemble one-dimensional BNNTs into three-dimensional (3D) architectures (such as aerogels) for practical applications. Here, we report a highly compressive BNNT aerogel reinforced with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) fabricated using a freeze-drying method. The reinforcement effect of rGO and 3D honeycomb-like framework offer the BNNTs/rGO aerogel with a high compression resilience. The BNNTs/rGO aerogels were then infiltrated with polyethylene glycol to prepare a kind of phase change materials. The prepared phase change material composites show zero leakage even at 100 °C and enhanced thermal conductivity, due to the 3D porous structure of the BNNTs/rGO aerogel. This work provides a simple method for the preparation of 3D BNNTs/rGO aerogels for many potential applications, such as high-performance polymer composites.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2705, 2019 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221969

RESUMO

Folded single chain polymeric nano-objects are the molecular level soft material with ultra-small size. Here, we report an easy and scalable method for preparing single-chain nanogels (SCNGs) with improved efficiency. We further investigate the impact of the dynamic molecular conformational change of SCNGs on cellular interactions from molecular to bulk scale. First, the supramolecular unfoldable SCNGs efficiently deliver siRNAs into stem cells as a molecular drug carrier in a conformation-dependent manner. Furthermore, the conformation changes of SCNGs enable dynamic and precise manipulation of ligand tether structure on 2D biomaterial interfaces to regulate the ligand-receptor ligation and mechanosensing of cells. Lastly, the dynamic SCNGs as the building blocks provide effective energy dissipation to bulk biomaterials such as hydrogels, thereby protecting the encapsulated stem cells from deleterious mechanical shocks in 3D matrix. Such a bottom-up molecular tailoring strategy will inspire further applications of single-chain nano-objects in the biomedical area.


Assuntos
Engenharia Celular/métodos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Hidrogéis/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Conformação Molecular , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
20.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 629, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the value of chitinase activity in prognosticating the occurrence of metastasis in and prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The chitinase activity in four different groups, namely 335 CRC patients without distant metastasis at their first visit (Group 1), 51 patients with CRC having synchronous liver metastasis (Group 2), 100 healthy age-matched controls (Group 3) and 40 patients with liver cancer (Group 4), were assayed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The Cox proportional hazards ratio model and Kaplan-Meier curve were used to identify the association between chitinase activity and the clinical outcome of CRC patients without metastasis in the training set and testing set at their first visit. An in vitro Transwell experiment was performed to evaluate the migration of colon cancer cells. RESULTS: Patients with high chitinase activity had a significantly higher metastasis risk than those with low chitinase activity in the training and testing sets during follow-up, both at stage I/II and stage III. Further, multivariate analysis revealed that chitinase activity was an independent risk factor prognosticating liver metastases (P = 0.001). The combination of chitinase activity and lymph node metastasis status increased the accuracy of the prognosis of liver metastases after radical resection (P = 0.454E-011). In addition, chitinase promoted CRC cell migration in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Chitinase activity can prognosticate the occurrence of metastasis in patients with CRC. Moreover, the combination of chitinase activity and N stage increased the power of prognosticating the occurrence of metastasis. Inhibiting chitinase activity may serve as a new strategy to treat metastases of CRC.


Assuntos
Quitinases/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Retais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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