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1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(7): 7942-7959, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The herbal pairing of Dangshen (DS) [Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.] and Huangqi (HQ) [Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge.] (DHP) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that is frequently used to treat chronic heart failure (CHF) in China. However, the pharmacological mechanism of DHP has not been fully elucidated. This is the first study aimed to reveal the active mechanism of DHP in the treatment of CHF by using network pharmacology methods. METHODS: The active ingredients of DHP were obtained from the TCMSP database, and the potential targets of DHP were predicted using the SwissTargetPrediction database. CHF-related targets were searched by the DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. The common targets between the disease and herbs were obtained using a Venn diagram. The STRING database was utilized to obtain the protein-protein interaction data. Next, we used Cytoscape 3.7.2 software to construct and analyze the herb-ingredient-potential targets-disease network. Topology analysis was used to identify the key ingredients and hub genes. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Metascape database to reveal the mechanism. Furthermore, molecular docking simulation was performed using AutoDock Vina software to assess the affinity of the key ingredients and hub genes. RESULTS: Five key ingredients and six hub genes were screened. The six hub genes were closely related to PI3K /AKT or ERK1/2 pathways. The KEGG pathways mainly involved the TNF signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The GO enrichment analysis results showed that DHP might act on biological processes including positive regulation of kinase activity and cellular response to nitrogen compound via the three above-mentioned pathways in the treatment of CHF. Finally, the molecular docking results showed that the five key ingredients exhibited strong affinities to the six hub genes. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the molecular mechanism that the flavonoids in DHP may alleviate endothelial dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy via regulation of the TNF pathway and its downstream PI3K/Akt or ERK1/2 signaling pathways, or improve excitation-contraction coupling by regulating calcium signaling pathway, thereby improving CHF. These results provide insights for further experimentation on its pharmacological effects.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Astragalus propinquus , Codonopsis , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais
2.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e048891, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452962

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common disease worldwide, and imposes a substantial burden to the healthcare system. In CHF, limited exercise capacity and affected mental well-being leads to a reduced quality of life (QOL). How to improve the QOL and exercise endurance is critical for patients with CHF. Exercise therapy, such as some traditional Asian exercises (TAEs) including Taichi, Baduanjin and Yoga, plays an important role in the rehabilitation of patients with CHF. TAE is suitable for the rehabilitation of patients with CHF because of its soft movements and can relax the body and mind. Studies have shown that TAE can regulate the overall health status of the body and exercise tolerance, improve QOL and reduce rehospitalisation rate in patients with CHF. However, the difference in efficacy of TAE in patients with CHF is not yet clear. The main purpose of this study is to conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomised trials to determine the impact of TAE on patients with CHF of different types, different causes and different New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function classifications and to provide references for different types of patients with CHF to choose appropriate exercise rehabilitation therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The literature search will be retrieved from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database, Chinese biomedical literature service system (SinoMed) and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) from the date of their inception until 1 August 2021. All randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effects of three different TAE therapies (Taichi, Baduanjin and Yoga) on patients with CHF will be included. The primary outcomes are peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), exercise capacity (6-min walking distance) and QOL tested with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes include the levels of N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide, left ventricular ejection fraction, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. For included articles, two reviewers will independently extract the data, and Cochrane Collaboration's tool will be used to assess risk of bias. We will perform the Bayesian NMA to pool all treatment effects. The ranking probabilities for the optimal intervention of various treatments (Taichi, Baduanjin or Yoga) will be estimated by the mean ranks and surface under the cumulative ranking curve. Subgroup analysis for different types, different causes and different NYHA heart function classifications of CHF will be performed. We will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system to assess the quality of evidence contributing to each network estimate. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. They will provide useful information to inform clinicians on the potential functions of TAE in CHF, and to provide consolidated evidence for clinical practice and further research of TAE. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020179304.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Meditação , Teorema de Bayes , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Metanálise em Rede , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 742: 140235, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629243

RESUMO

Recently, the recycling of waste tires has caused widespread concern for its environmental issues. The experience of the producer responsibility and tax system is of great beneficial to developing countries. The article also elaborates on the efforts of Chinese government to focus on establishing and perfecting waste tire treatment system by strengthen legislation. The main reasons such as immature market, non-uniform policy and repeated taxation for the survival difficulties of waste tire recycling enterprises in China are summarized. Among numerous resource methods, pyrolysis has been considered as a promising thermochemical process to deal with the waste tires. Unlike other similar reviews that mainly focus on its liquid phase, special attention has been given to solid char, pyrolysis carbon black, due to its wide application and high-value utilization in the future. We summarize the available research on application of pyrolysis carbon black as an alternative to commercial carbon black in rubber manufacture, as activated carbon in pollution control and as biochar for soil improvement. Analysis of the available data revealed that 1) the influence of temperature and time has been basically established; 2) catalyst type, dosage and reactor selection should be adjusted according to product demand; 3) pickling has become the primary means of improving pyrolysis carbon black; 4) the type of modifier and modification method must be adjusted according to the specific characteristics of the raw materials and needs to be combined with the experimental results to realize resource utilization and give full play to its economic value.

4.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 23(4): 687-95, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22362905

RESUMO

Whether the duration of hemodialysis treatments improves outcomes remains controversial. Here, we evaluated survival and clinical changes associated with converting from conventional hemodialysis (mean=3.75 h/treatment) to in-center nocturnal hemodialysis (mean=7.85 h/treatment). All 959 consecutive patients who initiated nocturnal hemodialysis for the first time in 77 Fresenius Medical Care facilities during 2006 and 2007 were eligible. We used Cox models to compare risk for mortality during 2 years of follow-up in a 1:3 propensity score-matched cohort of 746 nocturnal and 2062 control patients on conventional hemodialysis. Two-year mortality was 19% among nocturnal hemodialysis patients compared with 27% among conventional patients. Nocturnal hemodialysis associated with a 25% reduction in the risk for death after adjustment for age, body mass index, and dialysis vintage (hazard ratio=0.75, 95% confidence interval=0.61-0.91, P=0.004). With respect to clinical features, interdialytic weight gain, albumin, hemoglobin, dialysis dose, and calcium increased on nocturnal therapy, whereas postdialysis weight, predialysis systolic blood pressure, ultrafiltration rate, phosphorus, and white blood cell count declined (all P<0.001). In summary, notwithstanding the possibility of residual selection bias, conversion to treatment with nocturnal hemodialysis associates with favorable clinical features, laboratory biomarkers, and improved survival compared with propensity score-matched controls. The potential impact of extended treatment time on clinical outcomes while maintaining a three times per week hemodialysis schedule requires evaluation in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Unidades Hospitalares de Hemodiálise , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Noturna , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol ; 5(2): 252-60, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20019120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Short Form 12 (SF-12) has not been validated for long-term dialysis patients. The study compared physical and mental component summary (PCS/MCS) scores from the SF-36 with those from the embedded SF-12 in a national cohort of dialysis patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: All 44,395 patients who had scorable SF-36 and SF-12 from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2006, and were treated at Fresenius Medical Care, North America facilities were included. Death and first hospitalization were followed for up to 1 year from the date of survey. Correlation and agreement were obtained between PCS-36 and PCS-12 and MCS-36 and MCS-12; then Cox models were constructed to compare associated hazard ratios (HRs) between them. RESULTS: Physical and mental dimensions both exhibited excellent intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.94. Each incremental point for both PCS-12 and PCS-36 was associated with a 2.4% lower adjusted HR of death and 0.4% decline in HR for first hospitalization (both P < 0.0001). Corresponding improvement in HR of death for each MCS point was 1.2% for MCS-12 and 1.3% for MCS-36, whereas both had similar 0.6% lower HR for hospitalization per point (all P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of the SF-12 alone or as part of a larger survey is valid in dialysis patients. Composite scores from the SF-12 and SF-36 have similar prognostic association with death and hospitalization risk. Prospective longitudinal studies of SF-12 surveys that consider responsiveness to specific clinical, situational, and interventional changes are needed in this population.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 54(6): 1098-107, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19782455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incremental achievement of quality indicator goals has been associated with progressive improvement in mortality and hospitalization risk in hemodialysis (HD) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: All 33,879 HD patients treated at Fresenius Medical Care North America facilities for >90 days with scorable 36-Item Short Form Health Survey responses from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2006. PREDICTOR: We hypothesized that achieving up to 5 HD goals before the survey (albumin >or= 4.0 g/dL, hemoglobin of 11-12 g/dL, equilibrated Kt/V >or= 1.2, phosphorus of 3.5-5.5 mg/L, and absence of HD catheter) results in better self-reported quality of life (QoL). OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Distributions of Physical and Mental Component Summary (PCS/MCS) scores within and across quality indicator categories determined during the prior 90 days from survey date (compared using analysis of covariance and linear regression models, with adjustment for case-mix and each of the quality indicators). RESULTS: Incremental achievement of up to 5 goals was associated with progressively higher PCS and MCS scores (both P for trend < 0.001). Compared with patients meeting all 5 goals (n = 4,208; reference group), case-mix-adjusted PCS score was lower by 1.8 point with only 4 goals met (n = 11,785), 3.4 points for 3 goals (n = 10,906), 4.9 points for 2 goals (n = 5,119), 5.9 points for 1 goal (n = 1,592), and 7.8 points in the 269 patients who failed to meet any goal (each P < 0.001 vs the reference group). The corresponding decreases in case-mix-adjusted MCS scores were 1.0 point for 4 goals met, 1.7 point for 3 goals, 2.3 points for 2 goals, 3.0 points for 1 goal, and 4.7 points with no goal met, with each P < 0.001 compared with the MCS score from patients who achieved all 5 goals. LIMITATIONS: Potential residual confounding from unmeasured covariates. CONCLUSION: Patients progressively meeting more quality goals report incrementally better QoL. Further studies are needed to determine whether prospective achievement of quality goals will result in improved QoL for HD patients.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte , Fósforo/sangue , Análise de Regressão , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo
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