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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 117: 105399, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688131

RESUMO

Cornusdiridoid A-F (1-6), six unusual cornuside-morroniside secoiridoid dimers, and their possible new biogenetic precursor, 3″,5″-dehydroxycornuside (7), together with four known secoiridoids (8-11), were obtained from the fruits of Cornus officinalis. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of various spectroscopic and chemical methods. A plausible biosynthetic pathway of compounds 1-11 was proposed. The α-glucosidase inhibitory, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of these isolates were evaluated. Some of them emerged out as potent antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging agents. Molecular docking was also carried out for antidiabetic target α-glucosidase to investigate the possible binding modes of the most potent α-glucosidase inhibitor, vincosamide (9). These results revealed that the secoiridoids from C. officinalis fruits may be served as new potential antidiabetic agents to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.

2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 754, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disseminated nocardiosis is liable to be misdiagnosed owing to the non-specific clinical manifestations and laboratory/imaging findings. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is a culture-independent and rapid method for direct identification of all microorganisms in clinical specimens. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital on February 20, 2019 with a history of recurrent cough, expectoration, fever, and diarrhea since 1 month, and unconsciousness since 1 week. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of head showed multiple lesions in the bilateral cerebral hemispheres, brainstem, and cerebellar hemispheres. The presumptive diagnosis was disseminated tuberculosis, although all tests for mycobacterium were negative. However, the patient did not benefit from antituberculosis treatment. Repeat MRI showed multiple abnormal signals in the brain and progression of meningeal thickening. Cerebrospinal fluid and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimens were subsequently sent for PMSeq metagenomics sequencing; the results indicated Nocardia. farcinica as the predominant pathogen. The anti-TB treatment was stopped and the patient was prescribed sulphamethoxazole in combination with linezolid and meropenem for nocardiosis. He showed gradual neurological improvement and was transferred to Huashan Hospital. He was discharged from the hospital on April 19, 2019, but died of persistent diarrhea on May 26, 2019. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with suspected nocardiosis do not always respond to conventional treatment; therefore, mNGS can facilitate diagnosis and timely treatment decision-making.


Assuntos
Nocardiose , Nocardia , Tuberculose , Idoso , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Metagenômica , Nocardia/genética , Nocardiose/diagnóstico , Nocardiose/tratamento farmacológico
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 281: 114526, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400264

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Loganin, an iridoid glycoside, is one of the quality control indexes of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. Increasing evidence emphasize the important role of inflammation in the pathology of depression, which links depression with other chronic diseases. Loganin prevents inflammatory response in multiple diseases and reverses depressive-like behaviors. However, the mechanisms underlying antidepressant-like effects of loganin for the treatment of inflammation-associated depression are not utterly understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to predict the potential targets of loganin against inflammation-associated depression using a network pharmacology approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pharmmapper and Uniport were used to predict loganin-related targets. Targets of inflammation were identified through GeneCards databases and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were used to identify the potential mechanism. Finally, qRT-PCR and ELISA were used to confirm the role of loganin on these targets. RESULTS: There were 15 nodes in the loganin-inflammation-depression intersection targets network. In the network, the degree value of CTNNB1 was above 3. Among top ten pathways identified by KEGG analysis, Th1/Th2 cell differentiation and IL-17 signaling pathways were related with both inflammation and depression. As indicated by qRT-PCR results, loganin increased CTNNB1 mRNA level. Moreover, loganin elevated M2 markers of microglia but decreased M1 markers of microglia against lipopolysaccharide (LPS), indicated by qRT-PCR results and ELISA results. CONCLUSION: CTNNB1 was the main target of loganin. Loganin alleviated LPS-induced inflammation through inhibiting M1 polarization of microglia. Our results provide a better understanding of loganin-induced antidepressant-like effects for the treatment of inflammation-associated depression.

4.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 238(11): 3063-3070, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342673

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Depression is a serious neuropsychiatric disorder, which is characterized by sustaining mood disorders. Loganin, a major iridoid glycoside from Corni fructus, has a variety of pharmacological activities, including neuroprotective effect and hypnotic effect. However, little is known about the effects of loganin on stress-induced depression. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of loganin on behavioral despair of mice, and whether serotonin (5-HT) and/or noradrenaline (NE) are involved in this process. METHODS: We tested the effectiveness of loganin using tail suspension test (TST). The possible mechanism was explored using reserpine-induced ptosis and hypothermia, and 5-HTP-induced head-twitch response in mice. The changes of 5-HT and NE in the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum were measured through high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Then, we identified the effects of depleting 5-HT and NE by PCPA (p-chlorophenylalanine) and DSP-4 (N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine hydrochloride) pretreatment, respectively. RESULTS: Loganin (12.5/50 mg/kg) induced antidepressant-like effects in mice submitted to TST. Loganin (12.5/50 mg/kg) ameliorated the reserpine-induced hypothermia and ptosis, as well as increased 5-HTP-induced head-twitch responses in mice. Loganin (50 mg/kg) significantly increased the levels of 5-HT in the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and striatum. Furthermore, only PCPA treatment could eliminate loganin-induced antidepressant-like effects in TST. CONCLUSION: Loganin exerts antidepressant-like effect in the TST depending on 5-HT levels in the central nervous system, which provide a potential agent for depression therapy.


Assuntos
Depressão , Atividade Motora , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Comportamento Animal , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Iridoides , Camundongos , Serotonina/farmacologia
5.
J Org Chem ; 86(8): 5894-5900, 2021 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793234

RESUMO

Fischdiabietane A (1), a novel asymmetric diterpenoid dimer with a unique nonacyclic 6/6/6/5/7/6/6/6/6 ring system possessing unprecedented 2-oxaspiro[4.5]decane-1-one and 2-oxabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane frameworks in D/E/F rings, was isolated from the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic techniques, electronic circular dichroism calculations, and X-ray diffraction experiments. Notably, 1 is the first abietane-type [4 + 2] Diels-Alder dimer identified from nature. The IC50 of 1 against T47D cells was about sixfold higher than that of cisplatin (the positive control). Furthermore, 1 induced apoptosis in T47D cells through the activation of caspase-3 and the degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Euphorbia , Carbono , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas , Esqueleto
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 275: 114095, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819505

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Euphorbia fischeriana Steud. (Euphorbiaceae) is a perennial herb distributed in grassland, hill slopes or gravel hillside, with average altitude of 100-600 m. The whole grass of E. fischeriana is toxic with roots used as folk medicine to treat Zhushui, dyspepsia, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, cough, as well as external applications such as cure of scabies and tuberculosis of lymph nodes. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This systematic review aims to provide a detailed and in-depth summary about the reported advances in traditional uses, clinical applications, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicity of E. fischeriana, so as to offer fresh ideas and broader vision and insights for subsequent studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various scientific data bases such as CNKI, Elsevier, Google Scholar, Pubmed, Science Direct, SciFinder Scholar and Web of Science were searched to collect information about E. fischeriana. Other relevant literatures were searched in 'Flora of China Editorial Committee', ancient books, Ph.D and Masters' Dissertation to get more data of E. fischeriana. RESULTS: A total of 241 chemical constituents have been identified from the roots of E. fischeriana, including diterpenoids, triterpenoids, meroterpenoids, acetophenones, flavonoids, coumarins, steroids, phenolic acids, tannins, etc. Various pharmacological activities have been demonstrated, especially anti-tumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-leukemia activities. Moreover, different investigations about clinical uses and toxicology of E. fischeriana indicated that attention should be paid to its usage and dosage. CONCLUSION: The researches of E. fischeriana are excellent, but gap still remains. As a poisonous traditional Chinese medicine, there are not enough studies on the toxicity of E. fischeriana. In addition, scholars' research on the pharmacological mechanism of E. fischeriana focuses more on the anti-tumor activity, which can be broadened in the future. Presumably, chemical constituents and biological activities of diterpenoids and trace meroterpenoids in E. fischeriana deserve further research in-depth in the future, in order to provide low toxicity and high efficiency lead compounds. Meanwhile, further studies on other medicinal aspects may lay a foundation for the comprehensive development and utilization of E. fischeriana.


Assuntos
Euphorbia/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Euphorbia/toxicidade , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
7.
Pharmacol Ther ; 226: 107875, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901503

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates that dysfunction of glutamate receptors is involved in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Although accumulating efforts have been made to elucidate the applications and mechanisms underlying antidepressant-like effects of ketamine, a non-selective antagonist of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), the role of specific glutamate receptor subunit in regulating depression is not completely clear. The current review aims to discuss the relationships between glutamate receptor subunits and depressive-like behaviors. Research literatures were searched from inception to July 2020. We summarized the alterations of glutamate receptor subunits in patients with MDD and animal models of depression. Animal behaviors in response to dysfunction of glutamate receptor subunits were also surveyed. To fully understand mechanisms underlying antidepressant-like effects of modulators targeting glutamate receptors, we discussed effects of each glutamate receptor subunit on serotonin system, synaptic plasticity, neurogenesis and neuroinflammation. Finally, we collected most recent clinical applications of glutamate receptor modulators and pointed out the limitations of these candidates in the treatment of MDD.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 186: 112736, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799193

RESUMO

Euphorbia ebracteolata Hayata, as a traditional medicine, is widely distributed in China, Korea and Japan. In China, the dried root of this plant is named 'langdu'. It is traditionally used to treat oedema, skin ulcers, abdominal distension, cough, asthma, tuberculosis swelling and other diseases. Previous studies have found that the chemical constituents of E. ebracteolata are mainly concentrated in terpenoids, acetophenones, and flavonoids. Both extracts and pure compounds from E. ebracteolata were found to possess many pharmacological activities, such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antimicrobial effects. In addition, it was reported that E. ebracteolata shows toxicity. To provide inspiration for further in-depth studies on this plant, this review will provide a timely and systematic summary of E. ebracteolata in traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology toxicology, and quality control.


Assuntos
Botânica , Euphorbia , Euphorbiaceae , China , Etnofarmacologia , Japão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Controle de Qualidade , República da Coreia
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 112915, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360044

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Stellera Linn. consists of species of perennial herbs and shrubs, and is mainly distributed in the temperate regions of east Asia to west Asia. There are 10∼12 species in the world, two species in China: Stellera chamaejasme Linn. and Stellera formosana Hayata ex Li. As recorded, the roots of Stellera species are used to dissipate phlegm and relieve pain. The roots and the barks can be used for papermaking. AIM OF THIS REVIEW: This review aims to summarize the ethnopharmacological uses, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, clinical applications and toxicology of the genus Stellera to better understand their therapeutic potential in the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relevant information of the genus Stellera was collected from scientific databases (Pubmed, ACS website, SciFinder Scholar, Elsevier, Google Scholar, Web of Science and CNKI). Information was also gathered from 'Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae (〈〈〉〉)', folk records, conference papers on ethnopharmacology, Ph.D. and Masters' Dissertation. RESULTS: Stellera plants have been studied as traditional folk medicines all around the world. The chemical constituents of Stellera species mainly comprise terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins, lignans, and so on. Extracts and compounds of Stellera species exhibit extensive pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-viral, anti-convulsive, anti-epileptic, anti-bacterial and anti-insect activities, etc. Clinical applications have suggested that the genus Stellera has the effects in treating several skin diseases and cancers, however, the results should be further verification. The genus Stellera plants are toxic and should be used reasonable. CONCLUSION: This paper reviewed the ethnopharmacological uses, chemical constituents, pharmacology, clinical applications and toxicology of the genus Stellera. The genus Stellera has broad application prospects. However, further in-depth studies are needed to determine the medical uses of the genus and its chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, clinical applications and toxicology.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Etnofarmacologia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Thymelaeaceae , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Etnofarmacologia/tendências , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional/tendências , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e19811, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629622

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial Enterococcus faecium (E faecium) infections are common among immunocompromised patients; however, sepsis caused by E faecium is rarely encountered in the clinical setting. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old woman with a previous history of tuberculosis (TB), developed symptoms of recurrent fever, paroxysmal cough, and exertional dyspnea for over 2 months before she presented to the hospital. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was initially misdiagnosed with recurrent TB, and did not respond to anti-TB therapy. Culture results of blood, endotracheal necrotic tissue, and urine confirmed a diagnosis of multifocal E faecium infection. INTERVENTIONS: On definitive diagnosis, the patient received intensive antimicrobial combination treatment with linezolid, teicoplanin, caspofungin, and voriconazole on the basis of antimicrobial susceptibility results. OUTCOMES: After transient improvement, the patient's condition deteriorated due to secondary infections, and the patient died after discharge against medical advice. CONCLUSION: E faecium bacteremia may cause sepsis in immunocompromised patients, and has a high mortality rate. Careful pathogen detection and early initiation of treatment is crucial to good patient outcome.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecium/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Sepse/microbiologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico
11.
Phytochemistry ; 177: 112428, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535346

RESUMO

Erythrosides A-G, seven undescribed oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins, were isolated from the seeds of Erythrophleum fordii. Their structures with absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis including one-dimensional [1D] and two-dimensional [2D] nuclear magnetic resonance [NMR], high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy [HR-ESI-MS] analysis, and chemical methods. Erythrosides A-G featured a diverse oligosaccharide chain containing 4-6 pentoses or hexoses at C-3 and a monoterpenic acid or a (E)-cinnamic acid unit at the C-21 position. Of particular interest, erythrosides A-C, E and F contained a rare alpha xylose in their sugar chains. The bioassay results indicated that erythrosides A-C showed moderate cytotoxic activities against human lung cancer cell line PC9 with IC50 values of 13.14, 16.67 and 17.59 µM, respectively (the positive control, Taxol, IC50 = 0.60 nM).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Fabaceae , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Sementes
12.
Neurochem Int ; 136: 104731, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201280

RESUMO

Increasing evidences support that glial connexins are involved in the demyelination pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder. Here, we review the data from patients with MS and animal models of MS that implicate connexins in demyelination. Connexins expressed in oligodendrocytes and astrocytes show diverse changes at the different phases of MS. Loss of oligodendrocyte or astrocyte connexins contributes to demyelination and exaggerates the pathology of MS. Channel-dependent and -independent connexins are involved in the pathology of demyelination, which is related with myelin integrity, metabolic homeostasis, the brain-blood barrier, the immune cell infiltration, and the inflammatory response. A comprehensive understanding of connexin function in demyelination may provide new therapeutic targets for MS.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Conexinas/metabolismo , Doenças Desmielinizantes/metabolismo , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Oligodendroglia/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Neuroglia/metabolismo
13.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112232, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911266

RESUMO

Corni Fructus, also known as the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc., has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and is widely consumed as a nutritional food in the form of function drink and wine. Recently, Corni Fructus has attracted considerable interest because of its anti-diabetic effects. A systematic phytochemical investigation of Corni Fructus was performed to find anti-diabetic components, which led to the isolation of 10 unreported iridoid glycosides, cornusdiglycosides A-J (1-8, 9a/9b and 10a/10b). Their chemical structures were determined through spectroscopic analysis (ultraviolet [UV], infrared [IR], high-resolution electrospray ionisation mass spectroscopy [HRESIMS], one-dimensional [1D] and two-dimensional [2D] nuclear magnetic resonance [NMR]). Such morroniside-type diglycosides were first reported from natural sources, and all isolates were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The results showed that all compounds (1-10) exhibited α-glucosidase (from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 78.9 ± 4.09 to 162.2 ± 9.17 µM, whereas acarbose, the positive control, displayed α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 118.9 ± 7.89 µM.


Assuntos
Cornus/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Glucosídeos Iridoides/química , Glucosídeos Iridoides/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
14.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(11): e1900421, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487435

RESUMO

Phytochemical study on the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. yielded two new iridoid glucosides, named cornusglucoside A (1) and cornusglucoside B (2). The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated via comprehensive NMR and HR-ESI-MS data analysis. Additionally, their inhibitory effects on IL-6-induced STAT3 activation were assessed.


Assuntos
Cornus/química , Frutas/química , Glucosídeos Iridoides/isolamento & purificação , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Glucosídeos Iridoides/química , Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Conformação Molecular , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 409, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068813

RESUMO

Corni fructus, the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc., has been used as a tonic for the kidney in China for thousands of years. Loganin is one of the major constituents derived from Corni fructus. In this study, we revealed the sedative and hypnotic activity of loganin and investigated its mechanisms for the first time. Pentobarbital-induced sleep test and insomnia mice models [induced by caffeine and p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA)] were used for the assessment of sedative and hypnotic effects of loganin. It was found that loganin (20-50 mg/kg) exerted sedative effect in normal mice. Loganin exhibited hypnotic effect by increasing sleep onset and sleep duration in pentobarbital-treated mice, recovering PCPA-induced insomnia and exerting synergistic hypnosis effect with 5-HTP. In addition, electroencephalograph (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) recordings of rats showed that loganin (35 mg/kg) prolonged the ratio of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and shortened wakefulness significantly, further immunohistochemistry showed that loganin (35 mg/kg) increased c-Fos expression in GABAergic neurons of rats in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO). The levels of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite were measured in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and striatum of mice, 1 h after loganin (35 mg/kg) treatment. 5-HT, 5-HIAA/5-HT, DA, and DOPAC were decreased significantly in the prefrontal cortex. In conclusion, these results indicated that loganin produced beneficial sedative and hypnotic activity, which might be mainly mediated by modification of the serotonergic system and GABAergic neurons.

16.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(4): e1900004, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784185

RESUMO

Three new withanolides (1-3), named as daturanolide A-C, along with six known withanolides (4-9) were isolated from the flowers of Datura metel L. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by a series of spectroscopic methods, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analyses, and X-ray crystallography. All the isolates were evaluated for cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines (HCT116, U87-MG, NCI-H460, BGC823, and HepG2), and 6 exhibited marked cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Datura metel/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Flores/química , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(10): 2721-2724, 2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775763

RESUMO

Fischeriana A (1), a new meroterpenoid with a rare carbon skeleton, along with one of its known biosynthesis-related compounds 2,4-dihydroxy-6-methoxyacetophenone (2) and two known ent-abietane-type diterpenoids (3-4), were isolated from the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana. Their structures, including the stereochemistry, were elucidated using comprehensive spectroscopic methods, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and electronic circular dichroism analysis. Compound 1 was found to be made up of an unusual heptacyclic ring system (6/6/5/5/5/6/6) featuring a modified ent-abietane diterpene with a phloroglucinol moiety. A possible biogenetic pathway for 1 was proposed. Compound 1 exhibited marked anti-tumor activities against the HepG2 cell line.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Euphorbia/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos
18.
Bioorg Chem ; 82: 1-5, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267969

RESUMO

Five novel and rare cadinane-type sesquiterpene glycosides, cornucadinoside A-E (1-5) were isolated from water extract of the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zuuc.. The new chemical structures, together with their absolute configurations, were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, including a comparison of their experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Their structures, which possess a naphthalene skeleton, are the first report on the occurrence of cadinane sesquiterpene glycosides in Cornus. Additionally, all the compounds exhibited marked α-glucosidase inhibitory activity except for 3in vitro.


Assuntos
Cornus/química , Frutas/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeos/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Naftalenos/química , Naftalenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(21): 4264-4266, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583627

RESUMO

To investigate the chemical compounds from the ripe fruit of Cornus officinalis, a new phenylpropanoid glycoside 1-O-(6'-O-p-hydroxybenzoyl-ß-D-glucopyranosyl)-p-phenylpropanol, named cornuphenylpropanoid A (1), were separated and purified by D101 macroporous resin, silica gel and ODS column chromatography. Its structure was extensively determined on basis of ¹H-NMR, ¹³C-NMR, DEPT, HSQC, HMBC and HR-ESI-MS spectroscopic data.


Assuntos
Cornus/química , Frutas/química , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(8): 1649-1653, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29751712

RESUMO

To investigate the chemical compounds from the rhizome of Stellera chamaejasme, nine lignans, including stellerachamin A (1), 8-hydroxypluviatolide (2), wikstromol (3), pinoresinol (4), matairesinol (5), dextrobursehernin (6), hinokinin(7), (-)-glaberide I (8) and (-) medioresinol (9) were isolated by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were extensively determined on basis of MS and NMR spectroscopic data analysis. Among them, compound 1 was a new lignan, and compounds 2 and 7 were isolated from Thymelaeaceae for the first time.


Assuntos
Thymelaeaceae , Lignanas , Estrutura Molecular , Rizoma
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