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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115631, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887916

RESUMO

Nano-fibrillated celluloses (NFCs) were separated from bleached softwood kraft pulp. Through the periodate oxidation method, 2,3-dialdehyde nano-fibrillated celluloses (DNFCs) with varied aldehyde content were prepared. The high aldehyde content, large specific surface area and high surface charge density of DNFCs benefited the adsorbing of Cu (II). The adsorption kinetics and isotherms presented good correlations with the Pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich model, respectively. Both physical and chemical adsorptions existed in the Cu (II) adsorption by DNFCs, while chemisorption was the rate-limiting step. The adsorption thermodynamic parameters Gibbs free energy change (ΔG), enthalpy change (ΔH) and entropy change (ΔS) were also investigated. This study provides theoretical support for applying DNFCs to remove metal ions from aqueous solutions.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915758

RESUMO

The direct photocatalyzed para-selective CAr-H difluoroalkylation of aromatic aldehyde derivatives has been accomplished using a newly explored catalytic system. In addition, when using para-substituted benzaldehydes as substrates, ortho-selective CAr-H difluoroalkylation was also accomplished. It is worth noting that all the above site-selectivity is opposite to traditional Friedel-Crafts reactions of aromatic aldehydes. The preliminary mechanistic investigations indicate that an electrophilic difluoroalkyl radical is involved in the catalytic cycle.

3.
Biomarkers ; : 1-24, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916460

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated the diagnostic value of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) to distinguish malignant mesothelioma (MM) from reactive mesothelial cells (RMC), but the results are inconsistent. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of GLUT-1 in distinguishing MM from RMC.Methods: A systematical search was conducted until May 2019 in PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. The revised tool for the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS2) was used to assess the quality of the eligible studies. The Stata15 and Review Manager5.3 software programs were used to perform the meta-analysis.Results: A total of 24 studies, including 969 MM patients and 1080 RMC individuals were explored in the meta-analysis. The summary assessments revealed that the pooled sensitivity was 0.73 (95% CI, 0.62-0.81) and the pooled specificity was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.91-0.98). The area under the summary ROC curve (AUC) was 0.93 (95% CI: 0.91-0.95).Conclusions: GLUT-1 is highly accurate to distinguish malignant mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial cells.

4.
J Proteomics ; 213: 103614, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846764

RESUMO

Lysine methylation is a widespread protein post-translational modification showing essentialities in versatile cellular process. EZH2, a methyltransferase specifically trimethylates the lysine 27 of histone H3 and its aberrance in several cancers promotes the development of its inhibitors against hematological tumors. In this study, we presented a deep exploration of lysine mono-, di- and trimethylomes in EZH2 wild-type and Y641 mutant lymphoma cell lines. Our results showed that several substrates were modified in different methylation levels. Moreover, these methylated lysine residues could also undergo other types of PTMs. Combined with the differences proved in protein expression, lysine acetylation, lysine ubiquitylation and protein N-termianl acetylation level, our study underlined the substrate specificity of lysine methylation and its crosstalk with other types of PTMs. Totally, our study raised new insights into the global cellular methylation features in hematological cell lines, which provided further inspects into the distribution and function of lysine methylation. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study showed the global landscape of mono-, di- and trimethylomes in the EZH2-aberrant DLBCL cell lines, revealing the molecular characteristics of lysine methylation. Combined with the protein abundance and potential crosstalk among different types of PTMs, our study raised new insights into the global cellular methylation features in hematological tumors and provided further inspects into the distribution and function of lysine methylation.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 6(23): 1901991, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832324

RESUMO

Few-layer black phosphorus (FL-BP) has been intensively studied due to its attractive properties and great potential in electronic and optoelectronic applications. However, the intrinsic instability of FL-BP greatly limits its practical application. In this study, the amphiphobic FL-BP is achieved by functionalization of 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyltrichlorosilane (PFDTS) on the surface of FL-BP. The obtained PFDTS coated FL-BP (FL-BP/PFDTS) demonstrates enhanced stability, which is not observed during significant degradation for 2 months in high moisture content environment (95% humidity). Particularly, attributing to the surface amphiphobicity, FL-BP/PFDTS exhibits strong surface water repellency in the presence of oleic acid (as the contaminant), while other passivation coating layers (such as hydrophilic or hydrophobic coating) become hydrophilicity under such conditions. Owing to this advantage, the obtained FL-BP/PFDTS demonstrates enhanced stability in high moisture content environment for 2 months, even though the surface is contaminated by oil liquid or other organic solvents (such as oleic acid, CH2Cl2, and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone). The passivation of FL-BP by amphiphobic coating provides an effective approach for FL-BP stabilization toward future applications.

6.
Org Lett ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833772

RESUMO

An NHC-catalyzed cascade cycloaddition reaction is developed for quick access to structurally sophisticated tetrahydrochromeno[4,3-b]pyrrole derivatives. A sterically congested tetrasubstituted chirality carbon center is formed during the cyclization process. All the α-, ß-, and carbonyl carbons of the enal substrates are functionalized in chemo- and stereoselective fashion. The multicyclic chromeno[4,3-b]pyrrole products are generally afforded in good yields with excellent enantio- and diastereoselectivities. Heavily substituted pyrroline derivatives can be afforded from the chiral products through simple protocols.

7.
Exp Cell Res ; : 111774, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lncRNA NKILA has been reported to interact with NF-κB and has an important role in various human diseases. However, the role of NKILA in myocardial ischaemic injury is still unknown. METHODS: We established cell and animal models of myocardial ischaemic injury. We confirmed our findings by overexpressing NKILA, silencing myocardin and using an NF-κB pathway inhibitor in a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model of H9c2 cells. An animal model of ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was established by LAD ligation. Overexpression of NKILA was achieved by adeno-associated virus (AAV) injection through the tail vein. Annexin-V/PI staining and flow cytometric analysis were performed to test cell apoptosis. ELISAs were used to determine the secretion of inflammatory factors. TTC, HE and TUNEL staining were performed to study myocardial pathological injury. qRT-PCR or Western blotting were used to test the expression levels of NKILA, myocardin, the NF-κB pathway and apoptosis-related proteins. RESULTS: H/R and I/R treatment significantly suppressed the expression of NKILA and activated the NF-κB pathway, resulting in the loss of myocardin. Overexpressing NKILA led to the suppression of the NF-κB pathway and successfully prevented the cell apoptosis and inflammatory responses caused by H/R stimulation in H9c2 cells. Silencing myocardin reversed the protective effect of NKILA and led to severe injury in the H9c2 cells that underwent H/R. Furthermore, the NF-κB pathway inhibitor BAY11-7028 reduced the H/R injury in H9c2 cells with little effect on NKILA expression. Similar results were confirmed in an animal model of myocardial I/R injury and showed that overexpression of NKILA inhibited I/R-triggered myocardial injury in vivo. CONCLUSION: NKILA enhanced the expression of myocardin via inhibiting the NF-κB signalling pathway and preventing cell apoptosis and the inflammatory response of cardiomyocytes, thus ameliorating myocardial I/R injury.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121680, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818657

RESUMO

The effects of an on-site biomass (rice straw) equivalent biochar-returning strategy (RSC) on rice yield, soil nutrients and bacterial community composition were examined in a four-year field trial (2013-2016) conducted in a paddy field in south China. Three treatments were set up including annual on-site biomass return (RS, rice straw at 8 t ha-1 yr-1), annual on-site biomass equivalent biochar-return (RSC, rice straw biochar at 2.8 t ha-1 yr-1 with a 35 % carbonization rate) and control (CK, no rice straw or biochar added). Results showed that a low rate of biochar application (RSC) could significantly increase rice yield in four successive years. The increase in rice yield was mainly attributed to the increase in soil potassium and magnesium contents resulting from the presence of the unique surface functional groups of biochar. As a result of biochar amendment, soil bacterial cooperative relationships were improved in the RSC, compared to those in the RS treatment. Our study indicated that RSC might be promoted as a promising strategy to enhance rice productivity and soil fertility in a sustainable way.

9.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 10477-10486, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819528

RESUMO

Objective: Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are thought to be involved in the cisplatin resistance of tumors. This study was designed to investigate the effect of PRDX6 on CSCs present in cisplatin-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors. Materials and methods: CD133+/ABCG2+ H1299 CSCs and A549 CSCs were isolated. The IC50 values for cisplatin in treatment of CSCs were detected using the CCK8 assay. Then the isolated cells were identified using CD133. Wnt/ß-catenin expression was evaluated by Western blot assays. Specimens of tumor and adjacent para-carcinoma tissue were collected from 30 NSCLC patients and examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC), qRT-PCR, and Western blotting to determine and compare their levels of PRDX6 and CD133 expression. Finally, siRNA-mediated silencing of PRDX6 was employed with both types of CSCs to determine the impact of PRDX6 on CD133 enrichment by flow cytometry, cell viability, and sphere formation ability. Results: High levels of PRDX6 and CD133 expression were detected in samples of tumor tissue from NSCLC patients, and expression of PRDX6 and CD13 presented a positive relationship. Increasing levels of cisplatin resistance and upregulated levels of PRDX6, ABCG2, Wnt, and ß-catenin expression were detected in CD133+/ABCG2+ H1299 and A549 CSCs. Transfection with siRNA targeting PRDX6 changed these cellular characteristics by decreasing the levels of PRDX6, ABCG2, Wnt, and ß-catenin expression. We further demonstrated that exogenous silencing of PRDX6 effectively inhibited the sphere formation ability of CSCs and re-sensitized them to cisplatin. Conclusion: Our results strongly suggest that PRDX6 promotes cisplatin resistance in human lung cancer cells by promoting the stem-like properties of cancer cells. Our findings also suggest PRDX6 as a target for treating cisplatin resistant NSCLC.

10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 10579-10585, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819537

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to determine the efficacy and tolerability of apatinib plus dose-dense temozolomide (TMZ) as first-line treatment for recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM). Methods: Patients with rGBM were enrolled in this study. Patients were subjected to concurrent treatment of apatinib (500 mg qd) and dose-dense TMZ (100 mg/m2, 7 days on with 7 days off) until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Efficacy was evaluated using Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria for high-grade glioma. Safety was assessed using NCI-CTCAE 4.0. Survival was estimated with Kaplan-Meier curve and log rank test. Results: From March 2016 to January 2018, 20 eligible patients who had relapsed from the standard chemoradiotherapy regimen (TMZ and radiotherapy) were enrolled in this study. The median follow-up time was 12 months. All patients were eligible for efficacy analysis. The objective response rate (ORR) was 45%. The disease control rate (DCR) was 90%. The median progress-free survival time was 6 months (95% CI, 5.3 to 7.8 months). The 6-month progression-free survival rate was 50%. The median overall survival was 9 months (95% CI, 8.2 to 12.2 months). The most common treatment-related adverse events were hypertension (21%), hand-foot syndrome (16%), leukopenia (14%), and thrombocytopenia (12%). Conclusion: Apatinib combined with dose-dense TMZ was effective in terms of PFS, ORR, and DCR and was well tolerated after appropriate dose reduction in the Chinese population tested. Further randomized controlled clinical studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of apatinib combined with TMZ for treatment of rGBM.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820069

RESUMO

Polycyclic tetramate macrolactams (PTMs) are a widely distributed class of structurally complex natural products, and most of them exhibit multiple biological activities. However, the transcriptional regulators (TRs) involved in the regulation of PTM production have seldom been reported. Here, we identified three TRs, i.e., Sxim_22880, CvnABCSx, and WblASx, and revealed their positive roles in the regulation of PTM biosynthesis in mangrove-derived Streptomyces xiamenensis 318. This strain produces a considerable amount of PTMs at 30 °C, but the production of PTMs is mostly blocked at 37 °C. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis confirmed that the transcriptions of PTM biosynthetic genes were downregulated. We determined that the transcriptions of several putative TRs, i.e., WblASx, Sxim_22880, and CvnCSx, were significantly downregulated under such heat-shock conditions. We showed that the transcription of PTM biosynthetic genes and the production of PTMs could be restored at 37 °C if the impaired transcriptions of wblASx, sxim_22880, and cvnABCSx were restored. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that none of these TRs could bind to the promoter region of the PTM gene cluster, suggesting their indirect but positive involvement in the regulation on PTM production. Moreover, concurrent overexpression of the three TRs in S. xiamenensis 318 resulted in a 242.5% increase in PTM production when the strain was cultured at 30 °C. Furthermore, overexpression of these three TRs in Streptomyces sp. FR-008 and S. albus J1074 stimulated the production of new secondary metabolites, indicating that these conserved TRs could be used to activate cryptic secondary metabolite gene clusters in Streptomyces.

12.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111941, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821989

RESUMO

Threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) is a key member of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) family that plays essential roles in protein biosynthesis, and ThrRS inhibitors have potential in the therapy of multiple diseases, such as microbial infections and cancers. Based on a unique tRNA-amino acid dual-site inhibitory mechanism identified recently with the herb-derived prolyl-tRNA synthetase (ProRS) inhibitor halofuginone (HF), a series of compounds have been designed and synthesized by employing a fragment-based target hopping approach to simultaneously target the tRNAThr and l-threonine binding pockets of ThrRS. Among them, compound 30d showed an IC50 value of 1.4 µM against Salmonella enterica ThrRS (SeThrRS) and MIC values of 16-32 µg/mL against the tested bacterial strains. The cocrystal structure of SeThrRS in complex with 30d was determined at high resolution, revealing that 30d simultaneously occupies both binding pockets for the nucleotide A76 of tRNAThr and l-threonine in an ATP-independent manner, a novel mechanism compared to all other reported ThrRS inhibitors. Our study provides a new class of ThrRS inhibitors, and more importantly, it presents the first experimental evidence that the tRNA-amino acid dual-site inhibitory mechanism could apply to other aaRSs beyond ProRS, thus providing great opportunities for designing new mechanistic inhibitors for aaRS-based therapeutics.

13.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825611

RESUMO

Synthesis planning is the process of recursively decomposing target molecules into available precursors. Computer-aided retrosynthesis can potentially assist chemists in designing synthetic routes, but at present it is cumbersome and can't provide results of satisfactory qualities. In this study, we have developed a template-free self-corrected retrosynthesis predictor (SCROP) to predict retrosynthesis by using Transformer neural networks. In the method, the retrosynthesis planning was converted to a machine translation problem from the products to molecular linear notations of reactants. By coupling with a neural network-based syntax corrector, our method achieved an accuracy of 59.0% on a standard benchmark dataset, which outperformed >21% over other deep learning methods and >6% over template-based methods. More importantly, our method was 1.7 times more accurate than other state-of-the-art methods for compounds not appearing in the training set.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8756563, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828141

RESUMO

Background: By weekly monitoring of China's influenza situation, Chinese National Influenza Center observed that the 2017-18 season was predominated by influenza B virus (IBV)/Yamagata. No studies regarding hospitalizations in adults with IBV infections have been performed. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with IBV infection in northern China. Methods: In this multicenter and retrospective study, we reviewed all consecutive adult patients with confirmed IBV infections at two level A tertiary teaching hospitals in northern China during the 2017-18 influenza season. Patients' clinical and diagnostic findings, as well as administered treatments and mortality data, were analyzed. Results: A total of 573 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of IBV infection were identified, of whom 22 cases were analyzed because of IBV-related hospitalization. Most patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and had at least one underlying disease. The total in-hospital mortality was 27.3%. An elevated initial pneumonia severity index score, elevated direct bilirubin values, and lower platelet levels were associated with mortality (p=0.020, 0.013, and 0.049, respectively). The quick development of bilateral diffuse alveolar infiltrates was the most common imaging characteristics, following consolidation and pleural effusion(s). Risk factors such as HIV infection, pregnancy, underlying medical conditions, coinfections, and treatment delays were not associated with mortality. Conclusions: IBV should not be neglected because of its significant mortality. The elderly and patients with comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, and connective tissue diseases, are more likely to have severe IBV-related pneumonia. Higher heart rates, direct bilirubin levels, initial PSI scores, and lower platelet levels are correlated with hospital mortality. Increased uptake in tetravalent influenza vaccine should be very helpful in preventing future cases of IBV hospitalizations.

15.
Regen Med ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829095

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the efficacy and safety of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCINJ) in combination with intensive atorvastatin (ATV) treatment for patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction-elevation myocardial infarction. Patients & methods: The trial enrolls a total of 100 patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The subjects are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive routine ATV (20 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ and intensive ATV (80 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ. The primary end point is the absolute change of left ventricular ejection fraction within 12 months. The secondary end points include parameters in cardiac function, remodeling and regeneration, quality of life, biomarkers and clinical outcomes. Results & conclusion: The trial will implicate the essential of cardiac micro-environment improvement ('fertilizing') for cell-based therapy. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03047772.

16.
Bioorg Chem ; : 103453, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787342

RESUMO

Compounds 1-11 were isolated from the aerial parts of Flueggea acicularis Croizz Webster, including three new rearranged clesistanthane diterpenoids fluacinoids A-C (1-3) and five new norditerpenoid fluacinoids D-H (4-8). The new compounds were identified from spectroscopic data combined with single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, modified Mosher's methods, and ECD data analyses. All the isolated compounds were evaluated for their activities on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in bone marrow monocytes (BMMs). Compound 6 showed the most potent inhibition against osteoclast differentiation (IC50, 0.7 µM) and decreased the expression level of osteoclast-related genes. Moreover, compound 6 prompted the apoptosis of osteoclasts. Compound 6 also suppressed RANKL-induced NF-κB activation. This study reveals that norditerpenoids may be resource for anti-osteoporosis agents.

17.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789407

RESUMO

Rearrangement of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL; also known as lysine methyltransferase 2A) gene is a recurrent genomic aberration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). MLLT3, super elongation complex subunit (AF9) is one of the most common MLL fusion partners in AML. The present study aimed to explore the aberrant expression of genes associated with the MLL­AF9 translocation and identified potential new targets for the therapy of AML with MLL­AF9 translocation. The transcriptomic and epigenetic datasets were downloaded from National Center of Biotechnology Information Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed genes were obtained from two independent datasets (GSE68643 and GSE73457). Gene Ontology biological process and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. MLL­AF9­associated chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP­Seq) data was analyzed and identified binding sites for MLL­AF9 and wild type MLL (MLL WT). The ChIP­Seq of histone modification data was downloaded from the GEO database, including histone 3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3), histone 3 lysine 79 dimethylation (H3K79me2) and histone 3 lysine 27 acetylation (H3K27ac), was used for comparing histone modification marks between the MLL­AF9 leukemia cells and normal hematopoietic cells at MLL­AF9 and MLL WT binding sites. The differentially expressed genes with the same trend in H3K79me2, H3K27ac and H3K4me3 alteration were identified as potential MLL­AF9 direct target genes. Upon validation using RNA­Seq data from the Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments AML project, eight potential direct target genes of MLL­AF9 were identified and further confirmed in MLL­AF9 mouse model using reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction. These genes may have a critical role in AML with MLL­AF9 translocation.

18.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790198

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) layered semiconductors have recently emerged as attractive building blocks for next-generation low-power nonvolatile memories. However, challenges remain in the controllable fabrication of bipolar resistive switching circuit components from these materials. Here, the experimental realization of lateral memtransistors from monolayer single-crystal molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) utilizing a focused helium ion beam is reported. Site-specific irradiation with the focused probe of a helium ion microscope creates a nanometer-scale defect-rich region, bisecting the MoS2 lattice. The reversible drift of these defects in the applied electric field modulates the resistance of the channel, enabling versatile memristive functionality. The device can reliably retain its resistance ratios and set/reset biases for 1180 switching cycles. Long-term potentiation and depression with sharp habituation are demonstrated. This work establishes the feasibility of ion irradiation for controllable fabrication of 2D memristive devices with promising key performance parameters, such as low power consumption. The applicability of these devices for synaptic emulation may address the demands of future neuromorphic architectures.

19.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e1901342, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794161

RESUMO

Implanted pacemakers are usually bulky and rigid electronics that are constraint by limited battery lifetimes, and need to be installed and repaired via surgeries that risk secondary infection and injury. In this work, a flexible self-powered photoelectric cardiac stimulator is demonstrated based on hydrogenated amorphous Si (a-Si:H) radial p-i-n junctions (RJs), constructed upon standing Si nanowires grown directly on aluminum thin foils. The flexible RJ stimulators, with an open-circuit voltage of 0.67 V and short-circuit current density of 12.7 mA cm-2 under standard AM1.5G illumination, can be conformally attached to the uneven tissue surface to pace heart-beating under modulated 650 nm laser illumination. In vivo pacing evaluations on porcine hearts show that the heart rate can be effectively controlled by the external photoelectric stimulations, to increase from the normal rate of 101-128 beating min-1 . Importantly, the a-Si:H RJ units are highly biofriendly and biodegradable, with tunable lifetimes in phosphate-buffered saline environment controlled by surface coating and passivation, catering to the needs of short term or lasting cardiac pacing applications. This implantable a-Si:H RJ photoelectric stimulation strategy has the potential to establish eventually a self-powered, biocompatible, and conformable cardiac pacing technology for clinical therapy.

20.
Cancer Invest ; : 1-12, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797701

RESUMO

Purpose: The function of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) in breast cancer metastasis remains largely unknown. In this work, the role of HOXC-AS3 in breast cancer progression was investigated.Methods: By using Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Database, we investigated the expression of HOXC-AS3 in breast cancer and explored the association between HOXC-AS3 expression and prognosis. Then, we studied the biological function of HOXC-AS3 in cell migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the target miRNA of HOXC-AS3, and the target mRNA of miR-3922-5p were proved.Results: HOXC-AS3 is aberrantly overexpressed in breast cancers especially the HER2+ type. Moreover, high expression of HOXC-AS3 has a relationship with poor clinical outcomes of breast cancer. In addition, HOXC-AS3 regulates cell Invasion and migration both in vitro and in vivo. Our results demonstrated that miR-3922-5p was a direct target of HOXC-AS3, and PPP1R1A was a target of miR-3922-5p in breast cancer.Conclusions: The novel lncRNA HOXC-AS3 acts as a miR-3922-5p sponge to upregulate PPP1R1A protein expression, and thus results in promoting breast cancer metastasis. HOXC-AS3 could be a novel therapeutic target for breast cancer therapeutics.

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