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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533784

RESUMO

An efficient method to construct enantioenriched spiro[benzofuro-cyclopenta[1,2-b]indole-indoline] scaffolds via consecutive cyclization is described here. The new scaffolds possess five successive chiral stereogenic centers and two spiroheterocycles. A range of highly enantioenriched scaffolds has been obtained with up to 93% yield, 99% ee and >19 : 1 d.r. catalyzed by Brønsted acid catalysts.

2.
Methods ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588028

RESUMO

Covalently closed circular RNAs (circRNAs) produced by back-splicing of exon(s) are co-expressed with their cognate linear RNAs from the same gene loci. Most circRNAs are fully overlapped with their cognate linear RNAs in sequences except the back-spliced junction (BSJ) site, thus challenging the computational detection, experimental validation and hence functional evaluation of circRNAs. Nevertheless, specific bioinformatic pipelines were developed to identify fragments mapped to circRNA-featured BSJ sites, and circRNAs were pervasively identified from non-polyadenylated RNA-seq datasets in different cell lines/tissues and across species. Precise identification and quantification of circRNAs provide a basis to further understand their functions. Here, we describe detailed computational steps to annotate and quantify circRNAs using a series of CIRCexplorer pipelines.

3.
Plant Physiol ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576790

RESUMO

Protein phosphorylation is a common post-translational modification that frequently occurs during plant-virus interaction. Host protein kinases often regulate virus infectivity and pathogenicity by phosphorylating viral proteins. The Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV) γb protein plays versatile roles in virus infection and the coevolutionary arms race between plant defense and viral counter-defense. Here, we identified that the autophosphorylated cytosolic serine/threonine/tyrosine (STY) protein kinase 46 of Nicotiana benthamiana (NbSTY46) phosphorylates and directly interacts with the basic motif domain (aa 19-47) of γb in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of wild-type NbSTY46, either transiently or transgenically, suppresses BSMV replication and ameliorates viral symptoms, whereas silencing of NbSTY46 leads to increased viral replication and exacerbated symptom. Moreover, the antiviral role of NbSTY46 requires its kinase activity, as the NbSTY46T436A mutant, lacking kinase activity, not only loses the ability to phosphorylate and interact with γb but also fails to impair BSMV infection when expressed in plants. NbSTY46 could also inhibit the replication of Lychnis ringspot virus, another chloroplast-replicating hordeivirus. In summary, we report a function of the cytosolic kinase STY46 in defending against plant viral infection by phosphorylating a viral protein in addition to its basal function in plant growth, development, and abiotic stress responses.

4.
Biomacromolecules ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577294

RESUMO

Noncovalent cross-linked hydrogels with promising mechanical properties are on demand for applications in tissue engineering, flexible electronics, and actuators. However, integrating excellent mechanical properties with facile preparation for the design of hydrogen bond cross-linked hydrogels is still challenging. In this work, an advanced hydrogel was prepared from acrylamide and N-acryloyl phenylalanine by one-pot free-radical copolymerization. Owing to hydrophobicity-assisted multiple hydrogen bonding interactions among phenylalanine derivatives, the hydrogels exhibited fascinating mechanical behaviors: tensile strength of 0.35 MPa, elongation at break of 2100%, tearing energy of 1134 J/m2, and compression strength of 3.56 MPa. The hydrogels also showed robust elasticity and fatigue resistance, and the compression strength did not show any decline, even after 100 successive cycles, as well as promising self-recovery property. In addition, the cytotoxicity test in vitro proved that the hydrogel showed good biocompatibility with normal human liver cells (LO2 cells). The excellent stretchability, robust elasticity, high toughness, fatigue resistance, and biocompatibility of the hydrogel demonstrated its vast potential in the biomedical field and flexible electronic devices.

5.
Eur Urol ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether AR-V7 expression can predict the response in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) who receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of AR-V7 expression in the prognosis of mHSPC patients receiving ADT. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this multicenter prospective cohort study, 310 mHSPC patients commencing ADT were enrolled. Standard immunohistochemical staining was used to assess AR-V7 protein expression in biopsy tissues collected before initiation of ADT. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Kaplan-Meier survival estimates and Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate associations of AR-V7 status (positive vs negative) with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Sixty-four (21%) patients were AR-V7-positive and 246 (79%) patients were AR-V7-negative. The median follow-up for patients not confirmed dead was 25 mo (interquartile range 10-30). Compared to AR-V7-negative patients, AR-V7-positive patients had significantly shorter PFS (hazard ratio [HR] 47.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 25.83-86.94) and OS (HR 3.57, 95% CI 1.46-8.72). In multivariable analysis, AR-V7 was an independent predictive factor (HR 7.61, 95% CI 5.24-11.06) for shorter PFS. Limitations include the sample size and follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: AR-V7 expression in primary cancer tissue is correlated with poor prognosis for mHSPC patients receiving ADT. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this study of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, AR-V7 protein expression in primary cancer tissue was associated with poor outcomes on androgen deprivation therapy.

6.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580425

RESUMO

Alternative splicing of eukaryotic precursor (messenger) RNAs in the nucleus not only increases transcriptomic complexity, but also expands proteomic and functional diversity. In addition to basic types of alternative splicing, recent transcriptome-wide analyses have also suggested other new types of non-canonical splicing, such as back splicing and recursive splicing, and their widespread expression across species Increasing lines of evidence have suggested mechanisms for back splicing, including insights from analyses of nascent RNA sequencing. In this review, we discuss our current understanding of back splicing regulation, and highlight its distinct characteristics in processing during nascent RNA synthesis by taking advantage of metabolic tagging nascent RNA sequencing. Features of recursive splicing are also discussed in the perspective of nascent RNA sequencing.

7.
Bioresour Technol ; 326: 124781, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540215

RESUMO

Poor processing stability has been cited as the fatal shortcoming of the up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating starch wastewater (SW). In this study, the SW treatment performance in a one-stage UASB reactor and a pre-acidification equipped UASB process were evaluated together with the microbial dynamics. The results revealed that the pre-acidification provided improvements in terms of the substrate utilization diversity and the stability of the microbial community structure on the UASB reactor. Anaerolineaceae/Methanosaeta was the core functional microbiota in the pre-acidification equipped UASB reactor, indicated the superior abilities on the acetogenic methanogenesis of granules. The genus of Methanobacterium, a hydrogenotrophic methanogen was dominant in the archaeal community in the one-stage UASB reactor. The granules performed very strong hydrogen affinity in methane production, a small amount of propionate was detected in the effluent. These were abnormal, which suggested the high hydrogen turn-over rate in the one-stage UASB reactor.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Metano , Amido , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 175: 351-360, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556400

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of joint disease. The aim of this study was to explore the functions of SIRT3 on OA pathophysiology and the mechanism involved. Rat chondrocytes and destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) rat OA model were used as in vitro and in vivo models. In addition, lentivirus and plasmid were used to overexpress SIRT3, while siRNA was applied to establish SIRT3 knockdown. IL-1ß induced inflammation, apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and chondrocyte degeneration were inhibited by SIRT3 overexpression, which were enhanced in SIRT3-knockdown rat chondrocytes. Furthermore, overexpression of SIRT3 could restore IL-1ß-induced autophagy inhibition. We also found that IL-1ß-induced PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway activation was inhibited by SIRT3 overexpression, which was enhanced by SIRT3 knockdown. Last, intra-articular SIRT3 overexpression alleviated the severity of OA-induced rat joint damage. Our results demonstrated that SIRT3 is an important protective agent against OA pathophysiology via inhibiting PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling.

9.
Trials ; 22(1): 69, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness among the older people aged 50 and over. Although anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapies have resulted in improving patient outcomes, there are limitations associated with these treatments. In China, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat eye diseases for more than 2000 years. Previous studies have shown that TCM may be beneficial for nAMD patients. However, explicit evidence has not been obtained. The purpose of the present trial is to examine the efficacy and safety of the Mingjing granule, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, for nAMD patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of Mingjing granule as an add-on to intravitreous ranibizumab for nAMD. One hundred eighty nAMD patients from six hospitals in China will be enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and randomly allocated into two groups, 90 in each. All participants will receive a 24-week treatment and then be followed up for another 24 weeks. The primary outcome is the mean change of best-corrected visual acuity at week 24 and 48 as compared to the baseline. The secondary outcomes include mean change in central retinal thickness, area of retinal hemorrhage and exudation, and TCM syndrome score, mean number of intravitreal ranibizumab injection, and total cost of the treatment. Indexes of safety include blood regular test, urine regular test, liver function test, renal function test, and electrocardiogram from baseline to weeks 24 and 48. Qualitative control and some standard operating processes will be formed throughout the trial. Any ocular or systemic adverse events will be treated suitably, and related data will be recorded accurately and completely in the case report form. DISCUSSION: Based on previous empirical and animal laboratory studies, this study will address the question of whether Mingjing granule could contribute to improving efficacy, safety, and efficiency with need for fewer intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF, improving compliance and visual outcomes in the management of persons with nAMD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( http://www.chictr.org.cn ), ChiCTR2000035990 . Registered on 21 August 2020.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496575

RESUMO

Ultrathin transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) are emerging candidates for next-generation transparent electronics. Indium oxide (In2O3) incorporated with post-transition-metal ions (e.g., Sn) has been widely studied due to their excellent optical transparency and electrical conductivity. However, their electron transport properties are deteriorated at the ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) morphology compared to that of intrinsic In2O3. Here, we explore the domain of transition-metal dopants in ultrathin In2O3 with the thicknesses down to the single-unit-cell limit, which is realized in a large area using a low-temperature liquid metal printing technique. Zn dopant is selected as a representative to incorporate into the In2O3 rhombohedral crystal framework, which results in the gradual transition of the host to quasimetallic. While the optical transmittance is maintained above 98%, an electron field-effect mobility of up to 87 cm2 V-1 s-1 and a considerable sub-kΩ-1 cm-1 ranged electrical conductivity are achieved when the Zn doping level is optimized, which are in a combination significantly improved compared to those of reported ultrathin TCOs. This work presents various opportunities for developing high-performance flexible transparent electronics based on emerging ultrathin TCO candidates.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432938

RESUMO

A partially amorphous palladium sulfide was synthesized by sulfurizing crystalline palladium nanosheets facilely, which shows excellent activity and stability towards hydrogen evolution in alkaline media, even superior to the performance of the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The enhanced performance could be attributed to the amorphization transformation and the nanosheet morphology.

12.
Nat Mater ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462466

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) crystals are promising materials for developing future nano-enabled technologies1-6. The cleavage of weak, interlayer van der Waals bonds in layered bulk crystals enables the production of high-quality 2D, atomically thin monolayers7-10. Nonetheless, as earth-abundant compounds, metal oxides are rarely accessible as pure and fully stoichiometric monolayers owing to their ion-stabilized 'lamellar' bulk structure11-14. Here, we report the discovery of a layered planar hexagonal phase of oxides from elements across the transition metals, post-transition metals, lanthanides and metalloids, derived from strictly controlled oxidation at the metal-gas interface. The highly crystalline monolayers, without the support of ionic dopants or vacancies, can easily be mechanically exfoliated by stamping them onto substrates. Monolayer and few-layered hexagonal TiO2 are characterized as examples, showing p-type semiconducting properties with hole mobilities of up to 950 cm2 V-1 s-1 at room temperature. The strategy can be readily extended to a variety of elements, possibly expanding the exploration of metal oxides in the 2D quantum regime.

13.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 50(1): 3, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy, as an aerosol-generating procedure, is considered as a high-risk surgery for health care workers (HCWs) during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Current recommendations are to perform tracheostomy after a period of intubation of > 14 days, with two consecutive negative throat swab tests, to lower the risk of contamination to HCWs. However, specific data for this recommendation are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate viral shedding into the environment, including HCWs, associated with bedside tracheostomy in the intensive care unit. METHODS: Samples obtained from the medical environment immediately after tracheostomy, including those from 19 surfaces, two air samples at 10 and 50 cm from the surgical site, and from the personal protective equipment (PPE) of the surgeon and assistant, were tested for the presence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in eight cases of bedside tracheostomy. We evaluated the rate of positive tests from the different samples obtained. RESULTS: Positive samples were identified in only one of the eight cases. These were obtained for the air sample at 10 cm and from the bed handrail and urine bag. There were no positive test results from the PPE samples. The patient with positive samples had undergone early tracheostomy, at 9 days after intubation, due to a comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results indicate that delayed tracheostomy, after an extended period of endotracheal intubation, might be a considerably less contagious procedure than early tracheostomy (defined as < 14 days after intubation).


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Ar , Contaminação de Equipamentos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Traqueostomia , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Aerossóis , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 588: 305-314, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412351

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) nanocomposites are under the limelight due to their unique electronic, optical, and surface properties for various applications. Plasmonic MOFs enabled by noble metal nanostructures are an emerging class of MOF nanocomposites with efficient solar light-harvesting capability. However, major concerns such as poor photostability, sophisticated synthesis processes, and high fabrication cost are raised. Here, we develop a novel plasmonic MOF nanocomposite consisting of the ultra-thin degenerately doped molybdenum oxide core and the flexible iron MOF (FeMOF) shell through a hydrothermal growth, featuring low cost, facile synthesis, and non-toxicity. More importantly, the incorporation of plasmonic oxides in the highly porous MOF structure enhances the visible light absorbability, demonstrating improved photobleaching performances of various azo and non-azo dyes compared to that of pure FeMOF without the incorporation of oxidative agents. Furthermore, the nanocomposite exhibits enhanced sensitivity and selectivity towards NO2 gas at room temperature, attributed to the electron-rich surface of plasmonic oxides. This work possibly broadens the exploration of plasmonic MOF nanocomposites for practical and efficient solar energy harvesting, environmental remediation, and environmental monitoring applications.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497334

RESUMO

Style transfer on images has achieved significant advances in recent years, with the deep convolutional neural network (CNN). Directly applying image style transfer algorithms to each frame of a video independently often leads to flickering and unstable results. In this work, we present a self-supervised space-time convolutional neural network (CNN) based method for online video style transfer, named as VTNet, which is end-to-end trained from nearly unlimited unlabeled video data to produce temporally coherent stylized videos in real-time. Specifically, our VTNet transfer the style of a reference image to the source video frames, which is formed by the temporal prediction branch and the stylizing branch. The temporal prediction branch is used to capture discriminative spatiotemporal features for temporal consistency, pretrained in an adversarial manner from unlabeled video data. The stylizing branch is used to transfer the style image to a video frame with the guidance from the temporal prediction branch to ensure temporal consistency. To guide the training of VTNet, we introduce the style-coherence loss net (SCNet), which assembles the content loss, the style loss, and the new designed coherence loss. These losses are computed based on high-level features extracted from a pretrained VGG-16 network. The content loss is used to preserve high-level abstract contents of the input frames, and the style loss introduces new colors and patterns from the style image. Instead of using optical flow to explicitly redress the stylized video frames, we design the coherence loss to make the stylized video inherit the dynamics and motion patterns from the source video to remove temporal flickering. Extensive subjective and objective evaluations on various styles demonstrate that the proposed method achieves favorable results against the state-of-the-arts with high efficiency.

16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 213: 113192, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493829

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor-2 (VEGFR-2) plays a pivotal role in tumor angiogenesis. Herein, a library of novel 2-(4-(1H-indazol-6-yl)-1H-pyrazol -1-yl)acetamide derivatives were designed and synthesized as VEGFR-2 inhibitors based on scaffold hopping strategy. These compounds exhibited the excellent inhibitory in both VEGFR-2 and tumor cells proliferation. Especially, compound W13 possessed potent VEGFR-2 inhibition with IC50 = 1.6 nM and anti-proliferation against HGC-27 tumor cells with IC50 = 0.36 ± 0.11 µM, as well as less toxicity against normal GES-1 cells with IC50 = 187.46 ± 10.13 µM. Moreover, W13 obviously inhibited colony formation, migration and invasion of HGC-27 cells by adjusting the expression of MMP-9 and E-cadherin, and induced HGC-27 cells apoptosis by increasing ROS production and regulating the expression of apoptotic proteins. Furthermore, W13 blocked the PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling pathway in HGC-27 cells. In addition, anti-angiogenesis of W13 was proved by inhibiting tube formation and the expression of p-VEGFR-2 in HUVEC cells. All the results demonstrated that W13 could be developing as a promising anticancer agent for gastric cancer therapy.

17.
Neurorehabil Neural Repair ; 35(2): 145-157, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410385

RESUMO

Background. Little is known about the induction of functional and brain structural reorganization in hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) by constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). Objective. We aimed to explore the specific molecular mechanism of functional and structural plasticity related to CIMT in HCP. Methods. The mice were divided into a control group and HCP groups with different interventions (unconstraint-induced movement therapy [UNCIMT], CIMT or siRNA-Nogo-A [SN] treatment): the HCP, HCP+UNCIMT, HCP+CIMT, HCP+SN, and HCP+SN+CIMT groups. Rotarod and front-limb suspension tests, immunohistochemistry, Golgi-Cox staining, transmission electron microscopy, and Western blot analyses were applied to measure motor function, neurons and neurofilament density, dendrites/axon areas, myelin integrity, and Nogo-A/NgR/RhoA/ROCK expression in the motor cortex. Results. The mice in the HCP+CIMT group had better motor function, greater neurons and neurofilament density, dendrites/axon areas, myelin integrity, and lower Nogo-A/NgR/RhoA/ROCK expression in the motor cortex than the HCP and HCP+UNCIMT groups (P < .05). Moreover, the expression of Nogo-A/NgR/RhoA/ROCK, the improvement of neural remodeling and motor function of mice in the HCP+SN group were similar to those in the HCP+CIMT group (P > .05). The neural remodeling and motor function of the HCP+SN+CIMT group were significantly greater than those in the HCP+SN and HCP+CIMT groups (P < .05). Motor function were positively correlated with the density of neurons (r = 0.450 and 0.309, respectively; P < .05) and neurofilament (r = 0.717 and 0.567, respectively; P < .05). Conclusions. CIMT might promote the remodeling of neurons, neurofilament, dendrites/axon areas, and myelin in the motor cortex by partially inhibiting the Nogo-A/NgR/RhoA/ROCK pathway, thereby promoting the improvement of motor function in HCP mice.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415526

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The application of laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for resectable gastric cancer (GC) remains controversial compared with open total gastrectomy (OTG), especially for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients according to the inconsistent results demonstrated in the previous studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes between LATG and OTG in a population with more than 80% AGC patients by applying propensity score matching (PSM) method. METHODS: The data of 365 clinical stage I-III GC cases who underwent total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy were retrospectively collected from January 2011 to April 2018 in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery IV of Peking University Cancer Hospital. Propensity scores were generated through taking all covariates into consideration and 131 pairs of patients receiving either LATG or OTG were matched. Intraoperative, postoperative, and survival parameters were compared in the matched groups accordingly. Risk factors for postoperative complications and overall survival were further analyzed. RESULTS: Patient characteristics in the LATG and OTG groups were well balanced after PSM. LATG showed advantages with respect to shorter time to ambulation, first flatus, and first whole liquid diet intake. No significant differences were found between the two groups with regard to postoperative complications as well as overall survival in terms of different pathological stage. Older age was found as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications, and pathological stage for overall survival as well. CONCLUSION: LATG appears to have comparable surgical and oncological safety with OTG by experienced surgeons.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET5-2521

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis infection is associated with negative impacts on renal function that may lead to nephropathy. We investigated associations between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and/or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in a large, representative sample from a nationwide U.S. database. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective observational study extracted data from the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, including adults ≥18 years old admitted to U.S. hospitals between 2005 and 2014 with records of chronic HBV infection in medical history. The final analytic sample included 70,674 HBV-infected patients and 282,696 matched non-HBV controls. Study endpoints were prevalent CKD and ESRD. Associations between CKD/ESRD and HBV and patients' clinical characteristics were determined by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: HBV infection was associated with slightly increased risk of prevalent CKD (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.004-1.119) and an approximate 2-times risk of prevalent ESRD (OR: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.880-2.086). HBV infection in both genders was associated with slightly increased risk of CKD (males, OR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.02-1.16; females, OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.98,1.17), and significantly associated with increased risk for CKD among non-diabetic patients (OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.15-1.32), white patients (OR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.06-1.23) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.98-1.30). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic HBV infection is associated with slightly increased risk for CKD and greater risk for ESRD in males and females, Whites and Asian/Pacific Islanders and non-diabetic patients


INTRODUCCIÓN: La infección por el virus de la hepatitis se asocia a impactos negativos en la función renal que pueden derivar en nefropatía. Investigamos las asociaciones entre la infección crónica por el virus de la hepatitis B (VHB) y la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) y/o la enfermedad renal terminal (ERT) en una muestra de grandes dimensiones y representativa procedente de una base de datos nacional de los Estados Unidos. MÉTODOS: Este estudio observacional retrospectivo y poblacional extrajo datos de la base de datos de la muestra nacional de pacientes hospitalizados (Nationwide Inpatient Sample, NIS) de los EE. UU., que incluye adultos ≥18 años ingresados en hospitales de los EE. UU. entre 2005 y 2014 con registros de infección crónica por VHB en su historia médica. La muestra analítica final incluyó a 70.674 pacientes infectados por el VHB y a 282.696 controles emparejados no infectados por el VHB. Los criterios de valoración del estudio fueron la enfermedad renal crónica y la enfermedad renal terminal prevalentes. Las asociaciones entre la ERC o la ERT y el VHB y las características clínicas de los pacientes se determinaron mediante un análisis de regresión logística. RESULTADOS: La infección por VHB se asoció a un riesgo ligeramente mayor de prevalencia de enfermedad renal crónica (OR: 1,06; IC del 95%: 1,004-1,119) y un riesgo aproximadamente dos veces mayor de enfermedad renal terminal (OR: 1,98; IC del 95%: 1,880-2,086). La infección por VHB se asoció en ambos sexo a un riesgo ligeramente mayor de enfermedad renal crónica (hombres, OR: 1,09, IC del 95%: 1,02-1,16; mujeres, OR: 1,07, IC del 95%: 0,98-1,17), y se asoció significativamente a un mayor riesgo de enfermedad renal crónica entre los pacientes no diabéticos (OR: 1,23, IC del 95%: 1,15-1,32), pacientes blancos (OR: 1,14, IC del 95%: 1,06-1,23) y asiáticos o de las islas del Pacífico (OR: 1,13, IC del 95%: 0,98-1,30). CONCLUSIONES: La infección crónica por VHB se asocia a un riesgo ligeramente mayor de enfermedad renal crónica y a un mayor riesgo de enfermedad renal terminal en hombres y mujeres, blancos y asiáticos o de las islas del Pacífico y pacientes no diabéticos

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(1): 1766-1772, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373202

RESUMO

The assemblies of plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) are the universal methods for enhancing their surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activities. However, the present methods suffer from the problems of poor reproducibility, complicated fabrication, or the adsorption of ligands on the surface, which limit their practical applications. In this work, by using a facile freeze-thaw method, we are able to fabricate the assemblies of Ag NPs with highly reproducible SERS activity without the use of ligands. Moreover, the Ag NPs can be well kept in a frozen state for a long time with few influences on the reproducibility (relative standard deviation, RSD ca. 7%), while those kept in colloid (4 °C) suffer from gradual surface oxidation and aggregation. Such a simple freeze-thaw method does not require the introduction of any ligands (or linkers) with long-term stability and reproducibility, implying its wide applications in practical SERS sensing.

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