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1.
Nat Chem ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635811

RESUMO

Super-concentrated water-in-salt electrolytes make high-voltage aqueous batteries possible, but at the expense of high cost and several adverse effects, including high viscosity, low conductivity and slow kinetics. Here, we observe a concentration-dependent association between CO2 and TFSI anions in water that reaches maximum strength at 5 mol kg-1 LiTFSI. This TFSI-CO2 complex and its reduction chemistry allow us to decouple the interphasial responsibility of an aqueous electrolyte from its bulk properties, hence making high-voltage aqueous Li-ion batteries practical in dilute salt-in-water electrolytes. The CO2/salt-in-water electrolyte not only inherits the wide electrochemical stability window and non-flammability from water-in-salt electrolytes but also successfully circumvents the numerous disadvantages induced by excessive salt. This work represents a deviation from the water-in-salt pathway that not only benefits the development of practical aqueous batteries, but also highlights how the complex interactions between electrolyte components can be used to manipulate interphasial chemistry.

2.
Food Chem ; 372: 131208, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601418

RESUMO

A simple, environmentally-friendly and reliable method was developed to simultaneously monitor the residue of methyl 1-naphthalene acetate, parathion-methyl, fenitrothion, bromophos and phenthoate in pomelo by using dispersive solid-phase extraction technique (d-SPE). In this method, these target analytes were captured by MIL-125-NH2 and detected by GC-MS/MS. The key parameters of d-SPE were optimized by the single factor experiment. Under the optimized conditions, a good determination coefficient (R2 > 0.9922) and extraction recoveries (64.7-116.8%) are obtained. The limit of detections (0.03-1.07 ng/g) is lower than the MRLs in citrus fruits established by EU (10-15000 ng/g) and China (10-10000 ng/g). The precisions of intra-day and inter-day are 1.3-8.9% and 3.8-14.9%, respectively. In addition, the sorbent MIL-125-NH2 is stable and can be reused at least eight times. These results prove the established method is efficient and reliable to detect the pesticide residues in pomelo.

3.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-14, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494933

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is one of the main causes of lower back pain (LBP). It results from an imbalance between the degradation and synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, plays a vital role in many diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and osteoarthritis. However, the effect of atorvastatin on IDD is unclear. Herein, we demonstrated that atorvastatin affects matrix degradation induced by TNF-α and demonstrated the mechanism by which TNF-α modulates matrix metabolism in rat NP cells. Real-time PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were performed to detect the mRNA and protein expression of related genes. mRFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus plasmid transfection and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to detect cell autophagy. NLRP3 inhibitor and lentiviral vectors containing shRNA-NLRP3 were used to show the effect of NLRP3 on autophagic flux and the NF-κB signaling pathway. The results revealed that atorvastatin might suppress matrix degradation induced by TNF-α by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activity and inducing autophagic flux. Moreover, atorvastatin suppressed NF-κB signaling induced by TNF-α. NF-κB signaling inhibition suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activity, and NLRP3 inhibition suppressed NF-κB signaling activation induced by TNF-α. NLRP3 inhibition or NLRP3 knockdown induced autophagic flux in the presence of TNF-α. Overall, the present study demonstrated that atorvastatin might suppress matrix degradation induced by TNF-α and further revealed the crosstalk among NLRP3 inflammasome activity, autophagy and NF-κB signaling.

4.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570220

RESUMO

LncRNAs are not only well-known as non-coding elements, but also serve as templates for peptide translation, playing important roles in fundamental cellular processes and diseases. Here, we describe a database, TransLnc (http://bio-bigdata.hrbmu.edu.cn/TransLnc/), which aims to provide comprehensive experimentally supported and predicted lncRNA peptides in multiple species. TransLnc currently documents approximate 583 840 peptides encoded by 33 094 lncRNAs. Six types of direct and indirect evidences supporting the coding potential of lncRNAs were integrated, and 65.28% peptides entries were with at least one type of evidence. Considering the strong tissue-specific expression of lncRNAs, TransLnc allows users to access lncRNA peptides in any of the 34 tissues involved in. In addition, both the unique characteristic and homology relationship were also predicted and provided. Importantly, TransLnc provides computationally predicted tumour neoantigens from peptides encoded by lncRNAs, which would provide novel insights into cancer immunotherapy. There were 220 791 and 237 915 candidate neoantigens binding by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I or II molecules, respectively. Several flexible tools were developed to aid retrieve and analyse, particularly lncRNAs tissue expression patterns, clinical relevance across cancer types. TransLnc will serve as a valuable resource for investigating the translation capacity of lncRNAs and greatly extends the cancer immunopeptidome.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21526-21546, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493691

RESUMO

Although calorie restriction has been reported to extend lifespan in several organisms, animals subjected to calorie restriction consume not only fewer calories but also smaller quantities of food. Whether it is the overall restriction of calories or the coincidental reduction in the quantity of food consumed that mediates the anti-aging effects is unclear. Here, we subjected mice to five dietary interventions. We showed that both calorie and quantity restriction could improve early survival, but no maximum lifespan extension was observed in the mice fed isocaloric diet in which food quantity was reduced. Mice fed isoquant diet with fewer calories showed maximum lifespan extension and improved health among all the groups, suggesting that calorie intake rather than food quantity consumed is the key factor for the anti-aging effect of calorie restriction. Midlife liver gene expression correlations with lifespan revealed that calorie restriction raised fatty acid biosynthesis and metabolism and biosynthesis of amino acids but inhibited carbon metabolism, indicating different effects on fatty acid metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism. Our data illustrate the effects of calories and food quantity on the lifespan extension by calorie restriction and their potential mechanisms, which will provide guidance on the application of calorie restriction to humans.

6.
Small ; : e2102039, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528374

RESUMO

Despite their promised safety and mechanical flexibility, solvent-free polymer electrolytes suffer from low Li-ion conductivities due to poor dissociation of conducting salts and low Li+ -transference numbers due to Li+ -trapping by ether-linkages. In this work, the authors found that oxygen vacancies carried by nanosized Al2 O3 fillers preferentially promotes Li+ -conduction in poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). These vacancies and free electrons therein, whose concentration can be tuned, effectively break up the ion pairs by weakening the Coulombic attraction within them, while simultaneously interacting with the anions, thus preferentially constraining the movement of anions. This synergistic dissociation-and-trapping effect leads to the significant and selective improvement in Li-ion conductivity. Solid state batteries built on such PEO-based electrolytes exhibits superior performance at high current density. This discovery reveals a molecular-level rationale for the long-observed phenomenon that certain inorganic nano-fillers improve ion conduction in PEO, and provides a universal approach to tailor superior polymer-based electrolytes for the next generation solid-state batteries.

7.
Nano Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336143

RESUMO

The inferior electrical contact to two-dimensional (2D) materials is a critical challenge for their application in post-silicon very large-scale integrated circuits. Electrical contacts were generally related to their resistive effect, quantified as contact resistance. With a systematic investigation, this work demonstrates a capacitive metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) field-effect at the electrical contacts to 2D materials: The field-effect depletes or accumulates charge carriers, redistributes the voltage potential, and gives rise to abnormal current saturation and nonlinearity. On one hand, the current saturation hinders the devices' driving ability, which can be eliminated with carefully engineered contact configurations. On the other hand, by introducing the nonlinearity to monolithic analog artificial neural network circuits, the circuits' perception ability can be significantly enhanced, as evidenced using a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) critical illness prediction model. This work provides a comprehension of the field-effect at the electrical contacts to 2D materials, which is fundamental to the design, simulation, and fabrication of electronics based on 2D materials. Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material (results of the simulation and SEM) is available in the online version of this article at 10.1007/s12274-021-3670-y.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(42): 22812-22817, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379346

RESUMO

The introduction of "water-in-salt" electrolyte (WiSE) concept opens a new horizon to aqueous electrochemistry that is benefited from the formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI). However, such SEI still faces multiple challenges, including dissolution, mechanical damaging, and incessant reforming, which result in poor cycling stability. Here, we report a polymeric additive, polyacrylamide (PAM) that effectively stabilizes the interphase in WiSE. With the addition of 5 molar % PAM to 21 mol kg-1 LiTFSI electrolyte, a LiMn2 O4 ∥L-TiO2 full cell exhibits enhanced cycling stability with 86 % capacity retention after 100 cycles at 1 C. The formation mechanism and evolution of PAM-assisted SEI was investigated using operando small angle neutron scattering and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, which reveal that PAM minimizes the presence of free water molecules at the anode/electrolyte interface, accelerates the TFSI- anion decomposition, and densifies the SEI.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387324

RESUMO

Heterologous expression of eukaryotic gene clusters in yeast has been widely used for producing high-value chemicals and bioactive secondary metabolites. However, eukaryotic transcription cis-elements are still under-characterized, and the cross-species expression mechanism remains poorly understood. Here we used the whole expression unit (including original promoter, terminator and open reading frame with introns) of orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylases from fourteen Penicillium species as a showcase, and analyzed their cross-species expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that pyrG promoters from the Penicillium species could drive URA3 expression in yeast, and that inefficient cross-species splicing of Penicillium introns might result in weak cross-species expression. Thus, this study demonstrates cross-species expression from Penicillium to yeast, and sheds light on the opportunities and challenges of cross-species expression of fungi expression units and gene clusters in yeast without refactoring for novel natural product discovery.

10.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 262: 120119, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243140

RESUMO

Unclear established standard of bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma (BFAR), a commonly used drug in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), compromised its clinical efficacy. In this study, we explored the correlation between color and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) feature with content of atractylodin, then established a rapid recognition model for the optimal degree of processing for BFAR preparation. The results of the Pearson analysis indicated that the color values were significantly and positively correlated with atractylodin content. The back propagation artificial neural network algorithm and cluster analysis revealed the color of different BFAR could be accurately divided into three categories; subsequently, the color range for the optimal degrees of stir-frying was established as follows: R[red value (105.79-127.25)], G[green value(75.84-89.64)], B[blue value(33.33-42.73)], L[Lightness (81.26-95.09)].Using NIR, principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and cluster analysis, three types of BFAR were accurately identified. The prediction model of atractylodin content was established using partial least squares regression analysis. The R2 of the validation set was 0.9717 and the root mean square error was 0.026. In the color judgment model, the processing degree of 8 batches of BFAR from the market is inferior. According to the NIR judgment model, the processing degree of all samples from the market is inferior. In conclusion, the best fire degree of BFAR can be identified quickly and accurately based on our established model. It is a potential method for quality evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica processing.


Assuntos
Atractylodes , Mineração de Dados , Furanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Rizoma , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho
11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 116: 150-160, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265416

RESUMO

As a tyrosine phosphatase, Src homology 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) serves as an inhibitor in PI3K-Akt pathway. In mammals, SHP2 can phosphorylate GSK3ß at Y216 site to control the expression of IFN. So far, the multiple functions of SHP2 have been reported in mammals. However, little is known about fish SHP2. In this study, we cloned and identified a grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) SHP2 gene (CiSHP2, MT373151). SHP2 is conserved among different vertebrates by amino acid sequences alignment and the phylogenetic tree analysis. CiSHP2 shared the closest homology with Danio rerio SHP2. Simultaneously, SHP2 was also tested in grass carp tissues and CIK (C. idellus kidney) cells. We found that it responded to poly I:C stimulation. CiSHP2 was located in the cytoplasm just as the same as those of mammals. Interestingly, it inhibited the phosphorylation level of GSK3ß in a non-contact manner. Meanwhile CiGSK3ß interacted with and directly phosphorylated CiTBK1. In addition, we found that CiSHP2 also reduced the phosphorylation level of CiTBK1 by CiGSK3ß, and then it depressed the expression of IFN I via GSK3ß-TBK1 axis. These results suggested that CiSHP2 was involved in CiGSK3ß and CiTBK1 activity but not regulated their transcriptional level. At the same time, we also found that CiSHP2 also influenced the activity of CiIRF3. Therefore, fish SHP2 inhibited IFN I expression through blocking GSK3ß-TBK1 signal axis.


Assuntos
Carpas/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Carpas/genética , Linhagem Celular , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Fosforilação , Filogenia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/genética
12.
Genomics ; 113(4): 2468-2482, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062231

RESUMO

The spatio-temporal expression patterns of RNA and comparisons between different developmental stages have been one of the useful techniques for studying animal physiology and functional gene regulations. A Chinese indigenous breed Ningxiang pig is known for its quality meat production, disease resistance and slow growth performances in pig industry. To gain a better understanding of pig immunity and disease resistance, we comprehensively analyzed the whole transcriptome of the spleens from three important developmental nodes of Ningxiang pig at 30, 90 and 210 days of age. By three ways of comparisons (30vs 90 days, 30 vs 210 days and 90 vs 210 days), a total of 364to 865 differentially expressed mRNAs, 37 to 98 differentially expressed miRNAs,220 to 278 lncRNAs, and 96 to 113 circRNAs were identified. Further analysis of expression patterns, potential function and interactions with miRNAs identified the potential non-coding RNAs related to immunomodulation such as ssc-miRNA-150, ssc-miRNA-497, MSTRG24160, MSTRG18646. The results revealed that miRNAs and circRNAs may have evolved to regulate a large set of biological processes of spleen function in Ningxiang pigs, and circRNAs play a role of miRNA sponges. The results from study is the first report of whole transcriptome analysis of Ningxiang pig spleen and provide new insights into the expression changes of RNAs during the spleen development, which contribute to the phenotypic formation of immunity and disease resistancesin Chinese indigenous pig breeds.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 5903-5908, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152154

RESUMO

We report the first synthesis of aluminum hexafluorophosphate (Al(PF6)3) and its electrochemical properties in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The single crystal structure of the synthesized Al(PF6)3 is revealed as [Al(DMSO)6](PF6)3, and 0.25 M Al(PF6)3 in DMSO with high ionic conductivity is obtained. The purity of this electrolyte was further confirmed with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. We then demonstrated the reversibility of Al deposition-stripping in this electrolyte using scanning electron microscopy and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy depth profiling study. The parasitic reaction involving DMSO decomposition during Al deposition is also identified via gas chromatography/electron ionization mass spectrometry.

14.
Food Chem ; 364: 130395, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175617

RESUMO

This work investigates the partial solubilization of cell wall polysaccharides in okra flours and the changes in the profile of free and bound phenolics through twin-screw extrusion. The comparison between extruded wheat flour-native okra flour (EWF-OF) and extruded wheat flour-extruded okra flour (EWF-EOF) composite blends revealed that extrusion led to an increase of soluble dietary fiber from 7.76 to 10.02 g/100 g. Extrusion of okra also resulted in a significant increase of free and bound phenolic acids, the latter consisting mostly of ferulic acid, as well as the thermal degradation of free epigallocatechin, and the binding of a small portion of quercetin-3-O-glucoside likely to a carbohydrate fraction. Bread crumbs from EWF-EOF (at 15% replacement level) exhibited a significantly lower hardness and higher elasticity, cohesiveness and resilience (from 28.28 N, 0.94, 0.49 and 0.17 to 7.54 N, 0.99, 0.70 and 0.35, respectively), which closely resembled the textural attributes of wheat bread.


Assuntos
Abelmoschus , Farinha , Pão , Dureza , Triticum
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170663

RESUMO

The lithium (Li) metal polymer battery (LMPB) is a promising candidate for solid-state batteries with high safety. However, high voltage stability of such a battery has been hindered by the use of polyethylene oxide (PEO), which oxidizes at a potential lower than 4 V versus Li. Herein, we adopt the polymer-in-salt electrolyte (PISE) strategy to circumvent the disadvantage of the PEO-lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) system with EO/Li ≤ 8 through a dry ball-milling process to avoid the contamination of the residual solvent. The obtained solid-state PISEs exhibit distinctly different morphologies and coordination structures which lead to significant improvement in oxidative stability. P(EO)1LiFSI has a low melting temperature, a high ionic conductivity at 60 °C, and an oxidative stability of ∼4.5 V versus Li/Li+. With an effective interphase rich in inorganic species and a good stability of the hybrid polymer electrolyte toward Li metal, the LMPB constructed with Li||LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 can retain 74.4% of capacity after 186 cycles at 60 °C under the cutoff charge voltage of 4.3 V. The findings offer a promising pathway toward high-voltage stable polymer electrolytes for high-energy-density and safe LMPBs.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(10)2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068106

RESUMO

When the use of optical images is not practical due to cloud cover, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery is a preferred alternative for monitoring coastal wetlands because it is unaffected by weather conditions. Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) enables the detection of different backscattering mechanisms and thus has potential applications in land cover classification. Gaofen-3 (GF-3) is the first Chinese civilian satellite with multi-polarized C-band SAR imaging capability. Coastal wetland classification with GF-3 polarimetric SAR imagery has attracted increased attention in recent years, but it remains challenging. The aim of this study was to classify land cover in coastal wetlands using an object-oriented random forest algorithm on the basis of GF-3 polarimetric SAR imagery. First, a set of 16 commonly used SAR features was extracted. Second, the importance of each SAR feature was calculated, and the optimal polarimetric features were selected for wetland classification by combining random forest (RF) with sequential backward selection (SBS). Finally, the proposed algorithm was utilized to classify different land cover types in the Yancheng Coastal Wetlands. The results show that the most important parameters for wetland classification in this study were Shannon entropy, Span and orientation randomness, combined with features derived from Yamaguchi decomposition, namely, volume scattering, double scattering, surface scattering and helix scattering. When the object-oriented RF classification approach was used with the optimal feature combination, different land cover types in the study area were classified, with an overall accuracy of up to 92%.


Assuntos
Radar , Áreas Alagadas , Algoritmos , Monitoramento Ambiental
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138532

RESUMO

Electrolyte additives have been extensively used as an economical approach to improve Li-ion battery (LIB) performances; however, their selection has been conducted on an Edisonian trial-and-error basis, with little knowledge about the relationship between their molecular structure and reactivity as well as the electrochemical performance. In this work, a series of phosphate additives with systematic structural variation were introduced with the purpose of revealing the significance of additive structure in building a robust interphase and electrochemical property in LIBs. By comparing the interphases formed by tripropyl phosphate (TPPC1), triallyl phosphate (TPPC2), and tripropargyl phosphate (TPPC3) containing alkane, alkene, and alkyne functionalities, respectively, theoretical calculations and comprehensive characterizations reveal that TPPC3 and TPPC2 exhibit more reactivity than TPPC1, and both can preferentially decompose both reductively and oxidatively, forming dense and protective interphases on both the cathode and anode, but they lead to different long-term cycling behaviors at 55 °C. We herein correlate the electrochemical performance of the high energy Li-ion cells to the molecular structure of these additives, and it is found that the effectiveness of TPPC1, TPPC2, and TPPC3 in preventing gas generation, suppressing interfacial resistance growth, and improving cycling stability can be described as TPPC3 > TPPC2 > TPPC1, i.e., the most unsaturated additive TPPC3 is the most effective additive among them. The established correlation between structure-reactivity and interphase-performance will doubtlessly construct the principle foundation for the rational design of new electrolyte components for future battery chemistry.

18.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 16(8): 902-910, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972758

RESUMO

Metallic zinc is an ideal anode due to its high theoretical capacity (820 mAh g-1), low redox potential (-0.762 V versus the standard hydrogen electrode), high abundance and low toxicity. When used in aqueous electrolyte, it also brings intrinsic safety, but suffers from severe irreversibility. This is best exemplified by low coulombic efficiency, dendrite growth and water consumption. This is thought to be due to severe hydrogen evolution during zinc plating and stripping, hitherto making the in-situ formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) impossible. Here, we report an aqueous zinc battery in which a dilute and acidic aqueous electrolyte with an alkylammonium salt additive assists the formation of a robust, Zn2+-conducting and waterproof SEI. The presence of this SEI enables excellent performance: dendrite-free zinc plating/stripping at 99.9% coulombic efficiency in a Ti||Zn asymmetric cell for 1,000 cycles; steady charge-discharge in a Zn||Zn symmetric cell for 6,000 cycles (6,000 h); and high energy densities (136 Wh kg-1 in a Zn||VOPO4 full battery with 88.7% retention for >6,000 cycles, 325 Wh kg-1 in a Zn||O2 full battery for >300 cycles and 218 Wh kg-1 in a Zn||MnO2 full battery with 88.5% retention for 1,000 cycles) using limited zinc. The SEI-forming electrolyte also allows the reversible operation of an anode-free pouch cell of Ti||ZnxVOPO4 at 100% depth of discharge for 100 cycles, thus establishing aqueous zinc batteries as viable cell systems for practical applications.

19.
Exp Cell Res ; 405(2): 112658, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34038745

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) results from dysregulated metabolism of the extracellular matrix of the nucleus pulposus (NP) and involves the participation of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α. Bromodomain-containing protein 7 (BRD7) shows considerable potential for anti-inflammatory applications. Herein, we investigated the role of BRD7 in IDD. The immunohistochemistry results demonstrated decreased BRD7 expression in severely degenerated human NP tissues compared to those showing mild degeneration. Lentiviruses and adenoviruses were used to knock down or overexpress BRD7 and YAP1, respectively. Our results revealed that BRD7 knockdown promoted matrix degradation and suppressed PI3K and YAP1 expression, while BRD7 overexpression alleviated matrix degradation and promoted YAP1 and PI3K expression. In addition, PI3K inhibition augmented matrix degradation, enhanced apoptosis, and reduced YAP1 expression, whereas YAP1 overexpression promoted matrix synthesis, suppressed apoptosis and promoted PI3K expression. Besides, BRD7 overexpression reversed the reductions in sulfated glycosaminoglycan levels induced by TNF-α, but this effect was blocked by PI3K or YAP1 inhibitors. Moreover, YAP1 and PI3K were shown to interact through coimmunoprecipitation analysis. In summary, our results demonstrate that BRD7 can regulate matrix metabolism and apoptosis in human NP cells through the BRD7-PI3K-YAP1 signaling axis. This study might provide new insights into the prevention and treatment of IDD.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Humanos , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
20.
Biofactors ; 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058037

RESUMO

Insufficient attention has been focused on the directional migration of SOX10+ tendon stem cells (STSCs) during tendon remodeling. Here, we investigate whether tenascin-C (TNC) promotes STSC motility and migration. Based on the hypothesis that TNCs induce STSC migration, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) was conducted, identifying 2107 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 1272 were up-regulated and 835 down-regulated following treatment with TNC versus the control. The DEGs were principally involved in cell adhesion and cell membrane signal transduction. Highly enriched-related signaling included the PI3K-Akt, focal adhesion, and ECM-receptor interaction pathways. Protein interaction analysis established that TNC was positively correlated with ITGA9 (integrin-α9). Furthermore, TNC activated the phosphorylation levels of FAK and Akt, and knockdown of ITGA9 with siRNA revealed that TNC contributes to STSC migration via the targeting of ITGA9. In addition, in vivo administration of TNC promoted tissue regeneration of injured tendons. In conclusion, TNC regulated the migration of STSCs via ITGA9, thereby promoting the regeneration of tendon injuries.

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