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3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 973-977, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607040

RESUMO

Health care workers have higher risk of influenza infection because of their occupational exposure to infected patients. Infection of the health care workers may not only result in the increasing risk of the nosocomial infection and family transmission, but also disrupt the health services due to absence from work. Health care workers were recommended as a priority group of influenza vaccinationin more than 40 countries and regions in the world. In recent years, domestic surveys show that the influenza vaccine coverage among health care workers was low. This paper outlines the current status and related policies of influenza vaccination among health care workers in China and global. Additionally, we analyzed and discussed the proper immunization strategy of influenza vaccine for medical staff in China.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , China , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Vacinação
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1018-1021, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607048

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the current status and related factors of influenza vaccination among health care workers (HCWs) in tertiary hospitals of Xining city after the implementation of the free influenza vaccination policy. Methods: In August 2018, the cluster sampling method was used to select four medical institutions in Xining that had previously conducted investigations and interventions. All HCWs(excluding logistic staff) in each medical institution were included in the study. A total of 3 260 valid respondents were included. Questionnaires were used to collect the demographic characteristics, influenza and influenza vaccination awareness, implementation of free policy in the influenza epidemic season from 2017 to 2018, influenza vaccination status, awareness of influenza vaccination schedule and free policy. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze related factors of influenza vaccination. Results: The age of respondents was (31.41±5.00) years. The influenza vaccination rate was 6.80% (226/3 260) in 2017-2018 influenza epidemic season. After controlling for related factors, the awareness of the influenza vaccination schedule (OR=17.05, 95%CI: 5.86-49.59), vaccination frequency (OR=8.22, 95%CI: 2.98-22.61) and the free policy (OR=3.15, 95%CI: 1.49-6.67) had higher vaccination rate. Conclusion: The influenza vaccination rate of HCWs in tertiary hospitals of Xining city was low. Increasing the awareness of the vaccination schedule, frequency and free policy may promote the influenza vaccination rate of HCWs.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , China , Cidades , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vacinação
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(17): 7224-7231, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis (OP) has a high incidence and can be found in multiple age groups. The bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have the potential for self-renewal and multi-directional differentiation, which are often used for investigating the differentiation function of osteoporosis bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. γ-glutamyl carboxylase (GGCX) is a carboxylase-related carboxylase and was observed to be abnormally expressed in osteoarthritis. However, the role and related mechanisms of GGCX in OP have not been fully elucidated. This work aimed to evaluate the effect of GGCX on the differentiation function of BMSCs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the OP group prepared by ovariectomy and sham group. GGCX expression was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). BMSCs were isolated from OP rats and transfected with pcDNA-GGCX plasmids. BMSC proliferation was detected by tetrazolium salt colorimetry (MTT) assay. The osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs was analyzed by alizarin red staining and oil red O staining. The ALP activity was determined by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity colorimetric assay. Real time-PCR was used to test the expressions of osteogenesis-related genes RUNX2 and OPN mRNA. Western blot was adopted to assess the TGFß/smad signaling pathway activity. RESULTS: GGCX expression was significantly decreased in the serum of OP rats compared with the sham group (p < 0.05). The transfection of pcDNA-GGCX plasmid significantly promoted BMSC cell proliferation, increased calcified nodule formation, inhibited adipogenic differentiation, enhanced ALP activity, elevated RUNX2, and OPN mRNA expressions, and upregulated TGFß1, Smad2, and Smad7 expressions (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GGCX secretion is reduced in osteoporosis. GGCX can regulate osteoporosis via promoting the TGFß/smad signaling pathway, facilitating BMSCs osteogenic differentiation, and inhibiting BMSCs adipogenic differentiation.

6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 611-613, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474043

RESUMO

From January 2013 to December 2017, 8 patients with deep burns of upper limbs were admitted to our hospital, including 6 males and 2 females, aged 23-48 years. The wound area of full-thickness burns to burns with tendon and bone injury was 4.5 cm×2.0 cm-20.0 cm×10.5 cm. After debridement, thin abdominal flaps with subdermal vascular network in the size of 5.0 cm×2.5 cm-22.0 cm×12.0 cm were applied to cover the wounds, and the donor sites were sutured directly by relaxation. The disposable suction tubes with holes cut on side walls were used as drainage tubes. The part of drainage tubes with holes were wrapped with nano-silver antimicrobial dressings and then placed at the lowest position of pedicle and donor site of abdominal flap and the space between the injured limb and the abdominal wall. The loose nano-silver antibacterial dressing was used to fill the webs of fingers and the gap between the injured limb and the abdominal wall. The transparent film dressing was used to close the surgical area and then connected with a low negative voltage electric suction device to continuously suck at a negative pressure of -15 to -10 kPa. The self-made vacuum sealing drainage device was replaced at intervals of 4 to 5 days until pedicle breakage was performed 2 to 3 weeks after operation. The pedicled abdominal flaps of 8 patients had no torsion or avulsion, no pedicle blood supply disorder, and no infection or skin erosion in the operation area, and all the flaps survived after pedicle breakage.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/transplante , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia , Adulto , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Pele , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(7): 527-533, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269616

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors of long-term treatment outcomes and establish predicting model for laparoscopic left hepatectomy in hepatolithiasis. Methods: Clinical data of 108 patients with hepatolithiasis who underwent laparoscopic left sided hepatectomy and with complete follow-up data were retrospectively collected from June 2011 to June 2016 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Twenty-six males and 82 females were enrolled. The age was (52.4±11.7) years (range:20-80 years) , and the median follow-up time was 36 months (range: 24-83 months) . Patients were randomly divided into training group (79 cases) and validation group (29 cases) with a ratio of about 3∶1. Twenty-five preoperative and intraoperative clinical factors were selected for potential factors that might affect long-term outcomes, and quality of life was used as an surrogate evaluation index. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the potential risk factors, and to construct and validate the predictive nomogram for surgical outcomes. Results: Among 108 patients, 10 patients (9.3%) had residual stones, 8 patients (7.4%) had recurrent stones, 12 patients (11.1%) had recurrent cholangitis and 3 patients (2.8%) died. Univariate analysis showed that history of hepatobiliary surgery, gender, activation of partial thromboplastin time, alkaline phosphatase, use of choledochoscopy, postoperative stone residual, serum creatinine, postoperative biliary drainage and operation time were risk factors that may affect long-term outcomes (all P<0.15) . Multivariate analysis showed that the history of previous hepatobiliary surgery (OR=2.305, 95% CI: 0.383-4.227, P=0.019) , postoperative biliary drainage (OR=2.043, 95% CI: 0.182-4.209, P=0.048) , operation time ≥262.5 minutes (OR=1.971, 95% CI: 0.154-4.023, P=0.045) were independent risk factor affecting long-term outcomes. Based on the above factors, the predictive nomogram model was constructed. Internal and external validations showed good discrimination (area under the curve of receiver operating curve>0.7) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test: P>0.05) performance, which indicated that the prediction effect was favorable. Conclusions: History of previous hepatobiliary surgery, postoperative biliary drainage and operation time ≥262.5 minutes are independent risk factors for long-term outcome. The predictive nomogram model based on risk factors relates to surgical outcomes presented good clinical predictive effects, which might contribute to the prediction of the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic left sided hepatectomy for hepatolithiasis.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Litíase/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Qualidade de Vida , Distribuição Aleatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(8): 3542-3550, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The effects and mechanisms of melatonin on Alzheimer's disease (AD) are still not researched thoroughly. 20E2 cells (HEK293-APPswe cells) are a cellular model of AD. The modulation effects of melatonin on the structure and function of mitochondria in 20E2 cells need to be studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Alzheimer's disease (AD) cell model was assessed for cell viability, expression levels of mitochondrial biogenesis factors (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha [PGC-1α], nuclear respiratory factor 1 [NRF1], nuclear respiratory factor 2 [NRF2], mitochondrial transcription factor A [TFAM]), mitochondrial membrane potential, Na+-K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and cytochrome C oxidase activity, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, mitochondrial DNA/nuclear DNA (mtDNA/nDNA) ratio, and mitochondrial structure with and without melatonin. RESULTS: Melatonin improved 20E2 cell viability, expression of mitochondrial biogenesis factors (PGC-1α, NRF1, NRF2, TFAM), mitochondrial membrane potential, Na+-K+-ATPase, and cytochrome C oxidase activity, ATP level, mtDNA/nDNA ratio, mitochondrial structure, and decreased amyloidogenic amyloid precursor protein processing. CONCLUSIONS: Mitochondrial biogenesis disorder is associated with the pathogenesis of AD through PGC-1α-NRF-TFAM pathway, and melatonin improves the mitochondrial structure and function by enhancing mitochondrial biogenesis and decreasing amyloidogenic APP processing in Alzheimer's disease.

10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(4): 307-311, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955268

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of transcription factor 21 (TCF21) on the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration and angiogenesis of human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231). Methods: TCF21 overexpressing plasmid was transfected into human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 by liposome transfection, and Western blot was used to detect whether the transfection was successful. The effects of TCF21 overexpression on proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration and angiogenesis of MDA-MB-231 were detected by MTT, DAPI, Transwell and CAM. Results: The expression of TCF21 protein in Western blot showed that the TCF21 overexpression plasmid was successfully transfected into MDA-MB-231 cells. Overexpression of TCF21 inhibited the proliferation of tumor cells and inhibit the proliferation of 48 h cells after transfection. Overexpression of TCF21 inhibited tumor invasion and migration and angiogenesis, and promoted apoptosis of tumor cells. The results of Western blot showed that the protein expression of MMP-9, VEGFA and p-VEGFR2 decreased significantly after overexpression of TCF21. Conclusions: TCF21 can inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration, angiogenesis and apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells. It is suggested that TCF21 can be used as a potential site for clinical diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(1): 4-8, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the BRAF gene mutations in ameloblastic fibroma (AF), and to further analyze the relationship between the BRAF mutation and clinical characteristics so as to provide new reference to the study of AF's molecular pathology. METHODS: Sixteen cases diagnosed as AF at the Department of Oral Pathology, Peking University School of Stomatology between January 1990 and December 2017 were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissues using the QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (Qiagen, Germany) according to the manufacturer's instructions. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencings were used to detect the BRAF gene mutations. The clinicopathological data, such as the age, location of the lesion, symptoms and treatments were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The sixteen cases of AF involved nine women and seven men aged 2-67 years. Three lesions occurred in the maxilla and thirteen in the mandible. The most common presenting symptom of AF was a painless slowly enlarging mass with swelling. Ten patients received conservative treatment and the other six patients received radical surgery. Three cases relapsed during the study period. BRAF gene mutation was found in sixteen of all the sixteen samples analyzed (100%). The BRAF mutation was a point mutation with a thymine-adenine transversion at nucleotide 1 799 of 15 exons, resulting in a change at residue 600 that substituted glutamine for valine. This mutation was the strongest activator of the downstream RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK-MAPK signaling pathway. This helped to bring about a gain-of-function mutation due to a V600E substitution. Many studies identified that BRAF regulated survival, apoptosis, and proliferation of cells by inducing MAPK pathways activation. For the existing cases, none of the age, sex, location, recurrence and treatments had a statistically significant correlation with BRAF mutation. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated high prevalence of BRAF V600E mutation in AF. The pathogenic role remains to be clarified..


Assuntos
Fibroma , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Éxons , Feminino , Fibroma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 1413-1425, 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462947

RESUMO

Seasonal influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza virus infection and its complications. Currently, China has licensed trivalent (IIV3) and quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4), including split-virus influenza vaccine and subunit vaccine. In most parts of China, influenza vaccine is a category Ⅱ vaccine, which means influenza vaccination is voluntary, and recipients need to pay for it. To strengthen the technical guidance for prevention and control of influenza and the operational research on influenza vaccination in China, the National Immunization Advisory Committee (NIAC), Influenza Vaccine Technical Working Group (TWG), updated the 2014 technical guidelines and compiled the "Technical guidelines for seasonal influenza vaccination in China (2018-2019)" , based on most recent existing scientific evidences. The main updates include: epidemiology and disease burden of influenza, types of influenza vaccines, northern hemisphere influenza vaccination composition for the 2018-2019 season, and, IIV3 and IIV4 vaccines'major immune responses, durability of immunity, immunogenicity, vaccine efficacy, effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit. The recommendations include: Points of Vaccination clinics (PoVs) should provide influenza vaccination to all persons aged 6 months and above who are willing to be vaccinated and do not have contraindications. No preferential recommendation is made for any influenza vaccine product for persons who can accept ≥1 licensed, recommended, and appropriate products. To decrease the risk of severe infections and complications due to influenza virus infection among high risk groups, the recommendations prioritize seasonal influenza vaccination for children aged 6-60 months, adults ≥60 years of age, persons with specific chronic diseases, healthcare workers, the family members and caregivers of infants <6 months of age, and pregnant women or women who plan to pregnant during the influenza season. Children aged 6 months to 8 years old require 2 doses of influenza vaccine administered a minimum of 4 weeks apart during their first season of vaccination for optimal protection. If they were vaccinated in previous influenza season, 1 dose is recommended. People ≥ 9 years old require 1 dose of influenza vaccine. It is recommended that people receive their influenza vaccination by the end of October. Influenza vaccination should be offered as soon as the vaccination is available. Influenza vaccination should continue to be available for those unable to be vaccinated before the end of October during the whole season. Influenza vaccine is also recommended for use in pregnant women during any trimester. These guidelines are intended for CDC members who are working on influenza control and prevention, PoVs members, healthcare workers from the departments of pediatrics, internal medicine, and infectious diseases, and members of maternity and child care institutions at all levels.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Estações do Ano , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Vacinação
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(11): 1101-1114, 2018 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30419692

RESUMO

Seasonal influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza virus infection and complications from infection. Currently, China has licensed trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3) and quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4), including split-virus influenza vaccine and subunit vaccine. Except for a few major cities, influenza vaccine is a category Ⅱ vaccine, which means influenza vaccination is voluntary, and recipients must pay for it. To strengthen the technical guidance for prevention and control of influenza and operational research on influenza vaccination in China, the National Immunization Advisory Committee (NIAC) Influenza Vaccine Technical Working Group (TWG), updated the 2014 technical guidelines and compiled the "Technical guidelines for seasonal influenza vaccination in China (2018-2019)" . The main updates in this version include: epidemiology, disease burden, types of influenza vaccines, northern hemisphere influenza vaccination composition for the 2018-2019 season, IIV3 and IIV4 immune response, durability of immunity, immunogenicity, vaccine efficacy, effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit. The influenza vaccine TWG provided the recommendations for influenza vaccination for the 2018-2019 influenza season based on existing scientific evidence. The recommendations described in this report include the following: Points of Vaccination clinics (PoVs) should provide influenza vaccination to all persons aged 6 months and above who are willing to be vaccinated and do not have contraindications. No preferential recommendation is made for one influenza vaccine product over another for persons for whom more than one licensed, recommended, and appropriate product is available. To decrease the risk of severe infections and complications due to influenza virus infection among high risk groups, the recommendations prioritize seasonal influenza vaccination for children aged 6-59 months, adults ≥60 years of age, persons with specific chronic diseases, healthcare workers, the family members and caregivers of infants <6 months of age, and pregnant women or women who plan to become pregnant during the influenza season. Children aged 6 months through 8 years require 2 doses of influenza vaccine administered a minimum of 4 weeks apart during their first season of vaccination for optimal protection. If they were vaccinated in 2017-2018 influenza season or a prior season, 1 dose is recommended. People more than 8 years old require 1 dose of influenza vaccine. It is recommended that people receive their influenza vaccination by the end of October. Influenza vaccination should be offered as soon as the vaccination is available. For the people unable to be vaccinated before the end of October, influenza vaccination will continue to be offered for the whole season. Influenza vaccine is also recommended for use in pregnant women during any trimester. These guidelines are intended for use by staff members of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention at all levels who work on influenza control and prevention, PoVs staff members, healthcare workers from the departments of pediatrics, internal medicine, and infectious diseases, and staff members of maternity and child care institutions at all levels.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Estações do Ano
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(8): 1045-1050, 2018 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180426

RESUMO

Influenza can be prevented through annual appropriate vaccination against the virus concerned. In China, influenza vaccine is categorized as "Class Ⅱ" infectious diseases which the cost is paid out of the user's pockets. The annual coverage of influenza vaccination had been 2%-3%. The main reasons for the low coverage would include the following factors: lacking awareness on both the disease and vaccine, poor accessibility of vaccination service, and the cost of vaccination. To reduce the health and economic burden associated with influenza, comprehensive policies should be improved, targeting the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination. These items would include: ① Different financing reimbursement schemes and mechanisms to improve the aspiration on vaccination and on the vaccine coverage in high-risk groups, as young children, elderly, people with underlying medical conditions; ② to ameliorate equality of vaccination services; ③ to improve knowledge of the health care workers (HCWs) and the public on influenza and related vaccines; ④ to improve clinical and preventive medical practice and vaccination among HCWs through revising clinical guidelines, pathway and consensus of experts; ⑤ to provide more convenient, accessible and normative vaccination service system; ⑥ to strengthen research and development as well as marketing on novel influenza vaccines; ⑦ to revise items regarding the contraindication for influenza vaccine on pregnancy women, stated in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Vacinação , Idoso , Conscientização , Criança , China , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/economia , Masculino , Gravidez
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(8): 1066-1070, 2018 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180429

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influenza vaccination and its influencing factors among the clinical staff in Xining, Qinghai province, in the 2016-2017 influenza season, and to explore the promoting strategies to encourage the target population for influenza vaccination. Methods: Four sample hospitals were randomly selected from the total 11 tertiary hospitals in Xining city. Clinical staff that worked in the four hospitals and agreed to participate were recruited for investigation via a self-administered questionnaire. Results: During the 2016-2017 influenza season, the coverage rate of influenza vaccines among the clinical staff was 5.14% (95%CI: 4.80%-5.49%). Multivariate logistic regression showed that knowing the priority of vaccination, the frequency of vaccination, effect of vaccination, and possessing higher professional qualifications were major influencing factors for influenza vaccination. The intention on recommendation of seasonal influenza vaccine was higher in vaccinated group than that in the unvaccinated group (χ(2)=99.57, P<0.001). Conclusion: The lower coverage rate was primarily associated with the lack of knowledge about influenza vaccine among the clinical staff of the hospital. Tailored information should be provided to the clinical staff through effective methods to improve vaccination and the recommendation of influenza vaccine.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Vacinação , China , Cidades , Hospitais , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estações do Ano , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 41(9): 696-700, 2018 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30196602

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of diaphragmatic dysfunction in mechanical ventilated subjects with sepsis and the relationship between diaphragmatic dysfunction and clinical outcomes. Methods: Newly intubated patients with sepsis diagnosed according to "Sepsis-3" were enrolled from January 2017 to October 2017 in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. Diaphragm thickness was recorded ultrasonographically at end-inspiration and end-expiration when the patients' spontaneous breathing recovered. The diaphragmatic thickening fraction (DTF) was calculated as the percentage from the following formula: (Thickness at end-inspiration-Thickness at end-expiration) / Thickness at end-expiration. The subjects were stratified into a diaphragmatic dysfunction group and a non-diaphragmatic dysfunction group based on whether DTF was < 20%. Results: Fifty-three subjects were included, and the prevalence of diaphragmatic dysfunction was 41.5%(22/53). The diaphragm thickness at end-expiration of the 2 groups were similar(t=1.328, P>0.05). A significant difference of diaphragm thickness at end-inpiration was observed between the 2 groups[(2.2±0.4)mm vs. (2.8±0.8)mm, t=3.677, P<0.05]. Ventilation time after inclusion [(10±8)d vs. (6±5)d, t=2.340, P<0.05], mechanical ventilation durations [(15±8)d vs. (11±6)d, t=2.201, P<0.05] and ICU length of stay [(18±8)d vs. (14±7)d, t=2.039, P<0.05]were all significantly longer in the diaphragmatic dysfunction group than in the non-diaphragmatic dysfunction group. There was no significant difference in the mortality between these 2 groups(χ(2)=0.366, P>0.05). Conclusions: Diaphragmatic dysfunction was common in patients with sepsis treated by mechanical ventilation and was the consequence of contractile force damages. Subjects with such diaphragmatic dysfunction showed longer mechanical ventilation durations and ICU stays.


Assuntos
Diafragma/fisiopatologia , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/terapia
19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 47(5): 366-371, 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29783804

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical (IHC), histogenetic and prognostic features of acquired cystic kidney disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACKD-RCC). Methods: Three cases of ACKD-RCC, including two from 401 Hospital of PLA and one from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were studied by clinical, histological and IHC analysis with review of relevant literature. Results: All the three patients were male, ranging from 46 to 78 years old. All patients had history of chronic renal failure; two patients were treated with hemodialysis for 9 years and 11 years, respectively. In two cases the tumor sizes were 2.5 cm and 3.5 cm, respectively, and the tumor border was distinct. The remaining case showed extensive renal hemorrhage with an inconspicuous mass. Microscopically, the tumor cells were arranged in cribriform, microcystic or acinar structures, with variable papillary structure in one case. Hemorrhage of varying degrees was seen in all three cases, and obvious necrosis was noted in two. The tumor cells had deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm, indistinct cell border, round or oval nuclei, and prominent nucleoli (WHO/ISUP grade 3). Mitoses were rare. Abundant oxalate crystals were seen in two cases. The renal mesenchyme of all three cases were atrophic with variable cystic changes of the renal tubules, the lining cells showed atypical hyperplasia. IHC staining showed all tumors were diffusely positive for vimentin, CD10, RCC, CAM5.2, P504s and mitochondria in the cytoplasm, and were variably positive for EMA (2/3), CK7 (1/3), CA9 (1/3) and PAX8 (3/3). All cases were negative for CD117, HMB45, Melan A and TFE3. After 3-14 months follow-up, one patient died from renal failure six months after surgery. The other two patients were alive without tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions: ACKD-RCC is a very rare renal cell carcinoma. The specific cribriform structure, deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm, prominent nucleoli (WHO/ISUP grade 3), and oxalate crystals deposition, associated with the history of ACKD could aid the diagnosis. ACKD-RCC arises from the proximal renal tubule and its histogenesis might be associated with proliferation and malignant change of the atypical epithelial cells of the cystic renal tubules. ACKD-RCC may have a favorable prognosis except for tumors with sarcomatoid differentiation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Doenças Renais Císticas/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/química , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Renais/química , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neprilisina/análise , Prognóstico , Racemases e Epimerases/análise , Carga Tumoral , Vimentina/análise
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(3): 347-351, 2018 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609252

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the spatial distribution of tuberculosis (TB) and identify the clustering areas in Qinghai province from 2014 to 2016, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of TB. Methods: The data of pulmonary TB cases confirmed by clinical and laboratory diagnosis in Qinghai during this period were collected from National Disease Reporting Information System. The visualization of annual reported incidence, three-dimensional trend analysis and local Getis-Ord G(i)(*) spatial autocorrelation analysis of TB were performed by using software ArcGIS 10.2.2, and global Moran's I spatial autocorrelation analysis were analyzed by using software OpenGeoDa 1.2.0 to describe and analyze the spatial distribution characteristics and high incidence areas of TB in Qinghai from 2014 to 2016. Results: A total of 20 609 pulmonary TB cases were reported in Qinghai during this period. The reported incidences were 101.16/100 000, 123.26/100 000 and 128.70/100 000 respectively, an increasing trend with year was observed (trend χ(2)=187.21, P<0.001). The three-dimensional trend analysis showed that the TB incidence increased from northern area to southern area, and up-arch trend from the east to the west. Global Moran's I spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that annual reported TB incidence in different areas had moderate spatial clustering (Moran's I values were 0.631 3, 0.605 4, and 0.587 3, P<0.001). And local G(i)(*) analysis showed that there were some areas with high TB incidences, such as 10 counties of Yushu and Guoluo prefectures (Gande, Banma and Dari counties, etc., located in the southwest of Qinghai), and some areas with low TB incidences, such as Huangzhong county, Chengdong district and Chengbei district of Xining city and Dachaidan county of Haixi prefecture, and the reported TB incidences in the remaining areas were moderate. Conclusion: The annual reported TB incidence increased year by year in Qinghai from 2014 to 2016. The distribution of TB cases showed obvious spatial clustering, and Yushu and Guoluo prefectures were the key areas in TB prevention and control. In addition, the spatial clustering analysis could provide the important evidence for the development of TB prevention and control measures in Qinghai.


Assuntos
Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Análise Espacial , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/etnologia
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