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1.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 147: 550-560, 2025 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39003070

RESUMO

This study investigated environmental distribution and human exposure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their derivatives in one Chinese petroleum refinery facility. It was found that, following with high concentrations of 16 EPA PAHs (∑Parent-PAHs) in smelting subarea of studied petroleum refinery facility, total derivatives of PAHs [named as XPAHs, including nitro PAHs (NPAHs), chlorinated PAHs (Cl-PAHs), and brominated PAHs (Br-PAHs)] in gas (mean= 1.57 × 104 ng/m3), total suspended particulate (TSP) (mean= 4.33 × 103 ng/m3) and soil (mean= 4.37 × 103 ng/g) in this subarea had 1.76-6.19 times higher levels than those from other subareas of this facility, surrounding residential areas and reference areas, indicating that petroleum refining processes would lead apparent derivation of PAHs. Especially, compared with those in residential and reference areas, gas samples in the petrochemical areas had higher ∑NPAH/∑PAHs (mean=2.18), but lower ∑Cl-PAH/∑PAHs (mean=1.43 × 10-1) and ∑Br-PAH/∑PAHs ratios (mean=7.49 × 10-2), indicating the richer nitrification of PAHs than chlorination during petrochemical process. The occupational exposure to PAHs and XPAHs in this petroleum refinery facility were 24-343 times higher than non-occupational exposure, and the ILCR (1.04 × 10-4) for petrochemical workers was considered to be potential high risk. Furthermore, one expanded high-resolution screening through GC Orbitrap/MS was performed for soils from petrochemical area, and another 35 PAHs were found, including alkyl-PAHs, phenyl-PAHs and other species, indicating that profiles and risks of PAHs analogs in petrochemical areas deserve further expanded investigation.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Petróleo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , China , Petróleo/análise , Humanos , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Medição de Risco
2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2404444, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965797

RESUMO

The trap states at both the upper and bottom interfaces of perovskite layers significantly impact non-radiative carrier recombination. The widely used solvent-based passivation methods result in the disordered distribution of surface components, posing challenges for the commercial application of large-area perovskite solar cells (PSCs). To address this issue, a novel NH3 gas-assisted all-inorganic dual-interfaces passivation strategy is proposed. Through the gas treatment of the perovskite surface, NH3 molecules significantly enhanced the iodine vacancy formation energy (1.54 eV) and bonded with uncoordinated Pb2+ to achieve non-destructive passivation. Meanwhile, the reduction of the film defect states is accompanied by a decrease in the work function, which promotes carrier transport between the interface. Further, a stable passivation layer is constructed to manage the bottom interfacial defects using inorganic potassium tripolyphosphate (PT), whose ─P═O group effectively mitigated the charged defects and lowered the carrier transport barriers and nucleation barriers of PVK, while the gradient distribution of K+ improved the crystalline quality of PVK film. Based on the dual-interface synergistic effect, the optimal MA-contained PSCs with an effective area of 0.1 cm2 achieved an efficiency of 24.51% and can maintain 90% of the initial value after aging (10-20% RH and 20 °C) for 2000 h.

3.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04111, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968002

RESUMO

Background: Poor oral hygiene is associated with overall wellness, but evidence regarding associations of oral health with all-cause mortality remain inconclusive. We aimed to examine the associations of oral health with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. Methods: 28 006 participants were recruited from 2003-2008 and followed up until 2021. Oral health was assessed by face-to-face interview and causes of death was identified via record linkage. Cox regression yielded hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with adjustment of multiple potential confounders. Results: During an average of 14.3 years of follow-up, we found that a lower frequency of toothbrushing was associated with higher risks of all-cause mortality with a dose-response pattern (P for trend <0.001). Specially, the adjusted HR (95% CI) (vs. ≥ twice/d) was 1.16 (1.10, 1.22) (P < 0.001) for brushing once/d and 1.27 (1.00, 1.61) (P = 0.048) for < once/d. Similar associations were also found for cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and respiratory disease mortality, but not for ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cancer mortality. A greater number of missing teeth was also associated with higher risks of all-cause, CVD, stroke, and respiratory disease mortality with a dose-response pattern (all P for trend <0.05). The association of missing teeth with all-cause mortality was stronger in lower-educated participants. Conclusions: Both less frequent toothbrushing and a greater number of missing teeth were associated with higher risks of all-cause, CVD, stroke, and respiratory disease mortality, showing dose-response patterns, but not with IHD and cancer mortality. Moreover, the dose-response association of missing teeth with all-cause mortality was stronger in lower-educated participants.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seguimentos , Estudos de Coortes , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Mortalidade/tendências , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , População do Leste Asiático
4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 387, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951841

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are metal-organic skeleton compounds composed of self-assembled metal ions or clusters and organic ligands. MOF materials often have porous structures, high specific surface areas, uniform and adjustable pores, high surface activity and easy modification and have a wide range of prospects for application. MOFs have been widely used. In recent years, with the continuous expansion of MOF materials, they have also achieved remarkable results in the field of antimicrobial agents. In this review, the structural composition and synthetic modification of MOF materials are introduced in detail, and the antimicrobial mechanisms and applications of these materials in the healing of infected wounds are described. Moreover, the opportunities and challenges encountered in the development of MOF materials are presented, and we expect that additional MOF materials with high biosafety and efficient antimicrobial capacity will be developed in the future.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cicatrização , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Porosidade , Infecção dos Ferimentos/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Cell Rep ; 43(7): 114466, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985681

RESUMO

Meristems are crucial for organ formation, but our knowledge of their molecular evolution is limited. Here, we show that AINTEGUMENTA (MpANT) in the euANT branch of the APETALA2-like transcription factor family is essential for meristem development in the nonvascular plant Marchantia polymorpha. MpANT is expressed in the thallus meristem. Mpant mutants show defects to maintain meristem identity and undergo meristem duplication, while MpANT overexpressers show ectopic thallus growth. MpANT directly upregulates MpGRAS9 in the SHORT-ROOT (SHR) branch of the GRAS family. In the vascular plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the euANT-branch genes PLETHORAs (AtPLTs) and AtANT are involved in the formation and maintenance of root/shoot apical meristems and lateral organ primordia, and AtPLTs directly target SHR-branch genes. In addition, euANTs bind through a similar DNA-binding motif to many conserved homologous genes in M. polymorpha and A. thaliana. Overall, the euANT pathway has an evolutionarily conserved role in meristem development.

6.
J Mater Chem B ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988224

RESUMO

During the infection process, the interactions among respiratory viruses impact the dynamics of transmission and clinical outcomes. Therefore, efficient molecular detection methods provide a basis for rational drug use and effective health management. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ultra-sensitive spectroscopic technique capable of generating extremely narrow spectra (∼1-2 cm-1), enabling simultaneous detection of multiple targets. By judiciously designing plasmonic nanostructures as SERS substrates, Raman signals can be amplified by several orders of magnitude (∼105-1015), facilitating the detection of trace biomolecules. In this highlight, we highlight the work about a novel SERS platform for the high-precision multi-virus molecular identification. This may offer a highly sensitive, specific, and accurate method for the detection of multiple viruses.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 139: 112699, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39024745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative and active metabolite of artemisinin, possesses various immunomodulatory properties. However, its role in myasthenia gravis (MG) has not been clearly explored. Here, we investigated the role of DHA in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) and its potential mechanisms. METHODS: The AChR97-116 peptide-induced EAMG model was established in Lewis rats and treated with DHA. Flow cytometry was used to assess the release of Th cell subsets and Treg cells, and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence analysis was applied to explore the relationship between the changes in the intestinal flora after DHA treatment. In addition, network pharmacology and molecular docking were utilized to explore the potential mechanism of DHA against EAMG, which was further validated in the rat model by immunohistochemical and RT-qPCR for further validation. RESULTS: In this study, we demonstrate that oral administration of DHA ameliorated clinical symptoms in rat models of EAMG, decreased the expression level of Th1 and Th17 cells, and increased the expression level of Treg cells. In addition, 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence analysis showed that DHA restored gut microbiota dysbiosis in EAMG rats by decreasing Ruminococcus abundance and increasing the abundance of Clostridium, Bifidobacterium, and Allobaculum. Using network pharmacology, 103 potential targets of DHA related to MG were identified, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that PI3K-AKT signaling pathway was related to the treatment of DHA on EAMG. Meanwhile, molecular docking verified that DHA has good binding affinity to AKT1, CASP3, EGFR, and IGF1. Immunohistochemical staining showed that DHA treatment significantly inhibited the phosphorylated expression of AKT and PI3K in the spleen tissues of EAMG rats. In EAMG rats, RT-qPCR results also showed that DHA reduced the mRNA expression levels of PI3K and AKT1. CONCLUSIONS: DHA ameliorated EAMG by inhibiting the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, regulating CD4+ T cells and modulating gut microbiota, providing a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of MG.

8.
Radiat Oncol ; 19(1): 91, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39020400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative radiotherapy can significantly reduce keloid recurrence. However, consensus on the optimal radiotherapy dose and treatment schedule remains elusive. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of surgery followed by a short-course of radiotherapy administered every other day for keloid treatment. MATERIALS/METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 498 patients with keloids treated at our institution between January 2010 and December 2017. All patients underwent electron beam irradiation at a dose of 16 Gy, delivered in four fractions every other day, starting within 24 h post-surgery. The primary endpoint of the study was the local control rate. RESULTS: A total of 130 (26.5%) keloids recurred after a median follow-up of 68.1months (42.6-129.9 months). The local control rates at 1 year, 3 years and 5 years for all patients were 89.5%, 82.5% and 81%, respectively. The highest recurrence rate was observed in keloids located in the chest region (50.8%), followed by the suprapubic (47.8%), head and neck (38.8%), limbs (33.3%) and ear (14%). Both multivariate and univariate analyses identified the presence of pain and or pruritus as an independently prognostic factor for keloid recurrence (p<0.0001). The local control rates at 1-year, 3-years and 5-years for patients with or without symptom of pain or pruritus were 45% vs. 98.8%, 12.5% vs. 95.9%, and 8.8% vs. 95%, respectively (HR:37.829, 95%CI: 24.385-58.686, p<0.001). In the ear keloid subgroup, the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year local control rates for patients with pruritus were significantly lower than those without pain or pruritus (60.0% vs. 97.9%, 26.7% vs. 94.7%, 26.7% vs. 94.3%, HR:30.209, 95% CI:14.793-61.69, p<0.001). The same results were found in other location(p<0.001). During treatment and follow-up, two patients experienced infections, and one patient developed a cutaneous fibroblastoma. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a combination of surgery followed by short-course, every-other-day radiotherapy can yield satisfactory local control rates for keloids. Pain and or pruritus symptom was an independently prognostic factors for recurrence of keloid. To further validate these results, a prospective randomized controlled trial is recommended.


Assuntos
Queloide , Humanos , Queloide/radioterapia , Queloide/cirurgia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Adolescente , Resultado do Tratamento , Prognóstico , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Seguimentos , Recidiva
9.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2401619, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011810

RESUMO

Increased inflammatory responses and oxidative stress at the wound site following skin trauma impair healing. Furthermore, skin scarring places fibroblasts under severe mechanical stress and aggravates pathological fibrosis. A novel liposomal composite hydrogel is engineered for wound microenvironment remodeling, incorporating dual-loaded liposomes into gelatin methacrylate to create a nanocomposite hydrogel. Notably, tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are encapsulated in the hydrophobic and hydrophilic layers of liposomes, respectively. The composite hydrogel maintains porous nanoarchitecture, demonstrating sustainable THC and HGF release and enhanced mechanical properties and biocompatibility. This system effectively promotes cell proliferation and angiogenesis and attenuates apoptosis. It decreases the expression of the inflammatory factors by inhibiting the high-mobility group box /receptor for advanced glycation end product/NF-κB (HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB)pathway and increases macrophage polarization from M1 to M2 in vitro, effectively controlling inflammatory responses. It exhibits remarkable antioxidant properties by scavenging excess reactive oxygen species and free radicals. Most importantly, it effectively prevents scar formation by restraining the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß)/Smads pathway that downregulates associated fibrotic factors. It demonstrates strong therapeutic effects against inflammation and fibrosis in a rat skin wound model with biosafety, advancing the development of innovative hydrogel-based therapeutic delivery strategies for clinical scarless wound therapy.

10.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948702

RESUMO

Wilms tumor is the most common kidney cancer in children, and diffusely anaplastic Wilms tumor is the most chemoresistant histological subtype. Here we explore how Wilms tumor cells evade the common chemotherapeutic drug actinomycin D, which inhibits ribosomal RNA biogenesis. Using ribosome profiling, protein arrays, and a genome-wide knockout screen, we describe how actinomycin D disrupts protein homeostasis and blocks cell cycle progression. We found that, when ribosomal capacity is limited by actinomycin D treatment, anaplastic Wilms tumor cells preferentially translate proteasome components and upregulate proteasome activity. Furthermore, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib sensitizes cells to actinomycin D treatment by inducing apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Lastly, we show that increased levels of proteasome components are associated with anaplastic histology and with worse prognosis in non-anaplastic Wilms tumor. In sum, maintaining protein homeostasis is critical for Wilms tumor proliferation, and it can be therapeutically disrupted by blocking protein synthesis or turnover.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38981775

RESUMO

Almost 16 % of the global population is affected by neurological disorders, including neurodegenerative and cerebral neuroimmune diseases, triggered by acute or chronic inflammation. Neuroinflammation is recognized as a common pathogenic mechanism in a wide array of neurological conditions including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, postoperative cognitive dysfunction, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and multiple sclerosis. Inflammatory process in the central nervous system (CNS) can lead to neuronal damage and neuronal apoptosis, consequently exacerbating these diseases. Itaconate, an immunomodulatory metabolite from the tricarboxylic acid cycle, suppresses neuroinflammation and modulates the CNS immune response. Emerging human studies suggest that itaconate levels in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid may serve as biomarkers associated with inflammatory responses in neurological disorders. Preclinical studies have shown that itaconate and its highly cell-permeable derivatives are promising candidates for preventing and treating neuroinflammation-related neurological disorders. The underlying mechanism may involve the regulation of immune cells in the CNS and neuroinflammation-related signaling pathways and molecules including Nrf2/KEAP1 signaling pathway, reactive oxygen species, and NLRP3 inflammasome. Here, we introduce the metabolism and function of itaconate and the synthesis and development of its derivatives. We summarize the potential impact and therapeutic potential of itaconate and its derivatives on brain immune cells and the associated signaling pathways and molecules, based on preclinical evidence via various neurological disorder models. We also discuss the challenges and potential solutions for clinical translation to promote further research on itaconate and its derivatives for neuroinflammation-related neurological disorders.

12.
Cancer Innov ; 3(3): e117, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947754

RESUMO

Background: Angiogenesis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The atypical mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MAPK4) has been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases. However, the potential role of MAPK4 in the tumor angiogenesis of NSCLC remains unclear. Methods: Adult male C57BL/6 wild-type mice were randomly divided into the control group and p-siMAPK4 intervention group, respectively. The cell proliferation was analyzed with flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining. The vascular density in tumor mass was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The expressions of MAPK4 and related signaling molecules were detected by western blot analysis and immunofluorescence staining, and so on. Results: We found that the expression of MAPK4, which was dominantly expressed in local endothelial cells (ECs), was correlated with tumor angiogenesis of NSCLC. Furthermore, MAPK4 silencing inhibited the proliferation and migration abilities of human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs). Global gene analysis showed that MAPK4 silencing altered the expression of multiple genes related to cell cycle and angiogenesis pathways, and that MAPK4 silencing increased transduction of the extracellular regulated protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway but not Akt and c-Jun n-terminal kinase pathways. Further analysis showed that MAPK4 silencing inhibited the proliferation and migration abilities of HUVECs cultured in tumor cell supernatant, which was accompanied with increased transduction of the ERK1/2 pathway. Clinical data analysis suggested that the higher expression of MAPK4 and CD34 were associated with poor prognosis of patients with NSCLC. Targeted silencing of MAPK4 in ECs using small interfering RNA driven by the CD34 promoter effectively inhibited tumor angiogenesis and growth of NSCLC in vivo. Conclusion: Our results reveal that MAPK4 plays an important role in the angiogenesis and development of NSCLC. MAPK4 may thus represent a new target for NSCLC.

13.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2024: 6623848, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947874

RESUMO

Purpose: To use hepatic uptake index (HUI) of liver lobes on gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to discriminate between patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis in compensated and decompensated statuses. Methods: Forty-four consecutive patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were divided into compensated and decompensated statuses based on clinical evaluation. Volume and signal intensity of individual lobes were retrospectively measured to calculate HUI of the right liver lobe (RHUI), medial (MHUI) and lateral (LHUI) left liver lobes, and caudate lobe (CHUI). Spearman's rank correlation analyses were performed to evaluate relationships of lobe-based HUI with Child-Pugh and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scoring system scores in compensated and decompensated statuses. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare the lobe-based HUI between compensated and decompensated statuses. The performance of lobe-based HUI in distinguishing cirrhosis was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated as a measure of accuracy. Delong's method was used for statistical analysis to elucidate which HUI is optimal. Results: Compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis were confirmed in 25 (56.82%) and 19 (43.18%) patients, respectively. According to Spearman's rank correlation analysis, RHUI, MHUI, LHUI, and CHUI were all significantly associated with Child-Pugh and MELD scores (all P values <0.05). Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated that among all lobe-based HUI parameters, RHUI could best perform the previous discrimination with a cut-off of 485.73 and obtain an AUC of 0.867. The AUC of RHUI improved and was significantly different from that of MHUI, LHUI, and CHUI (P = 0.03, P = 0.007, and P < 0.001, respectively, Delong's test). Conclusions: The RHUI could help quantitatively discriminate hepatitis B-related cirrhosis between compensated and decompensated statuses.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Cirrose Hepática , Fígado , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Gadolínio DTPA/farmacocinética , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Masculino , Meios de Contraste/farmacocinética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Curva ROC , Idoso , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Fundam Res ; 4(3): 575-588, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38933207

RESUMO

Induction of beige fat for thermogenesis is a potential therapy to improve homeostasis against obesity. ß3-adrenoceptor (ß3-AR), a type of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), is believed to mediate the thermogenesis of brown fat in mice. However, ß3-AR has low expression in human adipose tissue, precluding its activation as a standalone clinical modality. This study aimed at identifying a potential GPCR target to induce beige fat. We found that chemerin chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1), one of the novel GPCRs, mediated the development of beige fat via its two ligands, chemerin and resolvin E1 (RvE1). The RvE1 levels were decreased in the obese mice, and RvE1 treatment led to a substantial improvement in obese features and augmented beige fat markers. Inversely, despite sharing the same receptor as RvE1, the chemerin levels were increased in obesogenic conditions, and chemerin treatment led to an augmented obese phenotype and a decline of beige fat markers. Moreover, RvE1 and chemerin induced or restrained the development of beige fat, respectively, via the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway. We further showed that RvE1 and chemerin regulated mTORC1 signaling differentially by forming hydrogen bonds with different binding sites of CMKLR1. In conclusion, our study showed that RvE1 and chemerin affected metabolic homeostasis differentially, suggesting that selectively modulating CMKLR1 may be a potential therapeutic target for restoring metabolic homeostasis.

15.
Mater Today Bio ; 26: 101103, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38933415

RESUMO

Photoaging, primarily caused by ultraviolet (UV) light, is the major factor in extrinsic skin aging. Existing anti-photoaging strategies mainly focus on early sun protection or repairing damaged skin, lacking a comprehensive treatment strategy. Therefore, this study developed a dressing that actively shields against UV radiation and repairs photoaged skin, offering double protection. This study utilized exosome-like nanovesicles derived from Olea europaea leaves (OLELNVs), enhancing them into a potent core biomaterial with high-dose effects and skin-friendly, non-cytotoxic inhibition of cell aging. These nanovesicles were incorporated into a cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) and tannic acid (TA) hydrogel with strong UV-absorbing properties, creating the OLELNVs@HA/TA hydrogel system. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that OLELNVs@HA/TA hydrogel can effectively reduce UV-induced skin damage and promote skin repair and regeneration. Additionally, RNA-seq and clustering analysis of miR168a-5p predicted targets revealed significant down-regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, mediating inflammatory aging responses. Overall, the OLELNVs@HA/TA hydrogel represents a novel dual-strategy approach for clinical application in combating photoaging.

16.
Insect Sci ; 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926942

RESUMO

Short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs) are ubiquitously distributed across diverse organisms and play pivotal roles in the growth, as well as endogenous and exogenous metabolism of various substances, including drugs. The expression levels of SDR genes are reportedly upregulated in the fenpropathrin (FEN)-resistant (FeR) strain of Tetranychus cinnabarinus. However, the functions of these SDR genes in acaricide tolerance remain elusive. In this study, the activity of SDRs was found to be significantly higher (2.26-fold) in the FeR strain compared to the susceptible strain (SS) of T. cinnabarinus. A specific upregulated SDR gene, named SDR112C1, exhibited significant overexpression (3.13-fold) in the FeR population compared with that in the SS population. Furthermore, the expression of SDR112C1 showed a significant increase in the response to FEN induction. Additionally, knockdown of the SDR112C1 gene resulted in decreased SDR activity and reduced mite viability against FEN. Importantly, heterologous expression and in vitro incubation assays confirmed that recombinant SDR112C1 could effectively deplete FEN. Moreover, the overexpression of the SDR112C1 gene in Drosophila melanogaster significantly decreased the toxicity of FEN to transgenic fruit flies. These findings suggest that the overexpression of SDR SDR112C1 is a crucial factor contributing to FEN tolerance in T. cinnabarinus. This discovery not only enhances our understanding of SDR-mediated acaricide tolerance but also introduces a new family of detoxification enzymes to consider in practice, beyond cytochrome P450s, carboxyl/choline esterases and glutathione S-transferases.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 474: 134829, 2024 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865924

RESUMO

Selective catalytic oxidation of the hazardous DMF exhaust gas presents a significant challenge in balancing oxidation activity and products selectivity (CO, NOx, N2, etc.). It is found that Cu/H-MOR demonstrates superior performance for DMF oxidation compared to CuO on other supports (γ-Al2O3, HY, ZSM-5) in terms of product selectivity and stability. The geometric and electronic structures of CuO active sites in Cu/H-MOR have been regulated by CeO2 promoter, leading to an increase in the ratio of active CuO (highly dispersed CuO and Cu+ specie). As a result, the oxidation activity and stability of the Cu/H-MOR catalyst were enhanced for DMF selective catalytic oxidation. However, excessive CuO or CeO2 content led to decreased N2 selectivity due to over-high oxidation activity. It is also revealed that Ce3+ species, active CuO species, and surface acid sites play a critical role in internal selective catalytic reduction reaction during DMF oxidation. The 10Cu-Ce/H-MOR (1/4) catalyst exhibited both high oxidation activity and internal selective catalytic reduction activity due to its abundance of active CuO specie as well as Ce3+ species and surface acid sites. Consequently, the 10Cu-Ce/H-MOR (1/4) catalyst demonstrated the widest temperature window for DMF oxidation with high N2 selectivity. These findings emphasize the importance of surface active sites modification for DMF selective catalytic oxidation.

18.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 342, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890721

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication in patients with severe burns and has a complex pathogenesis and high morbidity and mortality rates. A variety of drugs have been identified in the clinic for the treatment of ALI, but they have toxic side effects caused by easy degradation in the body and distribution throughout the body. In recent years, as the understanding of the mechanism underlying ALI has improved, scholars have developed a variety of new nanomaterials that can be safely and effectively targeted for the treatment of ALI. Most of these methods involve nanomaterials such as lipids, organic polymers, peptides, extracellular vesicles or cell membranes, inorganic nanoparticles and other nanomaterials, which are targeted to reach lung tissues to perform their functions through active targeting or passive targeting, a process that involves a variety of cells or organelles. In this review, first, the mechanisms and pathophysiological features of ALI occurrence after burn injury are reviewed, potential therapeutic targets for ALI are summarized, existing nanomaterials for the targeted treatment of ALI are classified, and possible problems and challenges of nanomaterials in the targeted treatment of ALI are discussed to provide a reference for the development of nanomaterials for the targeted treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Queimaduras , Nanoestruturas , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Pulmão , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanopartículas/química
19.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895220

RESUMO

BIT is a novel Bayesian hierarchical model capable of predicting transcriptional regulators (TRs) from the input of user-provided epigenomic regions. TRs are critical molecules in transcriptional regulation. Many diseases and cancers are linked to the dysfunction of TRs. Knowing TRs in certain biological process can help find new biomarkers or therapeutic targets. Thus, BIT formulates a novel Bayesian hierarchical model with the Pólya-gamma data augmentation strategy. Based on collected ChIP-seq datasets, BIT can identify TRs responsible for the genome-wide binding pattern within the user-provided epigenomic regions. BIT has been validated by using a simulation study and three applications.

20.
Adv Mater ; : e2403743, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862115

RESUMO

Semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered as the most promising channel material to construct ultrascaled field-effect transistors, but the perfect sp2 C─C structure makes stable doping difficult, which limits the electrical designability of CNT devices. Here, an inner doping method is developed by filling CNTs with 1D halide perovskites to form a coaxial heterojunction, which enables a stable n-type field-effect transistor for constructing complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor electronics. Most importantly, a quasi-broken-gap (BG) heterojunction tunnel field-effect transistor (TFET) is first demonstrated based on an individual partial-filling CsPbBr3/CNT and exhibits a subthreshold swing of 35 mV dec-1 with a high on-state current of up to 4.9 µA per tube and an on/off current ratio of up to 105 at room temperature. The quasi-BG TFET based on the CsPbBr3/CNT coaxial heterojunction paves the way for constructing high-performance and ultralow power consumption integrated circuits.

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