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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(8)2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454565

RESUMO

The combined action of chloride and carbonation generally accelerates chloride penetration in concrete. Plenty of studies have revealed a chloride maximum phenomenon in the chloride profiles of concrete under wetting and drying cycles, which affects the accuracy of the service life prediction of concrete structures. Carbonation is probably one of crucial factors inducing chloride maximum phenomena. To investigate the influence of carbonation on chloride distribution of concrete subjected to cyclic wetting-drying conditions, this study established a numerical model coupling carbonation effect, simulated chloride distribution at different carbonation degrees, and verified the simulation results with experimental results. The results show that a chloride peak appears in all predicted chloride profiles when carbonation effect is taken into account, and the higher the carbonation degree is, the more significant the chloride peak is. This demonstrates that carbonation can enhance the forming of chloride maximum phenomenon under cyclic wetting and drying. Moreover, the calculated results are highly consistent with the experimental results under different carbonation conditions, especially in terms of the peak chloride concentration and the corresponding depth. Furthermore, the significance degree of the chloride maximum phenomenon is closely related to some key parameters, such as CO2 concentration, environmental humidity, and temperature.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202116073, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415965

RESUMO

Photochemical regulation provides a promising approach for controlling enzyme activity on demand owing to its high spatiotemporal resolution. However, reversible regulation of the enzyme activity by light usually requires genetic mutations and covalent modifications of the target enzymes, which may lead to irreversible changes in the enzyme structure and subsequent loss of the enzymatic activity. Herein, we have developed a novel strategy based on a polymeric inhibitor-encapsulated enzyme, which noncovalently anchors the azobenzene-modified inhibitors to the enzyme active site, thereby achieving reversible control of the activity of native enzymes using light. As neither genetic mutation nor chemical modification of enzymes is required for this method, negligible loss of the enzymatic activity was observed for the encapsulated enzymes compared to their native counterparts. Thus, this approach has demonstrated a promising strategy for achieving reversible regulation of the activity of native enzymes.

3.
J Oncol ; 2022: 2750193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432533

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has revealed that delocalization of the transmembrane proteins, Claudin-1 and Claudin-7, to the cytoplasm and/or nucleus occurs in various tumors. However, their subcellular distribution in terms of the membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus and relationship with signaling pathways have not been elucidated during carcinogenesis. We first determined the expression of these proteins in the membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus using ImageJ software and automatically collected the immunohistochemical quantification of dysplasia (actinic keratosis (AK)), carcinoma in situ (CIS; Bowen's disease (BD)), and invasive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) for digital image analysis (DIA). The activity of p-ERK, p-AKT, and p-mTOR and their correlation with subcellular Claudin-1 and Claudin-7 were also performed. Finally, we validated Claudin-1 and Claudin-7 delocalization at the cytoplasm and nucleus in cultured human normal keratinocytes and cutaneous SCC cells. Claudin-1 and Claudin-7 were delocalized as revealed by membranous, cytoplasmic, and nuclear staining in sun-exposed skin, AK, BD, and SCC. In BD, both membranous and cytoplasmic Claudin-1 (nuclear Claudin-1 decrease but no significant difference) were higher than AK, while Claudin-7 almost had the opposite situation. In SCC, cytoplasmic and nuclear Claudin-1 (membranous Claudin-1 no significant difference) was lower than in AK and sun-exposed skin, while Claudin-7 had higher membranous and cytoplasmic but lower nuclear expression. Moreover, p-AKT and p-mTOR (but not p-ERK) were downregulated in the SCC. Subcellular Claudin-1 and Claudin-7 were not only correlated with each other, but also correlated with p-ERK in BD and p-AKT and p-mTOR in SCC. Together, these results imply the delocalization of Claudin-1 and Claudin-7 and their correlation with MAPK/ERK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathways in tumorigenesis and infiltration in cutaneous SCC.

4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 800452, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35252027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in immunocompetent infants with pertussis, based on polymerase chain reaction in plasma and broncho alveolar lavage (BAL), and to assess the clinical characteristics and outcomes for these patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational cohort study of consecutive infants with pertussis in Children's Hospital of Soochow University between Jan 2017 and Jan 2020. We report the burden of CMV PCR in plasma and BAL within this patient group, and evaluate associations between CMV infection and pertussis in these hospitalized infants. RESULTS: During the study period, 1,867 infants <1 years were evaluated for pertussis, 190 infants were diagnosed as pertussis. For the 190 pertussis patients, 38 (20.0%) patients had positive CMV PCR in plasma. CMV PCR in plasma had high sensitivity and specificity for CMV PCR in BAL (81.3% and 94.4%, respectively). Children with positive CMV PCR in plasma were 3.67 times more likely to present with severe disease (OR 3.67; CI 1.61-8.36). Comparisons of duration of hospital stay curves using the log-rank test statistic demonstrated that the relative risk of longer hospital stay of positive CMV PCR relative to negative CMV was 1.51 (95% CI: 1.05 to 2.14, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our study reported a high prevalence of CMV reactivation in immunocompetent infants with lower respiratory tract infection. The presence of CMV in plasma may be associated with an unfavorable outcome in infants with pertussis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Coqueluche , Criança , Citomegalovirus/genética , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Estudos Prospectivos , Coqueluche/complicações , Coqueluche/diagnóstico , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
5.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 6092808, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340911

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to estimate serum IL-17A and Claudin-1 levels, investigate their correlation, and evaluate their diagnostic significance as potential blood-based biomarkers in psoriasis. Methods: Serum IL-17A and Claudin-1 concentrations were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Statistical analyses were performed to determine differences in serum levels of IL-17A and Claudin-1, their bivariable correlation with psoriasis severity, as Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI), and their predictive abilities using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Significantly higher IL-17A and lower Claudin-1 levels were found in psoriasis (p < 0.05). PASI did not correlate significantly with either IL-17A or Claudin-1 in psoriasis and their subtypes. The only significant correlation between serum IL-17A and Claudin-1 was shown in late-onset psoriasis (r = 0.630, p = 0.028). ROC curve analysis indicated the serum IL-17A, serum Claudin-1, and combination of IL-17A and serum Claudin-1 for predicting psoriasis with the areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.951 (p < 0.0001), 0.709 (p = 0.0119), and 0.949 (p < 0.0001), respectively. Moreover, the potential role in distinguishing between early-onset and late-onset psoriasis: we obtained serum IL-17A, serum Claudin-1, and their combination AUC of 0.590 (p = 0.3126), 0.741 (p = 0.0045), and 0.741 (p = 0.0067), respectively. However, none of the serum IL-17A, serum Claudin-1, and their combination was well-performed discriminating mild psoriasis from moderate-to-severe psoriasis with AUC of 0.553 (p = 0.5596), 0.518 (p = 0.8539), and 0.559 (p = 0.5225), respectively. Conclusion: These preliminary results suggest that the serum Claudin-1 as a potential biomarker and the relationship and possible regulatory interactions between IL-17A and Claudin-1 in psoriasis are distinguishable by age of onset.


Assuntos
Claudina-1/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/sangue , Psoríase , Biomarcadores , Claudinas , Citocinas , Humanos , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/metabolismo
6.
EClinicalMedicine ; 46: 101349, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330802

RESUMO

Background: Because of the significant regional differences in the distribution of allergens, the relationship between anaphylaxis and allergic sensitization is complex in China. Using this large-scale epidemiologic survey, we explore the potential patterns of sensitization to common allergens in mainland China and investigate their relationship with various clinical symptoms. Method: The participants were recruited from 13 medical centers in mainland China from October 2019 to June 2021. Skin prick test (SPT) results that cover 18 common allergens were utilized to diagnose atopic sensitization. The demographic characteristics and clinical information were collected through questionnaires during routine medical follow-up. Latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to determine the optimal sensitization patterns. The logistic regression was used to assess the associations of different sensitization patterns with allergy symptoms. Findings: A total of 1089 patients who had a positive SPT to at least one of 18 allergens were included for formal analysis. An optimal LCA model with 4 classes was obtained in this study, and the corresponding labels were as follows: Class1, house dust mite sensitization; Class2, low pollen sensitization; Class3, middle pollen sensitization; Class4, high pollen sensitization. The prevalence of different classes varied widely in geographical distribution, which was characterized by Class1 being very common in south and east as well as Class2 in north and west of China. Compared with patients in Class1, those in middle and high pollen sensitization clusters had the higher odds ratios (ORs) of allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis when controlling for other confounders. However, there was no significant difference between low pollen sensitization and house dust mite sensitization groups in the risks for various clinical performances except dermatitis. Additionally, the adjusted ORs (95% confidence interval) of allergic conjunctivitis and dermatitis for participants in pollen sensitization clusters (Class2, 3 and 4) were 1.56 (1.18, 2.06) and 1.43 (1.09, 1.88) respectively compared with those in Class1. Interpretation: In this study, we identified four sensitization clusters with specific risks of various clinical symptoms using common allergens by adopting LCA. Our findings may contribute to improved diagnosis and potential immunotherapy approaches to allergy in mainland China. Funding: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81802076 and 81871736), the Guangzhou Science and Technology Foundation (202102010327), the Foundation of SKLRD (MS-2019-06 and Z-2022-09), and the Foundation of GYYY (ZH201904) and ZNSA-2020012.

7.
Virol J ; 19(1): 49, 2022 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305698

RESUMO

The newly identified Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has resulted in a global health emergency (COVID-19) because of its rapid spread and high mortality. Since the virus epidemic, many pathogenic mechanisms have been revealed, and virus-related vaccines have been successfully developed and applied in clinical practice. However, the pandemic is still developing, and new mutations are still emerging. Virus pathogenicity is closely related to the immune status of the host. As innate immunity is the body's first defense against viruses, understanding the inhibitory effect of SARS-CoV-2 on innate immunity is of great significance for determining the target of antiviral intervention. This review summarizes the molecular mechanism by which SARS-CoV-2 escapes the host immune system, including suppressing innate immune production and blocking adaptive immune priming. Here, on the one hand, we devoted ourselves to summarizing the combined action of innate immune cells, cytokines, and chemokines to fine-tune the outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the related immunopathogenesis. On the other hand, we focused on the effects of the SARS-CoV-2 on innate immunity, including enhancing viral adhesion, increasing the rate of virus invasion, inhibiting the transcription and translation of immune-related mRNA, increasing cellular mRNA degradation, and inhibiting protein transmembrane transport. This review on the underlying mechanism should provide theoretical support for developing future molecular targeted drugs against SARS-CoV-2. Nevertheless, SARS-CoV-2 is a completely new virus, and people's understanding of it is in the process of rapid growth, and various new studies are also being carried out. Although we strive to make our review as inclusive as possible, there may still be incompleteness.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Antivirais/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata
8.
Environ Pollut ; 303: 119126, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307497

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) have become a global concern as a key environmental pollutant. MPs are widely found in oceans, rivers, bottled water, plastic-packaged foods, and toiletries. The ocular surface is the exposed mucosal tissue, which comes in contact with MP particles contained in toiletries, tap water, cosmetics, and air. However, the effects of MPs on ocular surface health are still unclear. In this study, the toxic effects of polystyrene MPs (PS-MPs) on the ocular surface in vivo and in vitro were explored. The results demonstrated that 50 nm or 2 µm PS-MPs, following exposure for 48 h appeared in the cytoplasm of two kinds of eye cells in vitro and caused a concentration dependent reduction in cell viability, further causing oxidative stress and cell apoptosis. In addition, after treatment for 2 or 4 weeks, 50 nm and 2 µm PS-MPs were deposited in the conjunctival sac of mice. After 2 and 4 weeks of PS-MP treatment, the number of goblet cells in the lower eyelid conjunctival sac decreased to 65% and 40% of that in the control group, respectively. Moreover, dry eye like ocular surface damage and inflammation of conjunctiva and lacrimal gland in mice were observed. In conclusion, this study revealed that PS-MPs could cause ocular surface dysfunctions in mice, thus providing a new perspective for the toxic effects of MPs on ocular surface.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Camundongos , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Plásticos/toxicidade , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
10.
Front Public Health ; 10: 773172, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35186834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rising rapidly worldwide, but there are scant empirical data on the association between diet and diabetes in Southwest China. METHODS: In this prospective community-population cohort study from Guizhou Province, China since 2010, 7,023 eligible adults were included. Dietary information was obtained by face-to-face interviews with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis. The hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated for the associations between various dietary patterns and incident T2D risk by cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: Until 2020, a total of 749 new T2D cases were identified during the average follow-up of 7.05 years and the incidence was 14.75/1,000 person-years. Two main dietary patterns from the food frequency questionnaire were identified by factor analysis, i.e., vegetable-grain pattern and junk food pattern. In the multivariate analysis, 28 and 20% lower risks of T2D were observed at the low intake of junk food pattern (HR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.87) and the high intake of vegetable-grain pattern (HR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.67, 0.95) after adjustment for potential confounding factors, compared with the medium intake of such patterns, respectively. Positive linear relationships were found between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) at follow-up and its change with junk food pattern, while there were inverse linear associations with vegetable-grain pattern. CONCLUSION: Higher adherence to vegetable-grain patterns and lower adherence to junk food patterns significantly lowered T2D incidence among the population in Southwest China. Moving toward a healthier dietary model deserves more attention to develop interventions for the prevention of T2D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Verduras
11.
BMC Urol ; 22(1): 14, 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35109849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The important role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer has been demonstrated in many studies. Prostate cancer gene expression marker 1 (PCGEM1) is a lncRNA specifically expressed within the prostate and overexpressed in many cancer cells. Numerous studies have shown that PCGEM1 promotes cell proliferation, invasion and migration. However, the specific mechanism of PCGEM1 within prostate cancer (PCa) has not been elucidated. MicroRNA-506-3p (miR-506-3p) is a noncoding RNA, and studies have indicated that miR-506-3p is downregulated in prostate cancer cell lines and functions as a tumor suppressor. METHODS: The TCGA (GEPIA) database ( http://gepia.cancer-pku.cn/ ) was employed to measure PCGEM1 levels in PCa. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the PCGEM1 gene level. CCK-8 (Cell Counting Kit-8) and colony formation assays were used to detect cell proliferation, and Transwell assays were applied to assess cell invasion and migration. The interacting ability of miR-506-3p with PCGEM1 or TRIAP1 was validated through a dual-luciferase reporter assay. TRIAP1 protein expression was detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: PCGEM1 expression was increased in PCa tissues and cells. In PCa tissues, High PCGEM1 expression was associated with high Gleason score, distant metastasis and extracapsular extension. In addition, PCGEM1 knockdown inhibited PCa cell (C4-2B and PC-3) proliferation, invasion and migration. miR-506-3p may interact with PCGEM1 or TRIAP1, and the suppressive effect of PCGEM1 knockdown was reversed when TRIAP1 or a miR-506-3p inhibitor was cotransfected. CONCLUSION: PCGEM1 expression increased in PCa cells and tissues, enhancing PCa cell proliferation, migration and invasion by sponging miR-506 to upregulate TRIAP1.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
Food Chem ; 384: 132368, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196593

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of protein oxidation on the thermal gelation of chicken breast myofibrillar proteins (MPs) was investigated. MP samples treated with different degrees of oxidation were heated (1.5 °C/min) to different end-point temperatures to simulate the thermal gelation process. The results showed that the water-holding capacity (WHC) significantly decreased with increasing temperature, and higher oxidation degree resulted in worse WHC of heat-induced gel. Compared with high degrees of oxidation, low degrees of MP oxidation reduced the migration of immobile water, inhibited its release as free water, enhanced WHC and favored the formation of ß-sheet and ß-turn structures. Therefore, low oxidation promoted the formation of ß-sheet and ß-turn structures to form a better gel microstructure with less formation of free water on the thermal gelation and therefore increased the WHC. High oxidation was just the opposite, and high temperature aggravated this negative effect.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Proteínas Musculares , Animais , Galinhas/metabolismo , Géis/química , Proteínas Musculares/química , Miofibrilas/química , Oxirredução , Água/química
13.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-12, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35225106

RESUMO

Retinoic acid (RA) is the most biologically active metabolite of vitamin A and is important for stomach physiological function. However, little is known about the metabolic status of RA in human gastric lesions. From 2015 to 2018, 1,392 local residents in Lujiang County were recruited into a cross-sectional survey program, which included a questionnaire interview and blood collection. We detected the mRNA and protein expression of RA metabolism-relevant factors in gastric tissues from 68 local patients with gastric lesions. The effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) supplementation were investigated in a gastric precancerous lesions (GPLs) rat model. In the cross-sectional survey, no significant differences in the level of RA precursor (P > 0.05) between the H. pylori seronegative and seropositive residents were observed. However, the mRNA and protein expression of RA synthesizing enzymes (RDH10 and ALDH1A1) were significantly decreased and catabolic enzyme (CYP26B1) was significantly increased in the patients (P < 0.05). Consistently, in the GPL rat model, we observed a similar disorder; however, ATRA supplementation significantly not only corrected the disorder by increasing Rdh10, Aldh1a1 and decreasing Cyp26b1, but also reduced claudin-18 (P < 0.05). Our study suggested that RA metabolism is disrupted in individuals with gastric lesions, while ATRA supplementation can prevent GPL from progressing to gastric cancer.

14.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 8392683, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35083028

RESUMO

College physical education elective course is the last physical education course for college students. It also plays an irreplaceable positive role in the formation of College Students' lifelong physical education. Table tennis, as China's national ball, is of great significance to enhance the physique of elective courses. As an elective course of college physical education, table tennis is widely loved by college students. It is a very popular course in college physical education elective courses. This paper discusses the influence of table tennis on health. This paper puts forward the reform scheme of teaching plan design of table tennis elective course in colleges and universities, which has a certain reference value for the development of College Physical Education in China.


Assuntos
Tênis , China , Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento , Estudantes , Universidades
15.
J Fluoresc ; 32(2): 783-789, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35091908

RESUMO

Selective and sensitive water content measurement in organic solvents is extremely significant for both industrial use and laboratory preparation. Carbon nanodots are promising carbon nanomaterials with unique and novel properties and thus have drawn growing attention. However, the hydrothermal approach for the preparation of carbon dots always uses water as solvent, and consequently, the development of carbon dots from biomass materials for fluorescence detection of water content remains unexplored. Here, carbon dots were prepared from gallic acid via a cheap and facile one-step method. The as-prepared carbon dots present excellent sensitivity and selectivity toward water content and exhibits good linear relationships with water content in range of 0-10%. The carbon dots demonstrated a strong antioxidation capacity and colour-reaction of Fe3+ like gallic acid. The carbon dots also showed solid-state lighting.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Carbono/química , Fluorescência , Pontos Quânticos/química , Água/química , Ácido Gálico/química
17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 267(Pt 2): 120456, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653807

RESUMO

The consumption of food infected with food-borne pathogens has become a global public health problem. Therefore, it is monitor food-borne infections to avoid health and financial consequences. The rapid detection and differentiation of bacteria for biomedical and food safety applications continues to be a significant challenge. Herein, we present a label-free surface-enhanced Raman scattering approach for separating harmful bacteria from food. The method relies on the ascorbic acid reduction method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) multi-hole filter membrane chip (AgNPs@PDMS multi-hole filter membrane chip). Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was used, followed by multivariate statistical analysis to differentiate five important food-borne pathogens, including Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium difficiles and Clostridium perfringens. The results demonstrated that compared to normal Raman signals, the intensity of the SERS signal was greatly enhanced with an analytical enhancement factor of 5.2 × 103. The spectral ranges of 400-1800 cm-1 were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) and stepwise linear discriminant analysis (SWLDA) were used to determine the optimal parameters for the discrimination of food-borne pathogens. The first three principal components (PC1, PC2, and PC3) accounted for 87.3% of the total variance in the spectra. The established SWLDA model had 100% accuracy and cross-validation accuracy, which accurately distinguished the SERS spectra of the five species. In conclusion, the SERS technology based on the AgNPs@PDMS multi-hole filter membrane chip was useful for the rapid identification of food-borne pathogens and can be employed for food quality management.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Análise Espectral Raman , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Análise Discriminante , Prata
18.
Mol Plant ; 15(3): 468-487, 2022 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848346

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays) endosperm filling is coordinated with cell expansion to enlarge the grain size, but the mechanism coupling the two processes is poorly understood. Starchy endosperm cells basically contain no visible vacuoles for cell expansion. During grain filling, efficient synthesis of storage compounds leads to reduced cytoplasm and thus lowered cell turgor pressure. Although bioactive gibberellins (GAs) are essential for cell expansion, they accumulate at a low level at this stage. In this study, we identified an endosperm-specific GRAS domain-containing protein (ZmGRAS11) that lacks the DELLA domain and promotes cell expansion in the filling endosperm. The zmgras11 loss-of-function mutants showed normal grain filling but delayed cell expansion, thereby resulting in reduced kernel size and weight. Overexpression of ZmGRAS11 led to larger endosperm cells and therefore increased kernel size and weight. Consistent with this, ZmGRAS11 positively regulates the expression of ZmEXPB12, which is essential for cell expansion, at the endosperm filling stage. Moreover, we found that Opaque2 (O2), a central transcription factor that regulates endosperm filling, could directly bind to the promoter of ZmGRAS11 and activate its expression. Taken together, these results suggest that endosperm cell expansion is coupled with endosperm filling, which is orchestrated by the O2-ZmGRAS11-centered transcriptional regulatory network. Our findings also provide potential targets for maize yield improvement by increasing the storage capacity of endosperm cells.


Assuntos
Endosperma , Zea mays , Endosperma/genética , Endosperma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Amido/metabolismo , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/metabolismo
19.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 63(2): 239-248, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal ion channel currents caused by myocardial electrical remodeling is one of the main causes of malignant arrhythmias. Glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß) is the main therapeutic target following ischemia as it regulates nerve cell channels. However, few studies have investigated its role in myocardial electrical remodeling. The present study aimed to investigate the role of GSK-3ß in a rat myocardial infarction (MI)-induced electrical remodeling and potential effects on cardiac ionic channels including KCNJ2/Kir2.1/IK1. METHODS: Ligation of the left anterior descending artery in rats was performed to establish a MI model. The rats were randomly divided into three groups, the sham, MI, and MI + SB group. The animals in the latter group were administered SB216763 (GSK-3ß inhibitor) at a dose of 0.6 mg·kg-1·day-1. The ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography, electrocardiography, and histological analysis 7 days post-surgery. Serum was collected to measure lactate dehydrogenase and cardiac troponin I levels, and the mRNA and protein levels of the KCNJ2/Kir2.1/IK1 channel in the heart tissues were assessed. H9c2 cells were cultured to examine the effects of SB216763 on the protein expression of Kir2.1 channel under hypoxic conditions. RESULTS: The results revealed that SB216763 ameliorated acute cardiac injury and improved myocardial dysfunction. Moreover, SB216763 increased the mRNA and protein expression of Kir2.1 during MI. Furthermore, SB216763 treatment abrogated the decreased expression of Kir2.1 in H9c2 cells under hypoxic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: GSK-3ß inhibition upregulates Kir2.1 expression in a rat model of MI.


Assuntos
Indóis , Miocárdio , Animais , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Maleimidas/farmacologia , Ratos
20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 754131, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35372059

RESUMO

Primary intraosseous poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma is exceedingly rare. Here, we present a case of primary intraosseous poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma from the proximal femur in a 16-year-old girl. The case was initially misdiagnosed, but the correct diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was eventually confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization and next-generation sequencing. We review the literature pertaining to synovial sarcoma and show that this case is the second molecularly proven intraosseous poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma in the literature. Recognition of intraosseous synovial sarcoma composed of small round cells is imperative in order to avoid misdiagnosis of the tumor as Ewing sarcoma and other small round-cell tumors, all of which have markedly different clinical management.

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