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2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23206, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is one of the most prominent and serious neurological complications of infective endocarditis (IE). Our study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of higher level of plasma D-dimer on admission for the development of ischemic stroke in patients with IE. METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 173 consecutive patients with IE were recruited from January 2016 to December 2018. Plasma D-dimer and other clinical indexes of IE patients were measured after admission. The number of patients who developed ischemic stroke during 6-month follow-up was recorded, as well as the occurrence time of ischemic stroke. RESULTS: Ischemic stroke was observed in 38 (22%) patients during 6-month follow-up since definite diagnosis of IE. Patients with ischemic stroke had significantly higher levels of plasma D-dimer than those of patients without stroke (4982 vs 2205 µg/L, P < .001). In addition, Staphylococcus aureus infection (HR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.51-2.42), mitral valve vegetation (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.32-1.75), and higher levels of on-admission plasma D-dimer (HR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.27-1.43) were significantly associated with ischemic stroke. Moreover, D-dimer levels ≥3393 µg/L served as a strong predictor for ischemic stroke in patients with IE, and the sensitivity and specificity were 78% and 83%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that higher level of D-dimer on admission was an independent predictor for ischemic stroke in patients with IE. These patients may require special attention, in particular within the first trimester after IE diagnosis.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 124: 109883, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004938

RESUMO

Intestinal mucositis causes great suffering to cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Owing to the uncertain side effects of anticancer drugs to attenuate patients' intestinal mucositis, many studies focused on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Patchouli alcohol (PA) is an active compound extracted from Pogostemon cablin, and has potent gastrointestinal protective effect. However, whether PA has an effect on intestinal mucositis is still unknown. Therefore, we established a rat model of intestinal mucositis via intraperitoneal injection of 5-fluorouracil, and intragastrically administrated PA (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) to evaluate the effect of PA on intestinal mucositis. The routine observation (body weight, food intake, and diarrhea) in rats was used to detect whether PA had an effect on intestinal mucositis. Levels of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, and MPO), mucosal barrier proteins (zonula occludens -1 (ZO-1), claudin-1, occludin, myosin light chain (MLC), and mucin-2) and intestinal microbiota were determined to elucidate the underlying mechanism of PA action on intestinal mucositis in rats. The results showed that PA could effectively improve body weight, food intake, and diarrhea in intestinal mucositis rats, preliminary confirming PA efficacy. Further experiments revealed that PA not only decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and MPO but also increased the level of IL-10 significantly. In addition, the expression of mucosal barrier proteins and microbiota community were also improved after PA treatment in diseased rats. Hence, PA may prevent the development and progression of intestinal mucositis by improving inflammation, protecting mucosal barrier, and regulating intestinal microbiota.

4.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022245

RESUMO

Biological network construction for Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely used approach for simulating phenotypes and designing cell factories. However, due to a complicated regulatory mechanism governing the translation of genotype to phenotype, precise prediction of phenotypes remains challenging. Here, we present WM_S288C, a computational whole-cell model that includes 15 cellular states and 26 cellular processes and which enables integrated analyses of physiological functions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using WM_S288C to predict phenotypes of S. cerevisiae, the functions of 1140 essential genes were characterized and linked to phenotypes at five levels. During the cell cycle, the dynamic allocation of intracellular molecules could be tracked in real-time to simulate cell activities. Additionally, one-third of non-essential genes were identified to affect cell growth via regulating nucleotide concentrations. These results demonstrated the value of WM_S288C as a tool for understanding and investigating the phenotypes of S. cerevisiae.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944508

RESUMO

The lithium-ion capacitor (LIC) has attracted tremendous research interest because it meets both the requirement on high energy and power densities. The balance between effective surface areas and mass transport is highly desired to fabricate the optimized electrode material for LIC. Now, triple-shelled (3S) Nb2 O5 hollow multi-shelled structures (HoMSs) were synthesized for the first time through the sequential templating approach and then applied for the anode of LIC. The unique structure of HoMSs, such as large efficient surface area, hierarchical pores, and multiple shells, provides abundant reaction sites, decreases the electron transport resistance, and increases the diffusion rate for ion transport. In this case, the best combination performance has been achieved among all the reported Nb2 O5 -based materials, which delivered an excellent energy and power densities simultaneously, and superb cycling stability.

6.
Planta Med ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975362

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. Nevertheless, no first-line therapy exists. Hepatic steatosis is the earliest stage of NAFLD, which is characterized by an accumulation of hepatic lipids. Patchouli oil (PO), which is isolated from the well-known Chinese herb named Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Lamiaceae), inhibits hepatic lipid accumulation effectively. However, its potential ability for the treatment of NAFLD had not been reported before. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of PO against hepatic steatosis and its underlying mechanisms. We used a high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis model of rats to estimate the effect of PO against NAFLD. Hematoxylin-eosin and oil red O staining were used to analyze the hepatic histopathological changes. ELISA, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting analysis were applied to evaluate the parameters for hepatic steatosis. Our results showed that PO significantly attenuated the lipid profiles and the serum enzymes, evidenced by quantitative and histopathological analyses. It also markedly down-regulated the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREPB-1c) with its downstream factors in de novo lipogenesis. And, likewise, in lipid export by very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), related molecules were dramatically improved. Furthermore, PO observably normalized the aberrant peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) signal in fatty acids oxidation. In conclusion, PO exerted a preventing effect against HFD-induced steatosis and might be due to decrease de novo lipogenesis, promote export of lipids, as well as owing to improve fatty acids oxidation.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 713: 136589, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958725

RESUMO

The soil major component of clay plays an important role in governing the fate and transport of engineered nanomaterials (e.g., the most commonly used titanium dioxide nanoparticles; nTiO2) in the subsurface environments via forming nTiO2-clay aggregates. This research is designed to unravel the interplay of naturally-occurring bacteria (Escherichia coli) and phosphate on the transport and retention of nTiO2-kaolin aggregates in water-saturated porous media. Our results showed that nTiO2-nTiO2 homoaggregates and nTiO2-kaolin heteroaggregates dominated in the nTiO2-kaolin nanoaggregate suspension. Transport of nTiO2-kaolin aggregates was enhanced with the copresence of E. coli and phosphate, particularly at the low pH of 6.0. This effect is due to the greater adsorption of phosphate and thus the greater enhancement in repulsive interaction energies between aggregates and sand grains at pH 6.0 (vs. pH 9.0). The charged "soft layer" of E. coli cell surfaces changed the aggregation state and the heterogeneous distribution of nTiO2-kaolin aggregates, and subsequently stabilized the nTiO2-nTiO2 homoaggregates and nTiO2-kaolin heteroaggregates via TEM-EDX measurements and promoted the physical segregation between the aggregates (separation distance = 0.486 vs. 0.614 µm without vs. with the presence of E. coli) via 2D/3D AFM identifications, both of which caused greater mobility of nTiO2-kaolin aggregates with the presence of E. coli. Nonetheless, transport of nTiO2-kaolin aggregates was lower with the copresence of E. coli and phosphate vs. the singular presence of phosphate due to the competitive adsorption of less negatively charged E. coli (vs. phosphate) onto the aggregates. Taken altogether, our findings furnish new insights into better understanding the fate, transport, and potential risks of nTiO2 in real environmental settings (soil and sediment aquifer) where clay, bacteria, and phosphate ubiquitously cooccur.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 703: 134487, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726294

RESUMO

Hydrochar, a solid hydrate with a high energy density, is produced by hydrothermal carbonization of lignocellulosic biomass and is widely applied in agriculture as a soil amendment. The fate and transport of hydrochar when applied to soil need to be investigated. The major components of soil, clay and phosphate, likely interact with hydrochar in the subsurface. This study investigated the cotransport behavior of hydrochar and diatomite (D) through water-saturated quartz sand in the presence of montmorillonite (M) and/or phosphate in NaCl (1-50 mM) solutions at pH 6.0 and 9.0. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and zeta potential (ZP) results showed that hydrochar-D nanoaggregates formed preferentially due to surface charge heterogeneity. M inhibited the transport of hydrochar-D in sand columns regardless of the solution pH mainly because the organo-mineral clusters of hydrochar-D with M were prone to filling the pores of the sand medium. Moreover, fine M particles preferentially attached to sand could decrease the ZP of the sand surface and subsequently decrease the repulsive forces between hydrochar-D and sand. The copresence of M and phosphate slightly facilitated hydrochar-D transport at pH 6.0 due to phosphate adsorption, whereas a negligible effect on transport occurred at pH 9.0. Thus, phosphate played a predominant role in the transport of hydrochar when clays were also present. A two-site kinetic retention model suggested that k1d/k1 and k2 are responsible for hydrochar-clay aggregate deposition in sand. Our findings relate to the potential risks posed by hydrochar in subsurface soils and aquifers where clay and phosphate ubiquitously co-occur.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112519, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883475

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pogostemon cablin, commonly named "Guang-Huo-Xiang" in China, has long been renowned for its ability to dispel dampness and regulate gastrointestinal functions. Patchouli oil (P.oil), the major active fraction of Pogostemon cablin, has been traditionally used as the principal component of Chinese medicinal formulae to treat exterior syndrome and diarrhea. However, the effects of P.oil in treating 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal mucositis have not yet been reported. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective effects of P.oil against 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with 5-FU (30 mg/kg) to establish an intestinal mucositis model. Meanwhile, rats with intestinal mucositis were orally administered with P.oil (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg). Histological analysis, ELISA (for detecting inflammatory cytokines and aquaporins), immunohistochemistry analysis (for examining caspases), qRT-PCR analysis (for assessment tight junctions), and western blotting analysis (for the assessment of TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 and VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway-related proteins) were performed to estimate the protective effects of P.oil against intestinal mucositis and the mechanisms underlying these effects. RESULTS: The histopathological assessment preliminarily exhibited that P.oil alleviated the 5-FU-induced damage to the intestinal structure. After P.oil administration, the elevation of the expression of cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-13) decreased markedly and the activation of NF-κB and MAPK signaling was significantly inhibited. P.oil also increased the mRNA expression of ZO-1 and Occludin, thereby stabilizing intestinal barrier. In addition, P.oil decreased the expressions of caspase-8, caspase-3, and Bax, and increased the expression of Bcl-2, thereby reducing the apoptosis of the intestinal mucosa. These results were closely related to the regulation of the TLR2/TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway. It has been indicated that P.oil possibly protected the intestinal barrier by reducing inflammation and apoptosis. Furthermore, this study showed that P.oil inhibited the abnormal expression of AQP3, AQP7, and AQP11 by regulating the VIP-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway. Furthermore, it restored the intestinal water absorption, thereby alleviating diarrhea. CONCLUSIONS: P.oil ameliorated 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in rats via protecting intestinal barrier and regulating water transport.

11.
Front Genet ; 10: 1213, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824582
12.
Chemosphere ; 245: 125637, 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864951

RESUMO

Limited studies have demonstrated the environmental concerns of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the rivers flowing through the rapidly urbanizing areas. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution, major sources and ecological risks of PFCs in the surface water samples, collecting from the Guanlan River, Shenzhen, China. The concentrations of ∑PFCs ranged from 11.3 to 384 ng/L, with a mean value of 81.8 ng/L in the dry season, and ranged from 6.90 to 619 ng/L, with a mean value of 339 ng/L in the wet season. Short-chain PFCs such as perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) and perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) were detected as the predominant compounds. Further, the spatiotemporal distribution revealed significantly higher levels of PFCs in the wet season than those in the dry season, and relatively higher levels in the tributaries than those in the mainstream. Source apportionment highlighted the industrial discharges, domestic wastewater, precipitation, and wastewater treatment plants as the major sources of PFCs. Moreover, the population density and associated urban sewage emissions observed as important indicators for PFCs uneven distribution in the area. The ecological risk assessment revealed perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTA, C14) posed high ecological risks to the aquatic organisms (especially for mysid) in the Guanlan River. Taken all together, this study not only unveiled the characteristics of PFCs contamination in the rapidly urbanizing catchment, but also provided the baseline data for policy makers to protect the ecological environment of the urban rivers in the rapidly growing area.

13.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772302

RESUMO

Social interaction and communication are evolutionary conserved behaviours that are developed in mammals to establish partner cognition. Deficit in sociability has been represented in human patients and animal models of neurodevelopmental disorders, which are connected with genetic variants of synaptic glutamate receptors and associated PDZ-binding proteins. However, it remains elusive how these key proteins are specialized in the cellular level for the initial social behaviour during postnatal developmental stage. Here we identify a hippocampal CA3 specifically expressed PDZ scaffold protein Lnx1 required for initial social behaviour. Through gene targeting we find that Lnx1 deficiency led to a hippocampal subregional disorder in neuronal activity and social memory impairments for partner discrimination observed in juvenile mice which also show cognitive defects in adult stage. We further demonstrate that Lnx1 deletion causes NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction and this is attributable to decreased GluN2B expression in PSD compartment and disruption of the Lnx1-NMDAR-EphB2 complex. Specific restoration of Lnx1 or EphB2 protein in the CA3 area of Lnx1-/- mice rescues the defective synaptic function and social memory. These findings thus reveal crucial roles of postsynaptic NMDAR multiprotein complex that regulates the formation of initial social memory during the adolescent period.

14.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(10): 1901-1913, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668037

RESUMO

To quickly and efficiently understand the intracellular metabolic characteristics of industrial microorganisms, and to find potential metabolic engineering targets, genome-scale metabolic network models (GSMMs) as a systems biology tool, are attracting more and more attention. We review here the 20-year history of metabolic network model, analyze the research status and development of GSMMs, summarize the methods for model construction and analysis, and emphasize the applications of metabolic network model for analyzing intracellular metabolic activity of microorganisms from cellular phenotypes, and metabolic engineering. Furthermore, we indicate future development trend of metabolic network model.


Assuntos
Microbiologia Industrial , Engenharia Metabólica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Modelos Biológicos , Biologia de Sistemas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética
15.
Opt Express ; 27(20): A1490-A1505, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684501

RESUMO

For photon-counting lidars, the classical theoretical rate of the noise photons reflected by the Earth's surface is under the assumption that the Earth's surface is a Lambert reflector, which is obviously not suitable for the water surface. In this paper, the specular reflection theorem is introduced to derive an analytical expression of noise photons arising from the water surface reflection. The verification uses the mean noise rate over water surface, calculated by the raw data photons measured by the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experiment Lidar (MABEL) near the East Coast in the North Carolina, USA. The measured result coincides well with the theoretical noise rate, as both of them equal to 8.4 kHz. In addition, the background noise model also indicates that the background noise rate over the land surface is one order of magnitude larger than that over the water surface, in certain conditions. Hence, a new method, based on the noise rates, is proposed for the Earth's surface type classification and it performs well in distinguishing all water surfaces from land surfaces in the coastal area. For space-borne or airborne photon-counting lidars, this paper not only fills the gap of theoretical rate of noise photons from the water surface but also provides a fast and effective method to classify the Earth's surface types. This method is also suitable for distinguishing ice and water in high-latitude sea-ice covered regions, which is the area of most interest of the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) mission.

16.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(24): 14222-14232, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722173

RESUMO

To elucidate the influence of long-range transported biomass burning organic aerosols (BBOA) on the Tibetan Plateau, the molecular compositions and light absorption of HUmic-Like Substances (HULIS), major fractions of brown carbon, were characterized during the premonsoon season. Under the significant influence of biomass burning, HULIS concentrations increased to as high as 26 times of the background levels, accounting for 54% of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) and 50% of organic carbon (OC). The light absorption of HULIS also enhanced up to 42 times of the background levels, contributing 61% of the WSOC absorption and 50% of OC absorption. Meanwhile, elevated nitrogen-containing compounds (NOCs) among HULIS were observed. The NOCs from fresh and aged BBOA were unambiguously identified on the molecular level, through comparing with the molecular compositions of NOCs from lab-controlled and field burning experiments. N-Heterocyclic bases represent major fractions in the reduced nitrogen compounds from fresh BBOA, and nitroaromatic compounds are important groups among the oxidized nitrogen compounds from aged BBOA. The nitrogen-containing compounds, including nitroaromatics and N-heterocyclic compounds, were also important chromophores, which contributed to the enhanced light absorption of extracted HULIS during biomass burning-influenced periods.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1134, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632274

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic hepatic disorder worldwide. The earliest stage of NAFLD is simple steatosis, which is characterized by the accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes. Inhibition of steatosis is a potential treatment for NAFLD. Patchouli alcohol (PA) is an active component of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Labiatae), which is a medicinal food in Asia countries and proved to possess hepatoprotective effect. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of PA against high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis in rats. In this study, male Sprague Dawley rats were fed a HFD for 4 weeks to induce NAFLD. Oral administration with PA significantly reduced pathological severity of steatosis in HFD-fed rats. It was associated with suppressing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and regulating very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism. Our data showed that PA treatment effectively attenuated ER stress by inhibiting the activation of protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), inositol-requiring transmembrane kinase/endoribonuclease 1 (IRE1), and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6). Moreover, PA decreased hepatic VLDL uptake by suppressing very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) expression. It also restored VLDL synthesis and export by increasing apolipoprotein B100 (apoB 100) secretion and microsomal triglyceride-transfer protein (MTP) activity. Taken together, PA exerted a protective effect on the treatment of NAFLD in HFD-fed rats and may be potential therapeutic agent acting on hepatic steatosis.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2947-2952, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602838

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to discuss the protective effect and mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharides( ASPs) on immunological liver injury caused by conanavalin A( Con A). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control group,model group( Con A),low-,medium-,and high-dose( 36. 25,72. 5,145 mg·kg~(-1)) ASPs groups,bifendate( 200 mg·kg~(-1),positive drug) group and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate( PDTC,NF-κB inhibitor,200 mg·kg~(-1)) group. ASPs groups and bifendate group were given with corresponding drugs by ig administration once daily for 7 d. Control group,model group and PDTC group were given with normal saline by ig administration once daily for 7 d. After the last ig administration,PDTC was given in DTC group by iv administration( 200 mg·kg~(-1)); 0. 5 h after that,Con A( 20 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected via the tail vein to induce immunological liver injury in all the mice except normal control group. The mice were killed 8 h later and their liver tissues were collected for histopathological examination. The contents of nitric oxide( NO),superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),reduced glutathione( GSHPX),interleukin( IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor( TNF-α) in liver tissues were detected by kit assay. Western blot method was used to detect TNF-α,intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1( ICAM-1),inducible nitric oxide synthase( i NOS) and nuclear factor( NF-κB) protein expression in liver tissues. As compared with model group,ASPs not only could reduce the activity of MDA,NO,IL-1ß and TNF-α,but also increase the content of GSH-PX and SOD; at the same time,the protein expression levels of TNF-α,ICAM-1,i NOS and NF-κB were reduced in liver tissues; in addition,inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated,hepatocyte cytoplasm was loose and swollen,and nuclear condensation and staining were improved. ASPs has a protective effect on immunological liver injury,and the mechanism may be associated with regulating secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of adhesion factor through NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Eleutherococcus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos Cíclicos , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 20(4): 557-568, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583486

RESUMO

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the properties of porcine cartilage type II collagen scaffolds crosslinked with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide/N-hydroxy-succinamide (EDC/NHS) under different conditions. The porous EDC/NHS-crosslinked scaffolds were obtained through a two-step freeze-drying process. To determine the optimal crosslinking condition, we used different solvents and various crosslinking temperatures to prepare the scaffolds. Three crosslinking solutions were prepared with different solvents, photographs were taken with a flash in the darkroom, and light transmission was observed. Type II collagen was crosslinked on a horizontal shaker at a speed of 60 r/min according to the above grouping conditions, and then the structural change of the scaffold in each group was observed. To investigate the swelling ratio and the in vitro degradation of the collagen scaffold, tests were also carried out by immersion of the scaffolds in a PBS solution and digestion in type II collagenase, respectively. The influence of the scaffolds on the proliferation of chondrocytes was assessed by the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium colorimetric assay. The morphology of the crosslinked scaffolds cocultured with chondrocytes was characterized by a scanning electron microscope. The results proved that 75% alcohol and a crosslinking temperature of 37 °C are recommended. Collagen fibrils are more densely packed after crosslinking with EDC/NHS and have a more uniform structure than that of noncrosslinked ones. The EDC-crosslinked scaffolds possessed excellent mechanical property and biocompatibility.

20.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 29(6): 489-492, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584497

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate and discuss whether the transareola endoscopic surgery has similar outcome outcomes to open surgery in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHOD: A total of 102 patients with PTC were enrolled in this study. Among them, 53 patients were treated by transareola endoscopic surgery (endoscopic group) and 49 patients were treated by open surgery (open group). Some specific factors, including thyroglobulin (Tg), radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU), postoperative nuclide imaging in thyroid area, postoperative nuclide imaging of lymph nodes suspicious for metastasis (PNILNSM), etc. were analyzed and compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding body mass index (22.9±3.4 vs. 24.0±3.3, P=0.103), operation time (173.3±43.2 vs. 158.8±47.9 min, P=0.110), intraoperative blood loss (41.8±19.4 vs. 35.8±31.0 mL, P=0.251, P=0.251), tumor diameter (19.0±6.8 vs. 20.2±7.2 mm, P=0.400), and overall complications (11.3% vs. 10.2%, P=0.868). No significant difference was found in the specific factors between the 2 groups concerning RAIU-2h/24h (2.44±1.34 vs. 2.58±1.65%/2.83±3.75 vs. 2.35±3.44%, P=0.646/ P=0.506), number of dissected lymph nodes (4.4±1.4 vs. 4.6±1.5, P=0.595), Tg before radioiodine therapy (4.46±5.50 vs. 5.60±8.36; P=0.495), Tg after radioiodine therapy (1.03±1.93 vs. 1.11±1.61, P=0.812, P=0.812), postoperative nuclide imaging in thyroid area (1.76±1.50 vs. 2.19±1.85 cm, P=0.195), PNILNSM before radioiodine (none: 79.2% vs. 83.7%, P=0.566; central: 17.0% vs. 12.2%, P=0.653; lateral: 1.9% vs. 4.1%, P=0.450; central+lateral: 1.9% vs. 0%, P=1.000), and PNILNSM after radioiodine (none: 94.3% vs. 95.9%, P=0.111; central: 3.8% vs. 2.0%, P=1.000; lateral: 0 vs. 2.0%, P=0.480; central+lateral: 1.9% vs. 0%, P=1.000). CONCLUSIONS: Transareola endoscopic total thyroidectomy and central lymph nodes dissection are safe and effective. According to the evaluated postoperative specific factors, this technique achieves similar outcomes to open surgery in selected patients with PTC.

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