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1.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1387643, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962136

RESUMO

Pleurotus ostreatus is one of the most consumed mushroom species, as it serves as a high-quality food, favors a rich secondary metabolism, and has remarkable adaptability to the environment and predators. In this study, we investigated the function of two key reactive oxygen species producing enzyme NADPH oxidase (PoNoxA and PoNoxB) in P. ostreatus hyphae growth, metabolite production, signaling pathway activation, and immune responses to different stresses. Characterization of the Nox mutants showed that PoNoxB played an important role in the hyphal formation of the multicellular structure, while PoNoxA regulated apical dominance. The ability of P. ostreatus to tolerate a series of abiotic stress conditions (e.g., osmotic, oxidative, membrane, and cell-wall stresses) and mechanical damage repair was enhanced with PoNoxA over-expression. PoNoxB had a greater responsibility in regulating the polysaccharide composition of the cell wall and methyl jasmonate and gibberellin GA1 biosynthesis, and improved mushroom resistance against Tyrophagus putrescentiae. Moreover, mutants were involved in the jasmonate and GA signaling pathway, and toxic protein defense metabolite production. Our findings shed light on how the oyster mushroom senses stress signals and responds to adverse environments by the complex regulators of Noxs.

2.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 10(1): 129, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961119

RESUMO

The seeding amplification assay (SAA) has recently emerged as a valuable tool for detecting α-synuclein (αSyn) aggregates in various clinically accessible biospecimens. Despite its efficiency and specificity, optimal tissue-specific conditions for distinguishing Parkinson's disease (PD) from non-PD outside the brain remain underexplored. This study systematically evaluated 150 reaction conditions to identify the one with the highest discriminatory potential between PD and non-synucleinopathy controls using skin samples, resulting in a modified SAA. The streamlined SAA achieved an overall sensitivity of 92.46% and specificity of 93.33% on biopsy skin samples from 332 PD patients and 285 controls within 24 h. Inter-laboratory reproducibility demonstrated a Cohen's kappa value of 0.87 (95% CI 0.69-1.00), indicating nearly perfect agreement. Additionally, αSyn seeds in the skin were stable at -80 °C but were vulnerable to short-term exposure to non-ultra-low temperatures and grinding. This study thoroughly investigated procedures for sample preprocessing, seed amplification, and storage, introducing a well-structured experimental framework for PD diagnosis using skin samples.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1769, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the public knowledge regarding Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in Zhuhai, China, focusing on identifying knowledge gaps and the influence of demographic and health factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Zhuhai, China, from October to November 2022. A total of 1986 residents from 18 communities were selected employing stratified multi-stage equi-proportional sampling. Questionnaires covering general information and the Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Scale (ADKS) were investigated face-to-face. Ordinal multiclass logistic regression was applied to assess the relationship between AD awareness and demographic and health characteristics. RESULTS: The average ADKS score was 18.5 (SD = 3.36) in Zhuhai. The lowest awareness rates were observed in the "Symptoms" and "Caregiving" subdomains of ADKS, with rates of 51.01% and 43.78%, respectively. The correct rates for the 30 ADKS questions ranged from 16.62 to 92.6%, showing a bimodal pattern with clusters around 80% and 20%. Women (OR = 1.203, 95% CI: 1.009-1.435), individuals aged 60 years or older (OR = 2.073, 95% CI: 1.467-2.932), those living in urban areas (OR = 1.361, 95% CI: 1.117-1.662), higher average monthly household income per capita (OR = 1.641, 95% CI: 1.297-2.082), and without any neurological or mental disorders (OR = 1.810, 95% CI: 1.323-2.478) were more likely to have higher levels of awareness about Alzheimer's disease. CONCLUSIONS: Adults in Zhuhai show a limited knowledge of AD, particularly in the 'Symptoms' and 'Caregiving' subdomains. Upcoming health campaigns must focus on bridging the knowledge gaps in different subdomains of AD, especially among subgroups with lower awareness, as identified in our study.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1372547, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38957350

RESUMO

Background: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a frequent complication following a stroke, characterized by prolonged feelings of sadness and loss of interest, which can significantly impede stroke rehabilitation, increase disability, and raise mortality rates. Traditional antidepressants often have significant side effects and poor patient adherence, necessitating the exploration of more suitable treatments for PSD. Previous researchers and our research team have discovered that Botulinum Toxin A (BoNT-A) exhibits antidepressant effects. Therefore, our objective was to assess the efficacy and side effects of BoNT-A treatment in patients with PSD. Methods: A total of 71 stroke patients meeting the inclusion criteria were allocated to the two group. 2 cases were excluded due to severe neurological dysfunction that prevented cooperation and 4 cases were lost follow-up. Ultimately, number of participants in the BoNT-A group (n = 32) and Sertraline group (n = 33). Treatment efficacy was evaluated 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks post-treatment. Results: There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups (p > 0.05). Both groups exhibited comparable treatment efficacy, with fewer side effects observed in the BoNT-A group compared to the Sertraline group. BoNT-A therapy demonstrated significant effects as early as the first week (p < 0.05), and by the 12th week, there was a notable decrease in neuropsychological scores, significantly lower than the baseline level. The analysis revealed significant differences in measurements of the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) (F(770) = 12.547, p = 0.000), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) (F(951) = 10.422, p = 0.000), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) (F(1385) = 10.607, p = 0.000), and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) (F(1482) = 11.491, p = 0.000). Conclusion: BoNT-A treatment effectively reduces depression symptoms in patients with PSD on a continuous basis.

5.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 148: 102541, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39002312

RESUMO

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), primarily caused by Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), is a globally zoonotic disease with significant economic impacts. Plasma exosomes have been extensively used for investigating disease processes and exploring biomarkers. While mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic analysis of plasma exosomes has been employed for human tuberculosis (TB) studies, it has not yet been applied to bTB. Therefore, a comprehensive proteomic overview of plasma exosomes from M. bovis-infected cows is essential. In this study, we presented an extensive proteomic analysis of plasma exosomes from 89 M. bovis-infected cows across three farms, using data dependent acquisition (DDA) mode. Our analysis encompasses 239,894 spectra, 6,011 peptides and 835 proteins. The proteomic overview revealed both consistencies and differences among individual cows, supplements 595 proteins to the bovine exosome library, and enriches tuberculosis and related pathways. Additionally, six pathways were validated as immune response pathways, and three proteins (CATHL1, H1-1, and LCN2) were identified as potential indicators of bTB. This study is the first to investigate the exosome proteome of plasma from cows infected with M. bovis, providing a valuable dataset for exploring candidate bTB markers and understanding the mechanisms of host defense against M. bovis.

6.
Oncol Lett ; 28(3): 425, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39021735

RESUMO

During the progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), tumor growth, metastasis and treatment response heterogeneity are regulated by both the tumor itself and the tumor microenvironment (TME). The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the TME in RCC and construct a crosstalk network for clear cell RCC (ccRCC). An additional aim was to evaluate whether TNF receptor superfamily member 1A (TNFRSF1A) is a potential therapeutic target for ccRCC. Single-cell data analysis of RCC was performed using the GSE152938 dataset, focusing on key cellular components and their involvement in the ccRCC TME. Additionally, cell-cell communication was analyzed to elucidate the complex network of the ccRCC microenvironment. Analyses of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium databases were performed to further mine the key TNF receptor genes, with a particular focus on the prediction and assessment of the cancer-associated features of TNFRSF1A. In addition, following the silencing of TNFRSF1A using small interfering RNA in the 786-O ccRCC cell line, a number of in vitro experiments were conducted to further investigate the cancer-promoting characteristics of TNFRSF1A. These included 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation, Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, Transwell, cell cycle and apoptosis assays. The TNF signaling pathway was found to have a critical role in the development of ccRCC. Based on the specific crosstalk identified between TNF and TNFRSF1A, the communication of this signaling pathway within the TME was elucidated. The results of the cellular phenotype experiments indicated that TNFRSF1A promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of ccRCC cells. Consequently, it is proposed that targeting TNFRSF1A may disrupt tumor progression and serve as a therapeutic strategy. In conclusion, by understanding the TME and identifying significant crosstalk within the TNF signaling pathway, the potential of TNFRSF1A as a therapeutic target is highlighted. This may facilitate an advance in precision medicine and improve the prognosis for patients with RCC.

7.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39026806

RESUMO

Enzymatic therapy with nicotine-degrading enzyme is a new strategy in treating nicotine addiction, which can reduce nicotine concentrations and weaken withdrawal in the rat model. However, when O 2 is used as the electron acceptor, no satisfactory performance has been achieved with one of the most commonly studied and efficient nicotine-catabolizing enzymes, NicA2. To obtain more efficient nicotine-degrading enzyme, we rationally designed and engineered a flavoenzyme Pnao, which shares high structural similarity with NicA2 (RMSD = 1.143 Å) and efficiently catalyze pseudooxynicotine into 3-succinoyl-semialdehyde pyridine using O 2 . Through amino acid alterations with NicA2, five Pnao mutants were generated, which can degrade nicotine in Tris-HCl buffer and retained catabolic activity on its natural substrate. Nicotine-1'-N-oxide was identified as one of the reaction products. Four of the derivative mutants showed activity in rat serum and Trp220 and Asn224 were found critical for enzyme specificity. Our findings offer a novel avenue for research into aerobic nicotine catabolism and provides a promising method of generating additional nicotine-catalytic enzymes.

8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 6081, 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39030178

RESUMO

Freshwater scarcity and microplastics (MPs) pollution are two concerning and intertwined global challenges. In this work, we propose a "one stone kills two birds" strategy by employing an interfacial solar evaporation platform (ISEP) combined with a MPs adsorbent. This strategy aims to produce clean water and simultaneously enhance MPs removal. Unlike traditional predecessors, our ISEP generates condensed water free from MPs contamination. Additionally, the photothermally driven interfacial separation process significantly improves the MPs removal performance. We observed a removal ratio increase of up to 5.5 times compared to previously reported MPs adsorbents. Thus, our rationally-designed ISEP holds promising potential to not only mitigate the existing water scarcity issue but also remediate MPs pollution in natural water environments.

9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 708, 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39030483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: K. pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) mostly involves the right lobe. We present a case of K. pneumoniae caudate liver abscess with invasive liver abscess syndrome (ILAS) was rarely identified. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man with elevated glycated hemoglobin with chills, rigors and a fever of five days. The patient presented with tachycardia and fever. Physical examination revealed tenderness over the right abdomen was elicited. In particular, the inflammatory markers were markedly elevated, and computerized tomography (CT) showed pulmonary abscess, pulmonary embolism and caudate liver abscess. The patient's sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score was 10 points. Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated from sputum, urine and blood. With the suspicion of liver abscesses, ILAS and sepsis. The patient was successfully treated with antibiotics. He returned to close to his premorbid function. CONCLUSION: K. pneumoniae caudate liver abscess was rare. This is the first detailed report of K. pneumoniae caudate liver abscess with invasive liver abscess syndrome. Patients with cryptogenic K. pneumoniae liver abscess are advised to undergo an examination of intestinal barrier function. The study indicates that in patients with K. pneumoniae liver abscess, a caudate liver abscess size of ≤ 9.86 cm² may be characteristic of those suitable for conservative treatment of invasive liver abscess syndrome.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Infecções por Klebsiella , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Abscesso Hepático , Humanos , Masculino , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Klebsiella/diagnóstico , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Infecções por Klebsiella/complicações , Abscesso Hepático/microbiologia , Abscesso Hepático/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Hepático/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2404119, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005231

RESUMO

l-2-Hydroxyglutarate (l-2-HG) is a functionally compartmentalized metabolite involved in various physiological processes. However, its subcellular distribution and mitochondrial transport remain unclear owing to technical limitations. In the present study, an ultrasensitive l-2-HG biosensor, sfLHGFRH, composed of circularly permuted yellow fluorescent protein and l-2-HG-specific transcriptional regulator, is developed. The ability of sfLHGFRH to be used for analyzing l-2-HG metabolism is first determined in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293FT) and macrophages. Then, the subcellular distribution of l-2-HG in HEK293FT cells and the lower abundance of mitochondrial l-2-HG are identified by the sfLHGFRH-supported spatiotemporal l-2-HG monitoring. Finally, the role of the l-glutamate transporter SLC1A1 in mitochondrial l-2-HG uptake is elucidated using sfLHGFRH. Based on the design of sfLHGFRH, another highly sensitive biosensor with a low limit of detection, sfLHGFRL, is developed for the point-of-care diagnosis of l-2-HG-related diseases. The accumulation of l-2-HG in the urine of patients with kidney cancer is determined using the sfLHGFRL biosensor.

11.
Science ; 385(6704): eadm8762, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963845

RESUMO

Understanding how numerous quantitative trait loci (QTL) shape phenotypic variation is an important question in genetics. To address this, we established a permanent population of 18,421 (18K) rice lines with reduced population structure. We generated reference-level genome assemblies of the founders and genotyped all 18K-rice lines through whole-genome sequencing. Through high-resolution mapping, 96 high-quality candidate genes contributing to variation in 16 traits were identified, including OsMADS22 and OsFTL1 verified as causal genes for panicle number and heading date, respectively. We identified epistatic QTL pairs and constructed a genetic interaction network with 19 genes serving as hubs. Overall, 170 masking epistasis pairs were characterized, serving as an important factor contributing to genetic background effects across diverse varieties. The work provides a basis to guide grain yield and quality improvements in rice.


Assuntos
Epistasia Genética , Genoma de Planta , Oryza , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Oryza/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genes de Plantas , Genótipo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Fenótipo
12.
Nanoscale ; 16(28): 13562-13570, 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953142

RESUMO

Conductive bridge random access memory (CBRAM) devices exhibit great potential as the next-generation nonvolatile memory devices. However, they suffer from two major disadvantages, namely relatively high power consumption and large cycle-to-cycle and device-to-device variations, which hinder their more extensive commercialization. To learn how to enhance their device performance, kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations were employed to illustrate the variation of electroforming processes in nanomanipulated CBRAM devices by introducing an ion-blocking layer with scalable nanopores and tuning the microstructures of dielectric layers. Both the size of nanopores and the inhomogeneity of dielectric layers have significant impacts on the forming processes of conductive filaments. The dielectric layer with a high-content loose texture plus the scalable nanopore-containing ion-blocking layer leads to the formation of size-controlled and uniform filaments, which remarkably contributes to miniaturizable and stable CBRAM devices. Our study provides insights into nanomanipulation strategies to realize high-performance CBRAM devices, still awaiting future experimental confirmation.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993041

RESUMO

Oily wastewater threatens the environment and the human health. Membrane technology offers a simple and efficient alternative to separating oil and water. However, complex membrane modifications are usually employed to optimize the separation performance. In this research, we develop an extremely simple one-step method to in situ calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles onto a porous polyketone (PK) membrane via a nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS)-mineralization strategy. We utilized the unique chemical property of PK, which allows it to dissolve in a resorcinol aqueous solution. PK was mixed with tannic acid (TA) and calcium chloride (CaCl2) in a resorcinol aqueous solution to fabricate a casting solution. The activated membrane was cast and immersed into a sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) aqueous solution for taking the one-step NIPS-mineralization process. This proposed NIPS-mineralization mechanism comes to two conclusions: (i) the resulting membrane with comprehensive oleophobic properties and enhanced permeation flux for applications of oil/water separation with ultralow fouling and (ii) simplified the procedure to optimize the membrane performance using regular NIPS steps. The current work explores a one-step NIPS-mineralization technique that offers a novel approach to preparing membranes with highly efficient oil/water separation performance.

14.
Heliyon ; 10(13): e33203, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39027522

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma is a malignancy characterized by high mortality rates and unfavorable prognosis. However, the role of Leukotriene C4 Synthase (LTC4S) in lung cancer remains uninvestigated. Methods: The expression and prognostic value of LTC4S in LUAD were analyzed using the GEPIA online database. Subsequently, the function of LTC4S in lung cancer cells was examined through gain-of function experiments, using assays to evaluate tumor malignant behavior. Subcutaneous xenograft experiments in vivo was used for investigating the functions of LTC4S. Then, tumor hallmark pathways were analyzed by GSEA. Western blot assay was used to validate the impact of LTC4S on mTORC1 pathway. Finally, the correlation of mRNA and methylation of LTC4S were analyzed by cBioPortal. qRT-PCR, ChIP-qPCR and ChIP-Atlas were used to verify the regulation factors of LTC4S low expression in LUAD cells. Results: LTC4S presented significant decreased expression and favorable prognostic significance in LUAD. LTC4S was correlated with clinical stages in LUAD, which showed decreased expression gradually and significantly along with TNM stages. LTC4S-co-expressed genes were closely related to Ras signaling pathway, and MAPK signaling pathway. Overexpression of LTC4S inhibited cancer malignant phenotype and tumor growth in vitro and vivo. GSEA analysis and Western blot assay suggested low expression of LTC4S activated mTORC1 signaling pathway in LUAD. Moreover, the DNA methylation level of LTC4S in LUAD tissue was markedly elevated compared to normal tissue. The hypermethylation of the LTC4S promoter by DNMT3A leads to the decreased expression of LTC4S in LUAD. Conclusions: In conclusion, low expression of LTC4S serves as an unfavorable prognostic marker and the critical function of LTC4S in controlling the progression of LUAD. This highlights the promise for exploring the clinical benefits of manipulating LTC4S in LUAD targeted therapies.

15.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005390

RESUMO

We identified the role of a conserved hypothetical protein (SSA_0451) in S. sanguinis that is involved in the virulence of infective endocarditis. An in vitro whole blood killing assay and rabbit endocarditis model studies revealed that the SSA_0451 mutant (ΔSSA_0451) was significantly less virulent than the wild-type (SK36) and its complementation mutant (ΔSSA_0451C). The mechanism underlying the SSA_0451 mutant's reduced virulence in infective endocarditis was evidentially linked to oxidative stress and environmental stress. The genes related to the survival of S. sanguinis in an oxidative stress environment were downregulated in ΔSSA_0451, which affected its survival in blood. Our findings suggest that SSA_0451 is a novel IE virulence factor and a new target for drug discovery against IE.

16.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1367047, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835958

RESUMO

Introduction: Black tea, a beverage consumed worldwide, possesses favorable effects on gastrointestinal tract, including nourishing stomach and promoting digestion. Nevertheless, its specific effects on intestinal homeostasis remains inconclusive. Methods: We applied black tea to mice prior to inducing colitis with DSS and then monitored their body weight and disease activity index (DAI) daily. When sacrificed, we measured intestinal permeability and conducted analyses of mucin and tight junction proteins. We detected inflammatory cytokines, immune cells, and related inflammatory signaling pathways. In addition, the gut microbiota was analyzed through 16S rRNA sequencing, and the concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) were also measured. Results: The results showed that black tea-treated group significantly rescued the DSS-disrupted intestinal structure. It reduced the relative abundance of the pathogenic bacterium Turicibacter, while increased the abundance of beneficial bacteria norank_f_Muribaculaceae and restored the contents of SCFAs such as acetate, propionate, and butyrate. It also protected the intestinal barrier by reducing the levels of immune response-related factors (e.g., TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß) and increasing the expression of tight junction proteins (TJs) (e.g., ZO-1, occludin). Furthermore, black tea exhibited the capacity to suppress the expression of MMP-9 and ICAM-1, as well as to inhibit the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Discussion: Our findings provide a theoretical framework that elucidates the mechanisms by which black tea preserves intestinal homeostasis, highlighting its potential as a preventive strategy against intestinal disruptions. This study contributes to the understanding of the dietary effects of black tea on gastrointestinal health.

17.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101488, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840721

RESUMO

Developing a rapid detection method of Cr(VI) and ascorbic acid (AA) is vital in the food and environmental fields. Herein, an anthrylimidazole-based fluorescent ionic liquid (AI-FIL) with the advantageous fluorescent properties was successfully prepared and used to construct a promising "on-off-on" fluoroprobe for rapid/sensitive Cr(VI) and AA detection. Cr(VI) could effectively quench the fluorescence of AI-FIL owing to the inner-filter effect and photoinduced electron-transfer process. However, the decreased fluorescence could be rapidly recovered by AA owing to the redox reaction between AA and Cr(VI). For Cr(VI) detection, a satisfactorily linear response (0.03-300 µM) was achieved with the corresponding detection limit of 9 nM. For AA detection, a good linearity from 1 to 1000 µM was obtained with the resultant detection limit of 0.3 µM. Moreover, the AI-FIL based fluoroprobe was successfully utilized for Cr(VI) and AA detection in food and water samples with satisfactory accuracy and precision.

18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4293, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858360

RESUMO

Membrane proteins are critical to biological processes and central to life sciences and modern medicine. However, membrane proteins are notoriously challenging to study, mainly owing to difficulties dictated by their highly hydrophobic nature. Previously, we reported QTY code, which is a simple method for designing water-soluble membrane proteins. Here, we apply QTY code to a transmembrane receptor, histidine kinase CpxA, to render it completely water-soluble. The designed CpxAQTY exhibits expected biophysical properties and highly preserved native molecular function, including the activities of (i) autokinase, (ii) phosphotransferase, (iii) phosphatase, and (iv) signaling receptor, involving a water-solubilized transmembrane domain. We probe the principles underlying the balance of structural stability and activity in the water-solubilized transmembrane domain. Computational approaches suggest that an extensive and dynamic hydrogen-bond network introduced by QTY code and its flexibility may play an important role. Our successful functional preservation further substantiates the robustness and comprehensiveness of QTY code.


Assuntos
Histidina Quinase , Proteínas de Membrana , Solubilidade , Água , Água/química , Água/metabolismo , Histidina Quinase/metabolismo , Histidina Quinase/química , Histidina Quinase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Engenharia de Proteínas , Domínios Proteicos
19.
Exp Gerontol ; 193: 112480, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of interleukins in sarcopenia development has been acknowledged, yet the specifics of their involvement remain to be fully understood. This study aimed to explore alterations in interleukin levels among sarcopenia patients. METHODS: Searches were conducted in Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Library for literature published up to May 2023. Eligible observational studies with a diagnosis of sarcopenia were included. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was utilized for quality assessment. For data synthesis, a random-effects model was used, and the Mantel-Haenszel method was used for pooled estimates. RESULTS: Of the 7685 articles screened, 37 met the inclusion criteria. Statistically significant differences in the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-10 were detected in sarcopenia patients. Specifically, IL-1ß (95 % CI: 0.33 [0.12, 0.54], P < 0.05), IL-6 (95 % CI: 0.91 [0.59, 1.24], P < 0.05), and IL-10 (95 % CI: 0.11 [0.07,0.15], P < 0.05) were detected. However, no significant associations were found between serum IL-4 (95 % CI: 0.36 [-0.18, 0.42], P = 0.44), IL-8 (95 % CI: -1.05 [-3.06, 0.95], P = 0.3), IL-12 (95 % CI: -3.92 [-8.32,0.48], P = 0.08) or IL-17 (95 % CI: 0.22 [-2.43, 2.88], P = 0.87) and sarcopenia. Subgroup analysis showed no significant difference in IL-6 (95 % CI: -0.03 [-0.72, 0.66], P = 0.93) and IL-10 (95 % CI: 0.1 [-0.44, 0.64], P = 0.72) among patients with European standard sarcopenia. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammation plays a role in sarcopenia, and the serum levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 are associated with sarcopenia. Further research is needed to clarify these associations. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42024506656.


Assuntos
Interleucinas , Sarcopenia , Idoso , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue , Sarcopenia/sangue
20.
Ibrain ; 10(2): 231-237, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38915941

RESUMO

The incidence of incomplete partition Type I inner ear malformation is very low; therefore, bacterial meningitis caused by this malformation is also rare. Here, we report a case of such a patient. This case is a young female patient, who is 7 years old, began to have recurrent headaches, and after 5 years, also began to have chest and back pain. The doctor diagnosed meningitis, and the anti-infection treatment was effective. She was followed up annually and continued to have outbreaks repeatedly for 17 years, but the cause of repeated infection was not found. After a detailed diagnosis and treatment in our hospital, the patient was finally diagnosed with incomplete partition Type I inner ear malformation, resulting in repeated bacterial meningitis. The patient recovered well after surgical treatment, and the symptoms did not recur after 1-year follow-up.

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