Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.105
Filtrar
1.
BMC Urol ; 21(1): 1, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone neoplasm and is sometimes referred to as osteocartilaginous exostosis. The symptoms caused by osteochondroma are rare, especially the urogenital complications. Therefore, this tumour is sometimes misdiagnosed. CASE PRESENTATION: This report described a 70-year-old woman with hematuria who was initially misdiagnosed with a bladder tumour in the outpatient department by a urologist. However, during cystoscopy, we found that the mass did not resemble a bladder tumor. Multidisciplinary approach with careful analysis of the imaging data suggested the diagnosis of osteochondroma. Open surgical excision of the mass was done and histology confirmed the diagnosis of benign osteochondroma. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient was still asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates that hematuria is caused by not only urogenital disease but also osteochondroma. We present this case to draw the attention of clinicians to osteochondroma of the pubic symphysis.

2.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433196

RESUMO

A concise and diastereoselective construction of the ABCD ring system of spirochensilide A is described. The key steps of this synthesis are a semipinacol rearrangement reaction to stereoselectively construct the AB ring system bearing two vicinal quaternary chiral centers and a Co-mediated Pauson-Khand reaction to form the spiro-based bicyclic CD ring system. This chemistry leads to the stereoselective synthesis of 13(R)-demethyl spirochensilide A, paving the way for the first asymmetric total synthesis of (-)-spirochensilide A.

3.
Biosci Rep ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria-nuclear cross talk and mitochondrial retrograde regulation are involved in the genesis and development of breast cancer (BC). The present study aimed to construct regulatory network and seek the potential biomarkers of BC diagnosis and prognosis as well as the molecular therapeutic targets from the perspective of mitochondrial dysfunction. METHODS: The microarray data of mitochondria-related encoding genes in BC cell lines were downloaded from GEO including GSE128610 and GSE72319. GSE128610 was treated as test set and validation sets consisted of GSE72319 and TCGA tissue samples, intending to identify mitochondria-related differentially expressed genes (mrDEGs). We performed enrichment analysis, PPI network, hub mrDEGs and overall survival analysis and constructed transcription factor (TF)-miRNA-hub mrDEGs network. RESULTS: A total of 23 up-regulated and 71 down-regulated mrDEGs were identified and validated in BC cell lines and tissues. Enrichment analyses indicated that mrDEGs were associated with several cancer-related biological processes. Moreover, 9 hub mrDEGs were identified and validated in BC cell lines and tissues. Finally, 5 hub coregulated mrDEGs, 21 miRNAs and 117 TFs were used to construct TF-miRNA-hub mrDEGs network. MAZ, HDGF and SP2 regulated 3 hub mrDEGs. Hsa-mir-21-5p, hsa-mir-1-3p, hsa-mir-218-5p, hsa-mir-26a-5p and hsa-mir-335-5p regulated 2 hub mrDEGs. Overall survival analysis suggested that the up-regulation of FN1, as well as the down-regulation of DDR2 correlated with unfavorable prognosis in BC. CONCLUSION: TF-miRNA-hub mrDEGs had instruction significance for the exploration of BC etiology. The hub mrDEGs such as FN1 and DDR2 were likely to be novel biomarkers for BC diagnosis and prognosis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412851

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have great potential to revolutionize heterogeneous catalysis, enabling fast and direct construction of desired products. Given their notable promise, a general and scalable strategy to access these catalyst systems is highly desirable. Herein, we describe a straightforward and efficient thermal atomization strategy to create atomically dispersed palladium atoms anchored on a nitrogen-doped carbon shell over an SBA-15 support. Their presence was confirmed by spherical aberration correction electron microscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurement. The nitrogen-containing carbon shells provide atomic diffusion sites for anchoring palladium atoms emitted from palladium nanoparticles. This catalyst showed exceptional efficiency in selective hydrogenation of phenylacetylene and other types of alkynes. Importantly, it showed excellent stability, recyclability, and sintering-resistant ability. This approach can be scaled up with comparable catalytic activity. We anticipate that this work may lay the foundation for rapid access to high-quality SACs that are amenable to large-scale production for industrial applications.

5.
Clin Immunol ; 224: 108663, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401032

RESUMO

Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is a common organ-specific autoimmune disease with a high incidence among women of childbearing age. Recent studies have reported that women with AIT are more susceptible to infertility, miscarriage and preterm birth. It has been investigated that abnormal changes in maternal immune system and maternal-fetal interface can dampen the immune tolerance between mother and fetus, which underlie the pathogenesis of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Hence, we summarize the immunological changes related to adverse reproductive outcomes in AIT and highlight the respective contributions of both humoral and cellular immune dysfunctions to pregnancy failures. Moreover, the direct impacts of AIT on maternal-fetal immune activation and biological influences to trophoblasts are discussed as well. All these associations require confirmation in larger studies, and the pathogenic mechanisms need to be better understood, which might provide useful information for clinical diagnosis and therapy of AIT.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1567, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452392

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) contributes to the pathophysiological process of coronary artery disease (CAD). The expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) in EAT of patients with CAD have not been well characterized. We conducted high-throughput RNA sequencing to analyze the expression profiles of lncRNA in EAT of patients with CAD compared to patients without CAD. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were executed to investigate the principal functions of the significantly dysregulated mRNAs. We confirmed a dysregulated intergenic lncRNA (lincRNA) (LINC00968) by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Subsequently, we constructed a ceRNA network associated with LINC00968, which included 49 mRNAs. Compared with the control group, lncRNAs and genes of EAT in CAD were characterized as metabolic active and pro-inflammatory profiles. The sequencing analysis detected 2539 known and 1719 novel lncRNAs. Then, we depicted both lncRNA and gene signatures of EAT in CAD, featuring dysregulation of genes involved in metabolism, nuclear receptor transcriptional activity, antigen presentation, chemokine signaling, and inflammation. Finally, we identified a ceRNA network as candidate modulator in EAT and its potential role in CAD. We showed the expression profiles of specific EAT lncRNA and mRNA in CAD, and a selected non-coding associated ceRNA regulatory network, which taken together, may contribute to a better understanding of CAD mechanism and provide potential therapeutic targets.Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, No. ChiCTR1900024782.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388997

RESUMO

Previously we reported that administration of IgG could inhibit tumor progression in mouse models. At the same time, we also found that some IgGs have glycosylation modifications on their Fab fragments, which may have different biological functions than non-glycosylated IgG. In this study, we employed mouse tumor models to explore the roles of two different forms of IgG, i.e. Fab-glycosylated and Fab-non-glycosylated IgG, in tumor progression. The two types of IgGs were separated with ConA absorption which could react with glycan on the Fab arm but could not access glycan on the Fc fragment. In addition, we performed cytokine array, ELISA, western blotting, immunocytochemistry and other techniques to investigate the possible mechanisms of the actions of Fab-glycosylated IgG in the models. We found that Fab-glycosylated IgG, unlike Fab-non-glycosylated IgG, did not inhibit tumor growth and metastasis in the model. On the contrary, Fab-glycosylated IgG may bind to antigen-bound IgG molecules and macrophages through the glycosidic chain on the Fab fragment to affect antigen-antibody binding and macrophage polarization, which are likely to help tumor cells to evade the immune surveillance. A new mechanism of immune evasion with Fab-glycosylated IgG playing a significant role was proposed.

8.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389491

RESUMO

Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA), one of the degradation pathways of proteins, is highly selective to substrates that have KFERQ-like motif. In this process, the substrate proteins are first recognized by the chaperone protein, heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70), then delivered to lysosomal membrane surface where the single-span lysosomal receptor, lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A (LAMP2A) can bind to the substrate proteins to form a 700 kDa protein complex that allows them to translocate into the lysosome lumen to be degraded by the hydrolytic enzymes. This degradation pathway mediated by CMA plays an important role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism, transcription, DNA reparation, cell cycle, cellular response to stress and consequently, regulating many aging-associated human diseases, such as neurodegeneration, cancer and metabolic disorders. In this review, we provide an overview of current research on the functional roles of CMA primarily from a perspective of understanding and treating human diseases and also discuss its potential applications for diseases.

9.
Exp Eye Res ; 202: 108300, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065089

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of visual impairment and acquired blindness among adults worldwide. Retinal microvascular pericyte deficiency is one of the earliest pathological changes associated with DR, and long noncoding RNA myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) has been implicated as a crucial regulator of microvascular dysfunction in DR. Pyroptosis is a caspase-1-dependent proinflammatory form of cell death, and in the present study, we investigated the potential pyroptosis of primary human retinal pericytes (HRPCs) and the mechanism by which MIAT is involved in this process. We applied advanced glycation end product modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) to simulate the DR environment. The results suggested that AGE-BSA induced the active cleavage of caspase-1 and gasdermin D, the release of IL-1ß, IL-18 and LDH, and reduced cell viability, which was prevented by the inhibition of caspase-1, indicating the occurrence of caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis in HRPCs. Immunofluorescence images revealed the phenotypic characteristics of pyroptosis, including pyknosis, swelling and hyperpermeability in plasmolemma. MIAT and CASP1 expression were substantially increased, while that of miR-342-3p was decreased in AGE-BSA-treated HRPCs. MIAT knockdown inhibited pyroptosis in HRPCs, which was reinforced by cotreatment with miR-342-3p mimic but relieved by cotreatment with miR-342-3p inhibitor. Furthermore, HRPC pyroptosis was inhibited by treatment with the miR-342-3p mimic alone but enhanced by the miR-342-3p inhibitor. Luciferase reporter assay results demonstrated binding between MIAT and miR-342-3p, as well as between miR-342-3p and CASP1. MIAT antagonized the effect of miR-342-3p on the depression of its target CASP1 and promoted AGE-BSA-induced pericyte pyroptosis. These findings may promote a better understanding of retinal pericyte depletion pathogenesis and the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy.

10.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(1): e24889, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media plays a critical role in health communications, especially during global health emergencies such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is a lack of a universal analytical framework to extract, quantify, and compare content features in public discourse of emerging health issues on different social media platforms across a broad sociocultural spectrum. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a novel and universal content feature extraction and analytical framework and contrast how content features differ with sociocultural background in discussions of the emerging COVID-19 global health crisis on major social media platforms. METHODS: We sampled the 1000 most shared viral Twitter and Sina Weibo posts regarding COVID-19, developed a comprehensive coding scheme to identify 77 potential features across six major categories (eg, clinical and epidemiological, countermeasures, politics and policy, responses), quantified feature values (0 or 1, indicating whether or not the content feature is mentioned in the post) in each viral post across social media platforms, and performed subsequent comparative analyses. Machine learning dimension reduction and clustering analysis were then applied to harness the power of social media data and provide more unbiased characterization of web-based health communications. RESULTS: There were substantially different distributions, prevalence, and associations of content features in public discourse about the COVID-19 pandemic on the two social media platforms. Weibo users were more likely to focus on the disease itself and health aspects, while Twitter users engaged more about policy, politics, and other societal issues. CONCLUSIONS: We extracted a rich set of content features from social media data to accurately characterize public discourse related to COVID-19 in different sociocultural backgrounds. In addition, this universal framework can be adopted to analyze social media discussions of other emerging health issues beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Comunicação em Saúde , Política de Saúde , Aprendizado de Máquina , Política , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluxo de Trabalho , /epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Pandemias
11.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 56(1): 161-171, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176019

RESUMO

Seminal plasma is a complex biological fluid containing many metabolites including amino acids, fructose, carbohydrates and lipids Metabolites play important roles in multiple biological processes, but details and significance of the seminal plasma metabolome related to boar fertility are unknown. The aim of the present study was to compare the comprehensive metabolome of seminal plasma from boars with different conception rate after artificial insemination and to identify the potential biomarkers. Semen samples were collected from boars which divided into two groups according to the conception rates in the offspring. Seminal plasma metabolites were isolated, purified, and then subjected to Ultra-high Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (UHPLC-qTOF-MS) procession. A total of 576 (Positive ion mode) and 377 (Negative ion mode) metabolites were identified in seminal plasma. Metabolites were identified and categorized according to their major chemical classes, including carboxylic acids and derivatives, organooxygen compounds, amino acids, peptides, and alogues, fatty amides, fatty acyls, benzene and substituted derivatives, purine nucleotides, pyrimidine nucleotides, glycosyl compounds, fatty acids and conjugates. The results showed that 4-Aminobenzoate, Pro-Asn, Ile-Tyr, Homoveratric acid and D-Biotin were higher in semen of boar with higher conception rate (HG) versus lower conception rate (LG) (p < .05), whereas L-Serine, Butoxyacetic acid, S-Methyl-5'-thioadenosine, Capsaicin and 1-O-(cis-9-Octadecenyl)-2-O-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF) were lower in HG than in LG (p < .05). These metabolites may be considered as candidate biomarkers for different fertility in boars.

12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 268: 113583, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189845

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shizaotang (SZT), consisted of Euphorbia kansui S.L.Liou ex S.B.Ho (EK), Euphorbia pekinensis Rupr. (EP), Daphne genkwa Sieb. et Zucc. (DG,fried) and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (ZJ), is usually used for treating malignant pleural effusions (MPE), but the toxicity of EK and EP limits its clinical safe application. It was reported that vinegar processing can reduce the toxicity of EK and EP. Whether EK and EP processing with vinegar can cause the reduced toxicity and retained pharmacological effects of SZT, it still remains unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to evaluate whether using vinegar processed EK and EP would reduce toxicity and preserve water expelling effect of SZT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology and qualitative analysis of SZT/VSZT were used to construct compound-target-pathway network of their effects and toxicity. Pleural fluid weight, urine volume, uric electrolyte, pH, pro-inflammatory cytokines in pleural fluid, serum Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS), anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) and intestinal aquaporin 8 (AQP8) protein were used to evaluate the effect mechanisms involved in rats experiments. And liver damage, oxidative damage and HE staining (liver, stomach, and intestine) were used to determine the toxicity. RESULTS: Network pharmacology analysis reviewed inflammation-related pathways of the effect and toxicity of SZT/VSZT: VEGF-PI3K-AKT pathway inhibited MPE by changing the vasopermeability; PI3K-Akt/Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/TNF-NF-κB signaling pathway inhibited MPE by up-regulating expression of AQP8 protein. In vivo experiments displayed that SZT/VSZT could reduce pleural fluid, increase urine volume, lower pro-inflammatory cytokines levels and up-regulate AQP8 protein expression significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). In addition, disorders on electrolyte (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and pH were ameliorated (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The levels of RAAS and ADH were significantly dose-dependently called back (P < 0.01). These findings were partly consistent with the results of network pharmacology analysis. Results of toxicity experiments demonstrated that SZT and VSZT exhibited certain toxicity on normal rats, and VSZT had lower toxicity than that of SZT. Interestingly, SZT and VSZT exerted alleviation effect to the liver damage and oxidative damage on model rats. CONCLUSION: SZT/VSZT improved MPE by regulating associated inflammation pathways. Besides, compared to SZT, VSZT showed lower toxicity and equivalent expelling MPE effect. This study may provide scientific basis for guiding the clinical application of SZT.

13.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 75: 100-106, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the performance of free-breathing Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) using a radial volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequence combined with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for quantitative solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) assessment. METHODS: A total of 67 SPN cases receiving routine MRI routine scans, DWI, and dynamic-enhanced MRI in our hospital from May 2017 to November 2018 were collected. These cases were divided into a malignant group and a benign group according to the characteristics of the SPNs. The quantitative DCE-MRI parameters (Ktrans, Kep, Ve) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the nodules were measured. RESULTS: The Ktrans and Kep values in the malignant group were higher than those in the benign group, while the ADC values in the malignant group were lower than those in the benign group. Furthermore, the Ktrans value of adenocarcinoma was higher than that of squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). The Ve value was significantly different between non-small cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). With an ADC value of 0.98 × 10-3 mm2/s as the threshold, the specificity and sensitivity to diagnose benign and malignant nodules was 90.6% and 80%, respectively. CONCLUSION: High-temporal-resolution DCE-MRI using the r-VIBE technique in combination with DWI could contribute to pulmonary nodule analysis and possibly serve as a potential alternative to distinguish malignant from benign nodules as well as differentiate different types of malignancies.

14.
Neurosci Lett ; 740: 135441, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent study on early onset Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed that NUS1 is a risk gene for PD. Clinically, essential tremor (ET) is closely related to PD. In this study, we aimed to detect NUS1 variants and assess the effect of those variants on patients with ET. METHODS: The 5 coding regions and the exon-intron boundaries of NUS1 were directly sequenced in 395 patients with ET and an equal number of healthy controls, matched for age and sex. The function of variants was assessed by pathogenic predictive software programs. Genetic analysis of variants was used to evaluate susceptibility to ET. RESULTS: A total of 6 exonic variants were identified, including 3 synonymous and 3 missense variants. The non-synonymous variants were predicted to be tolerable. No variants had significant association with ET (none of the p-values were less than 0.05, using Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that NUS1 variants may not contribute to the risk of ET.

15.
Food Chem ; 335: 127631, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736157

RESUMO

In this work, sodium 4-styrenesulfonate functionalized polyacrylonitrile nanofibers mat (SS/PAN NFM) was firstly prepared and applied as 96-well plate solid-phase extraction adsorbent for quantitative determination of seven ß-agonists residues in pork samples. The functional modification endowed the SS/PAN NFM with superior adsorption performance for target ß-agonists. The adsorption process is spontaneous (ΔG < 0), the initial adsorption rate can reach 6.03-9.09 mg/g/min and the maximum adsorption capacity is calculated to be 48.3 mg/g at 298 K. Moreover, SS/PAN NFM can be reused for 12 times without degradation in adsorption capability. Combined with UPLC-MS/MS, the limits of detection can reach 0.006-0.24 µg/kg, the recoveries ranged from 87.2% to 111% and the relative standard deviations of intra-day and inter-day precisions were in the scope of 1.75%-11.6% and 5.08%-13.5%, respectively. The obtained results fully demonstrated the practicability of this method in preventing the hazard of ß-agonists residues.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/análise , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Nanofibras/química , Poliestirenos/química , Carne Vermelha/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/química , Adsorção , Animais , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Suínos
16.
Bone ; 143: 115652, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971307

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated the important role played by gut microbiota in regulating bone development, but the evidence of such causal relationship is still sparse in human population. The aim of this study is to assess the causal relationship from gut microbiota to bone development and to identify specific causal bacteria taxa via a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary statistic based two-sample MR analysis was performed. Summary statistics of microbiome GWAS (MGWAS) in 1126 twin pairs of the TwinsUK study was used as discovery sample, and the MGWAS in 984 Dutch participants from the LifeLines-DEEP cohort was used as replication sample. Estimated heel bone mineral density (eBMD) GWAS in 426,824 participants from the UK biobank (UKB) cohort was used as outcome. Bacteria were grouped into taxa features at both order and family levels. In the discovery sample, a total of 25 bacteria features including 9 orders and 16 families were analyzed. Fourteen features (5 orders + 9 families) were nominally significant, including 5 orders (Bacteroidales, Clostridiales, Lactobacillales, Pasteurellales and Verrucomicrobiales) and 9 families (Bacteroidaceae, Clostridiaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Mogibacteriaceae, Pasteurellaceae, Porphyromonadaceae, Streptococcaceae, Verrucomicrobiaceae and Veillonellaceae). One order Clostridiales and its child taxon, family Lachnospiraceae, were successfully replicated in the replication sample (Clostridiales Pdiscovery = 3.32 × 10-3Preplication = 7.29 × 10-3; Lachnospiraceae Pdiscovery = 0.03 Preplication = 7.29 × 10-3). Our findings provided evidence of causal relationship from microbiota to bone development, as well as identified specific bacteria taxa that regulated bone mass variation, thus providing new insights into the microbiota mediated bone development mechanism.

17.
Environ Pollut ; 268(Pt A): 115121, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139099

RESUMO

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs), as the secondary environmental pollutants of the widely used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), possess the similar physicochemical and toxic properties as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). However, studies on human body exposure to them are extremely limited. In this study, forty human milk samples collected in Shanghai were measured for 13 PBDD/F congeners using gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS), to investigate their exposure level and characteristics, potential source and corresponding health risks to breastfed infants. The results showed no PBDDs but three PBDF congeners including 2,3,7,8-TBDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpBDF and OBDF (mean concentration (detection rates) are 3.2 pg/g (72.5%), 9.5 pg/g (100%) and 28 pg/g (67.5%), respectively) were detected. The average toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ, 0.42 pg/g lw) presented the highest concentration level compared to other regions reported. The contribution of PBDFs to the total TEQ of PBDD/Fs and PCDD/Fs is 6.8%. The correlation between PBDD/Fs and age or dietary habits was not observed, which normally existed in their chlorinated analogues-PCDD/Fs. Significant correlations were observed between PBDFs and highly brominated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (especially for BDE 183 and BDE 209). The correlation between PCDD/Fs and PBDFs was not observed except 2,3,7,8-TBDF. The high PBDFs exposure in Shanghai may originate from the emission of PBDEs and/or non-PBDE BFRs in environment, according to the consistency of the environmental data previously reported. The average estimated dietary intakes (EDI) for breastfed infants is 2.0 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day (0.13-13 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day), within the range of the tolerable daily intake (TDI) for TCDD (1-4 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day) suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, given the high toxicity of PBDD/Fs, the potential health risks of these pollutants for breastfed infants should be of concern.


Assuntos
Dioxinas , Retardadores de Chama , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , China , Dibenzofuranos/análise , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados , Dioxinas/análise , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Humanos , Leite Humano/química , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Medição de Risco
18.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 114: 103845, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888968

RESUMO

Fish hepcidin genes are generally classified into two groups: hamp1-and hamp2-type isoforms. Hamp1-type hepcidin exhibits iron regulatory and antimicrobial activity, while hamp2-type shows a unique role in the immune response against various pathogens. An iron-regulatory motif exists at the N-terminus of hamp1-type hepcidin; however, the functional effect of this motif in fish is not well understood. Here, cDNA of the barbel steed (Hemibarbus labeo) hepcidin gene was cloned and sequenced. The predicted amino acid sequence comprised a signal peptide, a prodomain, and a mature peptide. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that barbel steed hepcidin belongs to the fish HAMP1 cluster and is closely related to Chinese rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) hepcidin. Barbel steed hepcidin is constitutively expressed in healthy fish tissues, predominantly in the liver. Following iron dextran treatment or Aeromonas hydrophila infection, expression of barbel steed hepcidin increased significantly in tested tissues. In vivo administration of intact hepcidin mature peptide (hep25) significantly and dose-dependently reduced ferroportin 1 expression, while truncated hepcidin mature peptide (hep20) lacking a QSHLS motif had no such effect. In vitro treatment of barbel steed monocytes/macrophages with hep25, but not hep20, increased the labile iron pool levels. Hep25 and hep20 conferred antibacterial activity only against A. hydrophila and Vibrio vulnificus, with greater activity of the latter at low concentrations. Neither hep25 nor hep20 impaired the cell membrane integrity of A. hydrophila, but could hydrolyze its genomic DNA; lack of a QSHLS motif enables hep20 to have a better hydrolytic effect. In summary, we identified an iron-regulatory motif in a fish species and demonstrated that this motif confers hamp1-type hepcidin iron-regulatory activity, but attenuates its antibacterial activity.

19.
Front Med ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263837

RESUMO

RNA viruses cause a multitude of human diseases, including several pandemic events in the past century. Upon viral invasion, the innate immune system responds rapidly and plays a key role in activating the adaptive immune system. In the innate immune system, the interactions between pathogen-associated molecular patterns and host pattern recognition receptors activate multiple signaling pathways in immune cells and induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and interferons to elicit antiviral responses. Macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells are the principal innate immune components that exert antiviral activities. In this review, the current understanding of innate immunity contributing to the restriction of RNA viral infections was briefly summarized. Besides the main role of immune cells in combating viral infection, the intercellular transfer of pathogen and host-derived materials and their epigenetic and metabolic interactions associated with innate immunity was discussed. This knowledge provides an enhanced understanding of the innate immune response to RNA viral infections in general and aids in the preparation for the existing and next emerging viral infections.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 271: 116331, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383419

RESUMO

Tributyltin (TBT), a bioaccumulative and persistent environmental pollutant, has been proposed as a metabolism disruptor and obesogen through targeting peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) receptor pathway. However, it remains unknown whether this biological effect occurs in macrophage, a cell type which cooperates closely with hepatocytes and adipocytes to regulate lipid metabolism. This study for the first time investigated the effect of TBT on PPARγ pathway in macrophages. Our results indicated that nanomolar levels of TBT was able to strongly activate PPARγ in human macrophages. TBT treatment also markedly increased the intracellular lipid accumulation, and enhanced the expression of lipid metabolism-related genes in macrophages, while these effects were all significantly down-regulated in PPARγ-deficient macrophages, confirming the involvement of PPARγ in TBT-induced lipogenesis. Next, a mouse model that C57BL/6 mice were orally exposed to TBT with the doses (250 and 500 µg/kg body weight) lower than NOAEL (no observed adverse effect level) was used to further investigate the in vivo mechanisms. And the in vivo results were consistent with cellular assays, confirming the induction of PPARγ and the increased expression of lipogenesis-regulating and lipid metabolism-related genes by TBT in vivo. In conclusion, this study not only provided the first evidence that TBT stimulated lipogenesis, activated PPARγ and related genes in human macrophages, but also provided insight into the mechanism of TBT-induced metabolism disturbance and obesity through targeting PPARγ via both in vitro cellular assays and in vivo animal models.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA