Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4116-4120, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872686

RESUMO

With digital satellite remote sensing image data of GF-1,in 2018 the object-oriented classification method was used to extract Zizyphus jujuba planting area in Jia county of Shaanxi province. The results showed that the remote sensing classification method based on rule set could extract and reckon Z. jujube planting area in the study area effectively. The planting area of Z. jujube in Jia county was about 5. 34×104 hm2 and the area of consistent accuracy was 97. 92%. The method used in this study could provide a technical reference for the area extraction of the same type of medicinal materials. And it is of great significance to provide decision support for the protection and utilization of Z. jujube resources.


Assuntos
Ziziphus , Agricultura , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
2.
Phytochem Anal ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Polygoni Orientalis Fructus (POF) is a clinically effective Chinese medicine. Raw POF (RPOF) and POF Tostus (POFT) are used separately in clinics. However, incomplete progress has been made on quality control. OBJECTIVE: To establish a comprehensive method for quality assessment of RPOF and POFT and to discriminate these two varieties. METHODOLOGY: High-performance liquid chromatography combined with the diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) methods were developed for fingerprinting and quantitative analysis of seven major compounds in RPOF and POFT, and the main components were determined by HPLC-DAD coupled with Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry. Chemometric approaches were performed to discriminate RPOF and POFT and to screen discriminatory components. RESULTS: Fingerprints were established and 12 common peaks were identified, cannabisin G and cannabisin E were firstly identified from POF. In quantitative analysis, all analytes showed good regression (R > 0.9996) within test ranges and the recovery of the method was in the range 96.6-104.3%. Fingerprints in conjunction with similarity analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) demonstrated the consistent quality of RPOF and showed a clear discrimination between RPOF and POFT. Principal component analysis, partial least-squares discriminant analysis, and heatmap-HCA on quantitative data not only gave a clear differentiation between RPOF and POFT, but they also suggested that quercetin, 3,5,7-trihydroxychromone, and N-trans-feruloyltyramine acted as the main factors responsible for the sample differences. CONCLUSIONS: Chromatographic analysis in combination with chemometric analysis provides a simple and reliable method of comparing and evaluating the qualities of RPOF and POFT.

3.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2979, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568640

RESUMO

In many caries-promoting Streptococcus species, glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) are recognized as key enzymes contributing to the modification of biofilm structures, disruption of homeostasis of healthy microbiota community and induction of caries development. It is therefore of great interest to investigate how Gtf genes have evolved in Streptococcus. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive survey of Gtf genes among 872 streptococci genomes of 37 species and identified Gtf genes from 364 genomes of 18 species. To clarify the relationships of these Gtf genes, 45 representative sequences were used for phylogenic analysis, which revealed two clear clades. Clade I included 12 Gtf genes from nine caries-promoting species of the Mutans and Downei groups, which produce enzymes known to synthesize sticky, water-insoluble glucans (WIG) that are critical for modifying biofilm structures. Clade II primarily contained Gtf genes responsible for synthesizing water-soluble glucans (WSG) from all 18 species, and this clade further diverged into three subclades (IIA, IIB, and IIC). An analysis of 16 pairs of duplicated Gtf genes revealed high divergence levels at the C-terminal repeat regions, with ratios of the non-synonymous substitution rate (dN) to synonymous substitution rate (dS) ranging from 0.60 to 1.03, indicating an overall relaxed constraint in this region. However, among the clade I Gtf genes, some individual repeat units possessed strong functional constraints by the same criterion. Structural variations in the repeat regions were also observed, with detection of deletions or recent duplications of individual repeat units. Overall, by establishing an updated phylogeny and further elucidating their evolutionary patterns, this work enabled us to gain a greater understanding of the origination and divergence of Gtf genes in Streptococcus.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(9)2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154382

RESUMO

Pinocembrin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside (PCBG), pinocembrin (PCB), and 5-methoxy-pinocembrin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside (MPG) are three flavonones isolated from Penthorum chinense Pursh (P. chinense). The effects of the three flavonones on hepatic steatosis and their molecular mechanisms in HepG2 cells were investigated in this study for the first time. A model of hepatic steatosis in HepG2 cells was induced by free fatty acid (FFA), and co-treated with the three flavonones as mentioned. Intracellular lipid droplets were detected by Oil Red O staining. PCB, PCBG, and MPG suppressed oxidative stress by decreasing malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and increasing superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities. The levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were ameliorated. Moreover, these flavonones enhanced the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the expression of silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), and reduced the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP1c) and the downstream targets fatty acid synthase (FAS), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), and stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1). Molecular docking was used to predict the interaction and combination patterns between the three flavonones and the enzymes above. The results revealed that the SIRT1/AMPK pathway is involved in the functions of the three flavonones, and the most effective flavonone against hepatic steatosis might be PCBG, followed by MPG and PCB. Therefore, the three flavonones from P. chinense were found to exert preventive effects against hepatic steatosis by regulating the SIRT1/AMPK pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Flavonóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1798-1805, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29902888

RESUMO

The metabolites were detected in feces and urine of rats orally administrated alkaloids of Piper longum by using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a Fourier Transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (HPLC-FT-MS). According to the mass spectrometric data and reported literature, the structures of metabolites were identified. Several metabolites were analyzed and belonged to piperine, piperanine, piperlonguminine, Δα,ß-dihydropiperlonguminine and pellitorine, respectively. The metabolites of alkaloids from P. longum alkaloids were produced through Ⅰ phase and Ⅱ phase metabolism reaction, and were excreted with urination and defecation. The approach provided a rapid method for characterizing the metabolites of P. longum alkaloids and gave the truly active structures and the action mechanism of their neuroprotective effects.


Assuntos
Piper , Alcaloides , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fezes , Ratos
6.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 18(10): 855-861, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel water-soluble inclusion complex of Brucea javanica oil (BJO) by ß-cyclodextrin polymers (CDP) was prepared by saturated aqueous method and characterized by SEM, FT-IR and 1H NMR. Compared with BJO, the aqueous solubility of BJO-CDP (77.76%) greatly enhanced due to the water-soluble CDP host. RESULTS: In the acute toxicity test, the value of LD50 of BJO-CDP was 11.94 g/kg, suggesting the lower toxicity of BJO-CDP. Moreover, the pharmacodynamics of BJO-CDP was investigated by evaluating its inhibition effects on human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and mice transplantable colon cancer CT- 26 cells. CONCLUSION: It has been revealed that BJO-CDP significantly decreased the toxicity of BJO and enhanced its anti-tumor activity. In conclusion, BJO-CDP could be a new and improved clinical formulation of BJO with higher water solubility, lower toxicity and enhanced anti-tumor activity.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Brucea/química , Óleos Vegetais , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Dose Letal Mediana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/toxicidade , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 17: 40, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28360820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer comprises the majority of lung cancer cases and is insensitive to chemotherapy. Most patients develop drug resistance. Recently, tetrandrine (TET), a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, was identified as a novel anti-cancer agent. However, the effect of tetrandrine combined with cisplatin on lung cancer has not yet been studied. We aimed to identify a possible synergistic effect between tetrandrine and cisplatin, besides, to investigate the effects of TET in combination with DDP on proliferation and apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant and cisplatin-sensitive A549 cell lines, and to study the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Cell viability was confirmed with CCK8 assays, and the IC50 values for each treatment group were calculated. The synergistic interaction of these drugs was evaluated using an isobolographic analysis. Proliferation was assessed by EDU staining. Hoechst staining and flow cytometry were used to assess apoptosis. Apoptosis- and autophagy-associated proteins were analyzed by western blot. Transmission electron microscopy was used to detect autophagy, RFP-GFP-LC3 lentivirus was used to perform autophagic flux assay. RESULTS: Tetrandrine and cisplatin exerted synergistic cytotoxic effects on both cisplatin-resistant and cisplatin-sensitive A549 cell lines. The combination of tetrandrine and cisplatin induced apoptosis and inhibited proliferation in a synergistic manner. The formation of autophagosomes was evident by transmission electron microscopy. The autophagic flux of combination treatment was increased. CONCLUSIONS: Tetrandrine synergized with cisplatin to reduce the viability of cisplatin-resistant and cisplatin-sensitive A549 cells, tetrandrine could reverse the resistance of A549 cells to cisplatin. Tetrandrine combined with cisplatin could induce autophagy. Therefore, tetrandrine is a potent autophagy agonist and may be a promising drug for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

8.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 16(1): 412, 2016 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alkaloids from Piper longum (PLA), extracted from P. longum, have potent anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PLA could protect dopaminergic neurons against inflammation-mediated damage by inhibiting microglial activation using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced dopaminergic neuronal damage rat model. METHODS: The animal behaviors of rotational behavior, rotarod test and open-field test were investigated. The survival ratio of dopaminergic neurons and microglial activation were examined. The dopamine (DA) and its metabolite were detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The effects of PLA on the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, interleukin (IL)-1ß and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) were also estimated. RESULTS: We showed that the survival ratio of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and DA content in the striatum were reduced after a single intranigral dose of LPS (10 µg) treatment. The survival rate of TH-ir neurons in the SNpc and DA levels in the striatum were significantly improved after treatment with PLA for 6 weeks. The over-activated microglial cells were suppressed by PLA treatment. We also observed that the levels of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß were decreased and the excessive production of ROS and NO were abolished after PLA treatment. Therefore, the behavioral dysfunctions induced by LPS were improved after PLA treatment. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that PLA plays a significant role in protecting dopaminergic neurons against inflammatory reaction induced damage.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Piper/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alcaloides/química , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Doença de Parkinson , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 50(5): 1238-44, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22300772

RESUMO

Evaluation of the chemical composition and antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activity of five wild edible mushrooms (Clitocybe maxima, Catathelasma ventricosum, Stropharia rugoso-annulata, Craterellus cornucopioides and Laccaria amethystea) from Southwest China. The chemical composition assay includes proximate analysis (moisture, ash, crude protein, crude fat, total carbohydrates and total energy), bioactive compounds analysis (total phenolic, flavonoid, ascorbic acid, ergosterol, tocopherol), fatty acid analysis, amino acid analysis, phenolic compounds analysis and mineral analysis of these mushrooms. Furthermore, assays of α-glucosidase inhibitory and α-amylase inhibitory activity were used for evaluating antihyperglycemic activity of the mushrooms, and assays of reducing power, chelating effect on ferrous ions, scavenging effect on hydroxyl free radicals and 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were used for evaluating antioxidant activity of the mushrooms. Based on the results, ethanolic and aqueous extract of these mushroom all showed antihyperglycemic and antioxidant potential. In particular, the aqueous extract of C. ventricosum revealed the highest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity (EC50 value 2.74 µg/mL), DPPH radical scavenging activity (EC50 value 2.86 mg/mL) and reducing power (EC50 value 0.96 mg/mL), while the aqueous extract of L. amethystea showed the highest α-amylase inhibitory activity (EC50 value 4.37 µg/mL) and metal chelating activity (EC50 value 2.13 mg/mL).


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Agaricales/classificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Especificidade da Espécie , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
10.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 37(2): 180-2, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16608069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the biofilm structure of Actinomyces viscosus and the spatial distribution of exopolysaccharides in it. METHODS: The Actinomyces viscosus biofilm was made by allowing bacteria to attach to the cover glass surface. The biofilm structure and exopolysaccharides distribution at 24 hours were stained with Fluorescein, BODIPY and Calcofluor respectively and were visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). RESULTS: Actinomyces viscosus could attach to glass surface and form a structural biofilm where bacteria were embedded in the EPS glycocalyx polymers, and characteristic microcolonies and channels were taking shape. Bacteria were sparse in the substratum area but crowd in the center. In the biofilm, the distribution of bacteria was consistent with the distribution of exopolysaccharides. CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate an important role of exopolysaccharides in the process of Actinomyces viscosus biofilm formation.


Assuntos
Actinomyces viscosus/fisiologia , Biofilmes , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/fisiologia , Aderência Bacteriana , Placa Dentária , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA