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1.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439332

RESUMO

Phyllanthus emblica is a fruit widely consumed in subtropical areas, which is rich in polyphenols and other nutrients. There are increasing evidences that as a daily and nutritious fruit, it may have a positive role in controlling diabetic complications. According to the new study, its mechanisms include enhancing the functioning of insulin, reducing insulin resistance, activating the insulin-signaling pathway, protecting ß-cells, scavenging free radicals, alleviating inflammatory reactions, and reducing the accumulation of advanced glycation end products. Owing to its few side effects, and low price, it should be easily accepted by patients and has potential for preventing diabetes. Taken together, Phyllanthus emblica may be an ideal fruit for controlling diabetic complications. This review highlights the latest findings of the role of Phyllanthus emblica in anti-diabetes and its complications, especially clarifies the molecular mechanism of the chemical components related to this effect, and prospects some existing problems and future research directions.

2.
Immunol Lett ; 229: 8-17, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186635

RESUMO

In abnormal glycosylation, molecules of glucose or other carbohydrates in living organisms are inappropriately attached to proteins, which causes protein denaturation. Abnormal glycosylation modification is known to directly or indirectly affect the tumor escape process, but very few studies have been performed on whether protein glycosylation changes the structure and function of immune cells and immune molecules and thereby regulates the occurrence and development of tumor escape. Therefore, this article summarizes the effect of the immune system on tumor escape in association with the abnormal glycosylation process from an immunological perspective.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 556885, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013395

RESUMO

Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia has become a major threat to worldwide public health, having rapidly spread to more than 180 countries and infecting over 1.6 billion people. Fever, cough, and fatigue are the most common initial symptoms of COVID-19, while some patients experience diarrhea rather than fever in the early stage. Many herbal medicine and Chinese patent medicine can significantly improve these symptoms, cure the patients experiencing a mild 22form of the illness, reduce the rate of transition from mild to severe disease, and reduce mortality. Therefore, this paper summarizes the physiopathological mechanisms of fever, cough, fatigue and diarrhea, and introduces Chinese herbal medicines (Ephedrae Herba, Gypsum Fibrosum, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Asteris Radix et Rhizoma, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Codonopsis Radix, Atractylodis Rhizoma, etc.) and Chinese patent medicines (Shuang-huang-lian, Ma-xing-gan-shi-tang, etc.) with their corresponding therapeutic effects. Emphasis was placed on their material basis, mechanism of action, and clinical research. Most of these medicines possess the pharmacological activities of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, and immunity-enhancement, and may be promising medicines for the treatment or adjuvant treatment of COVID-19 patients.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3608-3616, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893550

RESUMO

Fatigue is a widespread and complex physiological phenomenon. Chronic fatigue can lead to cardiovascular dysfunction, mental disorders and other serious pathological reactions. Therefore, how to relieve fatigue accurately and effectively is an important proposition to implement the concept of "Healthy China" in the new era. As an important part of Chinese medicine health industry, Chinese medicine health food has been developing rapidly in recent years. At present, there are 1 157 kinds of anti-fatigue health food on the market in China, most of which are single Chinese medicine and its compound. However, their functions are generally labeled as "anti-fatigue", and their function positioning is too extensive and unclear. With the deepened understanding of fatigue classification and its physiological and pathological basis, it is urgent to be combined with the progress of modern chemical and pharmacological stu-dies to differentiate and precisely position the anti-fatigue health effects of traditional Chinese medicine. For this purpose, the classifications of fatigue were summarized in this paper, and the mechanism of fatigue was explained from the aspects of energy metabolism, accumulation of metabolites, oxidative stress, inflammation, hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis and so on. We selected 10 traditional Chinese medicines which are most frequently used in health food, analyzed their anti-fatigue effect mechanisms, and summarized the best types of anti-fatigue food, so as to promote the scientific development of anti-fatigue health food industry, expand the market application scope of anti-fatigue health food, better respond to the construction of a healthy China and serve for people's health.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , China , Alimentos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
5.
Chin Med ; 15: 56, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514289

RESUMO

Quality consistency is one of the basic attributes of medicines, but it is also a difficult problem that natural medicines and their preparations must face. The complex chemical composition and comprehensive pharmacological action of natural medicines make it difficult to simply apply the commonly used evaluation methods in chemical drugs. It is thus urgent to explore the novel evaluation methods suitable for the characteristics of natural medicines. With the rapid development of analytical techniques and the deepening understanding of the quality of natural herbs, increasing numbers of researchers have proposed many new ideas and technologies. This review mainly focuses on the basic principles, technical characteristics and application examples of the chemical evaluation, biological evaluation methods and their combination in quality consistency evaluation of natural herbs. On the bases of chemical evaluation and clinical efficacy, new methods reflecting their pharmacodynamic mechanism and safety characteristics will be developed, and gradually towards accurate quality control, to achieve the goal of quality consistency. We hope that this manuscript can provide new ideas and technical references for the quality consistency of natural drugs and their preparations, thus better guarantee their clinical efficacy and safety, and better promote industrial development.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2073-2081, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495556

RESUMO

The iterative innovation of processing technology is one of the important tasks in studies on processing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). It is also the prerequisite for modern, refined, automatic and intelligent manufacturing of TCM pieces. Microwave processing is a new fire processing technique developed in the recent 30 years, with a unique thermodynamic form, and energy transfer and transformation laws. Moreover, it owns the advantages of a high processing efficiency, good product properties and low production energy consumption, with great application prospects. This paper introduced the study overview of microwave expansion technology in the food industry, reviewed the origin of microwave processing technology of TCM, and expounded the basic concept, principle and main purpose of microwave processing technology used in TCM. Then, the impacts of drug factors and microwave factors on the microwave processing effect were summarized, the industrial equipment that could be used for microwave processing was listed, and the impacts of microwave heating on starch, polysaccharide, protein and other components in Chinese herbal medicines were analyzed. Furthermore, the study advance of microwave processing of 14 herbs was investigated, including Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia, Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum and Asini Corii Colla; and the appearance and components of herbs processed by traditional processing method and microwave processing method were compared, so as to reveal the opportunities and challenges of microwave processing technology in the industrial transformation. We hoped that the systematic study of microwave processing technology could provide new ideas and techniques for the high-quality and high-level development of the TCM pieces industry in the new era, and promote its inheritance, innovation and transformation.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Micro-Ondas , Controle de Qualidade
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2353-2359, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495592

RESUMO

Animal medicines have been called "medicine with affinity to flesh and blood" by doctors of all ages, which always act as an important branch of Chinese medicine. They have various types, extensive sources and long application history, with unique cli-nical effects in anti-coagulation, anti-thrombosis, anti-fatigue, immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-convulsion and so on. Most animal medicines contain proteins, fatty acids, and trimethylamine oxides, which are prone to decomposition and produce substances such as biological amines, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, trimethylamine and ammonia with unpleasant odors. The stench produced by the combination of various odors can easily cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting, which would probably affect the drug compliance and clinical efficacy in patients, and block the development of high-quality animal medicines. At present, we have insufficient understanding on sources and formation mechanism of the stench of animal medicines, lacking development of taste-masking technology. Therefore, the universality, formation, vomiting mechanism, evaluation methods, and masking technology of stench of animal medicines were summarized in this paper, so as to deepen the recognition of stench, provide references for the development of animal medicines deodorization technology, enhance patients' compliance with animal medicines, and promote animal drugs to better serve public health in the new era.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Paladar , Animais , Fadiga , Humanos , Tecnologia
8.
Mol Pharm ; 17(5): 1586-1595, 2020 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186879

RESUMO

It is a challenging task to suppress the bitterness of liquid preparations, especially for children. Bitter molecules are highly dispersible in liquids, leading to a strong and instant stimulation of the bitter receptors. At present, there is no effective way to correct this issue except for adding sweeteners, resulting in an unsatisfying taste. Based on the three-point contact theory, which is a universally accepted mechanism of bitterness formation, a new idea and application of amphiphilic block copolymers (ABCs) for bitterness suppression was proposed for the first time. We found that ABCs could widely inhibit the bitterness of four typical bitter substances. The mechanism is that ABCs self-assemble to form association colloids, which attract bitter components and reduce their distribution in the molecular form in solution. The bitter components were demonstrated to automatically embed in the spiral hydrophobic cavity of the hydrophobic chain of the ABCs, and their special interaction dispersed the positive electrostatic potential of bitter groups. The combination did not affect the pharmacokinetic parameters and pharmacodynamics of bitter drugs. These findings highlight the novel application of ABCs for the inhibition of bitterness and illuminate the underlying inhibition mechanisms.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4786-4792, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872583

RESUMO

The consistency of drug quality is related to the clinical efficacy and safety,which is highly valued by the government and relevant industries. Compared with chemical medicine,traditional Chinese medicine originates from the nature,and is greatly influenced by natural factors,such as the place of origin,cultivation and processing technology,climate. The quality consistency of traditional Chinese medicine is poor. The quality consistency has become the pain point and difficulty of the development of the traditional Chinese medicine industry,which seriously affects the stability and controllability of clinical efficacy and the reproducibility or recognition of modern research results. It is also a bottleneck for Chinese patent medicine to enter the international market. Mixed batch blending technology is an effective method for the scientific guarantee of the quality consistency in other industries and disciplines,and widely applied in liquor making industry,tobacco industry and perfume industry. Overseas,mixed batch blending technology has been successfully applied in guaranteeing the quality consistency of Ginkgo biloba preparations Jinnado. It has been used in the production of Chinese formulations in Japan for more than 30 years. In recent years,mixed batch blending technology has been introduced into the pharmaceutical field to ensure the quality consistency of traditional Chinese medicine,and relevant research has gradually increased.This manuscript reviews the application of blending technology in other disciplines,summarizes the algorithm principles and software systems of mixed batch blending in traditional Chinese medicine or natural medicine,explains the specific implementation process of mixed batch blending technology,and looks forward to the application prospects of artificial intelligence and other new technologies,in the hope of providing new ideas and technologies for breaking through the problem of quality consistency,and boosting the high-quality and high-level development of Chinese medicine industry in the new era.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Algoritmos , Indústria Farmacêutica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tecnologia
10.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683690

RESUMO

Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng) is a popular tropical fruit in southeast Asia. What is amazing is that its seeds (Momordicae Semen) and arils are traditional herbs with anti-tumor activity, and have protected human health for more than 1000 years. In recent years, its anti-tumor activity has received extensive attention and research. This manuscript summarized the chemical composition of saponins, fatty acids, volatile constituents, proteins, peptides, and other components from Momordicae Semen (MSE). The effect and mechanism of MSE and its extract on breast cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, esophagus cancer, melanomas, and human cervical epithelial carcinoma were discussed. In addition, its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other pharmacological effects were also analyzed. We hope that this review will provide new ideas for the treatment of cancer and other diseases, and become a reference for the further research into complementary and alternative medicine.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Momordica/química , Clima Tropical , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Frutas/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química
11.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1060, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619999

RESUMO

Triphala is a famous herbal formula originated in Asia and is popular in America. Due to the high abundance of polyphenols, its oral liquid is unstable and easy to cause precipitate, which results in the loss of activities. However, complex composition and unclear precipitation mechanism hinders the improvement of stability. In this study, the accumulation of precipitation in the storage and its effect on activity were investigated. Then, an integrated chain of evidence was proposed based on the physical phase, chemical profile, and sediment elements. The results showed that antioxidant activity decreased from IC50 115 to 146 µl before and after 90 days of storage, and the anti-fatigue activity decreased from 30.54 to 28.47 min. Turbiscan Lab Expert observed that particle size increased from 106 to 122 nm, and the turbiscan stability index increased from 0 to 14, which indicated that its stability is continuously decreasing. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint coupled with multivariate statistical analysis identified that these chemical markers changed significantly, such as gallic acid, catechins, and ellagic acid. Loss of catechins tends to be involved in the formation of phlobaphene precipitation. The fact that the new-born ellagic acid in precipitation (0.47 mg/ml) is significantly higher than that reduced in solution (0.25 mg/ml) indicates that it is not only derived from colloid aging. Microscopic observation combined with energy spectrum analysis further confirmed the existence of the multi-precipitates. The crystalline precipitate is ellagic acid, and the other is phlobaphene. In conclusion, based on the evidence chain analysis, this study revealed a systematic change of the whole polyphenol solution system. It provides a novel perspective to understand the sedimentation formation of polyphenol solution, which is an important theoretical contribution to the preparation of polyphenol solutions.

12.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450584

RESUMO

For the treatment of diseases, especially chronic diseases, traditional natural drugs have more effective therapeutic advantages because of their multi-target and multi-channel characteristics. Among many traditional natural medicines, resins frankincense and myrrh have been proven to be effective in the treatment of inflammation and cancer. In the West, frankincense and myrrh have been used as incense in religious and cultural ceremonies since ancient times; in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, they are used mainly for the treatment of chronic diseases. The main chemical constituents of frankincense and myrrh are terpenoids and essential oils. Their common pharmacological effects are anti-inflammatory and anticancer. More interestingly, in traditional Chinese medicine, frankincense and myrrh have been combined as drug pairs in the same prescription for thousands of years, and their combination has a better therapeutic effect on diseases than a single drug. After the combination of frankincense and myrrh forms a blend, a series of changes take place in their chemical composition, such as the increase or decrease of the main active ingredients, the disappearance of native chemical components, and the emergence of new chemical components. At the same time, the pharmacological effects of the combination seem magically powerful, such as synergistic anti-inflammation, synergistic anticancer, synergistic analgesic, synergistic antibacterial, synergistic blood-activation, and so on. In this review, we summarize the latest research on the main chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of these two natural resins, along with chemical and pharmacological studies on the combination of the two.


Assuntos
Franquincenso/química , Resinas Vegetais/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Franquincenso/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/farmacologia
13.
Chin J Nat Med ; 16(9): 644-652, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269841

RESUMO

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Assuntos
Aconitum/química , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Alcaloides/administração & dosagem , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/toxicidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Folhas de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Caules de Planta/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 158: 247-256, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890481

RESUMO

Triphala is a well-known prescription in Indian Ayurveda and TCM medicine for its great effect on gingivitis and hyperlipidemia. However, its solution is unstable for the containing of excessive polyphenol, leading to the production of sediment in the short term and the decrease of efficacy. Based on the analysis of sediment formation, a novel control strategy is proposed. To conduct the analysis, the sediment formation was recorded for a consecutive five days. The changes in the composition of the supernatant and the sediment were studied by the HPLC profile analysis. The main components of the sediment were identified as corilagin, ellagic acid and gallic acid, and the amount of ellagic acid sediment increased with the storage time. Then, with a series of pH status adjustments of the Triphala solution, the physical and chemical stabilities were acquired by Turbiscan and HPLC respectively. The results showed that as the pH value increased, so did the physical stability, but the particle size and TSI of the association decreased. While the fingerprint of chemical profile similarity decreased, so did the chemical stability. Combining physical and chemical stability parameters, an equilibrium point was found out. When the pH value was adjusted to 5.0, both the physical and chemical stabilities were better: the verification test showed that the sedimentation inhibition rates on the 3rd, 5th,10th and15th days were 41%, 55%, 41%, and 23%, respectively. This manuscript provided a new control strategy that will pique pharmaceutical and food development engineers' interest and trigger research ideas controlling the quality of decoction.


Assuntos
Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Controle de Qualidade , Química Farmacêutica/instrumentação , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/instrumentação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ácido Elágico/química , Ácido Gálico/química , Glucosídeos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/química , Medicina Ayurvédica/métodos
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(24): 4801-4807, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717523

RESUMO

Xiaojin Pill, was firstly recorded in Life-saving Manual of Diagnosis and Treatment of External Diseases, with its primitive name of "Xiaojin Dan". Xiaojin Pill is a classic prescription for treating carbuncle and it is the first choice for Chinese medicine in the clinical treatment of hyperplasia of mammary glands. In this paper, the literature reports on Xiaojin Pills were summarized and the historical evolution, material basis, pharmacological action, quality control and other problems were systematically discussed to explore the potential problems in every aspect of the development status, and put forward the development countermeasures, providing reference for the modernization research and development of Xiaojin Pills.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cápsulas , Controle de Qualidade , Pesquisa
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(13): 2473-2478, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840686

RESUMO

To increase the permeation and retention of isopsoralen in skin, and improve its bioavailability.Isopsoralen loaded nanostructure liquid carrier (IPRN-NLC) was prepared by high pressure homogenization andoptimized by orthogonal experiment with the encapsulation efficiency, drug loading and average particle size as the evaluation indexes. The in vitro transdermal permeation of IPRN-NLC was evaluated by Franze diffusion cells.The results showed that solid-liquid lipid ratio of optimum IPRN-NLC formulation was 7∶3,drug-lipid ratio of 1∶30, 1% surfactant. Under these conditions, IPRN-NLC had an average encapsulation of (90.25±0.73)%,drug loading of (1.56±0.27)% and an average particle size of (305±1.57) nm.The in vitro transdermal permeation results showed that IPRN-NLC could increase the amount of IPRN permeated though skin, with 3 times of the epidermal retention as compared with IPRN solution. From the results we can know that the IPRN-NLC prepared by high pressure homogenization can improve the permeation andaccumulation of IPRN in the skin, with wide application prospects in the field of transdermal administration.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos , Furocumarinas/farmacocinética , Nanoestruturas , Absorção Cutânea , Administração Cutânea , Lipídeos , Tamanho da Partícula
17.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 44(4): 417-24, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19545062

RESUMO

To increase drug concentration in the head through intranasal administration, we have investigated the excised animal nasal mucosa permeability and nasal toxicity of the baicalin drug carrier systems, such as baicalin liposomes, beta-cyclodextrin inclusion compound, and phospholipid complex. A transport of baicalin drug carrier systems through nasal mucosa was simulated in diffusion chamber in vitro, and swine, caprine and rabbit nasal mucosa was used, the concentration of drug in the receptor was determined by HPLC. By taking the apparent permeability coefficients as evaluation standard, investigated the isolated animal nasal mucosa permeability of different baicalin drug systems was investigated for screening the best baicalin drug carrier system through nasal cavity administration. Toxicity of baicalin and its phospholipids complex on toad palate mucosal cilia movement and rats nasal mucosa long-term toxicity were studied in vivo. The apparent permeability coefficient of three kinds of baicalin drug carrier systems was better than that of baicalin (P < 0.05), and its lag-time was obviously shortened. At the same time, the apparent permeability coefficient of phospholipid complex was higher than those of other two drug carrier systems (P < 0.05). The results showed that the baicalin phospholipids complex nasal mucosa permeability was obviously superior to the other two drug systems. Baicalin phospholipids complex had no toxicity to ciliary movement, and had no irritation to rat nasal mucosa. The results show that baicalin phospholipid complex was the best baicalin drug carrier system, it could significantly enhance the permeability of baicalin across nasal mucosa, had no toxicity to nasal mucosa, and could be used for intranasal administration.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/farmacocinética , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Bufo bufo , Portadores de Fármacos/toxicidade , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Cabras , Lipossomos/farmacocinética , Lipossomos/toxicidade , Masculino , Mucosa Nasal/efeitos dos fármacos , Palato/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade , Fosfolipídeos/toxicidade , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Suínos , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacocinética , beta-Ciclodextrinas/toxicidade
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 32(13): 1280-4, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17879725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Taking Chinese compound medicine Yuchangning as a research model, prepared the pH and time dependent Yuchangning tablets for colon-specific delivery (PT-YT-CSD), and evaluated the releasing property in vitro. METHOD: The coating prescription is filtered by the release extent of matrine and oxymatrine in vitro and the wicking rate of the tablet, which including the category and proportion of film forming agent and porogen, the sort and dosage of fluidizing agent, the increment of weight after coating and so on. The releasing property of the preparation is evaluated by the dissolution tests in vitro through measuring the content of matrine and oxymatrine content. RESULT: The preparation method of the PYTCSD: After prepared plain tablets, the 95% alcoholic solution of EC and Eudragit II are mixed in a 7:3 EC: Eudragit II ratio and then added in DEP up to 10% of the coating amount, reduced the alcohol concentration to 4% by diluting with ethonal. Tablet was coated by the alcohol solution and the weight of the plain tablet was increased by 3%. The dissolution tests in vitro indicated that matrine and oxymatrine were not dissolved in the simulated gastric juice after 2 h. The accumulative quantities of matrine and oxymatrine were less than 10% in the simulated intestinal juice after 4 h. The quantities of matrine and oxymatrine are 75.7% and 76.8% in the simulated colon juice after 1 h. CONCLUSION: The PYTCSD was prepared and the preparation could fulfil the aim of delivering in the specific colon in vitro.


Assuntos
Colo/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Alcaloides/análise , Astragalus propinquus/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Combinação de Medicamentos , Composição de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Absorção Intestinal , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos , Quinolizinas/análise , Sophora/química , Comprimidos com Revestimento Entérico
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