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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 305: 120567, 2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737205

RESUMO

Hydrogels with prominent flexibility, versatility, and high sensitivity play an important role in the design and fabrication of wearable sensors. In particular, these flexible conductive hydrogels exhibit elastic modulus that is highly compatible with human skin, demonstrating the great potential for flexible sensing. However, the preparation of high-performance hydrogel-based sensors that can restrain extreme cold conditions is still challenging. Herein, a novel anti-freezing composite hydrogel with superior conductivity based on polyacrylamide (PAM), LiCl, and PEDOT:PSS coated cellulose nanofibrils (PAM/PEDOT:PSS/CNF) is constructed. The addition of CNF increased the hydrogen bonding sites of the molecular chains in the micro, thus improving the mechanical strength and the conductivity of the hydrogel in the macro. The hydrogels achieve a high tensile strength of 0.19 MPa, compressive strength of 0.92 MPa, and dissipation energy of 41.9 kJ/m3. Otherwise, LiCl increases the interactions between the colloidal phase and water molecules, endowing the hydrogels with excellent freezing tolerance. Specifically, the optimized hydrogel of 45 % LiCl exhibited stable mechanical properties at -40 °C. Finally, the composite hydrogel was used to assemble flexible sensors with high sensitivity of 10.3 MPa-1, which can detect a wide range of human movements and physiological activities.

2.
Mol Pain ; : 17448069231158289, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733258

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain is a common dose-limiting side effect of oxaliplatin, which hampers the effective treatment of tumors. Here, we found that upregulation of transcription factor NFATc2 decreased the expression of Beclin-1, a critical molecule in autophagy, in the spinal dorsal horn, and contributed to neuropathic pain following oxaliplatin treatment. Meanwhile, manipulating autophagy levels by intrathecal injection of rapamycin (RAPA) or 3-methyladenine (3-MA) differentially altered mechanical allodynia in oxaliplatin-treated or naïve rats. Utilizing chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) assay combined with bioinformatics analysis, we found that NFATc2 negatively regulated the transcription of tuberous sclerosis complex protein 2 (TSC2), which contributed to the oxaliplatin-induced Beclin-1 downregulation. Further assays revealed that NFATc2 regulated histone H4 acetylation and methylation in the TSC2 promoter site 1 in rats' dorsal horns with oxaliplatin treatment. These results suggested that NFATc2 mediated the epigenetic downregulation of the TSC2/Beclin-1 autophagy pathway and contributed to oxaliplatin-induced mechanical allodynia, which provided a new therapeutic insight for chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain.

3.
Nano Lett ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723626

RESUMO

The electron vortex beam (EVB)-carrying quantized orbital angular momentum (OAM) plays an essential role in a series of fundamental research. However, the radius of the transverse intensity profile of a doughnut-shaped EVB strongly depends on the topological charge of the OAM, impeding its wide applications in electron microscopy. Inspired by the perfect vortex in optics, herein, we demonstrate a perfect electron vortex beam (PEVB), which completely unlocks the constraint between the beam size and the beam's OAM. We design nanoscale holograms to generate PEVBs carrying different quanta of OAM but exhibiting almost the same beam size. Furthermore, we show that the beam size of the PEVB can be readily controlled by only modifying the design parameters of the hologram. The generation of PEVB with a customized beam size independent of the OAM can promote various in situ applications of free electrons carrying OAM in electron microscopy.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709451

RESUMO

Alkyl chain modification strategies in both organic semiconductors and inorganic dielectrics play a crucial role in improving the performance of organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs). Polyimide (PI) and its derivatives have received extensive attention as dielectrics for application in OTFTs because of flexibility, high-temperature resistance, and low cost. However, low-temperature solution processing PI-based gate dielectric for flexible OTFTs with high mobility, low operating voltage, and high operational stability remains an enormous challenge. Furthermore, even though di-n-decyldinaphtho[2,3-b:2',3'-f]thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (C10-DNTT) is known to have very high mobility as an air-stable and high-performance organic semiconductor, the C10-DNTT-based TFTs on the PI gate dielectrics still showed relatively low mobility. Here, inspired by alkyl side chain engineering, we design and synthesize a series of PI materials with different alkyl side chain lengths and systematically investigate the PI surface properties and the evolution of organic semiconductor morphology deposited on PI surfaces during the variation of alkyl side chain lengths. It is found that the alkyl side chain length has a critical influence on the PI surface properties, as well as the grain size and molecular orientation of semiconductors. Good field-effect characteristics are obtained with high mobilities (up to 1.05 and 5.22 cm2/Vs, which are some of the best values reported to date), relatively low operating voltage, hysteresis-free behavior, and high operational stability in OTFTs. These results suggest that the strategy of optimizing alkyl side-chain lengths opens up a new research avenue for tuning semiconductor growth to enable high mobility and outstanding operational stability of PI-based OTFTs.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cardiotoxicity induced by human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) inhibitors in patients with breast cancer has been reported widely. However, these data sources were largely limited to fewer patients in clinical trials and case reports, lacking more comprehensive analysis from real-world data. METHODS: The cases diagnosed with breast cancer from January 2004 to December 2021 were extracted from the FDA adverse event database and further divided into 3 groups (the HER-2 inhibitor group, the positive control group, and the control group). The association between HER-2 inhibitors and cardiovascular adverse events was evaluated using the reporting odds ratio (ROR), a disproportionality method. RESULTS: A total of 167,639 breast cancer patients were included, including 18,615 cases in the HER-2 inhibitor drug group, 2568 cases in the positive control group, and 146,456 cases in the control group. A total of 2529 cases (13.5%) treated with HER-2 inhibitors experienced cardiovascular adverse events, mainly reported by health professionals (81.5%). The disproportionality analysis showed that cardiomyopathy was observed in all HER-2 inhibitors except trastuzumab deruxtecan. Trastuzumab-related CVAEs were most frequently reported (N =2075), and the median time was 80.50 days (IQR: 8.00 to 206.75 days). CONCLUSION: Based on real-world data analysis, our study demonstrated a significant association between HER-2 inhibitors and cardiovascular toxicity. Cardiac function in patients with breast cancer should be monitored early during anti-HER therapy, especially within six months.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(3): 653-662, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637234

RESUMO

Defect passivation through Lewis acid-base chemistry has recently attracted significant interest because of its proven ability to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, tedious trial-and-error procedures are commonly used for the selection of Lewis molecules due to their abundant variety. Herein, two typical Lewis base molecules, the M molecule containing only carbonyl groups and the 3M molecule containing both carbonyl and carboxyl groups, are proposed to passivate the Pb-based defects and mitigate their negative impacts on PSC performance. The results indicated that much stronger coordination bonds can be formed between the 3M molecule and uncoordinated Pb2+ than with the M molecule. Because of the benefit from the synergetic co-passivation effect of carbonyl and carboxyl groups, an impressive maximum PCE of 24.07% was achieved via 3M modification. More importantly, the modified devices demonstrated remarkably improved operational stability.

7.
Pak J Med Sci ; 39(1): 23-27, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694774

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects of ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) and thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) on postoperative analgesia and inflammation control in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. The records of patients who underwent upper abdominal surgery in our hospital from June 2019 to January 2021 were selected and retrospectively divided into two groups based on the analgesia method. Fifty-nine patients received ultrasound-guided SAPB analgesia (SAPB-group) and 55 patients received ultrasound-guided TPVB analgesia (TPVB-Group). Patients were matched for age, gender and body-mass index (BMI). The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of pain at two hours(T1), six hours (T2), 12 hours (T3), 24 hours (T4) and 48 hours (T5) after the operation were compared between the two groups. The levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) at the completion of surgery (T0) and T4 were compared between the two groups. Results: The duration of block in SAPB-group was higher than that in TPVB-group (P<0.05). VAS scores of SAPB-groups were significantly lower than those of TPVB-group at all-time points (P<0.05) except at rest 48 hour after the procedure. The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α at 24 hours after the operation in both groups were significantly higher than immediately at the end of the operation (P<0.05). Levels of IL-6 and TNF-α 24 hours after the operation were significantly lower in the SAPB-group than in the TPVB-group (P<0.05), while the levels of IL-10 24 hours after the operation were significantly higher in the SAPB-group (P<0.05). Conclusions: SAPB block under ultrasound guidance for patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery has good anesthetic and analgesic effect and can significantly improve the level of postoperative inflammation.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis associated ovarian cancer (EAOC) is difficult to diagnose as low incidence, uncertain risk factors, and absence of effective markers. This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics of EAOC and identify useful serological markers. METHODS: We retrospectively studied clinical characteristics of 220 patients, of which 44 with EAOC and 176 with ovarian endometriosis (OEM), obtained from January 1, 2011 to October 31, 2021. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to explore relationship between clinical characteristics and EAOC. Receiver operating characteristic curves were applied to access the diagnostic value of serological markers in EAOC. RESULTS: EAOC patients were older (46.20 vs. 36.26 years, P < 0.001) and had larger tumor ((9.10 vs. 6.73 cm, P = 0.003)) along with higher CA19-9 (21.44 vs. 4.72 U/mL, P < 0.001) and HE4 levels (62.35 vs. 44.19 pmol/L, P < 0.001) when compared to OEM patients. Multivariate analysis showed that HE4 ≥ 59.7 pmol/L, CA19-9 ≥ 8.5 U/mL, age ≥ 42 years, and tumor length ≥ 9.2 cm were independent risk factors for EAOC. Significantly, CA19-9 combined with HE4 had high sensitivity (72.73%) and specificity (78.41%) in diagnosing EAOC. CONCLUSION: Age over 42 years, large ovarian tumor, serum CA19-9 and HE4 are valuable in the diagnosis of EAOC.

9.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 778, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642764

RESUMO

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is related to repeated upper airway collapse, intermittent hypoxia, and intestinal barrier dysfunction. The resulting damage to the intestinal barrier may affect or be affected by the intestinal microbiota. A prospective case-control was used, including 48 subjects from Sleep Medicine Center of Nanfang Hospital. Sleep apnea was diagnosed by overnight polysomnography. Fecal samples and blood samples were collected from subjects to detect fecal microbiome composition (by 16S rDNA gene amplification and sequencing) and intestinal barrier biomarkers-intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) and D-lactic acid (D-LA) (by ELISA and colorimetry, respectively). Plasma D-LA and I-FABP were significantly elevated in patients with OSA. The severity of OSA was related to differences in the structure and composition of the fecal microbiome. Enriched Fusobacterium, Megamonas, Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006, and reduced Anaerostipes was found in patients with severe OSA. Enriched Ruminococcus_2, Lachnoclostridium, Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006, and Alloprevotella was found in patients with high intestinal barrier biomarkers. Lachnoclostridium and Lachnospiraceae_UCG_006 were the common dominant bacteria of OSA and intestinal barrier damage. Fusobacterium and Peptoclostridium was independently associated with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The dominant genera of severe OSA were also related to glucose, lipid, neutrophils, monocytes and BMI. Network analysis identified links between the fecal microbiome, intestinal barrier biomarkers, and AHI. The study confirms that changes in the intestinal microbiota are associated with intestinal barrier biomarkers among patients in OSA. These changes may play a pathophysiological role in the systemic inflammation and metabolic comorbidities associated with OSA, leading to multi-organ morbidity of OSA.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Polissonografia/métodos , Biomarcadores
10.
mBio ; : e0348722, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651735

RESUMO

The alteration of gut microbiota structure plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of abnormal glycometabolism. However, the microbiome features identified in patient groups stratified solely based on glucose levels remain controversial among different studies. In this study, we stratified 258 participants (discovery cohort) into three clusters according to an unsupervised method based on 16 clinical parameters involving the levels of blood glucose, insulin, and lipid. We found 67 cluster-specific microbiome features (i.e., amplicon sequence variants [ASVs]) based on 16S rRNA gene V3-V4 region sequencing. Specifically, ASVs belonging to Barnesville and Alistipes were enriched in cluster 1, in which participants had the lowest blood glucose levels, high insulin sensitivity, and a high-fecal short-chain fatty acid concentration. ASVs belonging to Prevotella copri and Ruminococcus gnavus were enriched in cluster 2, which was characterized by a moderate level of blood glucose, serious insulin resistance, and high levels of cholesterol and triglyceride. Cluster 3 was characterized by a high level of blood glucose and insulin deficiency, enriched with ASVs in P. copri and Bacteroides vulgatus. In addition, machine learning classifiers using the 67 cluster-specific ASVs were used to distinguish individuals in one cluster from those in the other two clusters both in discovery and testing cohorts (n = 83). Therefore, microbiome features identified based on the unsupervised stratification of patients with more inclusive clinical parameters may better reflect microbiota alterations associated with the progression of abnormal glycometabolism. IMPORTANCE The gut microbiota is altered in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and prediabetes. The association of particular bacteria with T2D, however, varied among studies, which has made it challenging to develop precision medicine approaches for the prevention and alleviation of T2D. Blood glucose level is the only parameter in clustering patients when identifying the T2D-related bacteria in previous studies. This stratification ignores the fact that patients within the same blood glucose range differ in their insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, which also may be related to disordered gut microbiota. In addition to parameters of blood glucose levels, we also used additional parameters involving insulin and lipid levels to stratify participants into three clusters and further identified cluster-specific microbiome features. We further validated the association between these microbiome features and glycometabolism with an independent cohort. This study highlights the importance of stratification of patients with blood glucose, insulin, and lipid levels when identifying the microbiome features associated with the progression of abnormal glycometabolism.

11.
Neurosci Bull ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637791

RESUMO

Effective treatments for neuropathic pain are lacking due to our limited understanding of the mechanisms. The circRNAs are mainly enriched in the central nervous system. However, their function in various physiological and pathological conditions have yet to be determined. Here, we identified circFhit, an exon-intron circRNA expressed in GABAergic neurons, which reduced the inhibitory synaptic transmission in the spinal dorsal horn to mediate spared nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Moreover, we found that circFhit decreased the expression of GAD65 and induced hyperexcitation in NK1R+ neurons by promoting the expression of its parental gene Fhit in cis. Mechanistically, circFhit was directly bound to the intronic region of Fhit, and formed a circFhit/HNRNPK complex to promote Pol II phosphorylation and H2B monoubiquitination by recruiting CDK9 and RNF40 to the Fhit intron. In summary, we revealed that the exon-intron circFhit contributes to GABAergic neuron-mediated NK1R+ neuronal hyperexcitation and neuropathic pain via regulating Fhit in cis.

12.
Biomacromolecules ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638823

RESUMO

Random heteropolymers (RHPs) have been computationally designed and experimentally shown to recapitulate protein-like phase behavior and function. However, unlike proteins, RHP sequences are only statistically defined and cannot be sequenced. Recent developments in reversible-deactivation radical polymerization allowed simulated polymer sequences based on the well-established Mayo-Lewis equation to more accurately reflect ground-truth sequences that are experimentally synthesized. This led to opportunities to perform bioinformatics-inspired analysis on simulated sequences to guide the design, synthesis, and interpretation of RHPs. We compared batches on the order of 10000 simulated RHP sequences that vary by synthetically controllable and measurable RHP characteristics such as chemical heterogeneity and average degree of polymerization. Our analysis spans across 3 levels: segments along a single chain, sequences within a batch, and batch-averaged statistics. We discuss simulator fidelity and highlight the importance of robust segment definition. Examples are presented that demonstrate the use of simulated sequence analysis for in-silico iterative design to mimic protein hydrophobic/hydrophilic segment distributions in RHPs and compare RHP and protein sequence segments to explain experimental results of RHPs that mimic protein function. To facilitate the community use of this workflow, the simulator and analysis modules have been made available through an open source toolkit, the RHPapp.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655733

RESUMO

Two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (2D COFs) have been well employed for electrocatalytic systems because of their structural diversities. However, the atomic utilization efficiency was still under improved, because of the catalytic centers located in the basal layers, which is difficult to access the electrolytes. Herein, we have first demonstrated 1D COFs for 2e- oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). With using different four-connectivity blocks, the prepared 1D COFs display good crystallinity, high surface areas, and excellent chemical stability. The more exposed catalytic sites made the 1D COFs showed higher electrochemically active surface areas, 4.8-fold of that of controlled 2D COF, and thus enable to catalyze ORR with higher H2O2 selectivity of 85.8% and activity with TOF value of 0.051 s-1 at 0.2 V, than those of 2D COF (72.9% and 0.032 s-1). This work paves the way to developing COFs with low dimension for electrocatalysis.

14.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221147569, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715096

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is a hallmark of chronic kidney disease, while efficient therapy against renal fibrosis is still lacking. In this study, we investigated the role of a novel small-molecule compound VCP979 on renal fibrosis and inflammation in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). One week after the UUO surgery, rats were administered VCP979 by gavage for one week, and after treatment, magnetic resonance imaging of T1rho mapping and histopathological analysis were performed to evaluate renal fibrosis in vivo and ex vivo. This study showed that treatment with VCP979 effectively reduced renal fibrosis, extracellular matrix accumulation, and alleviated epithelial-mesenchymal transition in UUO rats, as well as improved renal function. In vivo T1rho mapping displayed increased T1rho values in the UUO rats, which was decreased after VCP979 treatment, and a positive correlation was detected between the T1rho values and the percentage of fibrotic area. Moreover, the administration of VCP979 also ameliorated the inflammatory cytokines expression and the infiltration of macrophages in renal tissues. Mechanistically, VCP979 treatment inhibited the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, nuclear factor-kappa B, and transforming growth factor-ß1/Smads signaling pathways. These results indicated that VCP979 could be an effective therapeutic agent for alleviating renal fibrosis and inflammation in the rat model of UUO via its antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory effects.

15.
Steroids ; 192: 109182, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642107

RESUMO

Four new steroids, namely sinulasterols D-G (1-4), along with seven known related ones 5-11, were isolated from the Xisha soft coral Sinularia depressa. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by a combination of extensive spectroscopic analyses, chemical conversion method, and comparison of the NMR data with those of known analogues. In in vitro bioassays, compounds 1-3 showed significant antibacterial activities against gram-positive bacteria Enterococcus faecium with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 62.5, 125, and 125 µM, respectively, comparable with that of vancomycin (MIC: >44.2 µM).

16.
J Neurosci ; 43(3): 472-483, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639890

RESUMO

Social deficits and dysregulations in dopaminergic midbrain-striato-frontal circuits represent transdiagnostic symptoms across psychiatric disorders. Animal models suggest that interactions between the dopamine (DA) and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may modulate learning and reward-related processes. The present study therefore examined the behavioral and neural effects of the Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonist losartan on social reward and punishment processing in humans. A preregistered randomized double-blind placebo-controlled between-subject pharmacological design was combined with a social incentive delay (SID) functional MRI (fMRI) paradigm during which subjects could avoid social punishment or gain social reward. Healthy volunteers received a single-dose of losartan (50 mg, n = 43, female = 17) or placebo (n = 44, female = 20). We evaluated reaction times (RTs) and emotional ratings as behavioral and activation and functional connectivity as neural outcomes. Relative to placebo, losartan modulated the reaction time and arousal differences between social punishment and social reward. On the neural level the losartan-enhanced motivational salience of social rewards was accompanied by stronger ventral striatum-prefrontal connectivity during reward anticipation. Losartan increased the reward-neutral difference in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and attenuated VTA associated connectivity with the bilateral insula in response to punishment during the outcome phase. Thus, losartan modulated approach-avoidance motivation and emotional salience during social punishment versus social reward via modulating distinct core nodes of the midbrain-striato-frontal circuits. The findings document a modulatory role of the renin-angiotensin system in these circuits and associated social processes, suggesting a promising treatment target to alleviate social dysregulations.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Social deficits and anhedonia characterize several mental disorders and have been linked to the midbrain-striato-frontal circuits of the brain. Based on initial findings from animal models we here combine the pharmacological blockade of the Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) via losartan with functional MRI (fMRI) to demonstrate that AT1R blockade enhances the motivational salience of social rewards and attenuates the negative impact of social punishment via modulating the communication in the midbrain-striato-frontal circuits in humans. The findings demonstrate for the first time an important role of the AT1R in social reward processing in humans and render the AT1R as promising novel treatment target for social and motivational deficits in mental disorders.


Assuntos
Losartan , Motivação , Animais , Humanos , Feminino , Losartan/farmacologia , Punição/psicologia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina , Angiotensinas/farmacologia , Recompensa , Dopamina/farmacologia , Mesencéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
17.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 9(1): 1, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596826

RESUMO

Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) with multiple incentives is a metabolic skeletal disease that occurs in fast-growing broilers. Perturbations in the gut microbiota (GM) have been shown to affect bone homoeostasis, but the mechanisms by which GM modulates bone metabolism in TD broilers remain unknown. Here, using a broiler model of TD, we noted elevated blood glucose (GLU) levels in TD broilers, accompanied by alterations in the pancreatic structure and secretory function and damaged intestinal barrier function. Importantly, faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) of gut microbes from normal donors rehabilitated the GM and decreased the elevated GLU levels in TD broilers. A high GLU level is a predisposing factor to bone disease, suggesting that GM dysbiosis-mediated hyperglycaemia might be involved in bone regulation. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and short-chain fatty acid analysis revealed that the significantly increased level of the metabolite butyric acid derived from the genera Blautia and Coprococcus regulated GLU levels in TD broilers by binding to GPR109A in the pancreas. Tibial studies showed reduced expression of vascular regulatory factors (including PI3K, AKT and VEFGA) based on transcriptomics analysis and reduced vascular distribution, contributing to nonvascularization of cartilage in the proximal tibial growth plate of TD broilers with elevated GLU levels. Additionally, treatment with the total flavonoids from Rhizoma drynariae further validated the improvement in bone homoeostasis in TD broilers by regulating GLU levels through the regulation of GM to subsequently improve intestinal and pancreatic function. These findings clarify the critical role of GM-mediated changes in GLU levels via the gut-pancreas axis in bone homoeostasis in TD chickens.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Osteocondrodisplasias , Animais , Osteocondrodisplasias/terapia , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Osteocondrodisplasias/metabolismo , Tiram , Galinhas , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Homeostase , Glucose
18.
Carbohydr Res ; 523: 108729, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535216

RESUMO

Two new rhamnosides, 18-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosylabietic acid (1) and (E)-3,5-dimethoxystilben-4'-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (2), five known glucosides (3-7) along with three others were isolated from Cynanchum atratum roots. The structures of new compounds were elucidated by physical data analyses such as NMR, UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, as well as acid hydrolysis. All of them were assessed for their antioxidant activities through 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical ion (ABTS•+), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical (DPPH•) and 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide radical (PTIO•) assay, with l-ascorbic acid used as the positive control. As a result, compounds 3-5 exhibited obvious antioxidant activities. These bioactive components could be promising antioxidants.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Vincetoxicum , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Glicosídeos/química , Ácido Ascórbico/química
19.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 127: 589-602, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522088

RESUMO

The prevalence of artificial lights not only improves the lighting conditions for modern society, but also poses kinds of health threats to human health. Although there are regulations and standards concerning light pollution, few of them are based on the potential contribution of improper lighting to diseases. Therefore, a better understanding of the health threats induced by light pollution may promote risk assessment and better regulation of artificial lights, thereby a healthy lighting environment. This review is based on a careful collection of the latest papers from 2018 to 2022 about the health threats of light pollution, both epidemiologically and experimentally. In addition to summing up the novel associations of light pollution with obesity, mental disorders, cancer, etc., we highlight the toxicological mechanism of light pollution via circadian disruption, since light pollution directly interferes with the natural light-dark cycles, and damages the circadian photoentrainment of organisms. And by reviewing the alternations of clock genes and disturbance of melatonin homeostasis induced by artificial lights, we aim to excavate the profound impacts of light pollution based on accumulating studies, thus providing perspectives for future research and guiding relevant regulations and standards.


Assuntos
Melatonina , Neoplasias , Humanos , Ritmo Circadiano , Poluição Luminosa , Medição de Risco
20.
Head Neck ; 45(3): 629-637, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop a common follow-up strategy for appropriate imaging examination at an appropriate time for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Independent prognostic factors were identified by Cox regression analysis, and a nomogram model was developed. Random survival forest (RSF) model was constructed to depict probability of disease failure during a 5-year follow-up and establish a reasonable risk-based follow-up strategy. RESULTS: The nomogram model finally categorized the patients into three risk groups. RSF model demonstrated distribution trends for local and regional recurrences, bone metastasis, liver metastasis, and lung metastasis of NPC. Adequate imaging at follow-up should be considered between 10 and 21 months for patients at moderate-risk of recurrence or metastasis and 7-36 months for those at high-risk. CONCLUSIONS: The temporal distribution of incidence rates of recurrence or metastasis varied among different risk groups. We recommend implementing a focused and targeted imaging surveillance intervention at appropriate times to improve its efficiency and reduce costs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Prognóstico , Seguimentos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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