Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Anal Chem ; 93(33): 11634-11640, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378382

RESUMO

Exploring the ratiometric fluorescence biosensing of DNA-templated biemissive silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) is significant in bioanalysis, yet the design of a stimuli-responsive DNA device is a challenge. Herein, using the anti-digoxin antibody (anti-Dig) with two identical binding sites as a model, a tweezer-like DNA architecture is assembled to populate fluorescent green- and red-AgNCs (g-AgNCs and r-AgNCs), aiming to produce a ratio signal via specific recognition of anti-Dig with two haptens (DigH). To this end, four DNA probes are programmed, including a reporter strand (RS) dually ended with a g-/r-AgNC template sequence, an enhancer strand (ES) tethering two same G-rich tails (G18), a capture strand (CS) labeled with DigH at two ends, and a help strand (HS). Initially, both g-AgNCs and r-AgNCs wrapped in the intact RS are nonfluorescent, whereas the base pairing between RS, ES, CS, and HS resulted in the construction of DNA mechanical tweezers with two symmetric arms hinged by a rigid "fulcrum", in which g-AgNCs are lighted up due to G18 proximity ("green-on"), and r-AgNCs away from G18 are still dark ("red-off"). When two DigHs in proximity recognize and bind anti-Dig, the conformation switch of these tweezers resultantly occurs, taking g-AgNCs away from G18 for "green-off" and bringing r-AgNCs close to G18 for "red-on". As such, the ratiometric fluorescence of r-AgNCs versus g-AgNCs is generated in response to anti-Dig, achieving reliable quantization with a limit of detection at the picomolar level. Based on the fast stimulated switch of unique DNA tweezers, our ratiometric strategy of dual-emitting AgNCs would provide a new avenue for a variety of bioassays.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Anticorpos , DNA , Fluorescência , Prata , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
2.
Analyst ; 146(16): 5067-5073, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297024

RESUMO

Designing antibody-powered DNA nanodevice switches is crucial and fascinating to perform a variety of functions in response to specific antibodies as regulatory inputs, achieving highly sensitive detection by integration with simple amplified methods. In this work, we report a unique DNA-based conformational switch, powered by a targeted anti-digoxin mouse monoclonal antibody (anti-Dig) as a model, to rationally initiate the hybridization chain reaction (HCR) for enzyme-free signal amplification. As a proof-of-concept, both a fluorophore Cy3-labeled reporter hairpin (RH) in the 3' terminus and a single-stranded helper DNA (HS) were individually hybridized with a recognition single-stranded DNA (RS) modified with Dig hapten, while the unpaired loop of RH was hybridized with the exposed 3'-toehold of HS, isothermally self-assembling an intermediate metastable DNA structure. The introduction of target anti-Dig drove the concurrent conjugation with two tethered Dig haptens, powering the directional switch of this DNA structure into a stable conformation. In this case, the unlocked 3'-stem of RH was implemented to unfold the 5'-stem of the BHQ-2-labeled quench hairpin (QH), rationally initiating the HCR between them by the overlapping complementary hybridization. As a result, numerous pairs of Cy3 and BHQ-2 in the formed long double helix were located in spatial proximity. In response to this, the significant quenching of the fluorescence intensity of Cy3 by BHQ-2 was dependent on the variable concentration of anti-Dig, achieving a highly sensitive quantification down to the picomolar level based on a simplified protocol integrated with enzyme-free amplification.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA , Animais , DNA/genética , DNA de Cadeia Simples/genética , Corantes Fluorescentes , Imunoensaio , Limite de Detecção , Camundongos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(22): 2777-2780, 2018 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29484320

RESUMO

An ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection for Cu2+ was explored using the carboxyl functionalized poly(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl) (PS-COOH-co-PFO) dots as the signal label without adding any coreactant.

4.
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol ; 151(2): 183-90, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18639644

RESUMO

Delta(6)-Desaturase (linoleoyl-CoA desaturase, EC 1.14.19.3) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA). In this report, a Delta6 desaturase-like cDNA was cloned, and the relation of HUFA biosynthetic activity in liver with ambient salinity as well as dietary fatty acids was investigated in the euryhaline teleost Siganus canaliculatus. After the juveniles were fed four formulated diets (D1-D4) with different essential fatty acid composition (D1 with 23.49% HUFA, D2-D4 were HUFA-free, linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids account for 21.1% and 0.38%, 13.99% and 11.64%, 18.31% and 5.82% of the total fatty acids, respectively) for nine weeks, the growth performance showed no difference among groups in brackish water (10 ppt) or seawater (32 ppt) (P>0.05). Comparing liver fatty acids with fish fed D1, the content of arachidonic acid in fish fed D2 or D4 was significantly higher in 10 ppt (P<0.05), but showed no difference in 32 ppt; the contents of eicosapentaenoic (EPA), docosapentaenoic (DPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids in 10 ppt, as well as EPA in 32 ppt in fish fed D3 showed no difference, whereas those of DPA and DHA were significantly lower in 32 ppt (P<0.05). These data suggest that S. canaliculatus may convert linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids into HUFA and such a capacity was stronger in low salinity than that in high salinity. Consistent with this, the liver levels of Delta6 desaturase mRNA in fish fed D2-D4 were generally higher than in fish fed D1 in both salinities, and the total expression level in 10 ppt was about 1.56 times of that in 32 ppt, suggesting that transcriptional control of Delta6 desaturase is involved in such a HUFA biosynthesis. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the relation of HUFA biosynthetic activity with ambient salinity in a euryhaline fish.


Assuntos
Gorduras Insaturadas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Essenciais/administração & dosagem , Linoleoil-CoA Desaturase/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Perciformes/genética , Perciformes/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Primers do DNA/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/biossíntese , Expressão Gênica , Linoleoil-CoA Desaturase/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Salinidade , Água do Mar , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Distribuição Tecidual
5.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 392(1-2): 297-303, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18622753

RESUMO

This work describes the development and fabrication of a selective polymeric membrane electrode for iodide ion based on a metallophthalocyanin complex with a titanium(IV) atom at the center (as an oxo-titanium, Ti=O, group), phthalocyaninatotitanium(IV) oxide (PcTiO), as a sensing carrier. The potential response characteristics of the electrode were investigated by changing the type of plasticizer as well as the amounts of the carrier and different lipophilic ionic site additives in the sensing membrane. It is shown that the membrane electrode incorporated with 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether as the plasticizer and hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide as the appropriate cationic additive exhibits enhanced potential response toward iodide over other anions tested. Over the period of this study, the resulting electrode based on PcTiO displayed a stable near-Nernstian slope approaching -58.9 mV decade(-1) with a linear response spanning at least 5 orders of magnitude in concentration from 1.0 x 10(-1) to 9.2 x 10(-7) mol L(-1) and a detection limit of 8.5-10(-7) mol L(-1). The preferential potential response to iodide may be attributed to the unique recognition of carrier PcTiO in the organic membrane phase for iodide in solution. Under laboratory conditions, the present electrode also works well in partially nonaqueous media. The excellent analytical features of the proposed electrode could lead to its successful application in determining the end point in electrometric titration of iodide with Ag(+) and the direct potential determination of iodide concentration in wastewater and drug preparations.


Assuntos
Indóis/química , Iodetos/análise , Eletrodos Íon-Seletivos , Titânio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Iodetos/química , Membranas Artificiais , Cloreto de Polivinila/química , Potenciometria/métodos , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Anal Sci ; 22(10): 1345-9, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17038774

RESUMO

In this paper, a new PVC-based liquid-membrane anion-selective electrode based on a copper(II) of N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-1,2-bis(p-aminophenoxy)ethane tetradentate complex (Cu(II)BBAP) is described, which displays a preferential potentiometric response to iodide ion at pH 2.0 and an anti-Hofmeister selectivity sequence: I->SCN->ClO4->NO2->H2PO4->NO3->SO4(2-)>Br->Cl-. The electrode exhibits a near-Nernstian potential linear range of 8.2x10(-7)-1.0x10(-1) M with a detection limit of 5.3x10(-7) M and a slope of -58.8 mV per decade. The A.C. impedance technique and the UV/Vis spectroscopy technique were used to analyze the response mechanism. The electrode could be applied to determine iodide in medicine analysis, and the obtained results were fairly satisfactory.

7.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 385(5): 926-30, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16791573

RESUMO

A novel thiocyanate (SCN-)-selective PVC membrane electrode based on a zinc-phthalocyanine (ZnPc) complex as neutral carrier is described. The membrane electrode containing ZnPc with 5.1% (w/w) ionophore, 29.2% (w/w) PVC, and 65.7% (w/w) 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (o-NPOE) as plasticizer displayed an anti-Hofmeister selectivity sequence, SCN- > Sal- > I- > ClO4- > Br- > Cl- > NO3- > NO2- > H2PO4- > SO4(2-)), and exhibited near-Nernstian potential response to thiocyanate ranging from about 1.0 x 10(-1) to 1.0 x 10(-6) mol L(-1) with a detection limit of 7.5 x 10(-7) mol L(-1) and a slope of 58.1+/-0.5 mV per decade in pH 3.0 phosphate buffer solution at 25 degrees C. This preferential response is believed to be associated with the unique coordination between the central metal of the carrier and thiocyanate.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...