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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 116: 103927, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197480

RESUMO

Cathepsins belongs to the cysteine protease family, which are activated by an acidic environment. They play essential biological roles in the innate immunity and development of animals. Here, we identified a 62 kDa cathepsin L-like protease from the silkworm Bombyx mori. It contained putative conserved domains, including an I29 inhibitor domain and a peptidase C1A domain. The expression analysis revealed that cathepsin L-like was highly produced in the fat body, and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20 E) induced its expression. After challenge with three different types of heat-killed pathogens (Escherichia coli, Beauveria bassiana, and Bacillus cereus), the mRNA levels of cathepsin L-like significantly increased and displayed variable expression patterns in the immune tissues, suggesting its potential role in the innate immune response. The suppression of cathepsin L-like altered the expression of immune-related genes associated with the Toll and IMD pathway. Besides, autophagy-related genes such as Atg6, Atg8, VAMP2, Vps4, and syntaxin expression were also altered, indicating that cathepsin L-like regulates innate immunity and autophagy. Fluorescence microscopic analysis exhibited that cathepsin L-like was localized in the cytoplasm, and it was activated and dispersed throughout the cytoplasm and nucleus following the induction of anti-microbial autophagy. Altogether, our data suggest that cathepsin L-like may regulate the innate immune response and anti-microbial autophagy in the silkworm, B. mori.

2.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316158

RESUMO

Highly active oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts are important to effectively transform renewable electricity to fuel and chemicals. In this work, we construct a series of multimetal oxide nanoplate OER electrocatalysts through successive cation exchange followed by electrochemical oxidation, whose electronic structure and diversified metal active sites can be engineered via the mutual synergy among multiple metal species. Among the examined multimetal oxide nanoplates, CoCeNiFeZnCuOx nanoplates exhibit the optimal adsorption energy of OER intermediates. Together with the high electrochemical active surface area, the CoCeNiFeZnCuOx nanoplates manage to deliver a small overpotential of 211 mV at an OER current density of 10 mA cm-2 (η10) with a Tafel slope as low as 21 mV dec-1 in 1 M KOH solution, superior to commercial IrO2 (339 mV at η10, Tafel slope of 55 mV dec-1), which can be stably operated at 10 mA cm-2 (at an overpotential of 211 mV) and 100 mA cm-2 (at an overpotential of 307 mV) for 100 h.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 929, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection with direct acting antiviral therapy results in viral elimination in over 90% of cases. The duration of treatment required to achieve cure differs between individuals and relapse can occur. We asked whether cellular and transcriptional profiling of peripheral blood collected during treatment could identify biomarkers predictive of treatment outcome. METHODS: We analyzed peripheral blood collected during treatment of genotype 1 HCV with 24 weeks of sofosbuvir and weight-based or low dose ribavirin in a trial in which 29% of patients relapsed. Changes in host immunity during treatment were assessed by flow cytometry and whole blood gene expression profiling. Differences in expression of immune-relevant transcripts based on treatment outcome were analyzed using the Nanostring Human Immunology V2 panel. RESULTS: Multiple cellular populations changed during treatment, but pre-treatment neutrophil counts were lower and natural post-treatment killer cell counts were higher in patients who relapsed. Pre-treatment expression of genes associated with interferon-signaling, T-cell dysfunction, and T-cell co-stimulation differed by treatment outcome. We identified a pre- and post-treatment gene expression signature with high predictive capacity for distinguishing treatment outcome, but neither signature was sufficiently robust to suggest viability for clinical use. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who relapse after hepatitis C virus therapy differ immunologically from non-relapsers based on expression of transcripts related to interferon signaling and T-cell dysfunction, as well as by peripheral neutrophil and NK-cell concentrations. These data provide insight into the host immunologic basis of relapse after DAA therapy for HCV and suggests mechanisms which may be relevant for understanding outcomes with currently approved regimens.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepatite C Crônica/imunologia , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Recidiva , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transcriptoma , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Aquat Toxicol ; 231: 105721, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373863

RESUMO

Previous studies illustrated that gibel carp F strain displays better lipid mobilization and antioxidant ability and compared to the A strain. We therefore hypothesized that the F strain would exhibit superior defense to cadmium exposure. Comparative studies were conducted between A and F strains using plasma stress biomarkers, histological observations, and analysis of hepatic molecular events to examine exposure to waterborne Cd (11.9 mg L-1) for 48 h and 96 h. Waterborne Cd exposure stimulated stress response and hepatic metallothionein mRNA induction in both gibel carp strains confirming exposure. Antioxidant responses were stimulated to counteract Cd toxicity, suggested by the upregulation of mRNA levels of genes associated with nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (nrf2) signaling. Cd exposure induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, meanwhile, branches of genes in unfolded protein response (UPR) were activated. Slight time-dependent effects were implied by greater ER stress, UPR, and apoptosis signals with the duration of Cd exposure. Genotype-specific effects were identified, revealing that the F strain showed greater stress at 96 h exposure and higher antioxidant response compared to the A strain, as indicated by the mRNA levels of genes in nrf2 signaling. ER stress and UPR were also stronger in the F strain after Cd exposure. In contrast, the A strain showed higher autophagy and apoptosis response compared to the F strain. Collectively, combined autophagy and apoptosis were triggered under ER stress, which might serve as defense strategies in both gibel carp strains. The F strain showed greater antioxidant detoxification response and UPR to mitigate Cd toxicity, whereas excessive ER stress contributed to higher autophagy and apoptosis in the A strain. The present study uncovered the differential regulation and defense strategies in fish strains exposed to metal exposure.

5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 578777, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33329387

RESUMO

Normally, fish will decrease food intake or even stop feeding during the winter. In previous studies, two widely cultured gibel carp strains (strain A and strain F) showed differences in lipid and glucose metabolism. Therefore, we hypothesized that the physiological changes during the overwintering period would be different between the two strains. Thus, the two strains were starved for 77 days, after which the levels of glucose and lipid metabolism, ER stress, autophagy, and apoptosis were determined. The starvation increased hepatic glycogenolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation but suppressed lipogenesis in both strains overwintering. Considering the effects of genotype, strain F had higher levels of ER stress and autophagy but lower levels of apoptosis than strain A, suggesting that strain F might be more resistant to overwintering starvation. The interactions between strains and starvation periods were observed in plasma triglyceride contents and the mRNA levels of pyruvate kinase (pk), sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (srebp1), activating transcription factor 4 (atf4), and autophagy protein 12 (atg12). In conclusion, long-term starvation during winter could induce hepatic glycogenolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation but suppress lipogenesis, ER stress, autophagy, and apoptosis in gibel carp, and strain F may be more resistant to starvation during winter. Taken together, these results discovered the responses to prolonged starvation stress during winter in two strains of gibel carp and could provide information for genotype selection, especially for selecting strains better adapted to winter.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 10348-10353, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232157

RESUMO

Efficient and stable deep-blue emission from perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is required for their application in lighting and displays. However, this is difficult to achieve due to the phase segregation issue of mixed halide perovskites and the challenge of synthesizing high-quality single-halide deep-blue perovskite nanocrystals through a traditional method. Here, we show that an antisolvent treatment can facilitate the in situ formation of perovskite nanocrystals using a facile spin-coating method. We find that the dropping time of the antisolvent can significantly affect the constitution of nanocrystal perovskite films. With a delay in the start time of the antisolvent treatment, small single-halide perovskite nanocrystals can be achieved, exhibiting efficient deep-blue emission. The LED device shows a stable electroluminescence (EL) peak at 465 nm, with a peak external quantum efficiency and a peak current efficiency of 2.4% and 2.5 cd A-1, respectively. This work provides a facile approach to changing the size of perovskite nanocrystals, thus effectively tuning their EL emission spectra.

7.
Int J Oncol ; 57(6): 1358-1367, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173994

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer, and the leading cause of cancer­associated mortality in females worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic and therapeutic potential of NUF2 in BC. The expression levels of NUF2 in BC tissues and cell lines were evaluated via bioinformatics, reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC). In addition, the effect of NUF2 knockdown on BC cell proliferation and apoptosis was investigated using small interfering RNA (siRNA) technology. Bioinformatics and IHC analysis showed that NUF2 was overexpressed in BC tissues. Furthermore, western blot and RT­qPCR analyses demonstrated that NUF2 was upregulated in BC cells. In addition, BC cells transfected with NUF2 siRNA exhibited significantly decreased proliferation and colony formation, and increased apoptosis, compared with the control. Additionally, cell cycle analysis revealed that NUF2 induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest by inhibiting cyclin B1 expression. Collectively, the present study suggested that NUF2 may represent a promising prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for BC.

8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867084

RESUMO

In this paper, the superhydrophobic coating was prepared by spraying the composites of fluorocarbon emulsion and nanosized silica on the conductive glass sheet for the triboelectric energy harvesting from water droplets. The low surface energy of fluorine in the fluorocarbon emulsion and nanosilica renders the coating with the static contact angle and sliding angle of 156.2° and 6.74°, respectively. The conductive aluminum tape was attached on the surface of the superhydrophobic coating to complete the circuit constituted with the aluminum electrode, charged superhydrophobic coating, and the conductive glass sheet. During the contact electrification with the bouncing water droplet, the superhydrophobic coating with the aluminum electrode can obtain the electric energy with an open-circuit voltage of 20 V and short-circuit current of 4.5 µA, respectively. While the control device only produced an open-circuit voltage of 0.2 V. The generated power by one drop was enough to light up 16 commercial LEDs. Results demonstrate that the fluorocarbon/silica composite superhydrophobic coating is potentially a strong candidate for scavenging energy in sliding mode from raindrops.

9.
Clin Lab ; 66(9)2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The biological role of exosomes has attracted widespread attention in various fields of biomedicine. Exosome-delivered microRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in cancer diagnosis. The aim of our study was to examine whether serum exosomal miR-17-5p could be identified as a diagnostic biomarker for breast cancer (BC). METHODS: Eighty-three patients diagnosed with BC and thirty-four healthy women (controls) were included in this study. The expression level of serum exosomal miR-17-5p was identified by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and calculated by 2-ΔΔCq method. RESULTS: Reduced level of exosomal miR-17-5p in serum from BC patients was found compared with healthy controls. In addition, miR-17-5p also had low expression in 34 pairs of tissue and serum samples. MiR-17-5p was highly concentrated in serum exosomes and the expression level was stable. In addition, the exosomal miR-17-5p could distinguish BC from healthy controls with the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.784 (p < 0.0001, sensi¬tivity = 66.67%, specificity = 83.95%). The sensitivity and specificity of miR-17-5p were superior to conventional se¬rum biomarkers CEA, CA125, and CA153. We predicted target genes of miR-17-5p were also mainly involved in cancer-related pathways. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our findings strongly suggested that serum exosomal miR-17-5p could serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for BC.

10.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(2): 364-372, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941177

RESUMO

Aerobic granular sludge process as a promising biotechnology has been one of the research hotspots in the area of wastewater treatment during the last two decades. In our study, after around 60 days' operation, filamentous granular sludge (FGS) was formed under low aeration (SAV = 0.085 cm/s) and multi-feeding conditions. The characteristics of FGS and the performance of the FGS system for organic matter and nutrients removal were investigated. The results showed that chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiencies were relatively stable, while COD removal efficiency increased from 82% to 94% in the presence of sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) at low concentration (1 mg/L). At the same time, the TP removal efficiency could be improved and maintained at around 75%, while TN removal efficiency was flocculated at around 50%. The analysis of microbial diversity showed that Thiothrix and Trichococcus as typical filamentous species were detected and dominant in the FGS system. The abundance of Thiothrix increased from 15% to 34%, while Trichococcus decreased from 23% to 3% in the presence of SMZ.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Aerobiose , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio , Águas Residuárias
11.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-15, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921323

RESUMO

Previous nutritional studies have shown that insulin regulation is different between DT and A strains of gibel carp. As leptin plays a pivotal role in the effects of insulin, we hypothesised that leptin regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism would differ between the two strains. To test our hypothesis, recombinant human leptin was injected into two strains. The results showed that leptin activated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT), AMP-activated protein kinase-acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathways in both strains. Hypoglycaemia induced by leptin might be due to higher glucose uptake by the liver and muscles together with enhanced glycolytic potential and reduced gluconeogenic potential. Decreased lipogenesis and up-regulated fatty acid oxidation were induced by leptin. In terms of genotype, the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway was more strongly activated by leptin in the muscle tissue of the A strain, as reflected by the heightened phosphorylation of AKT. Furthermore, glycogen content, glycolytic enzyme activity and gluconeogenic capability were higher in the A strain than the DT strain. Strain A had higher levels of fatty acid synthesis and lipolytic capacity in the liver than the DT strain, but the opposite was true in white muscle. Regarding leptin-genotype interactions, the DT strain displayed stronger regulation of glucose metabolism in the liver by leptin as compared with the A strain. Moreover, a more active JAK2-STAT signalling pathway accompanied by enhanced inhibition of fatty acid synthesis by leptin was observed in the DT strain. Overall, the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism by leptin differed between the two strains, as expected.

12.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(6): ofaa231, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613025

RESUMO

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the pathogen causing novel coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19), efficiently spreads from person to person in close contact settings. Transmission among casual contacts in settings such as during social gatherings is not well understood. Methods: We report several transmission events to both close and casual contacts from a cluster of 7 COVID-19 cases occurring from mid-January to early February 2020. A total of 539 social and family contacts of the index patient's, including members of a 2-day wedding and a family party, were contacted and screened through epidemiologic surveys. The clinical progression of all cases is described. Results: We estimate the secondary attack rate among close contacts to be 29% (2 of 7) and for the casual contacts to be 0.6% (3 of 473). The incubation period of our case cluster was 4-12 days (median, 7 days). Conclusions: Transmission efficiency among close contacts was higher than among casual contacts; however, transmission from second-generation cases may help spread the virus during the incubation period.

13.
Chemosphere ; 261: 127597, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707321

RESUMO

Previous studies demonstrated that gibel carp A strain was more susceptible to herpesvirus infection than other strains. Thus, we hypothesized that F strain might display better defense responses than the A strain against cadmium (Cd) exposure. To test our hypothesis, gibel carp A strain and F strain were exposed to three diets comprising of different concentrations of Cd for 8 weeks to compare their resistances to Cd. Comprehensive evaluations on biochemical, physiological and histological responses were conducted post-exposure. Results showed that no adverse effects and differences were observed on growth in two strains of gibel carp, compromising of the remarkable hepatoxicity-caused liver damage as shown by histological observations. Dietary Cd exposure stimulated antioxidant defense in the liver to counteract the Cd hepatoxicity, especially in the F strain. Activation of ER stress response positively stimulated the autophagy, then triggering apoptosis in fish after dietary Cd exposure. Thus, Cd-induced autophagy served as a protective strategy to alleviate hepatoxicity, but overaction of ER stress also triggered irreparable cell death via apoptosis. Cd induced dysregulation of lipid accumulation, which might be a common mechanism in response to hepatoxicity. Last but not least, the F strain showed stronger response on antioxidant, ER stress and autophagy, but apoptosis were remitted compared with the A strain, implying the F strain showed stronger response but better defense strategies to dietary Cd exposure. Our finding provides useful information for genetic breeding in aquaculture, and ultimately contribute to the safety assessment of aquatic products for human consumption.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Cyprinidae/fisiologia , Exposição Dietética/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes , Aquicultura , Cruzamento , Carpas , Dieta , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Carpa Dourada/genética , Infecções por Herpesviridae/genética , Fígado
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11993, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32686746

RESUMO

In this paper, we combine inverse design concept and direct binary search algorithm to demonstrate three ultra-compact high efficiency and low crosstalk on-chip integrated optical interconnection basic devices in the entire wavelength range of 1,400-1600 nm based on silicon-on-insulator platform. A 90-degree waveguide bend with a footprint of only 2.4 × 2.4 µm2 is designed, whose transmission efficiency up to 0.18 dB. A waveguide crossing with a footprint of only 2.4 × 2.4 µm2 is designed, which can provide insertion loss of less than 0.5 dB and crosstalk (CL) of lower than - 19 dB. A same direction waveguide crossing with footprint of only 2.4 × 3.6 µm2 is designed, which can provide the insertion loss of less than 0.56 dB and the crosstalk of lower than - 21 dB. Then, we use them to form several ultra-compact optical interconnect basic structures and performed the simulation calculation. They overall achieve high performance. This will significantly improve the integration density.

15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 129: 110410, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Angiotensin receptor-NEP inhibitor (ARNi), which includes an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and a neprilysin inhibitor (NEPi), has been proven safe and effective for treating heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF). S086 is a novel single-molecule ARNi that includes the molecular moieties of EXP3174 (the active metabolite of the ARB losartan) and sacubitril (a NEP inhibitor prodrug) in a 1:1 M ratio. We performed preclinical animal model studies to evaluate the efficacy of S086 in treating HF. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Rat and dog models of myocardial ischemia-induced chronic heart failure were used in this research. PRINCIPAL RESULTS: The oral administration of S086 dose-dependently lowered the heart weight index, attenuated cardiac fibrosis, and improved left ventricular ejection fraction, shortening fraction, and cardiac output, without effects on hemodynamics in animal models of myocardial ischemia-induced chronic heart failure. A comparable protective effect to LCZ696 was observed for S086 at an equal molar dose in dog models. In addition, S086 was superior to LCZ696 since it significantly reversed the decrease in left ventricular posterior wall end-systolic thickness. CONCLUSION: This animal study suggests that S086 is effective in treating myocardial ischemia-induced chronic heart failure.

16.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(13): 4696-4704, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Financial loss and health risk caused by the substitution of rainbow trout for other salmonid species have become a common issue around the world. The situation could be further exacerbated in China by the 'abused' common name of San Wen Yu (the corresponding Chinese ideogram ) for salmonids, considering the absence of a standardized naming system for seafood species. To prevent such episodes, the present study aimed to develop novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene for rapid identification of rainbow trout in processed fish products. RESULTS: Rainbow trout-specific primers (LAMP and PCR) were designed, and the specificity against 23 different fish species was confirmed. The minimum amount of detectable DNA for LAMP assay reached 500 pg, up to 10-fold less than for PCR assay. In addition to agarose gel electrophoresis, naked-eye inspection of the LAMP-positive samples using SYBR Green I under daylight or ultraviolet light was also validated. Finally, commercial San Wen Yu products made from rainbow trout could be accurately identified using the newly developed LAMP and PCR assays, further cross-confirmed by mini DNA barcoding and neighbor-joining dendrograms. CONCLUSIONS: The LAMP and PCR assays established in the study allow a fast and accurate identification of rainbow trout in processed fish products. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

17.
Genome Biol Evol ; 12(6): 905-910, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32467969

RESUMO

Cold seeps, characterized by the methane, hydrogen sulfide, and other hydrocarbon chemicals, foster one of the most widespread chemosynthetic ecosystems in deep sea that are densely populated by specialized benthos. However, scarce genomic resources severely limit our knowledge about the origin and adaptation of life in this unique ecosystem. Here, we present a genome of a deep-sea limpet Bathyacmaea lactea, a common species associated with the dominant mussel beds in cold seeps. We yielded 54.6 gigabases (Gb) of Nanopore reads and 77.9-Gb BGI-seq raw reads, respectively. Assembly harvested a 754.3-Mb genome for B. lactea, with 3,720 contigs and a contig N50 of 1.57 Mb, covering 94.3% of metazoan Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs. In total, 23,574 protein-coding genes and 463.4 Mb of repetitive elements were identified. We analyzed the phylogenetic position, substitution rate, demographic history, and TE activity of B. lactea. We also identified 80 expanded gene families and 87 rapidly evolving Gene Ontology categories in the B. lactea genome. Many of these genes were associated with heterocyclic compound metabolism, membrane-bounded organelle, metal ion binding, and nitrogen and phosphorus metabolism. The high-quality assembly and in-depth characterization suggest the B. lactea genome will serve as an essential resource for understanding the origin and adaptation of life in the cold seeps.

18.
Opt Express ; 28(8): 12189-12200, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403717

RESUMO

We present a matter wave gyroscope with a Sagnac area of 5.92 cm2, achieving a short-term sensitivity of 167 nrad/s/Hz1/2. The atom interferometry gyroscope is driven by a π/2 - π - π - π/2 Raman pulse sequence based on an atom fountain with a parabolic trajectory. The phase-locked laser beams for Raman transitions partly propagate outside of the vacuum chamber and expose to the air when passing through the two arms of the vacuum chamber. This configuration leads to the tilt of the laser's wave-front and suffers the fluctuation of air density. The impacts on both the fringe contrast and long-term stability are experimentally investigated in detail, and effective schemes are developed to improve the performance of our atom gyroscope. The method presented here could be useful for developing large atom interferometry facilities with separated vacuum chambers.

19.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 28(4): 783-798, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate skeletal and dental changes in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and facial asymmetry after surgical-orthodontic treatment using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This study included forty adult patients diagnosed with skeletal Class III malocclusion and asymmetry who underwent either isolated mandibular surgery or bimaxillary surgery. CBCT scans were taken before treatment (T0), at the completion of presurgical orthodontic treatment (T1) and after treatment (T2). Mimics 17.0 and 3-Matics 7.0 were used to measure skeletal and dental parameters. Skeletal and dental changes within each group from pretreatment to posttreatment were assessed, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations among skeletal changes. RESULTS: The three-dimensional changes in condylar position were insignificant after surgical-orthodontic treatment in either group (P > 0.05). However, in the one-jaw surgery group, there were significant backward rotations of the condyle and ramus on the nondeviated side (P < 0.05), and the condyle on the deviated side rotated inward and forward significantly in the two-jaw surgery group (P < 0.05) at T2. There were no significant differences in the changes in the total alveolar bone thickness of bilateral first molars during dental decompensation (P > 0.05). The ratio between the buccal and the total bone thickness around the maxillary first molar on the deviated side decreased significantly at T1, as did those around the mandibular first molar on the nondeviated side (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Condylar angulations were less stable after treatment (7 to 9 months after surgery) in both the one-jaw and the two-jaw surgery groups, while condylar displacements were insignificant. In addition, orthodontists should keep a watchful eye to the relative position of the root in the alveolar bone during tooth decompensation.

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