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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2616, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972548

RESUMO

FUN14 domain-containing protein 1 (FUNDC1) is an integral mitochondrial outer-membrane protein, and mediates the formation of mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membranes (MAMs). This study aims to determine the contributions of FUNDC1-mediated MAMs to angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. In cultured endothelial cells, VEGF significantly increases the formation of MAMs and MAM-related proteins, including FUNDC1. Endothelial cell-specific deletion of FUNDC1, which disrupts MAM formation in endothelial cells, lowers VEGFR2 expression and reduces tube formation, spheroid-sprouting, and functional blood vessel formation in vitro and in vivo. Conversely, increased MAM formation using MAM linkers mimics the effects of VEGF and promotes endothelial angiogenesis. Mechanistically, increased MAMs formation led to increased levels of Ca2+ in cytosol, promoted the phosphorylation of serum response factor (SRF) and enhanced the binding of SRF to VEGFR2 promoter, resulting in increased VEGFR2 production, with consequent angiogenesis. Moreover, blocking FUNDC1-related MAM formation with a cell-penetrating inhibitory peptide significantly suppresses the expressions of downstream angiogenic genes and inhibits tumor angiogenesis. We conclude that decreased MAMs formation by silencing FUNDC1 can inhibit angiogenesis by decreasing VEGFR2 expression, and targeting FUNDC1-dependent MAMs might be a promising approach for treating human disorders characterized by defective angiogenesis.

2.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(4): 1298-1311, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973443

RESUMO

As a class of multifunctional biocatalysts, halohydrin dehalogenases are of great interest for the synthesis of chiral ß-substituted alcohols and epoxides. There are less than 40 halohydrin dehalogenases with relatively clear catalytic functions, and most of them do not meet the requirements of scientific research and practical applications. Therefore, it is of great significance to excavate and identify more halohydrin dehalogenases. In the present study, a putative halohydrin dehalogenase (HHDH-Ra) from Rhodospirillaceae bacterium was expressed and its enzymatic properties were investigated. The HHDH-Ra gene was cloned into the expression host Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) and the target protein was shown to be soluble. Substrate specificity studies showed that HHDH-Ra possesses excellent specificity for 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (1,3-DCP) and ethyl-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate (CHBE). The optimum pH and temperature for HHDH-Ra with 1,3-DCP as the reaction substrate were 8.0 and 30 °C, respectively. HHDH-Ra was stable at pH 6.0-8.0 and maintained about 70% of its original activity after 100 h of treatment. The thermal stability results revealed that HHDH-Ra has a half-life of 60 h at 30 °C and 40 °C. When the temperature is increased to 50 °C, the enzyme still has a half-life of 20 h, which is much higher than that of the reported enzymes. To sum up, the novel halohydrin dehalogenase from Rhodospirillaceae bacterium possesses good temperature and pH stability as well as catalytic activity, and shows the potential to be used in the synthesis of chemical and pharmaceutical intermediates.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(7): 3437-3448, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675119

RESUMO

Hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy)-impaired endothelial dysfunction including endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a crucial role in atherogenesis. Hydrogen sulphide (H2 S), a metabolic production of Hcy and gasotransmitter, exhibits preventing cardiovascular damages induced by HHcy by reducing ER stress, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we made an atherosclerosis with HHcy mice model by ApoE knockout mice and feeding Pagien diet and drinking L-methionine water. H2 S donors NaHS and GYY4137 treatment lowered plaque area and ER stress in this model. Protein disulphide isomerase (PDI), a modulation protein folding key enzyme, was up-regulated in plaque and reduced by H2 S treatment. In cultured human aortic endothelial cells, Hcy dose and time dependently elevated PDI expression, but inhibited its activity, and which were rescued by H2 S. H2 S and its endogenous generation key enzyme-cystathionine γ lyase induced a new post-translational modification-sulfhydration of PDI. Sulfhydrated PDI enhanced its activity, and two cysteine-terminal CXXC domain of PDI was identified by site mutation. HHcy lowered PDI sulfhydration association ER stress, and H2 S rescued it but this effect was blocked by cysteine site mutation. Conclusively, we demonstrated that H2 S sulfhydrated PDI and enhanced its activity, reducing HHcy-induced endothelial ER stress to attenuate atherosclerosis development.

4.
Elife ; 102021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769278

RESUMO

Animals possess an inborn ability to recognize certain odors to avoid predators, seek food, and find mates. Innate odor preference is thought to be genetically hardwired. Here we report that acquisition of innate odor recognition requires spontaneous neural activity and is influenced by sensory experience during early postnatal development. Genetic silencing of mouse olfactory sensory neurons during the critical period has little impact on odor sensitivity, discrimination, and recognition later in life. However, it abolishes innate odor preference and alters the patterns of activation in brain centers. Exposure to innately recognized odors during the critical period abolishes the associated valence in adulthood in an odor-specific manner. The changes are associated with broadened projection of olfactory sensory neurons and expression of axon guidance molecules. Thus, a delicate balance of neural activity is needed during the critical period in establishing innate odor preference and convergent axon input is required to encode innate odor valence.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719547

RESUMO

Until now, there is no clear definition of microtissue; it usually refers to the microtissue formed by the aggregation of seed cells under the action of cell-cell or cell-extracellular matrix (ECM). Compared with traditional cell monolayer culture, cells are cultivated into a three-dimensional microstructure in a specific way. The microstructure characteristics of microtissue are similar to natural tissues and can promote cell proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, it has a broader range of biomedical applications in tissue engineering. The traditional tissue engineering strategy is to add high-density seed cells and biomolecules on a preformed scaffold to construct a tissue engineering graft. However, due to the destruction of the ECM of the cells cultured in a monolayer during the digestion process with trypsin, the uneven distribution of the cells in the scaffold, and the damage of various adverse factors after the cells are implanted in the scaffold, this strategy is often ineffective, and the subsequent applications still face challenges. This article reviews the latest researches of a new strategy-tissue engineering microtissue strategy; discuss several traditional construction methods, structure, and function optimization; and practical application of microtissue. The review aims to provide a reference for future research on tissue engineering microtissue. Impact statement The traditional tissue engineering strategies have several disadvantages, researchers have conducted extensive research on tissue engineering microtissues in recent years, and they make significant progress. Microtissue is a kind of microtissue with three-dimensional structure, its microstructure is similar to that of natural tissue. In addition, microtissue implantation can protect cells from mechanical interference, inflammation, and other adverse factors. Furthermore, it improves the survival rate of cells and the therapeutic effect of tissue-engineered grafts. However, the practical conditions, advantages, and disadvantages of tissue engineering microtissue have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this review is to discuss the latest research progress of microtissue and provide a reference for future research.

6.
New Phytol ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713445

RESUMO

• Plant cellulose is synthesised by a large plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthase (CesA) complex. However, an overall functional determination of secondary cell wall (SCW) CesAs is still lacking in trees, especially one based on gene knockouts. • Here, the Cas9/gRNA-induced knockouts of PtrCesA4, 7A, 7B, 8A, and 8B genes were produced in Populus trichocarpa. Based on anatomic, immunohistochemical and wood composition evidence, we gained a comprehensive understanding of five SCW PtrCesAs at the genetic level. • Complete loss of PtrCesA4, 7A/B or 8A/B led to similar morphological abnormalities, indicating similar and non-redundant genetic functions. The absence of the gelatinous (G) layer, one-layer-walled fibres and a 90% decrease in cellulose in these mutant woods revealed that the three classes of SCW PtrCesAs are essential for multi-layered SCW structure and wood G-fibre. In addition, the mutant primary and secondary phloem fibres lost the n(G+L)- and G-layers and retained the thicker S-layers. Together with polysaccharide immunolocalization data, these findings suggest differences in the role of SCW PtrCesAs-synthesised cellulose in wood and phloem fibre wall structures. • Overall, this functional understanding of the SCW PtrCesAs provides more insights into the impact of lacking cellulose biosynthesis on growth, SCW, wood G-fibre, and phloem fibre wall structures in the tree.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1734, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741940

RESUMO

As low-cost electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction applied to fuel cells and metal-air batteries, atomic-dispersed transition metal-nitrogen-carbon materials are emerging, but the genuine mechanism thereof is still arguable. Herein, by rational design and synthesis of dual-metal atomically dispersed Fe,Mn/N-C catalyst as model object, we unravel that the O2 reduction preferentially takes place on FeIII in the FeN4 /C system with intermediate spin state which possesses one eg electron (t2g4eg1) readily penetrating the antibonding π-orbital of oxygen. Both magnetic measurements and theoretical calculation reveal that the adjacent atomically dispersed Mn-N moieties can effectively activate the FeIII sites by both spin-state transition and electronic modulation, rendering the excellent ORR performances of Fe,Mn/N-C in both alkaline and acidic media (halfwave positionals are 0.928 V in 0.1 M KOH, and 0.804 V in 0.1 M HClO4), and good durability, which outperforms and has almost the same activity of commercial Pt/C, respectively. In addition, it presents a superior power density of 160.8 mW cm-2 and long-term durability in reversible zinc-air batteries. The work brings new insight into the oxygen reduction reaction process on the metal-nitrogen-carbon active sites, undoubtedly leading the exploration towards high effective low-cost non-precious catalysts.

8.
J Orthop Translat ; 27: 132-138, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786320

RESUMO

Background: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a refractory disease due to its unclear pathomechanism. Neither conservative treatment nor surgical treatment during the early stage of ONFH achieves satisfactory results. Therefore, this study aims to explore the available evidence on the effect of zoledronic acid on early-stage ONFH. Methods: For groups were established:the Normal group, model group, Normal saline group(NS group) and zoledronic acid-treated group. The blood supply to the femoral head of animals in the model group and zoledronic acid-treated group was interrupted via a surgical procedure, and zoledronic acid was then locally administered to the femoral head. Four weeks after surgery, all the hips were harvested and evaluated by micro-CT and histopathology(H&E staining, TRAP staining, Toluidine blue staining and masson staining). Results: The values of BMD, BS/BV and Tb.Th in the Normal group and zoledronic acid-treated group were significantly higher than those in the model group and NS group (p â€‹< â€‹0.05). The outcome of H&E staining, Toluidine blue staining and masson staining were consistent with that of micro-CT. Conclusion: The local administration of zoledronic acid in the femoral head had positive effects on the bone structure of the femoral head in a modified rat model of traumatic ONFH and offered a promising therapeutic strategy during the early stage of ONFH. The Translational potential of this article: This article could provide a choice for treating patients who have osteonecrosis of femora head and can be the basic research for advanced development over this disease.

9.
Ecology ; 102(4): e03293, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554353

RESUMO

Migratory ungulates are thought to be declining globally because their dependence on large landscapes renders them highly vulnerable to environmental change. Yet recent studies reveal that many ungulate species can adjust their migration propensity in response to changing environmental conditions to potentially improve population persistence. In addition to the question of whether to migrate, decisions of where and when to migrate appear equally fundamental to individual migration tactics, but these three dimensions of plasticity have rarely been explored together. Here, we expand the concept of migratory plasticity beyond individual switches in migration propensity to also include spatial and temporal adjustments to migration patterns. We develop a novel typological framework that delineates every potential change type within the three dimensions, then use this framework to guide a literature review. We discuss broad patterns in migratory plasticity, potential drivers of migration change, and research gaps in the current understanding of this trait. Our result reveals 127 migration change events in direct response to natural and human-induced environmental changes across 27 ungulate species. Species that appeared in multiple studies showed multiple types of change, with some exhibiting the full spectrum of migratory plasticity. This result highlights that multidimensional migratory plasticity is pervasive in ungulates, even as the manifestation of plasticity varies case by case. However, studies thus far have rarely been able to determine the fitness outcomes of different types of migration change, likely due to the scarcity of long-term individual-based demographic monitoring as well as measurements encompassing a full behavioral continuum and environmental gradient for any given species. Recognizing and documenting the full spectrum of migratory plasticity marks the first step for the field of migration ecology to employ quantitative methods, such as reaction norms, to predict migration change along environmental gradients. Closer monitoring for changes in migratory propensity, routes, and timing may improve the efficacy of conservation strategies and management actions in a rapidly changing world.


Assuntos
Migração Animal , Cervos , Animais , Ecologia , Humanos , Fenótipo , Estações do Ano
10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 591: 451-462, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631532

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: The application of ferritin containers as a promising drug delivery vehicle is limited by their low bioavailability in blood circulation due to unfavorable environments, such as degradation by protease. The integration of ferritin containers into the polymeric network of microgels through electrostatic interactions is expected to be able to protect ferritin against degradation by protease. Furthermore, a stimuli-responsive microgel system can be designed by employing an acid-degradable crosslinker during the microgel synthesis. This should enable ferritin release in an acidic environment, which will be useful for future drug delivery applications. EXPERIMENTS: Nanoparticle/fluorophores-loaded ferritin was integrated into microgels during precipitation polymerization. The integration was monitored by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)2 and fluorescence microscopy, respectively. After studying ferritin release in acidic solutions, we investigated the stability of ferritin inside microgels against degradation by chymotrypsin. FINDINGS: About 80% of the applied ferritin containers were integrated into microgels and around 85% and 50% of them could be released in buffer pH 2.5 and 4.0, respectively. Total degradation of the microgels was not achieved due to the self-crosslinking of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM). Finally, we prove that microgels could protect ferritin against degradation by chymotrypsin at 37 °C.

11.
Annu Rev Med ; 72: 167-182, 2021 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502903

RESUMO

The lymphatic system has received increasing scientific and clinical attention because a wide variety of diseases are linked to lymphatic pathologies and because the lymphatic system serves as an ideal conduit for drug delivery. Lymphatic vessels exert heterogeneous roles in different organs and vascular beds, and consequently, their dysfunction leads to distinct organ-specific outcomes. Although studies in animal model systems have led to the identification of crucial lymphatic genes with potential therapeutic benefit, effective lymphatic-targeted therapeutics are currently lacking for human lymphatic pathological conditions. Here, we focus on the therapeutic roles of lymphatic vessels in diseases and summarize the promising therapeutic targets for modulating lymphangiogenesis or lymphatic function in preclinical or clinical settings. We also discuss considerations for drug delivery or targeting of lymphatic vessels for treatment of lymphatic-related diseases. The lymphatic vasculature is rapidly emerging as a critical system for targeted modulation of its function and as a vehicle for innovative drug delivery.

12.
Theor Appl Genet ; 134(5): 1329-1341, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507340

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We detected a QTL qHSW-16 undergone strong selection associated with seed weight and identified a novel candidate gene controlling seed weight candidate gene for this major QTL by qRT-PCT. Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] provides more than half of the world's oilseed production. To expand its germplasm resources useful for breeding increased yield and oil quality cultivars, it is necessary to resolve the diversity and evolutionary history of this crop. In this work, we resequenced 283 soybean accessions from China and obtained a large number of high-quality SNPs for investigation of the population genetics that underpin variation in seed weight and other agronomic traits. Selective signature analysis detected 78 (~ 25.0 Mb) and 39 (~ 22.60 Mb) novel putative selective signals that were selected during soybean domestication and improvement, respectively. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified five loci associated with seed weight. Among these QTLs, qHSW-16, overlapped with the improvement-selective region on chromosome 16, suggesting that this QTL may be underwent strong selection during soybean improvement. Of the 18 candidate genes in qHSW-16, only SoyZH13_16G122400 showed higher expression levels in a large seed variety compared to a small seed variety during seed development. These results identify SoyZH13_16G122400 as a novel candidate gene controlling seed weight and provide foundational insights into the molecular targets for breeding improvement of seed weight and potential seed yield in soybean.

13.
Cell Biol Int ; 45(4): 731-739, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325615

RESUMO

The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) causes endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), which is characteristic of cells with high levels of secretory activity and is involved in a variety of diseases. In response to ERS, cells initiate an adaptive process named the unfolding protein response (UPR) to maintain intracellular homeostasis and survival. However, long term and unresolved ERS can also induce apoptosis. As the most conserved signaling branch of UPR, the IRE1-XBP1 pathway plays an important role in both physiological and pathological states, and its activity has a profound impact on disease progression and prognosis. Here, the latest research progress of IRE1-XBP1 pathway in cancer, metabolic diseases, and other diseases was briefly introduced, and the relationship between several diseases and this pathway was analyzed. Besides, the new understanding and prospect of IRE1-XBP1 pathway regulating male reproduction were reviewed.

14.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206213

RESUMO

There was an error in Fig. 6A during the proofing stage which has since been corrected. The corrected figure is presented in this paper.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(46): 51797-51807, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141551

RESUMO

Development of large-area, low-cost, low-voltage, low-power consumption, flexible high-performance printed carbon nanotube thin-film transistors (TFTs) is helpful to promote their future applications in sensors and biosensors, wearable electronics, and the Internet of things. In this work, low-voltage, flexible printed carbon nanotube TFTs with a large-area and low-cost fabrication process were successfully constructed using ultrathin (∼3.6 nm) AlOx thin films formed by plasma oxidation of aluminum as dielectrics and screen-printed silver electrodes as contact electrodes. The as-prepared bottom-gate/bottom-contact carbon nanotube TFTs exhibit a low leakage current (∼10-10 A), a high charge carrier mobility (up to 9.9 cm2 V-1 s-1), high on/off ratios (higher than 105), and small subthreshold swings (80-120 mV/dec) at low operation voltages (from -1.5 to 1 V). At the same time, printed carbon nanotube TFTs showed a high response (ΔR/R = 99.6%) to NO2 gas even at 16 ppm with a faster response and recovery speed (∼8 s, exposure to 0.5 ppm NO2), a lower detection limit (0.069 ppm NO2), and a low power consumption (0.86 µW, exposure to 16 ppm NO2) at a gate voltage of 0.2 V at room temperature. Moreover, the printed carbon nanotube devices exhibited excellent mechanical flexibility and bias stress stability after 12,000 bending cycles at a radius of 5 mm and a bias stress test for 7200 s at a gate voltage of ±1 V, which originated from the ultrathin and compact AlOx dielectric and the super adhesion force between screen-printed silver electrodes and polyethylene terephthalate substrates.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(20): 2001800, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101872

RESUMO

Chronic low-grade inflammation orchestrated by macrophages plays a critical role in metabolic chronic diseases, like obesity and atherosclerosis. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, the E3 ubiquitin ligase F-box/WD Repeat-Containing Protein 2 (FBXW2), the substrate-binding subunit of E3 ubiquitin ligase SCF (a complex of FBXW2, SKP1, and cullin-1), as an inflammatory mediator in macrophages, is identified. Myeloid-specific FBXW2 gene deficiency improves both obesity-associated with insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in murine models. The beneficial effects by FBXW2 knockout are accompanied by decreased proinflammatory responses and macrophage infiltration in the microenvironment. Mechanistically, it is identified that KH-type splicing regulatory protein (KSRP) is a new bona fide ubiquitin substrate of SCFFBXW2. Inhibition of KSRP prevents FBXW2-deficient macrophages from exerting a protective effect on inflammatory reactions, insulin resistance and plaque formation. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the C-terminus (P3) of FBXW2 competitively ablates the function of FBXW2 in KSRP degradation and serves as an effective inhibitor of obesity and atherogenesis progression. Thus, the data strongly suggest that SCFFBXW2 is an important mediator in the context of metabolic diseases. The development of FBXW2 (P3)-mimicking inhibitors and small-molecular drugs specifically abrogating KSRP ubiquitination-dependent inflammatory responses are viable approaches for obesity and atherosclerosis treatment.

17.
Appl Opt ; 59(28): 8638-8644, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104545

RESUMO

As forest terrain is complex, containing leaves and other obstacles, it is difficult to distinguish the signal of forest-fire smoke when using single-channel lidar. To address this difficulty, a scanning micropulse polarization lidar system is developed, and a new method to detect forest fires is proposed in this study. Based on the characteristics of the depolarization ratio of in-scene obstacles, a matrix is constructed to remove obstacle signals, which in turn reduces the misidentification rate. Artificial forest-fire tests are carried out to verify the correctness of the proposed method and the feasibility of early forest-fire detection using the scanning polarization lidar system. In the working mode, the developed polarizing lidar system can locate a forest fire within three minutes with the proposed method. The experimental results show that forest fires can be accurately detected in real time when using scanning polarization lidar.

18.
Chaos ; 30(8): 083126, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872803

RESUMO

This paper is devoted to the study of an averaging principle for fractional stochastic differential equations in Rn with Lévy motion, using an integral transform method. We obtain a time-averaged effective equation under suitable assumptions. Furthermore, we show that the solutions of the averaged equation approach the solutions of the original equation. Our results provide a better understanding for effective approximation of fractional dynamical systems with non-Gaussian Lévy noise.

19.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e038874, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Occupational dust exposure may induce various lung diseases, including pneumoconiosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The features of combined COPD and pneumoconiosis have not been well described, and this may hamper the management. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics as well as the risk factors of the combined diseases. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 758 patients with pneumoconiosis were recruited at a single-medical centre. Of these, 675 patients with pneumoconiosis, including asbestosis, silicosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis and other pneumoconiosis, was eligible for analysis. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: COPD was diagnosed based on clinical features and/or history of exposure to risk factors and post bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio <0.7. Clinical data were collected from predesigned medical reports. The patients underwent both chest radiograph and high-resolution CT scans. Risk factors for combined COPD and pneumoconiosis were analysed using regression analysis. RESULTS: COPD prevalence overall was 32.7% (221/675) and was the highest in silicosis (84/221) and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (100/221). COPD prevalence increased with smoking pack-years, dust exposure duration and pneumoconiosis stage. Patients with combined diseases had lower body mass index, higher smoking index and worse pulmonary function. Risk factors for combined diseases included heavy smoking, silica or coal exposure and advanced pneumoconiosis. The interaction between dust exposure and smoking in COPD was also identified. The risk of combined COPD significantly increased with heavy smoking and silica or coal exposure (OR 5.49, 95% CI 3.04 to 9.93, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: COPD is highly prevalent in patients with pneumoconiosis, especially patients with silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis. Occupational dust exposure as well as heavy smoking is associated with an increased risk of combined COPD and pneumoconiosis, which demands an effective preventive intervention.

20.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996162

RESUMO

Orchitis is one of the leading causes of male animal infertility and is associated with inflammatory reactions caused by the bacterium. It has been reported that there is a mutual coupling effect between endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and inflammatory response. Our studies showed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could cause testicular damages, apoptosis, ERS, and inflammatory responses in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs); ERS-related apoptosis proteins were activated and the expression of ERS genes was significantly upregulated; meanwhile, the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 and inflammation factors was apparently increased with LPS treatment. Moreover, melatonin (MEL) could rescue testicular damage, and significantly inhibited the expression of ERS-related apoptosis genes, ERS markers, and inflammatory factors in SSCs and MEL played repairing and anti-infection roles in LPS-induced testicular damage. Therefore, MEL may be used as a drug to prevent and control bacterial infections in male reproductive systems. However, the specific molecular mechanism of MEL to resist ERS and inflammatory response remains to be further studied.

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