Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.337
Filtrar
1.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560720

RESUMO

Aiming at the excellent killing effect of N-phenylmaleimide (N-PMI) on microorganisms, this paper used structural simulation analysis, fluorescence analysis, confocal laser scanning microscope and SEM to find that the double bond in N-PMI could interact with the sulfur groups in the membrane protein, changing its conformation, rupturing the plasma membrane of the cell, leaking the contents, and ultimately causing the death of the microorganisms. Therefore, once the double bond participated in the polymerization, N-PMI loosed its antimicrobial function. N-PMI could achieve azeotropic copolymerization with MMA through reactive extrusion polymerization. N-PMI with a content of 5% can be evenly inserted into the PMMA chain segment during the copolymerization reaction, thereby increasing the Tg of pure PMMA by up to 15°C, which provided the PMMA-co-PMI copolymer with resistance to boiling water sterilization advantageous conditions. In addition, N-PMI with a content of 5% has little effect on the transparency of PMMA after participating in the copolymerization. Moreover, the trace amount of residual N-PMI made the material have excellent antimicrobial function, and the bacteriostatic zone is extremely small, which provided an excellent guarantee for the safety and durability of the material. As a medical biological material, the PMMA-co-PMI copolymer has a good industrialization application prospects.

2.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2022 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587643

RESUMO

Two new constituents: a neolignan, salignan A (1) and a phenolic acid, salside A (2), along with two known compounds (3, 4) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. All structures were assigned on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analyses. The absolute configuration of 1 was characterised by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy. Compounds 1 and 3 exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells, and the IC50 values are 11.58 and 10.73 µM, respectively. Compound 4 displayed moderate antioxidant activity to scavenge DPPH and ABTS radicals, and the IC50 values are 7.96 and 1.10 µM, respectively.

3.
Int Orthop ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hallux valgus is a common disease which causes pain and dysfunction of the foot. Although numerous methods of procedures have been introduced, a single procedure cannot correct all deformities of hallux valgus. The study aims to evaluate the radiographic and clinical effectiveness of a new minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open Chevron-Akin procedures. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative study. Data were collected from May 2018 to January 2020. A total of 27 patients (31 feet) undergoing MIS for hallux valgus were included in this study. The average age of patients underwent MIS was 59.9 years. The mean follow-up was 25.1 months. Open osteotomies were performed in 30 patients (31 feet) during the same period. The mean age of these patients at the time of surgery was 59.1 years. The mean follow-up was 26.1 months. Pre-operative and post-operative radiographic outcome measures included HVA, IMA, DMAA, the Sgarlato's angle and the length of the first metatarsal, and distance between the dorsal cortex of first and second metatarsal necks. The AOFAS and VAS were used to assess foot function. RESULTS: The preoperative HVA in MIS group and open group were 34.8° and 33.1° respectively. The post-operative HVA were 20.4° and 13.7°. The pre-operative IMA in MIS group and open group were 13.0° and 12.1°. The post-operative IMA were 11.4° and 5.5° respectively. The pre-operative DMAA were 14.8° and 15.1° respectively. The post-operative DMAA were 6.3° and 8.7°. The AOFAS increased from 44.0 to 90.2 in MIS group and from 47.6 to 89.5 in open group. The VAS decreased from 7.3 to 1.3 in MIS group and from 7.1 to 1.2 in open group. CONCLUSION: Although open osteotomies were superior than MIS in HVA and IMA, MIS showed advantages in correcting DMAA. MIS provided equivalent functional outcomes compared to open surgery.

4.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The monitoring of immunotherapies is still based on changes in the tumor size in imaging, with a long evaluation period and low sensitivity. PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in assessing the therapeutic efficacy of anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) therapy in a mouse triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) model. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. ANIMAL MODEL: A total of 54 BALB/c mouse subcutaneous 4 T1 transplantation models of TNBC. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0-T; turbo spin echo (TSE) T2-weighted imaging, DKI with seven b values (0, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, and 3000 sec/mm2 ) and T1-twist DCE acquisition series. ASSESSMENT: DKI and DCE-MRI parameters were evaluated by two radiologists independently. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn manually on the maximum cross-sectional area of the lesion; care was taken to avoid necrotic areas. The tumor cell density, the CD45 and CD31 levels were analyzed by two pathologists. STATISTICAL TESTS: The two-tailed unpaired t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test and Pearson correlation coefficient were performed. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), mean diffusivity (MD), Ktrans and Kep values were significantly different between the two groups at each time point after treatment. There were significant differences in the mean kurtosis (MK) and Ve values between the two groups at 5 and 10 days after treatment but no significant differences at 15 days (P = 0.317 and 0.183, respectively). The ADC and MD values were significantly correlated with tumor cell density (ADC, r = -0.833; MD, r = 0.890) and the CD45 level (ADC, r = 0.720; MD, r = 0.718). The Ktrans and Kep values were significantly correlated with the CD31 level (Ktrans , r = 0.820; Kep , r = 0.683). DATA CONCLUSION: DKI and DCE-MRI could reflect the changes in tumor microstructure and tumor tissue vasculature after anti-PD-1 therapy, respectively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 4.

5.
Cell Biosci ; 12(1): 57, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: B1 cells are self-renewing innate-like B lymphocytes that provide the first line of defense against pathogens. B1 cells primarily reside in the peritoneal cavity and are known to originate from various fetal tissues, yet their developmental pathways and the mechanisms underlying maintenance of B1 cells throughout adulthood remain unclear. RESULTS: We performed high-throughput single-cell analysis of the transcriptomes and B-cell receptor repertoires of peritoneal B cells of neonates, young adults, and elderly mice. Gene expression analysis of 31,718 peritoneal B cells showed that the neonate peritoneal cavity contained many B1 progenitors, and neonate B cell specific clustering revealed two trajectories of peritoneal B1 cell development, including pre-BCR dependent and pre-BCR independent pathways. We also detected profound age-related changes in B1 cell transcriptomes: clear difference in senescence genetic program was evident in differentially aged B1 cells, and we found an example that a B1 subset only present in the oldest mice was marked by expression of the fatty-acid receptor CD36. We also performed antibody gene sequencing of 15,967 peritoneal B cells from the three age groups and discovered that B1 cell aging was associated with clonal expansion and two B1 cell clones expanded in the aged mice had the same CDR-H3 sequence (AGDYDGYWYFDV) as a pathogenically linked cell type from a recent study of an atherosclerosis mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: Beyond offering an unprecedent data resource to explore the cell-to-cell variation in B cells, our study has revealed that B1 precursor subsets are present in the neonate peritoneal cavity and dissected the developmental pathway of the precursor cells. Besides, this study has found the expression of CD36 on the B1 cells in the aged mice. And the single-cell B-cell receptor sequencing reveals B1 cell aging is associated with clonal expansion.

6.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 781-800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529472

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, landscapes of EMT-related genes have not been fully established in CAD. We identified the differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Pearson's correlation analysis, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression, and support vector machine reverse feature elimination algorithms were used to screen EMT-related lncRNAs. The cis-trans regulatory networks were constructed based on EMT-related lncRNAs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate the expression of EMT-related genes in a cohort of six patients with CAD and six healthy controls. We further estimated the infiltration of the immune cells in CAD patients with five algorithms, and the correlation between EMT-related genes and infiltrating immune cells was analyzed. We identified eight EMT-related lncRNAs in CAD. The area under curve value was greater than 0.95. The immune analysis revealed significant CD8 T cells, monocytes, and NK cells in CAD and found that EMT-related lncRNAs were correlated with these immune cell subsets. Moreover, SNAI2, an EMT-TF gene, was found in the trans-regulatory network of EMT-related lncRNAs. Further, we found SNAI2 as a biomarker for the diagnosis of CAD but it also had a close correlation with immune cell subsets in CAD. Eight EMT-related lncRNAs and SNAI2 have important significance in the diagnosis of CAD patients.

7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 328, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the association of online courses and mental health were mainly conducted in universities, and no study investigated the relationship between characteristics of online courses and children's mental health in primary and secondary school. This study aimed to explore the association of online courses and children's mental health in primary and secondary school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online survey among 540 primary and secondary school students and their parents in the eastern, central and western region of China from April to May in 2020. Children's mental health was assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Borderline mental health problems (SDQ total difficulties score ≥ 16) and mental health problems (SDQ total difficulties score ≥ 20) were defined according to Goodman's standard. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to examine the association between online courses and children's mental health. RESULTS: Compared with those who did not have problems of online courses, children having the difficulty in understanding the content of online courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score [ß = 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89, 2.71] and a higher risk of borderline mental health problems [odds ratio (OR) = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.07, 3.49], while device or internet connection problems were not significantly associated with children's mental health. Compared with children who had live courses, those having video-recorded courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score (ß = 0.90, 95%CI: 0.01, 1.80). Children who spent more than 4 h on online courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score than those of less than or equal to 4 h (ß = 0.95, 95%CI: 0.09, 1.81). CONCLUSION: We found that online courses with inappropriate characteristics were associated with children's mental health. The findings called for the efforts to optimize the online courses and improve children's mental health.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 230, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) relying on intracellular iron ions and H2O2 is a promising therapeutic strategy due to its tumor selectivity, which is limited by the not enough metal ions or H2O2 supply of tumor microenvironment. Herein, we presented an efficient CDT strategy based on Chinese herbal monomer-dihydroartemisinin (DHA) as a substitute for the H2O2 and recruiter of iron ions to amplify greatly the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation for synergetic CDT-ferroptosis therapy. RESULTS: The DHA@MIL-101 nanoreactor was prepared and characterized firstly. This nanoreactor degraded under the acid tumor microenvironment, thereby releasing DHA and iron ions. Subsequent experiments demonstrated DHA@MIL-101 significantly increased intracellular iron ions through collapsed nanoreactor and recruitment effect of DHA, further generating ROS thereupon. Meanwhile, ROS production introduced ferroptosis by depleting glutathione (GSH), inactivating glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), leading to lipid peroxide (LPO) accumulation. Furthermore, DHA also acted as an efficient ferroptosis molecular amplifier by direct inhibiting GPX4. The resulting ROS and LPO caused DNA and mitochondria damage to induce apoptosis of malignant cells. Finally, in vivo outcomes evidenced that DHA@MIL-101 nanoreactor exhibited prominent anti-cancer efficacy with minimal systemic toxicity. CONCLUSION: In summary, DHA@MIL-101 nanoreactor boosts CDT and ferroptosis for synergistic cancer therapy by molecular amplifier DHA. This work provides a novel and effective approach for synergistic CDT-ferroptosis with Chinese herbal monomer-DHA and Nanomedicine.

9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 126: 12-20, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526799

RESUMO

LPCAT3, a subtype of lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferases, is a key enzyme in phosphatidylcholine remodeling pathway and plays a significant role in mediating inflammatory response in mammals. However, its inflammatory function in fish has yet to be discovered. Herein, this study aimed to investigate its role in inflammation in Larimichthys crocea. We analyzed the coding sequence of Larimichthys crocea LPCAT3 (Lc-LPCAT3) and explored the effect of Lc-LPCAT3 on palmitate (PA)-induced inflammation. We found that in macrophage cell line of Larimichthys crocea, the mRNA expression of Lc-lpcat3 was upregulated by PA with the elevated pro-inflammatory genes expression, including il1ß, il6, il8, tnfα and ifnγ. Next, the role of Lc-LPCAT3 in inflammation induced by PA was further investigated. Results showed that knockdown of Lc-LPCAT3 mitigated PA-induced pro-inflammatory genes mRNA expression, including il1ß, il8, tnfα and ifnγ, in which JNK signaling pathway was involved. In contrast, overexpression of Lc-LPCAT3 induced pro-inflammatory genes expression including il1ß, tnfα and ifnγ. Furthermore, several transcription factors with negative regulation of Lc-LPCAT3 promoter activity were discovered including LXRα, RXRα, PPARα, PPARγ, CEBPα, CEBPß, CEBPδ, SREBP1 and SREBP2, and SREBP1 had the strongest regulatory effect. In conclusion, we first discovered that fish LPCAT3 participated in PA-induced inflammation, and targeting SREBP1 might be an effective coping strategy.

10.
Chemosphere ; 302: 134872, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537630

RESUMO

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) have attracted extensive attention due to their strong persistence and toxicity. However, little has been known about their pollution status in fishing ports, which are typical sinks of land-sourced pollutants. In this study, we investigated the occurrence, distribution and ecological risk of TBBPA and HBCDDs in sediments from fishing ports along the coast of South China. The concentrations of TBBPA and ΣHBCDD (sum of α-, ß-, and γ-HBCDD) in the fishing-port sediments were in the ranges of 0.02-21.5 ng/g dw and 1.06-14.1 ng/g dw, respectively. γ-HBCDD was the predominant diastereoisomer in most fishing-port sediments. The enantiomeric analysis indicated a preferential enrichment of (-)-enantiomers for α-, ß-, and γ-HBCDD. The geographical location of fishing ports is a significant determinant of distribution for TBBPA and HBBCDs. The concentrations of TBBPA and HBCDDs in fishing-port sediments were strongly associated with local population density, but weakly correlated with total organic carbon content of the sediment. The mass inventories of TBBPA and ΣHBCDD were estimated to be 77.0 ng/cm2 and 141 ng/cm2, respectively. The ecological risk assessment demonstrated that TBBPA and HBCDDs in fishing-port sediments exhibited low risks to marine organisms. This study contributes to the understanding pollution situation of fishing ports, and provides a reference for environmental safety assessment and environmental pollution control.

11.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Baidu Jieduan Granules (BDJDG) to treat common type coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective, and observational clinical trial included 230 common COVID-19 patients in Leishenshan, Huangshi, and Laohekou Hospitals in Wuhan from January 21 to March 26, 2020. The included patients were further divided into two subgroups according to the use of supplemental oxygen, mild and moderate groups. During the first 14 d of hospitalization, all patients were administered BDJDG combined with conventional Western medicine, and observed for continuous 28 d. Primary outcomes were disease progression rate and discharge rate. Secondary outcomes included negative conversion time of nucleic acid, hospitalization duration, clinical symptom subsidence time, and symptom regression rate. RESULTS: A total of 230 common COVID-19 patients were analyzed (138 in moderate group and 92 in mild group). By day 28, the disease progression rate was 4.3% and the discharge rate was 95.7%. All mild cases recovered and were discharged from hospital. The median negative conversion time of nucleic acid of all 230 COVID-19 patients was 12 d [inter-quartile range (IQR) 3.5-17], the median hospitalization duration was 15 d (IQR 12-20). The median time to fever, cough, and fatigue recovery was 4 d (IQR 2-6), 8 d (IQR 5-12), and 8 d (IQR 5-11). The recovery rate of fever, cough, and fatigue was 94.6%, 90.5%, and 93.5%. The median time to clinical improvement was 12 d (IQR 10-17). Compared with the baseline, total leukocyte counts, neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts, and platelet counts were increased significantly on days 7 and 14 (P<0.01). C-reactive protein markedly increased on day 3 and significantly decreased on days 7 and 14 (P<0.01). No serious adverse events occurred during treatment. CONCLUSION: BDJDG may be effective and safe for treatment of common type COVID-19. (Registration No. ChiCTR2000030836).

12.
J Cancer ; 13(7): 2362-2373, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517405

RESUMO

The taxane family of compounds, including Taxol/paclitaxel and Taxotere/docetaxel, are surprisingly successful drugs used in combination or alone for the treatment of most major solid tumors, especially metastatic cancer. The drugs are commonly used in regimen with other agents (often platinum drugs) as frontline treatment, or used as a single agent in a dose dense regimen for recurrent cancer. The major side effects of taxanes are peripheral neuropathy, alopecia, and neutropenia, which are grave burden for patients and limit the full potential of the taxane drugs. Especially in the current treatment protocol for peripheral neuropathy, taxane dosage is reduced once the symptoms present, resulting in the loss of full or optimal cancer killing activity. Substantial efforts have been made to address the problem of cytotoxic side effects of taxanes, though strategies remain very limited. Following administration of the taxane compound by infusion, taxane binds to cellular microtubules and is sequestered within the cells for several days. Taxane stabilizes and interferes with microtubule function, leading to ultimate death of cancer cells, but also damages hair follicles, peripheral neurons, and hemopoietic stem cells. Currently, cryo-treatment is practiced to limit exposure and side effects of the drug during infusion, though the effectiveness is uncertain or limited. A recent laboratory finding may provide a new strategy to counter taxane cytotoxicity, that a brief exposure to low density ultrasound waves was sufficient to eliminate paclitaxel cytotoxicity cells in culture by transiently breaking microtubule filaments, which were then relocated to lysosomes for disposal. Thus, ultrasonic force to break rigid microtubules is an effective solution to counter taxane cytotoxicity. The discovery and concept of low intensity ultrasound as an antidote may have the potential to provide a practical strategy to counter paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy and alopecia that resulted from chemotherapy. Taxanes are a class of important drugs used in chemotherapy to treat several major cancers. This article reviews a new laboratory discovery that ultrasound can be used as an antidote for the peripheral cytotoxicity of taxane drugs and discusses the potential development and application of low intensity ultrasound to prevent side effects in chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer patients.

13.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; : 1-10, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35465815

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The use of medications with anticholinergic (ACh) properties is associated with numerous adverse effects especially in older adults. Emerging evidence suggests the presence of long-term effects with ACh use. AREAS COVERED: Our article presents an overview of ACh effects and falls in older individuals including examination of emerging evidence on ACh use and cumulative exposure on short-term and long-term falls risk. The databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched for articles published from January 2002 to December 2021. EXPERT OPINION: Anticholinergic side effects include muscle weakness, blurred vision, and mental confusion which are likely to lead to increased falls risk. Many commonly used medications such as beta-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and antihistamines are now known to have mild ACh properties. With polypharmacy now considered unavoidable in older patients, the cumulative effects of the use of multiple drugs with mild ACh properties may also lead to increased falls risk. The relationship between ACh drugs and falls may also be irreversible as ACh effects may extend beyond the period of drug use, due to cognitive and physical deconditioning following the initial exposure to ACh drugs. Future long-term studies with accurate quantification of cumulative ACh exposure and measurement of actual falls outcomes are urgently required.

14.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441509

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) ferroelectrics have attracted intensive attention. However, the 2D ferroelectrics remain rare, and especially few of them represent high ferroelectric transition temperature (TC), which is important for the usability of ferroelectrics. Herein, CuCrS2 nanoflakes are synthesized by salt-assisted chemical vapor deposition and exhibit switchable ferroelectric polarization even when the thickness is downscaled to 6 nm. On the contrary, a CuCrS2 nanoflake shows a TC as high as ∼700 K, which can be attributed to the robust tetrahedral bonding configurations of Cu cations. Such robustness can be further clarified by a theoretically predicted high order-disorder transition barrier and structure evolution from 600 to 800 K. Additionally, the interlocked out-of-plane (OOP) and in-plane (IP) ferroelectric domains are observed and two kinds of devices based on OOP and IP polarizations are demonstrated.

15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 813790, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433494

RESUMO

The oral cavity and the intestine are the main distribution locations of human digestive bacteria. Exploring the relationships between the tongue coating and gut microbiota, the influence of the diurnal variations of the tongue coating microbiota on the intestinal microbiota can provide a reference for the development of the disease diagnosis and monitoring, as well as the medication time. In this work, a total of 39 healthy college students were recruited. We collected their tongue coating microbiota which was collected before and after sleep and fecal microbiota. The diurnal variations of tongue coating microbiota are mainly manifested on the changes in diversity and relative abundance. There are commensal bacteria in the tongue coating and intestines, especially Prevotella which has the higher proportion in both sites. The relative abundance of Prevotella in the tongue coating before sleep has a positive correlation with intestinal Prevotella; the r is 0.322 (p < 0.05). Bacteroides in the intestine had the most bacteria associated with the tongue coating and had the highest correlation coefficient with Veillonella in the oral cavity, which was 0.468 (p < 0.01). These results suggest that the abundance of the same flora in the two sites may have a common change trend. The SourceTracker results show that the proportion of intestinal bacteria sourced from tongue coating is less than 1%. It indicates that oral flora is difficult to colonize in the intestine in healthy people. This will provide a reference for the study on the oral and intestinal microbiota in diseases.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Bactérias/genética , Humanos , Boca/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Língua/microbiologia
16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 852419, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386721

RESUMO

Wound healing, a highly complex pathophysiological response to injury, includes four overlapping phases of hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. Initiation and resolution of the inflammatory response are the primary requirements for wound healing, and are also key events that determines wound quality and healing time. Currently, the number of patients with persistent chronic wounds has generally increased, which imposes health and economic burden on patients and society. Recent studies have found that microRNA(miRNA) plays an essential role in the inflammation involved in wound healing and may provide a new therapeutic direction for wound treatment. Therefore, this review focused on the role and significance of miRNA in the inflammation phase of wound healing.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Cicatrização/genética
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(4): 1863-1872, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393810

RESUMO

Drinking water is an important cadmium (Cd) exposure pathway for residents in China. In order to quantitatively characterize the risk of cadmium exposure through drinking water, the Cd concentrations of three main drinking water types in China were collected via systematic literature review. The probability distribution of the exposure parameters was estimated using regression models. The non-carcinogenic risk of cadmium exposure to residents through drinking water was evaluated by Monte Carlo simulation. The results showed that significant differences were found among Cd contents in the three water types. The geometric mean of ρ(Cd) in tap water, untreated underground water, and surface water were (0.48±0.78), (1.07±1.82), and (1.04±1.38) µg·L-1, respectively. The non-carcinogenic risk assessment showed that the median of hazard quotients in all age groups and in the three water types were found to be less than 1. Compared with the exposure dose threshold recommended by the US EPA, the probabilities exceeding the threshold of underground water, surface source water, and tap water were 2.4%, 1.3%, and 1.0%, respectively. Children aged 6-8 had the greatest daily average dose of Cd, and the least exposure dose was found in the 15-17 age group. The result of Monte Carlo simulation based on age-stratification weight showed that people 18-44 years old accounted for 50.8% of the total number of people who exceeded the exposure threshold. In summary, the probability of noncarcinogenic risk caused by Cd exposure through drinking water of Chinese residents was relatively low. However, people in some sub-groups still had a relatively high probability of exceeding the exposure dose threshold. It is necessary to further strengthen the control of cadmium pollution in drinking water in order to reduce the health risk caused by cadmium exposure and ensure drinking water safety.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adolescente , Adulto , Cádmio/análise , Carcinógenos , Criança , China , Água Potável/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 860977, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450066

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is initiated in response to ischemic stroke, and is usually characterized by microglial activation and polarization. Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) has been shown to play a critical role in anti-tumor immunity and inflammatory diseases. Nevertheless, the effect and underlying mechanisms of STING on microglial polarization after ischemic stroke remain unclarified. In this study, acute ischemic stroke was simulated using a model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) at adult male C57BL/6 mice in vivo and the BV2 microglia oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) model in vitro. The specific STING inhibitor C-176 was administered intraperitoneally at 30min after MCAO. We found that the expression of microglial STING was increased following MCAO and OGD/R. Pharmacologic inhibition of STING with C-176 reduced the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain infarction, edema and neuronal injury. Moreover, blockade of STING improved neurological performance and cognitive function and attenuated neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus after MCAO. Mechanistically, both in vivo and in vitro, we delineated that STING could promote the polarization of microglia towards the M1 phenotype and restrain M2 microglia polarization via downstream pathways, including interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). In addition, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is released to microglial cytoplasm induced by I/R injury, could facilitate microglia towards M1 modality through STING signaling pathway. Treatment with C-176 abolished the detrimental effects of mtDNA on stroke outcomes. Taken together, these findings suggest that STING, activated by mtDNA, could polarize microglia to the M1 phenotype following MCAO. Inhibition of STING may serve as a potential therapeutic strategy to mitigate neuroinflammation after ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Toxicol Lett ; 361: 1-9, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331841

RESUMO

The neurotoxic effects of methamphetamine (METH) include not only neuronal apoptosis and autophagy, but also lead to substance use disorder and have become increasingly prominent. Studies suggest that synaptic plasticity may be the structural basis of METH-induced neurological impairment. Neuroligins are postsynaptic adhesion molecules involved in the regulation of synaptic organization and function. Animal studies have shown that neuroligin (NLG)- 1 is involved in memory formation; however, its role in METH-induced neurotoxicity is not clear. In the present study, we used 1 mM METH in vitro; mice in the acute and subacute exposure groups received intraperitoneal injections of 30 mg/kg METH (1 injection) or 15 mg/kg METH (8 separate injections at 12-h intervals). We found that the expression of NLG-1, Synapsin-1, and postsynaptic density-95 were increased after METH exposure. We further observed that METH-induced inhibition of long-term potentiation and spatial memory loss could be alleviated when mice were pretreated with NLG-1 small interfering RNA. Therefore, our study provides evidence that NLG-1 is involved in METH-induced hippocampal synaptic plasticity and may be a potential target for the treatment of METH-induced neurotoxicity.


Assuntos
Metanfetamina , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Animais , Hipocampo , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Metanfetamina/toxicidade , Camundongos , Plasticidade Neuronal , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia
20.
Cells ; 11(5)2022 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35269449

RESUMO

Magnetobiological effects on growth and virulence have been widely reported in Escherichia coli (E. coli). However, published results are quite varied and sometimes conflicting because the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we reported that the application of 250 mT static magnetic field (SMF) significantly reduces the diameter of E. coli colony-forming units (CFUs) but has no impact on the number of CFUs. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that the inhibitory effect of SMF is attributed to differentially expressed genes (DEGs) primarily involved in carbon source utilization. Consistently, the addition of glycolate or glyoxylate to the culture media successfully restores the bacterial phenotype in SMF, and knockout mutants lacking glycolate oxidase are no longer sensitive to SMF. These results suggest that SMF treatment results in a decrease in glycolate oxidase activity. In addition, metabolomic assay showed that long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) accumulate while phosphatidylglycerol and middle-chain fatty acids decrease in the SMF-treated bacteria, suggesting that SMF inhibits LCFA degradation. Based on the published evidence together with ours derived from this study, we propose a model showing that free radicals generated by LCFA degradation are the primary target of SMF action, which triggers the bacterial oxidative stress response and ultimately leads to growth inhibition.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Campos Magnéticos , Carbono/metabolismo , Carbono/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...