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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 155-161, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799536

RESUMO

Proteomics is a powerful tool that can be used to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of diseases and identify new biomarkers. Therefore, it may also be helpful for understanding the detailed pathological mechanism of traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, we performed Tandem Mass Tag-based quantitative analysis of cortical proteome profiles in a mouse model of TBI. Our results showed that there were 302 differentially expressed proteins in TBI mice compared with normal mice 7 days after injury. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses showed that these differentially expressed proteins were predominantly involved in inflammatory responses, including complement and coagulation cascades, as well as chemokine signaling pathways. Subsequent transcription factor analysis revealed that the inflammation-related transcription factors NF-κB1, RelA, IRF1, STAT1, and Spi1 play pivotal roles in the secondary injury that occurs after TBI, which further corroborates the functional enrichment for inflammatory factors. Our results suggest that inflammation-related proteins and inflammatory responses are promising targets for the treatment of TBI.

2.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 111: 109092, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940075

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation plays a key role in the development of depression-like behaviors.Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress,defined as accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER,is suggested tocollaboratewithinflammation process to drive sustained neuroinflammation. Protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) is ofparticularly attractive target because it plays key rolein the regulation of ER stress-induced neuroinflammation, however, little isknown whether PERKmediatedER stress is implicated in LPS-induced depression-like behaviors.Thus, we aimed to evaluate the induction of PERK pathwayin mice with depression-like behaviors induced by LPS, as well as the alterations in depression-like behaviorsfollowing the blocking of PERK pathway.We found that LPS challenges resulted in enhanced PERK in the hippocampus, with no alteration in the prefrontal cortex. Importantly, we found that PERKinhibitorISRIB reducedthe proinflammatory responsesof microglia in the context of acute LPS-induced brain inflammation, and subsequent the preserved hippocampal neurogenesis, and improvement in depression-like behavioroutcomes following LPS challenges.It was also worth mentioning thatISRIB treatmentreduced the peripheral pro-inflammatory cytokines includingIL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-18. Thus, targetingPERK mediated Endoplasmic reticulum stress may be a promising antidepressant and anti-inflammatory candidate drug for the alleviation of neuroinflammationmediated depression, and PERKinhibitorISRIBmay havebenefits for combating major depressive disorder.

4.
Cell Commun Signal ; 20(1): 117, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941604

RESUMO

The liver is unique in its ability to regenerate from a wide range of injuries and diseases. Liver regeneration centers around hepatocyte proliferation and requires the coordinated actions of nonparenchymal cells, including biliary epithelial cells, liver sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic stellate cells and kupffer cells. Interactions among various hepatocyte and nonparenchymal cells populations constitute a sophisticated regulatory network that restores liver mass and function. In addition, there are two different ways of liver regeneration, self-replication of liver epithelial cells and transdifferentiation between liver epithelial cells. The interactions among cell populations and regenerative microenvironment in the two modes are distinct. Herein, we first review recent advances in the interactions between hepatocytes and surrounding cells and among nonparenchymal cells in the context of liver epithelial cell self-replication. Next, we discuss the crosstalk of several cell types in the context of liver epithelial transdifferentiation, which is also crucial for liver regeneration. Video abstract.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Regeneração Hepática , Células Estreladas do Fígado , Hepatócitos , Fígado/metabolismo
5.
J Nat Prod ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943432

RESUMO

Steviol is an ent-kaurene diterpenoid with interesting pharmacological activity. Several steviol derivatives with an exo-methylene cyclopentanone unit were discovered as potent antitumor agents. However, their poor selectivity for tumor cells relative to normal cells reduces their prospects as potential anticancer drugs. In this study, based on previous work, 32 steviol derivatives, including 28 new analogues, were synthesized. Their cytotoxicity against tumor cells and normal cells was evaluated. Several new derivatives, such as 7a, 7h, and 8f, with improved cytotoxic selectivity and antiproliferative activity were obtained, and the structure-activity relationship correlations were investigated. The new compound 8f displayed potent antiproliferative activity against Huh7 cells (IC50 = 2.6 µM) and very weak cytotoxicity against the corresponding normal cells HHL5 (IC50 = 97.0 µM). Further investigation showed that 8f arrested the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase and caused reactive oxygen species overproduction, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and induced apoptosis of Huh7 cells through inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR and NF-κB pathway as well as upregulation of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. The present study suggested that 8f is a promising lead compound for new cancer therapies, and the results presented herein may encourage the further modification of steviol for additional derivatives with enhanced efficacy and selectivity.

6.
Radiol Med ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous assessment of disease activity remains a huge challenge during the follow-ups of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) by comparing with computed tomography enterography (CTE) in the assessment of disease activity in CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients diagnosed with CD were included in this study, using the CEUS and CTE as imaging methods for comparison. The selected parameters included the location and thickness of the thickest part of the intestinal wall, mesenteric fat proliferation, mesenteric vessels change, enhancement pattern and the presence of complications. Patients were clinically assessed using the Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI), C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) was regarded as the reference standard. RESULTS: The location of the thickest part of the intestinal wall (κ = 0.653), bowel wall thickness (ICC = 0.795), mesenteric vessels change (κ = 0.692) and complications (κ = 0.796) displayed substantial agreement (0.61-0.80) between CEUS and CTE, while the detection of mesenteric fat proliferation (κ = 0.395) and enhancement pattern (κ = 0.288) showed fair consistency (0.21-0.40) for comparison. In CEUS, bowel wall thickness, mesenteric fat proliferation, enhancement pattern and mesenteric vessels change were statistically significant in assessing CD activity, while bowel wall thickness, mesenteric fat proliferation and mesenteric vessels change in CTE. Bowel wall thickness showed the best diagnostic performance in the assessment of CD activity at CEUS and CTE. CONCLUSION: CEUS provides a radiation-free and effective way to assess the CD activity in comparison with CTE, which also avoids frequent colonoscopy examinations, improves tolerance of patients, and reduces the cost of medical care, thereby serving as a useful tool for CD follow-up.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911134

RESUMO

Objective: The objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic resection (LAP), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR), and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Methods: The clinical data of 105 patients who were treated in our hospital and diagnosed with GIST by pathology after surgery from March 2019 to March 2021 were collected. Patients were divided into the LAP group, EFR group, and ESD group according to different surgical methods. The clinical data, surgical conditions, complications, and postoperative conditions of the patients were recorded retrospectively. Patients were followed up closely after surgery. Results: The operation time of the EFR group and ESD group was shorter than that of the LAP group, and the operation time of the EFR group was shorter than that of the ESD group (P < 0.05). The amount of intraoperative blood loss in the EFR group and ESD group was lower than that in the LAP group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the complete resection rate among the three groups (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the total incidence of complications among the three groups (P > 0.05). The postoperative abdominal pain time, postoperative hospital stay, and total hospitalization costs of the EFR group and ESD group were lower than those of the LAP group (P < 0.05). No recurrence or metastasis cases were found in the three groups during the follow-up period, and there were no GIST-related deaths in the three groups. Conclusion: LAP, EFR, and ESD have good curative effect, good safety, and good prognosis in the treatment of GIST. But compared with LAP, EFR and ESD have the advantages of less trauma, faster recovery, shorter hospitalization time, and lower hospitalization cost.

8.
Neuroradiology ; 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925438

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of using CT perfusion (CTP) with increased temporal sampling interval to predict the target mismatch status in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with anterior circular large-vessel occlusion (LVO). METHODS: CTP with a sampling interval of 1.7 s (CTP1.7 s) was scanned in 77 AIS patients for pre-treatment evaluation. Simulated CTP data with sampling interval of 3.4 s (CTP3.4 s) or 5.1 s (CTP5.1 s) were reconstructed, respectively. Target mismatch was defined according to the EXTEND-IA (Extending the Time for Thrombolysis in Emergency Neurological Deficits-Intra-Arterial) and DEFUSE 3 (Endovascular Therapy Following Imaging Evaluation for Ischemic Stroke) trial criteria, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, Bland-Altman analysis, and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis as appropriate. RESULTS: Significant correlations were found on the volume of ischemic core, hypo-perfused area, mismatch area, and ratio between CTP1.7 s and CTP3.4 s or CTP5.1 s (all p < 0.001). There was no significant difference on the volume of ischemic core, hypo-perfused area, mismatch area, and mismatch ratio between CTP1.7 s and CTP3.4 s or CTP5.1 s (all p > 0.05). Compared with CTP1.7 s, CTP3.4 s or CTP5.1 s showed comparable performance in predicting the target mismatch status in the AIS patients with LVO (both p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: CTPs with increased temporal sampling intervals that lead to reduced radiation doses are feasible and may provide comparable performance in predicting target mismatch status in AIS patients with LVO.

9.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between the expression of PD-1, PD-L1, CD3, CD8, Foxp3 and clinicopathological features as well as survival outcome in patients with oral leukoplakia (OLK) and oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), and to study the effect of PD-1 and PD-L1 on immune microenvironment in the progression of oral carcinogenesis. METHODS: We evaluated the expression of PD-1/PD-L1 and composition of CD3+ , CD8+ and Foxp3+ T lymphocytes (TLs) in OLK and OSCC samples by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and analyzed their relation with clinical information and malignant transformation. RESULTS: IHC staining demonstrated that the expression of PD-1 was significantly increased in the high-grade OLK group than the low-grade OLK group, while PD-L1 was detected mainly in OSCC. The expression of CD3, CD8 and Foxp3 was found higher in the high-grade OLK group than in the low-grade OLK group, and the Foxp3+ cells were found more in the OSCC group than in the high-grade OLK group. PD-1 was significantly correlated with CD3 (P<0.05, R=0.52), CD8 (P<0.05, R=0.46) and Foxp3 (P<0.05, R=0.46), and the low PD-1-expression group showed a better malignant-free survival than high PD-1 expression group in the OLK (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The PD-1/PD-L1 may induce immune suppression in OLK and accelerate the progress of malignant transformation.

10.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 15: 1459-1463, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935598

RESUMO

Blindness caused by embolization of fillers is a rare but catastrophic complication after cosmetic injection. Vision improvement is rarely reported among the various studies on potential clinical treatments. In this case, the patient suffered from ophthalmic artery occlusion with no light perception 48 h after hyaluronic acid injection. After two intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy sessions and traditional sequential therapy, ocular appearance was restored to normal, blood supply to the retina and visual function were improved, and visual acuity was restored to hand motion levels. Our results suggest that intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy with hyaluronidase and papaverine has a positive effect on hyaluronic acid-induced visual loss and is worthy of clinical promotion.

11.
Obstet Gynecol ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate trends in use of laparoscopic power morcellators in women undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy and to examine use of containment systems in these patients in relation to safety guidance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). METHODS: We examined data that were recorded in the Premier Healthcare Database from patients who underwent laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy from 2010 to 2018. Patients were stratified based on use of laparoscopic power morcellators. The cohort was further stratified as either pre-FDA guidance (2010 quarter 1-2014 quarter 1) or post-FDA guidance (2014 quarter 2-2018 quarter 2). Interrupted time series analyses were performed to determine the effect of FDA guidance on the use of laparoscopic power morcellators and containment bags. RESULTS: Among 67,115 patients, laparoscopic power morcellator use decreased from 66.7% in 2013 quarter 4 to 13.3% by 2018 quarter 2. The likelihood of laparoscopic power morcellator use decreased by 9.5% for each quarter elapsed in the post-FDA warning period (risk ratio [RR] 0.91, 95% CI 0.90-0.91). Containment bag use rose from 5.2% in 2013 quarter 4 to 15.2% by 2018 quarter 2. The likelihood of containment bag use increased by 3% for each quarter elapsed in the post-FDA warning period (RR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02-1.05). Among women who had laparoscopic power morcellator use, uterine cancers or sarcomas were identified in 54 (0.17%) before the FDA guidance compared with seven (0.12%) after the guidance (P=.45). Containment bags were used in 11.1% of women with uterine cancers or sarcomas before the FDA guidance compared with 14.3% after the guidance (P=.12). The perioperative complication rate was 3.3% among women who had laparoscopic power morcellator use without a containment bag compared with 4.5% (P=.001) in those with a containment bag (aRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.12-1.64). CONCLUSION: Use of laparoscopic power morcellators has decreased over time. Containment bag use increased after the FDA's 2014 guidance; however, most procedures employing laparoscopic power morcellators are still performed without a containment bag.

12.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(3): 497-503, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791950

RESUMO

Allogeneic red blood cell transfusion can induce transfusion-related immunomodulation while correcting anemia and improving oxygenation,and thus may be associated with the increased risk of postoperative infections.However,the available studies have conflicting conclusions.Preclinical studies demonstrate transfusion-related immunomodulation is associated with transfusion amounts.Stored red blood cells can cause more significant immunosuppression than fresh blood products,while leukoreduction alleviates the negative effect on immune system.However,clinical studies do not reach agreements on these issues.Recently,accumulating multi-center,large-sample-size,real-world studies have reported significant associations of all ogeneic red blood cell transfusion in cardiac,orthopedic,hepatic,pancreatic,gastrointestinal,and vesical surgeries with postoperative infections.Considering the limitations of previous studies,future research should focus on multiple operations,prolong the time interval between transfusion and surgery,include different infections into outcomes,and define the postoperative infections accurately in the premise of adequate samples.High-quality clinical evidence could help to optimize the utilization of blood products and improve the postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transfusão de Sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Período Pós-Operatório
13.
Med Vet Entomol ; 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35801679

RESUMO

Haemaphysalis longicornis is an obligate haematophagous ectoparasite, transmitting a variety of pathogens, which brings great damage to human health and animal husbandry development. Lipocalins (LIP) are a family of proteins that transport small hydrophobic molecules and also involve in immune regulation, such as the regulation of cell homeostasis, inhibiting the host's inflammatory response and resisting the contractile responses in host blood vessels. Therefore, it is one of the candidate antigens for vaccines. Based on previous studies, we constructed the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.1-HlLIP of LIP homologue from H. longicornis (HlLIP). ELISA results showed that rabbits immunized with pcDNA3.1-HlLIP produced higher anti-rHlLIP antibody levels compared with the pcDNA3.1 group, indicating that pcDNA3.1-HlLIP induced the humoral immune response of host. Adult H. longicornis infestation trial in rabbits demonstrated that the engorgement weight, oviposition and hatchability of H. longicornis fed on rabbits immunized with pcDNA3.1-HlLIP decreased by 7.07%, 14.30% and 11.70% respectively, compared with that of the pcDNA3.1 group. In brief, DNA vaccine of pcDNA3.1-HlLIP provided immune protection efficiency of 30% in rabbits. This study demonstrated that pcDNA3.1-HlLIP can partially protect rabbits against H. longicornis, and it is possible to develop a new candidate antigen against ticks.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The shortage of donor liver restricts liver transplantation (LT). Nowadays, donor liver with ABO blood group incompatibility between donor and recipient has become an option to expand the source of donor liver. Although it is now possible to perform ABO-incompatible (ABO-I) LT, antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) has been recognized as the primary cause of desperate outcomes after ABO-I LT. Anti-A/B antibody is the trigger of immune response to ABO-I LT graft injury. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) can quickly reduce the titer of plasma antibodies and effectively inhibit humoral immunity. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and CNKI databases using search terms "therapeutic plasma exchange", "ABO-incompatible liver transplantation", "ABO-I LT", "liver transplantation", "LT", "antibody-mediated rejection", and "AMR". Additional publications were identified by a manual search of references from key articles. The relevant publications published before September 30, 2020 were included in this review. RESULTS: Different centers have made different attempts on whether to use TPE, when to use TPE and how often to use TPE. However, the control standard of lectin revision level is always controversial, the target titer varies significantly from center to center, and the standard target titer has not yet been established. TPE has several schemes to reduce antibody titers, but there is a lack of clinical trials that provide standardized procedures. CONCLUSIONS: TPE is essential for ABO-I LT. Hence, further research and clinical trials should be conducted to determine the best regimen for TPE to remove ABO antibodies and prevent AMR.

15.
Light Sci Appl ; 11(1): 203, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790719

RESUMO

A major challenge in practical quantum computation is the ineludible errors caused by the interaction of quantum systems with their environment. Fault-tolerant schemes, in which logical qubits are encoded by several physical qubits, enable to the output of a higher probability of correct logical qubits under the presence of errors. However, strict requirements to encode qubits and operators render the implementation of a full fault-tolerant computation challenging even for the achievable noisy intermediate-scale quantum technology. Especially the threshold for fault-tolerant computation still lacks experimental verification. Here, based on an all-optical setup, we experimentally demonstrate the existence of the threshold for the fault-tolerant protocol. Four physical qubits are represented as the spatial modes of two entangled photons, which are used to encode two logical qubits. The experimental results clearly show that when the error rate is below the threshold, the probability of correct output in the circuit, formed with fault-tolerant gates, is higher than that in the corresponding non-encoded circuit. In contrast, when the error rate is above the threshold, no advantage is observed in the fault-tolerant implementation. The developed high-accuracy optical system may provide a reliable platform to investigate error propagation in more complex circuits with fault-tolerant gates.

16.
Parasit Vectors ; 15(1): 245, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35804396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protozoan parasite secretions can be triggered by various modified media and diverse physicochemical stressors. Equally, host-parasite interactions are known to co-opt the exchange and secretion of soluble biochemical components. Analysis of Eimeria falciformis sporozoite secretions in response to interaction with mouse intestinal epithelial cells (MIECs) may reveal parasite secretory motifs, protein composition and inflammatory activities of E. falciformis extracellular vesicles (EVs). METHODS: Eimeria falciformis sporozoites were allowed to interact with inactivated MIECs. Parasite secretions were separated into EV and vesicle-free (VF) fractions by discontinuous centrifugation and ultracentrifugation. Secreted EVs were purified in an iodixanol density gradient medium and the protein composition of both EV and VF fractions were analyzed by liquid chromatoraphy-tandem mass spectroscopy. The inflammatory activities of E. falciformis sporozoite EV on MIECs were then investigated. RESULTS: During the interaction of E. falciformis sporozoites with inactivated MIECs, the parasite secreted VF and vesicle-bound molecules. Eimeria falciformis vesicles are typical pathogenic protozoan EVs with a mean diameter of 264 ± 2 nm, and enclosed heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 as classical EV marker. Refractile body-associated aspartyl proteinase (or eimepsin), GAP45 and aminopeptidase were the main components of E. falciformis sporozoite EVs, while VF proteins include Hsp90, actin, Vps54 and kinases, among others. Proteomic data revealed that E. falciformis EV and VF proteins are aggregates of bioactive, antigenic and immunogenic molecules which act in concert for E. falciformis sporozoite motility, pathogenesis and survival. Moreover, in MIECs, E. falciformis EVs induced upregulation of gene expression and secretion of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17, IL-18, MCP1 as well as pyroptosis-dependent caspase 11 and NLRP6 inflammasomes with the concomitant secretion of lactate dehydrogenase. CONCLUSIONS: Eimeria falciformis sporozoite interaction with MIECs triggered the secretion of immunogenic and antigenic proteins. In addition, E. falciformis sporozoite EVs constitute parasite-associated molecular pattern that induced inflammatory response and cell death. This study offers additional insight in the secretion and protein composition of E. falciformis secretomes as well as the proinflammatory functions of E. falciformis sporozoite EVs.


Assuntos
Eimeria , Vesículas Extracelulares , Parasitos , Animais , Eimeria/genética , Células Epiteliais , Camundongos , Proteômica , Esporozoítos
17.
Front Physiol ; 13: 913457, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35774287

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of aortic wall compliance on intraluminal hemodynamics within surgically repaired type A aortic dissection (TAAD). Fully coupled two-way fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulations were performed on two patient-specific post-surgery TAAD models reconstructed from computed tomography angiography images. Our FSI model incorporated prestress and different material properties for the aorta and graft. Computational results, including velocity, wall shear stress (WSS) and pressure difference between the true and false lumen, were compared between the FSI and rigid wall simulations. It was found that the FSI model predicted lower blood velocities and WSS along the dissected aorta. In particular, the area exposed to low time-averaged WSS ( ≤ 0.2   P a ) was increased from 21 cm2 (rigid) to 38 cm2 (FSI) in patient 1 and from 35 cm2 (rigid) to 144 cm2 (FSI) in patient 2. FSI models also produced more disturbed flow where much larger regions presented with higher turbulence intensity as compared to the rigid wall models. The effect of wall compliance on pressure difference between the true and false lumen was insignificant, with the maximum difference between FSI and rigid models being less than 0.25 mmHg for the two patient-specific models. Comparisons of simulation results for models with different Young's moduli revealed that a more compliant wall resulted in further reduction in velocity and WSS magnitudes because of increased displacements. This study demonstrated the importance of FSI simulation for accurate prediction of low WSS regions in surgically repaired TAAD, but a rigid wall computational fluid dynamics simulation would be sufficient for prediction of luminal pressure difference.

18.
Front Neurol ; 13: 902912, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35812093

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Although previous neuroimaging studies have demonstrated emotion- and psychology-associated brain abnormalities in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), the changes of brain functional connectivity in TAO were seldom focused. We aimed to investigate interregional and intraregional functional interactions in patients with TAO by using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) with long- and short-range functional connectivity density (FCD) analysis. Methods: Thirty patients with TAO and 30 well-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited in our study. Long- and short-range FCD values were calculated and compared between the two groups. Correlations between long- and short-range FCD values and clinical indicators were analyzed. Results: Compared with HCs, patients with showed both increased long- and short-range FCDs in the left middle frontal gyrus (MFG), orbital part of superior frontal gyrus (ORBsup), and dorsolateral part of superior frontal gyrus (SFGdor); meanwhile, both decreased long- and short-range FCDs in bilateral postcentral gyrus (PoCG), left superior parietal gyrus (SPG), and inferior parietal (IPL). In addition, patients with TAO showed increased short-range FCD in the right SFGdor, bilateral medial part of superior frontal gyrus (SFGmed), left orbital part of middle frontal gyrus (ORBmid), and orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus (ORBinf), as well as decreased short-range FCD in the right supplementary motor area (SMA) and the left paracentral lobule (PCL) than HCs. Moreover, the short-range value in the left SFGdor showed a negative correlation with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score (r = -0.501, p = 0.005). Conclusion: Our findings complemented the functional neural mechanism of TAO, and provided potential neuroimaging markers for assessing the psychiatric, visual, and emotional disturbances in patients with TAO.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830394

RESUMO

The functional connectivity network (FCN) has been used to achieve several remarkable advancements in the diagnosis of neuro-degenerative disorders. Therefore, it is imperative to accurately estimate biologically meaningful FCNs. Several efforts have been dedicated to this purpose by encoding biological priors. However, owing to the high complexity of the human brain, the estimation of an 'ideal' FCN remains an open problem. To the best of our knowledge, almost all existing studies lack the integration of domain expert knowledge, which limits their performance. In this study, we focused on incorporating domain expert knowledge into the FCN estimation from a modularity perspective. To achieve this, we presented a human-guided modular representation (MR) FCN estimation framework. Specifically, we designed an adversarial low-rank constraint to describe the module structure of FCNs under the guidance of domain expert knowledge (i.e., a predefined participant index). The chronic tinnitus (TIN) identification task based on the estimated FCNs was conducted to examine the proposed MR methods. Remarkably, MR significantly outperformed the baseline and state-of-the-art(SOTA) methods, achieving an accuracy of 92.11%. Moreover, post-hoc analysis revealed that the FCNs estimated by the proposed MR could highlight more biologically meaningful connections, which is beneficial for exploring the underlying mechanisms of TIN and diagnosing early TIN.

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