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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 131, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The modified polycystic ovary syndrome health-related quality-of-life questionnaire (MPCOSQ) is a 30-item instrument measuring quality-of-life in English-speaking patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We aimed to: 1) cross-culturally adapt the MPCOSQ into Chinese, and 2) assess the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MPCOSQ (Chi-MPCOSQ). METHODS: The MPCOSQ was translated using the forward-backward method, and its validity and reliability were assessed among 283 Chinese patients with PCOS. Internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability were assessed by Cronbach's α and intra-correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively. Construct validity was tested through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Discriminant validity was assessed by Mann-Whitney U test to compare the scores on the Chi-MPCOSQ between 283 women with PCOS and 93 women without PCOS. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis generated a 7-factor structure of the 30-item version of the Chi-MPCOSQ, which accounted for 77% of the overall variance. The Chi-MPCOSQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.88) and good test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.89). Compared to PCOS patients, women without PCOS had consistently lower scores for every dimension of the Chi-MPCOSQ, demonstrating its good discriminant validity. CONCLUSION: The Chi-MPCOSQ is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring quality-of-life among Chinese women with PCOS.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32391634

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) remains a therapeutic challenge and improvements in chemotherapy are needed. 4-Amino-2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl retinate (ATPR), a novel all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) derivative designed and synthesized by our team, has been proven to show superior anticancer effect compared with ATRA on various cancers. However, its potential effect on AML remains largely unknown. Lactate dehydrogenase B (LDHB) is the key glycolytic enzyme that catalyses the interconversion between pyruvate and lactate. Currently, little is known about the role of LDHB in AML. In this study, we found that ATPR showed antileukaemic effects with RARα dependent in AML cells. LDHB was aberrantly overexpressed in human AML peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) and AML cell lines. A lentiviral vector expressing LDHB-targeting shRNA was constructed to generate a stable AML cells with low expression of LDHB. The effect of LDHB knockdown on differentiation and cycle arrest of AML cells was assessed in vitro and vivo, including involvement of Raf/MEK/ERK signalling. Finally, these data suggested that ATPR showed antileukaemic effects by RARα/LDHB/ ERK-glycolysis signalling axis. Further studies should focus on the underlying leukaemia-promoting mechanisms and investigate LDHB as a therapeutic target.

3.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 50(2): 821-834, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346301

RESUMO

Learning domain adaptive features aims to enhance the classification performance of the target domain by exploring the discriminant information from an auxiliary source set. Let X denote the feature and Y as the label. The most typical problem to be addressed is that P XY has a so large variation between different domains that classification in the target domain is difficult. In this paper, we study the generalized conditional domain adaptation (DA) problem, in which both P Y and P X|Y change across domains, in a causal perspective. We propose transforming the class conditional probability matching to the marginal probability matching problem, under a proper assumption. We build an intermediate domain by employing a regression model. In order to enforce the most relevant data to reconstruct the intermediate representations, a low-rank constraint is placed on the regression model for regularization. The low-rank constraint underlines a global algebraic structure between different domains, and stresses the group compactness in representing the samples. The new model is considered under the discriminant subspace framework, which is favorable in simultaneously extracting the classification information from the source domain and adaptation information across domains. The model can be solved by an alternative optimization manner of quadratic programming and the alternative Lagrange multiplier method. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to exploit low-rank representation, from the source domain to the intermediate domain, to learn the domain adaptive features. Comprehensive experimental results validate that the proposed method provides better classification accuracies with DA, compared with well-established baselines.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765312

RESUMO

Image set recognition has been widely applied in many practical problems like real-time video retrieval and image caption tasks. Due to its superior performance, it has grown into a significant topic in recent years. However, images with complicated variations, e.g., postures and human ages, are difficult to address, as these variations are continuous and gradual with respect to image appearance. Consequently, the crucial point of image set recognition is to mine the intrinsic connection or structural information from the image batches with variations. In this work, a Discriminant Residual Analysis (DRA) method is proposed to improve the classification performance by discovering discriminant features in related and unrelated groups. Specifically, DRA attempts to obtain a powerful projection which casts the residual representations into a discriminant subspace. Such a projection subspace is expected to magnify the useful information of the input space as much as possible, then the relation between the training set and the test set described by the given metric or distance will be more precise in the discriminant subspace. We also propose a nonfeasance strategy by defining another approach to construct the unrelated groups, which help to reduce furthermore the cost of sampling errors. Two regularization approaches are used to deal with the probable small sample size problem. Extensive experiments are conducted on benchmark databases, and the results show superiority and efficiency of the new methods.

5.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(3): 279-283, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489416

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the symmetry of nasal maxillary complex in the three-dimensional directions of patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate(UCLP) at the stage of mixed dentition. METHODS: Craniofacial cone-beam CT(CBCT) images of 20 UCLP patients at the stage of mixed dentition were selected. Three-dimensional reconstruction of bone tissue was carried out by Mimics software, nasal root point and 32 markers with the same name of the healthy side and the cleft side of the nasal maxillary complex were traced, three-dimensional reference planes were set up, then the distances between the points to the three-dimensional planes were measured respectively. SPSS 22.0 software package was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: In the horizontal direction, compared with the non-cleft side, the width of the cleft side of the maxilla at INM and SPC was smaller, the width of maxilla at LPA and SPr was larger, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In the sagittal direction, compared with the non-cleft side, the depth of LPA, Maz and SPr at the cleft side was larger, the depth of SPM and SPC was smaller, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).In the vertical direction, the positions of LPA, INM and Maz at the cleft side was lower than the non-cleft side, SPC and SPr were higher, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). The remaining points had no significant difference (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The nasal maxillary complex of UCLP patients at the stage of mixed dentition is asymmetric in three directions. The asymmetric locations were mainly located in the nasal cavity and alveolar bone. No obvious asymmetry is found in the orbital region and the maxillary region far from the cleft.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Dentição Mista , Maxila , Fenda Labial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenda Labial/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(25): 22194-22205, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199110

RESUMO

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) is a widely used imaging modality for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis. Mostly, US imaging is confined to the intravascular process because of the limitation of the microbubble contrast agent currently utilized. Targeted contrast agents that incline to accumulate in tumor tissue or tumor cells and enhance the US signal may advance the sensitivity of ultrasonography and exploit the dimension of US imaging of tumor at the molecular level. In this study, we developed CaCO3/pul-PCB (CPP) hybrid nanoparticles with hepatoma-targeting pullulan decorating on the surface through a mineralization route using the pullulan- graft-poly(carboxybetaine methacrylate) (pul-PCB) copolymer as a modifier. This particle was stable in blood physiological pH and generated echogenic CO2 bubbles under tumoral acidic conditions, which enabled the US signal enhancement. Upon intravenous injection, CPP hybrid nanoparticles accumulated efficiently in tumor tissue and exhibited sixfold contrast enhancement in 35 min at the tumor site in the hepatoma-bearing mice model. By contrast, there was barely any signal change in normal liver tissue. Therefore, the presented CPP hybrid nanoparticle is a promising contrast agent for effective US imaging of hepatoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste/química , Glucanos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Animais , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Microbolhas
7.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 180-186, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between dental calcification stages (DCS) and cervical vertebral maturation stages (CVMS) in patients with unilateral complete cleft lips and palates (UCLP) and to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment time selection of cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients. METHODS: A total of 123 UCLP patients and 215 non-CLP subjects were selected. The DCS of the left mandibular canine, premolar, and second molar in non-CLP subjects and on both cleft sides of UCLP patients were assessed utilizing the Demirjian method. CVMS was observed utilizing the Baccetti method. The results were analyzed by Spearman rank correlation, and the correlation coefficients were compared. RESULTS: There was a correlation between the CVMS and the DCS of the left mandibular canine, the first premolar, the second premolar, and the second molar in the non-CLP subjects and on both cleft sides of the UCLP patients (r=0.762-0.864, P<0.05; r=0.809-0.914, P<0.05, respectively). The correlation between the CVMS and the DCS of the mandibular first premolar was highest among the UCLP patients. Except for the first and the second premolars of UCLP females, the correlation between the DCS and the CVMS of the other teeth did not differ among the non-CLP subjects (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DCS can be utilized as a biological index to determine the growth development statuses. The correlation between the CVMS and the DCS of the mandibular first premolar was the highest.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Dente Pré-Molar , Calcinose , Vértebras Cervicais/patologia , Fenda Labial/fisiopatologia , Fissura Palatina/fisiopatologia , Dente Canino , Feminino , Humanos
8.
Theranostics ; 9(10): 2739-2753, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244919

RESUMO

The prevalence of antibiotic resistance and lack of alternative drugs have posed an increasing threat to public health. Here, we prepared ß-Ga2O3:Cr3+ nanoparticles modified with ICAM1-antibody-conjugated TPGS (I-TPGS/Ga2O3) as a novel antibiotic carrier for the treatment of drug-resistant infections. Methods: I-TPGS/Ga2O3 were firstly characterized by measuring particle size, morphology, crystal structure, drug loading capacity, and in vitro drug release behaviors. The in vitro antibacterial activities of I-TPGS/Ga2O3/TIG were evaluated using standard and drug-resistant bacteria. The internalization of I-TPGS/Ga2O3 was observed by fluorescence confocal imaging, and the expression levels of the efflux pump genes of TRKP were analyzed by real-time RT-PCR. In vitro cellular uptake and in vivo biodistribution study were performed to investigate the targeting specificity of I-TPGS/Ga2O3 using HUEVC and acute pneumonia mice, respectively. The in vivo anti-infective efficacy and biosafety of I-TPGS/Ga2O3/TIG were finally evaluated using acute pneumonia mice. Results: It was found that TPGS could down-regulate the over-expression of the efflux pump genes, thus decreasing the efflux pump activity of bacteria. I-TPGS/Ga2O3 with small particle size and uniform distribution facilitated their internalization in bacteria, and the TPGS modification resulted in a significant reduction in the efflux of loaded antibiotics. These properties rendered the encapsulated tigecycline to exert a stronger antibacterial activity both in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, targeted delivery of I-TPGS/Ga2O3 mediated by ICAM1 antibodies contributed to a safe and effective therapy. Conclusion: It is of great value to apply I-TPGS/Ga2O3 as a novel and effective antibiotic delivery system for the treatment of drug-resistant infections.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6621, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036950

RESUMO

To assess anatomical changes in eyes with progressive myopia, we morphometrically examined the eyes of guinea pigs with lens-induced axial elongation. Starting at an age of 3-4 weeks, guinea pigs in the experimental group (n = 20 animals) developed unilateral lens-induced axial elongation by wearing goggles for 5 weeks compared to a control group of 20 animals without intervention (axial length:8.91 ± 0.08 mm versus 8.74 ± 0.07 mm; P < 0.001). Five weeks after baseline, the animals were sacrificed, and the eyes enucleated. As measured histomorphometrically, Bruch's membrane thickness was not significantly correlated with axial length in either group at the ora serrata (P = 0.41), equator (P = 0.41), midpoint between equator and posterior pole (MBEPP) (P = 0.13) or posterior pole (P = 0.89). Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell density decreased with longer axial length at the MBEPP (P = 0.04; regression coefficient beta = -0.33) and posterior pole (P = 0.01; beta = -0.40). Additionally, the thickness of the retina and sclera decreased with longer axial length at the MBEPP (P = 0.01; beta = -0.42 and P < 0.001; beta = -0.64, respectively) and posterior pole (P < 0.001; beta = -0.51 and P < 0.001; beta = -0.45, respectively). Choroidal thickness decreased at the posterior pole (P < 0.001; beta = -0.51). Experimental axial elongation was associated with a thinning of the retina, choroid and sclera and a decrease in RPE cell density, most markedly at the posterior pole. Bruch's membrane thickness was not related to axial elongation.

10.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 97(3): e460-e470, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30860674

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the potential role of amphiregulin as messenger molecule in ocular axial elongation. METHODS: The experimental study included guinea pigs (total n = 78) (age: 3-4 weeks) which underwent bilateral lens-induced myopization and received 15 days later three intraocular injections in weekly intervals of amphiregulin antibody (doses:5 µg, 10 µg, 20 µg) into their right eyes, and three phosphate-buffered saline injections into their left eyes; and guinea pigs without lens-induced myopization and which received three unilateral intraocular injections of amphiregulin antibody (dose: 20 µg) or amphiregulin (doses: 1 ng; 10 ng; 20 ng) into their right eyes, and three phosphate-buffered saline injections into their left eyes. Seven days later, the animals were sacrificed. Intravitally, we performed biometry, and histology and immunohistochemistry post-mortem. RESULTS: In animals with bilateral lens-induced myopization, the right eyes receiving amphiregulin antibody showed reduced axial elongation in a dose-dependent manner (dose: 5 µg: side difference: 0.14 ± 0.05 mm;10 µg: 0.22 ± 0.06 mm; 20 µg: 0.32 ± 0.06 mm; p < 0.001), thicker sclera (all p < 0.05) and higher cell density in the retinal nuclear layers and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) (all p < 0.05). In animals without lens-induced myopia, the right eyes with amphiregulin antibody application (20 µg) showed reduced axial elongation (p = 0.04), and the right eyes with amphiregulin injections experienced increased (p = 0.02) axial elongation in a dose-dependent manner (1 ng: 0.04 ± 0.06 mm; 10 ng: 0.10 ± 0.05 mm; 20 ng: 0.11 ± 0.06 mm). Eyes with lens-induced axial elongation as compared to eyes without lens-induced axial elongation revealed an increased visualization of amphiregulin upon immunohistochemistry and higher expression of mRNA of endogenous amphiregulin and epidermal growth factor receptor, in particular in the outer part of the retinal inner nuclear layer and in the RPE. CONCLUSION: Amphiregulin may be associated with axial elongation in young guinea pigs.


Assuntos
Anfirregulina/administração & dosagem , Comprimento Axial do Olho/efeitos dos fármacos , Miopia/tratamento farmacológico , Visão Ocular , Animais , Comprimento Axial do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Biometria , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cobaias , Imuno-Histoquímica , Injeções Intraoculares , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/fisiopatologia
11.
Eur Radiol ; 29(9): 4871-4878, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aim to compare the diagnostic performance to assess thyroid nodules and reliability for recommending fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) between American College of Radiology thyroid image reporting and data system (ACR TI-RADS) and American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines. METHODS: In total, this retrospective study included 1001 consecutive thyroid nodules in 918 patients from May 2016 to December 2017. US features of the thyroid nodules, including composition, echogenicity, shape, margins, echogenic foci, and size, were reviewed and were classified according to ACR TI-RADS and ATA guidelines, respectively. The diagnostic performance to assess thyroid nodules and reliability for recommending fine needle aspiration biopsy were compared between ACR TI-RADS and ATA guidelines. RESULTS: Of the 1001 thyroid nodules, 609 (60.8%) were benign and 392 (39.2%) were malignant. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy were 96.7%, 77.3%, 73.3%, 97.3%, and 84.9%, respectively, for ACR TI-RADS and 99.2%, 16.1%, 43.2%, 97.0%, and 48.7%, respectively, for ATA guidelines. AUC of ACR TI-RADS was significantly greater than ATA guidelines (0.935 (0.918, 0.949) vs 0.884 (0.862, 0.903), p < 0.001). Biopsy yield of malignancy, biopsy rate of malignancy, and unnecessary FNAB rate were 59.5%, 91.3%, and 40.5%, respectively, for ACR TI-RDS and 38.5%, 97.4%, and 61.5%, respectively, for ATA guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: ACR TI-RADS was more accurate than ATA guidelines for differentiating malignant thyroid nodules from benign nodules and more reliable than ATA guidelines for recommending thyroid nodules for FNAB. KEY POINTS: • Malignant risk of thyroid nodules can be stratified by ultrasound. • American College of Radiology guidelines were more accurate for differentiating malignant thyroid nodules from benign nodules. • American College of Radiology guidelines were more reliable for recommending thyroid nodules for biopsy.


Assuntos
Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Sistemas de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 256(11): 2165-2171, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30112579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the dimensions of Brücke's muscle, as the longitudinal portion, and of Müller's muscle and Iwanoff's muscle combined as circular and radial/reticular portions of the ciliary muscle. METHODS: The histomorphometric study included human globes that had been enucleated due to an ocular tumor or end-stage glaucoma. After immunohistochemical staining of the ciliary muscles, the histology slides were examined under a light microscope applying a digitized image analysis system. RESULTS: The study included 55 globes [axial length 25.6 ± 3.0 mm (range 21.0 mm-36.0 mm)] from 55 patients [mean age, 33.7 ± 18.3 years (range:1-66 years)]. Length of Brücke's muscle (mean 3.40 ± 0.76 mm) increased with longer axial length (P < 0.001; regression coefficient beta: 0.52) and was not significantly associated with age (P = 0.12), presence of glaucoma (P = 0.11) or Brücke's muscle thickness at the scleral spur (P = 0.32), at the site of the maximum thickness of the ciliary body (P = 0.84) or at the posterior end of Müller's/Iwanoff's muscle (P = 0.66), or with thickness (P = 0.29) and cross-sectional area (P = 0.85) of Müller's/Iwanoff's muscle. Mean distance between Brücke's muscle end and the ora serrata measured 1.73 ± 1.13 mm and increased with longer axial length (P < 0.001; beta: 0.46). Distance from the scleral spur to the ora serrata (mean: 4.94 ± 1.42 mm; range: 3.08-9.09 mm) increased with longer axial length (P < 0.001; beta: 0.61). Maximal thickness (mean: 245 ± 125 µm) and cross-section area (mean: 0.19 ± 0.11 mm2) of Müller's/Iwanoff's muscle decreased significantly with the diagnosis of glaucoma (P = 0.02;beta:-0.38) and longer axial length (P = 0.03; beta: -0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Length of Brücke's muscle increased with axial length of the globe, while its cross-sectional area was independent of axial length. Müller's/Iwanoff's muscle decreased in cross-sectional area with longer axis, and in particular with the presence of glaucoma, while the dimensions of Brücke's muscle were not related to glaucoma.


Assuntos
Comprimento Axial do Olho/patologia , Corpo Ciliar/patologia , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Músculo Liso/patologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enucleação Ocular , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso/metabolismo
13.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(8): 1258-1268, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140627

RESUMO

AIM: To reveal the insight mechanism of liver metastasis in uveal melanoma, we investigated cell functions of microRNA-21 in three different uveal melanoma cell lines and analyze the relationship of target gene p53 and its downstream targets. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect microRNA-21 expression in normal uveal tissue and uveal melanoma cell lines. Lenti-virus expression system was used to construct OCM-1, MuM-2B and M619 cell line with stable overexpression and inhibition of microRNA-21. In vitro cell function tests such as cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell circle and abilities of migration and invasion were examined by MTT, BrdU assay, flow cytometry, transwell assay and Matrigel invasion assay respectively. The target gene was predicted by bioinformatics and confirmed by using a dual luciferase reporter assay. The expression of p53 and its suspected downstream targets LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP1) and glutathione S transferase pi (GST-Pi) were determined by qRT-PCR in mRNA level and Western blotting analysis in protein level. Finally, the effect of microRNA-21 in a xenograft tumor model was assessed in four-week-old BALB/c nude mice. RESULTS: Compared to normal uveal melanoma, expressions of microRNA-21 were significantly higher in uveal melanoma cell lines. Overexpression of microRNA-21 promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion of OCM-1, M619 and MuM-2B cells, while inhibition of microRNA-21 reveal opposite effects. Wild type p53 was identified as a target gene of microRNA-21-3p, and proved by dual luciferase reporter assay. Up-regulated microRNA-21 inhibited the expression of wild type p53 gene, and the increased expression of LASP1 in mRNA level and protein level, while down-regulated microRNA-21 presented opposite way. However, GST-pi showed the potential pattern as expected, but relative mRNA level showed no statistically significant difference in OCM-1 cells. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of GST-pi was decreased in microRNA-21 overexpressing MuM-2B, and increased in M619 cells with inhibition of microRNA-21. In vivo, inhibition of microRNA-21 reduced tumor growth with statistically significant difference. CONCLUSION: These findings provide novel insight into molecular etiology of microRNA-21 in uveal melanoma cell lines, and suggest that microRNA-21 might be a potential candidate for the diagnosis and prognostic factor of human uveal melanoma.

14.
Open Med (Wars) ; 13: 214-220, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915811

RESUMO

Background: The main causes of intracerebral hemorrhage differ between young adults and older adults. Data regarding potential targets for early intervention in young adult patients with intracerebral hemorrhage are lacking. Methods: We retrospectively analysed data for 196 young adult patients with intracerebral hemorrhage who were admitted to Tianjin Huanhu Hospital and died within 30 days of admission between June 2005 and June 2015. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate, and the log-rank test was used to determine survival rate significance. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Univariate analysis revealed a statistically significant association of age, disturbance of consciousness, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and Glasgow Coma Scale scores, seizure occurrence, infratentorial hemorrhage, intraventricular extension, hernia, glucose level, white blood cell count, albumin level, creatinine level, uric acid level, and surgical treatment with early mortality (P<0.05). However, multivariate regression analysis revealed that only infratentorial hemorrhage (P=0.003) and intraventricular extension (P=0.003) were significant risk factors for early mortality. Conclusions: Our results suggest that young adult patients who exhibit infratentorial hemorrhage and intraventricular extension in the early stages of intracerebral hemorrhage onset exhibit an increased risk of early mortality.

15.
Radiology ; 287(2): 461-472, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135366

RESUMO

Purpose To compare the benefits and harms of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and hepatic resection (HR) and to test the consistency of currently available evidence. Materials and Methods PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effects of HR and RFA for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer very early or early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The primary outcome was overall survival, and secondary outcomes were recurrence rate, complication rate, and hospitalization duration. A random- or fixed-effects model according to the level of heterogeneity was applied. The meta-analysis was performed by using software, and trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed. Results Five trials examining 742 patients were included in this study (sizes of trials: 161, 230, 168, 120, and 63 patients). The meta-analysis showed that RFA and HR had similar overall survival at 1 year (relative risk [RR], 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36, 5.33; P = .63) and 3 years (RR, 1.40; 95% CI: 0.75, 2.62; P = .29), whereas RFA resulted in decreased overall survival compared with HR at 5 years (RR: 1.91; 95% CI: 1.32, 2.79; P = .001). The TSA showed that more trials were needed to control random errors. The incidence of overall recurrence was markedly higher and the hospitalization duration was significantly shorter in the RFA group than in the HR group, which was confirmed by TSA. Complications may have been less frequent in the RFA group, but TSA showed that additional trials were necessary to confirm this conclusion. Conclusion The indication for RFA as a primary treatment for patients who are eligible for HR with early stage HCC is unclear, and additional well-designed RCTs are needed. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Ablação por Cateter , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ablação por Cateter/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 39(1): 97-106, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770825

RESUMO

Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is regarded as a leading cause of acute kidney failure and renal dysfunction. Previous studies show that kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists can attenuate IRI in cardiomycytes and neuronal cells. In this study we explored the effects of a KOR agonist on renal IRI and the underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. An IRI model was established in SD rats, which were intravenously pretreated with a KOR agonist U50448H (1 mg/kg), a KOR antagonist Nor-BNI (2 mg/kg) followed by U50448H (1 mg/kg), or the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin (1.4 mg/kg) followed by U50448H (1 mg/kg). U50448H pretreatment significantly decreased the serum levels of creatinine (Cr) and BUN, the renal tubular injury scores and the apoptotic index (AI) in IRI model rats. Furthermore, U50448H significantly increased SOD activity and NO levels, and reduced the MDA levels in the kidney tissues of IRI model rats. Moreover, U50448H significantly increased the phosphorylation of Akt, eNOS and PI3K in the kidney tissues of IRI model rats. All the beneficial effects of U50448H were blocked by Nor-BNI or wortmannin pre-administered. Similar results were observed in vitro in renal tubular epithelial NRK-52E cells subjected to a hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR) procedure. Our results demonstrate that the KOR agonist U50448H protects against renal IRI via activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
(trans)-Isômero de 3,4-dicloro-N-metil-N-(2-(1-pirrolidinil)-ciclo-hexil)-benzenoacetamida/uso terapêutico , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Opioides kappa/agonistas , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Rim/patologia , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase
17.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 26(2): 156-161, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28815243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effect of enamel matrix derivative(EMD) on root repair and tooth movement relapse after orthodontic tooth movement in rats. METHODS: Twenty 10-weeks old male rats were divided into experimental and control group randomly (n=10). 100 g force was exerted to the left maxillary first molars for 14 days and then removed. EMD was injected in rats in the experimental group since appliance was removed. The control group received no injection. Micro-CT was taken to analyze the changes of root resorption volume and distance of tooth movement. The differences were analyzed by SPSS19.0 software package. RESULTS: Fourteen days after device removal, the repair volume of root resorption lacunae in the experimental group and the control group were (0.0295±0.0052)×107 µm3,(0.0189±0.0086)×107 µm3, respectively. The relapse distance and relapse percentage after tooth movement were (0.089±0.005) mm, (64.76±3.63)%, (0.127±0.010) mm and (92.28±1.90)%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed the repair volume of root resorption lacunae, the relapse distance and relapse percentage were statistically significant 14 days after device removal (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EMD can enhance the effect of root repair and decrease early relapse after orthodontic tooth movement in a certain extent.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/química , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Raiz Dentária , Animais , Masculino , Dente Molar , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Recidiva , Reabsorção da Raiz , Microtomografia por Raio-X
18.
PLoS One ; 12(8): e0182080, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess a potential role of Bruch´s membrane (BM) in the biomechanics of the eye, we measured its thickness and the density of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells in various ocular regions in eyes of varying axial length. METHODS: Human globes, enucleated because of an ocular tumor or end-stage glaucoma were prepared for histological examination. Using light microscopy, the histological slides were histomorphometrically examined applying a digitized image analysis system. RESULTS: The study included 104 eyes with a mean axial length of 27.9±3.2 mm (range:22.6mm-36.5mm). In eyes without congenital glaucoma, BM was significantly thickest (P<0.001) at the ora serrata, followed by the posterior pole, the midpoint between equator and posterior pole (MBEPP), and finally the equator. BM thickness was not significantly correlated with axial length (ora serrata: P = 0.93; equator:P = 0.31; MBEPP:P = 0.15; posterior pole:P = 0.35). RPE cell density in the pre-equatorial region (P = 0.02; regression coefficient r = -0.24) and in the retro-equatorial region (P = 0.03; r = -0.22) decreased with longer axial length, while RPE cell density at the ora serrata (P = 0.35), the MBEPP (P = 0.06; r = -0.19) and the posterior pole (P = 0.38) was not significantly correlated with axial length. Highly myopic eyes with congenital glaucoma showed a tendency towards lower BM thickness and lower RPE cell density at all locations. CONCLUSIONS: BM thickness, in contrast to scleral and choroidal thickness, was independent of axial length in eyes without congenital glaucoma. In association with an axial elongation associated decrease in the RPE cell density in the midperiphery, the findings support the notion of a biomechanical role BM may play in the process of emmetropization/myopization.


Assuntos
Comprimento Axial do Olho/anatomia & histologia , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/anatomia & histologia , Neoplasias Oculares/cirurgia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Comprimento Axial do Olho/patologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/patologia , Enucleação Ocular , Neoplasias Oculares/patologia , Feminino , Glaucoma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miopia/patologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/anatomia & histologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Am J Transl Res ; 9(7): 3499-3513, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28804566

RESUMO

We investigated the ability of microRNA-93 (miR-93) to influence proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosisofrenal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells via transforming growth factor-ß/solvated metal atom dispersed (TGF-ß/Smad) signaling by targeting runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3). RCC tissues with corresponding adjacent normal tissues were collected from 249 RCC patients. And normal renal tissues were collected from patients without RCC who received nephrectomy. The RCC cell line ACHN was treated with miR-93 mimic, mimic-negative control (NC), miR-93 inhibitor, inhibitor-NC, and miR-93 inhibitor + small interfering RNA (siRNA) against RUNX3 (si-RUNX3). Expression of miR-93, RUNX3, TGF-ß, and Smad4 were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. Cell proliferation was assessed by the Metallothioneins (MTS) assay, cell invasion by the wound-healing assay, cell migration by the Transwell assay, and cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Compared with normal renal tissues, the expression of miR-93 and TGF-ß were higher while that of RUNX3 and Smad4 were low in RCC and adjacent normal tissues (all P<0.05). RUNX3 was confirmed as a target of miR-93 by the dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Compared with mimic-NC group, cell proliferation, invasion, migration and cells from G0/G1 to S phase enhanced but the apoptosis decreased in the miR-93 mimic group (all P<0.05). Compared with inhibitor-NC group, proliferation, invasion, and migration reduced, while apoptosis increased, and cells at G0/G1 phase arrested in the miR-93 inhibitor group (all P<0.05). Compared with miR-93 inhibitor group, cell proliferation, invasion, and migration increased with increasing cells from G1 to S phase while the apoptosis decreased, in miR-93 inhibitor + si-RUNX3 group (all P<0.05). In conclusion, miR-93 inhibits apoptosis and promotes proliferation, invasion, and migration of RCC cells via TGF-ß/Smad signaling by inhibiting RUNX3.

20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 7(5)2017 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492491

RESUMO

Amylose is a promising nanocarrier for gene delivery in terms of its good biocompatibility and high transfection efficiency. Small interfering RNA against survivin (survivin-siRNA) can cause tumor apoptosis by silencing a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-specific gene at the messenger RNA level. In this study, we developed a new class of folate-functionalized, superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded cationic amylose nanoparticles to deliver survivin-siRNA to HCC cells. The cellular uptake of nanocomplexes, cytotoxicity, cell apoptosis, and gene suppression mediated by siRNA-complexed nanoparticles were tested. The results demonstrated that folate-functionalized, SPIO-loaded cationic amylose nanoparticles can mediate a specific and safe cellular uptake of survivin-siRNA with high transfection efficiency, resulting in a robust survivin gene downregulation in HCC cells. The biocompatible complex of cationic amylose could be used as an efficient, rapid, and safe gene delivery vector. Upon SPIO loading, it holds a great promise as a theranostic carrier for gene therapy of HCC.

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