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1.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851221095237, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) can provide objective evaluation of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC). PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between quantitative parameters acquired from DECT and histopathological prognostic factors in LHSCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 65 patients with LHSCC who underwent arterial phase and venous phase DECT scans were retrospectively enrolled. Iodine concentration (IC) and normalized IC (NIC) of the tumor were calculated in both the arterial (ICA and NICA) and venous (ICV and NICV) phases, and compared among different pathological grades, T stages, and lymph node stages. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to evaluate their diagnostic performance. RESULTS: There were significantly differences on ICA and NICA among three pathological grades (ICA, P = 0.001; NICA, P = 0.002). For differentiating moderately and poorly differentiated from well-differentiated LHSCC using ICA and NICA, the areas under curve (AUCs) were 0.753 and 0.726, respectively. High T stage (T3/4) LHSCC showed significantly higher ICA (P = 0.012) and NICA (P = 0.005) than low T stage (T1/2) LHSCC. The AUCs of the ICA and NICA were 0.674 and 0.703, respectively, in discriminating high from low T stage LHSCC. Lymph node metastasis (LNM)-positive (N1/2/3) LHSCC showed significantly higher ICA (P = 0.008) and NICA (P = 0.003) than LNM-negative (N0) LHSCC. For discriminating the LNM-positive from the LNM-negative group using ICA and NICA, the AUCs were 0.697 and 0.744, respectively. CONCLUSION: ICA and NICA might be helpful in assessing histopathological prognostic factors in patients with LHSCC.

2.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851221097463, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerosis-related large vessel occlusion (ICAS+LVO) poses an important technical challenge for endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of D-dimer in predicting ICAS+LVO alone and in combination with other clinical and imaging predictors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent EVT at our center between January 2018 and June 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified to the ICAS+LVO or ICAS-LVO group according to angiographic findings. Collateral gradings were evaluated based on computed tomography angiography and categorized as follows: score 0-1 unfavorable collaterals and score 2-3 favorable collaterals. Receiver operating characteristic curve was analyzed to evaluate the predictive value of D-dimer and the combination of other predictors for ICAS+LVO. RESULTS: A total of 374 patients were enrolled, among them, 107 (28.6%) had an ICAS+LVO, while ICAS-LVO was determined in 267 (71.4%) patients. Median D-dimer levels were lower (0.36 vs. 1.18 mg/L; P < 0.001) while the proportion of favorable collaterals was higher (85.0% vs. 22.5%; P < 0.001) in the ICAS+LVO group than the ICAS-LVO group. After multivariable analysis, D-dimer (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.21-0.50; P < 0.001) and collaterals (adjusted OR=16.25, 95% CI=7.58-34.84; P < 0.001) remained independent predictors of ICAS+LVO. The area under the curve of D-dimer, collaterals, and combination for identification of ICAS+LVO was 0.82, 0.85, and 0.92, respectively. CONCLUSION: Low early plasma D-dimer levels are a significant and independent predictor of ICAS+LVO, and predictive value strengthens when in a combined model using D-dimer and collateral grading.

3.
Eur J Radiol ; 151: 110295, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405579

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of using magnetization transfer (MT) magnetic resonance imaging for evaluating patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), and determine its added value for differentiating active from inactive TAO and predicting clinical activity score (CAS), compared with conventional fat-saturated T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted imaging. METHODS: Orbital MT, fat-saturated T2-weighted, and diffusion-weighted imaging of 60 prospectively enrolled consecutive patients with TAO was analyzed. Simplified histogram parameters (mean, max, min) of magnetization transfer ratio (MTR), signal intensity ratio (SIR), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) at extraocular muscles were calculated for each orbit and compared between the active and inactive groups. RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficients of MTRs and SIRs were similar (0.802-0.963 vs 0.812-0.974, respectively), followed by those of ADCs (0.714-0.855). Patients with active TAO showed significantly lower MTRs and higher SIRs and ADCs than those with inactive TAO (P < 0.05). MTRmean achieved the highest area under the curve (AUC) of 0.868 for differentiating active from inactive group, followed by SIRmax (AUC, 0.836). MTRmean also demonstrated a higher and negative correlation with CAS (r = -0.614, P < 0.001) than MTRmax and MTRmin (r = -0.495, P < 0.001; r = -0.243, P = 0.007; respectively). Support vector machine-based analysis revealed that uniting MTRs could prosper concurrently added performance for disease activity differentiation and CAS prediction, compared with merely combining SIRs and ADCs (AUC, 0.933 vs 0.901; r = 0.703 vs. 0.673). CONCLUSIONS: MT imaging could potentially be used as a noninvasive method for differentiating the activity of TAO and predicting CAS, thereby offering added value to conventional SIR and ADC.

4.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: World Health Organization classification and Masaoka-Koga stage are widely used for thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). Reduced field-of-view (rFOV) diffusion-weighed imaging (DWI) proved to improve the image quality. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI was commonly used in evaluating tumors. PURPOSE: To investigate the value of multiparametric MRI in evaluating TETs. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. SUBJECTS: Eighty-seven participants including 38 low risk (52.08 ± 14.19 years), 30 high risk (52.40 ± 11.35 years), and 19 thymic carcinoma patients (59.76 ± 10.78 years). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3 T, turbo spin echo imaging, echo planar imaging, volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination with radial acquisition trajectory. ASSESSMENT: DCE-MRI and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) variables were compared. Diagnostic performances of single significant factor and combined model were compared. STATISTICAL TESTS: Parameters were compared using one-way ANOVA or independent-samples t test. Logistic regression was employed to investigate the combined model. Receiver operating curves (ROC) and DeLong's test were used to compare the diagnostic efficiency. RESULTS: ADC, Ktrans , and kep values were significantly different among low-risk, high-risk and carcinoma group (ADC, 1.279 ± 0.345 × 10-3  mm2 /sec, 0.978 ± 0.260 × 10-3  mm2 /sec, 0.661 ± 0.134 × 10-3  mm2 /sec; Ktrans 0.167 ± 0.071 min-1 , 0.254 ± 0.136 min-1 , 0.393 ± 0.110 min-1 ; kep 0.345 ± 0.113 min-1 , 0.560 ± 0.269 min-1 , 0.872 ± 0.149 min-1 ). They were significantly different for early stage and advanced stage (ADC, 1.270 ± 0.356 × 10-3  mm2 /sec vs. 0.845 ± 0.251 × 10-3  mm2 /sec; Ktrans 0.179 ± 0.092 min-1 vs. 0.304 ± 0.142 min-1 ; kep 0.370 ± 0.181 min-1 vs. 0.674 ± 0.362 min-1 ). The combination of them had highest diagnostic efficiency for WHO classification (AUC, 0.925; sensitivity, 83.7%; specificity, 89.5%), clinical stage (AUC, 0.879; sensitivity, 80.9%; specificity, 82.5%). DATA CONCLUSION: Multiparametric MRI model may be useful for discriminating WHO classification and clinical stage of TETs. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY: Stage 2.

5.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35092642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MR imaging has been applied to determine therapeutic response to glucocorticoid (GC) before treatment in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), while the performance was still poor. PURPOSE: To investigate the value of T2 -weighted imaging (T2 WI)-derived radiomics for pretreatment determination of therapeutic response to GC in TAO patients, and compare its diagnostic performance with that of semiquantitative parameters. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 110 patients (49 ± 12 years; male/female, n = 48/62; responsive/unresponsive, n = 62/48), divided into training (n = 78) and validation (n = 32) cohorts. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T, T2 -weighted fast spin echo. ASSESSMENT: W.C. and H.H. (6 and 10 years of experience, respectively) performed the measurements. Maximum, mean, and minimum signal intensity ratios (SIRs) of extraocular muscle (EOM) bellies were collected to construct a semiquantitative imaging model. Radiomics features from volumes of interest covering EOM bellies were extracted and three machine learning-based (logistic regression [LR]; decision tree [DT]; support vector machine [SVM]) models were built. STATISTICAL TESTS: The diagnostic performances of models were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, and compared using DeLong test. Two-sided P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The responsive group showed higher minimum signal intensity ratio (SIRmin ) of EOMs than the unresponsive group (training: 1.46 ± 0.34 vs. 1.18 ± 0.39; validation: 1.44 ± 0.33 vs. 1.19 ± 0.20). In both cohorts, LR-based radiomics model demonstrated good diagnostic performance (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.968, 0.916), followed by DT-based (AUC = 0.933, 0.857) and SVM-based models (AUC = 0.919, 0.855). All three radiomics models outperformed semiquantitative imaging model (SIRmin : AUC = 0.805) in training cohort. In validation cohort, only LR-based radiomics model outperformed that of SIRmin (AUC = 0.745). The nomogram integrating LR-based radiomics signature and disease duration further elevated the diagnostic performance in validation cohort (AUC: 0.952 vs. 0.916, P = 0.063). DATA CONCLUSION: T2 WI-derived radiomics of EOMs, together with disease duration, provides a promising noninvasive approach for determining therapeutic response before GC administration in TAO patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 4.

6.
Neuroradiology ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981174

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of using Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) on CT perfusion (CTP) map to predict a volumetric target mismatch in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: Three-hundred and seven AIS patients with an onset time within 24h or unclear onset time who underwent CTP evaluation for large vessel occlusion of anterior circulation were enrolled. CTP ASPECTS was evaluated on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and time-to-maximum (Tmax) colored maps, respectively. Automated perfusion analysis software was used to calculate the volumes of ischemic core (volumeCBF<30%) and tissue at risk (volumeTmax>6s). Target mismatch was defined as volumeCBF< 30%<70ml, volumemismatch≥15ml, and volumeTmax >6s/volume CBF< 30%≥1.8. Spearman correlation and receiver operating characteristic curves were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Strong correlations were found between CBF ASPECTS and volumeCBF<30%, and between Tmax ASPECTS and volumeTmax>6s for overall population (ρ=-0.872, -0.757) and late-arriving patients (ρ=-0.900, -0.789). Mismatch ASPECTS moderately correlated with mismatch volume for overall population (ρ=0.498) and late-arriving patients (ρ=0.407). A CBF ASPECTS≥5 optimally predicted an ischemic core volume<70ml in overall population (sensitivity, 94.4%; specificity, 80.4%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 89.5%; specificity, 90.5%). A CBF ASPECTS≥6 combined with a Mismatch ASPECTS≥1 optimally identified a target mismatch in overall population (sensitivity, 84.5%; specificity, 77.0%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 83.7%; specificity, 90.0%). CONCLUSION: CTP ASPECTS might be useful in predicting target mismatch derived from automated perfusion analysis software, and assisting in patient selection for endovascular therapy.

7.
Eur Radiol ; 32(4): 2540-2551, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived radiomics based on multi-scale tumor region for predicting disease-free survival (DFS) in early-stage squamous cervical cancer (ESSCC). METHODS: A total of 191 ESSCC patients (training cohort, n = 135; validation cohort, n = 56) from March 2016 to September 2019 were retrospectively recruited. Radiomics features were derived from the T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging (CET1WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map for each patient. DFS-related radiomics features were selected in 3 target tumor volumes (VOIentire, VOI+5 mm, and VOI-5 mm) to build 3 rad-scores using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis. Logistic regression was applied to build combined model incorporating rad-scores with clinical risk factors and compared with clinical model alone. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to further validate prognostic value of selected clinical and radiomics characteristics. RESULTS: Three radiomics scores all showed favorable performances in DFS prediction. Rad-score (VOI+5 mm) performed best with a C-index of 0.750 in the training set and 0.839 in the validation set. Combined model was constructed by incorporating age categorized by 55, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Figo) stage, and lymphovascular space invasion with rad-score (VOI+5 mm). Combined model performed better than clinical model in DFS prediction in both the training set (C-index 0.815 vs 0.709; p = 0.024) and the validation set (C-index 0.866 vs 0.719; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Multiparametric MRI-derived radiomics based on multi-scale tumor region can aid in the prediction of DFS for ESSCC patients, thereby facilitating clinical decision-making. KEY POINTS: • Three radiomics scores based on multi-scale tumor region all showed favorable performances in DFS prediction. Rad-score (VOI+5 mm) performed best with favorable C-index values. • Combined model incorporating multiparametric MRI-based radiomics with clinical risk factors performed significantly better in DFS prediction than the clinical model. • Combined model presented as a nomogram can be easily used to predict survival, thereby facilitating clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
8.
Acta Radiol ; 63(3): 393-400, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) was associated with a lower probability of hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of cerebral blood volume (CBV)-ASPECTS of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in AIS treated with thrombectomy selected by computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) in an extended time window. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 91 consecutive patients with AIS with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation after thrombectomy in an extended time window were enrolled between January 2018 and September 2019. ICH was diagnosed according to Heidelberg Bleeding Classification. CBV-ASPECTS was assessed by evaluating each ASPECTS region for relatively low CBV value compared with the mirror region in the contralateral hemisphere. Demographic characteristics, clinical data, CBV-ASPECTS, and procedure process and results were compared between patients with ICH and those without. RESULTS: ICH occurred in 31/91 (34.1%) patients with AIS. Symptomatic ICH (sICH) was observed in 4 (4.4%) patients, while asymptomatic ICH (aICH) was seen in 27 (29.7%). In univariate analysis, both ICH and aICH were associated with high admission NIHSS score (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively), more passes of retriever (P = 0.007 and P = 0.019, respectively), low NCCT-ASPECTS (P = 0.013 and P = 0.034, respectively), and low CBV-ASPECTS (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). After multivariable analysis, low CBV-ASPECTS remained an independent predictor of ICH (odds ratio [OR] 0.521, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.371-0.732, P < 0.001) and aICH (OR 0.532, 95% CI 0.376-0.752, P < 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: Low CBV-ASPECTS independently predicts ICH in patients with AIS treated with thrombectomy selected by CTP in an extended time window.


Assuntos
Volume Sanguíneo Cerebral , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/cirurgia , Trombólise Mecânica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos
9.
Acad Radiol ; 29 Suppl 3: S222-S231, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366279

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate 2 iodine maps based radiomics nomograms for preoperatively predicting cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) and central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 346 patients with PTC were enrolled and allocated to training (242) and validation (104) sets. Radiomics features were extracted from arterial and venous phase iodine maps, respectively. Aggregated machine-learning strategy was applied for features selection and construction of 2 radiomics scores (LN rad-score; CLN rad-score). Logistic regression model was employed to establish two radiomics nomograms (nomogram 1: predicting LNM; nomogram 2: predicting CLNM) after incorporating LN or CLN rad-score with clinical predictors. Nomograms performance was determined by discrimination, calibration and clinical usefulness. RESULTS: Nomogram 1 incorporated LN rad-score, age (categorized by 55) and CT reported LN status; Nomogram 2 incorporated CLN rad-score, capsule contact >25% and CT reported CLN status. 2 nomograms both showed good discrimination and calibration in the training (AUC = 0.847; AUC = 0.837) and validation cohorts (AUC = 0.807; AUC = 0.795). Significant improved AUC, net reclassification index (NRI) and integrated discriminatory improvement (IDI) confirmed additional great predictive value of 2 rad-scores, compared with clinical models without radiomics. Decision curve analysis indicated clinical utility of nomograms. 2 nomograms both demonstrated favorable predictive efficacy in CT reported LN or CLN negative subgroup (AUC = 0.766; AUC = 0.744). CONCLUSION: The presented 2 radiomics nomograms are useful tools for preoperative prediction of LNM and CLNM in PTC.


Assuntos
Iodo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Eur Radiol ; 32(2): 1087-1094, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of post-label delay times (PLDs) on the performance of 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) magnetic resonance imaging for characterizing parotid gland tumors and to explore the optimal PLDs for the differential diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with parotid gland tumors were enrolled, including 33 patients with pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), 16 patients with Warthin's tumors (WTs), and 9 patients with malignant tumors (MTs). 3D pCASL was scanned for each patient five times, with PLDs of 1025 ms, 1525 ms, 2025 ms, 2525 ms, and 3025 ms. Tumor blood flow (TBF) was calculated, and compared among different PLDs and tumor groups. Performance of TBF at different PLDs was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: With an increasing PLD, TBF tended to gradually increase in PAs (p < 0.001), while TBF tended to slightly increase and then gradually decrease in WTs (p = 0.001), and PAs showed significantly lower TBF than WTs at all 5 PLDs (p < 0.05). PAs showed significantly lower TBF than MTs at 4 PLDs (p < 0.05), except at 3025 ms (p = 0.062). WTs showed higher TBF than MTs at all 5 PLDs; however, differences did not reach significance (p > 0.05). Setting a TBF of 64.350 mL/100g/min at a PLD of 1525 ms, or a TBF of 23.700 mL/100g/min at a PLD of 1025 ms as the cutoff values, optimal performance could be obtained for differentiating PAs from WTs (AUC = 0.905) or from MTs (AUC = 0.872). CONCLUSIONS: Short PLDs (1025 ms or 1525 ms) are suggested to be used in 3D pCASL for characterizing parotid gland tumors in clinical practice. KEY POINTS: • With 5 different PLDs, 3D pCASL can reflect the variation of blood flow in parotid gland tumors. • 3D pCASL is useful for characterizing PAs from WTs or MTs. • Short PLDs (1025 ms or 1525 ms) are suggested to be used in 3D pCASL for characterizing parotid gland tumors in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Adenolinfoma , Adenoma Pleomorfo , Neoplasias Parotídeas , Adenolinfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Glândula Parótida , Neoplasias Parotídeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Marcadores de Spin
11.
Neurol Sci ; 43(2): 1097-1104, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128149

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) could provide incremental value to collateral score, and their integration could be an effective surrogate of CTP in predicting target mismatch. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-nine stroke patients (onset time 6-16 h or with unknown onset time) with MCA and/or ICA occlusion underwent non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) and CT perfusion (CTP) scan for initial assessment. Simulated single-phase CT angiography (sCTA, peak arterial phase) and multiphase CTA (mCTA) were reconstructed from CTP. ASPECTS was assessed on NCCT and sCTA. Collateral score was evaluated on mCTA. Target mismatch was defined as infarct core volume < 70 mL, the mismatch ratio ≥ 1.8, and the absolute mismatch volume ≥ 15 mL. Pearson correlation analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were performed. RESULTS: Median CTA source image (CTA-SI) ASPECTS was significantly lower than NCCT ASPECTS (p = 0.001). NCCT ASPECTS, CTA-SI ASPECTS, and mCTA collateral score correlated significantly with infarct core volume and mismatch ratio (all p < 0.05). Mismatch group showed significantly higher NCCT ASPECTS, CTA-SI ASPECTS, and mCTA collateral score than non-mismatch group (all p < 0.001). NCCT ASPECTS and CTA-SI ASPECTS showed comparable predicting performance with mCTA collateral score (p > 0.05). Adding CTA-SI ASPECTS to mCTA collateral score improved the performance of mCTA in predicting target mismatch (area under curve, 0.905 vs. 0.804, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: ASPECTS can provide incremental information to collateral score in predicting target mismatch. If CTP scan fails, clinical decision based on ASPECTS and collateral score might be reasonable.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Alberta , Angiografia Cerebral , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211069778, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Target mismatch (ischemic core, mismatch volume and mismatch ratio) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) highly relies on the automated perfusion analysis software. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of using the ABC/2 method to rapidly estimate the target mismatch on computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging in patients with AIS, using RAPID results as a reference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 243 patients with anterior circulation AIS who underwent CTP imaging were retrospectively reviewed. Target mismatch associated perfusion parameters were derived from RAPID results and calculated using the ABC/2 method. Paired t-test was used to assess the difference of volumetric parameters between the two methods. The ability of using the ABC/2 method to predict the important cutoff volumetric metrics was also evaluated. RESULT: There was no significant difference in the volumes of ischemic core (P = 0.068), ischemic area (P = 0.209), and mismatch volume (P = 0.518) between ABC/2 and RAPID. Using RAPID results as reference, the ABC/2 method showed high accuracy for predicting perfusion parameters (70 mL and 90 mL: sensitivity=98.5% and 98.5%, specificity=100% and 100%, positive predictive value [PPV]=100% and 100%, negative predictive value [NPV]=93.8% and 92.9%; 10 mL and 15mL: sensitivity=99.6% and 99.5%, specificity=55.6% and 50.0%, PPV=96.6% and 94.8%, NPV=90.9% and 92.3%; 1.2 and 1.8: sensitivity=99.6% and 94.8%, specificity=75.0% and 96.9%, PPV=98.7% and 99.5%, NPV=90.0% and 73.8%). CONCLUSION: The ABC/2 method may be a feasible alternative to RAPID for estimation of target mismatch parameters on CTP in patients with AIS.

13.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 799916, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938158

RESUMO

Purpose: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is a debilitating and sight-threatening autoimmune disease that severely impairs patients' quality of life. Besides the most common ophthalmic manifestations, the emotional and psychiatric disturbances are also usually observed in clinical settings. This study was to investigate the interhemispheric functional connectivity alterations in TAO patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Methods: Twenty-eight TAO patients and 22 healthy controls (HCs) underwent rs-fMRI scans. Static and dynamic voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) values were calculated and compared between the two groups. A linear support vector machine (SVM) classifier was used to examine the performance of static and dynamic VMHC differences in distinguishing TAOs from HCs. Results: Compared with HCs, TAOs showed decreased static VMHC in lingual gyrus (LG)/calcarine (CAL), middle occipital gyrus, postcentral gyrus, superior parietal lobule, inferior parietal lobule, and precuneus. Meanwhile, TAOs demonstrated increased dynamic VMHC in orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). In TAOs, static VMHC in LG/CAL was positively correlated with visual acuity (r = 0.412, P = 0.036), whilst dynamic VMHC in OFC was positively correlated with Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) score (r = 0.397, P = 0.044) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) score (r = 0.401, P = 0.042). The SVM model showed good performance in distinguishing TAOs from HCs (area under the curve, 0.971; average accuracy, 94%). Conclusion: TAO patients had altered static and dynamic VMHC in the occipital, parietal, and orbitofrontal areas, which could serve as neuroimaging prediction markers of TAO.

14.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 54(6): 1730-1741, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences have been applied to assess injured glands but without histological validation. PURPOSE: To evaluate longitudinal changes in multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) of irradiated salivary glands in a rat model and investigate correlations between mp-MRI and histological findings. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. ANIMAL MODEL: Submandibular glands of 36 rats were radiated using a single dose of 15 Gy X-ray (irradiation [IR] group), and 6 other rats were enrolled into sham-IR group. mp-MRI were scanned 1 day after sham-IR (n = 6), or 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 weeks after IR (n = 36, 6 per subgroup). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0-T/Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence; intravoxel incoherent motion DWI, single-shot EPI sequence; T1 mapping, dual-flip-angle gradient-echo sequence with volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination; T2 mapping, turbo spin-echo sequence. ASSESSMENT: Parameters including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D* ), perfusion fraction (f), T1 and T2 value were obtained. Histological examinations, including hematoxylin and eosin staining (for acinar cell fraction [AC%] detection), Masson's trichrome staining (for degree of fibrosis [F%] determination) and CD34-immunohistochemical staining (for microvessel density [MVD] calculation), were performed at corresponding time points. STATISTICAL TESTS: One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the mp-MRI and histological parameters among different groups. Spearman correlation analysis was applied to determine the correlation between mp-MRI and histological parameters. Two-sided P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Changes of mp-MRI parameters (ADC, D, D* , f, T1, T2) and histological results (AC%, F%, MVD) among the seven groups were all significant. ADC, D, and T2 values negatively correlated with AC% (ADC, r = -0.728; D, r = -0.773; T2, r = -0.600), f positively correlated with MVD (r = 0.496), and T1 values positively correlated with F% (r = 0.714). DATA CONCLUSION: mp-MRI might be able to noninvasively and quantitatively evaluate the dynamic pathological changes within the irradiated salivary glands. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Animais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Movimento (Física) , Estudos Prospectivos , Ratos , Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 281, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of lacrimal gland (LG) gains increasing attention in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), while the underlying pathological change is still not fully established. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI)-based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in non-invasively detecting microstructural alterations of LG in patients with TAO, as well as in discriminating disease activity. METHODS: Thirty TAO patients and 15 age- and sex- matched healthy controls, who underwent rs-EPI-based DTI, were retrospectively enrolled. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of LG, and clinical-endocrinological variables were collected and compared. The correlations between FA and ADC values of LG and serum thyroid biochemical markers were also assessed. RESULTS: TAO group showed significantly lower FA (P < 0.001) and higher ADC (P = 0.014) of LG than healthy group. Active subgroup had significantly lower FA (P < 0.001) and higher ADC (P < 0.001) than inactive subgroup. In TAO group, FA of LG was significantly and negatively correlated with TRAb (r=-0.475, P = 0.008), while ADC of LG showed no significant correlation (P > 0.05). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of FA was significantly greater than that under curve of ADC for discriminating disease activity (0.832 vs. 0.570, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: rs-EPI-based DTI is a useful tool to characterize the microstructural change of LG in patients with TAO. The derived metrics, particularly FA, can help to reveal disease activity.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Aparelho Lacrimal , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Imagem Ecoplanar , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211029080, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) is a grading system to assess the extent and distribution of early ischemic changes. PURPOSE: To assess inter-rater agreement for total and regional ASPECTS on non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) images, CT angiography source images (CTA-SI), and CT-perfusion cerebral blood volume (CTP-CBV) maps, and their association with final infarction in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 96 consecutive patients with AIS who underwent pre-treatment NCCT and CTP were retrospectively enrolled. CTA-SI was reconstructed using the raw data of CTP. Total and regional ASPECTS were assessed on baseline NCCT, CTA-SI, and CTP-CBV, and on follow-up NCCT or diffusion-weighted imaging. Follow-up ASPECTS served as the reference standard for final infarction. RESULTS: CTP-CBV demonstrated higher concordance for total ASPECTS (interclass correlation coefficient, 0.895 vs. 0.771 vs. 0.777) and regional ASPECTS in internal capsule, lentiform, caudate nuclei, M5 and M6, compared with NCCT and CTA-SI. CTP-CBV showed a trend of stronger correlation with final ASPECTS than NCCT and CTA-SI (0.717 vs. 0.711 vs. 0.565; P > 0.05). ASPECTS in the internal capsule (ρ, 0.756 vs. 0.556; P = 0.016) and caudate nucleus (ρ, 0.717 vs. 0.476; P = 0.010) on CTP-CBV were more strongly correlated with follow-up ASPECTS than NCCT. CTP-CBV showed higher accuracy for predicting final infarction in the internal capsule (92.5% vs. 90.3% and 87.1%; P > 1.000, P = 0.125, respectively) and caudate nucleus (87.1% vs. 79.6% and 77.4%; P = 0.453, P = 0.039, respectively) than CTA-SI and NCCT. CONCLUSION: CTP-CBV ASPECTS might be more reliable for delineating early ischemic changes and predicting final infarction.

17.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 29(4): 711-720, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of using virtual non-contrast (VNC) images derived from dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) to replace true non-contrast (TNC) images of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. METHODS: Images of 96 PTC patients were retrospectively analyzed. TNC images were acquired under the single-energy mode of DECT after the plain scanning. The arterial and venous phase VNC (VNC-a and VNC-v) images were generated by the post-processing algorithm from the arterial phase and venous phase of contrast-enhanced CT images, respectively. Mean attenuation values, image noise, number and length of calcification were measured. Radiation dose was also calculated. Last, subjective score of image quality was evaluated by a 5-point scale. RESULTS: Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each tissue in TNC images is significantly higher than that of VNC images (p<0.050). Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of fat, muscle, thyroid nodules and internal carotid artery in TNC images is significantly higher than that of VNC images, while CNR in TNC images is lower for cervical vertebra (p<0.001). Calcification is detected on TNC images of 44 patients, while it is omitted on VNC images of 14 patients (31.8%). The subjective score of TNC images is higher than VNC images (p<0.001). The effective dose reduction is 47.6% by avoiding plain scanning. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the different attenuation value, SNR, CNR and especially reduced detection rate of calcification, we deem that VNC images cannot be directly used to replace TNC images in PTC patients, despite the reduced radiation dose.


Assuntos
Imagem Radiográfica a Partir de Emissão de Duplo Fóton , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Meios de Contraste , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Imagem Radiográfica a Partir de Emissão de Duplo Fóton/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
Endocr Connect ; 10(7): 676-684, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077388

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of MRI-based texture analysis of extraocular muscle (EOM) and orbital fat (OF) in monitoring and predicting the response to glucocorticoid (GC) therapy in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). METHODS: Thirty-seven active and moderate-to-severe TAO patients (responders, n = 23; unresponders, n = 14) were retrospectively enrolled. MRI-based texture parameters (entropy, uniformity, skewness and kurtosis) of EOM and OF were measured before and after GC therapy, and compared between groups. Correlations between the changes of clinical activity score (CAS) and imaging parameters before and after treatment were assessed. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the predictive value of identified variables. RESULTS: Responsive TAOs showed significantly decreased entropy and increased uniformity at EOM and OF after GC therapy (P < 0.01), while unresponders showed no significance. Changes of entropy and uniformity at EOM and OF were significantly correlated with changes of CAS before and after treatment (P < 0.05). Responders showed significantly lower entropy and higher uniformity at EOM than unresponders before treatment (P < 0.01). Entropy and uniformity of EOM and disease duration were identified as independent predictors for responsive TAOs. Combination of all three variables demonstrated optimal efficiency (area under curve, 0.802) and sensitivity (82.6%), and disease duration alone demonstrated optimal specificity (100%) for predicting responsive TAOs. CONCLUSION: MRI-based texture analysis can reflect histopathological heterogeneity of orbital tissues. It could be useful for monitoring and predicting the response to GC in TAO patients.

19.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 676967, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34177495

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the brain functional alteration in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) by evaluating the spontaneous neural activity changes using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) with the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rs-fMRI data of 30 TAO patients (15 active and 15 inactive) and 15 healthy controls (HCs) were included for analyses. The ALFF values were calculated and compared among groups. Correlations between ALFF values and clinical metrics were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, active TAOs showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the left middle occipital gyrus, superior occipital gyrus, and cuneus. Compared with inactive TAOs, active TAOs showed significantly increased ALFF values in the bilateral precuneus. Additionally, inactive TAOs showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the left middle occipital gyrus, superior occipital gyrus, cuneus, and bilateral precuneus than HCs. The ALFF value in the right precuneus of TAOs was positively correlated with clinical activity score (r = 0.583, P < 0.001) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score (r = 0.377, P = 0.040), and negatively correlated with disease duration (r = -0.382, P = 0.037). Moreover, the ALFF value in the left middle occipital gyrus of TAOs was positively correlated with visual acuity (r = 0.441, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: TAO patients had altered spontaneous brain activities in the left occipital lobe and bilateral precuneus. The neuropsychological aspect of the disease should be noticed during clinical diagnosis and treatment.

20.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(4): 5, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821882

RESUMO

Purpose: Increasing evidence indicated that thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) might be a neural related disease more than an ocular disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the alterations of structural brain connectome in patients with TAO. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with TAO and 27 well-matched healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor imaging. Graph theoretical analyses, including global (shortest path length, clustering coefficient, small-worldness, global efficiency, and local efficiency) and nodal (nodal betweenness, nodal degree, and nodal efficiency) topological properties and network-based statistics were performed to evaluate TAO-related changes in brain network pattern. Correlations were assessed between the network properties and clinical variables, including disease duration, visual acuity, neuropsychiatric measurements, and serum thyroid function indexes. Results: Compared with healthy controls, patients with TAO exhibited preserved global network parameters but altered nodal properties. We found decreased nodal betweenness and nodal degree in right anterior cingulate and paracingulate gyri, decreased nodal degree and nodal efficiency in the right orbital part of middle frontal gyrus (ORBmid), whereas increased nodal degree and nodal efficiency in the left cuneus. Decrease of structural connectivity strength was found involving the right ORBmid, right putamen, left caudate nucleus, and left medial superior frontal gyrus. Significant correlations were also found between nodal properties and neuropsychological performances as well as visual acuity. Conclusions: Patients with TAO developed disruption of structural brain network connectome. Disrupted topological organization of the brain structural network may be associated with the clinical-psychiatric dysfunction of patients with TAO.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Substância Branca/patologia
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