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1.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-17, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462901

RESUMO

In recent years, obesity has become a global public health issue. It is closely associated with the occurrence of several chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Some edible and medicinal plants show anti-obesity activity, such as fruits, vegetables, spices, legumes, edible flowers, mushrooms, and medicinal plants. Numerous studies have indicated that these plants are potential candidates for the prevention and management of obesity. The major anti-obesity mechanisms of plants include suppressing appetite, reducing the absorption of lipids and carbohydrates, inhibiting adipogenesis and lipogenesis, regulating lipid metabolism, increasing energy expenditure, regulating gut microbiota, and improving obesity-related inflammation. In this review, the anti-obesity activity of edible and medicinal plants was summarized based on epidemiological, experimental, and clinical studies, with related mechanisms discussed, which provided the basis for the research and development of slimming products. Further studies should focus on the exploration of safer plants with anti-obesity activity and the identification of specific anti-obesity mechanisms.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963129

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the fifth most common cancer, and the third most prevalent cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. Voluminous evidence has demonstrated that phytochemicals play a critical role in the prevention and management of gastric cancer. Most epidemiological investigations indicate that the increased intake of phytochemicals could reduce the risk of gastric cancer. Experimental studies have elucidated the mechanisms of action, including inhibiting cancer cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis and autophagy, and suppressing angiogenesis as well as cancer cell metastasis. These mechanisms have also been related to the inhibition of Helicobacter pylori and the modulation of gut microbiota. In addition, the intake of phytochemicals could enhance the efficacy of anticancer chemotherapeutics. Moreover, clinical studies have illustrated that phytochemicals have the potential for the prevention and the management of gastric cancer in humans. To provide an updated understanding of relationships between phytochemicals and gastric cancer, this review summarizes the effects of phytochemicals on gastric cancer, highlighting the underlying mechanisms. This review could be helpful for guiding the public in preventing gastric cancer through phytochemicals, as well as in developing functional food and drugs for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.

3.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 60(10): 1693-1705, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869995

RESUMO

Tea is a traditional and popular beverage worldwide, and the consumption of tea has been demonstrated to possess many health benefits, such as cardiovascular protection, anti-obesity, anti-diabetes, and anticancer. Epidemiological studies have shown that the consumption of tea is inversely associated with the risk of several cancers. In addition, experimental studies have revealed that the anticancer actions of tea are mainly attributed to tea polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate and theaflavins. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that the possible anticancer mechanisms are the inhibition on proliferation, anti-angiogenesis, induction of apoptosis, suppression on metastasis, inhibition on cancer stem cells, and modulation on gut microbiota. Its synergetic anticancer effects with drugs or other compounds could promote anticancer therapies. Furthermore, clinical trials have elucidated that intervention of tea phytochemicals is effective in the prevention of several cancers. This paper is an updated review for the prevention and management of cancers by tea based on the findings from epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies, and special attention is paid on the mechanisms of action.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112240, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526861

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: You-Gui-Yin (YGY) is a famous Chinese traditional medicine compound that has been used to treat renal function diseases for more than 300 years. It is recorded in Jing Yue Quanshu, which was written by a famous medical scientist named Jiebing Zhang in the Ming Dynasty. AIM OF THE STUDY: Reproductive dysfunction is one of the most serious complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to observe the effect of You-Gui-Yin (YGY) on reproductive dysfunction of male rats with adenine-induced CKD and to determine if any effects occurred via regulation of the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to detect the main medicinal components and conduct quality control of YGY. A total of 60 rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: the NC group (10 rats) and the CKD model group (50 rats). The CKD model rats was established by administration of adenine 150 mg kg-1 orally for 14 days. After that, the CKD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the CKD group, YGY (10 g kg-1 group, 20 g kg-1 group, 40 g kg-1 group) and the GUI-LU-ER-XIAN-JIAO (GL) 10 g kg-1 group with 10 rats in each group. From the 15th day to the 45th day rats were given 150 mg kg-1 adenine orally every other day to maintain the model (except in the NC group). The YGY groups and the GL group were orally administered the relevant drug once per day for 30 days. The NC group and the CKD group were orally administered an equal volume of normal saline for 30 days. On the 45th day, the rats' sexual behavior index was tested. On the 46th day, the rats were sacrificed. Biochemical indexes, histopathological changes of the kidneys and testes, sperm morphology, sperm abnormality rate, and key proteins in the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway in the kidney and testis were detected. RESULTS: Thirteen components in the YGY extract were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS for quality control of the YGY extract. The results of the biochemical and physiological tests validated the success of inducing CKD accompanied by reproductive dysfunction in rats. YGY significantly retarded the CKD progression and improved the hormone levels of male CKD rats. Sexual behavior tests showed YGY can significantly improve CKD rats' sexual function. In addition, the pathological changes of the kidney and testis, sperm abnormality rate and sperm morphological abnormalities of the CKD rats were reduced by YGY. Furthermore, decreased expression of HIF1α and EPO, and increased expression of p-EPOR (Tyr368), p-JAK2 (Tyr570) and p-STAT5 (Ser725) were observed in the kidney and the testis of the CKD rats. The YGY extract dramatically increased the expression of HIF1α and EPO, and decreased the expression of p-EPOR (Tyr368), p-JAK2 (Tyr570) and p-STAT5 (Ser725) to regulate key proteins in the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway of the kidney and testis. CONCLUSIONS: YGY has obvious reversal effects on the abnormal symptoms of adenine-induced CKD and the abnormal symptoms of rats with hypothyroidism and male reproductive hypotension. Its mechanism is related to its ability to regulate the HIF1α-STAT5 pathway.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Comportamento Sexual Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/genética , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(12)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766414

RESUMO

Food processing can affect the nutrition and safety of foods. A previous study showed that tannase and ultrasound treatment could significantly increase the antioxidant activities of green tea extracts according to in vitro evaluation methods. Since the results from in vitro and in vivo experiments may be inconsistent, the in vivo antioxidant activities of the extracts were studied using a mouse model of alcohol-induced acute liver injury in this study. Results showed that all the extracts decreased the levels of aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase in serum, reduced the levels of malondialdehyde and triacylglycerol in the liver, and increased the levels of catalase and glutathione in the liver, which can alleviate hepatic oxidative injury. In addition, the differences between treated and original extracts were not significant in vivo. In some cases, the food processing can have a negative effect on in vivo antioxidant activities. That is, although tannase and ultrasound treatment can significantly increase the antioxidant activities of green tea extracts in vitro, it cannot improve the in vivo antioxidant activities, which indicates that some food processing might not always have positive effects on products for human benefits.

6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565966

RESUMO

Two new steroidal saponins, ß-sitosterol-3-O-α-l-glucopyranoside (3) and ß-sitosterol-3-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-ß-d-glucopyranoside (4), were isolated and identified from the bark of Neolamarckia cadamba, along with 13 known compounds. Their structures were established on the basis of spectral data.

7.
Foods ; 8(10)2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557941

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is one of the biggest public health concerns worldwide, which includes type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, and other rare forms of diabetes mellitus. Accumulating evidence has revealed that intestinal microbiota is closely associated with the initiation and progression of diabetes mellitus. In addition, various dietary natural products and their bioactive components have exhibited anti-diabetic activity by modulating intestinal microbiota. This review addresses the relationship between gut microbiota and diabetes mellitus, and discusses the effects of natural products on diabetes mellitus and its complications by modulating gut microbiota, with special attention paid to the mechanisms of action. It is hoped that this review paper can be helpful for better understanding of the relationships among natural products, gut microbiota, and diabetes mellitus.

8.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(9)2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480629

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effects of tannase and ultrasound treatment on the bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of green tea extract. The single-factor experiments and the response surface methodology were conducted to study the effects of parameters on antioxidant activity of green tea extract. The highest antioxidant activity was found under the optimal condition with the buffer solution pH value of 4.62, ultrasonic temperature of 44.12 °C, ultrasonic time of 12.17 min, tannase concentration of 1 mg/mL, and ultrasonic power of 360 W. Furthermore, phenolic profiles of the extracts were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Overall, it was found that tannase led to an increase in gallic acid and a decrease in epigallocatechin gallate, and ultrasounds could also enhance the efficiency of enzymatic reaction.

9.
Heliyon ; 5(8): e02164, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414068

RESUMO

Plasmid DNA of Lactobacillus plantarum PC518 was isolated by an improved method which contained a washing step for removing lysozyme. Three plasmid DNA libraries were constructed. A pair of outward primers was designed at both ends of the novel plasmid fragment obtained from plasmid DNA libraries, and the remainder of the circle plasmid was amplified by inverse PCR (iPCR). The whole sequence of plasmid was analyzed by the basic local alignment search tool, Tandem Repeats Finder, DNAMAN V6.0, DNASTAR and MEGA X software. The copy number was measured using quantitative real-time PCR. Plasmid extract showed 7 bands on agarose gel, indicating that L. plantarum PC518 contains multiple plasmids. The complete sequence of plasmid pLP60 was obtained by plasmid DNA libraries and iPCR. pLP60 is 6006 bp in length with a G + C content of 41.19 %, which encodes 8 open reading frames (ORFs). The ori site like theta-type could be located upstream of repB, which contains a short tandem repeats (sTR) and a long tandem repeats (lTR). RepB of pLP60 only had low similarity with Rep protein of known theta-type plasmids, but phylogenetic tree analysis showed that plasmids whose Rep proteins are similar to pLP60 have lTR at ori, and the conservativeness of lTR is consistent with similarity of Rep proteins, suggesting that RepB of pLP60 is a theta-replicating protein. So pLP60 was classified as class A of theta replication. The copy number of pLP60 was measured as 5 copies per cell by qPCR.

10.
J Cancer Educ ; 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338812

RESUMO

This study aimed to research the understanding and knowledge of cervical cancer, human papilloma virus (HPV), and HPV vaccination, and the acceptance of HPV vaccination, among a population of women in northeastern China. A cross-sectional survey was carried out by questionnaire to investigate knowledge of cervical cancer, HPV, and HPV vaccination. The 230 female participants were native residents of northeastern China, and their ages ranged between 18 and 65 years. Questionnaires were randomly acquired by the respondents from online and paper questionnaire distribution. The questionnaire included questions on three major aspects to record people's perceptions of cervical cancer, HPV, and vaccines. Of the sample of 230 women surveyed, 80.9% had heard of cervical cancer, but understanding was only 15.7%; 38.3% knew about HPV; 20% knew about HPV vaccine; 39.6% agreed to receive HPV vaccination, and the remainder were mainly concerned about its safety and effectiveness. Data analysis showed that age, family income, and whether there was experience of screening all influenced knowledge of cervical cancer, but this was not statistically significant. The level of education had no obvious effect on the degree of knowledge about cervical cancer; however, with an improvement in education, women's awareness of HPV vaccine improved significantly (p < 0.05). Women who have received cervical cancer screening had significantly greater knowledge about cervical cancer and HPV than those with no screening (p < 0.05). Women in northeastern China have little knowledge of cervical cancer, HPV, and HPV vaccine, lack disease knowledge, and hold a skeptical attitude about HPV vaccination. Medical institutions are the main channel providing information to these women.

11.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(7)2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295859

RESUMO

Tea is among the most consumed drink worldwide, and its strong antioxidant activity is considered as the main contributor to several health benefits, such as cardiovascular protection and anticancer effect. In this study, the antioxidant activities of 30 tea infusions, which were obtained by the mimic of drinking tea of the public, from green, black, oolong, white, yellow and dark teas, were evaluated using ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) assays, ranging from 504.80 ± 17.44 to 4647.47 ± 57.87 µmol Fe2+/g dry weight (DW) and 166.29 ± 24.48 to 2532.41 ± 50.18 µmol Trolox/g DW, respectively. Moreover, their total phenolic contents (TPC) were detected by Folin-Ciocalteu assay and were in the range of 24.77 ± 2.02 to 252.65 ± 4.74 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g DW. Generally, Dianqing Tea, Lushan Yunwu Tea, and Xihu Longjing Tea showed the strongest antioxidant activities among 30 teas. Furthermore, the phenolic compounds in tea infusions were identified and quantified, with catechins most commonly detected, especially in green tea infusions, which were main contributors to their antioxidant activities. Besides tea polyphenols, considerable content of caffeine also presented in 30 tea infusions.

12.
Foods ; 8(7)2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284512

RESUMO

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a widely consumed spice in the world. Garlic contains diverse bioactive compounds, such as allicin, alliin, diallyl sulfide, diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, ajoene, and S-allyl-cysteine. Substantial studies have shown that garlic and its bioactive constituents exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, immunomodulatory, cardiovascular protective, anticancer, hepatoprotective, digestive system protective, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, neuroprotective, and renal protective properties. In this review, the main bioactive compounds and important biological functions of garlic are summarized, highlighting and discussing the relevant mechanisms of actions. Overall, garlic is an excellent natural source of bioactive sulfur-containing compounds and has promising applications in the development of functional foods or nutraceuticals for the prevention and management of certain diseases.

13.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(7)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261608

RESUMO

The seed coat of red sword bean (Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.) is rich in antioxidant polyphenols. It is often discarded as a byproduct with the consumption of red sword bean, since it is very thick and not consumed by people. The aim of this study was to develop an ultrasound-assisted extraction method to extract natural antioxidants from the seed coats. The extraction process was optimized by using response surface methodology. After the single-factor experiments, three key factors, including ethanol concentration, liquid/solid ratio, and extraction time, were selected and their interactions were studied using a central composite design. The optimal extraction condition was 60.2% hydroethanol, a liquid/solid ratio of 29.3 mL/g, an extraction time of 18.4 min, an extraction temperature of 50 °C, and ultrasound power of 400 W. Under the optimal conditions, antioxidant activity of the extract was 755.98 ± 10.23 µmol Trolox/g dry weight (DW), much higher than that from maceration (558.77 ± 14.42 µmol Trolox/g DW) or Soxhlet extraction (479.81 ± 12.75 µmol Trolox/g DW). In addition, the main antioxidant compounds in the extract were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS/MS). The concentrations of digalloyl hexoside, methyl gallate, gallic acid, trigalloyl hexoside, and digallic acid were 15.30 ± 0.98, 8.85 ± 0.51, 8.76 ± 0.36, 4.27 ± 0.21, and 2.89 ± 0.13 mg/g DW. This study provides an efficient and green extraction method for the extraction of natural antioxidants from the bean coat of red sword bean. The extract of antioxidants might be added into functional foods or nutraceuticals with potential beneficial functions.

14.
Foods ; 8(6)2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151279

RESUMO

Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is a common and widely used spice. It is rich in various chemical constituents, including phenolic compounds, terpenes, polysaccharides, lipids, organic acids, and raw fibers. The health benefits of ginger are mainly attributed to its phenolic compounds, such as gingerols and shogaols. Accumulated investigations have demonstrated that ginger possesses multiple biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer, neuroprotective, cardiovascular protective, respiratory protective, antiobesity, antidiabetic, antinausea, and antiemetic activities. In this review, we summarize current knowledge about the bioactive compounds and bioactivities of ginger, and the mechanisms of action are also discussed. We hope that this updated review paper will attract more attention to ginger and its further applications, including its potential to be developed into functional foods or nutraceuticals for the prevention and management of chronic diseases.

15.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(6)2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216700

RESUMO

Tea has been reported to prevent and manage many chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases, and the antioxidant capacity of tea may be responsible for these health benefits. In this study, the antioxidant capacities of fat-soluble, water-soluble, and bound-insoluble fractions of 30 Chinese teas belonging to six categories, namely green, black, oolong, dark, white, and yellow teas, were systematically evaluated, applying ferric-reducing antioxidant power and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assays. In addition, total phenolic contents of teas were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method, and the contents of 18 main phytochemical compounds in teas were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results found that several teas possessed very strong antioxidant capacity, and caffeine, theaflavine, gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, and kaempferol-3-O-glucoside, as well as eight catechins, were the main antioxidant compounds in them. Thus, these teas could be good natural sources of dietary antioxidants, and their extracts might be developed as food additives, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

16.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(6)2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185622

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus has become a serious and growing public health concern. It has high morbidity and mortality because of its complications, such as diabetic nephropathy, diabetic cardiovascular complication, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic hepatopathy. Epidemiological studies revealed that the consumption of tea was inversely associated with the risk of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Experimental studies demonstrated that tea had protective effects against diabetes mellitus and its complications via several possible mechanisms, including enhancing insulin action, ameliorating insulin resistance, activating insulin signaling pathway, protecting islet ß-cells, scavenging free radicals, and decreasing inflammation. Moreover, clinical trials also confirmed that tea intervention is effective in patients with diabetes mellitus and its complications. Therefore, in order to highlight the importance of tea in the prevention and management of diabetes mellitus and its complications, this article summarizes and discusses the effects of tea against diabetes mellitus and its complications based on the findings from epidemiological, experimental, and clinical studies, with the special attention paid to the mechanisms of action.

17.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(6)2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174371

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are critical global public health issues with high morbidity and mortality. Epidemiological studies have revealed that regular tea drinking is inversely associated with the risk of CVDs. Additionally, substantial in vitro and in vivo experimental studies have shown that tea and its bioactive compounds are effective in protecting against CVDs. The relevant mechanisms include reducing blood lipid, alleviating ischemia/reperfusion injury, inhibiting oxidative stress, enhancing endothelial function, attenuating inflammation, and protecting cardiomyocyte function. Moreover, some clinical trials also proved the protective role of tea against CVDs. In order to provide a better understanding of the relationship between tea and CVDs, this review summarizes the effects of tea and its bioactive compounds against CVDs and discusses potential mechanisms of action based on evidence from epidemiological, experimental, and clinical studies.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(6): 1246-1257, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989991

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the changes of EPO in rats with chronic renal failure and low immunity induced by adenine and to investigate the reversal effect of Yougui Yin(YGY)and exogenous EPO.SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group(n=20)and adenine-model group(n=90).The adenine-model group rats were given with adenine 150 mg·kg~(-1)for 14days by gavage administration,and then randomly divided into 8 groups as follows:model group(n=20),YGY groups(10,20,40 g·kg~(-1),10 in each group),rh EPO group(500,1 000,1 500 IU·kg~(-1),10 in each group),and Guilu Erxian Gao 10 g·kg~(-1)group(positive control group,n=10).From the 15th day,every group except normal control group received 150 mg·kg~(-1)adenine by gavage administration once every two days to maintain the model.Meanwhile,the rats in each YGY group and Guilu Erxian Gao group received corresponding drugs by gavage administration once a day for 30 days.The rats in rh EPO groups were subcutaneously injected with rh E-PO once every 3 days for 30 days.On day 46,rats were anesthetized to take blood and then sacrificed.The serum levels of creatinine,urea,glandular hormone,immunoglobulin,complement and interleukin,the proportion of T cells in the spleen,the killing rate of NKcells and the proliferative capacity of spleen cells were measured.Western blot was used to detect the key proteins in JAK2-STAT5 and NF-κB pathways mediated by EPO in kidney and spleen.As compared with the normal control group,the serum levels of CREA and UREA were increased significantly and the serum levels of ACTH,T and T3 were decreased significantly in the model group rats,indicating that the functions of kidney,adrenal gland,gonad and thyroid in rats were decreased.At the same time,the serum levels of Ig A,Ig G,Ig M,C3,C4,IL-2 and IL-6 were significantly decreased,the proportion of CD4~+,CD4~+/CD8~+T cell subsets,the killing rate of NK cell and the proliferation ability of spleen lymphocyte in spleen of the model group rats were significantly declined,indicating that the immune function of model group rats was decreased,and the model of kidney deficiency immunodeficiency was successfully constructed.As compared with the model group,both YGY and rh EPO significantly reduced serum levels of CREA and UREA,significantly increased serum levels of ACTH,T,T3,T4,Ig A,Ig G,Ig M,C3,C4,IL-2,and IL-6,increased the proportion of CD4~+,CD4~+/CD8~+T cell subsets,the killing rate of NK cell and the proliferation ability of spleen lymphocyte in spleen.YGY could significantly increase the content of EPO in serum.Both YGY and rh EPO could regulate the expression of EPOR,p-JAK2/JAK2,STAT5,NF-κB p50,NF-κB p65 and NF-κB IκB of EPO-mediated JAK2-STAT5 and NF-κB pathways in kidney and spleen.EPO is an important factor in the chronic renal failure and low immunity induced by adenine in rats.Exogenous EPO and YGY have significant reversal effects for the model rats.The mechanism of YGY may be related to the up-regulation of EPO in serum and regulating the expression of key proteins in EPO-mediated JAK2-STAT5 and NF-κB pathways in kidney and spleen.The mechanism of exogenous EPO may be related to regulating the expression of the key proteins in EPO-mediated JAK2-STAT5 and NF-κB pathways in kidney and spleen.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
19.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 12(1): 58-65, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662841

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic ability of macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness obtained by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in discriminating non-highly myopic eyes with preperimetric glaucoma (PPG) from highly myopic healthy eyes. METHODS: A total of 254 eyes, including 76 normal controls (NC), 116 eyes with high myopia (HM) and 62 non-highly myopic eyes with PPG were enrolled. The diagnostic ability of OCT parameters was accessed by the areas under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve in two distinguishing groups: PPG eyes with non-glaucomatous eyes including NC and HM (Group 1), and PPG eyes with HM eyes (Group 2). Differences in diagnostic performance between GCIPL and RNFL parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: The minimum (AUROC curve of 0.782), inferotemporal (0.758) and inferior (0.705) GCIPL thickness were the top three GCIPL parameters in discriminating PPG from non-glaucomatous eyes, all of which had statistically significant lower diagnostic ability than average RNFL thickness (0.847). In discriminating PPG from HM, the best GCIPL parameter was minimum (0.689), statistically significant lower in diagnostic ability than average RNFL thickness (0.789) and three other RNFL thickness parameters of temporal and inferotemporal clock-hour sectors. CONCLUSION: The minimum GCIPL thickness is the best GCIPL parameter to detect non-highly myopic PPG from highly myopic eyes, whose diagnostic ability is inferior to that of average RNFL thickness and RNFL thickness of several temporal and inferotemporal clock-hour sectors. The average RNFL thickness is recommended for discriminating PPG from highly myopic healthy eyes in current clinical practice in a Chinese population.

20.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 11(11): 1842-1847, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450317

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the variation in the central lamina cribrosa thickness (cLCT), and the central anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth (cALCSD), as well as the central prelaminar tissue thickness (cPLTT) related to age in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A total of 96 eyes from 96 Chinese healthy subjects were recruited. According to age, the 96 cases were divided into three groups: the young group (YG, 18-39y), middle-age group (MG, 40-59y) and older-age group (OG, 60y and above). Lamina cribrosa images were obtained from all participants using radial linear protocol by enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. The cLCT, cALCSD and cPLTT were calculated from the average value of the lamina cribrosa thickness, anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth and prelaminar tissue thickness in the optic nerve head (ONH) centre point and paracentral points (150 µm from the centre point in the horizontal and vertical directions). RESULTS: For the total subjects, the mean cLCT, cALCSD and cPLTT were 235.18±41.27, 358.02±93.80 and 182.02±92.11 µm, respectively. No statistically significant differences in cLCT, cALCSD or cPLTT were found between gender and different eyes (P=0.27-0.92). The cLCT of the OG was the thickest among the three groups, while the cPLTT of the YG was the thickest among the three groups (P<0.05). Age was positively correlated with cLCT (r=0.42, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with cPLTT (r=-0.24, P=0.02). No significant correlation was found between the age and cALCSD (r=-0.06, P=0.55). And no correlation has been found between axial length and cLCT, cALCSD and cPLTT (P=0.11-0.81). CONCLUSION: The impact of age on the cLCT and the cPLLTT should be taken into account when analysing glaucoma and other diseases related to lamina cribrosa.

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