Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 52
Filtrar
1.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506354

RESUMO

AIMS: Cigarette smoking is a modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and controlling risk factors may curb the progression of AD. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of the effects of smoking on cognition remain largely unclear. Therefore, we aimed to explore the interaction effects of smoking × cognitive status on cortico-striatal circuits, which play a crucial role in addiction and cognition, in individuals without dementia. METHODS: We enrolled 304 cognitively normal (CN) non-smokers, 44 CN smokers, 130 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) non-smokers, and 33 MCI smokers. The mixed-effect analysis was performed to explore the interaction effects between smoking and cognitive status (CN vs. MCI) based on functional connectivity (FC) of the striatal subregions (caudate, putamen, and nucleus accumbens [NAc]). RESULTS: The significant interaction effects of smoking × cognitive status on FC of the striatal subregions were detected in the left inferior parietal lobule (IPL), bilateral cuneus, and bilateral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Specifically, increased FC of right caudate to left IPL was found in CN smokers compared with non-smokers. The MCI smokers showed decreased FC of right caudate to left IPL and of right putamen to bilateral cuneus and increased FC of bilateral NAc to bilateral ACC compared with CN smokers and MCI non-smokers. Furthermore, a positive correlation between FC of the NAc to ACC with language and memory was detected in MCI smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking could affect the function of cortico-striatal circuits in patients with MCI. Our findings suggest that quitting smoking in the prodromal stage of AD may have the potential to prevent disease progression.

2.
Neurobiol Dis ; : 105755, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glymphatic dysfunction may contribute to the accumulation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathologies. Conversely, AD pathologic change might also cause neuroinflammation and aggravate glymphatic dysfunction, forming a loop that accelerates AD progression. In vivo validations are needed to confirm their relationships. METHODS: In this study, we included 144 cognitively normal participants with AD pathological biomarker data (baseline CSF Aß1-42, T-Tau, P-Tau181; plasma P-Tau181 at baseline and at least one follow-up) from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database. Each subject had completed structural MRI scans. Among them, 117 subjects have available neuroinflammatory biomarker (soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (sTREM2), and 123 subjects have completed two times [18F]-florbetapir PET. The enlarged PVS (EPVS) visual rating scores in basal ganglia (BG) and centrum semiovale (CS) were assessed on T1-weighted images to reflect glymphatic dysfunction. Intracranial volume and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) volume were also calculated for further analysis. We performed stepwise linear regression models and mediation analyses to estimate the association between EPVS severity, sTREM2, and AD biomarkers. RESULTS: CS-EPVS degree was associated with CSF sTREM2, annual change of plasma P-tau181 and total WMH volume, whereas BG-EPVS severity was associated with age, gender and intracranial volume. The sTREM2 mediated the association between CSF P-tau181 and CS-EPVS. CONCLUSION: Impaired glymphatic dysfunction could contribute to the accumulation of pathological tau protein. The association between tauopathy and glymphatic dysfunction was mediated by the microglia inflammatory process. These findings may provide evidence for novel treatment strategies of anti-neuroinflammation therapy in the early stage.

3.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 86(2): 741-751, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular pathology is an important partner of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both total cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) score and white matter free water (FW) are useful markers that could reflect cerebral vascular injury. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the efficacy of these two metrics in predicting cognitive declines in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: We enrolled 126 MCI subjects with 3D T1-weighted images, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images, T2* images, diffusion tensor imaging images, cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and neuropsychological tests from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. The total CSVD score and FW values were calculated. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were applied to explore the association between vascular and cognitive impairments. Linear mixed effect models were constructed to investigate the efficacy of total CSVD score and FW on predicting cognitive decline. RESULTS: FW was associated with baseline cognition and could predict the decline of executive and language functions in MCI subjects, while no association was found between total CSVD score and cognitive declines. CONCLUSION: FW is a promising imaging marker for investigating the effect of CSVD on AD progression.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Disfunção Cognitiva , Substância Branca , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Biomarcadores , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/complicações , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Água , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia
4.
J Int Med Res ; 50(1): 3000605211068689, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35098779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after femoral neck fracture is significantly higher in immunocompromised patients. This study was performed to explore the temporal changes of blood-related parameters in immunocompromised patients after femoral neck fracture repair and to determine the correlation between the platelet (PLT) count and SSI. METHODS: This study involved 101 immunocompromised patients who underwent repair of a femoral neck fracture from April 2018 to August 2019. SSI was confirmed by postoperative observation of the incision and B-mode ultrasound imaging examination. Blood parameter measurements and dynamic observation were performed 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days postoperatively. RESULTS: The procalcitonin concentration, D-dimer concentration, and PLT count were strongly correlated with temporal changes. The PLT count changes crossed between patients with and without SSI 3 to 5 days after surgery, and the PLT count increased in patients with SSI 3 to 5 days after surgery. The PLT count had high specificity and sensitivity for predicting SSI with a cut-off value of 167.5 × 109/L. CONCLUSION: The temporal changes of the PLT count in immunocompromised patients who have undergone femoral neck fracture repair can serve as an early warning of SSI.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pró-Calcitonina , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica
5.
Transl Stroke Res ; 13(1): 56-64, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634379

RESUMO

To investigate the association between white matter free water (FW) and common imaging markers of cerebral small vessel diseases (CSVD) in two groups of subjects with different clinical status. One hundred and forty-four community subjects (mean age 60.5) and 84 CSVD subjects (mean age 61.2) were retrospectively included in the present study. All subjects received multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging and clinical assessments. The association between white matter FW and common CSVD imaging markers, including white matter hyperintensities (WMH), dilated perivascular space (PVS), lacunes, and microbleeds, were assessed using simple and multiple regression analysis. The association between FW and cognitive scores were also investigated. White matter FW was positively associated with WMH volume (ß = 0.270, p = 0.001), PVS volume (ß = 0.290, p < 0.001), number of microbleeds (ß = 0.148, p = 0.043), and age (ß = 0.170, p = 0.036) in the community cohort. In the CSVD cohort, FW was positively associated with WMH volume (ß = 0.648, p < 0.001), PVS score (ß = 0.224, p < 0.001), number of lacunes (ß = 0.140, p = 0.046), and sex (ß = 0.125, p = 0.036). The associations between FW and cognitive scores were stronger than conventional CSVD markers in both datasets. White matter FW is a potential composite marker that can sensitively detect cerebral small vessel degeneration and also reflect cognitive impairments.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Substância Branca , Biomarcadores , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/complicações , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Água , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia
6.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 85(4): 1545-1554, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral microinfarcts (CMIs) might cause measurable disruption to brain connections and are associated with cognitive decline, but the association between CMIs and motor impairment is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the CMIs effect on motor function in vivo and explore the potential neuropathological mechanism based on graph-based network method. METHODS: We identified 133 non-demented middle-aged and elderly participants who underwent MRI scanning, cognitive, and motor assessment. The short physical performance battery (SPPB) assessed motor function, including balance, walking speed, and chair stand. We grouped participants into 34 incident CMIs carriers and 99 non-CMIs carriers as controls, depending on diffusion-weighted imaging. Then we assessed the independent CMIs effects on motor function and explored neural mechanisms of CMIs on motor impairment via mapping of degree centrality (DC) and eigenvector centrality (EC). RESULTS: CMIs carriers had worse motor function than non-carriers. Linear regression analyses showed that CMIs independently contributed to motor function. CMIs carriers had decreased EC in the precuneus, while increased DC and EC in the middle temporal gyrus and increased DC in the inferior frontal gyrus compared to controls (p < 0.05, corrected). Correlation analyses showed that EC of precuneus was related to SPPB (r = 0.25) and balance (r = 0.27); however, DC (r = -0.25) and EC (r = -0.25) of middle temporal gyrus was related with SPPB in all participants (p < 0.05, corrected). CONCLUSION: CMIs represent an independent risk factor for motor dysfunction. The relationship between CMIs and motor function may be attributed to suppression of functional hub region and compensatory activation of motor-related regions.


Assuntos
Infarto Encefálico/patologia , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Idoso , Encéfalo/patologia , Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 755630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867281

RESUMO

Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the prodromal phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has a high risk of progression to AD. Cigarette smoking is one of the important modifiable risk factors in AD progression. Cholinergic dysfunction, especially the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM), is the converging target connecting smoking and AD. However, how cigarette smoking affects NBM connectivity in MCI remains unclear. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the interaction effects of condition (non-smoking vs. smoking) and diagnosis [cognitively normal (CN) vs. MCI] based on the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the NBM. Methods: After propensity score matching, we included 86 non-smoking CN, 44 smoking CN, 62 non-smoking MCI, and 32 smoking MCI. All subjects underwent structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and neuropsychological tests. The seed-based rsFC of the NBM with the whole-brain voxel was calculated. Furthermore, the mixed effect analysis was performed to explore the interaction effects between condition and diagnosis on rsFC of the NBM. Results: The interaction effects of condition × diagnosis on rsFC of the NBM were observed in the bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC), bilateral supplementary motor area (SMA), and right precuneus/middle occipital gyrus (MOG). Specifically, the smoking CN showed decreased rsFC between left NBM and PFC and increased rsFC between left NBM and SMA compared with non-smoking CN and smoking MCI. The smoking MCI showed reduced rsFC between right NBM and precuneus/MOG compared with non-smoking MCI. Additionally, rsFC between the NBM and SMA showed a significant negative correlation with Wechsler Memory Scale-Logical Memory (WMS-LM) immediate recall in smoking CN (r = -0.321, p = 0.041). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that chronic nicotine exposure through smoking may lead to functional connectivity disruption between the NBM and precuneus in MCI patients. The distinct alteration patterns on NBM connectivity in CN smokers and MCI smokers suggest that cigarette smoking has different influences on normal and impaired cognition.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(42): e27574, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678900

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic myointimal hyperplasia of mesenteric veins (IMHMV) is an uncommon cause of ischemic bowel disease resulting from the proliferation of smooth muscles in the venous intima. Delayed diagnosis could only be made following the surgical resection due to lack of imaging data, which may lead to bowel severe bleeding, perforation, necrosis, infection, or shock. In previous reports, few cases have provided the detailed pre-operative radiological characteristics of IMHMV. Herein, we are the first to provide the complete clinical course and comprehensive pre-operative radiological data of a 21-year-old female diagnosed with IMHMV. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. Physical examination revealed tenderness localized to the left lower abdomen. The patient had no prior history of similar symptoms. A computed tomography scan was performed and showed diffuse wall thickening from the rectum to sigmoid colon with poor mural enhancement, multiple ulcers, fat stranding, and free fluid. The arterial phase images demonstrated many tortuous pericolic arteries and submucosal pseudoaneurysm. INTERVENTION: Conservative treatment including empirical antibiotics, Mesalazine, and methylprednisolone sodium succinate were administrated to relief the symptoms. However, the diarrhea and abdominal pain worsened. An emergency surgery was arranged and total proctocolectomy with ileal pouchanal anastomosis with ileostomy was performed. DIAGNOSIS: Macroscopic and histopathological examinations of the excised specimen showed ischemic colitis. Elastica van Gieson staining revealed extensive myointimal hyperplasia and confirmed the diagnosis of IMHMV. OUTCOMES: During the 2-year follow-up period, no additional medical management was needed. The patient was well and surveillance colonoscopy showed normal colon and anastomosis. CONCLUSION: Pre-operative computed tomography with imaging features including pronounced continuous concentric thickening colonic wall with poor enhancement and enlarged tortuous pericolic arteries could specifically facilitate the speedy diagnosis of IMHMV.


Assuntos
Colite Isquêmica/etiologia , Hiperplasia/complicações , Veias Mesentéricas/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Colite Isquêmica/patologia , Colite Isquêmica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 4921-4931, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611410

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Immunotherapy has made breakthroughs in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, only a subset of patients achieved long-term survival, so it is of great importance to find a biomarker of lung cancer thus guide immunotherapy. Studies have shown that the infiltration level of tissue resident memory CD8+ T cells (CD8+ TRMs) is positively correlated with lung cancer prognosis and can be an ideal biomarker for assessing the tumor local immune status. We screened the radiomic features associated with CD8+ TRMs as targets in NSCLC surgical specimens by radiomic approaches, and established a radiomic predictive model to assess the local immune status, which may provide a scientific reference for lung cancer treatment strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the NSCLC surgical specimens immune cell database and extracted CD8+ TRMs cell data, preoperative CT scan data were achieved. A total of 97 patients containing complete preoperative data were included, radiomic features were extracted from the preoperative CT image data. All the patients were divided into two groups, namely high-CD8+ TRMs infiltrated group and low-CD8+ TRMs infiltrated group, based on the proportion of CD8+ TRMs cells subset in the immune cell population. The most valuable radiomic features and semantic features were extracted and selected, and a neural network model was established to predict the level of CD8+ TRMs cell infiltration level to assess the tumor local immune status. RESULTS: The NSCLC tumor immune status predictive model was built to discriminate high- from low-CD8+ TRMs with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.788 (95% CI) in the training set and 0.753 (95% CI) in the validation set. CONCLUSION: The radiomic models using CT image data showed a good predictive performance for accessing NSCLC immune status thus has great potential for personalized therapeutic decision making.

10.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 725246, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a polygenic neurodegenerative disease. Identifying the neuroimaging phenotypes behind the genetic predisposition of AD is critical to the understanding of AD pathogenesis. Two major questions which previous studies have led to are: (1) should the general "polygenic hazard score" (PHS) be a good choice to identify the individual genetic risk for AD; and (2) should researchers also include inter-modality relationships in the analyses considering these may provide complementary information about the AD etiology. METHODS: We collected 88 healthy controls, 77 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 22 AD patients to simulate the AD continuum included from the ADNI database. PHS-guided multimodal fusion was used to investigate the impact of PHS on multimodal brain networks in AD-continuum by maximizing both inter-modality association and reference-modality correlation. Fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations, gray matter (GM) volume, and amyloid standard uptake value ratios were included as neuroimaging features. Eventually, the changes in neuroimaging features along AD continuum were investigated, and relationships between cognitive performance and identified PHS associated multimodal components were established. RESULTS: We found that PHS was associated with multimodal brain networks, which showed different functional and structural impairments under increased amyloid deposits. Notably, along with AD progression, functional impairment occurred before GM atrophy, amyloid deposition started from the MCI stage and progressively increased throughout the disease continuum. CONCLUSION: PHS is associated with multi-facets of brain impairments along the AD continuum, including cognitive dysfunction, pathological deposition, which might underpin the AD pathogenesis.

11.
Parasitol Res ; 120(11): 3749-3759, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499198

RESUMO

Fatty acid uptake is extremely important for the survival and growth of the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In this study, CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology was used to investigate the role of four lipid synthesis enzymes, namely, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH), malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase (FabD), acyl-ACP thiolesterase (TE), and diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), in the virulence and infectivity of Type I RH and Type II Prugniaud (Pru) strains of T. gondii. Immunofluorescence analysis of the tachyzoite stage showed that FabD protein was located in the apicoplast; however, the expression level of the other three proteins was undetectable. Compared with wild-type (WT) strains, the growth of RHΔG3PDH, RHΔTE, and RHΔDGAT in vitro and their virulence in vivo were not significantly different. However, RHΔFabD exhibited a significantly reduced growth rate, compared with the WT strain. The deletion of FabD attenuated the virulence of Type II Pru strain and reduced the formation of cysts in vivo. These data improved our understanding of the role of lipid synthesis enzymes in the pathogenesis of T. gondii.


Assuntos
Parasitos , Toxoplasma , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Ácidos Graxos , Parasitos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo , Toxoplasma/genética , Toxoplasma/metabolismo , Virulência
12.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 703059, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531837

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, which has a worldwide distribution and can infect a large number of warm-blooded animals and humans. T. gondii must colonize and proliferate inside the host cells in order to maintain its own survival by securing essential nutrients for the development of the newly generated tachyzoites. The type II fatty acid biosynthesis pathway (FASII) in the apicoplast is essential for the growth and survival of T. gondii. We investigated whether deletion of genes in the FASII pathway influences the in vitro growth and in vivo virulence of T. gondii. We focused on beta-hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein dehydratase (FabZ) and oxidoreductase, short chain dehydrogenase/reductase family proteins ODSCI and ODSCII. We constructed T. gondii strains deficient in FabZ, ODSCI, and ODSCII using CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology. The results of immunofluorescence assay, plaque assay, proliferation assay and egress assay showed that in RHΔFabZ strain the apicoplast was partly lost and the growth ability of the parasite in vitro was significantly inhibited, while for RHΔODSCI and RHΔODSCII mutant strains no similar changes were detected. RHΔFabZ exhibited reduced virulence for mice compared with RHΔODSCI and RHΔODSCII, as shown by the improved survival rate. Deletion of FabZ in the PRU strain significantly decreased the brain cyst burden in mice compared with PRUΔODSCI and PRUΔODSCII. Collectively, these findings suggest that FabZ contributes to the growth and virulence of T. gondii, while ODSCI and ODSCII do not contribute to these traits.

13.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 683783, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526888

RESUMO

Background: Before the apparent cognitive decline, subjects on the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) can have significantly altered spontaneous brain activity, which could be potentially used for early diagnosis. As previous studies investigating local brain activity may suffer from the problem of cortical signal aliasing during volume-based analysis, we aimed to investigate the cortical functional alterations in the AD continuum using a surface-based approach. Methods: Based on biomarker profile "A/T," we included 11 healthy controls (HC, A-T-), 22 preclinical AD (CU, A+T+), 33 prodromal AD (MCI, A+T+), and 20 AD with dementia (d-AD, A+T+) from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method was used to evaluate the changes of spontaneous brain activity, which was performed in the classic frequency band (0.01-0.08 Hz), slow-4 (0.027-0.073 Hz) band, and slow-5 (0.01-0.027 Hz) band. Results: Under classic frequency band and slow-4 band, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that there were significant differences of standardized ALFF (zALFF) in the left posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) among the four groups. The post-hoc analyses showed that under the classic frequency band, the AD group had significantly decreased zALFF compared with the other three groups, and the cognitively unimpaired (CU) group had decreased zALFF compared with the healthy control (HC) group. Under the slow-4 band, more group differences were detected (HC > CU/MCI > d-AD). The accuracy of classifying CU, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and AD from HC by left PCC activity under the slow-4 band were 0.774, 0.744, and 0.920, respectively. Moreover, the zALFF values of the left PCC had significant correlations with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and neuropsychological tests. Conclusions: Spontaneous brain activity in the left PCC may decrease in preclinical AD when cognitive functions were relatively normal. The combination of a surfaced-based approach and specific frequency band analysis may increase sensitivity for the identification of preclinical AD subjects.

14.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 693787, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349635

RESUMO

Assessing glymphatic function using in-vivo imaging method is of great value for understanding its contribution to major brain diseases. In the present study, we aim to validate the association between a variety of risk factors and a potential index of glymphatic function-Diffusion Tensor Image Analysis Along the Perivascular Space (ALPS index). We enrolled 142 subjects from communities and performed multi-modality magnetic resonance imaging scans. The ALPS index was calculated from diffusion tensor imaging data, and its associations with demographic factors, vascular factors were investigated using regression analyses. We found that the ALPS index was negatively associated with age (ß = -0.284, p < 0.001). Compared to males, females had significantly higher ALPS index (ß = -0.243, p = 0.001). Hypertensive subjects had significantly lower ALPS index compared to non-hypertensive subjects (ß = -0.189, p = 0.013). Furthermore, venous disruption could decrease ALPS index (ß = -0.215, p = 0.003). In general, our results are in consistent with previous conceptions and results from animal studies about the pathophysiology of glymphatic dysfunction. Future studies utilizing this method should consider introducing the above-mentioned factors as important covariates.

15.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 685571, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239436

RESUMO

Lenticulostriate arteries (LSAs) supply blood to important subcortical areas and are, therefore, essential for maintaining the optimal functioning of the brain's most metabolically active nuclei. Past studies have demonstrated the potential for quantifying the morphology of LSAs as biomarkers of vascular fragility or underlying arteriopathies. Thus, the current study aims to evaluate the morphological features of LSAs, their potential value in cerebrovascular risk stratification, and their concordance with other vascular risk factors in community-dwelling elderly people. A total of 125 community-dwelling elderly subjects who underwent a brain MRI scan were selected from our prospectively collected imaging database. The morphological measures of LSAs were calculated on the vascular skeletons obtained by manual tracing, and the number of LSAs was counted. Additionally, imaging biomarkers of small vessel disease were evaluated, and the diameters of major cerebral arteries were measured. The effects of vascular risk factors on LSA morphometry, as well as the relationship between LSA measures and other imaging biomarkers, were investigated. We found that smokers had shorter (p = 0.04) and straighter LSAs (p < 0.01) compared to nonsmokers, and the presence of hypertension is associated with less tortuous LSAs (p = 0.03) in community-dwelling elderly. Moreover, the middle cerebral artery diameter was positively correlated with LSA count (r = 0.278, p = 0.025) and vessel tortuosity (r = 0.257, p = 0.04). The posterior cerebral artery diameter was positively correlated with vessel tortuosity and vessel length. Considering the scarcity of noninvasive methods for measuring small artery abnormalities in the brain, the LSA morphological measures may provide valuable information to better understand cerebral small vessel degeneration during aging.

16.
Front Surg ; 8: 686892, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307442

RESUMO

Background: Cerebellar liponeurocytoma is an extremely rare benign tumor which generally occurs in cerebellum and is almost always solitary. Multifocal cerebellar liponeurocytoma is exceedingly rare, only 8 cases has been reported so far. Herein we present the 9th case of multifocal cerebellar liponeurocytoma in a 70-year-old woman with the complete clinical course and comprehensive imaging findings. Case Presentation: A 70-year-old woman presented with a history of intermittent headache for 5 years. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain have been performed and suggested a diagnosis of teratoma based on the imaging findings. After the surgical resection of the lesion, histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed neuronal, glial, and lipomatous components and confirmed the diagnosis of multifocal cerebellar liponeurocytoma after surgical resection. During the 2-year follow-up period, the patient showed no signs of recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion: We described the radiological characteristics and clinical course of an exceedingly rare case of multifocal cerebellar liponeurocytoma in the cerebellar vermis and temporal lobe. The clear multifocality makes this case unusual.

17.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 54(4): 1326-1336, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perivascular spaces (PVSs) are important component of the brain glymphatic system. While visual rating has been widely used to assess PVS, computational measures may have higher sensitivity for capturing PVS characteristics under disease conditions. PURPOSE: To compute quantitative and morphological PVS features and to assess their associations with vascular risk factors and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: One hundred sixty-one middle-aged/later middle-aged subjects (age = 60.4 ± 7.3). SEQUENCE: 3D T1-weighted, T2-weighted and T2-FLAIR sequences, and susceptibility-weighted multiecho gradient-echo sequence on a 3 T scanner. ASSESSMENT: Automated PVS segmentation was performed on sub-millimeter T2-weighted images. Quantitative and morphological PVS features were calculated in white matter (WM) and basal ganglia (BG) regions, including volume, count, size, length (Lmaj ), width (Lmin ), and linearity. Visual PVS scores were also acquired for comparison. STATISTICAL TESTS: Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used to explore the associations among variables. RESULTS: WM-PVS visual score and count were associated with hypertension (ß = 0.161, P < 0.05; ß = 0.193, P < 0.05), as were BG-PVS rating score, volume, count and Lmin (ß = 0.197, P < 0.05; ß = 0.170, P < 0.05; ß = 0.200, P < 0.05; ß = 0.172, P < 0.05). WM-PVS size was associated with diabetes (ß = 0.165, P < 0.05). WM-PVS and BG-PVS were associated with CSVD markers, especially white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) (P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that WM/BG-PVS quantitative measures were widely associated with vascular risk factors and CSVD markers (P < 0.05). Morphological measures were associated with WMH severity in WM region and also associated with lacunes and microbleeds (P < 0.05) in BG region. DATA CONCLUSION: These novel PVS measures may capture mild PVS alterations driven by different pathologies. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Substância Branca , Idoso , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(9): 12410-12430, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The underlying white matter impairment in patients with early and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD and LOAD) is still unclear, and this might due to the complex AD pathology. METHODS: We included 31 EOAD, 45 LOAD, and 64 younger, 46 elder controls in our study to undergo MRI examinations. Fiber density (FD) and fiber bundle cross-section (FC) were measured using fixel-based analysis based on diffusion weighted images. On whole brain and tract-based level, we compared these parameters among different groups (p<0.05, FWE corrected). Moreover, we verified our results in another independent dataset using the same analyses. RESULTS: Compared to young healthy controls, EOAD had significantly lower FD in the splenium of corpus callosum, limbic tracts, cingulum bundles, and posterior thalamic radiation, and higher FC in the splenium of corpus callosum, dorsal cingulum and posterior thalamic radiation. On the other hand, LOAD had lower FD and FC as well. Importantly, a similar pattern was found in the independent validation dataset. Among all groups, both the FD and FC were associated with cognitive function. Furthermore, FD of fornix column and body, and FC of ventral cingulum were associated with composite amyloid and tau level (r=-0.34 and -0.53, p<0.001) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: EOAD and LOAD were characterized by distinct white matter impairment patterns, which may be attributable to their different neuropathologies.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Progressão da Doença , Placa Amiloide/patologia , Substância Branca/patologia , Idade de Início , Idoso , Encéfalo/patologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 624732, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841126

RESUMO

Background: The dilation of perivascular space (PVS) has been widely used to reflect brain degeneration in clinical brain imaging studies. However, PVS characteristics exhibit large differences in healthy subjects. Such variations need to be better addressed before PVS can be used to reflect pathological changes. In the present study, we aim to investigate the potential influence of several related factors on PVS dilation in healthy elderly subjects. Methods: One-hundred and three subjects (mean age = 59.5) were retrospectively included from a prospectively collected community cohort. Multi-modal high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging and cognitive assessments were performed on each subject. Machine-learning based segmentation methods were employed to quantify PVS volume and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume. Multiple regression analysis was performed to reveal the influence of demographic factors, vascular risk factors, intracranial volume (ICV), major brain artery diameters, and brain atrophy on PVS dilation. Results: Multiple regression analysis showed that age was positively associated with the basal ganglia (BG) (standardized beta = 0.227, p = 0.027) and deep white matter (standardized beta = 0.220, p = 0.029) PVS volume. Hypertension was positively associated with deep white matter PVS volume (standardized beta = 0.234, p = 0.017). Furthermore, we found that ICV was strongly associated with the deep white matter PVS volume (standardized beta = 0.354, p < 0.001) while the intracranial artery diameter was negatively associated with the deep white matter PVS volume (standardized beta = -0.213, p = 0.032). Conclusions: Intracranial volume has significant influence on deep white matter PVS volume. Future studies on PVS dilation should include ICV as an important covariate.

20.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 15(5): 2661-2670, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844192

RESUMO

Early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) involves multiple cognitive domains and shows more rapid progression than late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). However, the difference in pathogenesis between EOAD and LOAD is still unclear. Accordingly, we applied intrinsic network analysis to explore the potential neuropathological mechanism underlying distinct clinical phenotypes. According to the cut-off age of 65, we included 20 EOAD patients, 20 LOAD patients, and 36 age-matched controls (19 young and 17 old controls). We employed resting-state functional MRI and network centrality analysis to explore the local (degree centrality (DC)) and global (eigenvector centrality (EC)) functional integrity. Two-sample t-test analysis was performed, with gray matter volume, age, gender, and education as covariates. Furthermore, we performed a correlation analysis between network metrics and cognition. Compared to young controls, EOAD patients exhibited lower DC in the middle temporal gyrus (MTG), parahippocampal gyrus (PHG), superior temporal gyrus (STG), and lower EC in the MTG, PHG, and postcentral gyrus. In contrast, LOAD patients exhibited lower DC in the STG and anterior cingulum gyrus and higher DC in the middle frontal gyrus compared to old controls. No significant difference in EC was observed in LOAD patients. Furthermore, both DC and EC correlated with cognitive performance. Our study demonstrated divergent functional network impairments in EOAD and LOAD patients. EOAD patients showed more complex network damage involving both local and global centrality properties, while LOAD patients mainly featured local functional connectivity changes. Such centrality impairments are related to poor cognition, especially regarding memory performance.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Substância Branca , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...