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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159582, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272485

RESUMO

Ginger is a common spice in everyday diet. However, over time, it may absorb and accumulate heavy metal(loid)s (HMs) from the soil, posing a potential health risk to humans. In this study, we evaluated the pollution level, bioavailability, mobility evaluation, and health risk of Cr, Pb, Cd, and As in the soil-ginger system of five major ginger-producing cities in Shandong Province, China. Research indicated the concentrations of the Cr, Pb, Cd, and As in the soil were close to or even higher than background value, except Weifang. With the concentrations of Cr, Pb, Cd, and As in ginger being 0.08-0.47, 0.03-0.16, 0.002-0.03, and 0.006-0.028 mg/kg, the four HMs concentrations were within the limits of 0.1-0.5 mg/kg based on the Chinese health standard (GB2762-2017) of HMs in food. The bioavailability of HMs in soils was evaluated using diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and nitric acid (HNO3) extraction and the results showed that Pb and Cd have high bioavailability. Mobility evaluation of HMs from soil to ginger based on Pearson's correlation and the partial least squares-path method (PLS-PM) model showed that the soil's physicochemical properties influence the HMs migration process (especially Cd and Pb) in the soil-ginger system, and the PLS-PM model has good adaptability to Cd and Pb (gof > 0.5). The mean total carcinogenic risk (TCR) of bioaccessible gastric and intestinal HMs were 4.64 × 10-6 and 3.13 × 10-6, which were much lower than that of total HMs (2.60 × 10-5), indicating that existing models based on total HMs may overestimate the health risk of HMs. The bioaccessible concentrations should be considered to improve the accuracy of assessment results.


Assuntos
Gengibre , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Cádmio , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo/química , Medição de Risco , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 232-241, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242883

RESUMO

The energy density of solid-state lithium batteries (SSLBs) has been primarily limited by the low ionic conductivity of solid electrolyte and poor interface compatibility between electrolyte and electrodes. Herein, a multifunctional composite solid polymer electrolyte (CSPE) based on polyethylene oxide (PEO) embedded with zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 deposited on carboxymethyl cellulose (ZIF@CMC) is reported. The ZIF@CMC interpenetrated in PEO matrix creates a continuous Li+ conductive network by combining Zn2+ in ZIF with the unsaturated group in PEO to boost the Li+ transport through the PEO chain segment. On the other hand, Zn2+ can bond with bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (TFSI-) anion, thus promoting the dissolution of lithium salt and releasing more lithium ions. This CSPE demonstrates brilliant electrochemical properties, including a high ionic conductivity of 1.8 × 10-4 S cm-1 at room temperature and a wide electrochemical window of 5 V. The integrated LiFePO4/CSPE/Li batteries using 20 wt.% ZIF-8@CMC show excellent reversible capacity of 145.6 mAh g-1 with a capacity retention of 88.95 % after 200 cycles at a high current density of 0.5C. Our study proposed a novel and effective strategy to construct high-performance solid-state lithium batteries.

3.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(4): 750-755, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204831

RESUMO

The inability of damaged neurons to regenerate within the mature central nervous system (CNS) is a significant neuroscientific challenge. Astrocytes are an essential component of the CNS and participate in many physiological processes including blood-brain barrier formation, axon growth regulation, neuronal support, and higher cognitive functions such as memory. Recent reprogramming studies have confirmed that astrocytes in the mature CNS can be transformed into functional neurons. Building on in vitro work, many studies have demonstrated that astrocytes can be transformed into neurons in different disease models to replace damaged or lost cells. However, many findings in this field are controversial, as the source of new neurons has been questioned. This review summarizes progress in reprogramming astrocytes into neurons in vivo in animal models of spinal cord injury, brain injury, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other neurodegenerative conditions.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 287(Pt 1): 122069, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371877

RESUMO

A novel fluorescent probe L consisting of ß-Cyclodextrin (ß-CD) and thiosemicarbazide moieties was designed for copper ions detection. Apparent fluorescence quenching of probe L in Tris-HCl(pH = 7.4)solution was observed only in the presence of Cu2+, among other interfering ions. The present probe L was 1:1 complexed with Cu2+ and the detection limit of probe L was calculated to be 1.37 µM. The results demonstrate that the probe L may provide a convenient method for visual detection of Cu2+ in the environmental and biological systems.

5.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1183, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333465

RESUMO

The relaxin/insulin-like family peptide receptor 2 (RXFP2) belongs to the family of class A G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) and it is the only known target for the insulin-like factor 3 peptide (INSL3). The importance of this ligand-receptor pair in the development of the gubernacular ligament during the transabdominal phase of testicular descent is well established. More recently, RXFP2 has been implicated in maintaining healthy bone formation. In this report, we describe the discovery of a small molecule series of RXFP2 agonists. These compounds are highly potent, efficacious, and selective RXFP2 allosteric agonists that induce gubernacular invagination in mouse embryos, increase mineralization activity in human osteoblasts in vitro, and improve bone trabecular parameters in adult mice. The described RXFP2 agonists are orally bioavailable and display favorable pharmacokinetic properties, which allow for future evaluation of the therapeutic benefits of modulating RXFP2 activation in disease models.


Assuntos
Relaxina , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Relaxina/farmacologia , Insulina/farmacologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/fisiologia , Testículo , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Receptores de Peptídeos
6.
Front Nutr ; 9: 923191, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337647

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of preoperative predigested formula vs. polymeric formula on bowel function recovery following definitive surgery (DS) for small intestinal enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF). Methods: In this retrospective study, from January 2005 to December 2019, the patients with small intestinal EAF and receiving a DS were enrolled. During the preoperative treatment, each patient received enteral nutrition via nasojejunal feeding and chyme reinfusion. The enrolled subjects were classified into two groups, based on their formula type: polymeric formula and predigested formula. Then, propensity scores matching (PSM) was used to further divide these patients into PSM polymeric formula group or PSM predigested formula group. The clinical characteristics of the groups were analyzed. Result: A total of 137 patients were finally enrolled, with 72 patients in the polymeric formula group and 65 patients in predigested formula group. The postoperative ileus was manifested in a total of 61 (44.5%) cases, with 27 (37.5%) in the polymeric formula group and 34 (52.3%) in the predigested formula group (P = 0.04). It was predicted that the polymeric formula could result in a reduction in postoperative ileus (OR = 0.47; 95% CI: 0.21-0.95; P = 0.04). After 1:1 PSM, there were 110 patients included. The postoperative ileus was observed in 47 patients, with 18 (32.7%) in the polymeric formula group and 29 (52.7%) in the predigested formula group (P = 0.03). After PSM, the polymeric formula demonstrated a reduction in the incidence of postoperative ileus (OR = 0.42; 95% CI: 0.19-0.92; P = 0.03). Conclusion: Compared with predigested formula, the preoperative polymeric formula appears to be associated with earlier recovery of bowel function after DS for EAF.

7.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(5): 2269-2281, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388694

RESUMO

Background: There are many risk factors for the recurrence of colorectal adenoma (CRA). The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive performance of fibrinogen-to-lymphocyte ratio (FLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the recurrence of CRA and to construct a predictive model. Methods: This study analyzed the clinicopathological features of 421 CRA patients who underwent colonoscopy and adenectomy, and evaluated the recurrence of polyps under colonoscopy. Among them, 301 were training cohort and 120 were validation cohort. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors associated with CRA recurrence. Established a nomogram model to predict the risk of recurrence in CRA patients using independent risk factors. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to verify the nomogram model discrimination. Calibration curves were used to verify the model calibration degree. The decision curve analysis (DCA) curves were used to verify the clinical efficacy of the nomogram model. Results: Totally, six independent predictors, including smoking, diabetes, adenoma number, adenoma size, NLR, and FLR, were enrolled in the nomogram. In the training cohort and validation cohort, the area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram for predicting the risk of CRA recurrence was 0.846 and 0.841, respectively. The calibration curves displayed a good agreement. DCA curves showed that this model had a high net clinical benefit. Conclusions: Smoking, diabetes, adenoma number, adenoma size, NLR, and FLR were influencing factors for CRA recurrence.

8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 872, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after transplantation. This study aimed to investigate CMV seroprevalence, infection, and disease in Chinese thoracic organ transplant recipients. METHODS: The clinical data of the patients who underwent lung and/or heart transplantation between January 2015 and October 2020 were retrospectively collected from four transplantation centers in China. RESULTS: A total of 308 patients were analyzed. The CMV serostatus was donor positive (D+) recipient negative (R-) in 19 (6.17%) patients, D+/R+ in 233 (75.65%), D-/R+ in 36 (11.69%), and D-/R- in 20 (6.50%). CMV DNAemia was detected in 52.3% of the patients and tissue-invasive CMV disease was diagnosed in 16.2% of the patients. Only 31.8% of the patients adhered to the postdischarge valganciclovir therapy. The D+/R- serostatus (odds ratio [OR]: 18.32; 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.80-188.68), no valganciclovir prophylaxis (OR: 2.64; 95% CI: 1.05-6.64), and higher doses of rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (> 2 mg/kg) (OR: 4.25; 95% CI: 1.92-9.42) were risk factors of CMV disease. CONCLUSION: CMV seroprevalence was high in Chinese thoracic organ transplant donors and recipients. The low adherence rate to the postdischarge CMV prophylaxis therapy in Chinese patients is still an unresolved issue.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Órgãos , Humanos , Citomegalovirus , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Assistência ao Convalescente , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Alta do Paciente , Valganciclovir/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos
9.
J Clin Apher ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) in severe hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis (sHTGP) is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of DFPP on clinical outcomes in patients with sHTGP and the costs associated with the procedure. METHODS: Patients who underwent DFPP after admission between January 2016 and December 2021 were recruited. Data on lipid profile, clinical parameters, and costs were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty sHTGP patients who received DFPP were enrolled. All of the lipid profile were significantly reduced and maintained a downward trend. The APACHE II score on admission was higher and the reduction after DFPP was more obvious (P < 0.05) in patients with higher triglyceride (TG) levels (≥33.9 mmol/L) than in patients with lower TG levels. More material fees were expended in the higher TG group due to more DFPP sessions (P < 0.05), but no significant differences existed in total hospital costs between the two groups. CONCLUSION: DFPP could rapidly and effectively reduce TGs to a safe level. APACHE II score reduction was obvious in patients with TGs ≥33.9 mmol/L and was associated with lipid profile changes. DFPP may benefit sHTGP patients with a TG level higher than the current initiation threshold.

10.
Hematol Oncol ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422297

RESUMO

Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is characterized by immature megakaryocytic hyperplasia, splenomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis and bone marrow fibrosis. Our preclinical study had demonstrated that aurora kinase A (AURKA) inhibitor MLN8237 reduced the mutation burden of PMF by inducing differentiation of immature megakaryocytes. However, it only slightly alleviated splenomegaly, reduced tissue fibrosis, and normalized megakaryocytes in PMF patients of the preliminary clinical study. So enhancing therapeutic efficacy of PMF is needed. In this study, we found that AURKA directly interacted with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) and HSP90 inhibitors promoted the ubiquitin-dependent AURKA degradation. We demonstrated that HSP90 inhibitors 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) and 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), normalized peripheral blood counts, improved splenomegaly, attenuated extramedullary hematopoiesis, decreased tissue fibrosis and reduced mutant burden in a MPLW515L mouse model of PMF. Importantly, both 17-AAG and 17-DMAG treatment at effective doses in vivo did not influence on hematopoiesis in healthy mice. Collectively, the study demonstrates that HSP90 inhibitors induce cell differentiation via the ubiquitin-dependent AURKA and also are safe and effective for the treatment of a MPLW515L mouse model of PMF, which may provide a new strategy for PMF therapy. Further, we demonstrate that combined therapy shows superior activity in AMKL mouse model than single therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 498, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the geometrical risk factors for meniscal injuries. We hypothesized that the narrowness of the intercondylar notch and the smaller tibial spine could increase the risk of meniscal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively studied two hundred and seven patients examined for knee magnetic resonance images. Two experienced orthopedists evaluated the severity of meniscal injuries. The notch width, bicondylar notch width, notch width index, condyle width of the femur, tibial spine height, and intercondylar angle were measured in magnetic resonance image slides by two blinded orthopedists. RESULTS: A total of 112 patients with a meniscus injury and 95 patients were as healthy control in all two hundred and seven patients. The NWI (P = 0.027) in patients with meniscus injuries was significantly different from the control group. A 1 SD (0.04 mm) increase in NWI was associated with a 0.4-fold increase in the risk of meniscal injury. A 1 SD (0.04 mm) increase in NWI was associated with a 0.64-fold increase in the risk of grade 3 meniscal injury. Furthermore, NWI and medial spine height are decreased significantly in grade 2 (P < 0.05) meniscal injury than in other grades. The medial spine height was significantly decreased in the meniscal injury group (P = 0.025), and the decrease in medial spine height would increase the risk of meniscal injury (OR = 0.77) and grade 3 meniscal injury (OR = 0.8). CONCLUSIONS: The stenosis of the femoral intercondylar notch and small medial tibial spine is risk factors of meniscal injury. The decreased NWI and the medial tibial spine height were also associated with the severity of the meniscal injury.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Menisco , Humanos , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Joelho
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 851, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based intervention that reduces morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. However, it has not yet been fully integrated into health systems around the world. The aim of this study is to provide a cogent summary of the evidence base of the key barriers and facilitators to implementing KMC. METHODS: An umbrella review of existing reviews on KMC was adopted to identify systematic and scoping reviews that analysed data from primary studies. Electronic English databases, including PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Library, and three Chinese databases were searched from inception to 1 July 2022. Studies were included if they performed a review of barriers and facilitators to KMC. Quality assessment of the retrieved reviews was performed by at least two reviewers independently using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) critical appraisal checklist and risk of bias was assessed with the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Systematic Reviews (ROBIS) tool. This umbrella review protocol was documented in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42022327994). RESULTS: We generated 531 studies, and after the removal of duplicates and ineligible studies, six eligible reviews were included in the analysis. The five themes identified were environmental factors, professional factors, parent/family factors, access factors, and cultural factors, and the factors under each theme were divided into barriers or facilitators depending on the specific features of a given scenario. CONCLUSIONS: Support from facility management and leadership and well-trained medical staff are of great significance to the successful integration of KMC into daily medical practice, while the parents of preterm infants and other family members should be educated and encouraged in KMC practice. Further research is needed to propose strategies and develop models for implementing KMC.


Assuntos
Método Canguru , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Criança , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Programas Governamentais
13.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 911623, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406433

RESUMO

Candida albicans is a symbiotic fungus that commonly colonizes on oral mucosal surfaces and mainly affects immuno-compromised individuals. Polymicrobial interactions between C. albicans and oral microbes influence the cellular and biochemical composition of the biofilm, contributing to change clinically relevant outcomes of biofilm-related oral diseases, such as pathogenesis, virulence, and drug-resistance. Notably, the symbiotic relationships between C. albicans and oral bacteria have been well-documented in dental caries, oral mucositis, endodontic and periodontal diseases, implant-related infections, and oral cancer. C. albicans interacts with co-existing oral bacteria through physical attachment, extracellular signals, and metabolic cross-feeding. This review discusses the bacterial-fungal interactions between C. albicans and different oral bacteria, with a particular focus on the underlying mechanism and its relevance to the development and clinical management of oral diseases.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1022076, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352865

RESUMO

The GRAS gene family is a plant-specific family of transcription factors and play a vital role in many plant growth processes and abiotic stress responses. Nevertheless, the functions of the GRAS gene family in woody plants, especially in Betula platyphylla (birch), are hardly known. In this study, we performed a genome-wide analysis of 40 BpGRAS genes (BpGRASs) and identified typical GRAS domains of most BpGRASs. The BpGRASs were unevenly distributed on 14 chromosomes of birch and the phylogenetic analysis of six species facilitated the clustering of 265 GRAS proteins into 17 subfamilies. We observed that closely related GRAS homologs had similar conserved motifs according to motif analysis. Besides, an analysis of the expression patterns of 26 BpGRASs showed that most BpGRASs were highly expressed in the leaves and responded to salt stress. Six BpGRASs were selected for cis-acting element analysis because of their significant upregulation under salt treatment, indicating that many elements were involved in the response to abiotic stress. This result further confirmed that these BpGRASs might participate in response to abiotic stress. Transiently transfected birch plants with transiently overexpressed 6 BpGRASs and RNAi-silenced 6 BpGRASs were generated for gain- and loss-of-function analysis, respectively. In addition, overexpression of BpGRAS34 showed phenotype resistant to salt stress, decreased the cell death and enhanced the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capabilities and proline content under salt treatment, consistent with the results in transiently transformed birch plants. This study is a systematic analysis of the GRAS gene family in birch plants, and the results provide insight into the molecular mechanism of the GRAS gene family responding to abiotic stress in birch plants.

15.
J Mol Model ; 28(12): 389, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385597

RESUMO

In this work, we were devoted to explore the effect of solvent polarities on the excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) process of 1-acetamido-4-hydroxyanthraquinone (AcHAQ) in three different polarity solvents (acetonitrile, chloroform, and cyclohexane) based on the density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) methods, and thereby regulating the distribution ratio between the dual excited-state isomers (enol and keto). The calculated geometrical parameters and infrared (IR) vibrational spectra have confirmed the excited-state intramolecular hydrogen bond (IHB) strengthening mechanism. Natural bond orbital (NBO) population analysis indicates that the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) around IHBs has enhanced IHB, thereby triggering the ESIPT reaction. In addition, results obtained from the scanned potential energy curve (PEC) manifest that ESIPT process prefers to occur along the O3-H2…O1 IHB and energy barriers corresponding to the proton transfer in ACN are the lowest among all the studied solvents.


Assuntos
Prótons , Teoria Quântica , Solventes/química , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação de Hidrogênio
16.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0297722, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377935

RESUMO

Parenteral penicillin is the first-line regimen for treating syphilis. However, allergic reactions and poor drug tolerance still present challenging problems with respect to use of this antibiotic. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ceftriaxone, erythromycin, minocycline, tetracycline, and doxycycline for syphilis treatment, compared with penicillin, to determine which antibiotic could be a better substitute for penicillin. This study included 17 articles, comprising 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 14 observational studies and involving 4,485 syphilis patients. Estimated risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were used to compare the serological response rates. At the 6- and 12-month follow-ups, the serological response rates were compared by direct meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA). Based on direct meta-analysis, the serological response rates at the 3- and 24-month follow-ups were compared. Our NMA showed a higher serological response rate for ceftriaxone than for penicillin at the 6-month follow-up (RR of 1.12, 95% CI of 1.02 to 1.23). Ceftriaxone was equally effective as penicillin for syphilis in terms of serological response rates, and it was a better substitute for penicillin than ceftriaxone, erythromycin, minocycline, tetracycline, or doxycycline. However, more large-scale, high-quality, double-blind trials are still needed to determine whether ceftriaxone can safely replace penicillin for the treatment of syphilis when necessary. IMPORTANCE Parenteral penicillin is the first-line regimen for syphilis treatment. However, allergic reactions and poor drug tolerance still present emerging threatening problems with respect to use of this antibiotic. Our results showed a higher serological response rate for ceftriaxone than for penicillin at the 6-month follow-up. Sufficient data are not available for demonstrating significant differences in the efficacy of the other four antibiotics (erythromycin, minocycline, tetracycline, and doxycycline) for treating syphilis. In the clinical treatment of syphilis in patients who are allergic to penicillin or for whom penicillin is not available, ceftriaxone appears to be a better alternative treatment. This meta-analysis provides a reference for clinical treatment of syphilis. Currently, a lack of sufficient evidence to guide antibiotic treatment of syphilis exists, and a need for more high-quality RCTs is still present. This network meta-analysis can lay a foundation for further research.

17.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; : 106691, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty about whether piperacillin/tazobactam (PT) increases the risk of AKI in patients without concomitant use of vancomycin. We compared risk of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI) among adults treated with PT or anti-pseudomonal ß-lactams (meropenem, ceftazidime), without concomitant use of vancomycin. METHODS: This real-world study analyzed the data from China Renal Data System (CRDS) and assessed the HA-AKI risk in adults hospitalized with infection after exposure to PT or meropenem or ceftazidime, in the absence of concomitant vancomycin. The primary outcome was any stage of HA-AKI according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. A multivariable cox regression model and different propensity score matching models were used. RESULTS: Among the 29,441 adults (mean [SD] age, 62.44 [16.84] years; 17,980 female [61.1%]) included in this study, 14,721 (50%) used PT, 9,081 (31%) used meropenem and 5,639 (19%) ceftazidime. During a median follow-up period of 8 days, 3,476 (6.9%) developed HA-AKI. Use of PT was not associated with statistically increased risk of HA-AKI compared with meropenem [adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.07, 95%CI 0.97-1.19], ceftazidime [aHR: 1.09, 95%CI 0.92-1.3] or both agents (aHR: 1.07, 95% CI 0.97-1.17) after adjusting for confounders. Results were consistent in stratified analyses, propensity score (PS) matching using logistics regression or random forest methods to generate a PS, and in an analysis restricting outcomes to AKI stage 2-3. CONCLUSIONS: Without concomitant vancomycin use, the risk of AKI following PT therapy is comparable with that of meropenem or ceftazidime among adults hospitalized with infection.

18.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360062

RESUMO

Acetaldehyde is regarded as an important flavor compound in alcoholic beverages. With the advantages of rapidity, low cost and high sensitivity, fluorescent probe could be used as a new tool for the detection of acetaldehyde. Here, an effective fluorescence sensing method based on fluorescent probe N1 (FPN1) was established in this study. The function of FPN1 relies on the nucleophile substitution reaction and photoinduced electron transfer (PET), resulting in a fluorescence increase. Remarkably, the pretreatment background removal method (BRM) was successfully applied for removal of the interference of pyruvate and acetal. The linearity range (LR), limit of detection (LOD) and recovery of the fluorescence sensing method with BRM were 0.0053-200 mg/L, 0.0016 mg/L and 94.02-108.12%, respectively, which showed a broader detection range and better performance on sensitivity compared with the traditional quantitation using gas chromatography (GC). Furthermore, successful application of the method in real samples indicated the advantages of low-cost and rapidity for small-scale detection while assuring the accuracy, which provides a new strategy for the detection of acetaldehyde concentration in alcoholic beverages.

19.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 5: 2125-2134, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387603

RESUMO

The effects of different food source proteins on the growth characteristics and intestinal adhesion of Lactobacillus plantarum 45 (LP45) were investigated by adding Ilisha elongata protein, soy protein and whey protein to the probiotic bacteria in vitro and using a probiotic adhesion model based on mouse intestinal tissues. Ilisha elongata protein and soy protein significantly reduced the growth time of LP45 and increased the total number of colonies fermented by LP45; whey protein only reduced the growth time of LP45; the effect of the three food source proteins on the acid production capacity of LP45 was small. These showed that the three food-derived proteins promoted the proliferation and adhesion of probiotics in the intestine, which were beneficial to the active role of intestinal probiotics and improved the intestinal microenvironment.

20.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past four decades, the Chinese government has conducted three surveys on the distribution of causes of death and built cancer registration. In order to shine a new light on better cancer prevention strategies in China, we evaluated the profile of cancer mortality over the forty years and analyzed the policies that have been implemented. METHODS: We described spatial and temporal changes in both cancer mortality and the ranking of major cancer types in China based on the data collected from three national surveys during 1973-1975, 1990-1992, 2004-2005, and the latest cancer registration data published by National Central Cancer Registry of China. The mortality data were compared after conversion to age-standardized mortality rates based on the world standard population (Segi's population). The geographical distribution characteristics were explored by marking hot spots of different cancers on the map of China. RESULTS: From 1973 to 2016, China witnessed an evident decrease in mortality rate of stomach, esophageal, and cervical cancer, while a gradual increase was recorded in lung, colorectal, and female breast cancer. A slight decrease of mortality rate has been observed in liver cancer since 2004. Lung and liver cancer, however, have become the top two leading causes of cancer death for the last twenty years. From the three national surveys, similar profiles of leading causes of cancer death were observed among both urban and rural areas. Lower mortality rates from esophageal and stomach cancer, however, have been demonstrated in urban than in rural areas. Rural areas had similar mortality rates of the five leading causes of cancer death with the small urban areas in 1973-1975. Additionally, rural areas in 2016 also had approximate mortality rates of the five leading causes with urban areas in 2004-2005. Moreover, stomach, esophageal, and liver cancer showed specific geographical distributions. Although mortality rates have decreased at most of the hotspots of these cancers, they were still higher than the national average levels during the same time periods. CONCLUSIONS: Building up a strong primary public health system especially among rural areas may be one critical step to reduce cancer burden in China.

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