Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 295
Filtrar
1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502780

RESUMO

When a traditional visual SLAM system works in a dynamic environment, it will be disturbed by dynamic objects and perform poorly. In order to overcome the interference of dynamic objects, we propose a semantic SLAM system for catadioptric panoramic cameras in dynamic environments. A real-time instance segmentation network is used to detect potential moving targets in the panoramic image. In order to find the real dynamic targets, potential moving targets are verified according to the sphere's epipolar constraints. Then, when extracting feature points, the dynamic objects in the panoramic image are masked. Only static feature points are used to estimate the pose of the panoramic camera, so as to improve the accuracy of pose estimation. In order to verify the performance of our system, experiments were conducted on public data sets. The experiments showed that in a highly dynamic environment, the accuracy of our system is significantly better than traditional algorithms. By calculating the RMSE of the absolute trajectory error, we found that our system performed up to 96.3% better than traditional SLAM. Our catadioptric panoramic camera semantic SLAM system has higher accuracy and robustness in complex dynamic environments.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Semântica
2.
J Nutr ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Associations between vitamin D and stroke remain inconsistent. One major risk factor for stroke is high blood glucose, but the role it plays in this association is not well-studied. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the individual association between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and risk of first stroke stratified by fasting blood glucose (FBG), and the joint associations between plasma 25(OH)D, glycemic status and first stroke in hypertensive adults. METHODS: This study was a nested, case-control design utilizing data from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). This analysis included 591 first stroke cases (of which 475 were ischemic stroke, 114 were hemorrhagic stroke, and 2 were uncertain type) and 591 matched controls. The age range of the study population was 45-75 years. The normal FBG (NFG) group had FBG < 5.6 mmol/L,  and the impaired FBG (IFG) group had FBG ≥ 5.6 mmol/L and < 7.0 mmol/L. Diabetes was defined as participants with FBG ≥ 7 mmol/L or who were receiving treatment with hypoglycemic agents. Odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence intervals) were calculated using unconditional logistic regression models. RESULTS: Multivariable adjusted models revealed an inverse association between quartiles of 25(OH) D and risk of first stroke among participants with NFG, but the opposite trend was observed for those with IFG or diabetes. The largest odds ratios (>2) were observed among patients with diabetes, compared to the reference group of NFG and high 25(OH)D. Those with NFG and low 25(OH)D (OR = 1.73, 95%CI = 1.22 to 2.44) or those with IFG and high 25(OH)D (OR = 1.74, 95%CI = 1.14 to 2.67) both had higher risk of total stroke. There was a significant interaction between 25(OH)D and a combined group of IFG and diabetes (P = 0.001). Similar results were observed for ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: In a hypertensive population, the relation between plasma 25(OH)D and risk of first stroke was significantly modified by fasting blood glucose.Registration-URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.

3.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that selenium (Se) may play an important role in cardio-cerebrovascular disease. However, the relationship between circulating selenium and risk of first stroke remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a secondary analysis of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT), using a nested case-control design, and aimed to investigate the correlation between Se concentration and first stroke risk in adults with hypertension and examine the potential effect modifiers. METHODS: In the CSPPT, a total of 20,702 adults with hypertension were randomly assigned to a double-blind, daily treatment with either 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid or 10 mg enalapril alone. A total of 618 first stroke cases and 618 controls matched for age, sex, treatment group, and study site were included in this study. RESULTS: During a median follow-up duration of 4.5 years (IQR, 4.2-4.6 y), there was a significant inverse association between plasma Se and the risk of first stroke (per SD increment; adjusted OR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.68, 0.96) and ischemic stroke (per SD increment; adjusted OR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.62, 0.93). Furthermore, a stronger inverse association between plasma Se and first stroke was observed in participants with higher folate concentrations at baseline (≥ 7.7 (median), adjusted OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.54, 0.85, versus <7.7 ng/mL adjusted OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.80, 1.21; P for interaction = 0.008), and those with higher time-averaged systolic blood pressure (SBP) over the treatment period (≥ 140, adjusted OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.58, 0.86, versus <140 mmHg, adjusted OR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.77, 1.20; P for interaction = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, there was a significant inverse association between plasma Se and risk of first stroke in Chinese adults with hypertension, especially among those with higher baseline folate concentrations and those with higher time-averaged SBP over the treatment period.Trial registration number: NCT00794885URL of registration: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00794885?term=NCT00794885&draw=2&r.

4.
Hypertens Res ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493836

RESUMO

The current study aimed to explore the association between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and cognitive function assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and to examine possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients. A total of 14,322 hypertensive participants (mean age 64.2 ± 7.4 years; 40.9% male) from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT) were included in the final analysis. CIMT was measured by ultrasound, and data were collected at the last follow-up visit; MMSE was used to evaluate cognitive function. Nonparametric smoothing plots, multivariate linear regression analysis, subgroup analyses and interaction testing were performed to examine the relationship between the CIMI and cognitive function and effect modification. The mean CIMT was 0.74 ± 0.11 mm, and the mean MMSE score was 23.5 ± 4.8. There was a significant interaction (P interaction < 0.05) in both male and female populations stratified by age (<60 vs. ≥60 years), and higher CIMT was significantly associated with decreased MMSE scores only in participants aged ≥60 years (male: ß = -2.29, 95% CI -3.23 to -1.36; female: ß = -1.96, 95% CI -2.97 to -0.95). Males with abnormal HDL-C showed a stronger negative association (ß = -3.16, 95% CI -4.85 to -1.47) than those with normal HDL-C (normal vs. abnormal, P for interaction = 0.004). We observed that increased CIMT was significantly associated with cognitive impairment in the hypertensive population, especially among individuals with an age greater than 60 years and HDL-C deficiency. Overall, upon diagnosis of hypertension, treatment should start at the earliest opportunity to prevent end-organ damage and cognitive decline.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e045495, 2021 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality in a Chinese rural population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted from 2003 to 2018 in Anqing, Anhui Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 17 851 participants aged 25-64 years (49.4% female) attending physical examinations and questionnaire were included in this study. The inclusion criterion was families having a minimum of three participating siblings. The exclusion criteria included participants without family number and BMI data at baseline. OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcome measure was all-cause mortality. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression analysis was performed to determine the association between baseline BMI and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 14.1 years, 730 deaths (8.0%) occurred among men, and 321 deaths (3.6%) occurred among women. The mean BMI for males was 21.3[Formula: see text] kg/m2, and for female it was 22.1±3.1 kg/m2. Baseline BMI was significantly inversely associated with all-cause mortality risk for per SD increase (OR, 0.79 (95% CI, 0.72 to 0.87) for males; OR, 0.88 (95% CI, 0.76 to 1.01) for females). When BMI was stratified with cut points at 20 and 24 kg/m2, compared with the low BMI group, a significantly lower risk of death was found in the high BMI group (BMI ≥24: OR, 0.57 (95% CI, 0.43 to 0.77) in males; 0.65 (95% CI, 0.46 to 0.93) in females) after adjustment for relevant factors. CONCLUSIONS: In this relatively lean rural Chinese population, the risk of all-cause mortality decreased with increasing BMI. The excess risk of all-cause mortality associated with a high BMI was not seen among this rural population.


Assuntos
Mortalidade , População Rural , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 6258865, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422136

RESUMO

While the received traditional predictors are still the mainstay in the diagnosis and prognosis of CVD events, increasing studies have focused on exploring the ancillary effect of biomarkers for the aspiring of precision. Under which circumstances, soluble ST2 (sST2), lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and procalcitonin (PCT) have recently emerged as promising markers in the field of both acute and chronic cardiovascular diseases. Existent clinical studies have demonstrated the significant associations between these markers with various CVD outcomes, which further verified the potentiality of markers in helping risk stratification and diagnostic and therapeutic work-up of patients. The current review article is aimed at illuminating the applicability of these four novels and often neglected cardiac biomarkers in common clinical scenarios, including acute myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, and chronic heart failure, especially in the emergency department. By thorough classification, combination, and discussion of biomarkers with clinical and instrumental evaluation, we hope the current study can provide insights into biomarkers and draw more attention to their importance.

7.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(9): 28, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283210

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the association between hypertensive retinopathy and the risk of first stroke, examine possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients, and test the appropriateness of the Keith-Wagener-Barker (KWB) classification for predicting stroke risk. Methods: In total, 9793 hypertensive participants (3727 males and 6066 females) without stroke history from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial were included in this study. The primary outcome was first stroke. Results: Over a median follow-up of 4.4 years, 592 participants experienced their first stroke (509 ischemic, 77 hemorrhagic, and six unclassifiable strokes). In total, 5590 participants were diagnosed with grade 1 retinopathy (57.08%), 1466 with grade 2 retinopathy (14.97%), 231 with grade 3 retinopathy (2.36%), and three with grade 4 retinopathy (0.03%). Grades 1 and 2 were merged and classified as mild retinopathy, and grades 3 and 4 were merged and classified as severe retinopathy. There was a significant positive association between hypertensive retinopathy and the risk of first stroke and first ischemic stroke, and no effect modifiers were found. The hazard ratios (HRs) for first stroke were as follows: mild versus no retinopathy, 1.26 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.58, P = 0.040), and severe versus no retinopathy, 2.40 (95% CI, 1.49-3.84, P < 0.001). The HRs for ischemic stroke were as follows: severe versus no retinopathy, 2.35 (95% CI, 1.41-3.90, P = 0.001), and nonsignificantly increased HRs for mild versus no retinopathy, 1.26 (95% CI, 0.99-1.60, P = 0.057). Conclusions: There was a significant positive association between hypertensive retinopathy and the risk of first stroke in patients with hypertension, indicating that hypertensive retinopathy may be a predictor of the risk of stroke. A simplified two-grade classification system based on the KWB classification is recommended for predicting stroke risk.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Retinopatia Hipertensiva/complicações , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
8.
Fitoterapia ; 153: 104995, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293438

RESUMO

UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are an important and functionally diverse family of enzymes involved in secondary metabolite biosynthesis. Coumarin is one of the most common skeletons of natural products with candidate pharmacological activities. However, to date, many reported GTs from plants mainly recognized flavonoids as sugar acceptors. Only limited GTs could catalyze the glycosylation of coumarins. In this study, a new UGT was cloned from Cistanche tubulosa, a valuable traditional tonic Chinese herb, which is abundant with diverse glycosides such as phenylethanoid glycosides, lignan glycosides, and iridoid glycosides. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis showed that CtUGT1 is phylogenetically distant from most of the reported flavonoid UGTs and adjacent to phenylpropanoid UGTs. Extensive in vitro enzyme assays found that although CtUGT1 was not involved in the biosynthesis of bioactive glycosides in C. tubulosa, it could catalyze the glucosylation of coumarins umbelliferone 1, esculetine 2, and hymecromone 3 in considerable yield. The glycosylated products were identified by comparison with the reference standards or NMR spectroscopy, and the results indicated that CtUGT1 can regiospecifically catalyze the glucosylation of hydroxyl coumarins at the C7-OH position. The key residues that determined CtUGT1's activity were further discussed based on homology modeling and molecular docking analyses. Combined with site-directed mutagenesis results, it was found that H19 played an irreplaceable role as the crucial catalysis basis. CtUGT1 could be used in the enzymatic preparation of bioactive coumarin glycosides.


Assuntos
Cistanche/enzimologia , Glicosiltransferases/química , China , Cistanche/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Cumarínicos , Glicosilação , Glicosiltransferases/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato
9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200669

RESUMO

The omnidirectional camera, having the advantage of broadening the field of view, realizes 360° imaging in the horizontal direction. Due to light reflection from the mirror surface, the collinearity relation is altered and the imaged scene has severe nonlinear distortions. This makes it more difficult to estimate the pose of the omnidirectional camera. To solve this problem, we derive the mapping from omnidirectional camera to traditional camera and propose an omnidirectional camera linear imaging model. Based on the linear imaging model, we improve the EPnP algorithm to calculate the omnidirectional camera pose. To validate the proposed solution, we conducted simulations and physical experiments. Results show that the algorithm has a good performance in resisting noise.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Lineares
10.
Angiology ; : 33197211021199, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164997

RESUMO

Increased arterial stiffness is highly prevalent in patients with hypertension and is associated with cardiovascular (CV) risk. Increased white blood cell (WBC) counts may also be an independent risk factor for arterial stiffness and CV events. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between differential WBC counts and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in hypertensive adults. A total of 14 390 participants were included in the final analysis. A multivariate linear regression model was applied for the correlation analysis of WBC count and baPWV. Higher WBC counts were associated with a greater baPWV: adjusted ß = 10 (95% CI, 8-13, P < .001). The same significant association was also found when WBC count was assessed as categories or quartiles. In addition, the effect of differential WBC subtypes, including neutrophil count and lymphocyte count on baPWV, showed the similar results. These findings showed that baPWV has positive associations with differential WBC counts in hypertensive adults.

11.
Eur J Public Health ; 31(3): 613-618, 2021 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary recommendations regarding egg intake remain controversial topic for public health. We hypothesized that there was a positive association between egg consumption and all-cause mortality. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we enrolled 9885 adults from a community-based cohort in Anhui Province, China during 2003-05. Egg consumption was assessed by food questionnaire. Stratified analyses were performed for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, smoking, drinking and laboratory tests. RESULTS: After an average follow-up of 14.1 years, 9444 participants were included for analysis. A total of 814 deaths were recorded. Participants' BMI and lipid profile had no significantly difference between three egg consumption groups. BMI was 21.6±2.7 of the whole population, especially BMI>24 was only 17.3%. A bivariate association of egg consumption >6/week with increased all-cause mortality was observed compared with ≤6/week (RR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.73, P = 0.018). A significant interaction was observed for BMI ≥ 21.2 kg/m2 vs. BMI<21.2 kg/m2 (P for interaction: 0.001). No other significant interactions were found. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, consuming >6 eggs/week increased risk of all-cause mortality, even among lean participants, especially who with BMI ≥ 21.2 kg/m2. Eggs are an easily accessible and constitute an affordable food source in underdeveloped regions. Consuming <6 eggs/week may be the most suitable intake mode.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ovos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Appl Opt ; 60(11): 3094-3102, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983205

RESUMO

We propose a compact dual-channel panoramic annular lens (PAL) with a large aperture and high resolution to solve three major shortcomings of conventional PAL systems: resolution, imaging quality, and compactness. Using polarization technology, the system integrates two optical channels to eliminate the central blind area. Using our PAL aperture ray-tracing model, the large aperture PAL system with a low F-number of 2.5 and a diameter ratio of 1.5 is realized. The field of view (FoV) of the front channel is 360∘×(0∘-45∘), and the FoV of the side channel is 360∘×(45∘-100∘). Both channels apply Q-type aspheres. The Airy radii of the front channel and the side channel are 1.801 and 1.798 µm, respectively. It indicates that they match the 1.8 µm pixel sensor and can form a great image on the same sensor. The modulation transfer function at 157 lp/mm is greater than 0.4 over the entire FoV. The F-θ distortion is less than 5%, and the relative illuminance is higher than 0.78 in the two channels. The excellent imaging results prove the feasibility of our PAL design method and the advantages of the compact dual-channel PAL system for space-constrained scenes.

13.
Biol Sex Differ ; 12(1): 39, 2021 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no clearly defined association between plasma selenium levels and first stroke. We aimed to investigate the association between baseline plasma selenium and first stroke risk in a community-based Chinese population. METHODS: Using a nested case-control study design, a total of 1255 first stroke cases and 1255 matched controls were analyzed. Participant plasma selenium concentrations were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the association of plasma selenium with first stroke risk was estimated by conditional logistic regression models. RESULTS: Overall, a non-linear negative association between plasma selenium and first total stroke and first ischemic stroke risks was found in males but not in females. Compared with participants with lower selenium levels (tertile 1-2, < 94.1 ng/mL), participants with higher selenium levels (tertile 3, ≥ 94.1 ng/mL) had significantly lower risks of first total stroke (OR 0.63; 95% CI 0.48, 0.83) and first ischemic stroke (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.45, 0.83) in males but not in females with first total stroke (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.69, 1.22) and first ischemic stroke (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.65, 1.22). Furthermore, a stronger association between plasma selenium and first total stroke was found in males with higher vitamin E levels (≥ 13.5 µg/mL vs. < 13.5 µg/mL P-interaction = 0.007). No significant association was observed between plasma selenium and first hemorrhagic stroke risk in either males or females. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated a significant, non-linear, negative association between plasma selenium and first stroke in males but not in females. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1800017274 .

14.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 801-810, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017170

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels have displayed protection against cardiovascular disease. However, the association between specific lipoprotein classes and first ischemic stroke (IS) has not been well defined, particularly in higher-risk hypertensive populations. Our study evaluated the associations of HDL-C with first IS in a Chinese hypertensive population. Methods: The study population was obtained from a community-based cohort study of hypertension in Lianyungang and Rongcheng, China. A nested case-control design was used that included 2463 identified first IS cases and 2463 controls matched by age ± 1 year, sex, and region. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, HDL-C was inversely associated with first IS (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-0.98). HDL-C levels of at least 65.4 mg/dL displayed a significant protective effect for first IS (aOR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.69-0.98). Conversely, adverse effects of first IS were observed for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels ≥138.1 mg/dL (aOR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.02-1.42) and triglyceride (TG) levels ≥140.8 mg/dL (aOR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.09-1.49). The risk associations of LDL-C and TG with first IS were attenuated in the presence of high HDL-C (≥53.0 mg/dL); an increased risk of first IS was only found in the presence of low HDL-C (<53.0 mg/dL) when LDL-C (aOR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.19-2.31) and TG (aOR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.17-1.84) were combined with HDL-C for analysis. Conclusion: In this community-based Chinese hypertensive population, higher HDL-C was a significant protective factor of first IS. These data add to the evidence describing the relationship between lipids and IS and suggest that HDL-C maybe is a marker of IS risk in Chinses hypertensive population.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
15.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 696, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, smoking is one of the leading four risk factors contributing to deaths in China. We aimed to evaluate the associations of smoking with all-cause mortality in a Chinese rural population. METHODS: Male participants over age 45 (n = 5367) from a large familial aggregation study in rural China, were included in the current analyses. A total of 528 former smokers and 3849 current smokers accounted for 10 and 71.7% of the cohort, respectively. Generalized Estimating Equations were used to evaluate the association between baseline smoking status and mortality, adjusting for pertinent covariates. RESULTS: There were 579 recorded deaths during the 15-year follow-up. Current smokers (odds ratio [OR],1.60; 95% CI,1.23-2.08) had higher all-cause mortality risks than nonsmokers. Relative to nonsmokers, current smokers of more than 40 pack-years ([OR],1.85; 95% CI,1.33-2.56) had a higher all-cause mortality risk. Compared to nonsmokers, current smokers who started smoking before age 20 ([OR],1.91; 95% CI,1.43-2.54) had a higher all-cause mortality risk, and former smokers in the lower pack-year group who quit after age 41 (median) ([OR],3.19; 95% CI,1.83-5.56) also had a higher risk of death after adjustment. Furthermore, former smokers who were also former drinkers had the highest significant risk of mortality than never smokers or drinkers. (P for interaction = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that current smokers and former smokers have a higher mortality risk than nonsmokers and would benefit from cessation at a younger age.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 66: 126755, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838565

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between baseline plasma zinc and the development of proteinuria as well as possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients. METHODS: This is a subset of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT) Renal Sub-Study. In the CSPPT, participants were randomized to receive a daily oral dose of 1 tablet containing 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid or 1 tablet containing 10 mg enalapril only. A total of 783 participants with plasma zinc measurements and without proteinuria at baseline were included in the current study. The study outcome was the development of proteinuria during the follow-up, defined as a urine dipstick reading of trace or ≥1+ at the exit visit. RESULTS: During a median follow-up duration of 4.4 years, the development of proteinuria occurred in 93 (11.9 %) participants. There was an inverse relation of baseline plasma zinc with the development of proteinuria (per SD increment; OR, 0.74, 95 % CI: 0.55-0.99), p for trend of quartiles = 0.005. CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese hypertensive patients, there was a significant inverse association between baseline plasma zinc and the development of proteinuria, although plasma zinc remained in the reference range.

17.
Eat Weight Disord ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Visceral adiposity index (VAI) is a reliable indicator for the distribution and function of adipose tissue in the body. The relation of VAI with new-onset type 2 diabetes and new-onset impaired fasting glucose (IFG) remains uncertain. We aimed to investigate the prospective relation of VAI with new-onset type 2 diabetes and new-onset IFG in Chinese hypertensive adults. METHODS: A total of 14,838 hypertensive adults free of type 2 diabetes at baseline were included from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial. The primary outcome was new-onset type 2 diabetes, defined as physician-diagnosed diabetes or use of glucose-lowering drugs during follow-up, or fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L at the exit visit. The secondary outcome was new-onset IFG, defined as fasting glucose < 6.1 mmol/L at baseline, while fasting glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/L and < 7.0 mmol/L at the exit visit. RESULTS: Over a median of 4.5 years' follow-up, 1612 (10.9%) participants developed type 2 diabetes. When VAI was categorized into quartiles, compared with participants in quartile 1-3 (< 2.80), significantly higher risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes (OR 1.30; 95% CI 1.08-1.56) and new-onset IFG (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.08-1.52) was found in those in quartile 4 (≥ 2.80). Moreover, the positive associations were consistent in participants with or without single abnormal VAI components, including general obesity, abdominal obesity, elevated triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels; or with different numbers of abnormal VAI components (all P interactions > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested a positive relation of VAI with the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes and new-onset IFG in Chinese hypertensive patients, independent of its components. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, a well-designed cohort.

18.
Hypertens Res ; 44(7): 830-839, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564178

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between neutrophil counts and first stroke and examine possible effect modifiers among treated hypertensive adults. This is a post hoc analysis of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). A total of 11,878 hypertensive adults with data on neutrophil counts at baseline were included in the current study. The primary outcome was first stroke. During a median follow-up of 4.5 years, 414 (3.5%) participants experienced a first stroke, including 358 with ischemic stroke, 55 with hemorrhagic stroke and one with uncertain type of stroke. Compared with participants in quartile 1 (<2.9 × 109/L) of neutrophil counts, those in the upper quartiles (quartile 2-4 [≥2.9 × 109/L]) had a significantly higher risk of first stroke (HR, 1.35; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.78) or first ischemic stroke (HR, 1.38; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.86). Moreover, a strong positive association between neutrophil counts and first ischemic stroke was found in participants with total homocysteine (tHcy) levels <15 µmol/L (HR, 1.74; 95% CI: 1.17, 2.58; vs. ≥15 µmol/L; HR, 0.91; 95% CI: 0.57, 1.46, P interaction = 0.042) at baseline or time-averaged mean arterial pressure (MAP) ≥102 mmHg (median) (HR, 1.92; 95% CI: 1.27, 2.89; vs. <102 mmHg; HR, 0.89; 95% CI: 0.57, 1.41, P interaction = 0.015) during the treatment period. However, no such association between neutrophil counts and first hemorrhagic stroke was found. In summary, high baseline neutrophil counts were associated with an increased risk of first ischemic stroke among hypertensive patients, especially in those with low tHcy at baseline or high time-averaged MAP during the treatment period.

19.
Clin Nutr ; 40(6): 4255-4262, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the relation of several folate forms (5-methyltetrahydrofolate [5-mTHF], unmetabolized folic acid [UMFA], non-methyl folate, and MeFox [pyrazino-s-triazine derivative of 4α-hydroxy-5-methyltetrahydrofolate]) with the risk of mortality. METHODS: Using data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014, a total of 10,661 people with folate forms data were recruited. Death information was obtained from the National Death Index until 2015. Cox proportional hazards regression models were developed to evaluate the relationship between folate forms and mortality. RESULTS: During 2.99 years of follow-up, 344 (2.6%) deaths occurred. Overall, significantly higher risks of all-cause mortality were found in participants with higher level of serum 5-mTHF (≥51.3 nmol/L [quartile 4] vs. 23.9-51.3 nmol/L [quartile 2-3]; HR, 1.61; 95% CI: 1.03-2.53), UMFA (≥1.1 nmol/L [quartile 4] vs. <1.1 nmol/L [quartile 1-3]; HR, 1.55; 95% CI: 1.15-2.09), non-methyl folate (≥1.7 nmol/L [quartile 4] vs. 1.2-1.7 nmol/L [quartile 3]; HR, 1.62; 95% CI: 1.06-2.48), or MeFox (≥2.5 nmol/L [quartile 4] vs. <2.5 nmol/L [quartile 1-3]; HR, 1.54; 95% CI: 1.11-2.12). In addition, there was an increased risk of all-cause mortality for those with low level of serum 5-mTHF (<23.9 nmol/L [quartile 1] vs. 23.9-51.3 nmol/L [quartile 2-3]; HR, 1.66; 95% CI: 1.12-2.47). Most importantly, none of any folate forms significantly modified the association between other folate forms and mortality (all P for interactions >0.05). CONCLUSION: Higher levels of serum folate forms (5-mTHF, UMFA, non-methyl folate, and MeFox) were associated with higher risk of mortality while 5-mTHF insufficiency also showed a negative impact on mortality. Our findings emphasized the importance of monitoring the folate forms concentrations and may help counsel future related clinical trials.

20.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Uncertainty remains regarding the association between the risk of stroke and plasma copper levels in population with copper mostly in normal range due to limited data. We examined the association between baseline plasma copper and risk of first stroke in Chinese community-dwelling population. METHODS: We conducted a nested case control study from 'H-type Hypertension and Stroke Prevention and Control Project'. A total of 1255 first stroke cases and 1255 controls matched for age, sex and study site were included in the analysis. Conditional logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between plasma copper and first stroke. RESULTS: The overall mean of copper was 15.90 (2.66) µmol/L. In total, 94.26% participants' copper concentration was in the normal range by Mayo Clinic laboratory reference values. Smoothing curve showed that the associations of plasma copper with first stroke and its subtypes were linear. Each standard deviation (SD) increment of plasma copper was independently and positively associated with risk of first stroke [odds ratio (OR): 1.17, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-1.28]. The multivariable ORs with 95% CIs for total stroke, ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke in the highest versus the lowest quartile of plasma copper were 1.49 (1.16-1.90; P-trend = 0.001), 1.46 (1.12-1.92; P-trend = 0.004) and 2.05 (0.95-4.38; P-trend = 0.050), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline plasma copper was positively associated with risk of first ischemic stroke in an approximately linear fashion among Chinese community population (80.32% hypertensives), although their copper levels were mostly within the normal range according to current reference values. Our findings warrant additional investigation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...