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1.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 1403-1414, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926343

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the implication of REDD1 on airborne particle matter-induced lung injury and whether it is mediated through autophagy. Cell viability in BEAS-2B cells induced by PM2.5 was measured by CCK-8. RT-qPCR and Western blot were performed to determine mRNA and protein levels of REDD1 as well as inflammatory cytokines, respectively. Cell apoptosis was observed with TUNEL staining. The expression of autophagy-related genes was detected by Western blot. Autophagy level was observed with GFP-LC3 staining. PM2.5 induced the expression of REDD1 in BEAS-2B cells. The inhibition by silencing REDD1 ameliorated the viability damage, blocked the inflammatory response and reduced the number of apoptotic BEAS-2B cells all induced by PM2.5. It was also found that PM2.5 induced autophagy in BEAS-2B cells, which was reversed by interference with REDD1. Furthermore, interference with REDD1 alleviated PM2.5-induced cell damage, inflammatory response and apoptosis in BEAS-2B cells through inhibiting autophagy. REDD1/autophagy inhibition ameliorates PM2.5-induced viability damage, inflammation and apoptosis in BEAS-2B cells.

2.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(6): 2597-2611, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646374

RESUMO

The bioethanol fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae is often challenged by bacterial contamination, especially lactic acid bacteria (LAB). LAB can inhibit the growth S. cerevisiae by secreting organic acids and competing for nutrients and physical space. However, the range of favorable effects attributed to LAB during bioethanol fermentation, and their associated mechanisms of regulation, are not fully understood. This study was performed to clarify the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum, an important contaminative LAB in bioethanol fermentation, on the mechanism of ethanol tolerance in S. cerevisiae. The results showed that the presence of L. plantarum increased the ethanol tolerance of S. cerevisiae by promoting or inhibiting various metabolic processes in the yeast cells: The metabolism of trehalose, ergosterol, certain amino acids, proton pumps, stress response transcriptional activators, and heat shock proteins were all promoted; amounts of intracellular monounsaturated fatty acids and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species were inhibited. Furthermore, the maintenance of the acquired higher ethanol tolerance of S. cerevisiae was dependent on the coexistence of L. plantarum. These results suggested a complex relationship existed between S. cerevisiae and the contaminating LAB that might also play a beneficial role during fermentation by promoting the ethanol tolerance of yeast. The results from this study suggested that the extent of controlling bacterial contamination on bioethanol fermentation efficiency should be given careful consideration. KEY POINTS: • L. plantarum improved the ethanol tolerance of S. cerevisiae. • L. plantarum regulated the ethanol tolerance-related metabolism of yeast cells. • L. plantarum coexistence facilitated maintenance of ethanol tolerance in yeast cells.

3.
Cell Commun Signal ; 19(1): 20, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intercellular communication is crucial for breast cancer progression and metastasis. However, the role of cancer-derived exosomes and their crucial microRNA (miRNA) cargoes mediating intercellular communication requires further investigation. METHODS: Cancer-derived exosomes were isolated using differential centrifugation and differentially expressed miRNAs were determined by microarrays and qRT-PCR analysis. Cell proliferation, wound-healing, Transwell invasion, and tumor xenograft assays were used for functional research. Plasma exosomal RNA was isolated to verify its role as a prognostic biomarker. RESULTS: We found that the tumor-promoting capacity of the exosomes was positively related to their cells of origin. MiR-7641 was identified to be the most differentially expressed miRNA, both at endogenous and secretory levels in high-metastatic cancer cells. MiR-7641 could promote tumor cell progression and metastasis, and that these functions of miR-7641 could alter recipient cells via transportation of exosomes. Additionally, exosomal miR-7641 could promote tumor growth in vivo; and its levels were significantly elevated in the plasma of patients with distant metastasis. Bioinformatics analysis has suggested that miR-7641 is correlated with breast cancer survival, and several important cellular and biological processes are closely targeted by miR-7641. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate miR-7641 to be an important component of the cancer exosomes in promoting tumor progression and metastasis via intercellular communication. Additionally, exosomal miR-7641 may serve as a promising non-invasive diagnostic biomarker and potential targetable candidate in breast cancer treatment. Video Abstract.

4.
Viruses ; 13(1)2020 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375397

RESUMO

Membrane proteins of enveloped viruses have been reported to undergo palmitoylation, a post-translational modification often having a critical role in the function of these viral proteins and hence viral replication. In this study, we report that the foamy virus (FV) envelope (Env) glycoprotein is palmitoylated. Specifically, we found that bovine foamy virus (BFV) Env (BEnv) is palmitoylated at amino acid positions C58 and C59 by BDHHC3 and BDHHC20 in a DHHC motif-dependent manner. In addition, mutations C58S and C58/59S significantly decrease cell surface expression of BEnv, subviral particle (SVP) egress, and its membrane fusion activity, thus ultimately inhibiting BFV replication. The C59S mutation exerts a minor effect in this regard. Taken together, these data demonstrate that the function of BEnv in the context of BFV replication is under the regulation of palmitoylation.


Assuntos
Spumavirus/fisiologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Replicação Viral , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Membrana Celular , Células Cultivadas , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Transporte Proteico , Infecções por Retroviridae/veterinária , Internalização do Vírus , Liberação de Vírus
5.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143616, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218808

RESUMO

There is limited evidence on the relationships between plasma levels of multiple metals and risk of incident cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We examined the associations between plasma levels of 12 metals (iron, copper, zinc, selenium, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, arsenic, cadmium, and lead) and cancer risk in 4573 T2DM patients using Cox proportional hazards models. With a median follow-up of 10.2 years, 541 incident cancers were identified. The multiple-metals model revealed that each 1-SD increase in ln-transformed plasma copper (HR: 1.14; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.27) and lead (HR:1.20; 95%CI:1.03, 1.39) were significantly associated with increased cancer incidence while each 1-SD increase in ln-transformed plasma zinc (HR: 0.82; 95%CI: 0.71, 0.96) and chromium (HR: 0.88; 95%CI: 0.82, 0.94) were significantly associated with decreased cancer incidence. When all participants were further stratified into four subgroups by the quartile levels (Q1-4) of plasma metals, manganese showed significant positive associations with cancer incidence in the upper two quartiles (P trend = 0.003) while nickel showed significant negative associations with cancer incidence in Q2 and 4 groups (P trend = 0.033) compared with participants in Q1 group. Collectively, monitoring of metal levels in diabetic patients needs to be strengthened, which is of great significance for the prevention of incident cancer.

6.
J Cancer ; 11(24): 7091-7100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193872

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnosis accuracy and prognostic significance of bio-marker dickkopf-1(DKK-1) protein in GIC, and also sub-type of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), pancreas carcinomas (PC), oesophageal carcinoma (EPC) and Adenocarcinoma of esophago-gastric junction (AEGJ), etc. Methods: Electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2020. Patients were diagnosed with gastrointestinal carcinomas, and provided data on the correlation between high and low DKK-1 expression and diagnosis or prognosis. Results: Forty-three publications involving 9318 participants were included in the network meta-analysis, with 31 of them providing data for diagnosis value and 18 records were eligible for providing prognosis value of DKK-1. DKK-1 has a moderate diagnostic value for overall GIC, HCC and PC. In addition, for the combined diagnosis value of DKK-1 +AFP, high diagnostic accuracy value could be determined in HCC and early HCC group, respectively. Whereas, diagnosis efficiency of DKK-1+CA19-9 was also better than that of DKK-1 alone with AUC value is above 0.95. For the prognosis meta-analysis of histopathological stratification, we found that EPC and AEGJ ranked the best for the histopathological stratification of prognosis from network meta-analysis. This systematic review protocol was registered with the PROSPERO registry (No.CRD42020167910). Conclusion: DKK-1 has good diagnostic accuracy, especially combination of DKK-1+AFP in HCC and DKK-1+CA19-9 in PC, whereas modest prognostic significant in GIC. Future head-to-head researches are warranted for DKK-1 expression in HCC and PC tissue.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19481, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173112

RESUMO

To verify whether omitting radiotherapy from breast cancer treatment for patients ≥ 70 years old following breast-conserving surgery (BCS) without axillary lymph node dissection is safe. Previous studies have shown that omitting breast radiotherapy after BCS and axillary lymph node dissection is safe for elderly breast cancer patients. We aimed to evaluate the safety of BCS without axillary surgery or breast radiotherapy (BCSNR) in elderly patients with breast cancer and clinically negative axillary lymph nodes. We performed a retrospective analysis of 481 patients with breast cancer, aged ≥ 70 years, between 2010 and 2016. Of these, 302 patients underwent BCSNR and 179 underwent other, larger scope operations. Local recurrence rate, ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) rate, distant metastasis rate, breast-related death, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups. After a median follow-up of 60 months, no significant differences in local recurrence, distant metastasis rate, breast-related death, and DFS were noted. The OS was similar (P = 0.56) between the BCSNR group (91.7%) and other operations group (93.0%). The IBTR rate was considered low in both groups, however resulted greater (P = 0.005) in the BCSNR group (5.3%) than in other operations group (1.6%). BCSNR did not affect the survival of elderly patients with breast cancer with clinically negative axillary lymph nodes. IBTR was infrequent in both groups; however, there was a significant difference between the two groups. BCSNR is a feasible treatment modality for patients with breast cancer ≥ 70 years old with clinically negative axillary lymph nodes.

8.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128505, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068969

RESUMO

We sought to evaluate whether essential and toxic metals are cross-sectionally related to blood lipid levels using data among adults from Shimen (n = 564) and Huayuan (n = 637), two counties with different exposure profiles in Hunan province of China. Traditional and grouped weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) were performed to assess association between exposure to a mixture of 22 metals measured in urine or plasma, and lipid markers. Most of the exposure levels of metals were significantly higher in Shimen area than those in Huayuan area (all P-values < 0.001). Traditional WQS regression analyses revealed that the WQS index were both significantly associated with lipid markers in two areas, except for the HDL-C. Grouped WQS revealed that essential metals group showed significantly positive associations with lipid markers except for HDL-C in Huayuan area, while toxic metals group showed significantly negative associations except for HDL-C and LDL-C in Huayuan area. There were no significant joint effects, but potential non-linear relationships between metals mixture and TC or LDL-C levels were observed in BKMR analyses. Although consistent significantly associations of zinc and titanium with TG levels were found in both areas, the metals closely related to other lipid markers were varied by sites. Additionally, the BKMR analyses revealed an inverse U shaped association of iron with LDL-C levels and interaction effects of zinc and cadmium on LDL-C in Huayuan area. The relationship between metal exposure and blood lipid were not identical against different exposure profiles.

9.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 50(5): 674-680, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish a new external quality assessment (EQA) of chromosomal karyotype analysis. METHODS: Chimeric assembly A1 was established by collecting chimeric chromosome images prepared artificially from chromosomally abnormal amniocytes remaining after prenatal diagnosis. Chimeric assembly B1 and nonchimeric assembly C1 were constructed through the collection of chimeric and nonchimeric chromosome images from prenatal diagnosis, respectively. Then, chromosome images were selected randomly from assemblies A1, B1, or C1 to send to 20 technicians via email to verify the validity of a new EQA of chromosomal karyotype analysis. RESULTS: According to the EQA of 20 technicians, 47,XX,+mar from assembly A was easily misdiagnosed as 47,XX,+19 or 47,XXY, and 45,XX,t(13;22) (q10;q10) was misdiagnosed as 45,XX,13S+,-22. The total misdiagnosis rate was 3.8%. For assembly B, 46,X,+mar and 46,X,idic(Y) were easily misdiagnosed as 46,XY and 46,X,+mar, respectively. In addition, some testers missed 47,XXX in 47,XXX[2]/46,XX[48], as well as 47,XX,+18 in 46,XX [47]/47,XX,+18[3], and 45,X and 47,XXX in 46,XX[47]/45,X[2]/47,XXX[1]. The total misdiagnosis rate was 4.2%. All karyo-types from assembly C were correctly diagnosed, although incorrect descriptions used for 4% of cases. CONCLUSION: The quality of chromosome karyotype analysis can be comprehensively evaluated by a new EQA based on assembly A1 or B1.

10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983995

RESUMO

Background: The breast epithelial cells in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) actually have specific estrogen receptor (ER) expression, and the abnormal glycosylation of UGT1A1 in TNBC cells resulted in abnormal expression and function of ERα through regulating the modification of ERα. Therefore, our study targets the role of UGT1A1 expression, then glycosylation modification of ERα (estrogen receptor α) and estrogen resistance in development of TNBC. Methods: The differential expression of mRNA and miRNA in TNBC tissues was tested. Luciferase activity was analyzed in TNBC cells treated with miR-452. Moreover, the human mammary gland and TNBC cell lines were dealt with estrogen and miR-452 or its inhibitors, then proliferation ability was further determined. Moreover, the role of interaction between UGT1A1 and ERα in the glycosylation modification of ERα and UGT activity, and metabolism of estrogen were assessed. The effects of miR-452 on TNBC by improving abnormal glycosylation modification of ERα by targeting UGT1A1 and estrogen resistance were studied in vitro and in vivo. Results: The expression level of UGT1A1 in TNBC tumor tissues was higher than its matched para-tumorous tissues, but the miR-452 expression was opposite. The glycosylation modification site of ERα expressed in TNBC cells was different from that of normal mammary epithelial cells. The estrogen 17ß-estradiol (E2) significantly promoted mitotic entry of TNBC cells. The interaction between UGT1A1 and ERα affected the expression level of each other, as well as the UGT enzyme activity and proliferation of TNBC cells. UGT1A1 induced production of intracellular estrogens and TNBC proliferation, but it could be reversed by overexpression of ERα. Upregulation of ERα caused the downregulation of UGT1A1 and marked decrease of intracellular estrogen products, and then suppressed TNBC proliferation. Moreover, UGT1A1 was the target gene of miR-452; miR-452 antagomir restrained TNBC xenograft. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that estrogen was a positive factor in the proliferation of TNBC cells at onset of mitosis through accentuating the expression and enzyme activity of UGT1A1. However, miR-452 targeted to UGT1A1, then regulated glycosylation modification of ERα, estrogen metabolism, and TNBC development associated with estrogen resistance.

11.
Chemosphere ; 254: 126763, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957263

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies suggest that circulating metals from the natural environment are linked with cardiometabolic health. However, few studies examined the relationship between multiple metals exposure and metabolic phenotypes, especially in obese individuals. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the association between 23 urinary metals and metabolic phenotypes in 1392 overweight and obese individuals (592 males, 800 females, mean age 43.1 ± 9.8 years). Participants were classified as metabolically unhealthy if they had ≥2 of the following metabolic abnormalities: elevated blood pressure, elevated fasting blood glucose, elevated triglycerides, and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Odds ratios (ORs) of unhealthy metabolic phenotypes for metal levels categorized into tertiles were assessed using logistic regression models. Five metals (barium, copper, iron, uranium, and zinc) were associated with unhealthy metabolic phenotypes in single-metal models, while in the multiple-metal model, only zinc and zinc-copper ratio remained significant. The ORs (95% CIs) comparing extreme tertiles were 2.57 (1.69, 3.89) for zinc and 1.68 (1.24, 2.27) for zinc-copper ratio after adjustment for confounders (both p-trends were <0.001). The numbers of metabolic abnormalities significantly increased with the levels of zinc and the zinc-copper ratio increased. Similar associations were observed with metabolic syndrome risk. High levels of urinary zinc were positively associated with elevated fasting blood glucose (p-trend < 0.001) and elevated triglycerides (p-trend = 0.003). The results suggest that urinary zinc and zinc-copper ratio are positively associated with increased risk of unhealthy metabolic phenotype. Further prospective studies with a larger sample size are required to verify these findings.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental , Metais/urina , Obesidade , Adulto , HDL-Colesterol , Cobre , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Ferro , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Sobrepeso , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Zinco
12.
FEBS Open Bio ; 10(10): 2137-2148, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881382

RESUMO

Foamy viruses (FVs) are classified in the subfamily Spumaretrovirinae and bridge the gap between Orthoretrovirinae and Hepadnaviridae. FVs have strong cytopathic effects against cells cultured in vitro. However, they establish lifelong latent infections without evident pathology in the host. The roles of cellular factors in FV replication are poorly understood. To better understand this area, we determined the transcriptomes of HT1080 cells infected with prototype foamy virus (PFV) to measure the effect of PFV infection on the expression of cellular genes. We found that the level of RelB mRNA, a member of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) protein family, was significantly decreased as a result of PFV infection, and this was further confirmed with real-time PCR. Interestingly, overexpression of RelB reduced PFV replication, whereas its depletion using small interfering RNA increased PFV replication. This inhibitory effect of RelB results from diminished transactivation of the viral long terminal repeat (LTR) promoter and an internal promoter (IP) by viral Tas protein. Together, these data demonstrate that PFV infection downregulates the viral inhibitory host factor RelB, which otherwise restricts viral gene expression.

13.
Laryngoscope ; 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distant metastatic patterns and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in de novo metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (mNPC) using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: Patients with de novo mNPC who had been diagnosed between 2004 and 2016 were identified from the SEER database. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate OS and CSS. Log-rank tests were employed to measure survival variation among subgroups. Individual predictors of CSS and OS were examined using Cox proportional-hazards regression models in patients with de novo mNPC. RESULTS: We evaluated 224 patients with de novo mNPC who matched our inclusion criteria. Three-year CSS and OS for the whole cohort was 29.8% and 27.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that CSS and OS were influenced by age, histology, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and liver metastasis. Neither the number of metastatic sites nor their specific location in bone, lungs, distant lymph nodes or brain significantly affected CSS or OS. The aforementioned independent prognosticators continued to significantly influence survival following multivariate analysis. Taking distant metastasis without liver involvement as a reference, liver metastasis was associated significantly with shorter OS at a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.581 (P = .021) and CSS at a HR of 1.643 (P = .016). Older age, keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma, no chemotherapy, and no radiotherapy were also prognosticators for poor OS (P < .05). Similar results were documented for CSS (P < .05). CONCLUSION: For patients with de novo mNPC, liver metastasis is an independent prognosticator for inferior CSS and OS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3a Laryngoscope, 2020.

14.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1371, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850439

RESUMO

Introduction: The role and underlying mechanisms of miR-27b-3p in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains unclear. Methods: miR-27b-3p expression level was evaluated in 99 TNBC patients with a median follow-up time of 133 months. The biological functions of miR-27b-3p by targeting PPARG were assessed by luciferase reporter assay, CCK-8 assay, Transwell assay, wound healing assay, western blot analysis and xenograft models. Results: High level of miR-27b-3p expression was found to confer poor prognosis in TNBC patients. MiR-27b-3p overexpression increased TNBC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis. Our data suggested peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) was a target of miR-27b-3p. The capacity of miR-27b-3p to induce TNBC progression and metastasis depended on its inhibition of the PPARG expression. Furthermore, restoring PPARG expression reversed the effect of miR-27b-3p overexpression. Mechanistically, miR-27b-3p regulated metastasis-related pathways through PPARG by promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition. By suppressing PPARG, miR-27b-3p could also activate transcription factors Snail and NF-κB, thereby promoting metastasis. Conclusions: miR-27b-3p promotes TNBC progression and metastasis by inhibiting PPARG. MiR-27b-3p may be a potential prognostic marker of TNBC, and PPARG may be a potential molecular therapeutic target of TNBC.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21560, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769897

RESUMO

Breast cancer and ovarian cancer are closely related. The major common risk factors of these 2 types of cancer are likely genetic factors. However, few studies have shown any common characteristics in patients who have both types of these 2 cancers. The purpose of this retrospective study is to explore the clinical characteristics and survival outcomes of patients with both primary breast cancer and primary ovarian cancer.A cohort of patients who had a history of both primary breast cancer and primary ovarian cancer were enrolled, and they received treatment in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2018. Both descriptive statistics analysis and survival analysis were performed for analysis.A total of 114 patients with both primary breast cancer and primary ovarian cancer were included in the study. The median (range) follow-up was 129.5 (20-492) months. The average interval time between the diagnosis of 2 types of cancer was 79.4 months in patients having ovarian cancer firstly and was 115.9 months in patients having breast cancer firstly. The 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) rates were 91.5% and 81.7% for patients with ovarian cancer following breast cancer, respectively, and 90.6% and 87.5% for patients with breast cancer following ovarian cancer, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that independent predictors of OS were the age of diagnosis of the first tumor and the time interval between two types of tumor in patients with ovarian cancer following breast cancer.Most breast cancer or ovarian cancer occurred within 5 years after being diagnosed with the first tumor, and the interval time was significantly shorter in patients with previous ovarian cancer. The prognosis is likely positively correlated to the interval time between the occurrences of two types of cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
16.
BMC Med Genomics ; 13(1): 109, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to determine whether Levey-Jennings charts, which are widely used in clinical laboratories, can be used to create standardized internal quality controls (IQCs) for prenatal molecular diagnosis. METHODS: Aneuploid amniocyte lines with trisomy 13, 21, and 18, and 47,XXY were established by transfection with SV40LTag-pcDNA3.1(-)and combined at different ratios to generate aneuploidy chimeric quality-control cell mixtures A to H. These quality-control cells were then used to calculate the [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] ±1 standard deviation (SD), [Formula: see text] ±2 SD, and [Formula: see text] ±3 SD values to develop standardized IQCs for methods used for the prenatal diagnosis of aneuploidies such as FISH. RESULTS: Methods for constructing aneuploid amniocyte lines were developed and a set of quality-control cells (A-H) were prepared. The [Formula: see text] ±1 SD, [Formula: see text] ±2 SD, and [Formula: see text] ±3 SD values of these quality-control cells for trisomy 13 and 21 were 10.2 ± 1.7, 10.2 ± 3.4, and 10.2 ± 5.1, and 90.3 ± 2.3, 90.3 ± 4.6, and 90.3 ± 6.9, respectively. Based on the values and Levey-Jennings charts, a set of standardized IQCs for prenatal diagnosis such as FISH were established. CONCLUSIONS: This method resolves the problems of a shortage of quality-control materials and a lack of quality-control charts in prenatal molecular diagnosis such as NIPT, NGS, aCGH/SNP, PCR, and FISH. Levey-Jennings chart-based IQCs for prenatal diagnosis such as FISH can be used to easily monitor whether IQC results are within acceptable limits, and then infer whether the diagnostic results for clinical samples are reliable. We expect that this standardized IQC will be useful for a wide range of molecular diagnostic laboratories.

17.
J Hand Surg Am ; 45(11): 1088.e1-1088.e9, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711964

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to report the results of reconstruction of segmental bone defects of the proximal phalanges using a reverse metacarpal vascularized bone flap harvested from the third metacarpal bone. METHODS: From August 2012 to May 2017, 17 patients with segmental osteomyelitis or necrotic bone of the proximal phalanges were treated. There were 15 male and 3 female patients, with a mean age of 36 years (range, 19-65 years). The mean size of bone defects was 26 × 9 × 9 mm (range, 16 × 6 × 7 mm to 35 × 10 × 7 mm); and the mean size of bone flaps was 27 × 8 × 7 mm (range, 15 × 7 × 4 mm to 40 × 8 × 7 mm). RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 26 months. The mean motion arc of the metacarpophalangeal joints was 56° (range, 22°-90°). The mean pinch strength of the injured fingers was 3.1 kg (range, 2-3.6 kg), and the mean pinch strength of the normal contralateral side was 6.9 kg (range, 4.2- 8.5 kg). CONCLUSIONS: The reverse metacarpal bone flap may promote osseous healing in reconstructing segmental defects of the proximal phalanges. TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic IV.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 584, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that branched-chain amino acid transferase 1 (BCAT1) is associated with tumour progression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Furthermore, CD133 has emerged as a novel cancer stem cell marker for indicating tumour progression. However, the prognostic significance of these two markers remains to be verified. This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between BCAT1 and CD133 expression and clinicopathological features, as well as the prognosis of patients with TNBC. METHODS: The study cohort included 291 patients with TNBC. Tissue microarrays were constructed for both cancer and normal tissues. The expression of BCAT1 and CD133 was detected by immunohistochemical staining, and the levels were evaluated using an H-scoring system. Cut-off points for BCAT1 and CD133 expression were determined using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The median follow-up time for the study participants was 68.73 months (range: 1.37-103.6 months). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of the 291 patients with TNBC were 72.51 and 82.47%, respectively. Higher levels of BCAT1 and CD133 expression independently indicated shorter DFS and OS. High levels of both BCAT1 and CD133 expression were detected in 36 (12.37%) patients, who had significantly shorter DFS and OS (both P < 0.001) compared to other patients. CONCLUSION: BCAT1 and CD133 can be considered as biomarkers with prognostic significance for TNBC.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1859-1865, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489070

RESUMO

The historical preparation methods of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were summarized and analyzed by consulting relevant literatures of herbal medicines and medical classics. This study also reviewed the records of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing methods in previous editions of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the regulations on processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces in China. This paper summarized the processing history of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and defined the development process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing. According to textual research from ancient times to today, there are many ways to process Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The processing methods without auxiliary materials include braising, frying, cooking, simmering and adding such auxiliary materials as wine, vinegar, salt, oil, ginger, honey, water and bile. There are 9 editions of the published Chinese Pharmacopoeia that document the processing of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and 24 provinces and cities nationwide record the processing of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. At present, the 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia only records the processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma honey, and the honey processing method is still widely usedtoday. Whether or not Zhigancao should be used uniformly for honey-processed Zhigancao today should be based on the processing methods of Chinese herbal medicine and its clinical use in previous ancient medical books. This paper provides a reference and historical basis for subsequent studies on other processing techniques of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the rational selection of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma varieties and the further development and utilization of corresponding medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Triterpenos , China , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma/química
20.
Front Oncol ; 10: 856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596149

RESUMO

Objective: Breast cancer is the most common solid tumor affecting women and the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most lethal subtype of breast cancer. We aimed to identify potential TNBC-specific therapeutic targets by performing an integrative analysis on previously published TNBC transcriptome microarray data. Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between TNBC and normal breast tissues were screened using six Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets, and DEGs between metastatic TNBC and non-metastatic TNBC were screened using one GEO dataset. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analyses were performed on the overlapping DEGs. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) TNBC data were used to identify candidate genes that were strongly associated with survival. Expression of the candidate genes in TNBC cell lines was blocked or augmented using a lentivirus system, and transwell assays were used to determine their effect on TNBC migration. Results: Eight upregulated genes and nine downregulated genes were found to be differentially expressed both between TNBC and normal breast tissues and between metastatic TNBC and non-metastatic TNBC. Among them, S100P and SDC1 were identified as poor prognostic genes. Furthermore, compared with control cells, SDC1-overexpressing TNBC cells showed enhanced migration ability, whereas SDC1 knockdown markedly reduced the migration of TNBC cells. Conclusion: Our study determined that S100P and SDC1 may be potential treatment targets as well as prognostic biomarkers of TNBC.

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