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1.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 26-31, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, there have been increasing calls for integrating late-life mental health services into primary care in China, but data on the epidemiology of depressive disorders in older adults receiving primary care are very limited. This study examined prevalence, correlates and recognition of depressive disorders among Chinese older adults receiving primary care. METHODS: A total of 752 older patients (65+ years) were consecutively recruited from 13 primary care clinics in Wuhan, China, and interviewed with the Chinese Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0. RESULTS: One-fifth (20.3%) of the older adults met DSM-IV criteria for depressive disorders during the month prior to the interview: 10.2% had major depression, 4.8% had dysthymia, and 5.3% had minor depressive disorder. The recognition rate of older patients with depressive disorders was 1.3% only. In multiple logistic regression analysis, factors significantly associated with depressive disorders included female gender (OR = 1.61), an education of primary school and below (OR = 1.69), poor financial status (OR = 2.44), poor or fair family relationship (OR = 1.66), loneliness (OR = 1.77), hypertension (OR = 1.91), heart disease (OR = 2.02), chronic gastric ulcer (OR = 6.01), and arthritis (OR = 3.55). LIMITATIONS: Older adults from primary care clinics of economically underdeveloped regions of China were not included. CONCLUSIONS: Depressive disorders are prevalent but poorly recognized in Chinese older adults receiving treatment in primary care clinics. In order to improve the emotional well-being and health of older adults, it is time to integrate the management of common mental disorders into primary healthcare in China.

2.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 475, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyropia haitanensis, distributes in the intertidal zone, can tolerate water losses exceeding 90%. However, the mechanisms enabling P. haitanensis to survive harsh conditions remain uncharacterized. To elucidate the mechanism underlying P. haitanensis desiccation tolerance, we completed an integrated analysis of its transcriptome and proteome as well as transgenic Chlamydomonas reinhardtii carrying a P. haitanensis gene. RESULTS: P. haitanensis rapidly adjusted its physiological activities to compensate for water losses up to 60%, after which, photosynthesis, antioxidant systems, chaperones, and cytoskeleton were activated to response to severe desiccation stress. The integrative analysis suggested that transketolase (TKL) was affected by all desiccation treatments. Transgenic C. reinhardtii cells overexpressed PhTKL grew better than the wild-type cells in response to osmotic stress. CONCLUSION: P. haitanensis quickly establishes acclimatory homeostasis regarding its transcriptome and proteome to ensure its thalli can recover after being rehydrated. Additionally, PhTKL is vital for P. haitanensis desiccation tolerance. The present data may provide new insights for the breeding of algae and plants exhibiting enhanced desiccation tolerance.

3.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2527, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708932

RESUMO

Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a neurological complication of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Objective: We aimed to explore potential serological differences between pSS patients with and without NMOSD. Methods: There were 4 pSS patients with NMOSD and 8 pSS patients without NMOSD enrolled as the screening group for two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE) analysis. Then differential expressed protein spots between groups were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF MS. The levels of the identified potential biomarkers were verified by ELISA in a second independent cohort including 22 pSS patients with NMOSD, 26 pSS without NMOSD and 30 NMOSD patients. Results: Nine proteins were identified significantly differently expressed (more than 1.5-fold, p < 0.05) between these two groups. Serum levels of clusterin and complement factor H (CFH) were further verified by ELISA. Results showed that the serum clusterin was significantly higher in NMOSD with pSS than without (298.33 ± 184.52 vs. 173.49 ± 63.03 ng/ml, p < 0.01), while the levels of CFH were lower in pSS patients with NMOSD than without (24.19 ± 1.79 vs. 25.87 ± 3.98 ng/ml, p < 0.01). Conclusion: This is the first study of serological comparative proteomics between pSS patients with and without NMOSD. Serum clusterin and CFH might be potential biomarkers for pSS patients with NMOSD and play important role in the pathogenesis of the disease but needs further verification.

4.
J Viral Hepat ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755220

RESUMO

Antiviral therapy has been shown to improve the prognosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA-positive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radical treatment, but antiviral treatments require further optimization. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacies of different antiviral strategies with HCC patients after hepatectomy/ablation. This prospective, randomized, controlled, and multi-center trial enrolled HBV DNA-positive primary HCC patients after hepatectomy/ablation between January 2007 and January 2009. Patients were divided into four groups: early-combination (entecavir plus Peg-interferon [IFN]α-2a co-administration during year 1); late-combination (addition of Peg-IFNα-2a for 48 weeks after 1 year of entecavir); nucleos(t)ide analogue[NA] monotherapy; and non-antiviral treatment. Primary endpoints included recurrence-free survival and overall survival. A total of 447 patients were enrolled. The 2-year and 8-year recurrence free survival and 8-year overall survival rates were significantly higher in the early-combination group than in the other two antiviral groups (P<0.05). After 48 weeks treatment, more patients achieved an HBsAg reduction >1500 IU/ml and the mean HBsAg level was significantly lower in the early-combination group compared with the late-combination and NA monotherapy groups (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that early-combination therapy and a reduction in HBsAg by >1500 IU/mL after 48 weeks of therapy correlated with reduced mortality and disease recurrence. Early introduction of combination antiviral treatment may represent a more effective therapeutic strategy for patients with HBV DNA-positive HCC after hepatectomy/ablation. A reduction in HBsAg by >1500 IU/mL after 48 weeks treatment is associated with reduced mortality and disease recurrence of HBV DNA-positive HCC patients after hepatectomy/ablation.

5.
Mol Plant ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733371

RESUMO

Two signal molecules, salicylic acid (SA) and N-hydroxypipecolic acid (NHP), play critical roles in plant immunity. The biosynthetic genes of both compounds are positively regulated by master immune-regulating transcription factors SARD1 and CBP60g. However, the relationship between the SA and NHP pathways is unclear. On the other hand, CALMODULIN BINDING TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR 1 (CAMTA1), CAMTA2 and CAMTA3 are redundant negative regulators of plant immunity, the mechanism of which remains unknown. Here, through chromatin immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we uncovered that CBP60g is a direct target of CAMTA3. The autoimmunity of camta3-1 is suppressed by sard1 cbp60g double mutant as well as ald1 and fmo1, two mutants defective in NHP biosynthesis. Interestingly, a suppressor screen using the camta1/2/3 triple mutant yielded various mutants blocking biosynthesis or signaling of either SA or NHP, leading to nearly complete suppression of the extreme autoimmunity of camta1/2/3, suggesting that the SA and NHP pathways can mutually amplify each other. Together, these results reveal that the CAMTAs repress the biosynthesis of SA and NHP by modulating the expression of SARD1 and CBP60g, and that the SA and NHP pathways are coordinated to optimize plant immune response.

6.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(12): 152722, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) could differentiate into osteoblasts and have a great prospect in treating bone diseases. microRNAs (miRs) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway have proved pivotal in regulating osteogenic differentiation. This study intended to discuss the mechanism of miR-132 and NF-κB in PDLSC osteogenesis. METHODS: PDLSCs were firstly cultured, induced, and identified by detecting the surface markers and observing cell morphology. Levels of osteogenic markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone morphogenetic proteins 2 (BMP2), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN), along with miR-132 expression were measured. The osteoblast activity and mineral deposition were detected by ALP and alizarin red S (ARS) stainings. The targeting relationship between miR-132 and growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) was verified. The gain-and loss-of-function was performed to discuss roles of miR-132 and GDF5 in osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. Besides, levels of NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins were measured. RESULTS: In osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs, levels of ALP, BMP2, Runx2 and OCN were upregulated while miR-132 was downregulated. Overexpressing miR-132 reduced levels of osteogenic markers, osteoblast activity, ALP and ARS intensity and the activation of NF-κB axis. GDF5 is a target of miR-132 and GDF5 overexpression reversed the inhibitory effects of overexpressed miR-132 on PDLSC osteogenesis. CONCLUSION: Together, miR-132 could inhibit PDLSC osteogenesis via targeting GDF5 and activating NF-κB axis. These data provide useful information for PDLSC application in periodontal therapy.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735023

RESUMO

Carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulfides in gasoline are the main causes of air pollution. The considerable attention has been de-voted to solving the problems, and the catalytic reaction seems to be a good choice. Owing to the high density of Lewis acid (LA) active sites and large numbers of open methoxide groups, polyoxovanadates (POVs) are an undisputed option as het-erogeneous catalyst for the CO2 cycloaddition reaction and catalytic oxidation of sulfides. Based on the above, a series of V8 clusters, [(C2N2H8)4(CH3O)8V8O12]·CH3OH (V8-1a), [(C2N2H8)4(CH3O)4V8O16]·4CH3OH (V8-1), [(C3N2H10)4(CH3O)4V8O16]·5H2O (V8-2), [(C6N2H14)4(CH3O)4V8O16]·5CH3OH·2H2O (V8-3) have been legitimately designed and triumphantly isolated. In the process of synthesis, three different kinds of Lewis bases (LB), ethanediamine, 1,2-diaminopropane and 1,2-cyclohexanediamine, were used to modify LA {V8} clusters to form four diverting windmill-shaped configuration. Among them, the vanadium atoms in V8-1a are +4 valence of VIV, while the vanadium atoms in V8-1~3 are mixed valence states of VIV and VV. Magnetic property investigation indicates that the antiferromagnetic coupling interac-tions between VIV ions all exist in four compounds. The catalyst V8-1 also demonstrated high catalytic activity in the cy-cloaddition of CO2 to several epoxides under relatively mild condition (70 ℃, 0.5 MPa) and the reaction pressure 0.5 MPa is the lowest among the high nuclear polyoxometallates (POMs). Furthermore, the V8-1 also has an excellent catalytic conver-sion for the oxidation of sulfides. The catalytic tests manifested that the V8-1 was a very efficient difunctional heterogene-ous catalyst for CO2 cycloaddition reaction and catalytic oxidation of sulfides.

8.
Int Heart J ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735773

RESUMO

Inflammatory factors have specific value in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our previous studies have identified the prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-34 during chronic heart failure. However, the potential impact of IL-34 on AMI remains unknown.Serum IL-34 was measured in 287 AMI patients, and they were followed up for the composite endpoint, including cardiovascular death, heart failure hospitalization, recurrent nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and nonfatal stroke.IL-34 levels were significantly associated with the presence of heart failure at baseline and its aggravation after a year. During the five-year follow-up, there was a significant increase in the risk of the composite endpoint (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38 [95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.12-1.70], P < 0.01) and cardiovascular death (HR 1.48 [95%CI 1.03-2.27], P = 0.03) after full adjustment as IL-34 levels increased.Higher IL-34 levels in the acute phase were associated with an increased risk of heart failure after MI and poor prognosis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758512

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the validity, accuracy, and clinical outcomes of Karyomapping in preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) for ß-thalassemia combined with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching. METHODS: A total of 128 cycles from January 2014 to December 2017 were identified, and 1205 embryos were biopsied. The case group included 88 cycles using Karyomapping for PGT-HLA, compared with 40 cycles using polymerase chain reaction-short tandem repeat (PCR-STR) as the control group. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the HLA matching rate (21.34 vs. 14.37%), the matched transferable embryo rate (9.79 vs. 14.07%), the clinical pregnancy rate (65.08 vs. 41.86%), and the spontaneous miscarriage rate (2.44 vs. 22.22%) between the case and control groups. In the case group, nearly 1/3 (33.37%) of the embryos showed aneuploidy. According to the results of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotype analysis, the recombination rates of HBB (hemoglobin subunit beta) and HLA were 11.46% and 5.61% respectively. HLA gene recombination was mostly distributed between HLA-A and HLA-B and the downstream region of HLA-DQB1. In addition, STR analysis could be considered in the case of copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the region where the HLA gene is located. CONCLUSION: Karyomapping contributes to accurate selection of matched embryos, along with aneuploidy screening. However, STRs assist identification in cases of LOH in the target region.

10.
Am J Infect Control ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient and visitor hand hygiene has the potential to prevent health care-associated infections, but there are few data on the efficacy of interventions to improve patient/visitor hand hygiene. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether conventional and front-line ownership (FLO) patient/visitor hand hygiene interventions improve patient/visitor and health care worker (HCW) hand hygiene rates. METHODS: A stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted on inpatient units and the emergency department. A conventional intervention included pediatric-focused posters, which also served as reminders for HCWs. This was compared to a FLO intervention aimed at finding "positive deviants," staff who were already taking steps to improve patient/visitor hand hygiene. Patient/visitor and HCW hand hygiene rates were measured covertly by trained medical students. RESULTS: Patient/visitor hand hygiene rates increased from 9.2% at baseline to 13.9% in the post-intervention period. Hand hygiene rates on units randomized to the standard intervention changed from 7.3% to 10.9% (P = .46), but FLO intervention units significantly changed from 14.3% to 25% (P = .03). The baseline HCW hand hygiene rate was 68.2%, which increased to a greater extent in the FLO group (79.1%) than in the standard intervention (73.1%), but the change was not statistically significant for either intervention compared to control (P = .18 and P = .64, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Hand hygiene interventions in hospitals can improve patient/visitor and HCW hand hygiene rates, and a FLO intervention appears to be more effective than a conventional intervention.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121503, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708286

RESUMO

Organochlorines are critical soil contaminants and the use of biochar has recently shown potential to improve soil remediation. However, little is known about biochar-microbe interactions nor the impact on environmental processes such as the immobilization and biodegradation of organochlorine compounds. In this study, we performed microcosm experiments to elucidate how biochar affected the biodegradation and sequestration of pentachlorophenol (PCP). Our results showed that the amendment of biochar markedly inhibited PCP biodegradation due to a strong sorption affinity for PCP under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Notably, the inhibitory effect was relatively weaker under anaerobic conditions than under aerobic conditions. The addition of biochar can dramatically shift the bacterial community diversity in the PCP-spiked soils. Under aerobic conditions, biochar significantly stimulated the growth of PCP-degrading bacteria Bacillus and Sphingomonas, but reduced the opportunities for microbes to contact with PCP directly. Under anaerobic conditions, the non-strict organohalide-respiring bacteria Desulfovibrio, Anaeromyxobacter, Geobacter and Desulfomonile were the main drivers of PCP transformation. Our results imply that the use of biochar as a soil remediation strategy for organochlorine compounds should be cautious.

12.
Hepatology ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677282

RESUMO

Free and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) are emerging measurements of vitamin D status. It remains unclear whether circulating free or bioavailable 25OHD are relevant to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that bioavailable 25OHD may be a better serum biomarker of vitamin D status than total 25OHD on the association with HCC survival. We included 1031 newly diagnosed, previously untreated patients with HCC from the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) enrolled between September 2013 and April 2017. Serum total 25OHD levels were measured using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Serum free 25OHD levels were measured using a two-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bioavailable 25OHD levels were calculated from measured free 25OHD and albumin using a previously validated equation. Primary outcomes were liver cancer-specific (LCSS) and overall survival (OS). Cox proportional hazards models were performed to calculate the multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 726 days, 430 patients had deceased, including 393 deaths from HCC. In multivariable analyses, higher bioavailable 25OHD levels were significantly associated with better survival, independent of nonclinical and clinical prognostic factors including serum C-reactive protein, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage, and cancer treatment. The multivariable-adjusted HRs in the highest vs. lowest quartile of bioavailable 25OHD levels were 0.69 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.93; P for trend=0.014) for LCSS and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.53, 0.94; P for trend=0.013) for OS. In contrast, neither total nor free 25OHD levels were associated with LCSS or OS. CONCLUSION: Higher bioavailable, rather than total, 25OHD levels were independently associated with improved survival in a population-based HCC cohort, suggesting a potential utility of bioavailable 25OHD in HCC prognosis.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751196

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped marine bacterium, CW2-9T, was isolated from algae collected from Fujian Province in PR China. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that this strain was affiliated with the genus Tamlana in the family Flavobacteriaceae of the class Flavobacteriia and was very similar to the type strain Tamlana sedimentorum MCCC 1A10799T (96.3 % sequence similarity). The whole genome of strain CW2-9T comprised 3 997 513 bp with a G+C content of 34.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity value between strain CW2-9T and T. sedimentorum MCCC 1A10799T was 73.8 %. Growth was observed from 15 to 40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH from pH 5.0 to 10.0 (pH 8.0) and in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (0-1 %). The major fatty acids (>10 % of the total) were iso-C15 : 0, iso G-C15 : 1, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and anteiso-C15 : 0. The predominant menaquinone was MK-6. The combined phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data indicate that strain CW2-9T represents a novel species in the genus Tamlana, for which the name Tamlana fucoidanivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CW2-9T (=CICC 24749T=KCTC 72389T).

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752069

RESUMO

In this study, the acidic lipase from Aspergillus niger (ANL) was homologously expressed in A. niger. The expression of ANL was significantly improved by the expression of the native ANL with the introns, the addition of the kozak sequence and the optimization of the signal sequences. When the cDNA sequence of ANL fused with the glaA signal was expressed under the gpdA promoter in A. niger, no lipase activity could be detected. Then we tried to improve the expression by using the full length ANL gene containing three introns, and the lipase activity in the supernatant reached 75.80 U/mL, which probably contributed by a more stable mRNA structure. The expression was further improved to 100.60 U/mL by introducing a kozak sequence around the start codon due to a higher translation efficiency. Finally, the effects of three signal sequences including the cbhI signal, the ANL signal and the glaA signal on the lipase expression were evaluated. The transformant with the cbhI signal showed the highest lipase activity (314.67 U/mL), which was 1.90 -fold and 3.13 -fold higher than those with ANL signal and glaA signal, respectively. The acidic lipase was characterized. Highest activity was detected at pH 3.0 and a temperature of 45°C. These results provided promising strategies for the production of the acidic lipase from A. niger.

15.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766544

RESUMO

Cancer is one of the foremost causes of death globally and also the major stumbling block of increasing life expectancy. Although the primary treatment of surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have greatly reduced the mortality of cancer, the survival rate is still low because of the metastasis of tumor, a range of adverse drug reactions, and drug resistance. For all this, it is relevant to mention that a growing amount of research has shown the anticarcinogenic effect of phytochemicals which can modulate the molecular pathways and cellular events include apoptosis, cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. However, their pharmacological potential is hindered by their low water solubility, low stability, poor absorption, and rapid metabolism. In this scenario, the development of nanotechnology has created novel formulations to maximize the potential use of phytochemicals in anticancer treatment. Nanocarriers can enhance the solubility and stability of phytochemicals, prolong their half-life in blood and even achieve site-targeting delivery. This review summarizes the advances in utilizing nanoparticles in cancer therapy. In particular, we introduce several applications of nanoparticles combined with apigenin, resveratrol, curcumin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, 6-gingerol, and quercetin in cancer treatment.

16.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e4750, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743472

RESUMO

O6 -benzylguanine (O6 BG) is an inhibitor of O6 -alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT). It binds to AGT by transferring its benzyl moiety to the cysteine residue at the active site of the enzyme. O6 BG synergizes the cytotoxic effects of alkylating agents by halting AGT-mediated DNA repair. O6 -benzyl-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-O6 BG) is a metabolite of O6 BG, which is an equally potent inhibitor of AGT. In this work, we reported the development and validation of an LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of O6 BG and 8-oxo-O6 BG in human plasma. O6 BG and 8-oxo-O6 BG along with the analog internal standard, pCl-O6 BG, were extracted from alkalinized human plasma by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) using ethyl acetate, dried under nitrogen and reconstituted in the mobile phase. Reverse-phase chromatographic separation was achieved using isocratic elution with a mobile phase containing 80% acetonitrile and 0.05% formic acid in water at a flow rate of 0.600 mL/min. Quantification was performed using multiple-reaction-monitoring (MRM) mode with positive ion-spray ionization. The linear calibration ranges of the method for O6 BG and 8-oxo-O6 BG were 1.25 to 250 ng/mL and 5.00 to 1.00 × 103 ng/mL respectively with acceptable assay accuracy, precision, recovery and matrix factor. This method was applied to the measurement of O6 BG and 8-oxo-O6 BG in patient plasma samples from a prior phase I clinical trial.

17.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 17(1): 96, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous work demonstrated that there are numerous miRNAs in human follicular fluids, some of which are associated with reproductive diseases. In the current study, we sought to determine whether microRNAs (miRNAs) in the follicular fluid (FF) are differentially expressed between women with and without endometriosis and to uncover the association of miRNAs with the oocyte and embryonic development potential. METHODS: FF was harvested from 30 women with endometriosis and 30 women without who underwent in vitro fertilization treatment at the University Hospital between February and December 2016. The FF samples were subjected to miRNA profiling and validation via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis. Mouse/human metaphase-I (MI) oocytes were harvested and micro-injected with an miR-451 inhibitor, and the effects of miR-451 knockdown on Wnt/WNT signalling genes were investigated. RESULTS: Oocyte number, fertilization rate, and number of available embryos were decreased significantly in women with endometriosis relative to those without endometriosis. Hsa-miR-451 in FF was downregulated in endometriosis patients relative to control subjects (P < 0.01). Moreover, the proportions of mouse/human MI oocytes that developed into 2-pronuclei (2PN), 2-cell, 8-10-cell and blastocyst-stage embryos were affected by miR-451 knockdown in mouse/human oocytes. Components of the Wnt signalling pathway were aberrantly expressed in the mouse/human oocytes and embryos in the miR-451 inhibitor-injected group. CONCLUSIONS: miR-451 was downregulated in FF samples from endometriosis patients and was modestly effective in distinguishing endometriosis patients from non-endometriosis patients. miR-451 downregulation in mouse and human oocytes affected pre-implantation embryogenesis by suppressing the Wnt signalling pathway. This miRNA might serve as a novel biomarker of oocyte and embryo quality in assisted reproductive treatment.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677790

RESUMO

A failure of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to adhere to hematopoietic cells is an essential cause of the progression of chronic myelogenous leukemia and is also a cause of failure of bone marrow (BM) transplantation, but the exact mechanisms of this have not been fully elucidated. Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are contained in leukemia-derived exosomes and are involved in modulating the BM microenvironment. In this study, we found that K562 cell-derived exosomes transfer miR-711 to BM-MSCs and suppress the adhesive function of BM-MSCs. Using qRT-PCR, we also confirmed a significantly higher level of miR-711 in exosomes derived from K562 cells than in exosomes derived from parental cells. The BM-MSCs co-cultured with exosomes derived from K562 cells showed a lower adhesion rate than did controls. We further demonstrated that exosomal transfer of miR-711 induced decreased adhesive abilities by inhibiting expression of adhesion molecule CD44 in BM-MSCs. In conclusion, our study reveals that K562 cell-derived exosomal miR-711 can be transferred to BM-MSCs and weaken adhesive abilities by silencing the expression of the adhesion molecule CD44.

19.
Eur J Paediatr Neurol ; 23(5): 755-759, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679561

RESUMO

3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase (HIBCH) deficiency is a recently described disease resulting from mutations in HIBCH with no effective treatment. Here, we report a female Chinese patient presenting with exercise-induced dystonia and bilateral symmetrical hyperintensities of the globus pallidus on brain MRI associated with novel HIBCH mutations (c.1027C>G;p. H343D and c.383T>A;p.V128D). After treatment for 1 year with a low-valine diet, both clinical symptoms and brain lesions improved substantially. We propose that HIBCH deficiency should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with exercise-induced dystonia, particularly if bilateral symmetrical lesions in the globus pallidus are present. A low-valine diet is a potentially promising treatment for HIBCH deficiency.

20.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680325

RESUMO

The apoptosis of human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs) may be an important factor of the negative effect of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on the periodontal tissue of diabetic patients. However, the pathways or potential effects of apoptosis in AGEs-treated HPDLCs have not been fully elucidated. Autophagy is closely related to apoptosis. Herein, we investigated the potential mechanism of apoptosis and autophagy in HPDLCs treated with AGEs via an in vitro model. We found that AGEs-treated HPDLCs showed a time- and concentration-dependent reduction in the cell survival rate. The mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis was induced in AGEs-treated HPDLCs, as confirmed by the mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, decreased Bcl-2 expression, increased Bax expression, and increased caspase-3 and PARP cleavage. Autophagy was also induced in AGEs-treated HPDLCs, as indicated by the conversion of LC3-II/LC3-I and the presence of autophagosomes. Interestingly, our study results suggested that apoptosis and autophagy were related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In addition, AGEs-induced autophagy acted as a latent factor in decreasing the generation of ROS in HPDLCs and protecting against the AGEs-induced apoptosis. In summary, our study shows that ROS are essential in AGEs-induced HPDLCs apoptosis and autophagy, which may be a molecular mechanism for the repairment of ROS-induced damage in HPDLCs treated with AGEs to promote cell survival. The present study might provide new insights into the therapeutic targeting of HPDLCs autophagy, which could be an additional strategy for periodontitis in patients with diabetes mellitus.

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