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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous retrospective studies have shown that laparoscopic spleen-preserving D2 total gastrectomy (LSTG) for advanced upper third gastric cancer (AUTGC) is safe. However, all previous studies were underpowered. We therefore conducted a prospective, multicenter study to evaluate the technical safety and feasibility of LSTG for patients with AUTGC. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with AUTGC (cT2-4a, N-/+, M0) underwent LSTG at 19 institutions between September 2016 and October 2017 were included. The number of No. 10 lymph node (LN) dissections, metastasis rates, intraoperative and postoperative complications were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 251 patients were enrolled in the study, and 242 patients were eligible for the per protocol analysis. The average numbers of No. 10 LN dissections and metastases were 2.4 and 0.1, respectively. Eighteen patients (7.4%) had No. 10 LN metastases, and among patients with advanced gastric cancer, the rate of No. 10 LN metastasis was 8.1% (18/223). pN3 status was an independent risk factor for No. 10 LN metastasis. Intraoperative complications occurred in 7 patients, but no patients required conversion to open surgery or splenectomy. The overall postoperative complication rate was 13.6% (33/242). The major complication and mortality rates were 3.3% (8/242) and 0.4% (1/242), respectively. The number of retrieved No. 10 LNs, No. 10 LN metastasis and TNM stage had no significant influence on postoperative complication rates. CONCLUSION: LSTG for AUTGC was safe and effective when performed by very experienced surgeons, this technique could be used in patients who needed splenic hilar lymph node dissection.

2.
J BUON ; 18(3): 689-94, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24065484

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility and short-term effect of laparoscopy-assisted D2 radical gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 239 patients with advanced gastric cancer underwent D2 radical gastrectomy between March 2009 and June 2011, from which 106 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopy group) and 133 patients underwent open surgery (open surgery group). The intraoperative and postoperative condition, number of lymph node removed, complications and mortality rates between the two groups were compared. RESULTS: The operation time (268±51 min) and the number of lymph node removed (29.1+6.1) in the laparoscopy group were comparable with the operation time (268±49 min) and the number of lymph node removed (30.2±7.0) in the open surgery group, while there were significant differences in the intraoperative bleeding (134±66 vs 289±139 ml), intraoperative blood infusion cases (5 vs 19), time to first postoperative flatus (3.4±0.9 vs 5.0±1.4 days), time to first taking liquid food (7.3±1.3 vs 8.1±1.4 days) and postoperative hospital stay (12.8±2.6 vs 14.5±3.1 days) between the two groups (p<0.05). These results favored the laparoscopy group. The incidence of postoperative complications in the laparoscopy and open surgery group were 14.1 and 24.8, respectively (p<0.05). Compared with the open surgery, the laparoscopic surgery significantly reduced the incidence of pulmonary infection (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the postoperative short-term survival rate between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy-assisted D2 gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer is advantageous in terms of safety and feasibility, rapid postoperative recovery and few complications. Both groups gave comparable results in terms of lymph node dissection and short-term survival.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
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