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1.
Oral Dis ; 25(7): 1759-1768, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To detect whether early growth response 1 (EGR1) in peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) indicates temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Egr1 mRNA expression levels in PBLs were detected in eight malocclusion patients without temporomandibular disorder (TMD) signs and 16 malocclusion patients with clinical TMD signs with (eight) or without (eight) imaging signs of TMJ OA. Twelve 6-week-old rats were randomized to a control group and a unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) group and were sampled at 4 weeks. The Egr1 mRNA expression levels in PBLs and protein expression levels in different orofacial tissues were measured. RESULTS: Patients with TMD signs with/without TMJ OA diagnosis showed lower Egr1 mRNA expression levels in PBLs than patients without TMD signs. The lower Egr1 mRNA expression was also found in the PBLs of UAC rats, which were induced to exhibit early histo-morphological signs of TMJ OA lesions. In subchondral bone of UAC rats, EGR1 protein expression was decreased, co-localization of EGR1 with osterix or dentin matrix protein-1 was identified, and the number of EGR1 and osterix double-positive cells was reduced (all p < .05). CONCLUSION: Egr1 reduction in PBLs potentially indicates subchondral bone OA lesions at an early stage.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Côndilo Mandibular , Osteoartrite , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Má Oclusão/complicações , RNA Mensageiro , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fatores de Transcrição/análise
2.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 552, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178730

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of Suo Quan Wan (SQW), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, on the overactive bladder (OAB) of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mouse models, particularly on its function of mediating the gene and protein expression levels of myosin Va and SLC17A9. Materials and Methods: After 4 weeks high-fat diet (HFD) feeding, C57BL/6J mice were injected with streptozotocin (100 mg/kg) for four times. After 3 weeks, the diabetic mice were treated with SQW for another 3 weeks. Voided stain on paper assay, fasting blood glucose (FBG) test, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were conducted. Urodynamic test, tension test [α,ß-methylene ATP, electrical-field stimulation (EFS), KCl, and carbachol] and histomorphometry were also performed. Western blot analysis and qPCR assays were used to quantify the expression levels of myosin Va and SLC17A9. Results: The diabetic mice exhibited decreased weight but increased water intake, urine production, FBG, and OGTT. No significant changes were observed after 3 weeks SQW treatment. Urodynamic test indicated that the non-voiding contraction (NVC) frequency, maximum bladder capacity (MBC), residual volume (RV), and bladder compliance (BC) were remarkably increased in the diabetic mice, whereas the voided efficiency (VE) was decreased as a feature of overactivity. Compared with the model mice, SQW treatment significantly improved urodynamic urination with decreased NVC, MBC, RV, and BC, and increased VE. Histomorphometry results showed that the bladder wall of the diabetic mice thickened, and SQW effectively attenuated the pathological alterations. The contract responses of bladder strips to all stimulators were higher in the DSM strips of diabetic mice, whereas SQW treatment markedly decreased the contraction response for all stimuli. Moreover, the protein and gene expression levels of myosin Va and SLC17A9 were up-regulated in the bladders of diabetic mice, but SQW treatment restored such alterations. Conclusion: T2DM mice exhibited the early phase of diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD) characterized by OAB and bladder dysfunction. SQW can improve the bladder storage and micturition of DBD mice by mediating the protein and gene expression levels of myosin Va and SLC17A9 in the bladder, instead of improving the blood glucose level.

3.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 38(5): 1266-1277, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006139

RESUMO

AIM: Diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD) is one of the most common and bothersome complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). This study aimed to investigate the functional, structural, and molecular changes of the bladder at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks after DM induction by streptozotocin (STZ) in male C57BL/6 mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were injected with STZ (130 mg/kg). Then, diabetic general characteristics, cystometry test, histomorphometry, and contractile responses to α, ß-methylene ATP, KCl, electrical-field stimulation, carbachol were performed at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks after induction. Finally, protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions of myosin Va and SLC17A9 were quantified. RESULTS: DM mice exhibited lower body weight, voiding efficiency and higher water intake, urine production, fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance test, bladder wall thickness, maximum bladder capacity, residual volume, bladder compliance. In particular, nonvoiding contractions has increased more than five times at 6 weeks. And the amplitudes of spontaneous activity, contractile responses to all stimulus was about two times higher at 6 weeks but cut almost in half at 12 weeks. The protein and mRNA expressions of myosin Va and SLC17A9 were about two times higher at 6 weeks, but myosin Va was reverted nearly 40% while SLC17A9 is still higher at 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: DBD transitioned from a compensated state to a decompensated state in STZ-induced DM mice at 9 to 12 weeks after DM induction. Our molecular data suggest that the transition may be closely related to the alterations of myosin Va and SLC17A9 expression levels in the bladder with time.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 68: 7-16, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599446

RESUMO

Neutrophil infiltration typically occurs in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced acute gastritis; however, this immune response fails to eradicate H. pylori in vivo. Moreover, reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are generated by neutrophils, cause severe damage to gastric mucosa. Patchouli alcohol (PA) has been reported to have effective anti-oxidative and anti-H. pylori activities, and we investigated its effects on H. pylori-induced neutrophil recruitment and activation in this research. In neutrophil recruitment experiment, H. pylori was injected into rat air pouch to explore the effects of PA (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) on acute inflammatory response. The results revealed that PA significantly reduced the weight of exudate and the number of neutrophils in the air pouch. Meanwhile, remarkable decrements in TNF-α and IL-8 levels in exudates were observed. In neutrophil activation experiment, rat neutrophils were isolated and activated by using 50 µg/mL H. pylori water-soluble surface protein with or without the treatment of PA (5, 10 or 20 µmol/L). Results indicated that PA not only significantly inhibited the production of ROS, but also reduced the gene and protein expressions of p22/p47-phoxes, and the binding of p22/p47-phoxes. Furthermore, the influence of PA on the neutrophil activation genes of H. pylori (h-nap and sabA) was investigated, and the results showed that expressions of h-nap and sabA were remarkably decreased after PA treatment. In conclusion, PA reduced the recruitment and activation of neutrophils induced by H. pylori, as shown by its inhibition of pro-inflammatory factor generation, p22/p47-phoxes function and H. pylori neutrophil activation-related gene expression.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Animais , Citocinas/imunologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Helicobacter pylori , Masculino , NADPH Oxidases/fisiologia , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1347, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30524287

RESUMO

Patchouli alcohol (PA), a natural tricyclic sesquiterpene extracted from Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Labiatae), has been found to exhibit anti-Helicobacter pylori and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of PA against H. pylori-induced gastritis in vitro and in vivo, and determined the underlying mechanism. In the in vivo experiment, a C57BL/6 mouse model of gastritis was established using H. pylori SS1, and treatments with standard triple therapy or 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg PA were performed for 2 weeks. Results indicated that PA effectively attenuated oxidative stress by decreasing contents of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malonyldialdehyde (MDA), and increasing levels of non-protein sulfhydryl (NP-SH), catalase and glutathione (GSH)/glutathione disulphide (GSSG). Additionally, treatment with PA significantly attenuated the secretions of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß), keratinocyte chemoattractant and interleukin 6 (IL-6). PA (20 mg/kg) significantly protected the gastric mucosa from H. pylori-induced damage. In the in vitro experiment, GES-1 cells were cocultured with H. pylori NCTC11637 at MOI = 100:1 and treated with different doses of PA (5, 10, and 20 µg/ml). Results indicated that PA not only significantly increased the cell viability and decreased cellular lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, but also markedly elevated the mitochondrial membrane potential and remarkably attenuated GES-1 cellular apoptosis, thereby protecting gastric epithelial cells against injuries caused by H. pylori. PA also inhibited the secretions of pro-inflammatory factors, such as monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-6. Furthermore, after PA treatment, the combination of NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) and cysteine-aspartic proteases 1 (CASPASE-1), the expression levels of NLRP3 inflammasome-related proteins, such as thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), pro-CASPASE-1, cle-CASPASE-1, and NLRP3 and genes (NLRP3 and CASPASE1) were significantly decreased as compared to the model group. In conclusion, treatment with PA for 2 weeks exhibited highly efficient protective effect against H. pylori-induced gastritis and related damages. The underlying mechanism might involve antioxidant activity, inhibition of pro-inflammatory factor and regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome function. PA exerted anti-H. pylori and anti-gastritis effects and thus had the potential to be a promising candidate for treatment of H. pylori-related diseases.

6.
J Int Med Res ; 46(12): 4952-4964, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between occlusal contact and orofacial pain remains unclear. The aim of this study was to detect occlusal contact tightness by using a new method and to compare differences between patients and asymptomatic controls. METHODS: Fifteen female patients with orofacial myalgia and fifteen age- and sex-matched asymptomatic controls were enrolled. Occlusal contacts were recorded by making bite imprints. The numbers, sizes, and distributions of the contacts were detected by making photos of bite imprints after biting. The Mann-Whitney U test and ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: In myalgia patients, impact contacts at the molar regions were more frequent, larger in number and area size, and were distributed more on guiding cusps, compared with impact contacts in asymptomatic controls. CONCLUSION: Our new method revealed more prevalent and more severe impact contacts in orofacial myalgia patients, compared with asymptomatic controls.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Boca/fisiopatologia , Mialgia/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0194069, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538417

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic relapsing disease without satisfactory treatments, in which intestinal inflammation and disrupted intestinal epithelial barrier are two main pathogeneses triggering UC. Berberrubine (BB) is deemed as one of the major active metabolite of berberine (BBR), a naturally-occurring isoquinoline alkaloid with appreciable anti-UC effect. This study aimed to comparatively investigate the therapeutic effects of BB and BBR on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced mouse colitis model, and explore the potential underlying mechanism. Results revealed that BB (20 mg/kg) produced a comparable therapeutic effect as BBR (50 mg/kg) and positive control sulfasalazine (200 mg/kg) by significantly reducing the disease activity index (DAI) with prolonged colon length and increased bodyweight as compared with the DSS group. BB treatment was shown to significantly ameliorate the DSS-induced colonic pathological alternations and decreased histological scores. In addition, BB markedly attenuated colonic inflammation by alleviating inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibiting myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10) productions in DSS mice. Furthermore, BB treatment substantially upregulated the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins (zonula occludens-1, zonula occludens-2, claudin-1, occludin) and mRNA expression of mucins (mucin-1 and mucin-2), and decreased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. In summary, BB exerted similar effect to its analogue BBR and positive control in attenuating DSS-induced UC with much lower dosage and similar mechanism. The protective effect observed may be intimately associated with maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier and mitigating intestinal inflammation, which were mediated at least partially, via favorable modulation of TJ proteins and mucins and inhibition of inflammatory mediators productions in the colonic tissue. This is the first report to demonstrate that BB possesses pronounced anti-UC effect similar to BBR and sulfasalazine with much smaller dosage. BB might have the potential to be further developed into a promising therapeutic option in the treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(3): 562-566, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952265

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of patchouli alcohol on inhibiting Helicobater pylori urease activity, and its effect on expression levels of related genes, and lay the foundation for further research on the effect of patchouli alcohol on H. pylori colonization and infection. H. pyloriwas cultured and identified by gram staining, rapid urease test (RUT) and PCR method. Then agar dilution method was used to detect the bacterial survival after 1 h intervention by different concentrations of patchouli alcoholin the acidic (pH 5.3) and neutral (pH 7.0) conditions; berthelot method was used to detect urease activity and RT-qPCR method was used to detect the expression changes of ureA, ureB, ureE, ureH, ureI, and nixA related urease genes. The results showed that the survival rate of H. pyloriwas not significantly changed but the urease activity was obviously decreased after intervention by different concentrations of patchouli alcohol; meanwhile, the expression levels of ureA, ureB, ureE, ureH, ureI, and nixA were decreased to different degrees. Therefore, patchouli alcohol could inhibit H. pylori urease activity in both acidic and neutral conditions, and the mechanism may be related to down-regulation of urease gene expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/antagonistas & inibidores , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Genes Bacterianos , Helicobacter pylori/enzimologia
9.
Exp Ther Med ; 13(6): 3424-3432, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28587421

RESUMO

Suo Quan Wan (SQW) has been used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in elderly patients for hundreds of years in China. ß-adrenoceptors (ß-ARs), particularly ß3-adrenoceptor (ß3-AR), was reported to be important in the bladder dysfunction of the elderly. The present study was conducted to explore the effect of ß-AR, and particularly the ß3-adrenoceptor, in aging rat bladder function in vitro and to test the therapeutic effect of SQW on LUTS in an aging rat model based on the ß3-adrenoceptor. Briefly, the bladder detrusor muscles of young (age, 3 months) and aging (age, 15 months) female rats were separated. A ß-AR non-selective agonist, isoprenaline (ISO), subtype ß3-AR agonist (BRL37344A) and ß3-AR antagonist (SR59230A) were used to define the tension change of detrusor muscles between young and aging rats in vitro. For blank controls, 12 young rats were marked, and 48 aging female rats were randomly divided into four groups as follows: Model, SQW high, SQW middle and SQW low. Following oral administration of SQW for 6 weeks in aging rats, urodynamic and bladder detrusor tests were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of SQW. The expression of ß3-AR mRNA was investigated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Using ISO and BRL37344A in vitro, maximum relaxation (Emax), intrinsic activity (IA), and log (50% effective concentration) (PD2) were significantly decreased in aging rats compared with that in young rats (P<0.05). Significant changes were also observed in the ß3-AR antagonist experiment, which blocked ISO-induced relaxation, with significant decreases observed in Emax, IA and PD2, and a significant increase observed in PA2 for the aging rats compared with the young controls (P<0.05). SQW was demonstrated to enhance bladder control, storage and contraction ability. Furthermore, SQW was able to increase the sensitivity and expression of ß3-AR in an aging rat. In conclusion, the decrease in ß3-AR sensitivity in aging rats and the expression resulted in bladder detrusor dysfunction. In addition, the therapeutic effect of SQW against LUTS relies on the former's effect on the urethral sphincter, bladder detrusor and ß3-AR.

10.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 18(5): 449-452, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28471119

RESUMO

Pheochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor which derives from chromaffin cells of the adrenal gland or relevant to sympathetic nerves and ganglia. The clinical features of pheochromocytoma are various. Paroxysmal episodes of serious hypertension, headache, palpitation, and diaphoresis are the typical manifestations (Bravo, 2004). Hypotension shock, pulmonary edema, and acute coronary syndrome induced by pheochromocytoma are uncommon (Malindretos et al., 2008; Batisse-Lignier et al., 2015). In this study, we present a rare case of cystic pheochromocytoma causing recurrent hypotension shock, non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and acute coronary syndrome, and the possible mechanisms are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Feocromocitoma/complicações , Feocromocitoma/diagnóstico , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Choque/etiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/terapia , Cistos/complicações , Cistos/diagnóstico , Cistos/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/etiologia , Hipotensão/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feocromocitoma/terapia , Edema Pulmonar/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Choque/diagnóstico , Choque/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0168944, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28045966

RESUMO

In this paper, we evaluated the anti-Helicobacter pylori activity and the possible inhibitory effect on its associated urease by Palmatine (Pal) from Coptis chinensis, and explored the potential underlying mechanism. Results indicated that Pal exerted inhibitory effect on four tested H. pylori strains (ATCC 43504, NCTC 26695, SS1 and ICDC 111001) by the agar dilution test with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 100 to 200 µg/mL under neutral environment (pH 7.4), and from 75 to 100 µg/mL under acidic conditions (pH 5.3), respectively. Pal was observed to significantly inhibit both H. pylori urease (HPU) and jack bean urease (JBU) in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 0.53 ± 0.01 mM and 0.03 ± 0.00 mM, respectively, as compared with acetohydroxamic acid, a well-known urease inhibitor (0.07 ± 0.01 mM for HPU and 0.02 ± 0.00 mM for JBU, respectively). Kinetic analyses showed that the type of urease inhibition by Pal was noncompetitive for both HPU and JBU. Higher effectiveness of thiol protectors against urease inhibition than the competitive Ni2+ binding inhibitors was observed, indicating the essential role of the active-site sulfhydryl group in the urease inhibition by Pal. DTT reactivation assay indicated that the inhibition on the two ureases was reversible, further supporting that sulfhydryl group should be obligatory for urease inhibition by Pal. Furthermore, molecular docking study indicated that Pal interacted with the important sulfhydryl groups and inhibited the active enzymatic conformation through N-H ∙ π interaction, but did not interact with the active site Ni2+. Taken together, Pal was an effective inhibitor of H. pylori and its urease targeting the sulfhydryl groups, representing a promising candidate as novel urease inhibitor. This investigation also gave additional scientific support to the use of C. chinensis to treat H. pylori-related gastrointestinal diseases in traditional Chinese medicine. Pal might be a potentially beneficial therapy for gastritis and peptic ulcers induced by H. pylori infection and other urease-related diseases.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Coptis/química , Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Domínio Catalítico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/enzimologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Níquel/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Especificidade da Espécie , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Urease/metabolismo
12.
J Electromyogr Kinesiol ; 28: 114-22, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27111032

RESUMO

Surface electromyographic (SEMG) activity of the masseter and anterior temporalis (TA) muscles has been reported to be associated with occlusion and orofacial pain. However, our recent report did not reveal an association between the side of orofacial pain and the side showing higher or lower level of SEMG activity of masseter or TA. The present purpose was to re-test this association in patients who had unilateral scissors-bite relationship. Thirty-two unilateral scissors-bite femalepatients complaining of unilateral orofacial pain (n=15) or TMJ sounds (n=17) were enrolled to simultaneously record contacts, force distribution of occlusion, and SEMG activity of masseter and TA during centric maximal voluntary clenching (MVC). The results indicated that neither orofacial pain nor the TMJ sounds had an association with the masseter's SEMG values, while scissors-bite had (P<0.05). A lower SEMG value for masseter was found on the scissors-bite side where there was a smaller number of contacts and a lower biting force distribution (P<0.05). No such association was revealed in TA. In conclusion, in patients with unilateral TMD symptom(s) and scissors-bite, the jawclosing muscles' SEMG activity during centric MVC was associated with the scissors-bite rather than the symptoms of orofacial pain or TMJ sounds.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Músculo Masseter/fisiologia , Contração Muscular , Músculo Temporal/fisiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos
13.
Chin J Nat Med ; 13(3): 215-21, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25835366

RESUMO

A rapid and validated UPLC-MS method was developed for investigating the absorbed components of Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merrill (P. scandensy) in rat plasma. The bioactive constituents in plasma samples from rats administrated orally with P. scandens extract were analyzed by Ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Four prototype compounds were identified in rat serum as potential bioactive components of P. scandens by comparing their retention times and mass spectrometry data or by mass spectrometry analysis and retrieving the reference literatures. Glucuronidation after deglycosylation was the major metabolic pathway for the iridoid glycosides in P. scandens. These results showed that the methods had high sensitivity and resolution and were suitable for identifying the bioactive constituents in plasma after oral administration of P. scandens. providing helpful chemical information for further pharmacological and mechanistic researched on the P. scandens.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Glicosídeos Iridoides/sangue , Rubiaceae/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Administração Oral , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Heart Lung ; 44(2): 165-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25481235

RESUMO

Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare leukoproliferative systemic disorder characterized by sustained overproduction of eosinophils and poor prognosis. A case that a 67-year-old man with persistent symptoms of heart failure due to cardiac involvement in idiopathic HES is concentrated on. Echocardiography revealed the marked endocardial thickening of both ventricles with an apical obstruction of the right ventricle. Medical therapy, including low dose dopamine and furosemidum, was initiated with corticosteroids, imatinib and hydroxycarbamide. Remission of symptoms had persisted for only 3 weeks. As the count of eosinophils rebounded, the patient suffered with refractory heart failure, severe hypoxemia and acute renal insufficiency, eventually died 62 days after his hospitalization. The rechecking of his last MRI showed thrombus both in right atrium and superior vena cava, which indicated that he might have died of pulmonary embolism, besides the refractory heart failure and multiple organ failure.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/diagnóstico , Trombose/diagnóstico , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Veia Cava Superior/patologia
15.
Chem Biol Interact ; 222: 27-36, 2014 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25168850

RESUMO

Pogostemonis Herba is an important Chinese medicine widely used in the treatment of gastrointestinal dysfunction. Patchouli alcohol (PA), a tricyclic sesquiterpene, is the major active constituent of Pogostemonis Herba. This study aimed to investigate the possible anti-ulcerogenic potential of PA and the underlying mechanism against ethanol, indomethacin and water immersion restraint-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Gross and histological gastric lesions, biochemical and immunological parameters were taken into consideration. The gastric mucus content and the antisecretory activity were analyzed through pylorus ligature model in rats. Results indicated that oral administration with PA significantly reduced the ulcer areas induced by ethanol, indomethacin and water immersion restraint. PA pretreatment significantly promoted gastric prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and non-protein sulfhydryl group (NP-SH) levels, upregulated the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression, and considerably boosted the gastric blood flow (GBF) and gastric mucus production in comparison with vehicle. In addition, PA modulated the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The levels of glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and malonaldehyde (MDA) were also restored by PA. However, the gastric secretion parameters (pH, volume of gastric juice and pepsin) did not show any significant alteration. These findings suggest that PA exhibited significant gastroprotective effects against gastric ulceration. The underlying mechanisms might involve the stimulation of COX-mediated PGE2, improvement of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory status, preservation of GBF and NP-SH, as well as boost of gastric mucus production.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Citocinas/sangue , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Etanol/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/fisiopatologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Indometacina/toxicidade , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Muco/metabolismo , Prostaglandina-Endoperóxido Sintases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Úlcera Gástrica/etiologia , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo
16.
Environ Monit Assess ; 186(11): 7461-73, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25060861

RESUMO

Ambient air samples were collected at two different locations between 2011 and 2012 in Zhengzhou, China in order to assess the concentration level, health risks, as well as the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in particulate matter (PM2.5). The mean annual levels of PM2.5 observed at industry site and residential site were 172 ± 121 and 160 ± 72 µg m(-3), respectively, which were about five times the annual value of proposed PM2.5 standard (35 µg m(-3)) in China. The PM2.5 in all daily samples (n = 47) exceeds the proposed PM2.5 standard in China (75 µg m(-3)) at both industrial and residential sites. Seasonal variations of PM2.5 showed a clear trend of winter > autumn > spring > summer at both sites. The total concentrations of 16 PM2.5-associated PAHs ranged from 61 ± 51 to 431 ± 281 and 38 ± 25 to 254 ± 189 ng m(-3), with mean value of 176 ± 233 and 111 ± 146 ng m(-3) at industry and residential sites, respectively. The major species were fluoranthene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo[b]fluoranthene and benzo[k]fluoranthene, and the concentration levels of PAHs in PM2.5 were higher in winter than those of other seasons at both sites. The annual mean values of toxicity equivalency concentrations of ∑16PAHs in PM2.5 were 22.8 and 13.5 ng m(-3) in industry and residential area, respectively. In this study, the risk level of adult citizens through inhalation exposure to PAHs was calculated. The average estimates of lifetime inhalation cancer risks were approximately 8.9 × 10(-7) and 6.3 × 10(-7) for industry and residential sites, respectively. The main sources of 16 PAHs from both diagnostic ratios and principle component analysis identified as vehicular emissions and coal combustion.


Assuntos
Carcinógenos/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/análise , Exposição por Inalação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Estações do Ano , Emissões de Veículos/análise
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