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1.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 80, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The bioconversion of phytosterols into high value-added steroidal intermediates, including the 9α-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (9-OHAD) and 22-hydroxy-23,24-bisnorchol-4-ene-3-one (4-HBC), is the cornerstone in steroid pharmaceutical industry. However, the low transportation efficiency of hydrophobic substrates into mycobacterial cells severely limits the transformation. In this study, a robust and stable modification of the cell wall in M. neoaurum strain strikingly enhanced the cell permeability for the high production of steroids. RESULTS: The deletion of the nonessential kasB, encoding a ß-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase, led to a disturbed proportion of mycolic acids (MAs), which is one of the most important components in the cell wall of Mycobacterium neoaurum ATCC 25795. The determination of cell permeability displayed about two times improvement in the kasB-deficient strain than that of the wild type M. neoaurum. Thus, the deficiency of kasB in the 9-OHAD-producing strain resulted in a significant increase of 137.7% in the yield of 9α-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (9-OHAD). Ultimately, the 9-OHAD productivity in an industrial used resting cell system was reached 0.1135 g/L/h (10.9 g/L 9-OHAD from 20 g/L phytosterol) and the conversion time was shortened by 33%. In addition, a similar self-enhancement effect (34.5%) was realized in the 22-hydroxy-23,24-bisnorchol-4-ene-3-one (4-HBC) producing strain. CONCLUSIONS: The modification of kasB resulted in a meaningful change in the cell wall mycolic acids. Deletion of the kasB gene remarkably improved the cell permeability, leading to a self-enhancement of the steroidal intermediate conversion. The results showed a high efficiency and feasibility of this construction strategy.

2.
Fitoterapia ; : 104573, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222428

RESUMO

Three undescribed azaphilones, phomopsones A-C (1-3) and two known azaphilones (4-5) were isolated from the culture of endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. CGMCC No.5416 from the stems of Achyranthes bidentata. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis (HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR), and the absolute configurations were determined by CD spectroscopy. Compounds 2 and 3 showed significant inhibitory activities against HIV-1 with against HIV-1 with IC50 values of 7.6 and 0.5 µmol/L, respectively. Compounds 2 and 3 also displayed moderate cytotoxicity with CC50 values of 3.2-303 µmol/L against A549, MDA-MB-231 and PANC-1 cell lines. Moreover, compound 3 can induce the early apoptosis of PANC-1 cancer cells with the apoptosis rate of 28.54%.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 109941, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) has been regarded as a kind of the most common cancers in gastrointestinal malignant tumors. Circular RNA (circRNA) is a newly discovered category of non-coding RNAs and plays a significant role in the initiation or development of human cancers. Nevertheless, the role of circPIP5K1A in GC remains unclear. METHODS: The relative expression level and the circular structure of circPIP5K1A were confirmedby RT-qPCR. The biological function of circPIP5K1A in GC was evaluated by colony formation, transwell and western blot assays. The binding capacity between miR-671-5p and circPIP5K1A (or KRT80) was assessed by luciferase reporter and Ago2-RIP assays. Protein levels of PI3K/AKT pathway were measured by western blot assay. RESULTS: CircPIP5K1A was up-regulated in GC tissues and cells with a circular structure. Functionally, circPIP5K1A silence limited cell proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT process. Mechanistically, circPIP5K1A directly interacted with miR-671-5p to modulate KRT80 expression. Either miR-671-5p inhibitor or KRT80 overexpression could offset the inhibitory effect of circPIP5K1A depletion on GC development. Besides, circPIP5K1A played its oncogenic role in GC through regulating PI3K/AKT pathway. At last, circPIP5K1A promoted GC tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: CircPIP5K1A/miR-671-5p/KRT80 axis contributes to GC progression through PI3K/AKT pathway, implying this axis may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of GC patients.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19270, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080137

RESUMO

Precise predictive tools are critical for choosing the individualized treatment protocols and follow-up procedures for patients with gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we aimed to evaluate and validate the prognostic abilities of preoperative nutrition and immunity parameters in GC after curative R0 resection.We established two nomograms based on 437 patients who underwent curative radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer to predict the postoperative overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS), and then compared the predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomograms with the TNM stage systems for GC. An internal validation cohort of 141 patients and an external validation cohort of 116 patients were used to validate the result.The independent predictive factors for OS or RFS, including T stage, N stage, differentiated degree, neutrophil monocyte lymphocyte ratio (NMLR) and albumin globulin ratio (AGR) were used to establish the 2 nomograms. The C-index of the OS nomogram was 0.802, which was higher than that of the AGR, the NMLR and the TNM stage. The C-index of the RFS nomogram was 0.850, which was higher than that of the AGR, the NMLR and the TNM stage. Analogously, the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUROCs, 0.920 for OS and 0.897 for RFS, respectively) of the two nomograms were higher than that of the NMLR, the AGR and the TNM stage. In the internal validation cohort, the C-indexes of the OS and RFS nomograms were 0.812 and 0.826, respectively. In the external validation cohort, the C-indexes of the OS and RFS nomograms were 0.866 and 0.880, respectively.The proposed nomograms including nutrition and immunity parameters were proved to have excellent predictive ability in survival and recurrence for patients with GC after R0 resection.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Globulinas/análise , Humanos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Monócitos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
5.
Nano Lett ; 20(2): 918-928, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815484

RESUMO

We combined advanced TEM (HRTEM, HAADF, EELS) with solid-state (SS)MAS NMR and electroanalytical techniques (GITT, etc.) to understand the site-specific sodiation of selenium (Se) encapsulated in a nanoporous carbon host. The architecture employed is representative of a wide number of electrochemically stable and rate-capable Se-based sodium metal battery (SMB) cathodes. SSNMR demonstrates that during the first sodiation, the Se chains are progressively cut to form an amorphous mixture of polyselenides of varying lengths, with no evidence for discrete phase transitions during sodiation. It also shows that Se nearest the carbon pore surface is sodiated first, leading to the formation of a core-shell compositional profile. HRTEM indicates that the vast majority of the pore-confined Se is amorphous, with the only localized presence of nanocrystalline equilibrium Na2Se2 (hcp) and Na2Se (fcc). A nanoscale fracture of terminally sodiated Na-Se is observed by HAADF, with SSNMR, indicating a physical separation of some Se from the carbon host after the first cycle. GITT reveals a 3-fold increase in Na+ diffusivity at cycle 2, which may be explained by the creation of extra interfaces. These combined findings highlight the complex phenomenology of electrochemical phase transformations in nanoconfined materials, which may profoundly differ from their "free" counterparts.

6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 148: 111826, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707327

RESUMO

In this study, a multiple-legged and highly integrated DNA rolling walker based electrochemical biosensor was developed for ultrasensitive ctDNA analysis through rolling circle amplification (RCA) with doxorubicin@tetrahedron-Au (DOX@TDN-Au) as electrochemical indicator. Upon target-driven RCA, the multiple-legged walker could move along with the predesigned track by strand displacement reactions, resulting in numbers of legs binding irreversibly to iStep probes. The binding of massive legs to iStep probes could effectively impede DOX@TDN-Au tags binding on the surface of sensor and then reached a "signal off" state. Benefiting from the highly amplified efficiency of rolling walker machine and DOX@TDN-Au tags, the established biosensor performed high sensitivity for target detection with a low limit of detection down to 0.29 fM. Moreover, the target ctDNA could hybridize with the ring and capture probe simultaneously, greatly enhancing the specificity of the developed biosensing method. Thus, this biosensing method is a promising tool for detection of ctDNA in the field of clinical diagnostic and tumor progression assessment.

7.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 73(3): 194-199, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873196

RESUMO

Three undescribed chromanones (1-3) and two known chromanones (4 and 5) were isolated from the culture of endophytic fungus Phomopsis CGMCC No. 5416 from the stems of Achyranthes bidentata. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibitory activities against HIV-1 with IC50 values of 20.4 and 32.5 µg ml-1, respectively. Compounds 1-3 displayed moderate cytotoxicity with CC50 values of 36.5-79.3 µg ml-1 against A549, MDA-MB-231, and PANC-1 cell lines. Moreover, compound 3 can induce the early apoptosis of PANC-1 cancer cells with the apoptosis rate of 10.52%.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17859, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic performance of cytology (fine-needle aspiration cytology [FNAC]), thyroglobulin (fine-needle aspiration thyroglobulin [FNA-Tg]), and combination of them in the washout of fine-needle aspiration for those patients who have suspicious metastatic lymph nodes of differentiated thyroid cancer. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2019. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy scale-2 was used to conduct quality assessments, and publication bias was evaluated using the Deeks funnel plot. STATA version 14.0 was used to perform the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2257 patients with 2786 samples of suspicious metastatic lymph nodes of differentiated thyroid cancer were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that the diagnostic value for detecting lymph node metastasis of differentiated thyroid cancer was as follows: combination of FNAC and FNA-Tg > FNA-Tg > FNAC. All differences of superiority among them are statistically significant. The sensitivity of the combination was 0.968 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.942-0.983), the specificity was 0.932 (95% CI: 0.856-0.969), the diagnostic score was 6.036 (95% CI: 4.892-7.181), the diagnostic odds ratio was 418.424 (95% CI: 133.167-1314.729), and the score of summary receiver operating characteristic was 0.99 (95% CI: 0.97-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of FNAC and FNA-Tg is an excellent procedure in diagnosis of lymph nodes metastasis of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer, which should be highly recommended.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Tireoglobulina/análise , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
9.
Oncol Lett ; 18(5): 5205-5214, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612031

RESUMO

The present study aimed to compare the predictive abilities of preoperative systemic inflammatory/immune cell ratios in gastric cancer (GC) following curative R0 resection, and to screen the optimal parameter incorporated into nomograms to predict the postoperative overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). A total of 679 patients with GC were included in the study, divided into a primary cohort (300 cases), an internal validation cohort (278 cases), and an external validation cohort (101 cases). In the primary cohort, the prognostic abilities of all systemic inflammatory/immune cell accounts or ratios were compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the neutrophil-monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (NMLR) was largest for the prediction of OS (AUC=0.728) and RFS (AUC=0.695). The independent predictive factors for OS or RFS, including NMLR, degree of differentiation (DD), T-stage and N-stage were used to establish the 2 nomograms. The comprehensive predictive power of nomograms was compared with that of the tumor-nodes-metastasis (TNM) staging system and validated by bootstrap resampling. The concordance indexes (C-indexes) of the nomograms for OS [C-index, 0.851; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.817-0.883] and RFS (C-index, 0.860; 95% CI, 0.831-0.889), were increased compared with those for the DD, the NMLR and the TNM stage. The AUCs of the 2 nomograms (0.933 for OS and 0.944 for RFS) were largest among all predictive scoring systems. In the internal validation cohort, the C-indexes of the nomograms for OS and RFS were 0.840 and 0.916, respectively. In the external validation cohort, the C-indexes of the nomograms for OS and RFS nomograms were 0.827 and 0.891, respectively. The present study demonstrated that the NMLR was an independent prognostic factor for patients with GC. The proposed nomograms were demonstrated to have a good predictive ability with improved sensitivity and accuracy in survival and recurrence in patients with GC undergoing R0 resection.

10.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2019: 8693516, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379940

RESUMO

Objective: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a global epidemic and increases mortality due to its vascular complications. Chemerin has been found to exert a major role in glucose and lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between plasma chemerin levels and microangiopathy in patients with T2DM. Methods: A total of 598 T2DM patients were classified into two groups: with and without microvascular complications. Anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were taken. The amounts of glycosylated hemoglobin, glucose, lipid profiles, creatinine, and chemerin concentrations in the blood were determined. The presence and severity of nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy were also evaluated by specific tests. Results: Plasma levels of chemerin in diabetic subjects with microvascular complications were markedly elevated compared to those without. The number of microvascular complications increased with high plasma chemerin levels. Patients with high chemerin levels had an increased incidence of nephropathy and retinopathy. Furthermore, the chemerin plasma concentrations increased with the progression of diabetic nephropathy with highest values in macroalbuminuria groups. In contrast, no significant difference was observed in plasma chemerin levels between subjects with and without peripheral neuropathy. Pearson correlation analysis showed that plasma chemerin levels were positively related to duration of diabetes, serum creatinine, and 24-hour urine albumin excretion, even after multiple adjustments. Using logistic regression analysis, plasma chemerin concentrations were independently associated with the presence of nephropathy and retinopathy, not neuropathy. Conclusion: This study elucidated a positive correlation between increased chemerin levels and the development of some subtypes of diabetic microangiopathy.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269513

RESUMO

PURPOSE: SUDOSCAN, a new non-invasive, quick, sensitive and quantitative technique, has been developed to detect diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and the latter is believed to be correlated with impaired ß-cell function. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the associations between ß-cell function indices and sudomotor function in Chinese type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 266 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled. Sudomotor function was assessed using electrochemical skin conductance of hands and feet. Pancreatic ß-cell function was determined by homeostasis model assessment of ß-cell function index, early-phase ß-cell function indices and total ß-cell function indices. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis were carried out to explore the associations between ß-cell function indices and sudomotor function. RESULTS: Patients with lower early-phase ß-cell function had lower electrochemical skin conductance levels of hands and feet and higher asymmetry ratio of hands and feet. Both Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed significantly positive relationships between early-phase ß-cell function and electrochemical skin conductance levels of hands and feet, after controlling for potential confounders (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Impaired early-phase ß-cell function was positively associated with sudomotor dysfunction in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. We speculated that impaired early-phase ß-cell function may be associated with the incidence of sudomotor dysfunction in patients with T2DM.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e16066, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192969

RESUMO

To identify the value of predictors of poor prognosis of elderly patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery, we investigated the relations between albumin to globulin ratio (AGR) and clinicopathological findings.We conducted a retrospective cohort study of clinicopathological characteristics (general status, pathological features of tumors, preoperative laboratory data, disease free, and overall survival) for elderly patients with stage I-III rectal cancer. The AGR is calculated as albumin/(total protein - albumin).According to the optimal cut-off point of AGR (1.43), the enrolled patients were divided into low AGR (n = 83) and high AGR (n = 136) groups. Meanwhile, age, hemoglobin, tumor size, and differentiation degree were the independent risk factors of low preoperative AGR value. Compared to patients with high AGR, those with low AGR were related to worse disease-free survival (DFS) (P = .0008) and overall survival (OS) (P = .0003). Moreover, in multivariate analysis, low AGR and poor TNM stage were the independent predictor of poor DFS and OS. Finally, the nomograms illustrated the effect of prognostic factors on DFS and OS.Preoperative AGR has a significant prognostic value and was identified as an independent predictor of DFS and OS in elderly rectal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/sangue , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Albumina Sérica/análise , Soroglobulinas/análise , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e16092, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on octogenarian patients with gastric cancer (GC) who have undergone gastrectomy. This meta-analysis of published studies was performed to assess the safety of treating octogenarian GC patients with surgery. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched until January 2019. The incidence of preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications, and mortality was assessed using odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Further, the hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were applied for survival outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 18,179 patients with GC in 21 studies were included. Our results demonstrated that octogenarian patients were associated with a higher burden of comorbidities (OR = 2.79; 95% CI: 2.37, 3.28; P = .00), high incidences of overall postoperative complications (OR = 1.48; 95% CI: 1.22, 1.81; P = .00), medical postoperative complications (OR = 2.58; 95% CI: 1.91, 3.49; P = .00), in-hospital mortality (OR = 3.24; 95% CI: 2.43, 4.31; P = .00) and poor overall survival (HR = 1.96; 95% CI: 1.65, 2.27; P = .00). CONCLUSIONS: Considering the high burden of comorbidities, high incidences of postoperative complications and mortality, surgery for extremely elderly patients with GC requires deliberation. Individualized treatment is recommended for such patients.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(19): e15663, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the incidence of proximal early gastric cancer (EGC) has been rising rapidly. Prevalent surgical methods are proximal gastrectomy (PG) and total gastrectomy (TG); however, which method is superior remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of original articles to compare the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of PG with TG for proximal EGC. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched up to October 2018. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was utilized to conduct quality assessments, and publication bias was evaluated using Egger test. STATA version 14.0 was used to perform the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2036 patients with proximal EGC in 18 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that PG was potentially superior to TG regarding operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, and long-term nutritional status. Overall survival between the PG and TG groups was not significantly different. PG was associated with a high incidence of 2 kinds of postoperative complications: anastomotic stenosis and reflux esophagitis. However, the incidence of these complications associated with esophagojejunostomy with double-tract reconstruction (DTR) was comparable with that of TG. CONCLUSIONS: PG has several advantages over TG for the treatment of proximal EGC, including surgical outcomes and long-term nutritional status. However, anastomotic stenosis and reflux esophagitis frequently occurred in patients undergoing PG. Esophagojejunostomy with DTR could offer a solution to reducing the incidence of these complications.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Humanos
15.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 852: 189-197, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876979

RESUMO

The bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) protein BRD4 is emerging as a potential target for cancer therapy. However, BRD4 roles in regulating the stemness of gastric cancer cells are unclear. Here, we demonstrated that BRD4 expression was significantly increased in gastric cancer tissues, cell spheroids, and BRD4 knockdown attenuated the stemness of gastric cancer cells characterized as the decrease of stemness markers expression, capacity of cells spheroids formation and ALDH1 activity. Importantly, BRD4 expression was negatively correlated with overall survival, first progression survival and post progression survival of gastric cancer patients. Mechanistic investigations revealed that miR-216a-3p was the most remarkably upregulated miRNA in response to BRD4 knockdown and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was necessary for BRD4-mediated promotion on the stemness of gastric cancer cells. Additionally, BRD4 directly bound to the promoter and promoted the methylation level of MIR216A promoter, thus decreasing miR-216a-3p level. Notably, Wnt3a was identified as the direct target of miR-216a-3p in gastric cancer cells. Therefore, our results defined a BRD4/miR-216a-3p/Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in regulating the stemness of gastric cancer cells.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares/deficiência , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/deficiência , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(2): e14027, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic function is closely associated with prognosis in patients with hepatocellular cancer (HCC). In this study, a meta-analysis of the published studies was performed to assess the prognostic value of ALBI grade in HCC patients. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were retrieved up to August 2018. The primary outcome was OS and secondary outcome was DFS, the prognostic impact of which was assessed by using hazard ratio (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The enrolled studies were analyzed by using STATA version 12.0 software. RESULTS: A total of 22,911 patients with HCC in 32 studies were included. Our results demonstrated that high pretreatment ALBI is associated with poor OS (HR = 1.719, 95%CI: 1.666-1.771, P = .000, univariate results; HR = 1.602, 95%CI: 1.470-1.735, P = .000, multivariate results) and poor DFS (HR = 1.411, 95%CI: 1.262-1.561, P = .000, univariate results; HR = 1.264, 95%CI: 1.042-1.485, P = .000, multivariate results). Meanwhile, when the analysis was stratified into subgroups, such as treatment methods, sample size, geographic area, and ALBI grade, the significant correlation in ALBI and poor long-term survival was not altered. CONCLUSION: High pretreatment ALBI is closely associated with poor prognosis in HCC, and High ALBI should be treated as an ideal predictor during hepatocellular therapy.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Albumina Sérica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Humanos , Prognóstico
17.
J Sep Sci ; 42(5): 1088-1104, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663861

RESUMO

Dendrobium huoshanense, a unique species in the genus Orchidaceae, is only found in China and is known as "mihu". Due to the lack of quality control, the use of D. huoshanense in the herbal market has been limited. In this study, methods based on thin-layer chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry were used to identify the flavonoids in D. huoshanense and distinguish this species from other Dendrobium species. Using thin-layer chromatography, a characteristic band was observed for D. huoshanense, and this band was absent from the thin-layer chromatography plates of other Dendrobium species. Then, using high-performance liquid chromatography, nine peaks of flavonoids were observed in the chromatograms of ten batches of D. huoshanense. Ultimately, 22 flavonoids in D. huoshanense were identified by multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry, and 11 of these compounds are being reported from D. huoshanense for the first time. In addition, two compounds both with molecular weights of 710, were identified as being unique to D. huoshanense; one of these compounds, apigenin-6-C-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-ß-D-glucoside-8-C-α-L-arabinoside, was proven to be responsible for the characteristic thin-layer chromatography band of D. huoshanense. These analysis methods can be applied for the identification and quality control of D. Huoshanense.


Assuntos
Dendrobium/química , Flavonoides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia em Camada Delgada , Dendrobium/classificação , Especificidade da Espécie , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(4): e14235, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681607

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP) are tumors composed by a monoclonal population of plasma cells that arise in extraosseus tissues, occupying <5% of all plasma cell neoplasms. Gastrointestinal solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma is rare, just comprises about 5% of all EMPs. The most common site is small intestine. The gastric incidence is much rare and especially the plasmablastic plasmacytoma in the stomach. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old man had an epigastric discomfort and mass for about 2 months. Gastroscopy revealed a malignant tumor in the gastric body. Abdomen computed tomography (CT) showed that the gastric cavity was filled, and the irregular soft tissue shadow was seen in the greater curvature, and the enhancement was obvious. To get more tissue, we conducted stomach puncture biopsy. Pathology showed small-round cell malignant tumors. And immunohistochemical examinations revealed that the tumor tend to be a plasma cell tumor. DIAGNOSIS: Gastric plasma cell tumor. INTERVENTIONS: Distal gastrectomy was performed to treat the tumor. OUTCOMES: In addition to ascites caused by hypoproteinemia, there were no postoperative complications. Postoperative pathologic report showed plasmablastic plasmacytoma. Histopathologic examination of the specimen revealed plasmablastic plasmacytoma originating in the stomach with transmural extension, but without lymph node metastasis. The patient is regularly followed up at a postoperative clinic and is doing well, and at present there is no plan for adjuvant treatment. LESSONS: Surgical resection is good option for gastrointestinal EMP.


Assuntos
Plasmocitoma/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Masculino , Plasmocitoma/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia
19.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 72(3): 164-168, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30560938

RESUMO

Two novel quinomycins I (1) and J (3) were discovered by UPLC-MS, then the two novel compounds and five known quinomycins A(2), B(4), E(5), C(6) and monosulfoxide quinomycin (7) were isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. HCCB11876. The structures of these compounds were elucidated through MS and NMR spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1-7 showed significant antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. The structure-activity relationship indicated that sulfoxide group in N-methylcysteine of quinomycins (1, 3 and 7) would significantly decrease the antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. Moreover, the antibacterial and cytotoxic activities were decreased with the increase of carbon chain in amino-acid residues.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Equinomicina/análogos & derivados , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Meios de Cultura/química , Equinomicina/química , Equinomicina/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Streptomyces/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 108: 338-346, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227327

RESUMO

This work aims to explore the roles and mechanisms of long non coding RNA (lncRNA) THOR in regulating the stemness of gastric cancer cells. RNA-sequencing combined with quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) indicated that lncRNA THOR level was significantly upregulated in gastric cancer tissues compared with that in normal adjacent tissues. Knockdown of THOR attenuated the stemnness of gastric cancer cells, evident by the decrease of stemness markers expression and capacity of cells spheroid formation. Further RNA-sequencing combined with qRT-PCR and western blot analysis demonstrated that expression of transcriptional factor SOX9 was remarkably decreased in gastric cancer cells with THOR stable knockdown. Additionally, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) combined with luciferase reporter assay revealed that THOR directly bound to SOX9 3' untranslated region (3'UTR), but not its 5'UTR or coding area. Notably, overexpression of SOX9 rescued THOR knockdown-mediated inhibition on the stemness of gastric cancer cells. Thus, our results suggest that THOR could potentiate the stemness of gastric cancer cells via directly binding to SOX9 3'UTR.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo
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