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Nephrology (Carlton) ; 26(1): 54-61, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749777


BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is common in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). However, little is known about the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) levels in HD patients. METHODS: Eligible HD patients were enrolled in this study according to prespecified inclusion and exclusion criteria. Endothelial function was assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Plasma CoQ10, serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were measured. The potential confounders identified by univariate analyses (P < 0.15) were selected in a stepwise multiple regression model. RESULTS: In total, 111 HD patients were enrolled in this study. The mean CoQ10 level was 633.53 ± 168.66 ng/mL, and endothelial dysfunction was prevalent (91.0%) using a cut-off value of 10% FMD. A significant correlation was observed between FMD and plasma CoQ10 level (r = 0.727, P < 0.001). After adjusting for potential parameters, a stepwise multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that CoQ10 level was an independent predictor of FMD (ß = 0.018, P < 0.001). When CoQ10 was dichotomized using the median value (639.74 ng/mL), the conclusion remained unchanged (ß = 0.584, P < 0.001). Pearson's correlation analyses revealed that plasma CoQ10 level was negatively correlated with MDA (r = -0.48, P < 0.001) and 8-OHdG (r = -0.43, P < 0.001) levels. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that impaired brachial artery FMD was common in HD patients. CoQ10 level was independently associated with FMD, and oxidative stress may constitute a link between CoQ10 level and endothelial dysfunction in these patients.

Neurosci Lett ; 740: 135461, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115643


BACKGROUND: Elderly patients receive propofol at regular intervals for sedation during gastrointestinal endoscopy. However, the link between cognition and intermittent propofol exposure remains unclear. Thus, we used aged rats to investigate the effect of propofol on cognition. METHODS: The study included two parts. In the first part, aged (18-20 months old) male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent intermittent intraperitoneal injection of propofol (200 mg/kg) or intralipid, every 9 days or once a day. In the second part, some aged rats received intraperitoneal injection of Bay 11-7082 (1 mg/kg), a specific inhibitor of NF-κB, 30 min before propofol injection. Memory tests were performed to evaluate cognition 24 h after the entire treatment. The hippocampal neuronal damage was assessed by TUNEL staining. The hippocampal levels of p-NF-κB p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 p20, and cleaved caspase-3 were detected by western blotting. The hippocampal and serum levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were evaluated using ELISA. RESULTS: There were no differences in the behavioral tests, hippocampal neuronal damage, and neuroinflammation between groups given intralipid and propofol treatment every 9 days. However, repeated propofol treatment once a day promoted activation of NF-κB and the NLRP3 inflammasome, inducing cognitive impairment and neuroinflammation. Interestingly, pretreatment with Bay-11-7082 not only inhibited NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome activation, but also attenuated neuronal damage and cognitive dysfunction in aged rats exposed to daily propofol treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent propofol treatment every 9 days may be safe for aged rats. However, propofol treatment once a day could impair the cognition of aged rats, partly through the activation of the NF-κB pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome, which may be a potential targets for the treatment of cognitive impairment in elderly patients.