Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 67
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914576

RESUMO

To explore the epidemiological characteristics, trends and relevant factors of pre-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2016 in Tianjin city, based on mortality surveillance information and household registration population information. Standardized mortality rates were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. From 1999 to 2016, the research result showed that the pre-hospital crude mortality rates of AMI were 39.47/100 000 to 90.64/100 000 and the standardized mortality rates were 30.92/100 000 to 53.90/100 000. The proportion of pre-hospital AMI deaths was 73.96%-81.92% (t=1.09, P>0.05) within the same period. Aged, female, rural residents, unmarried, divorced, widowed, low education level, and outdoor workers have a relative higher proportion of pre-hospital AMI mortality.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(20): 8921-8930, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of microRNA-424-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, and to investigate its influence on the expression of ITGB1 and potential regulatory mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the level of microRNA-424-5p in 44 paired NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues. The relation between microRNA-424-5p expression and NSCLC clinical indicators was analyzed. Subsequently, microRNA-424-5p mimics and inhibitors were transfected into NSCLC cells to construct microRNA-424-5p overexpression or knockdown models, respectively. QRT-PCR was used to further verify the transfection efficiency. A series of experiments, including cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), and flow cytometry were used to analyze the effect of microRNA-424-5p on the biological function of NSCLC A549 and H358 cells. Finally, the potential association between microRNA-424-5p and its downstream gene ITGB1 was explored through luciferase reporter gene assay and cell recovery experiment. RESULTS: QRT-PCR results showed that microRNA-424-5p level was significantly lower in NSCLC tissues than that of adjacent normal tissues. Compared with patients with high expression of microRNA-424-5p, the pathological stage of those with low expression of microRNA-424-5p was significantly higher. In vitro experiments showed that microRNA-424-5p overexpression remarkably decreased cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis, which were further validated in microRNA-424-5p inhibitor group. Subsequently, ITGB1 expression was found significantly up-regulated in NSCLC cell lines and tissues. Meanwhile, ITGB1 expression was negatively correlated with microRNA-424-5p level. In addition, a recovery experiment indicated that overexpression of ITGB1 could counteract the effect of microRNA-424-5p mimics on the proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. All these findings revealed that microRNA-424-5p and ITGB1 affected the malignant progression of NSCLC. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-424-5p was closely correlated with the pathological stage and poor prognosis of NSCLC, thereby inhibiting the occurrence and development of NSCLC.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(5): 2216-2222, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects and mechanism of action of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-21 on the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) in atherosclerosis (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were fed with a high-fat diet, and the oil red staining was adopted to compare AS between Sprague Dawley (SD) rats and miR-21 knockdown rats. At the in-vitro level, primary rat VSM cells (VSMCs) were selected and divided into miR-NC blank control group [miR-normal control (NC) group] and miR-21 overexpression group (miR-21 group) for relevant experimental detection. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to detect the effects of miR-21 on the proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Westernn blotting was applied to examine the changes in the levels of Cyclin D, a cell cycle-related protein, and the key factors of the Akt/ERK signaling pathway, such as phosphorylated-Akt (p-AKT), AKT, p-ERK1/2, and ERK1/2. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell activity assay kit was applied to determine the effects of miR-21 on the proliferation of VSMCs through regulating the Akt/ERK signaling pathway after the ERK signaling pathway inhibitor PD98059 and AKT inhibitor MK-2206 were given. RESULTS: Compared with that in miR-NC group, the level of AS in miR-21 knockdown rats were decreased significantly (p < 0.05). In the cell-level experiment, the overexpression of miR-21 promoted abnormal proliferation of VSMCs and activated the Akt/ERK signaling pathway (p < 0.05). MTT assay results revealed that inhibiting the Akt/ERK pathway could reverse the effects of miR-21 promoting proliferation and migration. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-21 promotes the proliferation and migration of VSMCs by activating the Akt/ERK pathway and aggravates AS. Knocking down miR-21 or inhibiting the Akt/ERK pathway can suppress the activation of VSMCs.

4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(3): 319-322, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841675

RESUMO

From 1999 to 2015, there were 6 186 cases of leukemia deaths in tianjin residents, the males accounted for 58.28% (3 605) and 52.31% (3 236) deaths lived in urban areas; the crude mortality rate of Leukemia increased from 3.47/100 000 to 4.28/100 000 [t=7.09, P<0.001, annual percent change (APC)=1.30%] and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 3.15/100 000 to 3.01/100 000 (t=-2.95, P=0.006, APC=-0.65%). Special attention should be focused on children, the elderly, males and rural residents.


Assuntos
Leucemia/mortalidade , Idoso , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(7): 709-714, 2018 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996297

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality of the residents with different characteristics from 2000 to 2016 in Tianjin. Methods: COPD mortality data in 2000-2016 were from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system. The mortality rate of COPD, difference in the rate by gender, age, and geographic distribution, and the trend over years were analyzed. Age-sex-standardized mortality rates of COPD were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. Joinpoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis were used to examine the trend of mortality. Results: The crude COPD mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 57.57/100 000 in 2000 to 28.23/100 000 in 2016 (annual percent change (APC)=-5.01%, Z=-64.76, P<0.001), and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 56.53/100 000 in 2000 to13.88/100 000 in 2016 (APC=-9.17%, Z=-100.83, P<0.001). The crude COPD mortality rate of males decreased from 54.57/100 000 to 27.77/100 000 (APC=-4.89%, Z=-43.63, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 57.52/100 000 to 14.63/100 000 (APC=-9.07%, Z=-71.48, P<0.001). The crude COPD mortality rate of females decreased from 60.63/100 000 to 28.68/100 000 (APC=-5.12%, Z=-47.92, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 55.53/100 000 to 13 13/100 000 (APC=-9.27%, Z=-71.13, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of COPD in urban areas decreased from 45.07/100 000 to 19.54/100 000 (APC=-5.35%, Z=-42.38, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 39.24/100 000 to 7.45/100 000 (Z=-63.97, P<0.001, APC=-10.22%). The crude mortality rate of COPD in rural areas decreased from 70.20/100 000 to 37.24/100 000 (APC=-4.77%, Z=-48.77, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 78.88/100 000 to 25.70/100 000 (APC=-7.59%, Z=-72.43, P<0.001). The COPD mortality rate in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas (P<0.001). The COPD mortality rate in 35 years old and over decreased from 2000 to 2016 (P<0.001). Conclusion: The COPD mortality in Tianjin decreased from 2000 to 2016. More efforts are need to reduce COPD mortality in Tianjin, in particular people in rural areas.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Vigilância da População , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(7): 526-534, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996615

RESUMO

Objective: To study clinical and genetic characteristics of a Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) family with the heteroplasmic m.14484T>C mutation. Methods: A cross-sectional study. The objects of the study included a 31-year-old male LHON patient with the heteroplasmic m.14484T>C mutation (the proband) who visited Department of Ophthalmology in the Affiliated Central Hospital of Qingdao University in March 2015 and other 36 matrilineal relatives in a four-generation family (12 males and 24 females aged 2-81 years, median 27 years). The visual acuity, intraocular pressure, fundus, color vision, visual field, visual evoked potential and optical coherence tomography were evaluated in maternal members. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence of fragments including m.14484 loci was detected by Sanger sequencing in 33 members. The sequencing peaks were analyzed by QSVanalyzer software to get the heteroplasmy levels of m.14484T>C mutation. The mtDNA of the proband was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Assembled sequence of mtDNA was compared with the updated consensus Cambridge sequence. The differences in visual evoked potential, optical coherence tomography and heteroplasmy levels were compared between two groups by the t-test, and among multiple groups by the single factor variance analysis. Results: Among the 33 maternal members of the family, 4 patients, 28 carriers and 1 person without a mutation were confirmed. The penetrance was 12.5% (4/32) . In addition to 4 patients with obvious abnormality on the ophthalmic examination, 5 carriers also appeared anomaly on the electrophysiological and visual function examinations. Compared to carriers, the amplitude of P100 was obviously decreased in the LHON patients[ (5.6±2.6) µV vs. (15.6±9.6) µV, t=2.880, P=0.006]. Significantly reduced values were seen in the average retinal nerve fiber layer thickness[ (71±17) µm vs. (99±11) µm, t=5.969, P< 0.001], in each side of the sub-area macular thickness, and in the nasal side of the lateral sub-area macular thickness [ (260±16) µm vs. (291±12) µm, t=5.593, P<0.001] between the LHON patients and carriers. The heteroplasmic levels were 80%±3% in the LHON patients, and 27%±18% in the unaffected members;the difference was significant (t=-8.395, P<0.001). The average degree of heteroplasmy had no difference between male and female members (48%±34% vs. 35%±28%, t=-1.147, P=0.258). The average mutation load was 29%±14% in the second generation members, 36%±29% in the third generation members, and 51%±36% in the fourth generation members;the differences were not statistically significant (F=1.152, P=0.330). The difference in the heteroplasmic levels was not statistically significant between mothers and their offspring (31%±25% vs. 42%±32%, t=1.165, P=0.251). Compared to Cambridge consensus sequence, 41 mutations was found in mtDNA of the proband, of which, 10 were missense mutations, including mutations m.4216T>C and m.3394T>C. According to the phylogenetic tree, the haplotype of the proband was M9a (M9a1a1c1a). Conclusions: In the family with the heteroplasmic m.14484T>C mutation, clinical manifestations of LHON appear in the individuals whose heteroplasmic level is more than 75%, and all of patients show typical chronic optic atrophy on the ophthalmic examination. The carriers with the m.14484T>C mutation also appear anomaly on the electrophysiological and visual function examinations. The heteroplasmic level of m.14484T>C mutation has a tendency to increase during the transmission in the family. The primary mutation m.14484T>C coordinate mutations m.4216T>C and m.3394T>C to increase the penetrance and incidence of abnormal visual function in carriers. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54: 526-534).


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Mutação , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/genética , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/fisiopatologia , Linhagem , Filogenia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(4): 389-395, 2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614606

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mortality of the residents with different characteristics from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin. Methods: ICH mortality data in 1999-2015 were from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system. The mortality rate of ICH, difference in the rate by gender, age, and geographic distribution, and trends over the years were analyzed. Standardized mortality rates of ICH were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. Joinpoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend were used to examine the trends in mortality. Results: A total of 102 279 ICH death cases were observed in Tianjin from year 1999 to 2015. The crude ICH mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 76.35/100 000 in 1999 to 51.46/100 000 in 2015 (annual percent change (APC)=-1.96%, Z=-31.08, P<0.001) , and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 72.41/100 000 to 29.00/100 000 (APC=-5.20%, Z=-70.91, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH mortality in males decreased from 87.26/100 000 to 59.89/100 000 (APC=-1.79%, Z=-21.71, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 85.65/100 000 to 35.75/100 000 (APC=-4.93%, Z=-52.32, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH mortality in females decreased from 65.21/100 000 to 42.98/100 000 (APC=-2.18%, Z=-22.28, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 59.17/100 000 to 22.26/100 000 (APC=-5.63%, Z=-48.15, P<0.001). The ICH mortality rate under 35 years old increased from 0.78/100 000 to 0.92/100 000 (APC=4.41%, Z=5.07, P<0.001), especially in males increasing from 0.90/100 000 to 1.54/100 000 (APC=6.59%, Z=6.52, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH in urban areas decreased from 69.74/100 000 to 41.79/100 000 (APC=-3.18%, Z=-31.43, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 57.56/100 000 to 20.42/100 000 (APC=-6.59%, Z=-53.43, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH in rural areas decreased from 82.99/100 000 to 61.49/100 000 (APC=-1.10%, Z=-14.06, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 91.55/100 000 to 43.14/100 000 (APC=-3.78%, Z=-43.21, P<0.001). The ICH mortality rate in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas (P<0.05). Conclusion: ICH mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 1999 to 2015. Further efforts to reduce ICH mortality in Tianjin is needed, in particular males, under 35 years old, and people in rural areas.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Padrões de Referência , População Rural
8.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 46(2): 152-158, 2018 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495240

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of cerebral infarction between sexes, ages and urban-rural areas from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China, and provide data for targeted prevention and control strategies of cerebral infarction in Tianjin. Methods: Cerebral infarction mortality data from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system established by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following cerebral infarction were analyzed. Results: (1) Cerebral infarction mortality rate in Tianjin increased from 1999 to 2015 with the crude mortality rate of 57.06/100 000 to 105.22/100 000 (Z=59.65, P<0.01, annual percent change(APC)=3.39%) and decreased with the standardized mortality rate from 55.59/100 000 to 56.12/100 000 (Z=-5.47, P<0.01, APC=-0.35%). (2) The crude mortality rate (64.23/100 000 to 118.72/100 000) and standardized mortality rate (65.44/100 000 to 67.23/100 000) of male cerebral infarction was higher than that of female (crude: 49.73/100 000 to 91.64/1/100 000, standardized: 45.73/100 000 to 45.01/100 000) from 1999 to 2015. (3) With the increase of age, the mortality of cerebral infarction increased gradually from 1999 to 2015 (all Z>0.00,all P<0.01). (4) The mortality rate of cerebral infarction in urban areas increased with the crude mortality rate from 71.43/100 000 to 103.20/100 000 (Z=17.34, P<0.01, APC=1.30%) and decreased with the standardized mortality rate from 61.04/100 000 to 43.77/100 000 (Z=-32.49, P<0.01, APC=-3.06%) from 1999 to 2015. The mortality rate of cerebral infarction in rural areas increased with the crude mortality rate from 42.63/100 000 to 107.32/100 000 (Z=69.14, P<0.01, APC=5.95%) and with the standardized mortality rate from 48.34/100 000 to 77.09/100 000 (Z=36.88, P<0.01, APC=5.95%) from 1999 to 2015. Conclusions: Cerebral infarction crude mortality increased and standardized mortality decreased from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin. Further efforts to reduce cerebral infarction mortality in Tianjin are needed, special attention should be focused on the elderly, male and rural residents.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos , Padrões de Referência , População Rural , População Urbana
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(2): 336-342, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29424890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer severely threatens patients' lives. MicroRNAs contribute to regulatory function in the growth and apoptosis of cells. The present study investigated the effect of miRNA211 on growth and apoptosis of cervical cancer SiHa cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA211 and control miRNA were synthesized and transfected into cervical cancer SiHa cells. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to study the effect of miRNA211 on growth and apoptosis of SiHa cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) at both mRNA and protein levels. Groups of miRNA (NC), miRNA211, miRNA+siRNA IAP, miRNA211+siRNA IAP were established and levels of IAP and caspase 3 from each group were measured after transfection. RESULTS: After transfection with miRNA211, the growth of SiHa cells was significantly inhibited and apoptosis of SiHa cells was induced, with the reduction of IAPs at both mRNA and protein levels (p<0.05). Knockdown of IAPs enhanced the apoptosis of SiHa cells that were induced by miRNA211, while the overexpression of limited the pro-apoptotic effect of miRNA211 on SiHa cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiRNA211 inhibits the growth of SiHa cells via down-regulation of IAPs.


Assuntos
Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
10.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(2): 188-192, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334367

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective analysis to evaluate outcomes of haploidentical transplantation in adult severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) patients. Fifty-one adults received haploidentical transplantation between May 2011 and December 2016. Patients were administered busulfan (Bu), cyclophosphamide (Cy) and anti-thymoglobulin (ATG) as conditioning regimens, followed by bone marrow and peripheral blood transplantation. The patients' median age was 25 years. Forty-nine patients survived for more than 28 days and all achieved donor myeloid engraftment. The median time for myeloid engraftment and platelet recovery was 13 days (range, 10-21) and 17.5 (range, 7-101) days. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV and III-IV acute GvHD) was 20.00±0.33% and 6.00±0.12%, respectively. The incidence of chronic GvHD was 14.00±0.36% and 25.90±0.71%, and that of moderate-severe chronic GvHD was 2.51±0.06% and 6.92±0.25% at 1 and 3 years, respectively. The 3-year estimated overall survival and failure-free survival were both 83.5±5.4% with a median follow-up of 21.1 months. Multivariate analysis showed hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score of ⩾3 was significantly associated with worse outcome. Haploidentical transplantation conditioning including Bu/Cy/ATG was a safe and effective strategy for adult SAA patients, and HCT-CI might be an outcome predictor in these patients.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/tratamento farmacológico , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Haploidêntico/métodos , Adulto , Anemia Aplástica/patologia , Soro Antilinfocitário/farmacologia , Bussulfano/farmacologia , Ciclofosfamida/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 45(11): 985-991, 2017 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166727

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends change in mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China. Methods: AMI mortality data from 1999 to 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system operated by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following AMI were analyzed. Results: (1)The standardized mortality rate of AMI in Tianjin from 1999 to 2015 was 52.32/100 000 to 48.62/100 000. Adjusted AMI mortality rate from 1999 to 2013 was 52.32/100 000 to 73.72/100 000, indicating an increased trend(Z=32.15, P<0.001)with an annual percent change (APC) of 2.53%. Adjusted AMI mortality rate was decreased from 2013 to 2015: 73.72/100 000 to 48.62/100 000 (Z=-22.80, P<0.001), and APC was -19.07%. Above trends change was similar for male and female residents (all P<0.001). (2)The AMI standardized mortality rate of male was significantly higher than that of female during the 17 years. The AMI standardized mortality of male was significantly higher than that of female in<35, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64 and ≥65 years old group, respectively. AMI mortality rate increased with age. (3)Except in the year of 2002 and 2003, the AMI mortality rate were significantly higher in rural residents than in urban residents during this study period (P<0.001). Adjusted AMI mortality in urban residents increased from 1999 to 2009(Z=8.05, P<0.001, APC=1.43%), and decreased in the year from 2009 to 2015 (Z=-18.71, P<0.001, APC=-6.32%). Adjusted AMI mortality in rural residents increased in the year of 1999 to 2013(Z=56.05, P<0.001, APC=5.84%), and decreased in the year of 2013 to 2015 (Z=-24.40, P<0.001, APC=-21.35%). Conclusions: Our results suggest that AMI mortality in Tianjin increased from 1999 to 2013, and decreased from 2013 to 2015, and male and rural residents have higher AMI mortality. Related prevention and intervention measures should be taken to decrease AMI mortality, especially for male and rural residents.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1533-1536, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141344

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence of smoking on deaths in residents aged 35-79 years and the effects of smoking cessation in Tianjin. Methods: The data of 39 499 death cases aged 35-79 years in 2016 in Tianjin were collected, the risks for deaths caused by smoking related diseases and excess deaths as well as effects of smoking cessation were analyzed after adjusting 5 year old age group, education level and marital status. Results: Among the 39 499 deaths cases, 1 589 (13.56%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer caused by smoking was highest (47.60%); the risk of death due to lung cancer in smokers was 2.75 times higher than that in non-smokers (95%CI: 2.47-3.06). Among the female deaths, 183 (7.29%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer was highest (28.90%); and the risk of death of lung cancer in smokers was 4.04 times higher than that in non-smokers (95%CI: 3.49-4.68). The OR for disease in ex-smokers was 0.80 compared with 1.00 in smokers (95%CI: 0.72-0.90). The OR in males who had quitted smoking for ≥10 years was lower (0.74, 95%CI: 0.63-0.86) than that in those who had quitted smoking for 1-9 years (0.85, 95%CI: 0.74-0.98), but the difference was not significant. Conclusion: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for deaths in residents in Tianjin. Smoking cessation can benefit people's health.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar/mortalidade , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 21(17): 3801-3807, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28975988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of routine central lymph node dissection (CLND) for clinically central lymph node negative (CN0) papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) remains uncertain. We aim to determine the predictive factors for central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 273 patients diagnosed with clinically central lymph node negative PTMC from 2014 to 2016 were included. The predictive risk factors for CLNM were analyzed with respect to age, sex, tumor size, tumor multifocal, lymphadenectasis of lateral neck, capsular invasion, extra capsular spread (ECS), coexistence of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (Hashimoto thyroiditis, HT) and nodular goiter (NG), BRAFV600E mutation and subtype of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for CLNM. RESULTS: Among the 273 patients, the CLNM occurred in 80 patients (29.3%). By univariate and multivariate analyses, tumor size (OR 2.07; p<0.001), multifocal (OR 2.67; p<0.004), lymphadenectasis of lateral neck (OR 9.28; p<0.001), tumor extent (OR 42.01; p<0.001) were independently correlated with CLNM. In further study, dorsal part of solitary lesion (OR: 16.312, 95%CI: 3.349-79.455, p=0.001), capsular invasion (OR: 42.012, 95% CI: 5.209-338.861, p<0.001), 6 6 mm, dorsal part of solitary lesion, multifocal, lymphadenectasis of lateral neck and capsular invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Papilar/complicações , Carcinoma Papilar/secundário , Feminino , Doença de Hashimoto/complicações , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Fatores de Risco , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/secundário
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(5): 684-687, 2017 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28651412

RESUMO

We described the time trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2013 in Tianjin incidence rate with Cochran-Armitage trend (CAT) test and linear regression analysis, and the results were compared. Based on actual population, CAT test had much stronger statistical power than linear regression analysis for both overall incidence trend and age specific incidence trend (Cochran-Armitage trend P value

Assuntos
Estudos Epidemiológicos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Lineares , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
15.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 31(1): 51-58, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28337870

RESUMO

The Janus kinase-signal transducers and activators of transcription signaling pathway (JAK/STAT pathway) have displayed a critical role in tumor development and progression in multiple malignancies. Previous studies showed that inhibition of JAK/STAT signaling blocked cell growth and metastasis in cancer cells, however, the antitumor effects of JAK inhibitor AG490 on gallbladder cancer (GBC) have not been reported. Our present study aimed to investigate the effects and associated mechanisms of JAK inhibitor AG490 on cell growth, invasive potential and apoptosis in GBC cells (GBC-SD and SGC-996) indicated by MTT, cell colony formation, Transwell and flow cytometry. As a consequence, we found that JAK2 inhibitor AG490 inhibited cell growth and invasion, and induced cell apoptosis and cycle arrest in GBC-SD and SGC-996 cells. Furthermore, the expression levels of p-JAK2, p-STAT3, VEGFC-/-D and cyclinD1 were downregulated, while p53 expression was upregulated in AG490-treated GBC cells indicated by Western blot assay. Therefore, our findings demonstrate that JAK inhibitor AG490 inhibits growth and invasion of GBC cells via blockade of JAK2/STAT3 signaling and provides the potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of GBC patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirfostinas/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D1/antagonistas & inibidores , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Vesícula Biliar/efeitos dos fármacos , Vesícula Biliar/metabolismo , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/agonistas , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator D de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator D de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator D de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 45(2): 154-159, 2017 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28260323

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1999 and 2013 in Tianjin residents and analyze the incidence differences on residents with various age, gender and living in urban or rural areas. The data might help for targeted prevention strategies among Tianjin residents. Methods: AMI incidence data between 1999 and 2013 were obtained based on Tianjin cardiovascular disease incidence surveillance registry established by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Related information such as permanent residents' population data were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The Chinese population data in 2000 were used for age-sex-standardized rates estimation. Difference between two (or more) independent groups was compared by the Chi Square statistics. The Chi-square test for trend was used for computing the incidence trend in years and ages. Results: AMI incidence rate in Tianjin declined from the year 1999 to 2013 with the rude incidence rate of 80.46/100 000 to 81.29/100 000, and with the standardized incidence rate of 64.85/100 000 to 44.57/100 000 (Z=-35.767, P<0.001). AMI incidence decreased gradually in residents aged over 45 years old (P<0.01), but increased in residents younger than 45 years old (P<0.001) from 1999 to 2013. The AMI incidence rate is consistently higher in male residents (rude incidence 99.89/100 000-102.98/100 000, standardized incidence rate 78.53/100 000-56.61/100 000) than in female residents (rude incidence 61.18/100 000-59.44/100 000, standardized incidence rate 50.31/100 000-31.76/100 000, both P<0.001) and higher in urban residents (rude incidence rate 133.98/100 000-98.02/100 000, standardized incidence rate 99.89/100 000-50.12/100 000) than in rural residents (rude incidence rate 35.57/100 000-66.19/100 000, standardized incidence rate 32.68/100 000-43.51/100 000, Z=6.217, P<0.001). AMI incidence decreased significantly in the urban residents (rude incidence rate 133.98/100 000-98.02/100 000, standardized incidence rate 99.89/100 000-50.12/100 000, Z=-46.968, P<0.001), while significantly increased in rural residents (rude incidence rate 35.57/100 000-66.19/100 000, standardized incidence rate 32.68/100 000-43.51/100 000, Z=6.217, P<0.001) during the study period. Conclusions: The general incidence of AMI decreased during the study period in Tianjin residents. However, AMI incidence significantly increased in young male residents and rural residents. It is necessary to develop corresponding strategies for AMI control for Tianjin residents with different age/gender and living in different areas.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , População Rural
17.
Neoplasma ; 64(3): 367-376, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28253716

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in childhood which often acquires drug resistance and becomes aggressive phenotypes. The high-risk patients suffer from high mortality due to the limitation of the treatment strategies. ARID1A (AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A), a subunit of SWI/SNF complexes, is considered as a tumor suppressor in many cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ARID1A on migration and invasion in neuroblastoma cells. The shRNA targeting ARID1A was designed and delivered into SK-N-SH cells to knock down ARID1A expression. Knockdown of ARID1A by shRNA significantly increased the viability and invasion ability, and caused G1 arrest inhibition and DNA synthesis increase in SK-N-SH cells. Moreover, Knockdown of ARID1A increased the activity and expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 in SK-N-SH cells. Furthermore, ARID1A knockdown caused diminished expression of E-cadherin, enhanced expression of N-cadherin and ß-catenin nuclear translocation in SK-N-SH cells. These results suggest that loss of ARID1A may associate with the promotion of invasion and metastasis of neuroblastoma. Our findings indicate ARID1A is a tumor suppressor in neuroblastoma.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno , beta Catenina/metabolismo
18.
Clin Genet ; 92(4): 423-429, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28139846

RESUMO

SATB2-associated syndrome (SAS) is a multisystemic disorder caused by alterations of the SATB2 gene. We describe the phenotype and genotype of 12 individuals with 10 unique (de novo in 11 of 11 tested) pathogenic variants (1 splice site, 5 frameshift, 3 nonsense, and 2 missense) in SATB2 and review all cases reported in the published literature caused by point alterations thus far. In the cohort here described, developmental delay (DD) with severe speech compromise, facial dysmorphism, and dental anomalies were present in all cases. We also present the third case of tibial bowing in an individual who, just as in the previous 2 individuals in the literature, also had a truncating pathogenic variant of SATB2. We explore early genotype-phenotype correlations and reaffirm the main clinical features of this recognizable syndrome: universal DD with severe speech impediment, mild facial dysmorphism, and high frequency of craniofacial anomalies, behavioral issues, and brain neuroradiographic changes. As the recently proposed surveillance guidelines for individuals with SAS are adopted by providers, further delineation of the frequency and impact of other phenotypic traits will become available. Similarly, as new cases of SAS are identified, further exploration of genotype-phenotype correlations will be possible.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas de Ligação à Região de Interação com a Matriz/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Fenótipo
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 231-234, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28231672

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the causes of cancer deaths and cause-eliminated-life-expectancy among residents of Tianjin. Methods: Data from the death registry system of Tianjin residents in 2015 were collected and cancers were grouped according to the classification of Global Burden of Disease. Specific cancer crude death rate and cause eliminated life expectancy (CELE) were calculated. Results: In 2015, 17 641 Tianjin residents died of cancer, with the crude death rate as 171.79 per 100 thousand and the standardized rate according to the Chinese population in 2000 as 86.32 per 100 thousand. The cancer deaths among men was 10 165, with crude death rate of 197.39 per 100 thousand and standardized rate was 95.41 per 100 thousand. While among females the cancer deaths was 7 476, with crude death rate as 146.04 per 100 thousand and standardized rate as 76.65 per 100 thousand. The top five leading deaths on cancers among men were lung, liver, stomach, "colon, rectum and anal" , pancreas, while lung, breast, liver, "colon, rectum and anal" , stomach were in women. The life expectancy increased 3.53 and 2.88 years among men and women respectively after the exclusion of cancer deaths. When lung cancer death was excluded, the life expectancy increased 1.25 and 0.97 years respectively among men and women. Lung cancer was the main reason of life expectancy lost than cancer of other locations. Conclusion: Cancers, with lung cancer in particular, were the major diseases causing death and life expectancy lost in the Tianjin residents which called for urgent effective intervention programs to develop.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Expectativa de Vida , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos , Sistema de Registros
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA