Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.020
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(21): 1654-1657, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486601

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of liver and spleen stiffness measured by two dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) in hepatitis B-related cirrhosis. Methods: The clinical data of fifty-eight hepatitis B-related cirrhosis patients were collected in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from September 2017 to April 2018. Pearson's correlation analyses were used to assess the relationship between liver/spleen stiffness (L-SWE and S-SWE) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), as well as the comparison with serological model. The SWE diagnostic performances of Liver (L-SWE), Spleen (S-SWE) were also evaluated. Results: Of all 58 patients, 47 were found HVPG ≥10 mmHg, diagnosed as clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and severe portal hypertension (SPH), which patients are at increased risk of developing complications. Thirty-four patients were found HVPG≥12 mmHg, diagnosed as SPH, which patients were at increased risk of variceal bleeding. Moderate positive correlation was found between L-SWE and HVPG (r=0.42, P<0.01), and S-SWE were significantly correlated with HVPG (r=0.68, P<0.01), while serological models and HVPG were slightly correlated (r=0.36 and 0.28, all P<0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves of L-SWE, S-SWE and the combination for CSPH were 0.78, 0.88 and 0.89. When L-SWE was>12.86 kPa or S-SWE was>35.73 kPa, patients were at increased risk of developing complications. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for SPH were 0.68, 0.81 and 0.77 and the S-SWE had the highest specificity, so when S-SWE was>41.5 kPa, patients were at increased risk of variceal bleeding. Conclusion: L-SWE and S-SWE are reliable and promising non-invasive parameters to assess CSPH and SPH.

2.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(0): E015, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521953

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause great damage to the elderly patients and lead to high mortality. The clinical presentations and auxiliary examinations of the elderly patients with COVID-19 are atypical, due to the physiological ageing deterioration and basal pathological state. The treatment strategy for the elderly patients has its own characteristics and treatment protocol should be considered accordingly. To improve the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of COVID-19 in the elderly, the Expert Committee of Geriatric Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, China Society of Geriatrics established the "Expert consensus for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Coronavirus disease 2019 in the elderly" . We focused on the clinical characteristics and key points for better treatment and prevention of COVID-19 in the elderly. (1) For diagnosis, atypical clinical presentation of COVID-19 in the elderly should be emphasized, which may be complicated by underlying disease. (2) For treatment, strategy of multiple disciplinary team (mainly the respiratory and critical care medicine) should be adopted and multiple systemic functions should be considered. (3) For prevention, health care model about integrated management of acute and chronic diseases, in and out of hospital should be applied.

3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(6): 525-531, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486560

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and the results of the whole exome sequencing (WES) of a Chinese family containing both pulmonary sarcoidosis patients and healthy members, and to find potent genes and variants that may be involved in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. Methods: Three patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and 1 healthy member was included from a Chinese Han family in the north of China diagnosed in November 2016, which characterized as 2 consecutive generations including 2 males and 1 female, aged from 23 to 69 years old. The proband is Ⅱ-6. Pulmonary sarcoidosis was diagnosed by clinical features, imaging and pathological findings, and clinical data such as family history were collected. Whole blood samples were taken and WES (Illumina NovaSeq S2) was performed. The pathogenicity analysis and gene annotation analysis were performed by ExAC, SIFT, Polyphenv2, Metascape databases. Results: It was found that 27 genes were highly pathogenic in the database filtering result. After gene annotation analysis, we found that ZC3H12A gene can negatively regulate the differentiation of Th17 cells, which may be involved in the onset of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Sanger sequencing confirmed the c.1361 A>G variant in 3 sarcoidosis patients but normal in healthy member. Conclusions: In patients with familial pulmonary sarcoidosis, the genetic background could regulate immune response which is one of the pathogenic mechanisms of sarcoidosis. The whole exome test and gene ontology analysis showed that Ⅱ-2, Ⅱ-6 and Ⅲ-1 pulmonary sarcoidosis patients in this family were all shared the same variant on ZC3H12A gene, which played a pivotal role in differentiation of Th17 cells and is a potent pathogenesis gene in this Chinese pulmonary sarcoidosis family.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/genética , Adulto , Idoso , China , Exoma , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Ribonucleases , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/etnologia , Fatores de Transcrição , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 577: 450-458, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505005

RESUMO

Tremendous efforts have been made to improve the electrochemical performance of the lithium-sulfur batteries. However, challenges remain in achieving fast electronic and ionic transport while accommodate the significant cathode volumetric change. On the other hand, the severe capacity decay mainly attributed to polysulfide shuttle also hampers the practical applications. Here, we report a simple, low-cost, and eco-friendly method for the one-step preparation of a binder-free S-C composite cathode by plasma dissociation of CS2 containing gases at room-temperature. The key issue of polysulfide shuttle effect in Li-S batteries is also effectively resolved just by the introduction of N2 into the precursor gases. The electrode exhibits a high reversible capacity of ~600 mAh/g of the total hybrid of S + C at 100 mA/g after 100 cycles with an excellent initial coulombic efficiency of nearly 100%. The cells also demonstrate along cycle life and an extremely high capacity of ~306 mAh/g even after 300 cycles at 1 A/g with a high coulombic efficiency of about 100%. The proposed method will open the way for the plasma applications in facile preparation of Li-S batteries and the improvement of its electrochemical performance.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(10): 5549-5557, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As the most common primary brain cancer in adults, glioblastoma shows an extremely poor prognosis. Glioblastoma-associated deaths account for approximately 3%-4% of all malignancy-associated deaths. Numerous microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the occurrence and progression of solid tumors. Herein, identifying functional miRNAs and the central molecular mechanisms would provide novel proofs for the development of targeted cancer therapies. In this study, we described the role of miR-449b-5p in restraining ontogenesis and progression of glioblastoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human glioblastoma tissues were provided by our hospital. Human U251 glioblastoma cells were infected with lentivirus induced miR-449b-5p mimics or miR-449b-5p siRNA. Real-time qPCR was carried out to determine miRNA expression. Tumor spheres formation, MTT assay, and BrdU cell proliferation assay were used to evaluate the growth ability of U251 cells. Western blot assay was performed to measure protein expression. ChIP was used to detect the capacity of ß-catenin to recruit its downstream genes. Dual-Luciferase assay was conducted to detect the ability of miR-449b-5p to regulate the 3'UTR (untranslated regions) of WNT2B. TOP/FOP ratio was used to evaluate the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. RESULTS: Down-regulation of miR-449b-5p expression was found in both human glioblastoma tissues and cell lines, which was negatively associated with the clinical stages. Up-regulation of miR-449b-5p inhibited tumor spheres formation, cell viability and proliferation ability of glioblastoma cells. The expression levels of WNT2B and nuclear ß-catenin were negatively associated with miR-449b-5p levels in glioblastoma cells. MiR-449b-5p inhibited Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by targeting WNT2B. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-449b-5p acts as a tumor suppressor and retards the oncogenesis of glioblastoma, which is achieved via inactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by directly targeting WNT2B.

6.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 379-386, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536134

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the features and clinical significance of gene mutations in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS) . Methods: A total of 255 newly diagnosed primary MDS-RS patients were retrospectively reviewed from our center from January2001 to June 2019. SF3B1 gene mutations were detected by Sanger sequencing in 129 patients, and next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed in the other 126 patients using a set of selected 112-genes. Results: A total of 193 (75.7%) patients presented with SF3B1 mutation, predominantly mutant at amino acid position 700 (K700E) (n=147, 76.2%) . Non-SF3B1 gene mutations were TET2 (16.7%) , ASXL1 (14.3%) , U2AF1 (11.1%) , TP53 (7.9%) , SETBP1 (6.3%) , and RUNX1 (6.3%) . RS 5%-<15% patients had a higher SETBP1 mutation frequency than RS≥15% patients (21.4% vs 4.5%, P=0.044) . Mutation frequencies of other genes were similar in both groups (all P>0.05) . SF3B1 variant allele frequencies (VAF) had positive correlation with marrow RS percentage but without statistical significance in RS 5%-<15% group (P=0.078, r=0.486) . SF3B1 mutant patients presented with higher marrow RS percentage compared with wild-type patients[40.0% (15.0%-80.0%) vs 25.5% (15.0%-82.0%) , P<0.001], and SF3B1 VAF positively correlated with RS percentage (P=0.009, rs=0.261) in RS≥15% group. Age, ANC, PLT, mean RBC corpuscular volume, RS percentage, IPSS-R cytogenetics, and IPSS-R risk score were significantly different between patients with SF3B1 mutations and wild-type SF3B1 (all P<0.05) . Multivariable survival analyses adjusted by age and IPSS-R cytogenetics revealed that SF3B1 mutation was an independent favorable prognostic factor (HR=0.265, 95% CI 0.077-0.917, P=0.036) , and TP53 mutation was an adverse variable independent of SF3B1 mutation (HR=6.272, 95% CI 1.725-22.809, P=0.005) . According to the mutant status of SF3B1 and TP53, MDS-RS patients were categorized into 4 groups, namely, with SF3B1 and TP53 mutation, with wild-type SF3B1 and TP53, with wild-type SF3B1 but TP53 mutation, and with SF3B1 mutation but wild-type TP53. There was a significant difference for OS among these 4 groups (P<0.001) . The former 3 groups showed no significant difference in OS in multiple comparisons. However, the SF3B1 mutation but wild-type TP53 group had a better OS than wild-type SF3B1 but TP53 mutation group and wild-type SF3B1 and TP53 group, whereas a similar OS compared with SF3B1 and TP53 mutation group. Conclusion: SF3B1 mutations were prevalent in MDS-RS patients with the most common mutation at amino acid position 700 (K700E) . SF3B1 mutation was an independent favorable prognostic variable, whereas TP53 mutation was an independent adverse variable. SF3B1 mutation could coordinate with TP53 mutation for more sophisticated prognosis stratification in MDS-RS patients.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9631, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541818

RESUMO

High temperature studies of spin Hall effect have often been neglected despite its profound significance in real-world devices. In this work, high temperature spin torque ferromagnetic resonance measurement was performed to evaluate the effects of temperature on the Gilbert damping and spin Hall efficiency of PtxCu1-x. When the temperature was varied from 300 K to 407 K, the Gilbert damping was relatively stable with a change of 4% at composition x = 66%. Alloying Pt and Cu improved the spin Hall efficiency of Pt75Cu25/Co/Ta by 29% to a value of 0.31 ± 0.03 at 407 K. However, the critical switching current density is dependent on the ratio between the Gilbert damping and spin Hall efficiency and the smallest value was observed when x = 47%. It was found that at this concentration, the spin transparency was at its highest at 0.85 ± 0.09 hence indicating the importance of interfacial transparency for energy efficient devices at elevated temperature.

8.
Physiol Res ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584130

RESUMO

The influence of cilostazol on learning and memory, and cyclin D1 expression in the cerebral cortex of rats with chronic cerebral ischemia were investigated. A chronic cerebral ischemia model was established using the permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion method (2VO), learning and memory capacity was detected using the Morris water maze, and expression changes in apoptosis regulating gene cyclin D1 were tested by RT-PCR. Results of the Morris water maze indicated that significant extensions were found in the escape latent period and swimming path of rats in the ischemia group (2VO group), learning and memory results in the cilostazol group was obviously superior compared to the 2VO group (P<0.05), and the expression of cyclin D1 was observed to increase in both the ischemia and cilostazol intervention groups at the 9th week of ischemia. A significant difference was observed, compared with the sham operation group (P<0.05), the expression level decreased in the ischemia group compared with the cilostazol group, and a significant difference was identified compared with the ischemia group (P<0.05). Cilostazol can reduce nerve function impairment and improve learning and memory functions by affecting changes in apoptosis regulating genes.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(24): 1866-1871, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575929

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the rule of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma and the application of therapeutic mediastinal lymph node dissection through the sternotomy approach in the treatment of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: All cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma with mediastinal lymph node metastasis treated through sternotomy cooperated by thoracic surgeons and head and neck surgeons from January 2006 to January 2017 in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were included in this study. The distribution, metastasis rate, metastasis degree, surgical method, surgical complications and postoperative survival of patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 31 patients (16 males and 15 females) with papillary thyroid cancer with mediastinal lymph node metastasis, with a median age of 46 (19-65) years, were enrolled in the group. Partial upper sternotomy was used in 28 cases, and total sternotomy was used in 3 cases. The mediastinal lymph nodes of papillary thyroid carcinoma metastasized farthest to the station 6, and the lymph node metastasis rate of each group from high to low was: 2R (61%), 1R (39%), 3A (39%), 1L (16%), 2L (10%), 4R (10%), 5 (3%) and 6 (3%). No metastasis was observed in station 3P, 4L and 7. In addition, the degree of lymph node metastasis at station 2R was the highest, reaching 35% (77/219). Extra-nodal invasion of mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes in thyroid papillary carcinoma is common (23%), easily fuses into masses (23%) and invades peripheral vascular nerves (26%). Up to 29% of blood transfusions are required during or after surgery due to oozing or bleeding (9/31). The 1-, 3-, 5-and 10-year survival rates of patients undergoing surgical treatment were 94%, 94%, 87% and 81%, respectively. Conclusion: Papillary thyroid carcinoma can metastasize to almost all mediastinal lymph nodes except station 3P, 4L and 7. Radical mediastinal lymph node dissection through sternotomy is an effective method for the treatment of mediastinal lymph node metastasis of thyroid papillary carcinoma.

10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(4): 315-322, 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370483

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors for death in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD) and the clinical characteristics of different subtypes in patients with PAH-CHD. Methods: It was a retrospective study. A total of 507 PAH-CHD patients, who were hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Cardiology of Beijing Anzhen Hospital between September 2005 and May 2019, were included. Patients were divided into 4 subgroups: (1) Eisenmenger syndrome(ES) group. (2) PAH associated with prevalent systemic-to-pulmonary shunts(SP) group. (3) PAH associated with small defects(SD) group. (4) PAH after defect correction(CD) group. According to the complexity of cardiac malformation, patients were divided into simple-medium complex malformation group and complex malformation group. According to the location of shunts, patients were divided into pre-tricuspid group, post-tricuspid group, and mixed group or complex deformity group. Baseline clinical data of patients were collected from the electronic medical record system. Demographic data (age, gender, etc.), percutaneous oxygen saturation(SPO(2)), New York Heart Association(NYHA) cardiac function classification, 6 minutes walking distance(6MWD), and B type natriuretic peptide(BNP), systolic pulmonary arterial pressure(sPAP) estimated by echocardiography and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), mean right atrial pressure(mRAP), cardiac index(CI), and calculated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) estimated by right heart catheterization were compared among various groups. The results of regular follow-up of all enrolled patients were collected, including the status of monotherapy or combination of PAH-targeted drugs during the follow-up period, cardiac-related adverse events(hemopysis, syncope, edema, arrhythmia, etc.) and primary endpoint event(all-cause death) were obtained and analyzed. Risk factors for all-cause death were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis model. Results: The median age at diagnosis was 23.1(13.9,32.1) years, 345 cases(68.0%) were female. Two hunderds and thirty-five cases(46.4%) were diagnosed with ES; 193 cases(38.1%) were diagnosed with CD, 47 cases (9.3%) were diagnosed with SD. Among them, 32 cases(6.3%) were in the SP group. All 507 patients underwent echocardiography examination, there were significant differences in sPAP among different clinical subgroups(P<0.001). A total of 289 patients(57.0%) received right heart catheterization examination, the results showed that the ES group had the highest mPAP and PVR and the lowest mRAP(all P<0.001), the CD group had the highest mRAP and CI(both P<0.001). The 6MWD in the ES group was significantly shorter than that in the SP, SD, and CD groups(all P<0.001). The proportion of patients with NYHA class Ⅲ/Ⅳ was higher in SD group than in SP group(P<0.001), which was similar between SD, ES and CD groups (P values were 0.077 and 0.072, respectively). At admission, the proportion of patients with NYHA class Ⅰ/Ⅱwas the highest in SP group(96.9% (31/32) ), followed by CD group (85.5%(165/193)) and the ES group(85.1%(200/235)), and the SD group(75.0%(35/47)). The BNP level at admission was also higher in SD group than in SP, ES and CD groups(P<0.001). Of the 507 patients, 379(74.8%) patients received PAH-targeted drug therapy at the last follow-up, and the treatment plan was mainly monotherapy(75.7%(287/379)). The median follow-up time was 3.6(2.0, 5.6) years and 37(7.3%) patients died, including 13 in the CD group, 17 in the ES group, and 7 in the SD group. No deaths occurred in the SP group. Right heart failure was the most common cause of death(11(29.7%)), followed by severe hemoptysis dyspnea(7(18.9%)), sudden cardiac death(6(16.2%)), and pulmonary hypertensive crisis(4(10.8%)). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that survival rates of end-point-free events at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of PAH were 98.0%, 95.4%, 89.9%, and 84.4%, respectively; there were statistically significant differences in survival among the subgroups(P=0.026); there was no significant difference in the survival rate between the ES group and the CD group(P=0.918), and both were higher than the SD group(P values were 0.011 and 0.013, respectively). Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that NYHA class Ⅲ/Ⅳ and BNP>100 ng/L at admission were the risk factors for all-cause death in patients with PAH-CHD(HR=6.452, 95%CI 3.378-12.346, P<0.001, and HR=2.481, 95%CI 1.225-5.025, P=0.012). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that NYHA class Ⅲ/Ⅳ was an independent risk factor for all-cause death in patients with PAH-CHD(HR=4.998, 95%CI 1.246-20.055, P=0.023). Conclusions: PAH-CHD patients with different clinical subtypes have different clinical symptoms, cardiac functional class, hemodynamic characteristics, and mid to long-term survival rates. SP patients have the best prognosis, outcome of ES and CD patients is similar, and SD patients have the worst prognosis. NYHA class Ⅲ/Ⅳ is an independent risk factor for all-cause death in patients with PAH-CHD.

11.
Anim Genet ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400010

RESUMO

The cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB)-regulated transcription coactivator 3 (CRTC3) is a member of the CRTC protein family and plays an important role in energy metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine if the expression of porcine CRTC3 is related to intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition and meat quality in Heigai pigs (a local fatty breed in China) and Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire (DLY) pigs (a lean crossbred pig widely cultured in China). In addition, the effect of ectopic expression of CRTC3 on gene expression in porcine IMF adipocytes was also examined. Our results showed that Heigai pigs had lower lean percentage, thicker back fat thickness and smaller loin muscle area than DLY pigs. Compared with DLY pigs, Heigai pigs had higher marbling scores, better meat color and higher IMF contents and triglyceride concentrations. Higher levels of oxidative metabolic enzyme and expression of the slow oxidative muscle fiber-related genes were observed in longissimus dorsi muscle and psoas major muscle (P < 0.05) from Heigai pigs. Notably, CRTC3 and adipocyte-specific marker genes were highly expressed in muscle tissues of Heigai pigs. The expression of lipolysis-related genes ATGL and HSL were lower in Heigai muscles. Moreover, forced expression of CRTC3 promoted lipid accumulation and increased the expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα, leptin and FABP4 (P < 0.05), whereas it decreased the expression of ATGL and HSL in IMF adipocytes. These results suggest that CRTC3 expression is associated with lipid accumulation and IMF deposition in pigs.

12.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378758

RESUMO

Apocynum venetum L. is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb with great potential to treat angiocardiopathy. Its major medicinal constituents are flavonoids. However, the natural habitats of A. venetum are typically affected by salt stress, which can modify both biomass and accumulation of medicinal compounds. In this study, the effects of salt stress on growth and development of A. venetum, accumulation of flavonoids and expression patterns of genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis were evaluated. In general, the growth and development of seedlings (seedling height, root length, leaf length, leaf width and seed germination) were inhibited by salt stress. Unlike typical halophytes, there was no optimal NaCl concentration range that promoted growth and development, but seedlings had an elevated DW/FW ratio under salt stress (induced by irrigation with 50, 100, 200 or 400 mm NaCl). Furthermore, quercetin and kaempferol were significantly accumulated in A. venetum seedlings under salt stress, resulting in a balanced content and reduced FW. Moreover, the expression of AvCHS, AvCHI and AvF3GT was inhibited by salt stress; however, AvF3'H, AvF3H and AvFLS, which are involved in the flavonol synthesis pathway, were up-regulated under salt stress, consistent with a decrease in total flavonoids and an increase of flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol). In summary, cultivation of A. venetum in saline soils appeared to be feasible and improved the medicinal quality of A. venetum (quercetin and kaempferol accumulation under salt stress), thus this species can effectively utilize saline soil resources.

14.
Anaesthesist ; 69(6): 432-435, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377797

RESUMO

Crouzon syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder caused by mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene. The disease is characterized by premature fusion of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull, resulting in clinical manifestations of midfacial hypoplasia, shallow orbit, maxillary dysplasia, and occasional upper respiratory obstruction. This article presents the case of a child aged 2 years and 7 months with CS scheduled for bilateral tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. The patient had a difficult procedure of extubation and was reintubated and the tracheal intubation was removed 2 days after surgery. The CS is a rare condition with physical characteristics that can result in difficult airway manipulation. It is important for anesthesiologists to recognize and avoid potential airway complications in the management of such patients through detailed preoperative evaluation and careful observation after surgery to reduce perioperative risks.

15.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 262-267, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunological functions of heat shock protein 40 kDa of Schistosoma japonicum (SjHSP40). METHODS: The homology of the SjHSP40 protein sequence was analyzed and the B and T cell epitopes of SjHSP40 were predicted using bioinformatics tools. The full-length SjHSP40 gene was amplified using a PCR assay, and cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX-6P-1, which was transformed into Escherichia coli BL-21. The protein expression was induced with isopropyl ß-D-thiogalactoside (IPDG), and then, the recombinant protein was purified with glutathione-sepharose 4B resin to yield the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40, which was checked with SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Following immunization with GST-SjHSP40, the serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG antibody and IgG1 and IgG2a subtypes were detected in BALB/c mice using ELISA. In addition, the effect of SjHSP40 on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation was examined using flow cytometry. RESULTS: SjHSP40 contained 7 potential B cell epitopes and multiple T cell epitopes (CTL epitopes and Th epitopes). The prokaryotic expression plasmid pGEX-6p-1-SjSHP40 was successfully constructed, and the fusion protein GST-SjHSP40 was obtained following IPDG induction and protein purification. Significantly higher serum levels of anti-SjHSP40 IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies were detected in mice immunized with GST-SjHSP40 than in other groups; however, SjHSP40 showed no remarkable effects on CD4+ T-cell subset differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: SjHSP40 may induce specific humoral immune responses in mice; however, it does not affect the balance of Th immune responses. It is suggested that SjHSP40 may be a potential vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Schistosoma japonicum , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue , Biologia Computacional , Epitopos/imunologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Plasmídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Schistosoma japonicum/genética , Schistosoma japonicum/imunologia
16.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(4): 337-339, 2020 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294816

RESUMO

The case reports 2 cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia diagnosed by concurrent bronchoalveolar lavage in our hospital, 1 case had a history of epidemiology, clinical symptoms and high imaging suspicion, but repeated negative throat swabs. One patient was diagnosed 2019-nCoV. Before the patient was discharged, the clinical symptoms disappeared, the chest CT showed significant improvement, and the pharynx swab was twice negative, reaching the discharge standard.We detected the ORF 1ab gene, the N gene and the nucleic acid of the new coronavirus in the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid of 2 patients. The results showed that the positive rate of bronchoalveolar lavage for detection of new coronavirus nucleic acid was high, and bronchoalveolar lavage for suspected or confirmed new coronavirus pneumonia patients with negative detection of nucleic acid in pharynx swabs but still residual lung lesions was helpful for early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Genes Virais , Humanos , Pandemias , Faringe/virologia
17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(13): 132502, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302185

RESUMO

We present the first laser spectroscopic measurement of the neutron-rich nucleus ^{68}Ni at the N=40 subshell closure and extract its nuclear charge radius. Since this is the only short-lived isotope for which the dipole polarizability α_{D} has been measured, the combination of these observables provides a benchmark for nuclear structure theory. We compare them to novel coupled-cluster calculations based on different chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions, for which a strong correlation between the charge radius and dipole polarizability is observed, similar to the stable nucleus ^{48}Ca. Three-particle-three-hole correlations in coupled-cluster theory substantially improve the description of the experimental data, which allows to constrain the neutron radius and neutron skin of ^{68}Ni.

18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3302-3314, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the most dangerous factor for human death, which is responsible for coronary heart disease. Growing evidence has showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of AS. In this study, we mainly aimed at investigating the roles of FOXC2-AS1 in AS patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RT-PCR was performed to detect the expressions of FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253 in serum samples of AS patients (n=35) and healthy volunteer (n=35). The correlation between FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253 was further analyzed. Human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were respectively treated with ox-LDL, IL-6, CRP, TNF-α and IL-8 to explore the affecting factors. P-FOXC2-AS1 was constructed and transfected into VSMCs. Cell proliferation abilities were measured by CCK-8 assay. Cell apoptotic rates were measured by flow cytometry (FACS) analysis. Western blot (WB) was performed to detect protein levels of FOXF1, Bcl-2, Bax and Cleaved Caspase3. Finally, luciferase gene reporter assay was performed to prove the relationships between FOXC2-AS1 and miR-1253, miR-1253 and FOXF1. RESULTS: We found that FOXC2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in AS patients, which could be induced by ox-LDL and IL-6 in VSMCs. MiR-1253 was decreased in AS patients, which was negatively correlated with FOXC2-AS1. Furthermore, FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis in VSMCs. Luciferase gene reporter assay showed that FOXC2-AS1 could bind to miR-1253 in VSMCs and 293 cells. Moreover, miR-1253 overexpression inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of VSMCs. Luciferase reporter assay proved that miR-1253 could target at FOXF1 in VSMCs and 293 cells, which was reported to be associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis in some cancers. Additionally, miR-1253 mimic or GSK343, a FOXF1 inhibitor, was respectively transfected into VSMCs with p-FOXC2-AS1. Results showed that the promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis were reversed as well, confirming that FOXC2-AS1 promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis via miR-1253/FOXF1 signaling axis in AS patients. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results, we found that FOXC2-AS1 was upregulated in AS patients; furthermore, FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis via targeting miR-1253/FOXF1 signaling axis. Our results elucidated a potential mechanism underlying the role of FOXC2-AS1, which might be used as a promising marker and a potential target for AS patients.

19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(0): E009, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268456

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical application effect of modified nasopharyngeal swab sampling for 2019 novel coronavirus nucleic acid detection. Methods: This study covered the period from January 14 to March 1, 2020. From February 24 on, the supine position method and the protective face screen were used to collect nasopharyngeal swabs, before which, the nasopharyngeal swabs were collected by sitting position method. All the patients were diagnosed with suspected/confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus infection, who were admitted from February 19 on, before which, the nasopharyngeal swabs were collected outside the hospital. (1) Thirty-four operators meeting the inclusion criteria of the study were recruited in this retrospective cohort study. They were grouped according to the collection method of nasopharyngeal swabs. Sixteen operators of Wuhan Taikang Tongji Hospital who used the supine position method and the protective face screen were included in supine position method+protective face screen group (15 males and 1 female, aged 34-49 years); 18 operators (12 from the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University), 1 from Wuhan Jiangxia Mobile Cabin Hospital, 5 from the East District of People's Hospital of Wuhan University) who used the traditional sitting position method were included in sitting position method group (2 males and 16 females, aged 25-49 years). In supine position method+protective face screen group, when collecting sample, the patient lay flat and wore a special protective face screen for nasopharyngeal swab sampling, with neck slightly extending and face turning to the opposite side of the operator about 10°. The self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the cooperation, the incidence of nausea, coughing, sneezing, and struggling of patients evaluated by the operators, the operation time of single sampling, the fear of operation and the perceived exposure risk of operators of the two groups. (2) Sixty-five patients (22 males and 43 females, aged 25-91 years) admitted to Wuhan Taikang Tongji Hospital who successively received the sitting position method and supine position method+protective face screen for nasopharyngeal swabs sampling and with complete nucleic acid detection results were included. The positive rates of nucleic acid detection by the two sampling methods of nasopharyngeal swabs of the patients were statistically analyzed. (3) Forty-one patients who could express their feelings accurately were selected from the above 65 patients (12 males and 29 females, aged 27-83 years). The comfort of patients in the process of sampling by the two methods was investigated. (4) Thirty-four patients (10 males and 24 females, aged 25-83 years) with two or more consecutive negative results of nucleic acid detection of nasopharyngeal swabs by sitting position method were selected from the above 65 patients. The positive rate of nucleic acid detection of nasopharyngeal swab of patients by supine position method+protective face screen, i.e. negative to positive rate was statistically analyzed. Data were statistically analyzed with Wilcoxon's sign rank test, t test, and chi-square test. Results: (1) The cooperation score of patients evaluated by the operators in supine position method+protective face screen group was significantly higher than that in sitting position method group (Z=-4.928, P<0.01), the incidence of nausea, choking cough, sneezing, and struggling of patients evaluated by the operators, and the fear of operation score and the perceived exposure risk score of operators were significantly lower than those of sitting position method group (Z=-5.071, -5.046, -4.095, -4.397, -4.174, -5.049, P<0.01), and the operation time of single sampling was significantly longer than that of sitting position method group (t=23.17, P<0.01). (2) The positive rate of nucleic acid detection of nasopharyngeal swabs by supine position method+protective face screen was 60.00% (39/65), which was obviously higher than 41.54% (27/65) by sitting position method (χ(2)=4.432, P<0.05). (3) The comfort score of the 41 patients during nasopharyngeal swabs sampling by supine position method+protective face screen was significantly higher than that by sitting position method (Z=-5.319, P<0.01). (4) Of the 34 patients with two or more consecutive negative results of nucleic acid detection of nasopharyngeal swabs by sitting position method, the rate of negative to positive of nucleic acid detection was 26.47% (9/34) after sampling by supine position method+protective face screen. Conclusions: Compared with the traditional sitting position method, detection of 2019 novel coronavirus nucleic acids of nasopharyngeal swabs collected by supine method combined with protective face screen is worth promoting, because of its better comfort of patients, low exposure risk for operators, in addition to reducing in the false negative result to some extent, which may help reduce false recurrence of discharged patients.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268686

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application and clinical outcomes of using 3D computer-assisted printing technique combined with plastic titanium mesh in the reconstruction of maxillary defect. Methods: Clinical data of 14 patients in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from January 2016 to June 2018, who were treated for partial or total removal of the maxilla due to benign or malignant tumors and those acquired maxillary defects caused by severe compound trauma were analyzed retrospectively. Twelve males and 2 females were included, with the age ranging from 16 to 51 years old. The sinonasal malignant tumors included squamous carcinoma (n=2) while benign tumors included hemangioma (n=1), maxillary fibrous dysplasia (n=3), maxillary cyst (n=2) and giant cell tumor of the maxilla (n=1). Five cases of post-traumatic maxillary defect were also included. According to preoperative thin-layer CT scanning data, computer modeling data was transmitted to a 3D printer to print out the original model and the reconstructed model. Preoperative simulation of tumor removal and maxillary reconstruction was done on the patient's original model, and the titanium mesh was shaped on the reconstructed model in order to properly reconstruct the area needed to be repaired. The pre-made titanium mesh was implanted into the defect area, the soft tissue flaps were reset, layered stitching and the local pressured bandage were used after surgery. Through postoperative clinical and CT examination, the patient's maxillofacial shape, nasal function and complications were evaluated. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistical method. Results: Lesions could be completely removed within the predicted range on the preoperative 3D-printed models of all cases. After debridement, titanium mesh could be implanted easily without re-shaping and trimming during surgery as in trauma cases. Titanium mesh could completely cover the missing bone surface closely, with titanium nails fixed smoothly, and the implanted titanium mesh was solid and stable. After the follow-up of 6 to 20 months, all patients were satisfied with the facial symmetry and the function was recovered well. Conclusion: Using 3D computer-assisted printing technique combined with plastic titanium mesh in the reconstruction of maxillary defect can accurately restore the maxillary structure for soft tissue support, and restore the facial shape and function.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA