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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123382, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763685

RESUMO

Pinewood biochar (PBC)-supported metallic silver (Ago) was prepared via a one-step carbothermal reduction route (AgH) or a wet-chemistry reduction method (AgW). XRD and SEM confirmed Ago was soldered on PBC matrix. Low methylene blue (MB) sorption was observed for unsupported Ago nanoparticles (AgNP), AgH and AgW. Under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation, net MB degradation by AgH (15.88 g kg-1) was higher than that of AgW (12.50 g kg-1) and AgNP (10.27 g kg-1). TOC removal percentages after degradation corresponded largely to reduction of MB concentrations in solution, indicating MB was dominantly mineralized. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) revealed that MB was degraded by reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radical (OH), superoxide radical (O2-) and singlet oxygen (1O2). The scavenging experiments further suggested that OH scavengers suppressed MB degradation to a greater extent than other quenchers. Compared to AgW, AgH possessed greater abundance of persistent free radicals, which enhance ROS generation. PBC could also improve separation of electron-hole (e--h+) pairs and enhance electron transfer ascribing to favorable carbon structure. Besides, PBC-Ago maintained good antimicrobial efficacy over E.coli DH5α. This work presented a facile carbothermal route to prepare Ago-based photocatalysts for dye removal and microbial inhibition in industrial wastewater.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(1): 166-171, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788472

RESUMO

Axonal regeneration plays an important role in functional recovery after nervous system damage. However, after axonal injury in mammals, regeneration is often poor. The deletion of Krüppel-like factor-4 (Klf4) has been shown to promote axonal regeneration in retinal ganglion cells. However, the effects of Klf4 deletion on the corticospinal tract and peripheral nervous system are unknown. In this study, using a mouse model of sciatic nerve injury, we show that the expression of Klf4 in dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons was significantly reduced after peripheral axotomy, suggesting that the regeneration of the sciatic nerve is associated with Klf4. In vitro, dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons with Klf4 knockout exhibited significantly enhanced axonal regeneration. Furthermore, the regeneration of the sciatic nerve was enhanced in vivo following Klf4 knockout. Finally, AAV-Cre virus was used to knockout the Klf4 gene in the cortex. The deletion of Klf4 enhanced regeneration of the corticospinal tract in mice with spinal cord injury. Together, our findings suggest that regulating KLF4 activity in neurons is a potential strategy for promoting axonal regeneration and functional recovery after nervous system injury. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee at Soochow University, China (approval No. SUDA20200316A01).

3.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155803

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) semiconductors exhibit many important structural and optoelectronic properties, such as strong light-matter interactions, direct bandgaps tunable from visible to near-infrared regions, flexibility and atomic thickness, quantum-confinement effects, valley polarization possibilities, and so on. Therefore, they are regarded as a very promising class of materials for next-generation state-of-the-art nano/micro optoelectronic devices. To explore different applications and device structures based on 2D TMDs, intrinsic material properties, their relationships, and evolutions with fabrication parameters need to be deeply understood, very often through a combination of various characterization techniques. Among them, steady-state photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy has been extensively employed. This class of techniques is fast, contactless, and nondestructive and can provide very high spatial resolution. Therefore, it can be used to obtain optoelectronic properties from samples of various sizes (from microns to centimeters) during the fabrication process without complex sample preparation. In this article, the mechanism and applications of steady-state PL spectroscopy in 2D TMDs are reviewed. The first part of this review details the physics of PL phenomena in semiconductors and common techniques to acquire and analyze PL spectra. The second part introduces various applications of PL spectroscopy in 2D TMDs. Finally, a broader perspective is discussed to highlight some limitations and untapped opportunities of PL spectroscopy in characterizing 2D TMDs.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 577373, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133020

RESUMO

Background: In addition to inborn metabolic disorders, altered metabolic profiles were reported to be associated with the risk and prognosis of some non-metabolic diseases, while as a rare metabolic disease, the overall secondary metabolic spectrum in congenital hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) is largely undetermined. Therefore, we investigated metabolic profiles in HH patients and used ketotic hypoglycemia (KH) patients as a control cohort to unveil their distinct metabolic features. Methods: A total of 97 hypoglycemia children, including 74 with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and 23 with ketotic hypoglycemia, and 170 euglycemia control subjects were studied retrospectively. Clinical and biochemical data were collected. The normoglycemic spectra of amino acids and acylcarnitines were determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The serum insulin and fatty acid concentrations during standardized fasting tests in hypoglycemia patients were also collected. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to screen potential biomarkers. Results: Among the normoglycemic spectra of amino acids, blood valine (p < 0.001), arginine (p < 0.001), threonine (p = 0.001), glutamate (p = 0.002), methionine (p = 0.005), ornithine (p = 0.008), leucine (p = 0.014), alanine (p = 0.017), proline (p = 0.031), citrulline (p = 0.042), aspartate (p = 0.046), and glycine (p = 0.048) levels differed significantly among the three groups. Significantly decreased levels of long- (C14:1, p < 0.001; C18, p < 0.001), medium- (C8, p < 0.001; C10, p < 0.001; C10:1, p < 0.001), and short-chain (C4-OH, p < 0.001; C5OH, p < 0.001) acylcarnitines were found in the hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia group. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia children with focal lesions and diffuse lesions had similar amino acid and acylcarnitine spectra. C10:1 < 0.09 µmol/L, threonine > 35 µmol/L, and threonine/C10:1 > 440 showed sensitivities of 81.1, 66.2, and 81.1% and specificities of 72.7, 78.3, and 81.8%, respectively, in distinguishing HH from KH. Conclusions: We found significantly different altered serum amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles at normoglycemia, especially decreased C10:1 and increased threonine levels, between HH and KH children, which may reflect the insulin ketogenesis inhibition effect in HH patients; however, the detailed mechanisms and physiological roles remain to be studied in the future.

5.
Phys Med Biol ; 65(22): 225014, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179611

RESUMO

A variety of approaches have been used to model the dynamics of a single, isolated bubble nucleated by a microsecond length high-amplitude ultrasound pulse (e.g. a histotripsy pulse). Until recently, the lack of single-bubble experimental radius vs. time data for bubble dynamics under a well-characterized driving pressure has limited model validation efforts. This study uses radius vs. time measurements of single, spherical histotripsy-nucleated bubbles in water to quantitatively compare and validate a variety of bubble dynamics modeling approaches, including compressible and incompressible models as well as different thermal models. A strategy for inferring an analytic representation of histotripsy waveforms directly from experimental radius vs. time and cavitation threshold data is presented. We compare distributions of a calculated validation metric obtained for each model applied to 88 experimental data sets. There is minimal distinction (<1%) among the modeling approaches for compressibility and thermal effects considered in this study. These results suggest that our proposed strategy to infer the waveform, combined with simple models minimizing parametric uncertainty and computational resource demands accurately represent single-bubble dynamics in histotripsy, including at and near the maximum bubble radius. Remaining sources of parametric and model-based uncertainty are discussed.

6.
J Med Microbiol ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180019

RESUMO

Introduction. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the major causes of hospital-acquired infections. Over the past two decades MRSA has become 'epidemic' in many hospitals worldwide. However, little is known about the genetic background of S. aureus recovered from hospital personnel in China.Hypothesis/Gap Statement. The diversity of S. aureus genotypes warrants further surveillance and genomic studies to better understand the relatedness of these bacteria to those recovered from patients and the community.Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of MRSA and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) recovered from hospital personnel in Tianjin, North China.Methodology. Three hundred and sixty-eight hand or nasal swabs were collected from 276 hospital personnel in 4 tertiary hospitals in Tianjin, North China between November 2017 and March 2019. In total, 535 Gram-positive bacteria were isolated, of which 59 were identified as S. aureus. Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and spa typing were performed to determine the molecular characteristics of S. aureus.Results. Thirty-one out of 276 (11 %) hospital personnel were S. aureus carriers, whereas 11/276 (4 %) carried MRSA. Fifty out of 59 (85 %) S. aureus isolates were resistant or intermediately resistant to erythromycin. The dominant genotypes of MRSA recovered from hospital personnel were ST398-t034-SCCmecIV/V and ST630-t084/t2196, whereas the major genotypes of MSSA included ST15-t078/t084/t346/t796/t8862/t8945/t11653 and ST398-t189/t034/t078/t084/t14014.Conclusion. Although the predominant genotypes of MRSA recovered from hospital personnel in this study were different from the main genotypes that have previously been reported to cause infections in Tianjin and in other geographical areas of China, the MRSA ST398-t034 genotype has previously been reported to be associated with livestock globally. The dominant MSSA genotypes recovered from hospital personnel were consistent with the those previously reported to have been recovered from the clinic.

7.
Analyst ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231579

RESUMO

Having the benefits of low cost, excellent stability and tolerance to extreme conditions, nanozymes are a potential alternative of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) or other enzymes for bioanalytical chemistry, especially immunoassays. CeO2 nanoparticles have oxidase-mimicking activity and can avoid the use of unstable H2O2. For robust assays, the effect of proteins on the activity of CeO2 needs to be carefully studied. Herein, we studied the adsorption and desorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) from CeO2. The CeO2 nanoparticles exhibited a higher protein adsorption capacity compared to the other tested metal oxide nanoparticles. Although the oxidase-like activity of CeO2 was inhibited by BSA, low concentrations of phosphate and fluoride ions boosted the activity of protein-capped CeO2. CeO2 was still active under strong acidic conditions and at high temperature, while HRP lost its activity. For immunoassay development, we covered CeO2 with an amine-modified silane for covalent conjugation to antibodies. A one-step indirect competitive ELISA for fenitrothion was developed, and an IC50 value of 35.6 ng mL-1 and a limit of detection of 2.1 ng mL-1 were obtained.

8.
Food Chem ; : 128528, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189477

RESUMO

Ethyl carbamate (EC), a genotoxic and carcinogenic compound in soy sauce accumulated during thermal processes, has raised public health concern for its multipoint potential carcinogenic risk to human. In this work, based on the analysis of EC accumulation during thermal processes of soy sauce, ornithine and quercetin were added before thermal processes to reduce EC accumulation. A reduction rate of 23.7-63.8% in simulated solution was founded. Kinetic studies indicated that ornithine was a byproduct of alcoholysis reaction when EC formed, while quercetin could compete with the precursor ethanol and react with carbamyl compounds, which therefore preventedEC accumulation. A maximum of 47.2% decrease of EC in soy sauce was achieved, and no remarkable changes in volatile compounds profile and color of soy sauce were found. In conclusion, the addition of quercetin and ornithine before thermal processes may be preferable for the controlling of EC content in soy sauce.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188921

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy and obstetric outcomes of patients with intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) following treatment with in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) and fresh embryo transplantation after transcervical resection of adhesions (TCRA). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based reproductive medical center. PATIENTS: 535 IUA patients with history of TCRA and 1605 matched patients without history of IUAs underwent IVF-ICSI and received fresh embryo transfers. INTERVENTIONS: Between January 2014 and December 2018, all patients underwent IVF-ICSI treatment and received fresh embryo transfers. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The patients in the TCRA group were matched with the control group according to strict criteria. Pregnancy and obstetric outcomes were compared. There were no significant differences in clinical pregnancies, ectopic pregnancies, live births, preterm births, and obstetric outcomes between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the TCRA group had a higher risk of miscarriage than the control group (P=0.048). CONCLUSIONS: TCRA improved the reproductive outcomes of IUA patients, but the risk of miscarriage was higher than that in the general population. To avoid miscarriage, careful monitoring is critical for pregnant patients with a history of TCRA who undergo embryo transfers during IVF treatment.

11.
Front Immunol ; 11: 562795, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072100

RESUMO

The buccal mucosa (BM) of vertebrates is a critical mucosal barrier constantly exposed to rich and diverse pathogens from air, water, and food. While mammals are known to contain a mucosal associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) in the buccal cavity which induces B-cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) responses against bacterial pathogens, however, very little is known about the evolutionary roles of buccal MALT in immune defense. Here we developed a bath infection model that rainbow trout experimentally exposed to Flavobacterium columnare (F. columnare), which is well known as a mucosal pathogen. Using this model, we provided the first evidence for the process of bacterial invasion in the fish BM. Moreover, strong pathogen-specific IgT responses and accumulation of IgT+ B-cells were induced in the buccal mucus and BM of infected trout with F. columnare. In contrast, specific IgM responses were for the most part detected in the fish serum. More specifically, we showed that the local proliferation of IgT+ B-cells and production of pathogen-specific IgT within the BM upon bacterial infection. Overall, our findings represent the first demonstration that IgT is the main Ig isotype specialized for buccal immune responses against bacterial infection in a non-tetrapod species.

12.
Org Lett ; 22(21): 8250-8255, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075228

RESUMO

Herein we report a novel Cu-catalyzed regioselective C2-H alkylation of benzimidazoles with aromatic alkenes. The reaction features exclusive regioselectivity and broad substrate scope in the intermolecular alkylation of benzimidazoles with terminal and internal aromatic alkenes, constituting a modular access toward benzimidazole-containing 1,1-di(hetero)aryl alkanes. The intramolecular C2-H alkylation of benzimidazoles with aromatic alkenes has been achieved in an endo-selective manner. The enantioselective C2 alkylation of benzimidazoles has also been realized with moderate to good stereocontrol.

13.
Front Immunol ; 11: 567941, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123139

RESUMO

Due to direct contact with aquatic environment, mucosal surfaces of teleost fish are continuously exposed to a vast number of pathogens and also inhabited by high densities of commensal microbiota. The B cells and immunoglobulins within the teleost mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALTs) play key roles in local mucosal adaptive immune responses. So far, three Ig isotypes (i.e., IgM, IgD, and IgT/Z) have been identified from the genomic sequences of different teleost fish species. Moreover, teleost Igs have been reported to elicit mammalian-like mucosal immune response in six MALTs: gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), skin-associated lymphoid tissue (SALT), gill-associated lymphoid tissue (GIALT), nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT), and the recently discovered buccal and pharyngeal MALTs. Critically, analogous to mammalian IgA, teleost IgT represents the most ancient Ab class specialized in mucosal immunity and plays indispensable roles in the clearance of mucosal pathogens and the maintenance of microbiota homeostasis. Given these, this review summarizes the current findings on teleost Igs, MALTs, and their immune responses to pathogenic infection, vaccination and commensal microbiota, with the purpose of facilitating future evaluation and rational design of fish vaccines.

14.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 170: 112667, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035902

RESUMO

Electrochemical immunoassays are often used in the detection of biomarkers, and their sensitivity depends on the nature of the substrate and the catalytic activity of the signal amplification platform. In this work, a novel sandwich-type signal amplification strategy with a "gold-plated" organometallic frame (Au/IRMOF-3) as the substrate and the sea cucumber-like Pd@PtRh trimetallic nanomaterial (Pd@PtRh SNRs) as label was fabricated. For the substrate, gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) are stably connected to the free amino groups on the surface of organometallic frame (IRMOF-3), which not only prevent the agglomeration of Au NPs, but also greatly enhance the conductivity of the nanocomposites. The synergy between the two nanomaterials further shows a stronger affinity for the fixation of capture antibodies (Ab1). For the label, the effective high catalytic activity comes from the Pd@PtRh SNRs with a sea cucumber-like morphology. The nano-scale spherical PtRh crystals epitaxially grown on smooth Pd nanorods (Pd NRs) have more catalytically active sites because of the abundant edge and corner atoms, resulting in high catalytic activity and durability towards H2O2 reduction. Choosing calcitonin (PCT) as the target, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and amperometric i-t dual-mode detection was used to demonstrate the feasibility of the immunosensor. The results confirmed that the immunosensor exhibits excellent analytical capabilities and is satisfied in the analysis of human serum samples. Therefore, this strategy has great potential in the clinical application of electrochemical immunosensors.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104265

RESUMO

Deciphering the molecular pictures of the multi-component and non-periodic organic-inorganic interlayer is a grand technical challenge. Here we show that the atomic arrangement of hybrid surface ligands on metal nanoparticles can be precisely quantified through comprehensive characterization of a novel gold cluster, Au 44 ( i Pr 2 -bimy) 9 (PA) 6 Br 8 , which features three types of ligands, namely, carbene (1,3-diisopropylbenzimidazolin-2-ylidene, i Pr 2 -bimy), alkynyl (phenylacetylide, PA), and halide (Br), respectively. The delicately balanced stereochemical effects and bonding capabilities of the three ligands give rise to peculiar geometrical and electronic structures. Remarkably, despite its complex and highly distorted surface structure, Au 44 ( i Pr 2 -bimy) 9 (PA) 6 Br 8 exhibits unusual catalytic properties and yet it is highly stable, both chemically and thermally. Moreover, rich reactive sites on the cluster surface raise the prospect of bio-compatibility (as it can be functionalized to yield water-soluble derivatives) and bio-applications.

16.
Virol Sin ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044659

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) is an arthropod-borne viral pathogen and a global health burden. Knowledge of the DENV-host interactions that mediate virus pathogenicity remains limited. Host lipid metabolism is hijacked by DENV for virus replication in which lipid droplets (LDs) play a key role during the virus lifecycle. In this study, we reveal a novel role for phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in LDs-mediated DENV infection. We demonstrate that PTEN expression is downregulated upon DENV infection through post-transcriptional regulation and, in turn, PTEN overexpression enhances DENV replication. PTEN lipid phosphatase activity was found to decrease cellular LDs area and number through Akt/FoxO1/Maf1 signaling, which, together with autophagy, enhanced DENV replication and virus production. We therefore provide mechanistic insight into the interaction between lipid metabolism and the DENV replication cycle.

17.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(24): 10541-10553, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104843

RESUMO

Agar-degrading bacteria are crucial drivers for the carbon cycle in the marine environments due to their ability that use algae as a carbon source. Although numerous agar-degrading bacteria and agarases have been reported, little is known about expression levels of agar-degrading genes in wild strains. Here, the genome of an agar-hydrolyzing marine bacterium, Catenovulum maritimus Q1T, was sequenced and annotated with 11 agarase and 2 neoagarooligosaccharide hydrolase genes. Quantitative PCR revealed that all the annotated agar-degrading genes were expressed consistently that initially upregulated and then gradually downregulated under agarose induction. Moreover, the presence of glucose inhibited the agar-degrading ability, in terms of both gene expression and enzymatic activity. These facts indicated the agar-degrading ability of wild bacteria was mainly induced by agarose and repressed by the available carbon source. Additionally, a ß-agarase, AgaQ1, belonging to the GH16 family, with high expression in strain Q1T, was cloned and characterized. Biochemical analysis showed that the recombinant AgaQ1 was substrate-specific, yielding neoagarotetraose and neoagarohexaose as the main products. It exhibited optimal activity at 40 °C, pH 8.0, and an agarose concentration of 1.6% (w/v). Besides, AgaQ1 showed a high-specific activity (757.7 U/mg) and stable enzymatic activity under different ion or agent treatments; thus, AgaQ1 has great potential in industrial applications. KEY POINTS: • The genome of C. maritimus Q1T was sequenced and annotated with 11 agarases and 2 Nabh genes. • The expression of agar-degrading genes in the strain C. maritimus Q1T was induced by agarose. • Glucose was the carbon source utilized prior to agarose for bacterial growth. • A ß-agarase, AgaQ1, with high expression and activity was identified.

18.
ACS Sens ; 5(11): 3540-3546, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064465

RESUMO

Photoanode sensing platforms with remarkable photoelectrochemical (PEC) response and satisfying visible-light absorption have become the most promising detection systems. Nevertheless, their inevitable electrophilic character limits their expansion in the bioassay because of reductive substances in serum or other body fluids that can severely interfere with the photocurrent to be read. To solve it, a PEC platform-assembled dual-active electrode is designed to realize the separation of biological monitoring from the photoanode. The ferricyanide ([Fe(CN)6]3-)-mediated redox cycle is first proposed to meet the gain and loss electron requirements of the PEC system. It can avoid the self-reaction in the electrolyte caused by the addition of a traditional electron donor and acceptor, for instance, ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide. As a consequence, the traditional counter electrode (Pt wire) is replaced by Fe2O3/AgInS2 heterojunction, which can amplify the PEC response of the cathode to meet the requirement of trace analysis. An aptasensor fabricated by the above strategies exhibits convincing data for 17ß-estradiol (E2) detection from which a wide detection range is obtained in 10 fg/mL to 1 µg/mL with a detection limit of 2.74 fg/mL (S/N = 3). These advanced elements show a rosy prospect for environmental monitoring and point-of-care biomarker diagnosis.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 4320-4328, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000233

RESUMO

Hypertension is one of the critical risk factors of cerebrovascular disease. Caveolin­1 (Cav­1) has been suggested to be involved in the development of hypertension; however, the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying Cav­1 in hypertension. In the present study, the hypertension model was induced by infusion of angiotensin II (Ang­II) in rats. Cell Counting Kit­8 assay was used to detect the viability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis of HUVECs. Transmission electron microscopy was utilized to address the thickness of the vessel walls. Reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were used to assess the mechanism of cav­1/Notch1 involved in hypertensive vascular remodeling. In the present study, an Ang­II­induced hypertension model was successfully established in rats. With this model, it was found that the expression levels of cav­1 and Notch1 were significantly increased in brain tissues in the hypertension group compared with the sham­operated group. In cultured HUVECs, knockdown of cav­1 regulated Ang­II­induced HUVEC viability and apoptosis, and modulated hypertensive vascular remodeling, which was mediated by the Notch pathway. The data of the present study demonstrated that the cav­1/Notch signaling plays an important role in the regulation of Ang­II­induced hypertension and vascular remodeling.

20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1726-1732, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the affecting factors of hemoglobin changes in apheresis red blood cells (RBCs), and to establish a predictive model for the evaluation of apheresis. METHODS: The clinical data of 130 patients undergoing selective surgery for apheresis autologous RBCs from January 2017 to December 2018 were collected. The change of hemoglobin and its affecting factors before and after apheresis were analyzed. The predictive model of the hemoglobin change was established by machine learning algorithm and compared with the theoretical predictive model. RESULTS: The average Hb level in the 300 ml autologous RBC group decreased by 22.61±8.85 g/L, and the average Hb in 400 ml group decreased by 29.08±7.25 g/L. The change of Hb was mainly affected by Hb level before apheresis and peripheral circulation blood volume (P<0.05). Sex, age, and the interval time between blood collection and operation not significantly influenced Hb change (P>0.05). The initially established predictive model by the machine learning (MAE 6.27) is superior to the theoretical predictive model (MAE 8.11). CONCLUSION: The predictive model established by the machine learning can provide a reference for more accurate evaluation of apheresis autologous red blood cells.


Assuntos
Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos , Hemoglobinas , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Eritrócitos , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos
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