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1.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 156, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG, ImtixSangstat) minimizing infections without increasing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is unknown in T cell-replete, G-CSF-primed haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). METHODS: Four hundred and eight patients were enrolled in this multicenter study to evaluate the effect of 7.5 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg rabbit ATG on viral infections and GVHD prophylaxis after haplo-HSCT. The primary endpoint was EBV DNAemia within 1 year posttransplantation. RESULTS: The 1-year incidence of EBV DNAemia was 20.7% (95% confidence interval, 15.4-26.5) and 40.0% (33.3-46.6) in the 7.5 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade II to IV aGVHD was 27.1% (21.1-33.4) and 25.4% (19.6-31.5) in the 7.5 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg ATG groups, respectively (P = 0.548). The 2-year incidence of chronic GVHD was 34.6% (27.8-41.4) and 36.2% (29.1-43.2) in the 7.5 mg and 10.0 mg groups (P = 0.814). The 1-year incidence of CMV DNAemia was 73.4% (67.2-79.4) and 83.4% (77.5-87.9) in the 7.5 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg groups (P = 0.038). The 3-year overall survival posttransplantation was 69.5% (63.2-75.8) and 63.5% (56.2-70.8), and the disease-free survival was 62.2% (55.3-69.1) and 60.3% (53.0-67.6) in the 7.5 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg groups, respectively (OS: P = 0.308; DFS: P = 0.660). The counts of EBV- and CMV-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) were higher in the 7.5 mg/kg group than in the 10.0 mg/kg group early posttransplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with 10.0 mg/kg, 7.5 mg/kg ATG for GVHD prophylaxis was associated with reduced EBV and CMV infections without increased incidence of GVHD in haplo-HSCT, probably by affecting EBV- and CMV-specific CTLs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01883180 . Registered 14 June 2013.

2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(6): 430-3, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupoint application of herbal paste on symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR), serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) level, and number of nasal eosinophils (EOS) in rats with AR, so as to explore its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, medication and acupoint application groups (n=10 rats per group). The AR model was established by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of mixture solution of ovalbumin, aluminum hydroxide and normal saline (once every other day, for 7 times), and nasal drip plus spray inhalation of ovalbumin (on the following day of i.p., once daily for 9 days). For acupoint application, the prepared herbal paste (containing White Mustard Seed, Rhizoma Corydalis, unprocessed Radix Kansui, Herba Asari and ginger juice) was applied to bilateral "Feishu" (BL13), "Pishu" (BL20) and "Shenshu" (BL23) for 2 h, once every other day for 7 times. The rats in the medication group were given Fluticasone Propionate nasal spray daily for 14 days. Scores of nasal itching, sneezing and nasal discharge on the day after modeling and the ending of the intervention were used to evaluate behavioral changes. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of serum IgE and TGF-ß1, and the infiltration state of EOS in the nasal mucosa tissue was observed under light microscope after HE staining. RESULTS: After modeling and compared with the normal control group, the behavioral scores and the levels of serum IgE and TGF-ß1 were significantly higher (P<0.05), and the infiltration state of EOS got worse. Compared with the model group, the increased behavioral score and serum IgE and TGF-ß1 levels were evidently suppressed (P<0.05) and EOS infiltration severity in the nasal mucosa was obviously milder in both medication and acupoint application groups. No significant differences were found between the medication and acupoint application groups in behavioral score and serum IgE and TGF-ß1 levels (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupoint application can improve the symptoms of AR rats, which may be associated with its effect in down-regulating the levels of serum IgE and TGF-ß1.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Rinite Alérgica , Animais , Masculino , Mucosa Nasal , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358898

RESUMO

23,24-Dihydrocucurbitacin B (designated as C95 in this article) is a cucurbitane triterpenoid that has been shown to possess a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV-1 activities etc. In this study, we investigated the effects of 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B on lipid regulation. We showed that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B (1-5 µM) dose-dependently promoted DiI-LDL uptake in HepG2 cells by upregulating low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) protein. In HepG2 cells, 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B (1-10 µM) dose-dependently enhanced LDLR promoter activity by elevating the mature form of SREBP2 (sterol regulatory element binding protein 2) protein levels on one hand, and inhibited PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) promoter activity by attenuating HNF1α (hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α) protein levels in nuclei on the other hand. Consequently, the expression of LDLR protein markedly increased, whereas the PCSK9-mediated LDLR protein degradation decreased. In a high-cholesterol LVG golden Syrian Hamster model, administration of 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B (30 mg · kg-1⋅ d-1, intragastric, for 3 weeks) significantly decreased the serum LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. PCSK9 protein levels in the serum and liver tissues were significantly decreased, whereas LDLR protein levels in liver tissues were significantly increased in the treated animals as compared with the control animals. In conclusion, our study demonstrates for the first time that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B exhibits dual transcriptional regulation of LDLR and PCSK9 in HepG2 cells by increasing SREBP2 protein levels and decreasing HNF1α protein levels in the nuclei. These results propose a new strategy to simultaneously manage LDLR and PCSK9 protein expression and provide a promising lead compound for drug development.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 10028-10037, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298034

RESUMO

The recognition and in-depth understanding of inverse trans influence (ITI) have successfully guided the synthesis of novel actinide complexes and enriched actinide chemistry. Those complexes, however, are mainly limited to the involvement of high-valence actinide and/or metal-ligand multiple bonds. Examples containing both low oxidation state actinide and metal-metal single bond remain rare. Herein, more than 20 actinide-transition metal (An-TM) complexes of phosphinoaryl oxide ligands have been designed in accordance with several experimentally known analogs, by changing the metal atoms (An = Th, Pa, U, Np, and Pu; and TM = Ni, Pd, and Pt), actinide oxidation states (IV and III) and metal-metal axial donor ligands (X = Me3SiO, F, Cl, Br, and I). The relativistic density functional theory study of structural (trans-An-X and cis-An-O toward An-TM), bonding (topological electron/energy density), and electronic properties reveals the order of the ITI stabilizing actinide-metal bond. Computed electron affinity (EA) values, related to the electrochemical reduction, linearly correlate with experimentally measured reduction potentials. Although the same ITI order for the ligand donors was shown as in a previous study, the correlation between electrochemical reduction and the ITI was found to be weak when the actinide atoms were changed. For most complexes, the reduction is primarily of an actinide-based mechanism with minor participation of transition metal and phosphinoaryl oxide, whereas that of thorium-nickel complexes is different.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299215

RESUMO

The intestinal microbiome plays an important role in the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). However, whether intestinal microbiota can predict the development of aGVHD has been reported only rarely. Here we conducted a prospective study of microbiota in 141 patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We found lower microbiota diversity in the aGVHD group compared with the non-aGVHD group at day 0 and day 15 ± 1 (P = .018 and .009, respectively). Diversity was negatively associated with conditioning intensity (P = .017, day 0; P = .045, day 15) and ß-lactam antibiotic administration (P = .004, day 15). Intensified conditioning and ß-lactam antibiotics were associated with a lower regulatory T (Treg)/T helper 17 (Th17) cell ratio at day 15 (P = .030 and .047, respectively). At day 15, the levels of the inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin [IL]-6, IL-17A, IL-1ß, and lipopolysaccharide) were higher in the intensified conditioning group compared with the standard group (P < .05). The accumulated intestinal microbiota (AIM) score was defined as microbiota diversity and gradient of the 4 bacterials (Lachnospiraceae, Peptostreptococcaceae, Erysipelotrichaceae, and Enterobacteriaceae) at day 15 post-transplantation. The AIM score was positively correlated with aGVHD grade (r = .481, P < .001), and the AIM score could be predictive of the development of aGVHD (grade II-IV aGVHD: area under the curve [AUC], .75, P < .001; grade III-IV aGVHD: AUC, .84, P < .001). These findings suggest that intestinal microbiota and conditioning might induce aGVHD by inflammatory factors and the Treg/Th17 balance. The constitution of the intestinal microbiota at neutrophil engraftment may predict the development of aGVHD.

6.
Opt Express ; 27(8): 11651-11660, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053008

RESUMO

Open loop liquid crystal adaptive optics (LC AO) has overcome the disadvantage of low energy efficiency after years of research, and its use is very promising in ground-based large aperture telescopes for visible band imaging. However, the low system bandwidth of open loop LC AO still limits its application. In order to solve this problem, we bring the concept of proportional-derivative control (which is widely used in closed loop systems) into open loop LC AO in this paper. Experiment results verified that the system -3 dB rejection bandwidth could improve from 75 Hz to 112 Hz when tip-tilt aberration is introduced, and the mean relative contrast ratio of imaging results could improve 80% when high-order aberrations are introduced. The proposed control method has significant meaning in promoting the application of open loop LC AO in ground-based large aperture telescopes for visible imaging.

7.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(8): 1674-1681, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009704

RESUMO

The optimal therapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) who relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains unclear. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of sorafenib combined with other therapeutic strategies as salvage therapy for these patients. Eighty-three AML patients with FLT3-ITD relapsing after allo-HSCT were enrolled in this study. Fifty-three patients received salvage therapy containing sorafenib and 30 patients did not. Salvage therapy containing sorafenib was superior to that without sorafenib with respect to complete remission rates, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) (66.0% versus 30.0%, 46.8% versus 20.0%, and 44.9% versus 16.7%, respectively; P = .002, P = .003, and P = .001). Further subgroup analysis revealed that the OS and PFS of patients who received sorafenib combined with chemotherapy followed by donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) were superior to those receiving other therapeutic regimens, including sorafenib combined with chemotherapy, chemotherapy followed by DLI, and monochemotherapy (P = .003, P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that salvage therapy including sorafenib was the only protective factor for longer OS (P = .035; hazard ratio [HR], .526); salvage therapy including sorafenib and DLI were the protective factors for longer PFS (P = .011, HR, .423; P = .019, HR, .508). Our data suggest that sorafenib therapy is associated with improved outcomes for FLT3-ITD AML relapsing after allo-HSCT, and whether sorafenib combined with chemotherapy followed by DLI reveals an optimal efficacy merits further study.

8.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(2): 327-335, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008493

RESUMO

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is originally identified as a widespread mRNA surveillance machinery in degrading 'aberrant' mRNA species with premature termination codons (PTCs) rapidly, which protects the cells from the accumulation of truncated proteins. Recent studies show that NMD can also regulate the degradation of normal gene transcripts, which execute important cellular and physiological functions. Therefore, NMD is considered as a highly conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism in eukaryotes. NMD modulates 3% to 20% of the transcriptome from yeast to human directly or indirectly, which is essential for various physiological processes, such as cell homeostasis, stress response, proliferation, and differentiation. NMD can regulate the level of transcripts that involves in development, and single knockout of most NMD factors has an embryonic lethal effect. NMD plays an important role in the self-renewal, differentiation of embryonic stem cells and is critical during embryonic development. In this review, we summarized the latest advances in the roles and mechanisms of NMD in embryonic development, in order to provide new ideas for the research on embryonic development and the treatment of embryonic development related diseases.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Degradação do RNAm Mediada por Códon sem Sentido , Códon sem Sentido , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro , Transcriptoma
9.
J Autoimmun ; 100: 95-104, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878167

RESUMO

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Previous studies have shown that T follicular helper cells (Tfh) contribute to immune pathology in cGVHD, but the function of extrafollicular helper T cells during cGVHD pathogenesis remains largely unknown. In the current study, we identified circulating extrafollicular helper T-like cells (CD44hiCD62LloPSGL-1loCD4+, c-extrafollicular Th-like) in human peripheral blood. We performed phenotypic and functional analyses of c-extrafollicular Th-like cells from 80 patients after allo-HSCT to explore the role of these cells in the development of human cGVHD. Patients with active cGVHD had significantly higher frequencies and counts of c-extrafollicular Th-like cells than those of patients without cGVHD. The expansion of c-extrafollicular Th-like cells was more significant in patients with moderate/severe cGVHD than that of patients with mild cGVHD. C-extrafollicular Th-like cells from patients with active cGVHD exhibited increased functional abilities to induce plasmablast differentiation and IgG1 secretion compared to those of patients without cGVHD. Moreover, c-extrafollicular Th-like cell levels were highly correlated with the generation of autoreactive B cells, plasmablasts and IgG1 antibodies. Our studies provide new insights into human cGVHD pathogenesis and identify c-extrafollicular Th-like cells as a key element in the development of human cGVHD.

10.
Behav Brain Res ; 366: 118-125, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885820

RESUMO

Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 are the voltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunit1 and 2, encoded by the genes of SCN1A and SCN2A. Previous studies have shown that chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) could induce neuropathological and cognitive impairment and increased total Nav1.1 and Nav1.2protein levels, yet the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs that are involved in the regulation of dementia. miR-132 is known to play a key role in neurodegenerative disease. Here, we determined that miR-132 regulates Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 under CCH state. In this study, the expression of miR-132 was decreased in both the hippocampus and cortex of ratsfollowing CCH generated by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO). Lentiviral-mediated overexpression of miR-132 ameliorated dementia vulnerability induced by 2VO. At the molecular level, miR-132 repressed the increased protein expression of Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 in both the hippocampus and cortex induced by 2VO. MiR-132 suppressed, while AMO-miR-132 enhanced, the level of Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 in primary cultured neonatal rat neurons (NRNs) detected by both western blot analysis and immunofluorescence analysis. Results obtained by dual luciferase assay showed that overexpression of miR-132 inhibited the expression of Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293T) cells. Additionally, binding-site mutation failed to influence Nav1.1 and Nav1.2, indicating that Nav1.1 and Nav1.2 are potential targets for miR-132. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that miR-132 protects against CCH-induced learning and memory impairments by down-regulating the expression of Nav1.1 and Nav1.2, and SCN1A and SCN2A are the target genes of miR-132.

11.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(8): 1010-1018, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30760835

RESUMO

Microcirculation morphologically refers to the blood flow in vessels of less than 150 µm in diameter, including arterioles, capillaries and venules, which provides nutrients and removes metabolic byproducts within tissues. Microcirculation dysfunction is involved in the pathological progress of many diseases, such as obesity, hypertension, and insulin resistance. In this study we investigated the effects of magnesium lithospermate B (MLB), an active compound of the traditional Chinese medicine Slavia miltiorrhiza, on the microcirculation dysfunction in rats and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The effects of MLB on microcirculation were assessed in vivo by measuring the hindlimb blood perfusion in dextran-induced microcirculation dysfunction rats and mesentery blood flow in anesthetized rats. We demonstrated that administration of MLB restored the impaired rat hindlimb blood flow and promoted the mesenteric micoperfusion in vivo. We further revealed in these two animal models that MLB treatment significantly increased the production of total nitrite in vascular tissues (mesentery, aorta, and heart), which was confirmed in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) treated with MLB in vitro. Moreover, we showed that MLB treatment significantly increased the phosphorylation of endothelium nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) via inducing AKT phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro. Co-administration of the eNOS inhibitor L-NAME (20 mg/kg) abolished the protective effects of MLB against dextran-induced microcirculation dysfunction in rats, whereas pretreatment with PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (10 µM) prevented eNOS activation in MLB-treated HMEC-1 cells. Our results suggest that MLB can restore the microcirculation dysfunction via activating eNOS, and in turn enhancing the vascular nitric oxide production, which is medicated by MLB-caused activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway.

12.
Infection ; 47(2): 275-284, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal disease (IFD) and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are major causes of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, the impacts of IFD on chronic GVHD remain unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 510 patients with hematologic malignancy undergoing allo-HSCT to explore the effects of IFD on chronic GVHD. RESULTS: The 2-year cumulative incidences of overall (limited and extensive) and extensive chronic GVHD post-transplantation were higher in patients with IFD compared with those without IFD (69.5% ± 4.2% versus 32.9% ± 2.4%, P < .001; 43.0% ± 5.2% versus 6.6% ± 1.4%, P < .001, respectively). Moreover, the patients with IFD had higher 5-year transplant-related mortality, lower 5-year overall survival and lower 5-year disease-free survival (29.8% ± 4.3% versus 9.8% ± 1.6%, P < .001; 50.5% ± 4.9% versus 71.3% ± 2.4%, P < .001 and 48.8% ± 4.7% versus 71.8% ± 2.3%, P < .001, respectively). Multivariable analyses demonstrated that IFD increased the risk of chronic GVHD. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that IFD significantly contributes to the development of chronic GVHD after allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Incidência , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/imunologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/microbiologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(7): 867-878, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617294

RESUMO

Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) is an active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza Radix, a traditional Chinese herb used in treating cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of MLB against inflammation-induced endothelial dysfunction in vitro and in vivo, and the underlying mechanisms. Endothelial dysfunction was induced in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) in vitro by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 µg/mL). We showed that pretreatment with MLB (10-100 µM) dose-dependently inhibited LPS-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines ICAM1, VCAM1, and TNFα, which contributed to reduced leukocytes adhesion and attenuation of endothelial hyperpermeability in HMEC-1 cells. SD rats were injected with LPS (10 mg/kg, ip) to induce endothelial dysfunction in vivo. We showed that pretreatment with MLB (25-100 mg/kg, ip) dose-dependently restored LPS-impaired endothelial-dependent vasodilation in superior mesenteric artery (SMA), attenuated leukocyte adhesion in mesenteric venules and decreased vascular leakage in the lungs. We further elucidated the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of MLB, and revealed that MLB pretreatment inhibited NF-κB activation through inhibition of IκBα degradation and subsequent phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 in vitro and in vivo. In HMEC-1 cells, MLB pretreatment activated the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway. Knockdown of Nrf2 with siRNA abolished the inhibitory effects of MLB on IκBα degradation and ICAM1 up-regulation, which were mimicked by PKC inhibition (Gö6983) or PI3K/Akt inhibition (LY294002). In summary, our results demonstrate that MLB inhibits NF-κB activation through PKC- and PI3K/Akt-mediated Nrf2 activation in HMEC-1 cells and protects against LPS-induced endothelial dysfunction in murine model of acute inflammation.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 55: 264-268, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been found to play a major role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by promoting hyperlipidemia. Its inhibition has therefore emerged as a viable drug target for improving the outcome of ASCVD. However, current monoclonal antibody PCSK9 inhibitors are considered cost ineffective and there is the need to discover new effective and cheaper small molecule alternatives. PURPOSE: The methanolic and ethanolic crude extracts of Nauclea latifolia have been shown to possess anti-hyperlipidemic activity, but the chemical component(s) responsible for this activity and the mechanism of action have remained unknown. The objective of this study was therefore to identify N. latifolia constituents with anti-hyperlipidemic activity and to investigate the inhibition of PCSK9 as a probable mechanism of action. METHOD: In the present study, compounds were isolated from the ethanolic extract of the stem of N. latifolia. The alkaloids were evaluated for their DiI-LDL uptake promoting activity in HepG2 cell. The most active compound was further assessed for its effect on low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and PCSK9 protein expressions by western blot. RESULTS: 3R-3,14-dihydroangustoline (5), showed a relatively good activity in promoting LDL uptake (1.26-fold). It further increased LDLR protein expression and decreased the protein expression of PCSK9 in a dose dependent manner (1-50  µM). CONCLUSION: Alkaloids from N. latifolia may serve as a source of new PCSK9 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Células Hep G2/metabolismo , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Rubiaceae/química , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Alcaloides Indólicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Caules de Planta/química
15.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30636442

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of Cydonia oblonga Mill. collected in Xinjiang province, China, led to the isolation and identification of three new dibenzofurans (1-3) along with one known compound (4). Their structures were elucidated based on HRESIMS, spectroscopic data (IR, UV, 1D, 2D NMR) and X-ray diffraction analysis.

16.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 28(6): 654-657, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977750

RESUMO

ABSTRACT About 31 percent of deaths worldwide result from atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Hyperlipidemia remains the major risk factor for this disease and therefore, it is necessary to identify antihyperlipidemic compounds for drug development. The crude ethanolic extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr., Apocynaceae, has demonstrated antihyperlipidemic properties. However, the chemical constituents responsible for this action are unknown. Hence, to identify chemical constituent(s) of C. sanguinolenta with anti-hyperlipidemic effect, five indoloquinoline alkaloids were isolated and evaluated in 1,1′-dioctadecyl-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate labeled low density lipoprotein uptake assay using HepG2 cells. The minor alkaloid, isocryptolepine, showed strong activity in promoting low lipid lipoprotein uptake by 1.85-fold. Isocryptolepine may, therefore, serve as a lead compound for future studies in the development of novel antihyperlipidemic drugs.

17.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580615

RESUMO

Baccharoides anthelmintica is the most popular traditional Uighur medicines used for vitiligo. The chemical investigation of the seeds of B. anthelmintica led to the isolation of three new flavonoid glycosides (Vernosides A-C). Their structures were determined by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data including 1D and 2D NMR and HRMS data. Vernosides A-C were evaluated for their effects on tyrosinase activity, Vernoside B can enhance tyrosinase activity.

18.
BMC Nephrol ; 19(1): 335, 2018 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common glomerular etiology of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Increasing evidence has indicated the reparative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in damaged diseased kidneys. However, the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the FSGS progression remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of BMSCs on FSGS progression. METHODS: A rat model of FSGS was generated via unilateral nephrectomy plus adriamycin injection. Rat BMSCs were isolated and characterized on the basis of their differentiative potential towards adipocytes and osteoblasts and via flow cytometry analysis. Thereafter, rat BMSCs were transplanted into FSGS recipients through the caudal vein. After 8 weeks, 24-h proteinuria, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen levels were determined. Renal morphology was assessed using a light and transmission electron microscope. MMP9 and TIMP-1 positive cells were detected via immunohistochemical analysis. Expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α were examined via RT-PCR. RESULTS: The isolated adherent cells from the bone marrow of rats were phenotypically and functionally equivalent to typical MSCs. Clinical examination revealed that BMSC transplantation reduced the 24-h urinary protein excretion, and serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels. Renal morphology was ameliorated in BMSCs-transplanted rats. Mechanistically, BMSC transplantation significantly downregulated TIMP-1 and upregulated MMP9, thereby increasing the renal MMP9/TIMP-1 ratio. Moreover, BMSC transplantation also downregulated IL-6 and TNF-α. CONCLUSIONS: BMSC transplantation can attenuate FSGS progression in a rat model of FSGS, thereby providing a theoretical foundation for the application of autologous BMSCs in clinical FSGS therapy.

19.
Toxins (Basel) ; 10(11)2018 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400375

RESUMO

: Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) retinal intoxication induces glial activation and inflammatory response via the interaction with retinal neurons. In this study, rabbit retinal explant was used as a model to study neuronal and glial consequences of PVL intoxication. Retinal explants were treated with different concentrations of PVL. PVL location and neuronal and glial changes were examined using immunohistochemistry. Some inflammatory factors were quantified using RT-qPCR at 4 and 8 h. These results were compared with those of control explants. PVL co-localized rapidly with retinal ganglion cells and with horizontal cells. PVL induced Müller and microglial cell activation. Retinal structure was altered and some amacrine and microglial cells underwent apoptosis. Glial activation and cell apoptosis increased in a PVL concentration- and time-dependent manner. IL-6 and IL-8 expression increased in PVL-treated explants but less than in control explants, which may indicate that other factors were responsible for glial activation and retinal apoptosis. On retinal explants, PVL co-localized with neuronal cells and induced glial activation together with microglial apoptosis, which confirms previous results observed in in vivo model. Rabbit retinal explant seems to be suitable model to further study the process of PVL leading to glial activation and retinal cells apoptosis.

20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and safety of catgut embedding on alleviating insomnia. METHODS: Totally 510 patients with insomnia were divided into 5 Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types: Xin (Heart) and Pi (Spleen) deficiency, yin deficiency with excess fire, Xin and gut qi deficiency, Wei (Stomach) disorder, and qi and blood deficiency, respectively. These 5 types of patients were randomly assigned to a catgut embedding group, an acupuncture group or a medication group (30 cases in Xin and Pi deficiency type, Wei disorder type, Xin and gut qi deficiency type, respectively; 40 cases in yin deficiency with excess fire type and qi and blood deficiency type, respectively). In the catgut embedding group, patients were treated by implanting catgut into acupoints once every 10 days for a total of 30 days. In the acupuncture group, patients were treated with acupuncture once per day over 30 days (excluding weekends); and patients in the medication group took 1 mg Eurodin Tablet orally every night for 30 days. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was evaluated before treatment, on 30 and 60 days after the first treatment, respectively. The International Unified Sleep Efficiency Value (IUSEV) was measured at 30 and 60 days. The safety was evaluated after treatment and adverse events were analyzed. RESULTS: The objective PSQI scores including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, daytime dysfunction, and total scores at 30 days were significantly improved compared with pre-treatment in the catgut embedding and acupuncture groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 30 days, the PSQI scores in catgut embedding group were superior to the medication group in the patients with each type of insomnia, with the exception of sleep duration (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 60 days, significant differences were found between the catgut embedding group and the medication group (P<0.01 for all indices). The IUSEV scores in the catgut embedding group were significantly higher than the acupuncture group at 60 days, and the scores in acupuncture group were higher than the medication group at 30 days (P<0.05 for all types). No severe adverse events were found in this study. CONCLUSIONS: Acupoint catgut embedding and acupuncture were more effective than medication in alleviating insomnia syndrome in different Chinese medicine syndrome type. However, the sustained effects of acupoint catgut embedding were superior to acupuncture.

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